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PROPOSED CONSTITUTIONAL AMENDMENT TO BALANCE THE FEDERAL BUDGET

HEARINGS

BEFORE THE

SUBCOMMITTEE ON THE CONSTITUTION

OF THE

COMMITTEE ON THE JUDICIARY

UNITED STATES SENATE

NINETY-SIXTH CONGRESS

FIRST SESSION

ON

S.J. Res. 2, 4, 5, 6, 7, 9, 10, 11, 13, 16, 18, 36, 38, 45, 46, 56, 76, 79, 86, and 93

MARCH 12, MAY 23, JULY 25, OCTOBER 4, 11, AND

NOVEMBER 1, 1979

Serial No. 96-41

!

Printed for the use of the Committee on the Judiciary

U.S. GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE

84 267

WASHINGTON : 1980

COMMITTEE ON THE JUDICIARY

196th Congress)

EDWARD M. KENNEDY, Massachusetts, Chairman BIRCH BAYH, Indiana

STROM THURMOND, South Carolina ROBERT C. BYRD, West Virginia

CHARLES McC. MATHIAS, JR., Maryland JOSEPH R. BIDEN, JR., Delaware

PAUL LAXALT, Nevada JOHN C. CULVER, Iowa

ORRIN G. HATCH, Utah HOWARD M. METZENBAUM, Ohio

ROBERT DOLE, Kansas DENNIS DECONCINI, Arizona

THAD COCHRAN, Mississippi
PATRICK J. LEAHY, Vermont

ALAN K. SIMPSON, Wyoming
MAX BAUCUS, Montana
HOWELL HEFLIN, Alabama

DAVID BOIES, Chief Counsel and Staff Director
STEPHEN BREYER, Chief Counsel and Staff Director 1

SUBCOMMITTEE ON THE CONSTITUTION

BIRCH BAYH, Indiana, Chairman HOWARD M. METZENBAUM, Ohio

ORRIN G. HATCH, Utah DENNIS DECONCINI, Arizona

STROM THURMOND, South Carolina
HOWELL HEFLIN, Alabama

ALAN K. SIMPSON, Wyoming
NELS ACKERSON, Chief Counsel and Executive Director

KEVIN O. FALEY, General Counsel ?

MARY K. JOLLY, Staff Director and Counsel
LINDA ROGERS-KINGSBURY, Chief Clerk and Deputy Staff Director

1 Upon the resignation of Mr. Boies, Mr. Breyer was appointed chief counsel and staff director, Sept. 1, 1979.

Upon the resignation of Mr. Ackerson, Mr. Faley was appointed chief counsel and executive director, July 1, 1979.

(II)

CONTENTS

Bayh, Hon. Birch, a U.S. Senator from the State of Indiana, chairman, Page

Subcommittee on the Constitution...

1, 111, 161

Dole, Hon. Robert, a U.S. Senator from the State of Kansas..

114

Hatch, Hon. Orrin G., a U.S. Senator from the State of Utah.

3

Heflin, Hon. Howell, á U.S. Senator from the State of Alabama -

117

Simpson, Hon. Alan K., a U.S. Senator from the State of Wyoming-

114

Thurmond, Hon. Strom, a U.S. Senator from the State of South Carolina. 113

PROPOSED LEGISLATION
Senate joint resolutions to balance the Federal budget, referred to the
Subcommittee on the Constitution, in the 96th Congress..

459, 531
CHRONOLOGICAL LIST OF WITNESSES

8
18
30
90
100

MONDAY, March 12, 1979
Stennis, Hon. John C., a U.S. Senator from the State of Mississippi..-
Byrd, Hon. Harry F., Jr., a U.S. Senator from the State of Virginia.
Muskie, Hon. Edmund s., a U.S. Senator from the State of Maine...
Thurmond, Hon. Strom, a U.S. Senator from the State of South Carolina.
Dole, Hon. Robert, a U.S. Senator from the State of Kansas..-

WEDNESDAY, MAY 23, 1979

McClure, Hon. James A., a U.S. Senator from the State of Idaho.---

Blumenthal, Hon. Michael W., Secretary of the U.S. Treasury.

DeConcini, Hon. Dennis, a U.S. Senator from the State of Arizona -

Levin, Hon. Carl, a U.S. Senator from the State of Michigan...

WEDNESDAY, JULY 25, 1979

Stone, Hon. Richard, a U.S. Senator from Florida.

Heinz, Hon. John H., III, a U.S. Senator from Pennsylvania.

Lugar, Hon. Richard G., a U.S. Senator from Indiana -

Wallop, Hon. Malcolm, á U.S. Senator from Wyoming-

THURSDAY, OCTOBER 4, 1979

Kirkland, Lane, secretary-treasurer, AFL-CIO, Washington, D.C., accom-

panied by Mr. Rudy Oswald, chief economist and Kenneth Young,
legislative director.

O'Neill, Thomas P., III, chairman, Citizens for the Constitution, Wash-

ington, D.C...

Davidson, Jim, chairman, National Taxpayers Union, Washington, D.C.;

accompanied by Robert Martin, economist.--

Beil, Marshall, attorney, Association of the Bar of the City of New York:

Committee on Federal Legislation.--.

THURSDAY, October 11, 1979

Prvor, Hon. David, a U.S. Senator from the State of Arkansas.-

Rivlin, Alice, Director, Congressional Budget Office

Gerber, Martin, vice president, International Union UAW

Grant, 'Allan, president, American Farm Bureau Federation

Van Andel, Jay, chairman of the board, Chamber of Commerce of the

United States of America...

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