The History of Brazil
Greenwood Press, 1999 - 208 pages
Brazil is a vast, complex country with great potential but an uneven history. This engaging study will introduce readers to the history of Brazil from its origins to today. It emphasizes current issues and problems, including the country's return to democracy after more than two decades of harsh military rule and the economic consequences of adopting free-market policies as part of the creation of the global marketplace. Levine, a noted Brazilianist, explains the legacy of slavery on race relations, the stubborn persistence of barriers to upward mobility, and the characteristics of Brazil's exuberant culture. The author draws not only from a broad array of traditional sources but from oral histories and postings on the Internet. The history of Brazil unfolds in narrative chronological chapters beginning with the Portuguese conquest, then moving on to the colonial period, Independence, the nineteenth-century monarchy--the only one in Latin America--the Republic, the nationalist regime under Vargas, the eclipse of democracy under military rule in the 1960s and 1970s, and the current democratically elected government under Cardoso, who was elected in 1998 to his second term. Short biographical sketches of 40 prominent Brazilians, a glossary of Portuguese terms, and a bibliographical essay add reference value to this work. This is the only up-to-date history of Brazil, current through 1999.
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The currency depreciated by roughly the same amount , wiping out local
investment and reducing wages to virtually nothing . The standard of living for all
but the very rich fell abruptly by 25 – 30 percent , a harsh condition given that
millions of ...
... they could be replaced by women and children , and provided neither training
nor safety equipment nor a living wage . ... responded positively to the alternative
vision that anarchism provided : a new moral order , decent wages and housing ...
The period between 1939 and the early 1970s was to yield increased real wages
for industrial workers ( industrial wages rose 60 percent between 1939 and 1975
) but a decline in real wages and living conditions for unskilled workers , the ...
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The history of BrazilKasutaja arvustus - Not Available - Book Verdict
With over 3 million square miles of territory and 4,600 miles of shoreline, Brazil is the fifth largest nation in the world. In this impressively concise history, Levine, the director for the Center ... Read full review