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girls ceased, the coon-hunter came not and horses' feet outside. When he came back the night passed in peace.
he was grinning. It must have been near daybreak that I “Hit's your mules.” was aroused by the old man leaving the “Who found them?” cabin and I heard voices and the sound of “The Wild Dog had 'em,” he said.
(To be continued.)
EASTMAN JOHNSON, PAINTER
By William Walton
ILLUSTRATIONS FROM MR. JOHNSON'S PAINTINGS BY PERMISSION OF MRS. EASTMAN JOHNSON
N this professional career would work till the last day and begin again seem to have been exempli- immediately when in his island studio. fied the natural results of the From his first sitter, the family cook-porcombination of an innate tal- trayed surreptitiously by escaping from the ent so positive that it scarcely church organ loft Sunday morning during
had need of the usual train- service and hastening homeward—to the ing in the schools and of a singleness of pur- last, in the winter of the present year, he pose which was almost equally out of the accomplished a prodigious amount of work. common. All the talent that a man may The cook's portrait was so evidently a have is required to make him an artist, Mr. likeness that the paternal wrath was disJohnson was in the habit of declaring, “and armed; and, for once, the pathway of art all his time.” In the fulfilment of this last was made smooth. It is pleasant to record hard condition he was aided by an admira- the adventures of fairy princes and the lives ble constitution, unfailing good health, a of successful artists which may be said to very sound digestion, anda physical strength approach them in joy of achievement and given to but few. Till within the last few freedom from sordid details--privations, years of his life, notwithstanding his ad- failures, and despairs. The father of this vanced age and the fact that he was a some- painter, Philip Carrigan Johnson-who what heavy man, it was his custom to as seems to have recognized his son's talent cend each morning to his studio in the top with commendable promptness-was a disof his residence in West Fifty-fifth Street tinguished citizen of Maine, having held the (and he would not have an elevator in- office of Secretary of State for thirty years, stalled), and paint steadily, standing, from under succeeding administrations. There nine or ten in the morning till dusk. Not had been an uncle, Major Johnson, in the even for his frugal luncheon, as his family Continental Army. Of the eight children testify, would he always interrupt his work. of Philip Carrigan and Mary Chandler When brought up to him, he took it while Johnson, two of the three sons attained emstill on his feet. George Inness is said to inence, the youngest, Philip C., Jr., rising have painted fifteen hours a day when suf- to the rank of rear-admiral in the United ficiently absorbed in his work, and also to States navy. Eastman first saw the light in have generally worked standing, even on the small town of Lovell, near Fryeburg, in small canvases. To paint continuously for the western part of Maine, in the summer more than a few hours, in the most com of 1824. His earliest recollections, as he fortable of circumstances, without losing records in his notes, were of the family's refreshness of judgment and sureness of eye, moval to Fryeburg, and when he was nine, is difficult enough, as the painters know. they again moved, to Augusta, the capital. In the early summer, when the household He does not appear to have particularly arrangements were being made for the an- distinguished himself at school, and at the nual removal to Nantucket, Mr. Johnson age of fifteen was placed in a country store.
Becoming convinced in the course of a what old-fashioned turban and “shorttwelvemonth that, in his own words, he was waisted, puff-sleeved, gored, velvet gown" “not going to be any credit to his master,” to which she still clung, and to which she and having so informed him, he abandoned lent such a grace that not even "critical commerce and all its ways.
young girls” would have had her change. His father accordingly secured him a sit- It is related that Daniel Webster was so uation in a lithographic establishment in pleased with this portrait that he wished to Boston, where he soon made himself valu- possess it, and the artist executed a replica able in designing titles for books, music, for him. On a commission from Governor etc. Of this, also, he wearied at the end of R. C. Winthrop of Massachusetts, Johnson a year, went back to Augusta, took a room drew a portrait of Webster, at the same sitin his father's house and began his portrait tings which the statesman was giving Healy, work, his sitters including members of the the painter, for the collection of Louis Legislature and other prominent citizens. Philippe of some of the most distinguished These portraits were crayon drawings, the Americans for the galleries of Versailles general demand for which had not yet been (1845). In 1886 Governor Winthrop prediminished by the introduction of photog- sented the Massachusetts Historical Society raphy. He visited Newport, and spent a with a photograph of this crayon portrait, season in Portland, Me., where he executed “which has been hanging on my walls for the portraits of Longfellow's parents and of forty years,” and which, he said, had also his sister, Mrs. Pierce, there resident. But been lithographed. The original drawings the capital of the nation, with its official of the portraits of Dolly Madison and Mrs. character, its foreign residents and chang- Hamilton, as well as a small one of Webster, ing population, seemed to offer the most are still in the possession of Mrs. Eastman promising field for his art, and to Washing- Johnson, as are, indeed, very many otherston he accordingly went, some little time drawings and paintings, portraits and genre before his family followed him. Governor — "the original is the best, and that you canFairfield of Maine, having become Senator not have,” being the artist's usual formula. from that State, wished to obtain for Mr. John Quincy Adams also sat for him, as Johnson, Sr., the post of chief clerk in the did General Sewell, an old Revolutionary Department of the Navy, this post being officer, Judges Story and McLean of the that afterward known as that of Assistant Supreme Court, some of the foreign minSecretary. But "the pressure of politics” isters, members of Congress, etc. Professor prevented his appointment, and Mr. John Morse, who was "still esteemed as a paintson became, instead, chief clerk in the Bu- er,” came to see him, and as he was leavreau of Construction and Repairs. This of. ing said: “Well, you can reach the top of fice he held during the rest of his life; in his the ladder if you wish to.” The Washington later
years he took for his second wife Mrs. sojourn was broken by summer excursions Mary James, née Washington, a sister of to Augusta, and terminated by a return to Richard Washington and one of the nearest Boston, where Longfellow gave him comrelatives then living of the Father of his missions for portraits of himself and of his Country. In 1845 Eastman was estab- friends Emerson, Hawthorne, Charles Sumlished in a successful practice; one of the ner and President Felton of Harvard. The Senate committee rooms in the Capitol was first of these made a great impression upon given him for a studio, and it was in this the artist; in later life he was wont to deaugust atelier that he executed the portrait scribe with much enthusiasm the geniality, of the widow of Alexander Hamilton in the amiability, the great personal charm of 1846. That of Mrs. Dorothea Payne Mad- the Sage of Concord. In Boston he estabison, relict of the great little Madison,” as lished his studio first in Amory Hall, and she herself qualified him, was done in her later in Tremont Temple, on the site of the own residence, this sprightly lady being old Tremont Theatre, opened in 1827. His still in the flower of her popularity. “Mrs. friend, George Henry Hall, stiil living, had Madison is a particular pet,” wrote Mr. also a studio in this building; and among James M. Mason to Miss Chew, "being his fellow-practitioners was Samuel W. only fourscore years." Mr. Johnson drew Rowse, one of the most successful of these her, as we may still see, in the then some- "crayon-limners,” but who had
actor for a brief period, his only appearance In these first pastel heads, dated 1846 and on the stage, the story ran, having been one 1847, may be seen his rapidly developing evening in the rôle of Richard III. The technical skill in the use of color; a little usual price for these crayon portraits at this thin, and bluish in the shadows at first, they period seems to have been twenty-five dol- very soon became fuller, richer in tone and lars each, though it afterward rose rapidly, modelling and in warm, broken color. So Rowse declaring in later life that some- successful had he been when, at the age times received as much as four hundred dol- of twenty-five, he decided to go abroad, he lars for a head. These drawings were usu- had acquired a capital sufficient not only ally sketched in with charcoal and finished for the trip but also to provide a fund for the with hard crayons, the modelling put in completion of the education of his sisters. with a "stump.” Mr. Hall remembers that In a letter still preserved his father exin Johnson's case they were usually exe- presses his appreciation of this fund, which, cuted in two or three sittings, but not infre- however, he states he will keep intact. July quently there would be two sittings a day. 15, 1849, Messrs. Johnson and Hall set sail He worked with a certain sureness of eye for Europe in the good ship William and hand, his attack was prompt and effec- Shakespeare, with a full-length presentation tive, and there were very few erasures and of the bard, carved in wood, for a figure-head recommencements.
at her bow. This somewhat unusual nautiBut the painter's color sense was stirring cal appellation was owing to the fact that within him, and the need for wider fields. the vessel had been formerly one of the In Boston he commenced to draw in colored Dramatic line of ships, all of which bore crayons; "but I never had a master,” he appropriate names, Roscius, Garrick, etc. testifies. It is Mr. Hall's recollection that The voyage lasted some sixty days, to the his first painted portrait was that of Whit- mouth of the Scheldt; when the ship came tredge, the landscape painter; and this por- to anchor for the third time in the river, betrait is still in Mr. Whittredge's possession. fore reaching Antwerp, the two artists de.