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56. What is an exchange? 323.
3. What are the intentions of private acts of
4. With what cautions and preliminaries are
private acts of parliament made? 345.
6. What is the difference between the king's
literæ clausæ ? 346.
7. In what three points does the construction
8. What is a fine of lands and tenements ?
9. What is the origin of fines ? 349.
11. What is the action of covenant upon which
12. What is the primer fine? 350.
14. What is the king's silver, or post fine ?
15. What is the concord; and who is the cog-
16. How must the acknowledgment be made;
17. What is the note of the fine? 351.
19. What proclamations of x fine hath the sta-
fraud or covin? 352.
77. How do the courts now consider a trust- ceo que il ad de son done; and of what efficacy is
it ? 352.
79. What thirteenth species of conveyance has 23. What is a fine sur concessit? 353.
80. What was enacted by the 27 Hen. VIII. c. j and wherein does it differ from the fine sur cog-
nizance de droit, come ceo, &c.? 353.
82. What may be added as a fifteenth and a 26. What are the three classes of persons
bound by a fine? 355.
28. Who are privies, and how are they bound ?
they bound ? 356.
a fine of any avail at all? 356, 357.
or reversioner does a tenant's for life levying a fine
former and bar it forever? 35€.
89. What general registers for deeds, wills, and and what does it allege? 358.
35. What is the voucher, vocatio, or cwing to
36. Who is the recoverer, and who the recoveree?
37. What is called the recompense or recovery
in ralue? 359.
38. Of what nature is this recompense; and CHAP. XXIII.- Of Alienation by Devise.
1. What is devise ? 373.
2. Upon what did the restraint of devising
3. What estate only could then be derised, with
4. In what shape did the popish clergy, whu
5. Upon what did lands in this shape become
6. What did the statute of wills, 32 Hen. VIII.
7. How is a devise to a corporation for a cha-
ritable use now held by the statute 48 Eliz. c. 4
46. But what are the provisions of the statute 29 Car. II. c. 3, direct as to devises of lands ? 376.
the statute? 376.
11. What did the statute 25 Geo. II. c. 6 de-
12. What hath the statute 3 & 4 W. and M. c.
13. How is a will of lands considered by the
courts of law ? 378.
and testaments of personal chattels is founded
15. What seven general rules and maxims
construction and exposition of all the species of
CHAP. XXIV.—Of Things Personal.
1. WHAT are included under the name of
movable only, as things real do of things immor-
4. Into what two kinds, therefore, are chattels
5. What are chattels real? 386.
which denominates them real; and which do
chattels ? 886.
11. What is the presentment of the surrender ; CHAP. XXV.-Of Property in Things Personal.
12. What if those into whose bands the sur- 1. Of what two natures is property in chattels
2. Into what two sorts is property in chattels
14. What is the lord bound to do in admittances 3. What is property in chattels personal in pos-
session absolute? 389.
5. What property can a man have in such
6. Why, of all tame and domestic animals,
What is property in chattels personal, in pos- | CHAP. XXVII.-Of Title by Prerogative and For.
1. What personal chattels may accrue to whom
10. How long are these animals the property of king a kind of prerogative copyright? 410.
4. Is there not still another species of pre-
12. What crime is it to steal such animals the principle from any that have been mentioned ?
5. What four reasons have concurred for
to his own use all such creatures as are ferve
naturæ ? 411, 412.
6. What, however, is the origin of the game-
laws in England ? 413-416.
8. Who only, by common law, have a right to
9. What are free-warren and free-fishery; and
ing or sporting upon another man's soil, or, in
11. But how have the exemptions from cer-
tain penal statutes for preserving the game virtually
it? 417, 418.
12. For what twelve offences are all the goods
CHAP. XXVIII.- Of Title by Custom.
1. What are the three sorts of customary in-
3. But how is it held that partnership stock in 2. Into what two sorts are heriots usually di-
vided ? 422.
3. What is heriot-service? 422.
what is it defined to be? 422.
5. To what species of tenures is heriot-custom
and of what estate is it always? 424.
3. But what are the restrictions as to the 8. Can a heriot be compounded for by the
9. What are mortuaries; and why are they
VIII. c. 6 reduce mortuaries ? 427.
by special custom ; and what are they by general ?
descend to the heir in the nature of heir-looms?
18. What if heir-looms are devised away from
the heir by will ? 429.
CHAP. XXIX.-Oj Title by Succession, Marriage, 13. What is a nudum pactum; and what degree
of reciprocity will prevent it? 445, 416.
14. How far will courts of justice supports
quired in England ? 446.
16. What is sale or exchange; how does the
regarded by the law? 446, 447
liberty of disposing of them? 447.
19. But in what cases may property be trans-
in the goods ? 449.
21. But what has the statute 1 Jac. I. c. 21
22. And in what cases are sales not binding
even in market-overt? 450.
M. c. 7 and 31 Eliz. c. 12 enact concerning the
10. Of what natures is property in chattel in- 24. What remedy has a purchasor if a vendor
the goodness of his wares purchased ? 451.
26. What is bailment; and who is the bailor,
27. What does the law call agistment? 452.
28. If a man deliver any thing to his friend
for any damage or loss it may sustain ? 452.
30. What is the difference between hiring and
31. What is interest; and upon what are its
rise ? 457.
34. What is enacted by the statute 19 Geo. II.
7. What interest does a contract convey as dis- Indies ? 458.
36. What is enacted by the statute 14 Geo.
very essence of which consists in observing the
cies 460, 461.
instead of advancing the same sum on an ordi- 7. What powers have the commissioners of
bankruptcy ? 481.
41. What is now the extremity of legal interest creditors ? 482.
9. What if it appear that his inability to pay
10. After the time allowed to the bankrupt for
44. What is debt; and in what cases may it be 482.
allowance ? 483.
indemnity be given him ? 484.
13. What is an act of insolvency ? 484.
been once cleared by a bankruptcy or by an in-
49. What is enacted by the statute 29 Car. II. rupts again? 484, 485.
in whom are all the personal estate and effects of
16. What is the meaning of the saying “ Once
bankrupts ? 486.
a creditor, and by statute 1 Jac. I. c. 15 as to
a bankrupt do without the consent of the credit-
the creditors; and within what time shall the
21. What debts of a bankrupt have a priority
22. Within what time shall a second and final
58. When a bill or a note is refused, how soon CHAP. XXXII.-Of Title by Testament and Ad-
1. What is a testament, and what an admi-
nistration ? 490.
2. What were the reasonable parts in a man's
chattels of the wife and children? 492.
devise? 492, 493.
belong; and to whom were they granted ? 494.
church to the probate of wills and to the admi-
7. Who is the intestate's administrator ? 496.
6. What powers has any judge or justice of the 9. Who are to be reckoned in the first species?