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Now, if the natural and revealed dispensation of things are both from God, if they coincide with each other, and together make up one scheme of Providence, our being incompetent judges of one, must render it credible that we may be incompetent judges also of the other. Since, upon experience, the acknowledged constitution and course of nature is found to be greatly different from what, before experience, would have been expected ; and such as, men fancy, there lie great objections against ; this renders it beforehand highly credible, that they may find the revealed dispensation likewise, if they judge of it as they do of the constitution of nature, very different from expectations formed beforehand, and liable, in appearance, to great objections--objections against the scheme itself, and against the degrees and manners of the miraculous interpositions by which it was attested and carried on.”—BUTLER'S“ Analogy of Religion,” Part II. Revealed Religion, Chap. iii.
THE RIGHT HONOURABLE AND RIGHT REVEREND
JOHN JACKSON, D.D.,
LORD BISHOP OF LONDON,
IS RESPECTFULLY DEDICATED AS A SMALL TOKEN OF ESTEEM AND LOVE
FOR THAT GENTLE HOLINESS AND PURITY WHICH,
UNITED WITH WISE FIRMNESS,
RENDER HIM BELOVED AND HONOURED IN THE HIGH STATION
WHICH HE HAS BEEN CALLED IN THE PROVIDENCE OF GOD
“ THOUGH one were to allow any confused undetermined sense, which people might please to put upon the word natural, it would be a shortness of thought scarce credible to imagine, that no system or course of things can be so, but only what we see at present ; ... the only distinct meaning of that word is stated, fixed, or settled; since what is natural as much requires and presupposes an intelligent agent to render it so, i.e., to effect it continually, or at stated times, as what is supernatural or miraculous does to effect it at once."--BUTLER'S “ Analogy of Religion,” Part I. Natural Religion, Chap. i.
“NON PROFICERE EST DEFICERE."
To the Visitor of Sion College. MY LORD,
This book went forth with its parentage unacknowledged, lest scientists, who boast that they have fought and won the intellectual battle against Christianity, should refuse to hear an argument drawn from their own line of things by a clerical pen. Now that it has received and endured not a little fearless criticism ; now that every line of its statement appears to the author to remain unturned, and is allowed by the thoughtful to be capable of further production into new regions of thought ; it would be cowardice, not humility, to shrink from the responsibility of authorship. Honoured by your request so to do, I affix my name ; and being President of Sion College this year, I have the honour to use that title at the express wish of the Court of Governors.
I respectfully offer to you, the Visitor of that College, a second edition of the work, as a mark of my sense of the great forbearance, cordial sympathy, wise counsel, and effective help, with which, to the utmost of your strength, you encourage even the lowliest in the sacred ministry of our Church.
This College, your Lordship well knows, is not only used for devotional, intellectual, and social meetings of the clergy; but is the place where those who conceive that the possession of advanced science is incompatible with the childlike faith
demanded by Holy Scripture, are encouraged to state the extent and meaning of their discoveries.
A clear thinker, listening to the eloquence, acknowledging the skill, and honouring the zeal of those who exhibit their stores, is sadly conscious that—though, after all, science is simply common sense applied to somewhat recondite matters -scientific eyesight is not always scientific insight. Men of scientific research often neglect scientific thought : a neglect more sure to bring heartache than blossom to bring fruit.
The champions of materialism and agnosticism are most defective in the method of scientific thought. They seem incapable of rightly applying past experiences to new circumstances. Not looking sufficiently at things in general, they allow the enlargement of their partial and secular province to diminish, and sometimes to destroy-in their own minds, the vaster outlying regions. A kind of steeplechase philosophy is in vogue.
Specialism assumes the functions and honours of universalism. Materialists, by strangest solecism, use mind to subject Nature ; and then, mental control being established, destroy mind, and give to matter the supreme capacity of that which has been destroyed. Science makes the meaning of things wider and more real, but they narrow all that is sacred. Mr. Ruskin says of them—“The use of the word 'scientia' as if it differed from knowledge' is a modern barbarism, enhanced usually by the assumption that the knowledge of the difference between acids and alkalis is a more respectable than that of the difference between vice and virtue.” Not possessing inner vision, they govern hard from the outside instead of working up from within. They advocate degradation ; for the changes which they further involve transition, not from the lower to higher, but from the higher to lower, degree of perfection.
This manifold error is a fault, partly due to the evil habit of regarding the outer world of matter, and the inner world of intelligence and emotion, as nothing more than the concave and convex of the same substance : error gross and grievous as—that pounds and pence make rich, and not heart and mind which bless or curse for ever.
They do not adequately consider the whole of life, nor that advan