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fore.” “In medio tutissimus ;"—to these serious complaints we reply,
that “ Briareus," with his numerous votes, induces us, in our next
Volume, to introduce more break-lines in the list of Deaths, though
some portion of information must necessarily be sacrificed. This is all
the concession we can make ; for we must beg leave to inform our
friend Argus, that the Index of Names, to which are affixed the initials
of each individual, will so far prevent confusion, as to enable him to
see his way (to use a less classical phrase than that of our Corre-
spondent) "with half an eye."

It is really amusing to observe the contrasted opinions of our dif-
ferent Readers who possess tastes distinctly opposite : some would urge
us to adopt all the novelties of the age, and pursue every caprice of
fashion; others sigh for the days of olden time," and view with sus-
picion every species of innovation. Our youthful Readers advise us to
appear as GENTLEMen, and assure us that we have the fairest claim to
that honourable appellation. They are anxious for sprightly Essays,
humorous tête-à-têtes, splendid typography, flowing margins, and all
the bel-esprit of the passing day. Many of our venerable Correspond-
ents and earliest acquaintances (amongst whom, we are proud to say,
are included some of the most distinguished Literati of the age) express
their disapprobation at the least deviation from our usual course. They
are alarmed lest the belles lettres of Genius and Science should be sa-
crificed to the bel esprit of “the fashionable world," or to the rage
“modern Vandalism." Some Correspondents admit that our success is
unparalleled ; but they contend that, by conforming to “ the spirit of
the times," we might elevate ourselves beyond rivalry.

On the con-
trary, our old friends remind us of the high character SylvanUS
URBAN has maintained during the eventful period of Ninety-two
years; whilst numerous rivals, who for a short time “fretted their hour
away,” have sunk into oblivion. They affirm that his Publication is the
most valuable record of modern times, and that it would therefore be
unworthy the dignified name of old SYLVANUS to stoop from his tower-
ing height, and enter the lists with the numerous ephemerides of the day.
He would be like another Ajax ignobly fighting with the bleating herd.

To these conflicting opinions we can only reply, “Non nostrum
tantas componere lites.” We have stated sufficient to prove the impos-
sibility of gratifying the varied tastes of all. The attempt would doubt-
less expose us to the same disappointment as the old man in the fable
experienced: in his anxiety to please all he gave satisfaction to none.
However, we shall always receive the hints of our Correspondents with
the most perfect good humour, and endeavour to take advantage of
every useful suggestion.

The most essential character of the Gentleman's MAGAZINE will,
notwithstanding, be always rigidly preserved. Our pages will continue
to display the same ardent and unalterable attachment to our venerable
Constitution, both in Church and State. Our columns shall still be
devoted to sound and useful Literature, and ever be open to fair and
temperate discussion ; but they shall never become the vehicle of
malevolent bickerings, or insidious attacks on individuals. We would
sooner fall than build our prosperity on the ruins of private reputation,
So long as we receive the able assistance of our learned coadjutors, and
experience the same liberal patronage from the Publick, we confi-
dently flatter ourselves that this Publication will still pre-eminently
maintain its character, and long remain the arena where youthful and
aspiring Genius may first plume its wings.

June 29, 1822.

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ber a recess,


We are much obliged to the Rev. John Clere de Montè, a Norman Baron, who is Graham, and to another Correspondent, who described on a monument erected to his mehave both sent us Drawings of what they mory in the chapel of Blickling, as having conceive to be a very curious Medal. We

come to England with William Duke of have before, vol. XCI. ïi. p. 482, given our Normandy, to assist him in the Conquest opinion of the Medal, in answer to H. R. D. of England.'— Blomefield's “ Norfolk.' who first sent us the notice of it, which Puff observes, “If there be in chamappeared in a provincial journal.

eep or shallow, above or beJ. O. may obtain the information he re- low, it does not occasion any peculiar curquires almost in any public Library. rent of air to make one sensible of being in

A CONSTANT READER is referred to his its vicinity; but convert this recess into a Dentist.

closet, and however well fitted and comANTIQUARIOLUS says, “I am glad that pacted the door may be, yet through every A. C. R. has furnished an additional proof little crevice the air will draw and become to the scene of Adam Gordon's combat, by painfully troublesome. Nay, I have seen a placing Shortgrave in Bedfordshire : per- candle nearly extinguished through the keyhaps he can also identify Altun wood. Dr. hole of a closet not six inches deep. Pray Brady, in his History of England, relates solve this problem." that in 1265 the King being obliged by the W. F. C. observes, “I beg leave to point rebellious Barons, sent letters, dated at out what I consider a very material error in Monmouth, June 28, “per Regem, comi- the new Coinage, inasmuch as it would mislead tem Leicestriæ,' &c. to Adam de Gurdun any person seeking information of the arand others, commanding them to suppress morial bearings of our natiou. I allude to the efforts made in his favour."

the false heraldry of the shield, in which Clericus suggests to Mr. Frank Hall the whole field is made to appear Argent; STANDISH, the Editor of the Life of Vol- neither does it, as a medal, look so rich and taire, the propriety of correcting, in another handsome, from the want of the usual disedition, an uncharitable disposition towards tinguishing lines. I should be glad to learn a very respectable body of men, which, the reason which led to this new mode of while it leads him into error, may bring displaying the arms?". down contempt upon him. He wishes to A. S. wishes to know whether the Charge call Mr. Standish's attention to the follow- given by the present Bishop of Winchester ing acrimonius and unjust attack upon the to his Clergy in the last summer at his priClergy at large. Speaking of satire as a mary Visitation in Surrey has been printed; libel, he says, “It proceeds generally from and if it has, where it may be procured? an hireling author, or from some little, low, W.R. K. ARMIGER observes ; “ Inquiries contemptible, and foolish man, of a bad dis- having been made respecting the family of position, with imaginary talents, who has Knivett (XCI. i. pp. 286,482), some of your neither sufficient conrage nor good nature Correspondents may probably say what beto suppress the paltry venom of his own came of the descendants of Sir Philip Knivett conceptions. A libel" is the natural off- of Birkenham Castle, Norfolk, bart. whose spring of a weak head and corrupt heart, and sons were, Philip, heir apparent; John, of is sometimes to be found still emanating Leatherhead, Surrey; Thomas, who mareven from a Christian Teacher or Protestant ried, and had issue (query, of what family Clergyman of the present Century." Our was his lady ?); Sir Robert, the fourth son, Correspondent then remarks, “'Now let bart. died in London, at an advanced age.Counsel, learned in the law, or let any man Eleanor married, first, to Sir Henry Hastof plain understanding, say if this last charge ings ; secondly, to Sir Thos. Waldron, of be not a solemn and a cruel libel ; and if it Chorley, knt. ; Dorothy or Elizabeth, wife be so, see how the earlier part of the sen- to James Erskine, Earl of Buchan, in Scottence characterizes its author, as 'an bire- land. Catherine is said to have died unmarried." ling, or as some little, low, contemptible The recommendation of the Thetford Spa

of bad disposition, with imaginary can only be used (if paid for) as an Advertalents, who has neither sufficient courage tisement on our Cover. nor good nature to suppress the paltry ve- T.B. expresses his disappointment at findnom of his own conceptions'.”

ing the Compendiums of County History disA. Y. Z. asks, “Was Sir John Clere of continued; and hopes that Byro will again Blickling in Norfolk of the family of Clare, favour us with his communications : in this whose pedigree appeared in vol. LXXXIX. wish we heartily join with T. B. ii. p. 411? This Sir John Clere possessed The hints of « Clericus, M. A." (of Blickling in right of his wife, daughter of Bury, L.) we adopt as far as is easily practiSir William Boleyn, and received Queen cable. To the extent he mentions, they Elizabeth there. He was descended from would alone fill the whole of our pages.









Barton upon Humber, Of the many invasions of Great Bri-
Jan. 1.

tain by the Northern barbarians, none In of

there is perhaps no one to whom county of Lincoln, until after the conwe are more indebted than Mr. Sha- quest of Northumbria by Ivan, when ron Turner, who, in compiling his (temp. 871) the Danes landed at HumHistory of the Anglo Saxons, has ex- rstone (on the Lincolnshire coast), plored so many before-hidden treasures, and commenced that too successful as to produce an abundant detail of irruption, which proceeding through events that

, but for him, might pro- the county Southward, destroyed the bably have still remained unheeded monasteries of Bardney and Croyland, and unknown; and although the tran- and desolated the whole country; and sactions of that eventful portion of our being assisted also in its progress by history are yet so scanty as to hurry us the petty jealousies of the Anglo Saxon over a vast period of time, through a Sovereigns, triumphed over each kingquick succession of barbarous and re- dom, in detail, and in the end made volting, incidents, yet the events of the great Alfred himself a temporary those times are nevertheless worthy of fugitive in his own dominions. our most serious consideration : in From the period of this devastation, them, indeed, we see as it were the and during the subsequent struggles of germ of our national civilization, strug. Alfred in regaining his kingdom, and gling against the rude shocks of igno. to the time of his final triumph over rance and barbarism, and yet increas- the Danes, none of the important ing to a growing shoot; then assisted events recorded give any local interest and nurtured by the introduction of to the North of Lincolnshire, nor is the mild truths of Christianity, we see any thing particularly stated, so as to that shoot overpowering all barbarian place any military operations of conseobstacles, and expanding itself into a quence immediately on the banks of large and spreading tree, under whose the river Humber, until the reign of full grown and shady branches we now Athelstan, when the great Battle of enjoy the sweet repose of historic con- Brunnenburgh was fought. templation, counting the many bless- Without giving you the full detail ings of the present, and contrasting of Mr. Turner's history of the events them with the miseries of the past. which occasioned this great contest, it

Shocking as the detail may be, yet may be useful to premise, that almost the violent usurpations of power, the upon every accession of our elective murders and desolations committed Anglo Saxon Monarchs to the sovewith fire and sword, and the bloody reignty of their respective States, it contests that were continually taking was invariably necessary that they place between one or other of the many should have recourse to arms, in order Sovereigns of our Saxon ancestors, may to support or confirm their authority; truly be considered as having. laid the and the submission that was made by foundation of our present National in the Sovereigns of Northumbria, Scoidependence, and each greater contest land, and Wales, to Edward, was but that is recorded becomes doubly inte- ill attended to, when the sceptre was resting to the present generation, by conceded to his successor Athelstan ; having some accompanying proofs of the consequence of which was, that its locality.

Athelstan soon added Northumbria to

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note :

Battle of Brunnum.

his dominions, and ravaged Scotland “ All authors, except Ingulf, give rea-
and Wales. His successes, however, son to believe that this famous Battle was
were not long to be enjoyed unmolest- fought to the Southward of the Humber.
ed; for one of the most powerful con-

The invading allies were on their progress federacies that ever had been formed

from that river when they were met by sprung up against hin, and threatened

Athelstan ; and it is probable that Brunne, his whole kingdom with present anni- shire (near which is Witham, perhaps for

now Bourne, in the South part of Lincolnhilation.

merly Weondune), may have been the
Anlaf (who had been driven from

Northumbria), assisted by Constan-
tine King of Scotland, several of the

To which is added the following

princes, and the Anglo Danes,
North of the Humber, and also aug- “Every one acquainted with the old Eng-
mented by feets of warriors from Nor- lish knows that Burn and Brun are the same,
way and the Baltic, formed an at- and the addition of Burgh might be dropt
tack of such magnitude, it seemed a from it, as it has been from many others
certain calculation that the single (e. g) Lundenburgh or Lundenbyrig, now
force of Athelstan must be over-

thrown;" he so managed, however,

Coupling these queries and observaas to gain time, and be prepared to

tions with my own, I have ventured meet the storm ; and, finally, in the

to presume that I am able to deterBattle of Brunnenburgh, he com- mine this hitherto doubtful point, and pletely defeated their combinations.

to lay down the exact position where In this battle the contending armies this Battle was fought'; in order to were so numerous, the circumstances which, however, I must again refer 10 50 particular, the slaughter so great, Mr. Turner's History for information, and the consequences so important, " that Aplaf commenced the warfare that it may not inaptly be compared to by entering the Humber with a fleet the modern Waterloo.

of 615 ships ;” and also, “that he Every reader of Mr. Turner's His

soon overpowered the forces which tory will no doubt be delighted with Athelstan had posted in Northumhis description of the particular events bria.” It does not appear how far of this most important period, and Anlaf's force was personally engaged especially with his representation of in producing these advantages North this Baule; and it only leaves a regret of the Humber; and from the silence that the scite of such events should

of our Historians, we may infer that not have been identified with his de

the magnitude of the invading force scription.

was such as made it necessary that In my edition (being the first) of Athelstan should withdraw his troops Mr. Turner's History, with reference from the North, and concentrate to the Battle of Brunnausburgh, he them in a more Southerly position ; subjoins the following note :

although the ships of the period we
« It is singular that the position of this

are now speaking of were not vessels of
famous Battle is not ascertained; the Saxon large burihen, yet from the number
Song says it was at Brunnanburh. Ethel- which entered the Humber, it has
werd, a contemporary, names the place been inferred that Anlaf had with
Brunnandune; Simeon of Durham, Weou- hiin an army of 30,000 men, at the
dune or Ethunnanwerch, or Brunnan byrge; least; and in order to engage and di-
Malmsbury, Brunsford. Ingulf says, Brun- vide Athelstan's attention from the
ford in Northumbria. These of course im- North, he would naturally, and with
ply the same place. But where is it? Cam-
den thought it was at Ford near Bromeridge take up a position on the South bank

as little delay as possible, debark and
in Northumberland. Gibson mentions, that of the river Humber.
in Cheshire there is a place called Brun-
burgh. I observe that the Villare mentions

My conjecture is, that Anlaf landed
a Brunton in Northumberland."

the main body of his army at Barrow,

taking up a position at the head of the Accidentally looking into Macpher. creek or haven there, about three quarson's Geographical Illustrations of 'Scot- ters of a mile distant from the river, tish History, with reference to this same where he threw up entrenchments, event, and under the title Brunnan- and that he in a similar way posted his burgh, I found the following observa- allies at Barton ; which conjecture is tion:

founded on the natural positions thesė


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