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acknowledge the inward illumination of the spirit of God to be necessary for the saving understanding of such things as are revealed in the word n; and that there are some circumstances concerning the worship of God, and government of the church, common to human actions and societies, which are to be ordered by the light of nature, and christian pru. dence, according to the general rules of the word, which are always to be observedo.
VII. All things in scripture are not alike plain in themselves, nor alike clear unto allp; yet those things which are necessary to be known, believed, and observed for salvation, are so clearly propounded and opened in some place of scripture or other, that not only the learned, but the unlearned, in a due use of the ordinary means, may attain unto a sufficient understanding of them q.
VIII. The before, fo say I now again: If any God, that we might know the things man preach any other gospel unto that are freely given to us of God. you, than that ye have received, let o Cor. xi. 13. Judge in your. him be accursed, 2 Theff. ii. 2. That selves, is it comely that a woman ye be not foon shaken in mind, or be pray unto God uncovered? v. 14. troubled, neither by spirit, nor by Doth not even nature itself teach word, nor by letter, as from us, as you, that if a man have long hair it that the day of Christ is at hand. is a shame unto him? 1 Cor. xiv. 26.
» John vi. 45. It is written in How is it then, brethren, when ye the prophets, And they shall be all come together, every one of you taught of God. Every man there- hath a plalm, hath a doctrine, hath fore that hath heard, and hath lear- a tongue, hath a revelation, hath an ned of the Father, cometh unto me. interpretation? Let all things be 1 Cor. ii. 9. But as it is written, Eye done unto edifying. v. 40. Let all hath not seen, nor ear heard, neither things be done decently,and in order. have entered into the heart of man, VII. p 2 Pet.ïïi. 16. As also in all the things which God hath prepar- his epistles, speaking in them of these ed for them that love him. v.1o. But things, in which are some things God hath revealed them unto us by hard to be understood, which they his Spirit: for the Spirit searcheth that are unlearned and unstable all things, yea, the deep things of wrest, as they do also the other scripGod. I v. 11. For what man know. tures, unto their own destruction. eth the things of a man, save the Spi- Psal. cxix. 105. Thy word is a rit of man which is in him? even fo lamp unto my feet, and a light unto the things of God knoweth no man, my path. v: 130.
The entrance of but the Spirit of God. v. 12. Now thy words giveth light, it giveth unwe have received, not the spirit of derstanding unto the simple. the world, but the Spirit which is of
VIII. The Old Testament in Hebrew, (which was the Bative language of the people of God of old) and the New Testament in Greek, (which at the time of the writing of it was most generally knows to the nations, being immediately inspired by God, and by his singular care and providence kept pure in all ages, are therefore authenticalr; so as, in all controversies of religion, the church is finally to appeal unto thems. But because these original tongues are not known to all the people of God, who have right unto and interest in the scriptures, and are commanded, in the fear of God, to read and search them t; therefore they are to be translated into the vulgar language of every nation unto which they comev, that the word of God dwelling plentifully in all, they may worship him in an acceptable manner w, and, through
patience VIII. , Mat, v. 18. For verily I the tongue words easy to be underfay unto you, Till heaven and earth ftood, how shall it be known what pass, one jot, or one tittle thall in no is spoken? for ye shall speak into the wife pass from the law, till all be air. v. 11. Therefore, if I know not fulfilled.
the meaning of the voice, I shall bo SIsaiah viïi. 20. To the law, and unto him that speaketh a barbarito the testimony: if they speak notan; and he that speaketh shall be a according to this word, it is because barbarian unto me. v. 12. Even so there is no light in them. Acts xv. ye, forasmuch as ye are zealous of 15. and to this agree the words of spiritual gifts, seek that ye may exthe prophets, as it is written. John cel to the edifying of the church. v. 39. Search the scriptures, for in v.24. But if all prophesy, and there them ye think ye have eternal life, come in one that believeth not, or and they are they which testify of one unlearned, he is convinced of me. v. 46. For had ye believed Mo- all, he is judged of all. v. 27. If any fes, ye would have believed me: for man speak in an unknown tongue, he wrote of me.
let it be by two, or at the most by · John v. 39. Search the scrip- three, and that by course; and let tures, for in them ye think ye have one interpret. v.28. But if there be eternal life, and they are they which no interpreter, let him keep filence teftify of me.
in the church; and let him speak to v i Cor. xiv. 6. Now, brethren, himself, and to God. if I come unto you speaking with w Col. iii. 16. Let the word of tongues, what shall i profit you, Christ dwell in you richly in all wif
I except I shall speak to you either by dom, teaching and admonishing one Tevelation, or by knowledge, or by another in psalms, and hymns, and prophesying, or by doctrine? v. 9. fpiritual fongs, singing with grace So likewise you, except ye utter by in your hearts to the Lord.
patience and comfort of the scriptures, may have hope *.
IX. The infallible rule of interpretation of scripture, is the scripture itself; and therefore, when there is a question about the true and full sense of any scripture, (which is not manifold, but one) it must be searched and known by other places that speak more clearly y.
X. The supreme Judge, by which all controversies of religion are to be determined, and all degrees of councils, opinions of antient writers, doctrines of men, and private spirits, are to be examined, and in whose sentence we are to rest; can be no other but the Holy Spirit speaking in the scripture z.
CHAP. II. Of God, and of the Holy Trinity, THERE is but one only a, living and true God b, who is
& Rom. xv. 4. For whatsoever Eph. ii, 20. And are built upon the things were written aforetime, were foundation of the apostles and prowritten for our learning; that we phets, Jesus Christ himtelf being the through patience and comfort of chief corner-Itone. With Acts xxvii. the scriptures might have hope. 25. And when they agreed not a
IX. y 2 Pet. i. 20. Knowing this mong themselves, they departed, affirst, that no prophecy of the Icrip- ter that Paul had spoken one word, țure is of any private interpretation. Wellspakethe Holy Ghost by Efaias v. 21. For the prophecy came not the prophet unto our fathers. in old time by the will of man: but 1. Deut. vi. 4. Hear, O Israel, holy men of God spake as they were the Lord our God is one Lord, moved by the Holy Ghost. Afts xv. 1 Cor. viii. 4. As concerning there15. And to this agree the words of fore the eating of those things that the prophets, as it is written, v. 16. are offered in sacrifice unto idols, After this I will return, and will we know that an idol is nothing in build again the tabernacle of Da- the world, and that there is none ovid which is fallen down, and I will ther God but one. v. 6. But to us build again the ruins thereof, and I there is but one God, the Father,
of whom are all things, and we in X. z Mat. xxii. 29. Jesus answer, him; and one Lord Jesus Christ, by ed and said unto them, Ye do err, whom are all things, and we by him. not knowing the scriptures, nor the by Thes, i. 9. For they thempower of God. v.31. But as touch- selves shew of us, what manner of ing the resurrection of the dead, entring in we had unto you, and have ye not read that which was how ye turned to God from idols, spoken unto you by God, saying to serve the living and true God,
will set it up.
infinite in being and perfectionc, a most pure spirit d, inviGblee, without body, partsf, or passionsg, immutable h, immense i, eternal k, incomprehensible l, Almighty m, most
wisen, Jer, X. 10. But the Lord is the true V. 15. And saying, Sirs, why do you God, he is the living God, and an these things? We also are men of everlasting King.
like paflions with you, and preach c Job. xi. 1. Canst thou by search. unto you, that ye should turn from ing find out God? canst thon find these vanities unto the living God, out the Almighty unto perfection which made heaven and earth, and v. 8. It is as high as heaven, what the sea, and all things that are therecanit thou do? deeper than hell, in. what canst thou know? v. 9. The h Jam. i. 17. Every good gift, and meafure thereof is longer than the every perfect gift is from above, and earth, and broader than the sea. cometh down from the Father of Job xxvi. 14. Lo, these are parts of lights, with whom is no variablehis ways, but how little a portionnels, neither shadow of turning. is heard of him? but the thunder Mal. iii. 6. For I am the Lord, I of his power who can understand ? change not: therefore ye fons of
d John iv. 24. God is a Spirit, Jacob are not consumed. and they that worship him, must i 1 Kings viï. 27. But will God worship him in fpirit and in truth. indeed dwell on the earth? behold,
ei Tim. i. 17. Now unto the the heaven, and heaven of heavens King eternal, immortal, invisible, cannot contain thee, how much less the only wise God, be honour and 'this house that I have builded ? Jer. glory, for ever and ever. Amen. xxiii. 23. am I a God at hand, faith
fDeut. iv. 15. Take ye therefore the Lord, and not a God afar off? good heed unto yourselves (for ye v. 24. Can any hide himself in fefaw no manner of fimilitude on the cret places, that I shall not see him? day that the Lord spake unto you in faith the Lord: do not I fill heaHoreb, out of the midst of the fire) ven and earth? faith the Lord. 1. 16. Lest ye corrupt yourselves, k Psal. xc, 2. Before the mounand make you a graven image, the tains were brought forth, or ever fimilitude of any figure, the likeness thou hadít formed the earth and the of male or female. John iv. 24. God world, even from everlasting toeveris a Spirit, and they that worship lasting thou art God. 1 Tim. i. 17. him, muft worship him in spirit and Now unto the King eternal, immorin truth. With Luke xxiv. 39. Be- tal, invisible, the only wife God, be hold my hands and my feet, that it honour and glory, for ever and eis I myself: handle me, and fee, for Amen. a spirit hath not flesh and bones, as IPsal. cxlv. 3. Great is the Lord, ye see me have.
and greatly to be praised; and his & Acts xiv. 1 1. And when the peo- greatness is unsearchable. ple fawwhat Paul had done, they lift mGen. xvii. 1. And when Abram up their voices, saying in the speech was ninety years old and nine, the of Lycaonia, The Gods are come Lord appeared to Abram, and faid down to us in the likeness of men. unto him, I am the Almighty God;
wisen, most holyo, most freep, most absolute q, working all things according to the counsel of his own immutable and most righteous willr, for his own glory s; most lovingt, gracious, merciful, long-suffering, abundant in goodness and truth, forgiving iniquity, transgression, and sin v; the rewarder of them that diligently seek him w; and withal most just and terrible in his judgments x, hating all siny, and who will by
no walk before me, and be thou perfect. lieved the love that God hath to us. Rev. iv. 8. And the four beasts had God is love; and he that dwelleth each of them fix wings about him, in love, dwelleth in God, and God and they were full of eyes within, in him. and they rest not day and night, v Exod. xxxiv. 6. And the Lord saying, Holy, holy, holy Lord God passed by before him, and proclaimAlmighty, which was, and is, and ed, The Lord, the Lord God, meris to come.
ciful and gracious, long-suffering, n Rom. xvi. 26.ToGod only wise, and abundantin goodness and truth, be glory through Jesus Christ, for v.7. Keeping mercy for thousands, ever. Amen.
forgiving iniquity, and tranfgrefsio Isa. vi. 3. And one cried unto on, and fin, and that will by no means another, and said, Holy, holy, holy clear the guilty; visiting the iniquity is the Lord of hosts, the whole earth of the fathers upon the children, and is full of his glory. Rev. iv. 8. (See upon the children's children, unto letter m immediately foregoing.)
the third and to the fourth generap Psal. cxv. 3. But our God is in tion. the heavens: he hath done whatso- w Heb. xi. 6. But without faith it ever he pleaseth.
is impossible to please him: for he 9 Exod. iii. 14. And God said un- that cometh to God, must believe to Mofes, I AM THAT I AM: that he is, and that he is a rewarder And he said, Thus shalt thou say of them that diligently seek him. unto the children of Israel, I AM * Neh. ix. 32. Now therefore, our hath fent me unto you.
God, the great, the mighty, and the , Eph. i. 11. In whom also we terrible God, who keepest covenant have obtained an inheritance, being and mercy; let not all the trouble predestinated according to the pur- seem little before thee, that hath pose of him, who worketh all things come upon us, on our kings, on our after the counsel of his own will. princes, and on our priests, and on
s Prov. xvi. 4. The Lord hath our prophets, and on our fathers, made all things for himself: yea, and on all thy people, since the time even the wicked for the day of evil. of the kings of Allyria, unto this Rom. xi. 36. For of him, and thro' day. v. 33. Howbeit, thou art just him, and to him are all things: to in all that is brought upon us; for whom be glory for ever. Amen. thou hast done right, but we have
+ 1 John iv. 8. He that loveth not, done wickedly. knoweth not God, for God is love. y Pfal. v. 5. The foolish shall not V. 16. And we have known and be- ftand in thy fight: thou hateft als