The History of Brazil
Greenwood Press, 1999 - 208 pages
Brazil is a vast, complex country with great potential but an uneven history. This engaging study will introduce readers to the history of Brazil from its origins to today. It emphasizes current issues and problems, including the country's return to democracy after more than two decades of harsh military rule and the economic consequences of adopting free-market policies as part of the creation of the global marketplace. Levine, a noted Brazilianist, explains the legacy of slavery on race relations, the stubborn persistence of barriers to upward mobility, and the characteristics of Brazil's exuberant culture. The author draws not only from a broad array of traditional sources but from oral histories and postings on the Internet. The history of Brazil unfolds in narrative chronological chapters beginning with the Portuguese conquest, then moving on to the colonial period, Independence, the nineteenth-century monarchy--the only one in Latin America--the Republic, the nationalist regime under Vargas, the eclipse of democracy under military rule in the 1960s and 1970s, and the current democratically elected government under Cardoso, who was elected in 1998 to his second term. Short biographical sketches of 40 prominent Brazilians, a glossary of Portuguese terms, and a bibliographical essay add reference value to this work. This is the only up-to-date history of Brazil, current through 1999.
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... the years of the Estado Novo ( 1937 – 1945 ) , when only members of
government - sanctioned unions were protected . Informal - economy workers ,
excluded from labor unions of any kind , must fare for themselves . The greatest
obstacle to ...
So cynical were Brazilian workers about the official unions , run by pelegos ,
government honchos , that despite the offer of attractive benefits ( pensions ,
training , union - run vacation properties ) most workers did not join . Most of
Vargas ' s ...
Robert M. Levine. Agents of the political police ransacked the headquarters of
student associations , labor unions , left - wing newspapers , and the homes of
militants . The contents of libraries were stuffed into canvas mail sacks and taken
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The history of BrazilKasutaja arvustus - Not Available - Book Verdict
With over 3 million square miles of territory and 4,600 miles of shoreline, Brazil is the fifth largest nation in the world. In this impressively concise history, Levine, the director for the Center ... Read full review