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CONTENTS.

Page. Italian, Slavic, and Hungarian unskilled immigrant laborers in the United States, by Frank J. Sheridan...

403-486 Economic condition of the Jews in Russia, by I. M. Rubinow.

487-583 Digest of recent reports of State bureaus of labor statistics: California..

584-586 Indiana..

587-589 New Jersey

589-593 Oregon....

593, 594 Utah....

594-596 Digest of recent foreign statistical publications.

597-606 Decisions of courts affecting labor.....

607-637 Laws of various States relating to labor, enacted since January 1, 1904 638-653 Cumulative index of labor laws and decisions relating thereto.....

655–661

III

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ITALIAN, SLAVIC, AND HUNGARIAN UNSKILLED IMMIGRANT

LABORERS IN THE UNITED STATES.

BY FRANK J. SHERIDAN.

The present article deals with the unskilled immigrant laborers of the Italian, Slavic, and Hungarian races, and undertakes to show how they have fitted themselves into the industrial life of the United States. A study has been made of the distribution of these laborers and their selection of certain States for especial industrial activity, the demand for their services, their wages, their methods and costs of living compared with American standards and costs of living, and their segregate system of living and employment and its effect upon them and upon their assimilation. The results of this study are presented in the following pages. · Although according to its title this study deals chiefly with unskilled immigrant laborers of the Italian, Slavic, and Hungarian races, yet, following the classification of the United States Bureau of Immigration and Naturalization, it includes some immigrants who are of the same grade and come from the same countries but belong to other races. Thus, under Slavs are included Hebrews from Eastern Europe, Roumanians, and others who, strictly speaking, are not of the Slavic

In the preliminary tables, dealing with all immigrants from Eastern and Southern Europe, Hebrews are included in the Slavic group, though their numbers are given separately. In the discussion and tables following the preliminary tables, and dealing with the "Italian, Slavic, and Hungarian unskilled immigrant laborers in the United States,” Hebrews are not included for the reason that they do not engage in the unskilled occupations on railroads and in mines,

race.

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