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PAGE 89.

which her own sculptor, Mr. Hart, would 1 All week he tends within his noisy mill.

treat with propriety and enthusiasm. There are those who, perhaps, will be

Page 157. struck with the novelty of a man devoting his Sabbaths to the pulpit, and his week

5 Thou, who beneath thine own Catawba vine. days to an occupation which would seem

There is no man to whom the West is to allow him but little time for study and

more indebted than to Mr. N. Longworth, meditation ; but, if they knew our rural

of Cincinnati. And chief among the districts better, they would probably call benefits which he has conferred must be to mind many originals of the picture regarded the introduction of the grapewhich I have attempted to draw. The culture. The country will yet acknowledge " local preacher," I believe, not only re- him to be the most effectual apostle of ceives no salary, but is generally one of

Temperance: for it is a remarkable fact the first persons called upon in cases of that the vineyard is the antagonist of the charity. It is with no intention to dis

still-house, and that in vine-growing counparage the ministerial profession that this

tries the curse of alcohol is not known. character is drawn: on the contrary, no one can hold in higher esteemn than I do,

Page 176. that valorous army of ill-rewarded men who nobly sacrifice all worldly consider- 6 And let thy stature shine above the world, ations for the amelioration of their fellows. A form of terror and of loveliness.

This passage was suggested by Powers's PAGE 103.

statue of “ America," '-one of the few The kingbird horers, darting on his prey

works worthy to become the property of a And takes the ventured argosy of sweets. nation.

PAGE 192. Since this passage was written, the supposed fact has become a disputed question. 7 Monte Testaccio, or “hill of broken Í shall be glad to find that I have done crockery,” rising as it does to the height this little marauder injustice.

of one hundred and sixty-five feet, out

of what was formerly a swamp, is one of PAGE 127.

the enigmas of Rome which have based 3 And much they talk

the antiquary. Its height commands a of news which lately, from the far-off West,

fine view of the city and surrounding Startled the calm community.

country. It is about forty-five hundred The time represented in this poem was

feet in circumference at the base. That it about the year 1832, at wbich period, as

is composed of one mass of broken earthenmany will remember, the “ backwoods

ware is well attested by the wine-vaults fever" was especially prevalent.

which perforate it on all sides, some to a

great depth. It is supposed by some antiPAGE 151.

quaries--and I think with great reason

to have been built of the refuse of the an4 Such was the realm of Boone, the pioneer, cient potteries established in this vicinity Whose statue, in the eternal nich of fame, Leans on his gleaming ritle.

by Tarquinius Priscus. Others pronounce

it to be the débris collected from the streets If it is not taking too much liberty, I of Rome in later centuries. That this would suggest that Kentucky might also curious mountain has not been added to or find a niche in her capitol for a statue of changed, and that it has been used as a the father of her State. It is a subject wine-magazine for hundreds of years, is




proved by the most ancient charts and rage and indignation, without his hat, maps of Rome. It is near the gate lead- his wig dishevelled and bloody from his ing to St. Paul's Church and to Ostia. The wounded hand, stood up in the cart and Pyramid of Caius Cestius and the Protest- called for a bowl of punch. It was quickly ant Cemetery lie between. In this latter handed to him,- when so vebement was are the tombs of Shelley and Keats. · his thirst that be drained it of its contents Monte Testaccio and its vicinity are espe- before he took it from his lips. cially gay with music, dancing, and merry- “It must be admitted, however, that making generally during the vintage the conduct of the populace was marked season. The costumes of the peasants, by a lenity which peculiarly distinguished the brilliant trappings of the wine-carts the cradle of our republicanism. Tar and and horses, make the scene attractive, not feathers had been dispensed with, and, exonly to the artist, but to all lovers of the cepting the injury he had received in his picturesque.

hand, no sort of violence was offered by the

mob to their victim.Graydon's Memoirs PAGE 193.

of his Oion Times. 8 Casale Rotondo, six miles beyond the

PAGE 255. Porte San Sebastiano, is the largest, and, with the exception of the Cæcilia Metella, 11 Oh, would some sweet bird of the South which it resembles, the best-preserved,

Might build in every cannon's mouth. monument of this ancient street of tombs.

This part of the poem was written six It is supposed to have been erected to

years ago [i.e., 1855] ; consequently the Messala Corvinus, the friend of Horace. passage was not suggested by the cannon On the summit of this immense sepulchre which " Disunion” bas since then pointed are a farm-house, a stable, and a small against the North. olive-orchard.

Page 258.
Page 228.

12 And, lo! he met their wondering eyes

Complete in all a warrior's guise. 9 Some relics, consisting of a piece of Penn's “ Treaty Elm," of the old frigate

“In concluding his farewell sermon, he " Alliance," and the halliards of the sloop

said that, in the language of Holy Writ, of-war “ Cumberland," wrought into ap

*there was a time for all things,-a time propriate form, were presented to President to preach, and a time to pray,-but those Lincoln by James E. Murdoch, Esq., and

times had passed away;' and then, in a this poem was written to accompany them.

voice that echoed like a trumpet-blast

through the church, he said that there PAGE 252.

was a time to fight, and that time had now

come.' Then, laying aside his sacerdotal 10 With horrid noise of horn and pan,

gown, he stood before his flock in the full Had borne in mockery up and down, The noisiest Tory of the town.

regimental dress of a Virginia colonel.

He ordered the drums to be beaten at the “ Among the disaffected in Philadelphia, church-door for recruits, and almost all his Dr. K- was pre-eminently ardent and male audience capable of bearing arms rash. An extremely zealous loyalist, and joined his standard.”Lossing's Sketch impetuous in his temper, he had given of the Life of General Muhlenberg. much umbrage to the Whigs, and, if I am not mistaken, he had been detected in

PAGE 262. some hostile machinations: hence he was deemed a proper subject for the fashion

13 He gained the river and the cave. able punishment of tarring, feathering, The cave referred to is not a creation of and carting. He was seized at his own the fancy, but exists in the vicinity indidoor by a party of militia, and, in an cated, and is the scene of more than one attempt to resist them, received a wound romantic legend. in his band from a bayonet. Being overpowered, he was placed in a cart provided

PAGE 264. for the purpose, and, amid a multitude

14 I watched the long, long ranks go by. of boys and idlers, paraded through the streets to the tune of the royal march. I “Washington, in order to encourage happened to be at the Coffee House when its friends and dishearten its enemies, the concourse arrived there. They made marched with the whole army through the a halt; when the doctor, foaming with | city down Front and up Chestnut Streets. Great pains were taken to make the dis- | Mrs. Lydia Darrach, the wife of William play as imposing as possible. To give Darrach (a teacher, dwelling in the house them something of a uniform appearance.

No. 177 South Second Street, corner of they had sprigs of green in their hats. Little Dock Street), was the cause of Washington rode at the head of his troops, saving Washington's army from great disattended by his numerous staff, with the aster while it lay at Whitemarsh in 1777. Marquis Lafayette by his side. The long The case was this. The adjutant-general column of the army, broken into divisions of the British army occupied a chamber and brigades, the pioneers with their axes, in that house, and came there by night the squadrons of horse, the extended to read the orders and plan of General trains of artillery, the tramp of steed, the Howe's meditated attack. She overheard bray of trumpet and spirit-stirring sound them when she was expected to have been of drum and fife,-all had an imposing asleep in bed; and, making a pretext to go effect on a peaceful city unused to the out to Frankford for four for family use, sight of marsballed armies. The disaf- under a pass, she met with Colonel Craig fected, who had been taught to believe the (who afterwards shot himself) and commuAmerican forces much less than they were nicated the whole to hiin, who immediately in reality, were astonished as they gazed rode off to General Washington to put him on the lengthening procession of a host on his guard. The next night, about midwbich to their unpractised eyes appeared night, the British army in great force, innumerable; while the Whigs, gaining marched silently out of Philadelphia. The fresh hope and animation from the sight, whole affair terminated in what was called, cheered the patriot squadrons as they I believe, the action of Edgehill, on the passed.”Irving's Life of Washington. 5th of December; and, on the 8th follow

ing, the British got back to the city, faPAGE 268.

tigued and disappointed. Lydia Darrach 15 The soft air felt the jar

and her husband were Friends. She comOf thunder rolling from afar.

municated all the particulars (more than All the chronicles agree in stating that

here expressed) to my friend Mrs. Hannah the cannonading at the battle of Brandy- small and weakly woman, she walked the

Haines, and others. Although she was a wine was distinctly heard at Philadelphia and its vicinity.

whole distance, going and coming, bringing with her-to

appearancesPAGE 275.

twenty-five pounds of flour, borne upon

the arms all the way from Frankford. 16 The vapor dank The adjutant-general afterwards came to Of morning hanging gray and blank.

her to inquire if it had been possible that A heavy fog enveloped Germantown on any of her family could have been up to the morning of the battle, which, listen and convey intelligence, since the gether with the smoke of the cannon and result had been so mysterious to him.”musketry," says Irving, “made it almost Watson's Annals. as dark as night."

A similar stratagem was planned to sur

prise Washington at Valley Forge; but, PAGE 277.

the fact being communicated in time, the 17 When Victory, with her thrusting hand,

enemy was foiled by the sudden and unThrough blinding foge, strove to consign

expected appearance of Lafayette and his Her laurel to the patriot band !

corps on the banks of the Schuylkill. "Every account confirms the opinion I

PAGE 287. at first entertained,—that our troops retreated at the instant when victory was

19 The Meschjanza at Philadelphia. (declaring herself in our favor. I can dis- “ The Meschianza was chiefly a tilt and cover no other cause for not improving tournament, with other entertainments, as this happy opportunity than the extreme the term implies, and was given on Monhaziness of the weather.”— Washington to day, the 18th of May, 1778, at Wharton's the President of Congress.

country-scat, in Southwark, by the officers

of General Howe's army, to that officer on PAGE 283.

his quitting the command to return to 18 Lydia Darrach's faithful word.


“The company began to assemble at “Mrs. Darrach's Conduct.-I hare very three or four o'clock, at Knight's Wharf, direct and certain evidence for saying that at the water's edge of Green Street, in the


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Northern Liberties; and by half-past four full gallop, shivered their spears. In the o'clock in the afternoon the whole were second and third encounter they discharged embarked, in the pleasant month of May, their pistols. In the fourth they fought in a 'grand regatia' of three divisions. with their swords.

• When arrived at the fort below the "From the garden they ascended a flight Swedes' Church, they formed line of steps covered with carpets, which led through an avenue of grenadiers and into a spacious hall, the panels of which light-horse in the rear.

The company

were painted in imitation of Sienna marwere thus conducted to a square lawn of ble, enclosing festoons of white marble. one hundred and fifty yards on each side, In this hall and the adjoining apartments and wbich was also lined with troops. were prepared tea, lemonade, &c., to which This area formed the ground for a tilt or the company seated themselves. At this tournament. On the front seat of each time the knigbts came in, and on their pavilion were placed seven of the princi- knee received their favors from their repal young ladies of the country, dressed spective ladies. From these apartments in Turkish habits, and wearing in their they went up to a ball-room, decorated in turbans the articles which they intended a light, elegant style of painting and showto bestow on their several gallant knights. ing many festoons of flowers. The brilSoon the trumpets at a distance announced liancy of the whole was heightened by the approach of the seven white knights, eighty-five mirrors decked with ribbons habit in white and red silk and mounted and towers, and in the intermediate spaces on gray chargers richly caparisoned in were thirty-four branches. On the same similar colors. These were followed by their foor were four drawing-rooms, with side. several esquires on foot. Besides these, 'boards of refreshments, decorated and there was a berald in his robe. These all lighted in the style of the ball-room. made the circuit of the square, saluting The ball was opened by the knights and the ladies as they passed, and then they their ladies; and the dances continued till ranged in line with their ladies; then, ten o'clock, when the windows were thrown their herald (Mr. Beaumont), after a four- , open, and a magnificent bouquet of rockets ish of trumpets, proclaimed their challenge began the fireworks. These were planned in the name of the knights of the blended by Captain Montresor, the chief engineer, rose,'— declaring that the ladies of their ! and consisted of twenty different displays, order excel, in wit, beauty, and accom- in great variety and beauty, and changing plishments, those of the whole world, and General Howe's arch into a variety of they are ready to enter the lists against shapes and devices. At twelve o'clock any knights who will deny the same, (midnight) supper was announced, and according to the laws of ancient chivalry. large folding doors, before concealed,

"At the third repetition of the chal- sprung open, and discovered a magnifilenge, a sound of trumpets announced the cent saloon of two hundred, and ten feet entrance of another herald with four by forty feet, and twenty-two feet in trumpeters dressed in black and orange. I height, with three alcoves on each side The two beralds held a parley, when the which served for sideboards. The sides black herald proceeded to proclaim bis de- / were painted with vine-leaves and festoonfiance in the name of the knights of the flowers, and fifty-six large pier-glasses, burning mountain.' Then retiriny, there ornamented with green silk, artificial soon after entered the black knights,' flowers, and ribbons. There were also with their esquires, preceded by their i one hundred branches trimmed, and eigbherald, on whose tunic wns represented teen lustres of twenty-four lights hung a mountain sending forth flames, and the from the ceiling. There were three bunmotto, I burn forever!'

dred wax tapers on the supper-tables, four “ These seven knights, like the former hundred and thirty covers, and twelve ones, rode round the lists and made their hundred dishes. There were twenty-four obeisance to the ladies, and then drew up. black slaves in Oriental dresses, with sil. fronting the white knights; and, the chief ver collars and bracelets. Toward the of these having thrown down his gauntlet, close of the banquet, the herald with his the chief of the black knights directed bis trumpeters entered and announced the esquire to take it up. Then the knights king and royal family's health, with otber received their lances from their esquires, toasts. Each toast was followed by a flourfixed their shields on their left arms, and, , ish of music. After the supper, the commaking a general salute to each other by pany returned to the ball-room, and cona movement of their lances, turned round tinued to dance until four o'clock in the to take their career, and, encountering in morning.

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“I omit to describe the two arches; but' gettlers of our country lived, and fearing they were greatly embellished : they had that the description of “ Berkley Hall” two fronts in the Tuscan order. The pedi- , might be thought overdrawn, the author ment of one was adorned with naval tro- again avails himself of the invaluable phies, and the other with military ones. Annals" of Watson to select a couple of

Major André, who wrote a description passages :of it (although his name is concealed), calls “ The Wharton Mansion, in Southwark, it 'the most splendid entertainment ever fronting the river, back from the present given by an army to its general.' The Navy-Yard, was a country-bouse of granwhole expense was borne by twenty-two deur in its day. It was of large dimenfield-officers. The managers were Sir John sions, with its lawns and trees, and, as a Wrotlesby, Colonel O'Hara, and Majors superior house, was chosen by the British Gardiner and Montresor. This splendid | officers of Howe's army for the celebration pageant blazed out in one short night. of the Meschianza. Wilton, the place once Next day the enchantment was dissolved; of Joseph Turner, down in the Neck, was and in exactly one month all these knights the nonpareil of its day. It was the fashand the whole army chose to make their ionable resort for genteel strangers. Every march from the city of Philadelphia." possible attention was paid to embellish

WATSON. ment, and the garden cultivation was suPAGE 293.

perior. The grounds had ornamented 20 There rose a tumult wild without.

clumps and ranges of trees. Many statues

of fine marble (sold from a Spanish prize) “While the British were indulging in were distributed through the grounds and the festivities of the night of the Meschi

The mansion-house and outanza, below the city, McLane was busy houses, still standing, show in some degree with a stratagem to break them up. He their former grandeur. The ceilings are had one hundred infantry, in four squads, high and covered with stucco-work, and supported by Clough's dragoons. At ten the halls are large." at night they had reached the abatis in Duché's House - This was one of the front of their redoubts, extending from most venerable-looking, antiquated houses the Schuylkill to the Globe Mill. These

of our city, built in 1758 for Parson divisions carried camp-kettles filled with Duché. the pastor of St. Peter's Church, combustibles, with which at the proper as a gift from his father. It was taken signal they fired the whole line of abatis. down a few years ago. It was said to The British beat the long roll, and their have been built after the pattern of one of alarm-guns were fired from river to river, the wings of La inbeth Palace. When first and were answered from the Park, in erected, it was considered quite out of Southwark. The ladies, however, were so town (corner of Third and Pine Streets), managed by the officers as to have taken and for some time rested in lonely grandeur. the cannonade for anything but the fact, It afterwards became the residence of Govand therefore continued the sports of the ernor McKean; and, when we saw it as night. But the officers in charge on the a boy, we derived from its contemplation lines understood thu nature of the assail- conceptions of the state and dignity of a ants, and gave pursuit and assault. He Governor which no subsequent structures retired to the hills and fistnesses of the could generate. It seemed the appropriate Wissahickon. After daylight the British residence of some notable public man." horse were in full force to pursue him, and finally took his picket and ensign at

Page 302. Barren Hill. McLane was afterwards

23 Brave Percy, when his charger stood attacked, and swam his horse across the

First on the field of Brandywine. Schuylkill, when some of Morgan's riflemen appeared to his protection. Ile then

“ Among the gayest of the gay, as a volturned upon his pursuers, driving thein in

unteer in the suite of one of the British turn into their lines near the city."

generals,--as tradition informs us,- was a WATSON.

sprightly and chivalrous descendant of the

Percys. He was a noble and generous Page 301.

youth, and had volunteered on the present

occasion as an amateur, to see how fields 21 Giving his daughter Berkley Hall

were won. As the young Percy came over And his blessing with the broud estate.

the brow of the hill, he was observed sudAs some may not be aware of the baro- denly to curb in his impatient steed, and nial style in which certain of the early | the gay smile upon bis lively features,

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