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Bomford has been here, just now & given the favorite. It was hoped, on her husme an account of the Ball, which he says was band's going out of office, she would have elegant, splendid & in perfect order. The left the city, but she will not. She hopes for President & his family were not there. a complete triumph & is not satisfied with The Vice President & lady & the members having the Cabinet broken up & a virtuous of the new cabinet were. Mrs. Bomford & intelligent minister recalled, & many of was in her grand costume,-scarlet velvet our best citizens frowned upon by the Presirichly trimmed with gold embroidery, the dent. Our society is in a sad state. Inlarge Ruby, set in diamonds, for which Col. trigues & parasites in favour, divisions & Bomford has refused five thousand dollars, animosity existing. As for ourselves, we & which I believe you have seen, she wore keep our of the turmoil, seldom speak & in her turban. Mr. Baldwin,* notwithstand- never take any part in this troublesome & ing his disappointment, for he confidently shameful state of things. Yet no one can expected a place in the Cabinet, was, Col. deny, that the P.'s weakness originates in B. says, excessively merry. During all this an amiable cause, – his devoted & ardent bustle in the city, Mr. Adams was quietly friendship for Genl. Eaton. fixed at Meridian Hill, to which place he & his family had removed some days be

To Mrs. Kirkpatrick fore. Everybody is in a state of agitation,

Christmas, 1832. gloomy or glad. A universal removal in

The ambition some felt for its the departments is apprehended, & many honors exists no longer, & this was one of are quaking & trembling, where all depend the strongest stimulants to activity & exeron their places.

tion I ever felt. But a life in Washington The city, so crowded & bustling, by to- cures one of ambition for honors & distincmorrow will be silent & deserted, for peo- tions, by exhibiting them in all their vanity, ple are crowding away as eagerly as they instability, & transitoriness, & unveiling crowded here. Mrs. Porter goes on Satur- at the same time all the pains & some vexaday, Mrs. Clay on Monday, Mrs. Wirt & tions appertaining to them. I wonder if Southard in the course of the week. We Mr. Clay realizes these things & can learn are asked to a party at Mrs. Wirt's tonight, to be content with the portion he possesses. but shall not go.

Were we to have a peep into his bosom what

a lesson we should learn. And Mr. CalTo Mrs. Kirkpatrick

houn,* will his high soarings end in disap

pointment & humiliation or be drowned in August 29, 1831, SIDNEY. blood ? However he may now err, he is one

What does Lyttleton now think of the noblest & most generous spirits I have of Genl. Jackson? The papers do not ex- ever met with. I am certain he is deceived aggerate, nay do not detail one half of his himself, & believes he is now fulfilling the imbecilities. He is completely under the duty of a true patriot. What a happy nagovernment of Mrs. Eaton, one of the most tion we were! Alas, & may we not write, ambitious, violent, malignant, yet silly we are? The impending political storm, as women you ever heard of. You will soon you may easily suppose is almost the exclusee the recall of the dutch minister an- sive object of interest & conversation. ... nounced. Madm Huygen's spirited conduct in refusing to visit Mrs. E. is undoubt

To Mrs. Kirkpatrick edly the cause. The new Cabinet if they do not yield to the President's will on the

Wednesday, 12th, 1835, January. point, will, it is supposed, soon be dismissed.

They all paid long visits, & this Several of them in order to avoid this di- morning, just this minute, Miss Martineau.f lemma, are determined not to keep house At so early an hour I expected no one & was or bring on their families. Therefore, not so engaged in this letter, that I scarcely keeping house, they will not give parties &

lle of his efforts to apply the nullifica. may thus avoid the disgrace of entertaining tion theory.

+ Harriet Martineau came over in the summer of 1834, * Henry Baldwin, of Pennsylvania. He was appointed a when she was thirty-two years of age and in the zenith of judge of the Supreme Court in 1830.

* He was in the mi

her fame.

raised my head, when the door opened & to see her in a social & domestic manner. two plain looking ladies (one of the ladies, This I repeated this morning & told her was Miss Jeffries, her friend & companion) when the hurry of her gay engagements was walked in. They had walked & I had not over, I would ask a quiet day. “Name attended to the ringing of the door bell, not what day you please after this week, & it expecting visitors at this hour. “I have shall be reserved for you,” replied she. come early," said she, "to make sure of find- Yesterday she dined at the President's, & ing you at home, & because it is my only in the evening went to a large party. Todisengaged time. I yesterday planned a day she dines at Sir Charles Vaughan's * quiet sitting of two hours with you, but I & in the evening a party at Mrs. Butler'sť found it impossible.” She is a woman you (the attorney general) two large evening would love, so plain, unaffected & quiet in parties to which she had promised to go, her manners & appearance, yet animated violent headaches, induced by the crowds in conversation. She brought me a letter of company during the whole day, obliged of introduction from Mrs. Eckart, & sent it her to send an appology. Her health is very with her card, the day after her arrival, oth- delicate. During the last year she has been erwise I do not know whether I should have laboriously employed, to such a degree as called on her, under our present plan of do- to impair her health. Absolute relaxation mesticity, & the feelings thereby induced, & change of scene were prescribed, & she for when one lives out of company one thought she could obtain both these remeshrinks from it. Accompanied by the girls dies by making the tour of U.S. But if folI called on her, sent in my name. There lowed by such crowds, her aim will be dewere three or four other ladies in the room, feated. From her manners & appearance but her advancing to receive us, was a suffi- no one would believe it possible she could cient indication that she was Miss Mar- be so distinguished, celebrated, followed. tineau. She was sitting in a corner of the The drollest part of the whole is, that these sopha, which supported the arm & hand, crowds, at least in Washington, go to see which held the speaking-tube to her ear, the lion & nothing else. I have not met she handed it to me saying, “Do you know with an individual, except Mrs. Seaton & the use of this?” I answered affirmatively her mother, who have read any of her works, by an inclination of my head & putting the or knew for what she is celebrated. Our tube to my lips, soon forgot I held it, & con- most fashionable, exclusive Mrs. Tayloe, versed as easily as if not through this, it said she intended to call, & asked what were must be confessed, awkward medium. As the novels she had written & if they were I had always understood she was of the Lib- pretty? The gentlemen laugh at a woman's eral if not radical party, the advocate of the writing on political economy. Not one of poor & of the working-class, I did not an- them has the least idea of the nature of her ticipate the reception she has met with from works. I tried to explain them to Mr. Freour dignitaries & fashionables. But the linghuysen, Clay, Southard & others. But English minister was the first to wait on her, enough of Miss Martineau for the present. introduced her into the Senate, to the Presi- If she interests you, tell me so & I will dent, &c., &c., which at once made her Ton. give you what further details. But perShe has literally been overwhelmed with haps like your Bayard you may think it all company. I have been told that the day ridiculous. after her arrival near 600 persons called, (an exaggeration I suppose) but the number

To Mrs. Kirkpatrick was immense. Poor I had been planning to show her the same kind of friendly, plain

Febr. 4th, 1835. attentions I had done Mrs. Brenton & Miss

Friday 5th. And now for Miss Sedgwick, & offered to call with the carriage Martineau, since you desire to hear a little & accompany her to Congress, to make her more about her, particularly of the day she calls of ceremony, &c., &c. When I found passed here. But I really must give you a these calls had been dispensed with, & the previous scene which amused me extremely President's family & Secretaries ladies had & will not be without some diversion for first called on her, I told her I did not give

* The British minister. nor go to large parties, but should be glad

† Benjamin F. Butler, of New York.

you. The day previous to our little dinner order me the pies, partridges & pheasants party, I sent for Henry Orr, whom I had al- from the French cook, & Priscilla can do ways employed when I had company & who the rest.” “Indeed, ma'am, you had best ” is the most experienced & fashionable wait- -"No more, Henry," interrupted I, "I er in the city. He is almost white, his man- am not Mrs. Woodbury.” “Why to be ners gentle, serious & respectful, to an un- sure, ma'am, her's was a particular dinner common degree & his whole appearance on account of that great English lady's dinquite gentlemanly. “Henry,” said I, when ing with her.” “Did Miss M. dine there?” he came, “I am going to have a small din- “La, yes, ma'am, & I was quite delighted ner party, but though small, I wish it to be to see the attention Mr. Clay paid her, for peculiarly nice, everything of the best & indeed ma'am I consider Mr. Clay the greatmost fashionable. I wish you to attend, est & best man now living, & sure I should & as it is many years since I have dined in know, for I served him long enough. Oh company, you must tell me what dishes will he

kindness through & through & it was be best. Boulli, I suppose, is not out but proper, ma'am, that the greatest man, of fashion ?” “No, indeed, Ma'am! A should show attention to the greatest lady. Boulli at the foot of the table is indispensa- He sat by her at dinner & talked all the time ble, no dinner without it.” “And at the just to her, neither of them eat much. I head?” “After the soup, Ma'am, fish, took particular notice what she eat, so I boil'd fish, & after the Fish, canvas-backs, might know another time what to hand her, the Boulli to be removed, & Pheasants.” for she dines everywhere, ma'am, & I see “Stop, stop Henry,” cried I,“not so many her taste was very simple. She eat nothing removes if you please!” “Why, ma'am, but a little Turkey & a mite of ham, nothing you said your company was to be a dozen, else, ma'am, & Mr. Clay hardly as much, & I am only telling you what is absolutely they were so engaged in conversation. I necessary. Yesterday at Mr. Woodbury's listened whenever I was near & heard them there was only 18 in company & there were talking about the national debt. Mr. Clay 30 dishes of meat.” “But Henry I am not told her our debt was paid off & she told him a Secretary's lady. I want a small, genteel she hoped their debt would soon be paid off dinner.” “Indeed, ma'am, that is all I am too, & they consulted a great deal about it.” telling you, for side dishes you will have a “Why is Miss M. such a great woman, very small ham, a smallTurkey, on each side Henry?” “Why, they tells me, ma'am, of them partridges, mutton chops, or sweet- she is the greatest writer in England & her breads, a macaroni pie, an oyster pie_" books doing monstrous deal of good.” —“That will do, that will do, Henry. Now “Well, Henry, it is for this Lady, my dinner for vegetables.” “Well, ma'am, stew'd cel- is to be, but it is a family dinner, not a cereery, spinage, salsify, cauliflower." "Indeed, monious one. She is to spend the day just Henry, you must substitute potatoes, beets, in a social friendly way with me.” “Why, &c." "Why, ma'am, they will not be gen- ma'am, that is just as it should be, as you teel, but to be sure if you say so, it must be are a writer too. But indeed, ma'am, if so. Mrs. Forsyth the other day, would have not another besides her was invited, you a plum-pudding, she will keep to old fash- ought to have a grand dinner. I should like ions." "What, Henry, plum-pudding out you, ma'am, to do your best. It is a great of fashion ?” “La, yes, Ma'am, all kinds respect ma'am she shows you & a great of puddings & pies.” “Why, what then kindness you show her, & I dare say, ma'am must I have at the head & foot of the table?” she'll put you in one of her books, so you “Forms of ice-cream at the head, & a pyra- should do your very best.” But I carried mid of anything, grapes, oranges, or any- my point in only having 8 dishes of meat, thing handsome at the foot." “And the tho' I could not convince Henry, it was more other dishes?" "Jellies, custards, blanc- genteel than a grander dinner. He came mange, cakes, sweetmeats, & sugar-plums.” the next day, & leaving him & the girls as “No nuts, raisons, figs, &c., &c. ?" "Oh his assistants (for Anna absolutely locked no, no, ma'am, they are quite vulgar.” me out of the dining room) I sat as quietly “Well, well, Henry. My dessert is, I find, in the front parlour, as if no company was all right, & your dinner I suppose with the expected. Mrs. Randolph, Mrs. Coolidge exception of one or two things. You may (Ellen Randolph that was) James Bayard & B.K.* were the only additional guests to (in general she disregards her toilette) & Miss M. & Miss Jeffrey her companion. looked so dignified & well, for I wished About 3, B. K. came. I only was in the Miss M. to see the daughter of Jefferson to parlour, the girls were dressing, presently advantage. Mrs. C. looked lovely & eleAnn came down, & told me Miss M. & gant. I gave Mrs. R. a seat next Miss M. Miss J. were up stairs in my room. “And But she said but little & afterwards told us, you left them there alone?” exclaimed I. the very touch of the Tube, put all her ideas “To be sure," answered Ann, with herusual to flight. She went to the contrary extreme nonchalance. “I have never been introduced of Mr. S., & kept the cup pressed so tightly to them & they asked me to show them to a on her lips, that she could scarcely open chamber.” “And you let them goin alone!!” them. Mrs. Coolidge managed better, & “To be sure." I hastened up stairs & conversed with perfect ease & great fluency found them combing their hair. They had until dinner, which was not served until five taken off their bonnets & large capes. “You oclock, when the curtains being drawn & see," said Miss M. "we have complied shutters closed, the candles on the table with your request & come sociably to pass were lit & made everything look better. the day with you. We have been walking Miss M. sat next me, Mrs. R. below her, all the morning, our lodgings were too dis- Miss Jeffries led in by B. K. sat between tant to return, so we have done as those who him & Mr. S., & was, they say, extremely have no carriages do in England, when they entertaining. J. Bayard sat all the time by go to pass a social day.” I offered her Mrs. C., the old friend of his sisters & combs, brushes, etc. But showing me the seemed delighted with her. Dinner went enormous pockets in her french dress, said off very well. I conversed a great deal with they were provided with all that was neces- Miss M., as Mrs. R. would not. Our consary, & pulled out nice little silk shoes, silk versation was very interesting & carried on stockings, a scarf for her neck, little lace in a tone that all the rest of the company mits, a gold chain & some other jewellry, could hear. One fact was new & strange. & soon without changing her dress was Speaking of the use of ardent spirits by the prettily equipped for dinner or evening poor, she said its high price precluded its company. We were all as perfectly at our use, there were now few gin-shops. Opium ease as if old friends. Miss M.’s toilette had been substituted by the poor for gin, & was soonest completed & sitting down by apothecaries boys kept constantly busy, me on the sopha, & handing me the tube, making up penny & ha-penny worths of we had a nice social chat before we went opium. It was taken not in sufficient quandown stairs. I introduced Mr. Smith, my tities to exhilerate, but only to stupefy & nephews, & son &c. Mr. S. took a seat on satisfy the cravings of hunger. What a the sopha by her, & I on a chair on her wretched state of society does this imply! other side, to be near to introduce others. Her conversation is rich in most interesting It was quite amusing to see Mr. S. He illustrations of manners, facts & opinions took the tube & at first applied its wrong & what she said at dinner, if written down cup to his lips, but in the warmth of con- would fill 4 or 5 such pages. While at table, versation perpetually forgot it, & as he al- a note from Mr. Clay was handed me, so ways gesticulates a great deal with his hands handsomely written & so full of complihe was waving about the cup, quiteforgetful ments for Miss M. & regrets from being of its use, except when I said, as I continu- prevented joining our party in the evening, ally had to do, "Put it to your lips.” But that I handed it to her & she then burst Miss M. has admirable tact & filled up the forth in an eloquent eulogium of him. It gaps of his part of the conversation, made was near 7 when we returned to the parlour, by the waving of the tube, by her intuitive which was brilliantly lighted, (as I think perception & talked as fluently of Lord light a great promoter of social pleasure). Brougham, Lord Durham & other political Mr. King was lounging in the rocking chair, personages, of whom Mr. S. enquired as if quite at his ease. He knew Miss M. & inshe had heard every word. A little after 4, stantly sat down on one side of her, I on the Mrs. Randolph & Mrs. Coolidge came. I other. Mr. King * engaged her in details was glad Mrs.R.was so handsomely dressed about the English affairs & great men. * Bayard Kirkpatrick, her nephew.

* Probably John Pendleton King, Senator from Georgia.

She was copious & interesting in her details. Mr. Palfrey, the unitarian clergyman (ours I wish I could relate a hundredth part of was asked but did not come) & about a what she said, but it is impossible. She dozen gentlemen, made up the evening pronounced Lord Durham (Mr. Lambton, party. Mr. Frelinghuysen & Mr. Calhoun that was) to be the greatest man now in both sat & conversed a great deal with Miss England. “He will soon be our premier, M., & most of the company by turns sat a he will be the savior of England!” said she while by her. Mr. Calhoun is one of her with enthusiasm. He is her greatest & greatest admirers, his Mess gave her a din

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most intimate personal, as well as political ner, Mrs. Bomford was unexpectedly pleased friend. All the other distinguished men because unexpectedly she felt herself at ease passed in review. It was a rich treat to with Miss M. She is so simple, plain, good hear her. Her words flow in a continual natured & unaffected, that I wonder every stream, her voice pleasing, her manners quiet one does not feel at ease. Ease & anima& lady-like, her face full of intelligence, be- tion pervaded the whole of the company, we nevolence & animation. She always leans had some delightful singing from the young back in the corner of the sopha, seemingly ladies, Scotch songs to perfection. It was unconscious of the presence of any one ex II oclock before the party broke up. Every cept the person she is talking with. Mr. & one gratified at an opportunity of meeting Mrs. Frelinghuysen & Mrs. Burgess (a most Miss M., in such a quiet, social manner. lovely young widow) Mrs. Thornton, Mrs. The next day, by appointment, I accomBomford & her family, Mr. & Mrs. Cal- panied Miss M. & Miss J. to Kalorama. houn & her 3 young ladies, the Southards, Anna Maria went with us. In a carriage

VOL. XL.—68

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