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of those institutions, a word of description the young gentlemen and ladies who were may be necessary.

to prop the Protestant ascendency in Ireland, It is more than a century since the con- betimes, with a holy hatred of Popery, and viction was impressed upon the rulers of to give its full tint to the Orange hue, with that country, that neither by persuasion nor which it was deemed right to imbue them. persecution could they succeed in changing To create horror and detestation of their the religion of the Irish people; means Popish neighbours in the minds of those were therefore devised to provide for the children of the Church and State, was the gradual increase of Protestants by an exten- great end for which the publication was set sive system of lures and baits to the more forth; and indeed it is well calculated to grown, and of education for the younger procure this end. Was such the object of Papists as they were called. Schools were its republication at this side of the Atlantic? established in various places under the Is it possible that such is the end desired to charge of a large chartered society, who be here attained ? I should hope not. received copious funds from the public But let us see how the object was to be purse and by private donations. The children compassed. In the first place, by that pride of the poor Papists were received into with which the little chartered Orangeist is those schools, their names changed, and at all times taught to elevate itself above transfers made of the new scions of the nearly two hundred millions of its fellownew Church from one part of the island to beings, amongst whom are to be found the another, so that the tiē of kindred should great bulk of the best and wisest of the be forgotten, lest those dearly purchased human race, in the ratio of their numbers. converts should be, when released from P. 1. A. 3. Í THANK God, I am a Protestant. their bondage, seduced to relapse into But it would not be right to allow this to Popery; after having been fed and taught pass without a reference; and as the words and clothed, during some years, they were are not to be found in the sacred volume, a bound apprentices to Protestant freemen in parallel will answer. God, I THANK THEE, cities and towns corporate, and thus admit- that I am not as other men are, extortioners, ted to the enjoyment of franchises to which unjust, and adulterous, or even as this publican. Catholics could never attain. Generally, (Luke, xviii. 11.) See also p. 17. they could not trace their kindred, but more 92. Q. What think you of those who live in than once has the evidence shocked even the most debased of those degraded, that

the communion of so corrupt a church?

A. That they are under a most griev. they were living, as in matrimony, with their mothers or their sisters. Another

ous bondage; and therefore I heartily portion of those freemen arose from the

pity them, and pray for their conversion. foundlings of Hospitals, and not unfrequently Besides which, in Q. 29, it despises our were the children of those latter institutions, conduct. With a mind thus prepared by the offspring of unknown and unmarried pride and mockery of piety, and contempt, parents brigaded into the Charter Schools; the little creature is brought to view as our whilst a third supply was furnished from doctrine the mass of mistakes, misrepresen. the Charity Schools of the corporations tations, inconsistencies, contradictions, and themselves. The children thus educated historical blunders, of which the compilation not only form the great bulk of the poorer is made up. In the fourth question a proProtestant population of the cities and towns testation is made against the Errors of the corporate in Ireland, but several of them Roman Catholic religion, which phrase the have by their creditable industry risen to American editor has substituted for Popery" opulence, and many of the Irish Knights in the original! In Q. 8, it is taught that and Baronets, and not a few of the modern our conduct is not only UNREASONABLE, but Peers are in the persons of their fathers or EXCEEDINGLY WICKED. În Q. and A. 22, the grandfathers indebted to those institutions. little creature is told that our church is ExThe walls of St. Stephen's chapel re-echo TREMELY CORRUPT in doctrine, worship, and to the harangues of some Senators of this practice. In Q. and A. 24, we are proved to description, whilst the O'Conor Don, whose it to be guilty of PRESUMPTION AND UNCHARIancestors swayed the sceptre of the island TABLENESS. In Q. 26, we have CORRUPTED for centuries, cannot, because of his creed, the purity and perfection of religion. In Q. be admitted within that sanctuary whence, 30, we are exhibited as not to be bound in too, the British Howards and Talbots are allegiance by our oaths; we are faith-breakers, excluded.

and persecutors, and perjurers. In QQ. 34, 35, The Catechism which has been published and 36, as endeavouring to root out all who by the ladies under your auspices, was com- differ from us by FIRE AND SWORD: our religion piled for those Charter Schools, to inspire is said to countenance and COMMAND

MURDER, MASSACRE, and PERSECUTION, and to the sanction of their Bishop, should have be ABHORRED BY ALL GOOD MEN, AS CON- published against their unoffending fellowTRARY TO TRUE RELIGION.

citizens such a book as this. Do not take Allow me, Right Reverend Sir, to pause it amiss, that I endeavour to break through for a moment. Do, I entreat of you, give that custom, and use my humble efforts to yourself the pain to look over my last para- bring up your own good feelings to restrain graph. Do not turn from the expressions you, henceforth, from such unbecoming which are taken from a book published by phraseology. your own authority as descriptive of my re In Q. 66 we are again betrayed into ligion. I know you have a heart of sensi- IDOLATRY; and in 78 we are indulged with bility, and can feel for others: it is, therefore, LEAVE to sin for many years, nay during our I press you to look at those expressions, and whole life ; licenses for sin are PUBLICLY SOLD ask, what would you feel if the Roman FOR MONEY in our church, and sinners are Catholics of this city should so describe allowed to get other persons to do penance for your religion? Think you not that they them. In 83 we are sỤPERSTITIOus in our have feelings as keen as yours? What distinction of meats, as in 47 we were guilty have they done to provoke you? I am no of groundless superstition, which gives occaenemy of yours; my feelings towards you sion to FRAUD and IMPOSTURE; and in 48 our are kind and respectful; and it is because I frequent crossings were vain and superbelieve you to be possessed of a good heart, stitious, we idolatrously worshipped a cross, I am convinced that the most effectual mode and prayed to a cross, which was GROSS AND of creating in you a determination to comply INTOLERABLE CORRUPTION. In 49 we are with my request, is to show you the wounds guilty of a practice inconsistent with reason; which you have unnecessarily inflicted. in 50 we violate the scriptural injunction, Upon this ground I shall continue, and ex. and ARE MAD; in 52 we administer baptism hibit some other complimentary phrases of with many superstitious ceremonies, and in 53 the Catechism.

we violate the express command of Christ In Q. 38 we are told, in the usual manner, in the administration of the Eucharist. We that our doctrines are contrary to the Scripture: have the marks of those who depart from in Q. 39 that our practice is sinful, and is the faith; we have destroyed the moral use DIRECT IDOLATRY: in Q. 42 that it is Down- of fasting, by teaching that luxury and RIGHT IDOLATRY: in 45 and 46 that, because drunkenness are not only lawful, but conwe are sensible of our practice being CONTRARY sistent with fasting itself; we promote superto the second commandment, we omit that pre- stition and idolatry by pilgrimages, and cept, and split the tenth' into two, to make teach that persons may be delivered from up the number. I ask you, sir, if this charge purgatory for money, for which we sell the were true, would we not be the most nefarious prayers of the church. Our doctrine offends criminals, who, being sensible of the contra- the purity and holiness of God, dishonours diction of our conduct to the divine law, Christ, nourishes spiritual pride in some, would rather maliciously pervert the law than and ENCOURAGETH ALL MANNER OF amend our conduct?-Is it charitable to im- VICE in others. pute such motives to us for an act where all Allow me to ask, is this the manner in the evidence of the early church is in favour which you describe the religion of thouof our practice, and where the sense which sands of your fellow-citizens in Charleston ? our opponents would give to what they call Is this the character of the religion of the sura commandment, would exhibit God as con- viving father of your country, the venerable tradicting himself? But, sir, I interrupt my Charles Carroll of Carrolton? Is this the progress. In Q. 65 we are exhibited as con- true expression of that faith which Xavier iradicting reason—as in 63 we contradict the spread through India and Fenelon preached

After contradicting God's law, our in France ?—No, worse than this, you say, own senses and reason, what is to be the for the greatest errors and the worst corrupestimate of our character, especially when tions still remain. we are sensible of the criminality of our con- 91. Q. Can you name any other errors and duct, and deliberate in our delinquency! corruptions of the Church of Rome? Was any body of people ever more insulted A. Several others might be named, than we are by the use of such language as but those already mentioned are abunthis? I am aware, sir, why gentlemen and dantly sufficient, to show that the ladies are not immediately shocked at such Church of Rome hath, in a great meaexpressions. There is an old observation, sure, changed the pure and holy rethat custom reconciles." No other cause ligion of Christ into a most wretched could have produced the phenomenon that and dangerous superstition. the most polished ladies in America, with 93. Q. What do you think then of those


who separate themselves from the ton certainly is: in the purity of the ProtestChurch of Rome? May they do it ant I find the defence of the Catholic. She lawfully?

forgets the protection of her own character A. They not only may, but are in- when she assails the virtues of the Nun. dispensably obliged by God's com But at, sir, shall I say to you? You! mands to renounce all such IDOLATROUS a Bishop! Have you ever known a Friar? WORSHIP AND SINFUL PRACTICES, and may Have you ever seen a Nun? Do you know rest assured of his favour in so doing a delinquent of either order? Upon what “Come out from among them, and be evidence do you condemn? I have known ye separate, and touch not THE UN- very many of both orders, and though I CLEAN THING; and I will receive have known hundreds of the most truly you, and ye shall be my sons and my religious men of the one description, the daughters, saith the Lord Almighty." number was very small indeed of whom (2. Cor. vi. 17.)

even suspicion whispered; and of the other This indeed is truly the language of the sex, amongst hundreds and hundreds, not embryo Irish corporators; this is the decla- even the voice of calumny ever, to my mation of the aspirant to Orange celebrity knowledge, gave even one name to rumour. in that land which God has blessed and It is a delicate subject, not because of the man has cursed. But shall this be the lan- semblance of truth in the foul insinuation, guage of the free and enlightened, of the but because of the nature of the subject itliberal American? Shall this be the first self. I repeat, sir, what I have before writlesson of religion which the amiable matron ten.—Your Church teaches a high morality, of Carolina is to teach her lisping child? But I would state that upon the topic of And is this tissue of foul abuse to be taught which we now treat, I could, if driven to by the recommendation of the venerable the necessity of proof, take the British Bishop Bowen ?-With you, sir, it remains newspapers for the last twenty years, and to solve that question.

leave to you all the other special proofs In closing this series of letters, sir, I am which you could collect from the whole overwhelmed with shame: I have avoided Catholic world, and notwithstanding the as long as I could what yet remains, and vast disparity of numbers between the marwhat nothing but a strong sense of duty ried and the unmarried clergy, I would compels me even now to approach. Did abide the issue of bringing case for case. you, sir, advise the ladies of Charleston to But God forbid, sir, that I should ever find teach their children in the following words? the cause of my religion so bad as to be 32. Q. What do you think of the obligation obliged to grope in the sewers of your which the clergy and all the nuns and Church to drag for the vindication of

my friars, and others of the Church of own. When I look to your religion, sir, I Rome, are under not to marry? look to its tenets and not to its offscoutings,

A. It is so far from being commanded and neither your Church nor mine teaches by God, that forbidding to marry (1 Tim. immorality, nor does either encourage it; iv. 3) is set down as one of the marks though reprobates are to be found in the of them who departed from the faith; society, and perhaps in the ministry of each. and is often found to be a dreadful Sir, I have done—my object was to show snare to the conscience, and an inlet you the impropriety of placing in the hands to the most abominable wickedness.

of children, as a book of religious instrucI have with feelings which I shall not de- tion, a work which contains so many misscribe read ten times over, the names of representations, inconsistencies, contradicthe ladies on your list of subscribers, and tions, historical untruths, foul insinuations, asked whether it was possible they could and (so much] vulgar abuse of the great have published this. They are modest and body of the Church of the Christian world ; pure. There are at least ten virtuous wo- and having done so I leave it to you, and men, unmarried and considerably discreet, to the ladies who sent out this work, to act upon that list. Did they reflect upon the according to your own impressions. To abominable retort, to which they expose me, sir, it was a painful and trying task. themselves? To their honour, to their As I began with feelings of charity and revirtue, to their experience I commit the spect, so I conclude, and again beg leave to defence of the useful, virtuous and religious apologize and to retract if any unkind or diswomen whom this shameful and wicked respectful expression has escaped from my paragraph traduces. Other aged ladies may pen. I remain, be as pure in body and in mind as an unmar

Right Reverend Sir, ried, aged member of the Female Episcopal,

Yours, &c., B. C. Bible, Prayer-book and Tract Society of Charles Charleston, S. C., Oct. 14th, 1828.








THE AUTHOR'S PREFACE TO THE READER. It can scarcely be necessary to say more than is expressed by the title-page, and is found in the following letters, to explain their cause.

A little libel on the Catholic religion, miscalled a Catechism, was published in Charleston. B. C. undertook to show that it was a misrepresentation, and requested of Bishop Bowen to have it withdrawn: that prelate probably felt, as did several other highly respectable Protestants, that it was a scandalous little book, which did not express their convictions or feelings. The book was withdrawn. Here all might have rested in charity; but a writer, “Protestant Catholic,” under. took to prove the truth of the little libel. B. C. felt this to be an aggression on himself, as well as on truth, and in the midst of many heavy duties, found himself called upon for a defence, for which purpose he wrote the following Letters. They are necessarily imperfect. He had no leisure to look to style or ornament. But he is certain they contain no untruth, and he hopes that they are not offensive.


Bowen regarding the publication of a libel To the Editors of the Gospel Messenger and Protestant Catechism,” under the indirect

upon my religion, which was put forth as a Southern Episcopal Register, &c.

sanction of his respectable name. I inNec sum adeo informis: nuper me in litore vidi, tended to write to that Prelate inoffensively, Cum placidum ventis staret mare, non ego yet firmly, plainly, but courteously, in such

Judice te meluam, si numquam fallit imago.

a manner as that whilst I should vindicate VIRG. Eclog. II. my own wounded feelings, I would subject

his to the least possible infliction. How far Nor am I so deform'd; for late I stood Upon the margin of the briny flood; The winds were still, and if the glass be true, have doubted the propriety of taking upon him With Daphnis I may vie, though judged by you. to reject that which so many had approved ;

DRYDEN'S TRANSLATION. among whom had been the venerable Dr. White, GENTLEMEN :—I have ventured, though English edition, distributed by the Society for

in whose diocess it had been reprinted from an perhaps, as a correspondent of yours as- Promoting Christian Knowledge,” and pub. serts, indelicately,* to expostulate with Bishop lished and circulated by a Society similar in its

constitution and design, to the Charleston Pro.

testant Episcopal Female Tract Society. He “Of Bishop Bowen's responsibility for its seems to me, at least, to have been somewhat being put among the tracts distributed by this indelicately held up to the community as responSociety, I say nothing, because authorized sible for the offence thus given to Roman Catho. to say nothing. It is probable the matter lics." came not under his cognizance, but that of Note to communication No. 5, p. 178, in the other advisers during his absence. Or he may Gospel Messenger for June, 1829.

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I have succeeded it is not for me to say. magnanimity, and charity, than your corThey who have read my letters will judge respondent appears to possess; I feel my.

I not only declared that I would avoid self called upon to meet this latter, in a mode entering into any polemical disquisition to far different from that which the former was prove the Catholics right and the Protestants justified in expecting and entitled to demand. wrong, but still farther asserted that it was I am not, I trust, habitually disposed to neither my object nor intention to insult or prejudge, but the moment the gallant knight to vilify the Protestant Church, nor any of displayed his device in the lists, a concluits institutions or members.* To adhere to sion which I shall not express, irresistibly the former part of this resolution, I fre-forced itself upon me. It is an undisputed quently avoided explanation which required prerogative of each individual belonging to polemical discussion for its perfection; and that host entitled to a nom du guerre, that was perhaps obscure, where, by a slight without the charge of idolatry he


take deviation from my rule, I would have been for his emblazonment the likeness of anymore intelligible. I distinctly stated also thing in the heavens, the earth, the waters, what my object was, “to show that the or in a word, anything in existence. In chur of which I am a member, has been times of decent chivalry, however, the rule misrepresented, vilified, and insulted, and was most strictly adhered to, never to go to call upon you (Bishop Bowen) not as the beyond what nature exhibited.” Even our person who has done the injury, but as the old heathen friend Horace-You know that officer who can afford the redress, to heal brother idolaters should be more intimately those wounds by arresting the progress of acquainted than pure reformed Christians are the evil.”

with detestable heathens, you will, therefore, My present object is not to enter into con- excuse me, if I sometimes quote a line from troversy between the two churches, but to the latter. Then Horace really looked upon vindicate myself

. This preliminary charge the above rule to be very correct. which I notice, is that I made Bishop Bowen

“ Humano capiti cervicem pictor equinam responsible, and held him up as amenable Jungere si velit, et varias inducere

plumas for the offence given to Roman Catholics. Undique collatis membris, ut turpiter atrum My answer is the quotation of my own ex- Desinat in piscem mulier formosa superne ; pression to Bishop Bowen, “I do not call Spectatum admissi risum teneatis amici ?"

De Arte Poetica. upon you as the person who has given the offence, but as the officer who can heal the Suppose a painter to a human head wound by arresting the progress of the Should join a horse's neck, and wildly spread evil.” The writer makes me tax the pre- The various plumage of the feathered kind late with wanton and calumnious aggres. Or if he gave to view a beauteous maid

O'er limbs of different beasts, absurdly join'd; sion. I did not so tax him, for in fact I Above the waist with every charm arrayed, only called upon him to interpose his power Should a foul fish her lower parts unfold, as a man of peace and good will, to remove Would you not laugh such pictures to behold ?” the spirit of bitter animosity. How far a

Francis's Translations. writer of this description is qualified to cor

It is true this great master of the correct rect misrepresentation, I shall leave to others and tasteful admits an exception to a certo determine.

tain degree. That my estimate of the character and influence of the respectable Bishop of the Quidlibet audendi semper fuit æqua potestas

• Pictoribus atque Poetis Protestant Episcopal Church of South Caro- Scimus, et hanc veniam petimusque damusque lina was not incorrect, the sequel proves, vicissim : and the writer acknowledges: because the Sed non ut placidis coeant immitia ; non ut offensive little book is no longer openly ad- Serpenies avibus geminentur, tigribus agni." vertised for sale under the prelate's sanction, “ Painters and poets our indulgence claim, and the writer himself, in his fifth essay, p. Their daring equal, and their art the same. 178, for June, 1829, proceeds—“Of the ne- L own the indulgence-such I give and take ; cessity of its publication in your city, I But not through nature's sacred rules to break. should have doubted, and am not sorry to

Monstrous ! to mix the cruel and the kind, be informed that it is not now exposed for Serpents with birds and lambs with 'eigers sale."

Having thus cursorily, and I trust satisfac And even for poets he gives the principle torily, released myself from the imputation which must never be swerved from. of unkind conduct or indelicacy towards a "Aut famam sequere, aut sibi convenientia finge, prelate who has exhibited more prudence, Scriptor."

“Or follow fame, or in the invented tale * Letter I.,

Let seeming, well-united truth prevail."


p. 27.

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