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F. A Dean, Sir ? no.: his Fortune is not made,
40 Go drench a Pick-pocket, and join the Mob.
But, Sir, I beg you (for the Love of Vice !)
50 May pinch ev'n there--why lay it on a King.
Ver. 39. Wretched Wild.) Jonathan Wild, a famous Thief, and Thief-Impeacher, who was at last caught in his own train and hanged. P.
VER. 42. for the love of Vice] We must consider the Poet as here directing his discourse to a follower of the new sys: tem of Politics, That private vices are public benefits. SCRIBL.
F. Stop ! stop!
P. Must Satire, then, nor rise nor fall? Speak out, and bid me blame no Rogues at all.
F. Yes, strike that Wild, I'll justify the blow.
P. Strike? why the man was hang’d ten years ago: Who now that obsolete Example fears? Ev'n Peter trembles only for his Ears.
F. What always Peter ? Peter thinks you mad,
P. As S---k, if he lives, will love the PRINCE.
P. Do I wrong the Man ?
Notes. Ver. 57. Ev’n Peter trembles only for his ears.] Peter had, the year before this, narrowly escaped the Pillory for forgery : and got off with a severe rebuke only from the bench. P.
VER. 65. Scarb'row Earl of; and Knight of the Garter, whose personal attachments to the King appeared from his fteddy adherence to the royal intereit, after his resignation of his great employment of Master of the Horse and whose known honour and virtue made him esteemed by all parties. P.
VER. 66. Efber's peaceful grove,] The house and gar.
The Scene, the Master, opening to my view,
Ev'n in a Bilhop I can spy Desert;
But does the Court a worthy Man remove?
dens of Esher in Syrry, belonging to the Honourable Mr. Pelham, Brother of the Duke of Newcastle. The author could not have given a more amiable idea of his Character than in comparing him to Mr. Craggs. P.
VER. 67. Kent and Nature] Means no more than art and nature. And in this consists the compliment to the Artist.
Ver. 71. Secker is decent] These words (like those y 135. of the first Dialogue) are another instance of the mafignity of the public judgment. The Poet thought, and not without reason, that they conveyed a very high idea of the worthy person to whom they are applied; to be DECENT (or to become every itation of life in which a man is placed) being the noblest encomium on his wisdom and virtue. It is the very topic he employs in speaking of a favourite friend, one he most esteemed and loved,
Noble and young, who frikes the heart,
With ev'ry Sprightly, ev'ry DECENT part. The word in both places implying every endowment of the heart. As in that celebrated verse of Horace, from whence the expression was taken, aud which no one has a better right to apply to himself than this excellent prelate :
Quid verum atque DECENS curo et rogo; et omnis in hoc fum. So that to be decent is to excell in the moral character.
I shun his Zenith, court his mild Decline;
NOTES. VER. 77. Sommers) John Lord Sommers died in 1716. He had been Lord Keeper in the reign of William III. who took from him the seals in 1700. The author had the honour of knowing him in 1706. A faithful, able, and incorrupt minister; who, to the qualities of a consummate statesman, added those of a man of Learning and Politeness. P.
Ibid Halifax] A peer, no less distinguished by his love of letters than his abilities in Parliament. He was disgraced in 1710, on the Change of Q. Anne's ministry. P.
VER. 79. 'Shrewsbury,] Charles Talbot, Duke of Shrewsbury, had been Secretary of fate, Embassador in France, Lord Lieutenant of Ireland, Lord Chamberlain, and Lord Treasurer. He several times quitted his employments, and was often recalled. He died in 1718. P.
Ver. 80. Carleton] Hen. Boyle, Lord Carleton (nephew of the famous Robert Boyle) who was Secretary of Itate under William III. and Prelident of the Council under Q. Anne, P.
Ibid. Stanhope] James Earl Stanhope. A Nobleman of equal courage, fpirit, and learning. General in Spain, and Secretary of itate. P.
How can I PULT'NEY, CHESTERFIELD forget,
And if yet higher the proud List should end,
Yet think not, Friendship only prompts my lays ; I follow Virtue; where she shines, I praise :
95 Point she to Priest or Elder, Whig or Tory, Or round a Quaker's Beaver cast a Glory.
Notes. Ver. 84. Chesterfield] Philip Earl of Chesterfield, commonly given by Writers of all Parties for an EXAMPLE to the Age he lives in, of fuperior talents, and public Virtue.
-Ver. 88. Wyndham] Sir William Wyndham, Chancellor of the Exchequer under Queen Anne, made early a considerable figure; but since a much greater both by his ability and eloquence, joined with the utmoft judgment and temper. P.
Ver. 92. And if yet higher, etc.] He was at this time honoured with the esteem and favour of his Royal Highness the Prince.
Ver. 93. Still let me say! No Follower, but a Friend.] i. e. Unrelated to their parties, and attached only to their persons.