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States, for those members of the Commission who are not members of Congress; and the President of the United States is also authorised, in the name of the Government of the United States, to call, in his discretion, an International Conference, to assemble at such point as may be agreed upon, or to send special Commissioners to any foreign country, for the purpose of regulating by international agreement, subject to the advice and consent of the Senate of the United States, the immigration of aliens to the United States; of providing for the mental, moral and physical examination of such aliens by American Consuls or other officers of the United States Government at the ports of embarkation, or elsewhere; of securing the assistance of foreign Governments in their own territories to prevent the evasion of the laws of the United States governing immigration to the United States; of entering into such international agreements as may be proper to prevent the immigration of aliens who, under the laws of the United States, are or may be excluded from entering the United States, and of regulating any matters pertaining to such immigration;

$40. Authority is hereby given the Commissioner-General of Immigration to establish, under the direction and control of the Secretary of Commerce and Labour, a division of information in the Bureau of Immigration and Naturalisation ; and the Secretary of Commerce and Labour shall provide such clerical assistance as may be necessary. It shall be the duty of said division to promote a beneficial distribution of aliens admitted into the United States among the several States and Territories desiring immigration. Correspondence shall be had with the proper officials of the States and Territories, and said division shall gather from all available sources useful information regarding the resources, products and physical characteristics of each State and Territory, and shall publish such information in different languages and distribute the publications among all admitted aliens who may ask for such information at the immigrant stations of the United States and to such other persons as may desire the same. When any State or Territory appoints and maintains an agent or agents to represent it at any of the immigrant stations of the United States, such agents shall

, under regulations prescribed by the Commissioner-General of Immigration, subject to the approval of the Secretary of Coninerce and Labour, have access to aliens who have been admitted to the United States for the purpose of presenting, either orally or in writing, the special inducements offered by such State or Territory to aliens to settle therein. While on duty at any immigrant station such agents shall be subject to all the regulations prescribed by the Commissioner-General of Immigration, who, with the approval of the Secretary of Commerce and Labour, may, for violation of any such regulations, deny to the agent guilty of such violation any of the privileges herein granted.

$41. That nothing in this Act shall be construed to apply to accredited officials of foreign Governments nor to their suites, families or guests.*

$42 It shall not be lawful for the master of a steamship or other vessel whereon immigrant passengers, or passengers other than cabin passengers, have been taken at any port or place in a foreign country or doininion (ports and places in foreign territory contiguous to the United States excepted) to bring such vessel and passengers to any port or place in the United States, unless the compartments, spaces and accommodations hereinafter mentioned have been provided, allotted, maintained, and used for and by such passengers during the entire voyage; that is to say, in a steamship, the compartments or spaces, unobstructed by cargo, stores or goods, shall be of sufficient dimensions

*See paragraph (b), Rule 2,

to allow for each and every passenger carried or brought therein eighteen clear superficial feet of deck allotted to his or her use, if the compartment or space is located on the main deck or on the first deck next below the main deck of the vessel, and twenty clear superficial feet of deck allotted to his or her use for each passenger carried or brought therein if the compartment or space is located on the second deck below the main deck of the vessel : Provided, That if the height between the lower passenger deck and the deck immediately above it is less than seven feet, or if the apertures (exclusive of the side scuttles) through which light and air are admitted together to the lower passenger deck are less in size than in proportion of three square feet to every one hundred superficial feet of that deck, the ship shall not carry a greater number of passengers on that deck than in the proportion of one passenger to every thirty clear superficial feet thereof. It shall not be lawful to carry or bring fassengers on any deck other than the decks above mentioned. And in sailing vessels, such passengers shall be carried or brought only on the deck (not being an orlop deck) that is next below the main deck of the vessel, or in a poop or deck house constructed on the main deck ; and the compartment or space, unobstructed by cargo, stores or goods, shall be of sufficient dimensions to allow one hundred and ten cubic feet for each and every passenger brought therein. And such passengers shall not be carried or brought in any between decks, nor in any compartment, space, poop or deck house, the height of which from deck to deck is less than six feet. In computing the number of such passengers carried or brought in any vessel, children under one year of age shall not be included, and two children between one and eight years of age shall be counted as one passenger ; and any person brought in any such vessel who shall have been, during the voyage, taken from any other vessel wrecked or in distress on the high seas, or have been picked up at sea from any boat, raft, or otherwise, shall not be included in such computation. The master of a vessel coming to a port or place in the United States in violation of either of the provisions of this Section shall be deemed guilty of a misdemeanour; and if the number of passengers other than cabin passengers carried or brought in the vessel, or in any compartment, space, poop, or deck house thereof, is greater than the number allowed to be carried or brought therein, respectively, as hereinbefore prescribed, the said master shall be fined fifty dollars for each and every passenger in excess of the proper number, and

may

also be imprisoned not exceeding six months.

This Section shall take effect on January first, nineteen hundred and nine.

$43. That the Act of March third, nineteen hundred and three, being an Act to regulate the immigration of aliens into the United States, except $34 thereof, and the Act of March twenty-second, nineteen hundred and four, being an Act to extend the exemption from head tax to citizens of Newfoundland entering the United States, and all Acts and parts of Acts inconsistent with this Act are hereby repealed : Provided, That this Act shall not be construed to repeal, alter, or amend existing laws relating to the immigration or exclusion of Chinese persons or persons of Chinese descent, nor to repeal, alter or amend $6, chapter four hundred and fifty-three, third Session, Fifty-eighth Congress, approved February sixth, nineteen hundred and five, or prior to January first, nineteen hundred and nine, $1 of the Act approved August second, eighteen hundred and eighty-two, entitled “ An Act to regulate the carriage of passengers by sea.'

$44. That this Act shall take effect and be enforced from and after July first, nineteen hundred and seven: Provided, however, That $39 of this

Act and the last proviso of sI shall take effect upon the passage of this Act and $42 on January first, nineteen hundred and nine. Approved February 20, 1907.

IMMIGRATION REGULATIONS. RULES RELATING TO HEAD Tax.

(1, Collection of head tax.-2, Exemption froin head tax.-3, Account

ing for head tax and other receipts). RULES RELATING TO ADMISSION OR EXCLUSION.

14, Application of Immigration Act.-5, Examination of aliens.-
6, Appeals.—7, Appeals, procedure.-8, Appeals, procedure.-
9, Medical examination.—10. Landing for_hospital treatment. —
11, Detention of sick wives or children.-12, Detention of attendants
for helpless aliens.—13, Disabled aliens, procedure.-14, Holding of
aliens as witnesses.—15, Assistance to admitted aliens.—16, Charges
for care and maintenance.—17, Oath, board of special inquiry.-
18, Appearance of attorneys.--19, Notice of sailings.—20, Admissions
under bond).

21. Japanese and Korean Labourers.—The following rule is promulgated for the purpose of giving effect to an Executive Order of the President, issued on 14th March, 1907, reading :

Whereas, by the Act entitled “ An Act to regulate the immigration of aliens into the United States,” approved February 20, 1907, whenever the President is satisfied that passports issued by any foreign Government to its citizens to go to any country other than the United States or to any insular possession of the United States, or to the Canal Zone, are being used for the purpose of enabling the holders to come to the Continental territory of the United States to the detriment of labour conditions therein, it is made the duty of the President to refuse to permit such citizens of the country issuing such passports to enter the Continental territory of the United States from such country or from such insular possession or from the Canal Zone ;

And Whereas, upon sufficient evidence produced before me by the Department of Commerce and Labour, I am satisfied that passports issued by the Government of Japan to citizens of that country or Korea and who are labourers, skilled or unskilled, to go to Mexico, to Canada and to Hawaii, are being used for the purpose of enabling the holders thereof to come to the Continental territory of the United States to the detrinient of labour conditions therein ;

I hereby order that such citizens of Japan or Korea, to wit: Japanese or Korean labourers, skilled and unskilled, who have received passports to go to Mexico, Canada or Hawaii, and come therefrom, be refused permission to enter the Continental territory of the United States.

It is further ordered that the Secretary of Commerce and Labour be, and he hereby is, directed to take, through the Bureau of Immigration and Naturalisation, such measures and to make and enforce such rules and regulations as may be necessary to carry this Order into effect.

(a) Aliens from Japan and Korea are subject to the general immigration laws.

(b) Every Japanese or Korean labourer, skilled or unskilled, applying for admission at a seaport or at a land-border port of the United States, and having in his possession a passport issued by the Government of Japan, entitling him to proceed only to Mexico, Canada or Hawaii, shall be refused admission.

(c) If a Japanese or Korean labourer applies for admission and presents no passport, it shall be presumed (1) that he did not possess, when he departed from Japan or Korea, a passport entitling him to come to the United States, and (2) that he did possess at that time a passport limited to Mexico, Canada or Hawaii.

(d) If a Japanese or Korean alien applies for admission and presents a passport entitling him to enter the United States, or one which is not limited to Mexico, Canada or Hawaii, he shall be admitted, if it appears that he does not belong to any of the classes of aliens excluded by the general immigration laws.

(e) If a Japanese or Korean alien applies for admission and presents a passport limited to Mexico, Canada or Hawaii, and claims that he is not a labourer, either skilled or unskilled, reasonable proof of this claim shall be required in order to permit him to enter the United States.

(1) When a Japanese or Korean alien is rejected as being a skilled or unskilled labourer holding a passport limited to Mexico, Canada or Hawaii, he shall be allowed the right of appeal to the Secretary of Commerce and Labour under the same conditions as attach to aliens rejected under the general immigration laws.

(8) If a Japanese or Korean skilled or unskilled labourer is found in the Continental territory of the United States without having been duly admitted upon inspection, the procedure employed under the general immigration laws for the arrest and hearing of aliens who have entered the United States surreptitiously shall be observed, to the end that the right of such alien to be and remain in the United States may be determined ; and if it shall appear that such alien falls within the class excluded by the foregoing Executive Order, and has entered the United States since the 14th of March, 1907, the said alien shall be deported according to the provisions of $820, 21 and 35 of the Act of Congress approved 20th February, 1907.

(h) In case any Japanese or Korean is detained or denied admission by virtue of the foregoing Executive Order, he shall, in addition to being informed of his right of appeal to the Secretary of Commerce and Labour, be advised that he may communicate by telegraph or otherwise with any diplomatic or consular officer of his Government, and shall be afforded opportunities for so doing.

(i) The officials of the Department charged with the enforcement of the immigration laws are instructed that in the execution of this rule scrupulous care shall be taken to see that the courtesy and consideration which the Department requires in the case of all foreigners, of whatever nationality, are shown to those affected by this rule. All officers of this Department are hereby warned that no discrimination will be tolerated, and that those coming under this rule must be shown every courtesy and consideration to which the citizens of most favoured nations are entitled when they come to the United States. (i) For practical administrative purposes the term “ labourer,

labourer, skilled and unskilled,” within the meaning of the Executive Order of March 14th, 1907, shall be taken to refer primarily to persons whose work is essentially physical, or, at least, manual, as farm labourers, street labourers, factory hands, contractors' men, stable men, freight handlers, stevedores, miners and the like ; and to persons whose work is less physical, but still manual, and who may be highly skilled, as carpenters, stone masons, tile setters, painters, blackmsiths, mechanics, tailors, printers and the like; but shall not be taken to refer to persons whose work is neither distinctively manual nor mechanical, but rather professional, artistic, mercantile or clerical, as pharmacists, draftsmen, photographers, designers, salesmen, bookkeepers, stenographers, copyists and the like. The foregoing definition is subjectto change, and will not preclude the Secretary of Commerce and Labour

from deciding each individual case which comes to him by way of appeal in accordance with the particular facts and circumstances thereof.

(22, Seamen.-23, Stowaways.-24, Ports of entry, Canada.--25, Admission and exclusion, Canadian ports.-26, Ports of entry, Mexico.—27, Adinission and exclusion, Mexico.--28, Fine, bringing of diseased aliens.—29, Fine, failure to deliver manifests.-30, Fines,

reporting of.) RULES RELATING TO DEPORTATION.

(31, Deportation, aliens subject to.-32, Public charges from prior causes. -33, Public charges, medical certificate.—34, Deportation, application for warrant.--35, Deportation, procedure.-36, Deportation, cost of maintenance.—37, Deportation, attendant.–38, Depor

tation, where to.-39, Deportation by consent.) RULES RELATING TO TRANSIT.

(40, Aliens in transit.-41, Aliens in transit, head tax for.) MISCELLANEOUS RULES.

(42, Cattlemen.-43, Administration of oaths.-44, Posting of immigration acts.—45, Official communications.-46, Telegraphing.

47, Uniforms.) StatistiCAL RULES.-I.-XXXII.

(B) STATES.

MASSACHUSETTS

Resolutions relative to an amendment of the Federal Constitution enabling Congress to enact laws regulating hours of labour. (Adopted in the House of Representatives on the 23rd February, 1906, and in the Senate, in .concurrence, on the 28th February, 1906.)

Resolved,—That in the opinion of the general Court of Massachusetts it is desirable that the Constitution of the United States should be so amended as to put it clearly within the power of Congress to enact laws regulating the hours of labour in the several States, according to some uniform system; and the Senators and representatives of this Commonwealth in Congress are hereby requested to use their influence to secure the adoption of the pending resolution proposing such an amendment to the Constitution.

Resolved, -That properly attested copies of these resolutions be forwarded by the Secretary of the Commonwealth to the presiding officers of both branches of Congress, and also to the Senators and representatives in Congress from this Commonwealth.

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I. Loi du 29 décembre 1905 sur la Caisse de prévoyance des marins français

contre les risques et accidents de leur profession. (B. de l'O., d. T. XIII.,

No. 2, février 1906, pp. 171-8.) 1. Act of 29th December, 1905, relating to the insurance of French seamen

against the risks and accidents of their calling.*

*

*See E.B., I., p. LXXIV.

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