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III. Church censures are necessary for the reclaiming and gaining of offending brethren, for deterring of others from the like offences, for purging out of that leaven which might ipfect the whole lump, for vindicating the honour of Christ and the holy profeflion of the gospel, and for preventing the Wrath of God, which might justly fall upon the church, if they should suffer his covenant, and the seals thereof, to be profaned by notorious and obstinate offenders c. :
IV. For the better attaining of these ends, the officers of the church are to proceed by admonition, suspension from the sacrament of the Lord's fupper for a season, and by ex. comunication from the church, according to the nature of the crime, and demerit of the person d.
they are remittel unto them: and feech you, brethren, to know them whose soever fins ye retain, they are which labour among you, and are retained. 2.Cor. ii. 6. Sufficient to over you in the Lord, and admonish fuchamanisthis punishment, which you. 2 Theff.ïïi. 6. Now we com. was inflicted of mar.y. V.7. So that mand you, brethren, in the name contrariwise, ye ought rather to for- of our Lord Jesus Christ; that ye give him, and comfort him, lelt per- withdraw yourselves from every haps such a one should be swallowed brother that walketh disorderly, and up with overmuch forrow. v. 8. not after the tradition which he reWherefore I beseech you, that you ceived of us. V. 14. And if any mai would confirm your love towards obey not our word by this epiitle, him.
note that man, and have no compaIII.. ( 1 Cor.v.ch, throughout.) ny with him, that he may be asham1 Tim. v. 20. Them that sin, re- ed. v. isi Yet count him not as an buke before all, that others also may enemy, but admonish him as a broa fear. Mat.-vii. 6. Give not that ther. 1 Cor.v.4. In the namcofo: which is holy unto the dogs, neither Lord Jesus Chriit, when ye are gacast you your pearls before swine, thered together, and my spirit, with left they trample them under their the power of our Lord Jeius Christ, feet, and turn again and rent you. v. s. To deliver such an one into 1 Tim. i. 20. Di whorn is Hymene- Satan for the defruction of the felles us and Alexander, whom I have de. that the spirit may be saved in the livered unto Şatan, that they may day of the Lord Jesus. v. 15. But learn not to blaspheme. (1 Cor. xi. them that are without, God judg27. to the end.) With Jude 23. And eth. Therefore put away from aothers save with fear, pulling thein mong yourselves that wicked per: out of the fire; hating even the gare fon. Mat. xviii. 17. And if he hall ments spotted by the felh... neglect to hear them, tellit unto th: IV. di Theff. v. 1. And we be- church: but if he negled to hear
CHAP. XXXI. Of Synods and Councils.
church, there ought to be such assemblies as are commonly called synods or councils a.
11. As magistrates may lawfully call a synod of ministers and other fit persons, to consult and advise with about matters of religion b: so, if magistrates be open enemies to the church, the ministers of Christ, of themselves, by virtue of their office; or they, with other fit persons upon delegacion from their churches, may meet together in such assemblies c.
III. It the church, let him be unto thee as For kings, and for all that are in auan heathen man and a publican. thority; that we may lead a quiet Tit. jii. 10. A man that is an here. and peaceable life in all godliness tick, after the firit and second ad- and honesty. ( 2 Chron. xix. 8. to monition, reject.
the end.) (2 Chron. xxix. and xxx, 1. a Acts xv: 2. When therefore chapters throughout.) Mat. ii.
4. Pauland Barnabas had no small dif- And when he had gathered all the fention and disputation with them, chief pricts and scribes of the people they determined that Pauland Bar- together, he demanded of them nabas, and certain other of them, where Christ should be born. v.5. should go up to Jerusalem unto the And they said unto him, In Bethleapolles and elders about this quef- hem of Judea : for thus it is written tion. v. 4. And when they were by the prophet. Prov. xi. 14. Where come to Jerusalem, they were re- no counsel is, the people fall : but in ceived of the church, and of the a- the multitude of counsellers there is potles and elders; and they declar- safety. ed all things that God had done c Acts xv. 2,4. (See in letter a.) v. with them. v. 6. And the apoftles 22. Then pleafed it the apostles and and elders came together for to con- elders, with the whole church, to fider of this matter.
fend chosen men of their own com. II.blfa. xlix. 23. And kings shall pany to Antioch, with Paul and be thy nursing fathers, and their Barnabas; namely, Judas firnámed queens thy nursing mothers: they Barsabas, and Silas, chief men alhall bow down to thee with their mong the brethren. v. 23. And face toward the earth, and lick up wrote letters by them after this man. the dust of their feet, and thou shalt ner, The apostles, and elders, and know that I am the Lord: for they brethren send greeting unto the shall not be ashamed that wait for brethren who are of the Gentiles in me. 1 Tim. ii. 1. I exhort therefore, Antioch, and Syria, and Cilicia, v. that first of all, fupplications, pray- 25. It seemed good unto us, being ers, intercellions, and giving of assembled with one accord, to send thanks be made for all men: V.2, cholen men unto you with our be
III. It belongeth to fynods and councils, ministerially to determine controversies of faith, and cases of conscience; to set down rules and directions for the better ordering of the publick worship of God, and government of his church; to receive complaints in cases of mal-administration, and authoritatively to determine the same: which decrees and determinations, if consonant to the word of God, are to be received with reverence and submission, not only for their agreement with the word, but also for the power whereby they are made, as being an ordinance of God, appointed thereunto in his word d.
IV. All fynods or councils since the apostles times, whether general or particular, may err, and many have erred: therefore they are not to be made the rule of faith or practice, but to be used as an help in bothe.
V. Synods and councils are to handle or conclude nothing but that which is ecclesiastical: and are not to intermeddle with civil affairs, which concern the commonwealth, unless by way of humble petition, in cases extraordinary; or by way of
advice loved Barnabas and Paul.
Father who is in heaven, v. 20. For III. d Acts xv. 15, 19, 24, 27, 28, where two or three are gathered to29, 30, 31. (See in the Bible.) Acts gether in my name, there am I in xvi.
4. And as they went through the midst of them. the cities, they delivered them the IV. e Eph. ii. 20. And are built decrees for to keep, that were or- upon the foundation of the apostles dained of the apostles and elders and prophets, Jesus Christ himself who were at Jerusalem. Mat. xviii. being the chief corner-stone. Acts' 17. And if he shall neglect to hear xvii. 11. These were more noble them, tell it unto the church: but than those in Thessalonica, in that if he neglect to hear the church, let they received the word with all reahim be unto thee as an heathen man diness of mind, and searched the nd a publican. v. 18. Verily I fay scriptures daily, whether those unto you, Whatsoever ye shall bind things were fo. 1 Cor. ii. s. That on earth, shall be bound in heaven: your faith should not stand in the and whatsoever ye shall loose on wisdom of men, but in the power earth, shall be loosed in heaven. v. of God. 2 Cor. i. 24. Not for that 19. Again I say unto you, that if we have dominion over your faith,
but are helpers of your joy; for by touching any thing that they thall faith ye Aand. alk, it shall be done for them of my
V. f Luke
iwo of you
advice for satisfaction of conscience, if they be thereunto required by the civil magistrate f.
CHAP. XXXII. Of the State of Men after Death, and
of the Refurrection of the Dead.
HE bodies of men, after death return to dust, and fec
corruption a; but their souls (which neither die not sleep) having an immortal fubsistence, immediately return to God who gave them b. The fouls of the righteous, being then made perfect in holiness, are received into the highest heavens, where they behold the face of God in light and glory, waiting for the full redemption of their bodies c: and the fouls of the wicked are cast into hell, where they remain in forments and utter darkuels, reserved to the judgment of the
great V.f Luke xii. 13. And one of the paradise. Eccl. xii. 7. Then shall company said unto him, Master, the dust return to the earth as it speak to my brother, that he divide was: and the spirit fhall return uns the inheritance with me.
to God who gave it. : And he said unto him, Man, who i Heb. xii. 23. To the general made me a judge, or a divider over assembly, and church of the first you? John xviii. 36. Jesus answer- born which are written in heaven, ed, Mykingdom is not of this world: and to God the judge of all, and to if my kingdom were of this world, the spirits of juit men made perfect. then would my fervants fight, that 2 Cor. v. I. For we know, that if I should not be delivered to the our earthly house of this tabernacle Jews: but now is my kingdom not were dissolved, we have a building from hence.
of God, an house not made with I. . Gen. ii. 19. In the sweat of hands, eternal in the heavens. v. thy face shalt thou eat bread, till 6. Therefore we are always confithou return unto the ground; for dent, knowing that whilst we are out of it wast thou taken: for dust at home in the body, we are absent thou art, and unto dust thou shalt from the Lord. v. 8., We are con return. Afts xiii. 36. For David, fident, I say, and willing rather to after he had served his own genera- be absent from the body, and to be tion by the will of God, fell on sleep, present with the Lord. Phil. i. 23. and was laid unto his fathers, and For I am in a strait betwixt two, faw corruption.
having a desire to depart, and to be b Luke xxiii. 43. And Jesus said with Chrilt; which is far better. unto him, Verily I say unto thee, With Acts iii. 21. Whom the hea. To day Ihalt thou be with me in ven'muit receive; until the times of
great day d. Besides these two places for souls separated from their bodies, the scripture acknowledgeth none.
II. At the last day, such as are found alive shall not die, buc be changed e: and all the dead fhall be raised up with the self-fame bodies, and none other, altho' with different qualities, which shall be united again to their souls for ever f.
111. The bodies of the unjuit shall by the power of Christ be raised to dishonour; the bodies of the just by his Spirit unto honour, and be made comformable unto his own glorious
CHAP . restitution of all things, which God II. 1 Theff. iv. 17. Then we who hath spoken by the mouth of all his are alive and remain, thall be caught holy prophets, since the world be- up together with them in the clouds, gan. And Eph. iv. 10. He that de- to meet the lord in the air: and fu icended, is the fame also that a- shall we ever be with the Lord. scended up far above all heavens, 1 Cor. xv. 51. Behold, I shew you that he might fill all things. a myitery; we shall not aļl slep, but
Luke xvi. 23. And in hell he lift wę tļall all be changed, v. 52. In d up his eyes, being in torments, and moment, in the twinkling of an eye, seeth Abraham afar off, and Laza- at the last trump, for the trumpet rusin his bofom. y. 24. And he cried, shall found, and the dead ihall be and faid, Father Abraham, have raised incorruptible, and we thall be mercy on me, and send Lazarus that
changed. he may dip the tip of his finger in f Job xix, 26. And though after water and cool my tongue; for I am my skin, worms destroy this body, tormented in this flame. A&s i. 25. yet in my fleih fhall I fee God. v. 27. That he may take part of this mi- Whom I shall lee for myself, and nistry and apostleship, from which mine eyes shall behold, and not aJudas by tranfgrellion fell, that he nother; though my reins be consummight go to his own place. Jude 6. ed within me: I Cor. xv. 42. SoalAnd the angels who kept not their fo is the resurrection of the dead. It first estate, but left their own habi- is sown in corruption, it is raised in tation, he hath reserved in everlast- incorruption : v. 43, It is sown in ing chains under darkness, unto the dishonour, it is raised in glory; it is judgment of the great day. v. 7. E. fown in weakness, it is raised in pow. ven as Sodom and Gomorrah, and
er : V. 44. It is sown a natural body, the cities about them in like mans it is raised a spiritual body. There ner giving themselves over to forni- is a natural body, and there is a fpication, and going after strange flesh, ritual body. are set forth for an example, suffer- III.g Acts xxiv, 15. And have hope ing the vengëance of eternal fire. towards God, which they themi Pet, iii. 19. By which also he went felves also allow, that there shall be and preached unto the fpirits in pri- a refurrection of the dead, both of fon.
the just and unjuít. John. v. 28. L 3