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to you, and it will be of great spiritual thing she could do. Having no other advantage to you. Oh! oh! but if husband to kill, and even deprived rewe give him rice, will he eat it before cently of human sacrifices by the us? Oh! of course not. He does English government, Kali has enornot eat in company. I place the rice mous quantities of black kids sacrificed before him ; I close the door careful to her. I often see flocks of several ly, and go away; when I come back hundreds of them coming into town; some time after to open the door, the votaries of Kali have their heads he has it all eaten up. Thereupon we cut off at a celebrated temple we have begin to laugh; the priest smiles, too, here in Calcutta. For you must and we move away. .

know, Calcutta signifies temple of You meet under almost every large Kali! I went one day to see these tree four or five of these gods, or even sacrifices. The temple is a spall a greater number. Over them the affair; but all around a great number Indians hang cocoa-nuts, full of a of other gods, attracted, doubtless, by water which escapes drop by drop, the scent of blood, come to establish from a little hole bored in the bottom. their dwelling. It is thus that they keep their gods . Let us go on. That great straw cool. You often see a regular series shed which you see yonder covers an of little temples, built one after the enormous car, having a great number other, on the same base. Usually, of very heavy wheels. Many a man there are six on one side, six on those wheels have crushed. It is the the other. In the centre of each of car of Juggernaut, that devil to whose them there is a black stone, fairly festivals the English government sent representing an anvil covered with European soldiers only a few years a hat. That stone is a god. A great since ; not to maintain order, but to number of them are sold in Calcutta take part in the procession. Djagherat from ten to twelve rupees a piece nalt (the Indian name of this idol) (twenty-five or thirty francs).

remains with Bolaraham and SouBut here is a temple of Kali, the bâdhra, his brother and sister, in a terrible goddess of destruction, in temple opposite the straw shed. A honor of whom the sect of Togs has great number of the Indian gods have devoted itself to murder for ages long. a taste for moving about ; hence those They say there are still Togs who kill kiosks that you see everywhere, and for killing's sake, especially in Bengal. which serve them as resting places. The goddess is standing; she is al. The prettiest is the shade of a banmost black; has four arms armed yan-tree, with about a hundred stems, with daggers and death's-heads; a whole wood in itself. around her neck is a double necklace, But we must leave the Hindoo which hangs to the ground, composed gods; we have barely time to pay a of hundreds of little figures also rep- short visit to Chandernagor. Let us resenting death's-heads. The best of take the railroad again, and go on it is that her tongue hangs down mid- some minutes' ride further. Another way on her chest. To pull the tongue time we shall, if you choose, come by is a sign of astonishment in Bengal. water, ascending the Hoogly to twenNow Kali, returning one day from ty-one miles north of Calcutta. There, the war, with her chaplet of skulls on the right bank of the broad river, round her neck, met a man, whom she is a strip of land two miles in length naturally killed first and foremost. by one in breadth, where some sixty That is the dead body that lies under persons live in European style, with her feet. She asked the name of the some thousands of Bengalese, who individual, and was much surprised to live in Indian fashion ; it is the find that she had killed her husband. French colony. Then she pulled her tongue, the best The Indian employés cry with all

their might“ Chan'nagore! Chan’na- ing between us, I began again to gore !” Let us get down, and out address him in French on any subject of the terminus, and when we have that presented itself. He looked at crossed that ditch, ten paces before me with mouth and eyes open. us, we shall be in France. As the Supposing that he had not heard what centre of the European habitations is I said, I repeated it. He was then a quarter of an hour's walk from this forced to confess that he did not know point, we throw ourselves here into a word of French; that he was an a four-seated carriage, and thread our Irishman, an old soldier. In short, way through roads wretchedly out of he was an original, well known in the repair, at the risk of upsetting an hun- country by his eccentricity, and styling dred times, or of getting sea-sick by himself the hero of 132 fights. Now the way. I have often passed that retired from the service, he is writing place in company with Frenchmen; his exploits in a little diary full of fun we endeavored to feel an impression, and humor. He detests England by humming

lores France in general, and attacks

all Frenchmen in particular. Once “Vers les rives de France," etc. *

at his ease, after his candid confession, One day when I was making ready he took to chatting, and talked so to brave those perilous roads in com- much and so well that we forgot the pany with two Irishmen, there came jolting of the carriage, and even the into our carriage a large gentleman, lofty and magnificent trees that fringe whose weight would have been formi- the road. dable to us, had I not managed to bal. After some winding about, and after ance his pounds by my kilogrammes.f passing a great number of Indian By his appearance I took him for a huts, and meeting hundreds of HinBriton, and, therefore, took no pains doos loaded each with a great pitcher to enter into conversation. But after of water, here we are at last in a a little, one of my Irishmen, annoyed street. Rue de Paris, if you please ; by the jolting of the carriage, said to long and dirty, and ill aired; nothing me in English: “Faith! these French- remarkable; let us pass on. Rue men needn't boast of the way they Neuve, in ruins. Rue des Grands Eskeep these roads of theirs.” At this caliers, so narrow that the slightest remark, you should have seen my staircase before a door would block stout gentleman leap, and with a it up completely. Let us go on, turn menacing air reply to my interlocu- to the left, and here we are at the tor: “I warn you to say nothing here river side. Here all is large and against the French. I am a French- wide-quay, river, houses, gardens. man.”

Without stopping now, let us go on This was said in English. I had immediately to the end of the quay, not yet opened my mouth. I thought where we shall rest and refresh ourI would appease my irascible fat man selves in a friendly house. It deserves by speaking to him in his own tongue. that name in three ways, for, 1st, it • Come, come,” said I, “no one here was formerly the house of God, an has any intention of laughing at the ancient chapel of the Franciscans. French.” My man instantly drew in An old plank yet to be seen there still his horns, stammering three or four bears the following inscription in syllables which I could not understand. French, nowise remarkable for good “Magical effect of the mother tongue!” orthography: This church is dedithought I; and ten yards further on, cated to St. Francis of Assissium." in order to perfect a good understand. 2nd, It belongs to the venerable pas

tor, Father Chéroutre, who is now our * Toward the shores of France," etc.

neighbor at Bailloul. And, 3rd, It is occupied by M. Moyne of Lyons, one

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of our old pupils, of whom I have al- The Bengal dog is a wretched ready spoken to you. He stands on and cowardly animal, long muzzle:1, the threshold, and receives us with red-haired; he barks little, but howls Open arms.

incessantly. Be very sure that The Franciscans were formerly he will assail us persistently in the pastors at Chandernagor; this chapel lanes, as we pass now in the evening, served as parish church; their con- distance being our only security vent is now converted into a hotel. against him. There are also in th3 From one of its windows there is a country, and even in the city, a grea: magnificent and extensive view, thanks number of paria dogs, that prowl to the river and the level character of around, especially by night; a species the ground. That square tower to of wild beasts ; not very dangerous, the left is the guard-house; for there however, because of their cowardice. is here a French army, composed of It is said that dogs of European race thirty Indians, commanded by a Euro- gradually degenerate here. " pean lieutenant. They pretend, but Those rockets that you see going erroneously, that these thirty soldiers up from all points of the horizon are have but twenty uniforms amongst a daily amusement in which the Benthem, and that often, when the guard galese take much delight. There is is relieved, the new comers enter, not scarcely ever a fire-work worth seeonly into the functions, but also into ing; but there is fire, smoke, and the clothes, of their comrades. It is crackers, and that suffices. Somea calumny of “perfidious Albion;" times they send up little paper balmy information is certain. I have it loons, with a ball of lighted camphor, from the general-in-chief. Close by which burns a good quarter of an is the police station. With their white hour. tunics, their red pantaloons, these In- But look yonder: is not that a fire ? dan policemen have very much the A bright light flashes on the tree-tops look of altar-boys. This fine house and on the European houses. No, it to the left is the house of the adminis- is not a fire; it is a marriage. The trator, or, as he is styled by courtesy, procession is turning the corner of the governor. Let us go in. We the street; a score of Indians carry shall see this governor, a fat little each on his head a plank, on which man, born in the colonies. He will some fifty candles are burning; others speak a little on everything, but carry resinous wood burning on the especially on honor and the happiness, top of a long pole; in the centre of to him so rare, of receiving a visit the procession trumpets, drums, large from a man of learning. It is very and small, pots and saucepans, produce unlucky that his lady has the influenza a frightful din, each musician having at this moment; for she is an astrono- no other rule than that of making the mer, and had ever so many questions greatest possible noise. Behind the to ask me whatever day I should have orchestra come one or two open palanaccepted their invitation. Another quins containing the brides, around time will do as well. The governor whom “blue lights” are lit from time himself is a horticulturist; he has his to time. I defy you to form any corgarden kept in perfect order by Indian rect idea of this cortège, and especially convicts, who drag the cannon ball of the music. They go about thus along his walks.*

from street to street for several hours ; The sun is setting ; let us go home. then they will eat rice to satiety, We shall see in the streets of Calcut- gorge themselves with Indian pastry, ta what is seen there every evening; and to-morrow will not have a single dogs, fireworks, and marriages.

sou. We see that from our terrace

several times in the week, and, at cer• A military punishmento-TRANS. tain seasons, every day.


If I am not mistaken, I have said There are Christians amongst them, nothing yet of the character of these who are oftenest found as cooks or poor Indians. In this respect some kansama amongst the Europeans; but reserve is necessary. I hear it said they know not the first rudiments of that there is very little resemblance their religion, go to church only on between Bengal, Maduras, the Bom- Good Friday and All Souls' Day, and bay territory, the Punjaub, etc. As are generally admitted to be worse for the Bengalese, all agree in regard- than the pagan servants. ing them as the most degraded; they Our day is now ended. If you are are effeminate, idle, and cowardly by fatigued, come and rest yourself on temperament; liars and thieves by the college roof, constructed as a plaieducation. They often dispute form, like those of all the other houses amongst themselves, but never fight. in the country. There, evening and That cowardice encourages many morning, but only then, the heat is Englishmen, who beat them at ran- bearable. I sometimes go and sit dom when they have nothing else to there to think of my friends. I look do. My idea is that, unless miracles back into the past, forget the present. of grace be wrought for them, it is and, as I do everywhere else, laugh at scarcely possible to make true Chris- what worldlings call the future. The tians of these poor people. The only future is heaven. It seems to me that means of establishing Christianity I am nearer to it here than in Europe. amongst the race would be to buy May God grant us grace to gain it their children, and bring them up, one day or another! away from all contact with the others.




“All thy works praise thee, O Lord."

UP, up on the mountains, high up near the sky,
Where the earth gathers moisture from clouds passing by;
Where the first drops of rain patter down full of glee,
As they join hand in hand on their way to the sea ;

There the rills, like young children, go prattling along,
Full of life, full of joy, full of motion and song ;
And, swelling the brooks, with glad voices they raise,
To him who made all things, their tribute of praise.

Then, as they dance onward, half hidden in spray,
Like bands of young nymphs dress'd in bridal array,
With shouts of wild laughter they leap the deep linn,
Where the broad flowing river at once takes them in.

Now calm their rude mirth as they matronly glide,
Bearing onward rich freight to the blue briny tide,
Where the mist of the mountains once more joins the sea
With its incense, O Lord, ever heaving to thee. .

Translated from the German.


heavily, as if oppressed by a weight

of sorrow. The house-rent was due, CHRISTMAS EVE had come. The the fire-wood was reduced to a few bells of the high towers in majestic sticks, hardly enough to last two days, and solemn tones were reminding the his little sister needed a new dress, his faithful that the advent of the Lord mother good strengthening nourishwas near. Here and there through ment, the apothecary's bill was to be the gathering darkness already glim- paid, and where were the means to mered a solitary taper, casting a fee- be found ? ble light upon the streets, where a Heavily and slowly he rose from throng of people, large and small, his seat, as if standing would lighten young and old, were moving to and fro his burdens, and cast his eyes thoughtwith joyful activity, impatiently await- fully around the apartment. “ The taing the hour when the treasures and bles and chairs," he said to himself in splendor of the Christmas market an under-tone, " are gone not to come should be opened to them. Good back, the pictures too are sold, and the mothers were engaged in quietly and clock also; and now it is your turn, secretly baking the cakes and adorning O my books! It cannot be helped ; I the Christmas-tree for the children, and have spared you for a long, long shared beforehand in the delights and time.” At these words he stood besurprises of the little ones, while fore the book-case and gåzed on the others, who had perhaps chosen the few but good books by which he had best part, were preparing themselves so often been instructed and counselled, in still devotion and pious meditation and which had remained with him in for the great festival.

joy and in sorrow. Each of them The young student of theology, was dear to him, associated with Ernest Kuhn, was sitting in his little some dear remembrance either of joy upper chamber, watching, with eyes or sorrow. Sad and wavering, he full of deep affection and sympathy, his looked at them again and again, as if dear mother, who, after a confinement he could never part from them. At to her bed of several weeks, had been last, after long hesitation, he took refreshed for the first time by a peace- down from the shelf a large bound ful sleep. His countenance was light- volume ; it was a Bible adorned with ed up with an expression of great in- beautiful copper-plate engravings. “I terior joy, for on this day the physi- can best spare you,” he said sadly, cian had announced to him that his “for I have two more in Greek and in mother had safely passed through a Latin; I shall meet with the most perilous crisis, and that, with care, a ready sale and get the most money for speedy recovery might be expected. you. My grandfather who is in heav

But he turned his eyes from his en will forgive me this; I have other dear mother and looked upon the bare remembrances of him; Agnes will walls, which gave a speaking proof of grieve and weep greatly for the beauthe poverty of the inmates, then a tiful Bible, but I think I can easily cloud of sadness passed over his quiet her, and I can also give my countenance, his young breast heaved mother a satisfactory explanation."

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