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alone, and only for the time being. We some enough, is so loosely and carewould like to ask him whether this is a lessly executed as to endanger already certain, necessary, and universal truth, some of the leaves falling out. We true for all times, and every individual ? recommend our Catholic publishers to Is it so? Then by the same process show a little more of the enterprise and which proves it to be so, you can estab- thoroughness requisite in first-class lish a complete system of universal houses. Mr. O'Shea has given them a truths, and among them the universal good example in Dr. Brownson's or Catholic principles of the Catholic "American Republic,” which we trust Church. We admit the infallible light will not be without a good effect. We of reason, excluding his limitations, again recommend this admirable work which are ipso facto destroyed if he an- to our readers as one of the best in the swers our question in the affirmative. English language on the great topics of If in the negative, the assertion he has which it treats. made is true only for himself, as a kind of provisional arrangement-a sort of To

THE AMERICAN REPUBLIC: Its Consti. lark lantern borrowed for the evening.

tution, Tendencies, and Destiny. By It is quite probable that by-and-bye the

0. A. Brownson, LL.D. 8vo. New un may rise, and the dim rays of his lan

York: P. O'Shea. Pp. 435. 1866. ern blend with its brighter beams. The nfallible light within may tell him that

This is a work brought out in a very he needs the revelation of God, and the instruction of the Catholic Church.

superior style of typography which Decidedly the most valuable article

does great credit to the enterprise of in the number is the one on “ English

the young publisher, Mr. O'Shea, and is Schools and Colleges." It is evidently

worthy of its great subject and its

equally great author. We have only written by one who is perfectly familiar

had time to read the preface, which with the English system of education,

breathes the exalted philosophical and contains many valuable hints and

wisdom, the noble, magnanimous spirit, Fuggestions for the improvement of our

and the pure Christian faith of the own colleges. We recommend all those

illustrious Catholic publicist and who are engaged in the higher branches

American patriot who wrote it. A of instruction to procure and read it; and, indeed, the author would do them

more extended notice of the work

itself will appear in our next number. i great service by publishing it separately as a pamphlet, with such additions as he might think suitable to enhance HISTORY OF ENGLAND FROM THE FALL its value.

OF WOLSEY TO THE DEATH OF ELIZA-
BETH. By James Anthony Froude,

M.A., late Fellow of Exeter College, OUR FAITH, THE VICTORY ; OR, A COM Oxford. Vols. III. and IV., 8vo.

PREHENSIVE VIEW OF THE PRINCIPAL New York: Charles Scribner & Com-
DOCTRINES OF THE CHRISTIAN RE pany.
LIGION. By Rt. Rev. John McGill,
D.D., Bishop of Richmond. Balti The fourth volume of Mr. Froude's
more : Kelly & Piet. 1865.

work ends with the death of his hero,

Henry VIII. The portion of the history This new edition of a work already embraced in the instalment now before noticed in our pages is well printed, us includes, therefore, many picturesque and, if the paper were of somewhat incidents, which the author narrates tiner quality and the binding a little with his most charming and brilliant better, would be a very handsome pen, and with that quick eye for draFolame. The extravagant price of matic effect which lends such a fascinapaper at present is a very fair excuse tion to his style. In a notice of the first for the first defect, although we cannot and second volumes we expressed with help regretting that a work of such sufficient clearness our judgment of Mr. high merit and permanent value should Froude's faults and merits, and we see not be brought out in a style complete no reason to modify our previous stately worthy of it. If our copy is a fair ments. He professes to have originally specimen, however, there is no excuse approached liis subject without prejufor the binding, which, though hand- dice or any purpose of running counter to the commonly received opinions of LITERARY INTELLIGENCE. the world; but he does not deny that Messrs. Murphy & Co., Baltimore, an he has come to take a very different nounce for publication at an early des view of Henry and his times from that the following works: A new imprure accepted by the rest of mankind. He and enlarged edition of Archbishop Sp.has this advantage over his critics ding's “ Miscellanea ;" a new edition that, as he makes use of state papers and “The Evidences of Catholicity," by the other manuscript records which are not same author; “The Apostle bip ! accessible to the world at large, it is not Prayer," a translation from the French always possible to test the correctness the Rev. H. Ramière, S.J.; "The Man of his quotations or the justness of his of the Apostleship of Prayer;" newei inferences from official documents. We tions of Ellen Middleton," " Lady Bir can only say that in the few instances and Grantly Manor," by Lady Ful se in which it has been in our power to ton; and of " Pauline Seward." follow him in his researches, we have P. O'Shea, New York, announce learned to distrust not only his accuracy “ The Life of St. Anthony of Padua but his honesty. We must wait until “ The Life and Miracles of St, Phi, some other and dispassionate historian mena ;" “ The Christian's Daily Gurit shall have explored the same fields be- a new prayer-book; the second voluer fore we can detect all his misrepresenta of " Darras' IIistory of the Church." tions and rectify all his errors.

P. Donahoe, Boston, announces the

publication of a new illustrated mom liUMOROUS POEMs. By Oliver Wendell zine for the young folk. It is to be cal!

Holmes, with illustrations by Sol. “Spare Hours," and is to appear els Eytinge, Jr. Boston: Ticknor & in December. There is room for kuchs Fields. 1865.

publication, and we hope it will prore

a success, and that Mr. Donaboe si A cheap but neat edition, bound in make it equal to anything of the ki: pamphlet form, forming one of a series published in this country. A of Companion Poets for the People, magazine for the young has been a 33 illustrated." Dr. Holmes is our Thomas long felt. The subscription prir | Hood, in some respects more to our two dollars per year. taste than his English compeer. His

BOOKS RECEIVED. humorous poems, though steeped in From TIE AMERICAX News at the double distilled oil of wit, have no PANY, New York: “ Aurora Flord," poison in them, and are wholesome and M. E. Braddon. 12mo., pp 374 "IL delicious, when taken laughing in Ordeal for Wives." A novel, hoste small doses.

author of " The Morals of Marae

12mo., pp. 418. “ Rebel Brag and ord THE PRACTICAL DICTATION SPELLING- ish Bluster: A record of unfai"

Book, in which the spelling, pronun- prophecies, bafiled schemes, diapas ciation, meaning, and application of ed hopes, etc., etc. Br Owl almost all the irregular words in the Paper, pp. 111. English language are taught in a We have also receivel a neat 12 manner adapted to the comprehension pamphlet, of twenty-four page 3 of youth. For the use of schools. titled: “Notes on Willson's Resom By Elward Mulvany. New York: by S. S. Haldeman. P. O'Shea.

From the Hon. Wm. II. Scru

Secretary of State, Washington: "L The plan of this book is excellent, plomatic Correspondence for 154 and will, we have no doubt, be general. Parts 3 and 4." ly a lopted in our schools. It has evi- From (HARLES SCRIEXER F ciently been compiled with much care York : “ Plain Talks on Famiin

al attention. The scholar that mas- jects," a series of popular latin ters its various sections will not be apt J. G. ILolland. 12mo., pp. 33 to make those ridiculous mistakes in Froin P. O'STI, New York. V spelling and writing which are so pre. Vers 14, 15, 92115 of " Darras I valent in the community. In the next of the Church." edition the typographical errors ought From D. & J. SADLIER & Ca. to be attended to. The present one York : Parts 5, 6, an li of Dr contains too many such errors.

Lives of the Popes.'

THE

CATHOLIC WORLD.

VOL. II., NO. 11.–FEBRUARY, 1866.

nnslated from Etudes Religieuses, Historiques et Littéraires, par des Pères de la Compagnie

de Jésus.

CHARLES II. AND HIS SON, FATHER JAMES STUART.

• I.

kept him in continual fear of the axe

by which his unfortunate father had Of all the Stuarts who reigned over suffered, he felt constrained to observe areat Britain only one, if historians in public the forms of worship which in be trusted, abandoned Anglican- he had solemnly renounced before the m and became a child of the Catho- altar. And to this we must add an

Church. It is true that to the other reason. Far from reforming ime of James II, that of his elder the disorders of a licentious youth, he rother, Charles II., has sometimes been prolonged his excesses to the very eve ided; but the general opinion is that of death, and his unbridled passions harles had no religion whatever, tended to extinguish in his naturally ad scoffed at all creeds alike. Docu- weak and timid soul all the energy ents, however, which have lately alike of the man and of the Christian. en brought to light, enable us to So, though a Catholic at heart, Charles cove that both the sons of Charles I. never had the courage during his vandoned Protestantism, and that in whole reign to avow his sentiments. teir persons Catholicism occupied for Some thought him a zealous Presbyore than twenty years the throne of terian; others, a devoted Anglican. lenry VIII.

Those who knew him better declared To understand how the religion of he was nothing but a bad Protestant, barles II, could remain so long an and for that declaration they had istorical enigma, we must recall to more reason than they supposed. ind the peculiar circumstances in There is no question that he died hich he was placed. Surrounded by in the bosom of the Church, but that naticul sectaries, who yielded him a he had returned to it long before he ind of insubordinate obedience, and died is a fact which has only lately

VOL. II. 37

been established. After lying for two tuousness should turn his back upon hundred years among the dusty ar- the easy-going Anglican Church, 50 chives of a religious order in Rome, a complaisant even to the monstrous pasremarkable correspondence has been sions of Henry VIII., and choose the brought to light between the sixth most inflexible of all Christian cam successor of Henry VIII. and Father munions, the one which preferred laPaul Oliva, the general of the Jesuits. ing her hold upon the glorious and The occasion of this singular inter- powerful Island of Saints to conniving change of letters between Whitehall at adultery; which defended the and Rome was the presence in the nocent Catharine of Aragon againg Jesuit house, in the last named.city, of her ferocious spouse, and might, a young novice whom all the fathers, one hundred and forty years Inter, even the general himself, believed to have protected Catharine of Porin be a French gentleman. Charles in- gal also had a royal caprice again formed Father Oliva who this young attempted to displace à virtuos man was. By the right of paternal queen in order to raise a vicious favor authority he demanded that James ite to the throne of England. The Stuart, the eldest of his natural sons, monarch, timid by nature, and sur should be sent back to him. He rounded by sanguinary fanatics, knee wished to keep him for some time that the bare accusation of poperit about his person, and by his as- would be enough to stir up his whole sistance to instruct himself more kingdom against him; yet he did not thoroughly in the Catholic faith, and hesitate to become a “ papist"-he up so finish the work which he had long on whom the laws conferred the titk, ago commenced. After reading these so much coveted by his predecessor, letters, and penetrating the hidden of supreme head of the Established thoughts and mental tortures of the Church. Do we not see in this a sig! conscience-stricken king, who knows nal triumph of God over man, of truth his duty, and fears, yet wishes, to fulfil over falsehood ? it; a crowned slave, bearing beneath Should it be asked why this com his royal robes a yoke of iron, and spondence has remained so long to sighing in vain for liberty to believe published, we answer that it was by and worship after the dictates of his its nature strictly confidential. 8 heart, we cannot resist the conclu- long, too, as the Stuarts maintaine sion that Charles II. was neither a their pretensions to the English cron deist nor a waverer; he was a Catho- the publication of such letters won lic-a timid and a bad one, if you will, have seriously compromised the but firm in his convictions.

Then came the suppression of the But, you may say, a conversion ciety, after which it would appearts such as this is not much for the all trace of the correspondence Church to brag of. Here you have a lost, until it was recently brought prince born a heretic, and becoming a light by the learned Father Boer Catholic so quietly that his people The original letters form part of know nothing about it. The Church collection of autograph manuscripts declares that faith without works is Charles II., Father Paul Oliva, Chris dead. Well, it is true that Charles's tina of Sweden, James II., the quee life was in perpetual discord with his mother, Henrietta of France, Cathares faith. We certainly do not propose of Braganza, and other celebrated our neophyte as a model penitent; it sons of the time. The letters is enough if the reasons which led to Charles are impressed with the rose his conversion afford his countrymen seal. another proof of the divine origin of Catholicism. It is surely a startling Istoria della conversione alla Chiesa circumstance that this slave to volup

di Carlo II., Re d'Inghilterra, cavata dan ture autentiche ed originali.

it was not then prudent to make

known.” It is easy enough to mention cirumstances which would naturally

III. ave prepossessed Charles in favor of he Church. In the first place, he Two years after his restoration to 'as indebted for his life, after the de- the throne, and under the influence, at of Worcester, almost entirely to probably, of the queen-mother and the. atholics, who at great risk to them- queen-consort, he resolved to open elves concealed him from the soldiers with the Holy See a negotiation which i Cromwell and enabled him to es- he hoped might lead to the restoration ipe to France. In Paris he must of the English people to religious ave seen many things to influence unity. It was necessary to proceed is religious sentiments. The most with the greatest caution. He chose rofound impression, however, was for his envoy Sir Richard Bellingsade upon him by the venerable M. the same to whom he afterward inlier, the founder of St. Sulpice. trusted the most secret and delicate of God opened to him," says his bio- his missions to the court of Louis rapher, the Abbé Faillon, “ the Eng. XIV. Sir Richard set out for Italy sh monarch's heart. In the new under pretext of attending to affairs of . ynferences which he had with this his owu; and as soon as he could do rince, he showed him the beauty and so safely, he quietly went to Rome. uth of the Catholic religion with so His first business was to ask for a uch grace, force, and energy that cardinal's hat for Louis Stuart, duke barles II. was constrained to acknow- of Richmond and Lennox, better dge afterward to one of his friends known under the name of the Abbé lat although many distinguished per- d'Aubigny. He was a near relative Ins had spoken to him about these of the king's, and had been summoned atters, there was none of them who from Paris to fulfil the functions of ad enlightened him so much as M. grand almoner to Queen Catharine. lier; that in his words he recogniz. Charles wished to place under his I and felt an extraordinary virtue ; charge the affairs of the Church in fine, that he had fully satisfied him. Great Britain. A memoir on this here can be little doubt that M. subject was drawn up for Bellings by lier had persuaded the king to ab- Lord Chancellor Clarendon, and tre his errors and to take the first copied by Clarendon's son. It is dated ep toward a return into the bosom October 25, 1662. Each leaf is au1 the Church; that is to say, by thenticated by the royal signature. A nding a secret abjuration to the minute of the instructions given by ope, who, as has been said above, Charles to his ambassador is presery. quired nothing more. For, in the ed at Rome. It can only have been rst place, it was rumored all through drawn up by Sir Richard himself: rance and England that Charles had “1. Ilis majesty solicits this promoint to the Pope a secret abjuration ; tion for the advantage of his kingdom, ad beside, M. de Bretonvilliers, after and in order to give the Catholic jentioning that his majesty recogniz- party an authorized chief, intimately 1 and felt an extraordinary virtue in united with the sovereign by the ties 18 conversations with M. Olier on of blood, and upon whom he can dele truth of the Catholic religion, adds pend securely under all circumstances. lese significant words : At pres. The king, to quote his own words, aby I can say no more.' This reti- sees in the elevation of the Abbé ence naturally leads us to infer d'Aubigny to the cardinalship an esat Charles had taken some step sential condition to the good underard becoming a Catholic which standing which ought to exist between

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