« EelmineJätka »
clover, presents the same difference in size, as the BOTANY.
cuckoo and the water wagtail, it may be guessed WALKING FERN.-I send a specimen of the
what mischief it does to the crop. I find this curious plant Asplenium rhizophyllum or Walking
species here on several kinds of clovers and their
allies, in the fields, Picris heracioides in the hedgeFern, rare in our neighbourhood. I gathered it at Flat Rock, on the Schuylkill River, about eight
rows, and I found a specimen on a pelargonium in miles above Philadelphia. It possesses the curious
my greenhouse; and to-day I have taken up a property of rooting from the end of the leaf, and
parsley root with this species of broom-rape atwould soon cover a large space with its matted
tached. It is the only species I have found here, foliage. Its favourite habitat is rocky woods, or
and an examination of it inclines me to think that lichen-covered rocks under shady trees. I should
there is some confusion in the nomenclature of our be pleased to collect and forward any species of
broom-rapes, as I find specimens varying in size plants growing around here to such of your readers
from two or three inches to twenty inches in height. as may think them worth the postage.-G. W.,
Occasionally too, but very rarely, they are branched, Philadelphia, V.S.
but in all the examples I have examined the fold
at the upper lip simulating a notch (see Syme's LATTICE STINKHORN (Clathrus cancellatus). - | description, “English Flora," vol .vi.) is very sigOn the 14th of June, one of the above-named rare nificant. I confess to having doubts about the fungi, was brought to me by Mrs. Browne of Asli difference in species, from our present plant and field Tor. The species has, I believe, never been Orobanche minor.-J. B. found in England, excepting in two localities, in
VARIETIES OF FERNS.— I have found wild in the Torquay, and one or two specimens in the Isle of
woods here, Lastræa filix-mas, var. cristata, for Wight. The first that was found in Torquay was
which Moore, in “Nature-printed Ferns," only gives in the grounds of Mrs. Tracey, who gathered it in
two places in Devonshire. Also, Athyrium filixthe egg, or nidus state, and as she carried it into
fæmina, var. polydactylum, aud Scolopendrium vulthe house, the beautiful lattice-like top suddenly broke through the white upper skin of the cap, and
gare, var. multiforme. - W. D. R., Lonsdale, West
moreland, rose into its latticed form. The bars of the lattice work were so like coral, both in colour, and apparent A STICK WITHOUT AN END.-There may be substance, that you might believe them carved out seen in the churchyard at Shaftesbury, a somewhat of that substance. The pileus is of the purest remarkable freak of nature. In the language of the snow-white, somewhat reticulated, white veinings. foreman at the gas-works, it is “a stick without an The hollow part at the bottom cap is full of a end." A branch of a goodly elm has grown into, green slime of the most detestable odour. The and become part of another branch of the same late Mrs. Griffiths, the well-known algologist, tree, in such wise that it has become really “a figured the specimens found by Mrs. Tracey; stick without an end."--H. Pocklington. Miss Griffiths also brought me several specimens
The OxLIP.-It appears to me that a great deal in different stages. It was ten or twelve years
of the uncertainty with regard to this plant, arises ago that I had these specimens from Miss Griffiths,
from its being so often confused with the variety and about two years afterwards, some little girls
caulescens, of P. vulgaris, which it somewbat brought me two or three fine ones from Ashfield,
closely resembles. This is very common in many the only place, excepting those in Mrs. Tracey's
parts of the country, and will be often found to grounds, where I have heard of their being found.
have single primroses on the same plant, P.veris, Since that time I have not seen a Clathrus
may have claims to hybridity, but after examining cancellatus, until this one was brought me this
great numbers of individuals, the specific distincmonth. If any of the readers of SCIENCE-Gossip
tions always remain well-defined and clear. The has seen or heard of this fungus at any other place in England than those I have named, I shall feel
only point upon which I feel misgivings, is that it
occurs at wide intervals, and has a very limited obliged by information on the subject. The smell of
distribution in those localities, whereas, it ought all that I have had has been so offensive that I could
to be as abundant, cæteris paribus, as the primnot bear them even on a passage table and under a
rose or cowslip. If your correspondents will conbell glass, and was obliged to keep them out of
sult Professor Babington's Manual of Botany, they doors.-M. D. P.
will find the characters well given. The leaves THE OROBANCHE PICRIDIS. -Picris Broom-rape abruptly contracted below; the lanceolate-toothed occurs in Dorset in such quantity that, on my farm calyx, the points of which are reflected when the between Yeovil and Sherborne, I have estimated plant is in fruit; the concave corolla-limb; and that in a field of clover are 11,073 plants to the open mouth; abundantly serve to distinguish P. acre; and as the parasite when compared with the | deris from all others.-L.
| he thought himself justified in recommending to the MICROSCOPY.
club, from the assistance he had himself received
from it. DIATOMACE.E.-It will be interesting to the
CILIARY MUSCLE OF THE EYE.-At the Quekett readers of SCIENCE-GOSSIP to know that Herr
| Microscopical Club (May 24th), Ernest Hart, Esq., Eulenstein of Wurtemberg is at present engaged on
President, submitted his reasons for doubting the a complete synopsis of British and Foreign Dia
existence of sphinctral muscles, or circular fibres of tomaceae. It is to consist of five sections, and each
ciliary muscle, which could influence the accomsection has to be accompanied by 100 slides of
modative action of the eye, and in a very interesting mounted diatoms, each slide being as far as practic
and lucid communication expounded the theories able pure, that is free from intermixture of diatoms,
which have been 'propounded, to account for the other than those it is intended to illustrate. I
accommodation of the eye, with the result of his own believe Herr Eulenstein will be glad to receive
investigations on the subject. communications from any English diatomists, of pure gatherings of either fresh-water or marine THE STUDY OF Mosses.-Dr. R. Braithwaite, diatomacex, but specially of the latter.-T. P. F.L.S., at the Quekett Microscopical Club (June 26), Barkas, Newcastle-on-Tyne.
read a paper on the structure and classification of
mosses, during which he gave a succinct account of MOUNTING DESMIDS.-The great want which the structure, growth, and development of these has marred all efforts (to mount desmids success- plants, with hints for their collection, preservation, fully) has been a fitting medium; a fluid of such a and examination, adding thereto some remarks on nature that the plant, when immersed in it shall not the principles adopted in their classification. A become distorted, or indeed receive any appreciable large number of mounted preparations, illustrative change for a long lapse of years, provided the l of the subject, were exhibited under a series of cement inclosing it retains its air-tight properties. / microscopes provided for the purpose. Later in The want of success, it must be allowed, has not i the evening, it was proposed that classes for the arisen from the positive evaporation of the liquids
study of mosses and microscopic fungi should be employed, but from the method of employing them.
organized in the autumn, Dr. Braithwaite and Mr. Following a natural law, the frustule, immediately | M. C. Cooke offering to take charge of such classes upon being inclosed in its cell, begins to part with respectively. the water contained within itself. And what is the consequence? The surrounding medium cannot OTOLITES.—Mr. Higgins complains of the report take the place of the water, the primordial utricle of his communication on this subject, published at contracts, the contents of the cell collapse, and p. 151–that he did not read a paper, but comthe plant is left as much changed and disfigured municated his observations vivá voce, hence our as though it had been originally dried. The bota report, taken from shorthand notes made for the nical world is, therefore, greatly indebted to Herr committee, was not literally correct — that Hantzsch, of Dresden, for his researches in this
“Otolites” was spelt incorrectly throughout the direction, which have resulted in discovering an report. And, finally, he sends us a corrected acarrangement which completely supersedes the count, which we fear that we cannot avail ourselves various unsatisfactory plans hitherto adopted. of, in a manner so as to make the errata wholly [This plan is fully detailed in “Nave's Handy
intelligible to our readers, except by reprinting the book to Collection, &c.,” just published, from which
entire communication. In line 23, read “ though in the above remarks are quoted. The old process
some members of the Ray family and the Sharks, would occupy too much space to quote entire ;
there is a tubular prolongation of the lining memwe must therefore refer our readers to the book
brane, reaching from the otocrane to the external itself, in which they will find many other useful
surface of the skull. In almost all other fish, the hints.-Ep.]
whole of the auditory organs are contained in the
otocrane, which are two decp depressions in the MICROSCOPIC MEASUREMENT.–At the meeting interior of the skull, situated on either side of the of the Dublin Microscopical Club (21st of March), brain." And at p. 152, line 6, “ The sacculus Mr. Stoney submitted to the club reasons which consists of one large sac, containing the central appeared to him, in the present state of science, to otolite. The ordinary position of the superior otolite require the general adoption by scientific men, of is at the junction of the anterior and posterior semithe subdivisions of the metre in estimating micro circular canals, but in two specimens, &c." And at metrical magnitudes. He observed, too, that all line 16, “From the lower sac, two tubes pass confusion and inconvenience arising from the use of through the base of the skull, communicating by a fractions may be avoided by a very simple extension chain of ossicles with the tube of the anterior airof the nomenclature of the metrical system, which bladder. These ossicula are the only true, &c."
kyan Bey, with the interesting collection illustratNOTES AND QUERIES.
ing the manners and customs of modern Egypt
exhibited in the above-named museum.-P. * LocusTS WITH Tails.—There is a species of locust, one of the genus Acridium,'with a projecting LARVA OF HYDROPHILUS.- Could any of your spine between the fore legs. Is it possible that the correspondents (especially the lady who signs writer to the Clerical Journal, not being a “ Helen Watney,” and gave so interesting an naturalist, made the mistake of imagining this spine account of an insect vivarium in the Scienceto be a tail ?-N. G. W.
Gossip for April, 1866,) inform me how these little
creatures should be fed? The eggs in the HydroCHEATING A SPIDER.-Some time ago I amused philus nest which I described in last month's nummyself by watching a very large spider at work in ber, were hatched on the eighth day. About sixty a fine large web. After observing him complete his fine, healthy, lively larva came out. We supplied task, and post himself on the look-out, I tried him them plentifully with water plants, and finding they with some flies, which he soon settled. One day I did not eat them, with small red worms-all in tempted him by touching the web, and evidently vain : they grew languid, and all died within a fort. deceived him more than once. On one occasion I night-I fear of hunger. Should we succeed in presented him with a small piece of raw beef about obtaining a nest another year, we should feel very the of an inch long, which I held to him on the grateful to any one who would advise us as to how point of a pencil. The first time he seized it fiercely to avoid a similar catastrophe.-L. H. F. with his strong jaws, but almost immediately after. wards threw it away in disgust, nor would he again GUACO.-In answer to Henry Cooke, in the last venture, though I tried him several times. Once, number of SCIENCE-GOSSIP. I lived for some time after much fine weather, it threatened rain, and I in South America, and mixed a good deal with the saw him carefully passing over his web along the natives, and I know for certain that they inocuspiral threads, detaching them as he passed each late themselves with the juice of the “Guaco” in intersection with the radial lines, and forming the their feet, and always carry some of the leaves whole into a roll or ball beneath his abdomen, which, about them, to eat in case of a bite from a snake. when he had reached the centre of the web he care I cannot say from experience that Guaco is a cure fully let drop to the ground, and then retired to a for a snake bite; but unless it is so, I cannot snug corner on the gate, to which his principal ties imagine why these Indians think so highly of it. were attached. There he remained during several That the snake-bird does as mentioned by your days, until I no longer had the opportunity to con correspondent, I can confidently affirm. – Rev. tinue my observations. All the radial lines of the William Goss. web were left intact, as though he intended making future use of them.-J. B. Keene.
NEW LEGS.-In S. G. for June, Mr. William
Dodson calls attention to a note on a thrush that Nut BORERS.-For the benefit of your sub had been kept in a cage acquiring a new pair of scribers in general, and of Mr. S. A. Stewart in legs. Surely no person in this age believes in such particular, I beg to state that the author of the a phenomenon. I will, however, give Mr. Dodson nut-boring, mentioned in your last number of what I consider to be the real foundation for SCIENCE-Gossip, is the Myoxus avellanarius, class such an absurd supposition. Having had a number Sciurida, so called from their principal food being of such deformities brought under my notice, I can hazel-nuts. It is gregarious, building principally speak not only from what I have heard, but from in dense thickets near the ground, where it what I have really seen. I have found that it is lays up a considerable winter stock of nuts, wild not an unusual occurrence to see thrushes, blackapples, corn, baws, &c. It has all the habits of the birds, larks, and many others, after being confined common squirrel, holding its food between its two some years in a cage, with their legs deformed in fore paws, and sitting upon its haunches whilst the manner I am about to describe. From some feeding. Towards winter it becomes exceedingly cause--want of the necessary food or exercise-the corpulent, and when winter fairly sets in it retires scales of the legs increase to a prodigious size, to its nest, and remains dormant nearly the whole often being five or six times as large as the ordiwinter, clement weather only rousing it at times to | nary legs, and taking a downward growth, frefeed. Towards spring it awakes, and follows its quently overhang the feet, and in some instances usual avocations, conjugal and paternal — the prevent the bird from standing upon a level suryoung being born blind, of which there are generally face. These scales becoming extremely dry, they two litters. It is very easily tamed, and has no are by the slightest accident detached from the leg offensive smell. It is known all over Europe. In as far as the knee joint; the scales at that part England, Kent and Essex most abound in the being smaller, and the skins niore flexible, allow the dormouse, where they are very commonly seen, and mass of scales, still retaining the shape of the are easily caught with the hand. But, lastly, let original legs, to remain suspended. The legs after me warn those of your readers who rejoice in the being divested of their old scales, appear extremely hope of catching, and expecting to catch one, in try thin, and quite pale; and to any person that does ing the experiment, not to hold them by the tail, as not make such an examination as they should, but they very commonly leave the epidermis and fur arrive at a hasty conclusion that the bird bas four between the fingers, and “skedaddle," and thus the legs, and that the cast-off scales, which are so much expectant captor of the fair prize is thwarted. the largest, must be the old legs, are very likely to Cleland Lammiman.
be deceived themselves, and misguide others. I
have seen several instances of hawks that have THE PETRIFIED FOREST.-It may interest our evidently been trapped, and made their escape with readers to know that fine specimens of the silicified the loss of one foot, and several other birds--a wood from the “petrified forest” near Cairo may lark amongst the rest, that had been deprived of be seen in the Technological Museum at the Crystal both feet; and this bird had lived for some considerPalace. They were sent by His Excellency Heke- | able time after, as the legs had quite healed, and
become covered with a hard, horny substance, place, out of doors, in water of the same tem. which enabled it to get about in some way or | perature as the atmosphere, until the third year. If other. Now, surely, if such as your correspondent "G. A. W.” prepared a pond with a natural bottom states be correct, these poor cripples would be fit and without a jet of water, he would most likely subjects for nature's handiwork. But even in such succeed better, as gold fish are said, in common cases where birds are sometimes hatched with four with others of the carp family, not to breed in run. legs, they only make use of two, and were they ning water.-Y.D. deprived of these, the remaining ones would prove useless.-J. B. Waters.
TAIL OF Locust.-The female Locusta viridissima
has a straight sword-shaped ovipositor, which may SNAKE CHARMING. - The remarks relative to possibly be the tail, like that of a scorpion,"I. M. P.” snake charming in SCIENCE-GOSSIP for February, I speaks of. This is not the species which does so remind me of a commonism that I used to hear long much mischief in the East; that being scientifically years ago, at least half a century, in a country. known as Acrydium migratorium, or as it was named place, bearing upon the same subject, it was this: by Linnæus Gryllus migratorius, but possibly the “Get on your own side, speckle-back," and the origin one may have been mistaken for the other.--Y. D. of the saying was given as this a little girl used to sit upon the doorstep to eat her bread and milk, a ARE ANEMONES OVIPAROUS.—On the 14th of snake used to come every morning for his share, July, I observed what I had not before seen, during and if by chance he got on the wrong side, she my eight years' experience as a keeper of marine would give him a rap on the head with her spoon, aquaria. I have frequently seen anemones of exclaiming, “Get on your own side, speckle-back." various kinds multiply by fission, by budding, and Eventually the snake was destroyed by the child's viviparously, but until to-day, I had not seen friends fearing it might injure her, but, unfortu anemones give off ova. I observed a mass of nately, she took her loss so to heart, that she pined greyish-looking matter near the orifice of a very fine away and died broken-hearted.-G. B.
strawberry mesembryanthemum which I have had
in my aquarium for four years, and on attempting to DoG IN TROUBLE.-An acquaintance of mine remove it by means of a brush, which I generally had a rather valuable breed of poodles : amongst the use for brushing the anemones, and for removing number was one that was the most active, lively, impurities, I discovered that the mass was feebly and the finest; suddenly he seemed to lose the gelatinous, and that every attempt to remove it, power of leaping up, and when stroked on the back only removed a portion, the mass being broken by shrunk from the hand. It went on thus for about the brush passing through it. While engaged in six months, growing gradually weaker as if from the removal, I observed another and a larger mass consumption, and then died. A post mortem showed of similar substance, being ejected from the mouth a skewer partially embedded in the lungs, thus of the anemone, and on this occasion, I removed it causing a painful, lingering death. I have no by means of a glass dipping-tube. On examining doubt that these (see p. 63) are by no means soli. the contents of the tube, I discovered it consisted tary cases, and it seems a great pity they cannot be of a mass of ova about oth part of an inch in generally known, as a means of inducing care to be diameter, and entirely covered with radii or ciliary taken to prevent like occurences.--G. B.
processes. When examined under a microscope,
the globules did not present any appearance of CATS AT THE FIRE.-In country places you motion, were very uniform in size, were very will hear this commonism
symmetrical, and perfectly spherical. The quantity
of ovarian matter emitted on the two occasions When the cat sleeps on her brain,
above referred to would have filled a small thimble, 'Tis a sure sign of rain.
and correctly to estimate the number of the ova, And I have repeatedly noticed that when the exceeds my powers of calculation : I roughly estiweather is heavy the cat lies with the back of her mate them upwards of a million. Can any of the head on the ground. There is one thing relative readers of SCIENCE-Gossip inform me if ova so to the cat that I cannot at all understand, I have voided ever become anemones, or are they merely hundreds of times produced electric sparks from unprolific germs ?--T. P. Barkas. the cat's back by rubbing the hair the wrong way; that was in the country some years ago; but here in HAIR-WORMS.-A large quantity of these worms London all my efforts to do so have proved abor were found after the thunder-storm of June the 3rd, tive, although the weather has been cold enough at Epsom and its vicinity, but all disappeared in for such purpose one would imagine, neither do I the afternoon. They were at first supposed to be find any one but my wife who ever witnessed it. Gordius aquaticus, but turned out to be Mermis Can you tell me why?-G. B.
nigrescens. During the dahlia season they are
here parasitic, in the bodies of the earwigs, in the GOLD Fisi.- We have a pond of circular form, proportion of five to ten per cent.-W. P. Iliff, some eighteen or twenty feet in diameter, having Epsom. water-lilies, two kinds of pondweed, water crowfoot, &c.; and had in the dry summer of 1865, not Death's-HEAD Moth.-In “British Moths," by less than eighteen inches of water in it. Into this Edward Newman, authority is brought forward to were placed, two years ago, when it was dug (early verify his statement that the chrysalis and caterin 1865), a few gold fish, which, in consequence of pillar of the death's-head moth (Acherontia atropos) the supply of food which the pond contains, through have power to emit sounds. I have kept a great having so many plants in it, have increased to an many of the former, and have three now, but I have enormous extent, and some of the young ones of failed to hear the slightest noise made by them. I 1865 are already assuming the beautiful metallic know that the moth can (when touched) make a colours which make these fish such an ornament to noise similar to a mouse, but more plaintive.a piece of water, and which does not generally take | Frederick Stanley.
IMPRESSIONS OF LEAVES. – To obtain exact (except after it has got wet), that it is trying to disnature-printed copies of the leaves and impressions lodge the vermin which cling with an astonishing of leaves found in the Lower Bagshot Pipe-clays, | pertinacity to the feathers. Now, while the bird is let “R. C.” mix well with cold drawn linseed oil, thus employed on that part of its body just above indigo and chrome yellow to a very smooth con-| the tail, where there is a gland, some people imagine sistence with a palette-knife, till it assumes a good that the bird is procuring a líquor from the gland, vegetable green; then, with a small camel's hair by means of its beak, in order to apply it to its pencil let him paint the impression very carefully, feathers. But, at best, this can be only mere conand before it gets too dry, he may obtain on thin jecture on the part of the observer, because the paper, by gentle pressure with a piece of clean feathers on the rump completely preclude the flannel, a very good impression.-Wokingham. possibility of his having a distinct view of what the
bird is doing.--Waterton's Essays. MIRAGE.—One hot day in the summer of 1865, a mirage was seen off the coast of Hants : the
Song OF THE LARK.- No doubt much of the image of a large war-ship appeared upside-down, pleasure derived from the song of the Lark depends just above the horizon.-K.
upon association, and to him who finds delight in
wandering over the green fields, along the daisied NUT-BORERS.--In vol. ii., “Insect Architecture," margin of the clear stream that winds in the bottom by James Rennie, pp. 102, Ravages of Insects, of the pastoral glen, or upon the ferny brae, where Mr. Murray will find a short article upon the nut the “lang yellow broom” and “blossomed furze weevil (Balaninus nucum, Germar). As the entire unprofitably gay,” shoot up amidst the wild thyme, article might be too long for S.G., I send a con- varrow, and blue bell, it is pleasant to listen even to densed account for Mr. M.'s information, as he may the “skirl” of the Corn Bunting, the seesaw song of not bave the work at hand. This weevil drills the the Tit, the creaking cry of the Partridge, or the hole with its long horny beak (rostrum) while the singular crake of the Land-rail: but, independently nuts are in their young and soft state, about the of circumstances and associations, the song of the beginning of August; the female lays one egg i Lark imparts'an elasticity to the mind, elevates the which is tbrust into the nut: it is of a brown colour, spirits, and suspends for a time the gnawing of and is batched in about a fortnight, the grub corroding care. - Macgilloray's British Birds. feeding on the interior of the shell as well as the soft pulp. It is remarkable that during this period ! CEMENT WANTED.-I shall feel obliged if I can care is taken not to injure the kernel, which is per. ' be informed through the medium of your “Notes mitted to ripen before it is attacked, for had this and Queries” what is the best cement for fastenbeen prematurely done it would have been starved, ing india-rubber to britannia metal.--William Date. as it had not the power of perforating another nut. It is said to be careful to preserve the original hole MILTON AND READE.--" T. A. II.” writes us in made by the mother by gnawing around its inner , defence of the grammatical construction of the edges, in order to facilitate its exit, which it effects ! passage quoted by “F. A. A." and condemned by when the nut falls to the ground in September or .Mr. Milton in our last number. We cannot sanction October. Two eggs are never laid in the same nut. : philological discussions in our columns, and regret This insect in all probability caused the hole in that Mr. Milton's grounds of complaint against the nut observed by Mr. M.-W. P., Newark. “F. A. A.” should have required such adventitious
aid.-Ed. SKUNK ODOUR.-It is lucky for the trade of perfumers, that their skill in essences has not as yet
Fish Tanks.-In answer to your correspondent attained to the power of concocting a perfume
“G. A. W.” concerning gold fish, I would observe, in equal in persistency to that secreted in the oil-glands
the first place, that the recent covering of the of this most disagreeable animal; if such were the bottoms with Portland cement would in all probacase, the sale of one small pliial would supply an in
bility prove fatal to his fish. It has the same blinddividual for a lifetime. A handkerchief odorized with ! ing and killing properties as lime, therefore all scent so permanent would defy the combined tanks, ponds, basins for fountains and aquariums in powers of soap, soda, and washerwomen to remove the construction of which lime or cement has been the mephitic bouquet, as long as the fabric retained used should have the water drained off once a week its entirety
for about a month previous to the introduction of
the fish. I would also recommend about one inch of Bury and wash, and rub as you will, The scent of the skunk will cling to them still.
gravel sand or burnt earth spread over the bottom.
Your correspondent states that the depth of his Lord's British Columbia.
pond is from 8 inches to 14 inches. Now 14 inches MAGPIE.-I have a magpie the feathers of which! of water is not enough to protect fish from the of late continually looked greasy, as though the bird1 burning rays of a summer's sun, neither is it suffiperspired profusely; and now he has not only lost cient to preserve them from the winter's cold. Give bis tail, but the greater part of his feathers, and them three feet in the middle, procure some roots though once a fine bird has become a miserable ob
of the water lily and a couple of deep propagating ject. Can any one enlighten me as to the cause, or !
| pans in which plant the lilies, well securing them in its cure? As I imagine, it must be in some manner
the pans by placing large stones or pebbles upon associated with his food, a hint or two towards a the top of roots. A pot or two of the Calla plant rectification of his dietary would oblige.-R. H.
look very beautiful in a pond and does well; the
foilage of the lilies will prove an agreeable shelter What's THE BIRD DOING.–People are apt to to the fish without which no fish can thrive. Pursuppose that a bird is preening, or rectifying its suing this plan, I have had them in water under my feathers when they see it applying its bill to its care breed by thousands, so numerous that every plumage, and running it down a feather, from the summer we were obliged to thin them, and this in a root to the extremity; but a man well versed in the gentleman's garden within 4 miles of the Marble habits of birds knows, when he sees the bird do this Arch, London.--Henry Morgan.