The History of Brazil
Greenwood Press, 1999 - 208 pages
Brazil is a vast, complex country with great potential but an uneven history. This engaging study will introduce readers to the history of Brazil from its origins to today. It emphasizes current issues and problems, including the country's return to democracy after more than two decades of harsh military rule and the economic consequences of adopting free-market policies as part of the creation of the global marketplace. Levine, a noted Brazilianist, explains the legacy of slavery on race relations, the stubborn persistence of barriers to upward mobility, and the characteristics of Brazil's exuberant culture. The author draws not only from a broad array of traditional sources but from oral histories and postings on the Internet. The history of Brazil unfolds in narrative chronological chapters beginning with the Portuguese conquest, then moving on to the colonial period, Independence, the nineteenth-century monarchy--the only one in Latin America--the Republic, the nationalist regime under Vargas, the eclipse of democracy under military rule in the 1960s and 1970s, and the current democratically elected government under Cardoso, who was elected in 1998 to his second term. Short biographical sketches of 40 prominent Brazilians, a glossary of Portuguese terms, and a bibliographical essay add reference value to this work. This is the only up-to-date history of Brazil, current through 1999.
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The cycle of sugar profitability gave way to the gold boom of the eighteenth
century ; when gold reserves dwindled , Brazil ' s economic fortunes turned to
coffee . By the 1820s , coffee had become Brazil ' s major export crop ; by the last
In 1720 , when rioting broke out in Vila Rica do Ouro Preto against the annual
royal gold tax , the tax was reduced from 20 to 12 percent ; as a result , more gold
was handed in through official channels . This worked for a while , but gold ...
Manumissions of slaves increased after the decline in gold mining , in part
because slaveowners no longer wanted the burden of caring for slaves who were
unproductive . Women were more likely to free their slaves than were men , even
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The history of BrazilKasutaja arvustus - Not Available - Book Verdict
With over 3 million square miles of territory and 4,600 miles of shoreline, Brazil is the fifth largest nation in the world. In this impressively concise history, Levine, the director for the Center ... Read full review