« EelmineJätka »
basin is composed of an open sea, only vessels that had the same year athere and there covered with drift ice tempted to sail round Northeast Land The learned geographer, Dr. Peter- were shut up by ice, and had to be mann, has even asserted that it would abandoned by their crews. Before be as easy to sail from Amsterdam leaving the ships, an attempt was Island (79° 47') to the Pole, as from made to sail north, in order to return Tromsö to Amsterdam Island. This this way to Amsterdam Island, but view is in itself so contrary to all ex- they were soon met by impenetrable perience that it scarcely merits refuta- fields of ice. Notwithstanding a high tion, but as different prominent Eng- prize has been offered for the reaching lish Arctic navigators seem inclined to of high degrees of latitude, none of adopt the same view, in spite of the the whalers, who else sail boldly experience gained by their own nu- wherever the hope of gain allures merous Arctic expeditions, we will them, have considered it possible to aere give some of the most important win this prize. We have had opporseasons against this supposition. All tunities of speaking to most of the maswho for a long period have navi- ters of vessels sailing to Spitzbergen. gated the northern seas, whalers and All experience hitherto acquired seems Spitzbergen hunters, have come to thus to prove that the Polar basin, when the conclusion that the Polar basin is not covered with compact, unbroken 50 completely filled with ice that one ice, is filled with closely-packed, unnar. cannot advance with vessels, and all igable drift-ice, in which, during certhe attempts that have been made to tain very favorable years, some larger proceed toward the north have been apertures may be formed, which aperquite without success. Passing by tures, however, do not extend very far older voyagers, Torell and Nordens- to the north. Older narratives, by kiöld ascended, during the expedic Dutch whalers, who are said to have :ion in 1861, on the 23d of July, a reached 86° or 87', nay, even 89}", must high top on Northeast Land, Snötop- therefore be received with the greatest pen (80° 23' L.), without being able, diffidence, if not looked upon as pure from that height, to see trace of open fictions, and the prospect of being water to the north of the Seven Isl- able to advance with vessels from inds. A few days later, when the ice Spitzbergen to the Pole is, no doubt, between Northeast Land and the extremely slight. It would be particuSeven Islands was separated a little, larly unwise to choose the spring for such they could push forward as far as to an attempt, and the passage east of SpitzParry's Island, though they, even froin bergen. At that time and by that pasthe highest tops on these islands sage it would be difficult, if not impossi(1,900 feet, 80° 40' L.), could see noth- ble, to reach even 78° of latitude. ing but ice northward. From the Whereas, on the west side, one can top of White mountain, at the bottom every year depend on reaching the of Wijde Jans Water (3,000 feet), we 80th degree of latitude, and in favorcould, on the 22d of August, 1864, able years it might be possible, in not see anything but ice between September or October, to sail even s Giles Land and Spitzbergen. Some couple of degrees higher.'”
SIXTEEN REVELATIONS OF DIVINE found and difficult, but in the simplest
Love, made to a devout servant of and most inartificial manner, and there our Lord, called Mother Juliana, an is not the slightest appearance of reproanchorite of Norwich, who lived in ducing what she had read elsewhere. the days of King Edward the Third. Every thought bears the stamp of orig12mo., pp. 214. Boston : Ticknor & inality and freshness. All is drawn Fields,
from the same deep well of contempla
tion. All comes from her own mind, We Catholics of the United States whether that mind be divinely illuminhave good reason to congratulate our ated or not. There is not the least semselves upon the appearance of this blance of searching after what is wonwork. The selection of such a work derful, or calculated to strike an undisfor republication is proof of good judg- ciplined and curious imagination. For ment in the Boston publishers, while our own part, we cannot resist the imcertainly nothing can be more elegant pression that the beautiful and holy and tasteful than the “ getting up." light which beams upon these pages is
Mother Juliana lived in the city of a divine illumination, is something suNorwich, England; and, as we are noti- pernatural. When we say supernatural, fied by the famous Father Cressy, who this does not necessarily infer anything first published and edited her “Revela- strictly miraculous, or revelation in the tions," she wrote during the reign of highest sense of the word (supernaturEdward the Third, and about three ally attested, as well as supernaturally Fears before his death. She was an an given). We mean simply to say that choret or recluse, a religious woman there is apparent a certain unction and who, like St. Bees and many others in power of spiritual vision which betokEngland and elsewhere, lived alone, ens an extraordinary gift of divine shut up by herself, in contemplation love and light, to which her natural and prayer. It is to us a great mystery power, unaided, could never reach. In that these “Revelations," so excellent reading this book one is impressed in in themselves, and edited once by such the same way as when reading the Holy a man, should be so little known in our Scriptures or Thomas à Kempis. There day, and should owe their reproduction is a natural beauty of style and once more in English literature to Pro- thought, but that is not all. There is testant curiosity and not to Catholic inspiration, too. It is like a far-reachpiety. We know of nothing of the ing landscape in a fair day, where the same kind which can compare with distant hills are not fairly distinguishathem. There is an odor of supernatu- ble from the sky, and the beauty of ral sweetness about them, and a depth earth is mingled with the beauty of of contemplative thought, a freshness heaven. moreover and originality, which has We have room to give just one examnever impressed us before when reading ple, which we select as showing, in a books of revelations. Critical authors few lines, the general characteristics of have sometimes complained of works piety, sweetness, simplicity, and beauty of this nature that much in them of which everywhere pervade this little what seems elevated or profound is evi- book: dently derived, at second hand, from the speculations of theologians, and
“He is our clothing, that for love wray
peth us, and windeth us, halseth us, and especially of the philosophical schoolmen ; while other things, supposed to
all becloseth us, hangeth about us for ten
der love, that he maie never leave us. have been seen in vision, are the repro- And so in this sight I saw that he is all duction of early histories, once popu- thing that is good, as to my understandlar, but proved to be apocryphal and ing. destitute of all authority. Nothing of “And in this he shewed a litle thing, the kind can be said of these revela- the quantitie of a hasel-nutt, lying in the tions of Mother Juliana. They some palme of my hand, as me seemed; and it times touch upon questions most pro. was as round as a ball. I looked thereon
with the eie of my understanding, and deserve to rank among the most imthought, “What may this be?' and it was portant and valuable productions of answered generallie thus.
his pen. Our readers will find them all " It is all that is made.' I marvelled in Mr. Kehoe's volumes, and many how it might last: for methought it might
other pieces with them which possess sodenlie have fallen to naught for litleness. “And I was answered in my under
a more than ordinary interest. There standing, “It lastėth and ever shall: for
is a long letter here to the Leopoldine God loveth it. And so hath all thing
Society of Vienna, in which Dr. Hughes being by the love of God.'”
exposes in a very graphic and masterly
manner the condition of the Irish emiCOMPLETE WORKS OF THE Most Rev.
grants in this country: to the best of JOHN HUGHES, D.D., ARCHBISHOP OF
our belief it has never been published NEW YORK. Comprising his Ser
before. There is a touching and beaumons, Letters, Lectures, Speeches,
tiful narrative, extracted from the Anetc. Carefully compiled' from thé nals of the Propagation of the Faith best sources, and edited by Lawrence
for 1840 of the conversion of the Dodge Kehoe. 2 vols. 8vo., pp. 668 and Family in western New York. There 810. New York: Lawrence Kehoe, is a description of a storm at sea, writNo. 7 Beekman street.
ten during the bishop's voyage to Eu
rope in 1839. And the second volume In opening these two capacious vol- closes with a “ Christmas Vesper umes, one of the first things that Hymn," which has often been printed strikes us is the great number of ex- before, and even set to music, but will cellent pieces from the pen of the late doubtless be new to many people. Archbishop of New York which are We have mentioned these portions of now entirely forgotten by the general Mr. Kehoe's collection, not only bepublic. There never was an author more cause they are less known than the archcareless of his fame than Dr. Hughes. bishop's great controversies; but beHe cast his writings upon the world, cause every true friend of the lamented and gave no thought to them after prelate's fame ought to desire them to ward. He was not even at the pains be far better known than they are. of keeping single copies of his own Archbishop Hughes was one of the publications. So it has happened that kindest, tenderest-hearted men that inany of his best productions have not ever lived ; and any one who should only been long out of print, but have judge him by the severe, caustic tone never even been heard of except by a of his letters to Breckinridge, for exfew of the writer's special friends, or ample, or his speeches on the school some of our oldest and best read Cath- question, would gravely mistake his olic citizens. We make no doubt that character. Most of the pieces that we the collection for which the Catholic have named, and some others as well, public is so much indebted to the zeal show him in his true and most amiable and industry of Mr. Kehoe, will cause light. considerable surprise among those who The first volume is occupied princisupposed themselves to be well ac- pally by the archbishop's various let: quainted with Archbishop Hughes's ters and speeches on the School Quesliterary labors. How many persons, tion; his letters to David Hale, Mayor for instance, lave ever heard or remem- Harper, and Colonel Stone; Letters on ber anything of a tract of some thirty the Importance of being in Communion or forty pages called “An Answer with the Catholic Church; Kirwan to Nine Objections," which Father Unmasked ; and a number of miscellaHughes published when he was first a neous lectures and sermons. The secpriest? Or of his controversies with ond contains a number of letters, serDr. Delancey, the late Protestant Epis- mons, etc., on the Temporal Power of copal bishop of western New York, the Pope; various lectures; over and Dr. Onderdonk, P. E. bishop of thirty miscellaneous sermons; the Pennsylvania ? Or of his letters on In- Church Property Controversy with Senfallibility," written while he was in ator Brooks and others; and a great Philadelphia ? Or his once famous deal of miscellaneous matter, including series of letters on the “Importance of the archbishop's speeches at banquets being in Communion with the Catho- etc., during his last visit to Europe. lic Church ?" And yet some of these Bishop Bayley's admirable lecture on
the Life and Times of Archbishop ture. It was like an old sail endowed with Hughes is given in full, by way of in
life-a hanging cliff of weather-beaten flesh troduction to the second volume.
-like one of the clay boulders which oc
curred in that sand-bank. He had on a hat Mr. Kehoe's collection is the most
which had seen salt water, and a coat of important contribution to the history
many pieces and colors, though it was of the Church in the United States that
mainly the color of the beach, as if it had has been made for many a year. Arch
been sanded. His variegated back-for bishop Hughes not only played an im
his coat had many patches, even between portant part in the ecclesiastical histo
the shoulders-was a rich study to us, ty of his time and country, but he may when we had passed him and looked be said without much exaggeration to around. It might have been dishonorable
have made that history. His writings for him to have so many scars behind, it I are destined to hold a permanent place is true, if he had not had many more, and
in American Catholic literature by the more serious ones, in front. He looked as side of those of Bishop England, while
if he sometimes saw a doughnut, but from their subjects, as well as the com
never descended to comfort ; too grave to paratively cheap form in which they
laugh, too tough to cry; as indifferent as
a clam,-like a sea-clam with hat on, and are now presented to us, they will no
legs, that was out walking the strand. doubt be more popular than those of
He may have been one of the Pilgrimsthe illustrious Bishop of Charleston.
Peregrine White, at least—who has kept
on the back side of the Cape and let the CAPE Cod. By Henry D. Thoreau. centuries go by. He was looking for wrecks, Boston: Ticknor & Fields. 1865.
old logs, water-logged and covered with 12mo., pp. 252.
barnacles, or bits of boards and joists
even chips, which he drew out of reach of This is a readable book, notwith
the tides and stacked up to dry. When
the log was too large to carry far, he cut standing some of its critics have put it
it up where the last wave had left it, or, flown as “ dry." The keen observa- rolling it a few feet, appropriated it by tions, and quaint remarks sprinkled all sticking two sticks into the ground crossover its pages, keep its reader in good wise above it. Some rotten trunk, which humor chapter after chapter until the in Maine encumbers the ground, and is, book is read. Thoreau's books are perchance, thrown into the water on purhealthy, and deserve to be read, espe- pose, is here thus carefully picked up, split cially by our young men.
and dried, and husbanded. Before winter This is true of the general tone of the wrecker painfully carries these things 1113 writings. Occasionally, however. up the bank on his shoulders by a long there is a slight vein of skepticism run
diagonal slanting path made with a hoe
in the sand, if there is no hollow at hand. ning through them. But he has less of this than his contemporaries.
You may see his hooked pike-staff always
Thoreau lying on the bank, ready for use. He is a deep religious feeling, but he the true monarch of the beach, whose tound no expression for it in the relig- 'right there is none to dispute.' and he is ious denominations around him. Had as much identified with it as a beach he lived in the fifth century he would bird.” have been a father of the desert. As it is, he gives you the natural side of THE STORY OF THE GREAT MARCH, life and things exclusively, but with From the Diary of a Staff Officer, freshness and originality.
By Brevet Major George Ward NichThe sturdy integrity of the man, the ols, Aid-de-camp to General Sherman. fixed determination of seeing life and With a Map and Illustrations. 12mo., things with his own eyes, and his re pp. 394. New York: Harper Brothers. solve to have his own say about them, is what characterizes all his writings,
The advance of General Sherman, and what makes them valuable where
with 70,000 men, through the heart of popular opinion sways.
the seceded states, will ever be memAs a sample of his talent for descrip orable in the annals of American histion, read the following pen-drawing of
tory as the greatest achievement of a wrecker:
modern times. From the time of his * We soon met one of these wreckers, departure from Atlanta, Ga., until the & regular Cape Cod man, with a bleached purpose on which he started was acand weather beaten face, within whose complished in the surrender of Gen. wrinkles I distinguished no particular fea Johnston, near Raleigh, N. C., his move
ments attracted the attention, and call- tice and his unselfishness may be seen in ed forth the criticism, of unmilitary as his refusal to accept the commission of a well as military men in Europe and major-general in the regular army which America. Many were the prophecies ut- was offered him previous to the fall of tered of his total failure, but the able Atlanta. In his letter declining the honcaptain who conceived the plan and or, he said: “These positions of so much
trust and honor should be held open till to whose care it was intrusted, carried
the close of the war. They should not be the expedition successfully through.
hastily given. Important campaigns are
hastil Of this march most of our readers have in operation. At the end, let those who read more or less, in the daily papers. prove their capacity in merit be the ones These statements have oftentimes been appointed for these high honors.' very incorrect and vague, from the ex- "General Sherman's memory is marvelcitement and hurry of the correspond- lous. The simplest incidents of friendls ents in getting them up. The hand- intercourse, the details of his campaigns, some volume before us, however, is a citations of events, dates, names, faces, clear and concise narrative of that great remain fresh in his mind. A soldier who march, noted down from day to day by may have addressed him long years ago in a member of General Sherman's staff. the swamps of Florida ; some heroic deed of The author in this sketch gives us a an officer at Shiloh ; a barn or a lill-side true narrative of the entire march, and in Georgia; a chance expression of your account of the interview between Sher
own which you may have forgotten; miman and Johnston. His style is plain
nutest description of the plan of the cam
paign ; whatever he has seen, heard, or and unaffected, but occasionally a little
read, he remembers with astonishing ac inflated. This, however, is pardonable,
curacy. Napoleon had a similar trait. for he is very brief, and brevity, the poet “lle is also remarkably observant, espesays, “is the soul of wit.” IIe wastes cially of the conduct and character of the but few words in “saying his say," and officers of the army. He sees what many has evidently taken much pains in get persons suppose it is impossible for his ting his statements in as small space as eye to reach. In an army of 70,000 men, possible. The book is embellished with it might be reasonably imagined that the a fine map of the march, and several commanding general is too far removed appropriate wood-cuts. It also con- from the great mass to know or be known tains General Sherman's official reports
by them, but when it is remembered that
Sherman has marched during this camof the campaign, and statement before
paign alternately with one and another the Congressional committee on the
corps, it ceases to be a matter of surprise conduct of the war--valuable docu
that he is thoroughly acquainted with the ments in themselves. We copy the fol
character of the different organizations lowing extracts from the chapter per In truth, nothing escapes that vigilant and sonal to General Sherman :
piercing eye, from the greatest to the mi.
nutest detail of the command. “Late in the summer of 1864, I was re “General Sherman is sociable in the best lieved from detached service in the west, sense of the word. When the responsi. and ordered to report to the general com bilities of the hour are cast aside—and he manding the military division of the Mis throws them off with the utmost facility sissippi. I found General Sherman at At - he enters into the spirit of a merrylanta, seated in the parlor of his headquar making with all the zest and appreciation ters, surrounded by several of his generals, of the jolliest of the party. He has a and shall never forget the kindness with keen sense of wit and humor; and not which he received me when he heard that unfrequently he is the centre and life of I was a stranger in the western army; he the occasion. He converses freely, yet he said, “ Very well; I will retain you on my is reticent to the last degree, knowing how staff.' The expression of gentleness, sym to keep his own counsel, and never be pathy, and consideration which accom traying his purpose. He is cautious and panied this brief announcement, made an often suspicious; yet no man ever accused impression upon me which will be fully un him of deceit or dishonesty either in word derstood by any officer who has had the or deed. His unmeasured scorn and confortune to be suddenly ordered to a tempt are visited upon pretense, new phistrange and distant field of duty, where lanthropy, arrogance, self-conceit, or boustanxiety and embarrassment awaited him. ing; but he never fails to recognize and The incident is introduced here because it pay a hearty tribute to unpretentious gives the key-note to a striking feature in merit, courage, capacity, Christian manli. the character of General Sherman.
ness and simplicity. He is not prodigal "A striking evidence of his senso of jus. of promises, but his word once given is