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admit air-pump answer atmosphere barometer becomes bladder body boiling bottle bottom called cause Charles cold column common consequently contains CONVERSATION depends described direction distance divided earth echo effects elastic Emma equal exhaust expands experiment explain external fall Father feet fire fixed fluid force freezes give glass greater half happens hear heard heat heavier inches increased kind less light lighter manner means mercury miles motion move nature observe operation ounces person piece pipe piston Plate pounds pressed pressure prevent principle produced pump quantity quicksilver rain raise reason receiver rise round scale screw sound space square stand steam stone striking string substance Suppose sure surface taken tenths thermometer tion tube turn vacuum valve vessel wall weather weight whole wind
Page 189 - In that case the water is kept in the tube by the pressure of the atmosphere on the surface of the water into which it is plunged.
Page 222 - ... them. Small pieces of alum and clay, mixed together, are made just large enough to enter at the wide end : they are then heated in the fire with the body whose heat is to be ascertained. The fire, according to its heat, contracts the earthy body, so that, being applied to the wide end of the gauge, jt will slide on towards the narrow end, less or more, according to the degree of heat to which it has been exposed*.
Page 180 - Soon shall thy arm, unconquered steam, afar Drag the slow barge or drive the rapid car ; Or, on wide-waving wings expanded, bear The flying chariot through the fields of air ; — Fair crews triumphant, leaning from above, Shall wave their fluttering kerchiefs as they move, Or warrior bands alarm the gaping crowd, And armies shrink beneath the shadowy cloud.
Page 248 - In foul weather, when the mercury rises much and high, and so continues for two or three days before the foul weather is quite over, then expect a continuance of fair weather to follow.
Page 247 - In fair weather, when the mercury falls much and low, and thus continues for two or three days before the rain comes, then expect a great deal of wet, and probably high winds.
Page 247 - ... 1 . The rising of the mercury presages, in general, fair weather, and its falling foul •weather, as rain, snow, high winds, and storms. When the surface of the mercury is convex, or stands higher in the middle than at the sides, it is a sign...
Page 160 - Savery to your aid ; Bade round the youth explosive Steam aspire, In gathering clouds, and wing'd the wave with fire; Bade with cold streams the quick expansion stop, And sunk the immense of vapour to a drop. Press'd by the ponderous air the piston falls Resistless, sliding through its iron walls; Quick moves the balanced beam, of giant birth, Wields his large limbs, and nodding shakes the earth.
Page 248 - ... 6. In fair weather when the mercury falls much and low, and thus continues for two or three days before the rain comes, then a deal of wet may be expected, and probably high winds.