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severe. There are writers, who, even when There is much in habit. The people of they err, should be treated with respect, be- America have been accustomed to find cause they continue to be gentlemen in their Roman Catholics treated in the manner that manner, though their matter might be cen- you have treated us. But, sirs, if I were to surable; but when the manner is that of an write of Protestants as you have written of outrageous gladiator, who, in his unre- Catholics, would any vituperation be consistrained fury rushes to destroy and insult dered too gross. You deserve worse treatwith ribald 'slander the object of his hate; ment than you have received. I have been such a drawcansir is supposed to have none too lenient, too sparing: But should it be of those feelings which, if existing in him- necessary for me to take you up again, do self, he would respect in others.

not calculate upon much forbearance. I No man of correct feeling would stuff his stand in America upon an equality of right article with phrases like the following with you: and though I have against me vast “ Dangerous Popish tenets ;"> “ Papists incon- prejudice, for which the people of America sistent with their profession;" " Papists better are not to blame: I have to contend in prethan their profession;"' “ Papists having no sence of a discerning, intelligent, patient, idea of all the ENORMOUS CORRUPTIONs of the investigating people, who love truth and faith they acknowledge;"> “The Roman will neither strike me down by the hand of Catholic Church is of its own nature a PER- power, nor drown my voice in clamour. SECUTING CHURCH;" “ In the Romish Church They are not like the British Parliament, the more consistent she is with herself, the who put the lock of the law upon the mouth more of the spirit of persecution will she of truth. manifest;" “The Romish Church abstains You complain of my personality. First, from persecution only from want of power, I believed that writers like you did not deor want of Roman Catholic faith!!!!! « The serve to have your feelings so very sacredly persecutions of the RoMish Church have protected after having outraged, and wanexceeded in MALIGNITY, CRUELTY, perseve-tonly outraged the feelings of your unoffendrance, extension and continuance, not only ing fellow-citizens. Secondly, I feel too those of all other sects, but even the anti- deep a respect, too high a regard, too sinCHRISTIAN violence of the HEATHENS;" cere an attachment towards a great number Horrible MASSACRES, extensive and EXTER- of very respectable members of the Church MINATING, are perfectly consistent with Ro- to which you say you belong, to wound man Catholic doctrine;"! " Horrible massacre their sensibility by identifying you and and extermination of Protestants, must be justi- them. fied by every consistent member of the Ro Their religion does not urge to such a mish Church ;“Shocking as this is, it course as you have chosen; their charity AROSE UNDOUBTEDLY from the Romish faith ;" would protect me from your dagger; their “The Pope was consistent in his SAVAGE patriotism would save me from your proCONDUCT;'

;** “Savage conduct is consistent scription; their candour would disclaim with the tenets of his infallible Church.” any connexion with your misrepresentaHere is a pretty collection of phrases in an tions; their information would detect your article of not two octavo pages. And this historic falsehoods. Some of them are the man complains of gross writing!!!

descendants of those very men whose Besides this pretty and becoming collec- massacre you would charge upon me, a tion, he compares the Irish Catholics to century before my birth. Your malice

WRETCHED CRIMINALS banished” from their would'sow between us a deadly hate, country: TRAITOROUS CONSPIRATORS against which, if we permitted to grow, would their country." He denounces the Ameri- poison the air by which we are surrounded. can Catholics to their fellow-citizens, as Whilst we take each other by the hand, opposed to the spirit of toleration;" as op- and lament our difference of creed, we posed to republican institutions ;" as hypocrites unite in charity and affection; we trample whose “FEARS occasion their not inculca- upon your unholy cultivation, and whilst I ting in this country doctrines, which, how- blame and condemn the cruelty of the ever, they believe;" as "hiding in America French court towards their ancestors, their doctrines which they cannot deny." He de- kindness soothes down much of that irritanounces us, as villanous conspirators of the tion which the British cruelty has created in worst description," waiting only till the me. They tell me, and I agree with them, Romish Church shall be sufficiently power that it is better to weep over the faults of ful in this country to seize torches to burn those, who, professing each creed unholily, the Protestants, and scourges to persecute persecuted those who professed the other : them.” And this man expects to be treated and taught by the unfortunate sequel of this with courtesy !!!

double crime, we shall endeavour to make

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America more rational, more charitable, Wm. Hawley and his associates the unformore flourishing than Europe was. Neither tunate article which I have reviewed. will molest the other for the profession of a I am happy to subscribe myself, sirs, in different creed. Neither will charge upon wishing you adieu, the church of the other, the crimes of the

Yours, devotedly, individuals who might be in that church,

Á CATHOLIC CLERGYMAN. and therefore I charge not upon the Protes

A native of Ireland. tant Episcopal Church, but upon the Rev. Charleston, S. C., March 1, 1825.

A SERIES OF CONTROVERSIAL PIECES ON SEVERAL

CATHOLIC DOCTRINES:

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[The controversy with the "Mount Zion Missionary," occasioned by some strictures of the editor upon a sermon of Dr. England, preached at Warrenton, Ga., April 5th, 1824, appeared in the “United States Catholic Miscellany," Vols. II., III., and IV., for 1824-5, and 6.)

per to make.

SECTION I.

he or those who heard him

may think

proThe following article is copied from a Georgia paper called the Missionary, and is tioned the embarrassment under which he

After an introduction in which he menits leading paragraph for April 12. The name of the place of publication is Mount appeared, as an advocate of a religion Zion.

against which the prejudices of the commu

nity were enlisted—as the minister of a We shall always act towards others, as

church whose tenets had been grossly miswe would they should act towards us. Our readers shall have from the authors them- represented—of a church the doctrines of

which were but little understood in this selves the sentiments upon which we shall make comments.

country, but which he was assured from the We complain of misrepresentation, we and established on the only sure foundation,

convictions of his own judgment were pure, shall not misrepresent.-Miscellany.

-he observed, that the Roman Catholic was “Dr. ENGLAND.

a persecuted religion—that we had not the

means of knowing its principles-that the “ Rarely has a pulpit orator received such books which are dispersed among us, from encomiums as have been bestowed upon which our information is derived with rethis Roman Catholic Bishop. Many have spect to the Catholic Church, are replete heard him and acknowledged his powers. with falsehoods -- that they were forged That he has a popular address and talents across the Atlantic and palmed upon the considerably above mediocrity cannot be world by the very persons who had persedenied. For without these he could not cutéd them there, that they might have command the attention of an enlightened some excuse for their cruelty; that if their community, who are not, to say the least, tenets were such as were represented in prejudiced in favour of the Catholic reli- these books, he would abjure the faith of his gion. We shall suspend our opinion of his church—that the Roman Catholics were sentiments, till we give an abstract of the persecuted by the first settlers of this stateonly sermon which we have ever heard him that the principles of toleration were undeliver-it was on Monday last, at the known here till after the Declaration of Inopening of court at Warrenton. As we rely dependence—that even since that time the upon our memory alone, we shall not pre- prejudices of the community against them tend to draw all the lineaments of this dis- had abated but little—that though the numcourse with an accurate pencil, and we ber of members attached to his church was would crave his indulgence for the unfi- exceedingly limited in the United States, nished and mutilated manner in which we yet as a body throughout the world, they shall present it, promising, at the same time, always were a vast majority of professed to submit to any corrections which either I believers; that at no period within a num

ber of centuries have they been less than utterly condemned the measure, because it one hundred and fifty millions—that at the did not allow the accused to confront the present time their number exceeds one hun- accuser. dred and eighty millions, and are found in Another objection. The Roman Catholics every part of the world—that their church are accused of granting indulgences to comhad existed in its present form for eighteen mit sin for a stipulated sum paid to the hundred years, and that it pointed out the priest. This he affirmed was never a docway in which, according to the deepest con- trine of his church. What connexion, he victions of his own soul, he ought to wor- asked, can there be between giving money ship the God of his fathers.

to a priest and the pardon of sin? Man, Touching the misrepresentations which he said, could not grant a permission to sin, had been made of his church, he observed, nor even God himself, because it would be that they were accused of being hostile to contrary to the sanctity of his nature. It republican institutions. This charge he de- carried on its very front too much absurdity nied, and adduced the Republic of Venice, to gain credit. Society would never have several Italian states, San Marino several of existed if such a doctrine had prevailed. the Catholic states of Germany, and the For every person could then, with perfect Swiss cantons, as examples of republics impunity, by paying a small stipend, plunge that owed their origin to Catholics. Recur- a dagger into the bosom of his neighbour ring to our own history, he observed that in neither the person nor the property of any the first settlement of this country, the Puri- would be safe. As the greatest statesmen tans of New England persecuted all but and jurists that the world has ever produced Puritans, and the High Church of Virginia, have been Catholics, it was the supremacy all but the members of the church, while of folly to suppose that they would sanction Catholic Maryland alone manifested a spirit any such doctrine. of toleration. In further proof he mentioned With respect to the principles of his the venerable Charles Carroll, one of the church, he observed, that they held but one, signers of the Declaration of Independence, and that was doing what God told them to a Catholic who pledged a million of dollars do. This principle he divided into three on the issue. The religion of his church, branches. God has told us to believe-we he said, was compatible with all kinds of believe. God has told us to practise-we government, that was left entirely with practise. God has told us to adhere to cerman, but matters of faith rested upon the tain ordinances—we adhere to them. Reauthority of God.

ligion is not a matter of opinion but of faith. But the Inquisition is a part of the Papal But how do we know that God has spoken system. This he also denied, and argued to man? By a miracle ? What is a miracle? that if it were, it would have existed That which is contrary to the common opewherever the Roman Catholic was the pre- rations of nature, and which none but God *vailing system. That in no Catholic coun can effect. When something is done which tries was the Inquisition established, with no created being can do, we know God is the exception of Spain, Portugal, Burgundy, there. But we cannot comprehend a miraand in a few other small states—that the cle. We believe a million of things which church had existed for twelve centuries be- we cannot comprehend. I speak, I cannot fore the Inquisition—that it was a civil tell how—it is a mystery to me. You hear, enactment which had no more connexion I cannot tell how. I raise my arm and crook with their religion than the penal code of my finger–I cannot tell how. The sun any other country has with its religion, shines, the grass grows, fishes live in the that it owed its origin to the civil state of the sea, all is a mystery which no philosopher society, the Moors becoming so base that has ever been able to explain. But how do they would not testify against each other, we know that God has spoken to man, or and to prevent a recurrence of the injury that a miracle has been performed By which had been sustained in consequence competent witnesses, witnesses who had no of their ravages, it was resolved to punish interest to deceive, and who could not des the principle wherever they could find it, in- ceive even if they had an interest in it. On ferring from the principle the overt act—that the testimony of these witnesses we believe. clergymen were selected as the most proper Now if the Scriptures were true eight or ten persons to test the principle—that they ex- centuries ago, they are true now. Every ercised their office with the greatest lenity syllable of the Scriptures we believe to be in accordance with the laws—that though the word of God. But two men may read the Inquisition had existed in Catholic coun- the same passage of Scripture and each give tries, nothing appeared from its history that a different interpretation to it. They cannot it formed any part of their religion—that he both be right, and they may both be wrong.

Now who is to decide? There must be an with the ecclesiastical—so that the Pope is umpire, and that is the province of the not only a spiritual pastor, but a temporal Church, the collected wisdom of the bishops prince. who deliberate upon it, and their ultimate 5. That ecclesiastics are not subject in decision, must give the true interpretation. any respect to the laws of temporal princes. What the majority of the bishops determine 6. The election of pastors they consider to be the doctrines of Scripture or the ordi- as belonging to bishops, but especially to nances of God, we are bound to adhere to the Pope-so that no one is acknowledged as infallible.

who has not been ordained by them to office. In giving the foregoing abstract we are 7. That the Pope is subject to no human not conscious of having misrepresented any tribunal—that he is superior to councils, of his positions, yet we are fully sensible and that he is infallible in the exercise of that the force and symmetry and connexion his authority. of the discourse are by no means preserved. 8. That the sacred Scripture owes its auIf they are a persecuted people we wish thority to the Church (i. e. the Pope,) withnot to be the persecutors. "If we have la- out whose testimony we should be no more boured, in common with other Protestants, bound to receive it than Livy or the Koran. under prejudices without foundation, we 9. That the Church has a right to depray that they may be removed by the light termine what are the articles of faith which of truth. In the remarks which we shall should be believed. subjoin, we would not intentionally throw a 10. The decisions of the Pope in matters straw in the way of those who are following of faith are infallible, for he cannot err. in the path of our Saviour. While it be 11. He is the interpreter of Scripture, and comes the Christian to overlook minor dif- the arbiter of all controversies which may ferences, yet there are principles so radically arise. erroneous that he cannot acquit his con 12. No one of the laity is permitted to science without bearing his testimony read the sacred Scriptures unless he shall against them.

have obtained leave of the bishop. The Our means of becoming acquainted with reason which they assign for this is their the Roman Catholic religion are not so obscurity. limited as the learned bishop may suppose. 13. Knowledge is, therefore, excluded We have Catholic as well as Protestant from being the foundation of faith, and igbooks we have books too which have norance is considered as having a better been written by persons who professedly title to be connected with faith. maintained no greater interest for the one 14. Implicit faith is highly recommended. than the other. We have records of facts 15. They define faith to be a general aswhich nothing but the greatest incredulity sent to all things revealed by God and procan discredit. We have books published in posed to us by the Church, written or unCatholic countries which the ecclesiastical written. authority has condemned, and books on 16. They maintain that there is no neceswhich no censure has been passed. We, sity of translating the Scriptures into other therefore, cannot want the means of in- than the Latin tongue, which was conseformation necessary to become acquainted crated on the cross. with the principles and character of the 17. They assert that the sacred Scriptures Roman Catholic Church. From a critical are imperfect, and do not contain all things examination of all the sources from which necessary to faith and practice, which deinformation with respect to that church is fect is supplied by traditions preserved in derived, the following appear to be doctrines the Romish Church. which have been peculiarly favourable to 18. That there is no need of any arguits existence and power.

ment besides tradition; so that all the inno1. That the government of the Church is vations which they have made in the wormonarchical, and that the shops of Rome ship of God are upported by having reare invested with supreme power over all course to traditions. churches and over all ecclesiastics.

We will pass over the doctrine of absolu2. That the Pope possesses temporal tion with all its appendages, and the works power over all the goods and possessions of supererogation which are made up of the of all Christians, to dispose of them as he superabundant sufferings of Christ and his pleases, even to the transferring kingdoms saints, a vast treasury of which the Pope from one to another.

has at his disposal, lest we may mistake 3. That the laws of the Pope are obliga- them as applying to the doctrine of intory, and bind the consciences of all men. dulgences, as it is commonly understood

4. That the civil power ought to be united among Protestants. If the above have been

the doctrines of the Church (and what has them others, among whom was the Spaniard been is now, for the Church is infallible,) Dominic, founder of the order of Dominicwe find many things which it is impossible ans. And if they did not inflict capital for us to reconcile with the word of God. punishment upon any of those whom they How is it that Christ said his kingdom was could not convert by exhortations and argunot of this world, and yet the vice-regent of ments, we know not what credit can be atChrist exercises a temporal power? How is tached to any ecclesiastical history. In it that the doctrine of traditions is condemned common parlance they were called Inquisiby Christ, and yet the successors of Christ tors, and from them the formidable and built their faith upon them? How is it that odious tribunal called the Inquisition, dethe Church is infallible when one council rived its origin. Inquisitors were placed in and one Pope has reversed the decrees of almost every city where there were any another? What logic is that by which the suspected of heresy, even before the Counauthority of the Pope is proved from the cil of Toulouse in 1229, at which Romanus, Scriptures, and the Scriptures from the au- Cardinal of St. Angelo and Pope's legate, thority of the Pope? We know not but that presided, where it was decreed that there the Catholic religion is compatible with should be a Council of Inquisitors in every every form of government, but it is a matter city, consisting of one priest and three layof fact that the Popes have claimed a do- men. But this was superseded by Pope minion over the civil power of all govern- Gregory IX. in 1233, who entrusted the ments. That even the Senate of Venice, Dominicans with the important commission when they suppressed by an edict, in 1767, of discovering and bringing to judgment the the Inquisition in all the smaller towns, and heretics that were lurking in France. This reduced their power to a shadow in larger is the period from which the full establishcities, and extended the liberty of the press, ment of the Inquisition may be dated. And they did it in steady opposition to the re- although it may be a civil enactment, it peated remonstrances of the Court of Rome. owed its origin to the Romish Church, and The Roman Catholic religion may be com- it has received the sanction of most, if not patible with a republican form of govern- all the Holinesses to the present day. What ment, provided the temporal and spiritual must we think of those who founded this supremacy of the Pope is acknowledged. horrible institution ? Ah! and what must For if they once possessed a divine right we think of those who have supported it? over kingdoms, they must possess it still — If it was not established by the Popes, who if they have once claimed temporal as well established it? They have sanctioned itas spiritual supremacy, they must always that is enough. claim it, or the doctrine of infallibility must We turn now to the doctrine of indul fall.

gences. Did we understand the bishop With respect to the Inquisition, if one when he said this was never a doctrine of hundredth part of what is said of it be true, his church? Does he deny that the traffic it must receive the execration of every in- of indulgences was begun by the bishops in dividual who has the least feeling of hu- the twelfth century, and afterwards monomanity. But we are told that it forms no polized by the Popes? Did they not publish part of the Catholic religion, that it is a a plenary remission of all the temporal pains mere civil enactment, that has no more and penalties which the church had anconnexion with Papacy than the penal code nexed to certain transgressions, when their of this state has with its religion. For argu- coffers wanted replenishing? Did they not ment's sake we will admit it. But we must go further, and usurp the authority which be permitted to revert to its origin, and the belongs to God alone, by impiously premeans by which this ghostly engine has tending to abolish even the punishments been supported. Under the protection of which are reserved in a future state for the Raymond VI., Earl of Toulouse, the dissent- workers of iniquity? If we rested these ers from the Church of Rome increased ra- facts on Protestant history alone, they might pidly in Narbonne, Gaul, and the countries be objected to as interested and calumnious adjacent. Pope Innocent III. informed of testimony. But Catholic writers mention it their success, in the beginning of the thir- as well as Protestant. It seems to us, thereteenth century, commissioned Ranier and fore, too notorious to be denied. If the Pierre de Castelneau, and sent them as Church of Rome has been corrupt, let her legates extraordinary into the southern parts ministers confess it. It will not add to her of France, to perforin the benevolent work glory to attempt to throw a flimsy veil over of extirpating heresy, without regard to the her past deformities-nor will it entitle them means by which it should be effected. These to any more credit on other points which spiritual champions soon associated with they may wish to establish. Her spotless

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