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throw much light on the civil and re of the aphelion. The progression of ligious history, manners and customs, the numbers is otherwise very remarkand institutions of the middle ages. able.

Sun-spot Period. — Professor Wolf, of Plastic Wood.-Among new invenZurich, has undertaken the laborious tions we hear of plastic wood, or rather work of determining the number of of a method by which wood can be sun spots at the different periods when rendered plastic, and so applied to the planets, more especially Jupiter, various novel purposes. The method are in perihelion and aphelion. In the consists in forcing dilute hydrochloric year 1859 he expressed his opinion that acid, under pressure, into the cells of Jupiter determines the leading charac- the wood, and continuing it a sufficient ter of the sun-spot curve, that Saturn time, according to the quality of the causes small alterations in the height wood operated on. When completely and length of the undulations, and that saturated with the acid, the wood is the earth and Venus determine the in- washed in water, and subjected to presdentations of the curve. More recently. sure, which presses the fibres close toMr. Carrington and Mr. De la Rue have gether without breaking them, and rereturned to the same subject, and the duces it to about a tenth of its origilatter, in conjunction with Mr. Stewart, nal bulk, and the size and form thus has found that when “ the sun or a impressed on it remain unaltered. Thus, part of the solar surface approaches if pressed in dies, the details retain all a planet, the spots disappear, or the the sharpness ever afterwards, unless brightness increases." It is the inten- the wood should get soaked with water. tion of Professor Wolf to calculate for Wood treated in this way is particularly every five days a mean relative number well suited for carvings, as it cuts under of sun-spots during the period 1811- the tool almost as easily as cheese ; and 1865. He gives the results of a portion it may be made ornamental, for various of his labors in showing the connection dyes can be forced in to color it at the of the sun-spot period of 11.11 years same time with the acid. But it can also with the revolution of Jupiter between be made hard as flint and incombustible, the years 1805 and 1816. The numbers by forcing in a preparation of watergiven are certainly very remarkable, glass or soluble flint. From all this, it, for whilst only 21 spots were visible seems likely that wood may be employsoon after the perihelion of Jupiter in ed in new ways for ornamental and use1809, 64 were seen in 1815 at the time ful purposes.

NEW PUBLICATIONS. THE AMERICAN REPUBLIC: Its Consti- The questions discussed are: Governtution, Tendencies, and Destiny. By ment; the Origin of Government; 0. A. Brownson, LL.D. 8vo., pp. Constitution of Government; the Unit435. New York: P. O'Shea. 1866. ed States ; Constitution of the United

States; Secession; Reconstruction ; This book, which was merely anPolitical Tendencies; Destiny-Politinounced in our January number, is the cal and Religious. The argument fruit of Dr. Brownson's mature age, throughout is sustained and connected ripe experience, great learning, and ex- in such a perfect manner, and the contraordinary intellectual and literary nection between the divisions of the culture and discipline. It would seem subject so thoroughly welded, that it that his life-long labors as a philosophi- is impossible to make extracts at all cal and critical writer had been sim- within the compass of this notice ply a course of preparation for this which would give a correct idea of crowning achievement, and that noth- the work. It must be read and studied ing less severe could have trained his to appreciate its beauty, scope, and comind to grasp and handle the great gency. principles involved with such masterly Government and the origin of govpower, ease, perspicuity, and complete ernment are analyzed and placed on ness.

their historical and metaphysical basis. The constitution of the United States which it has established must become is explained in a manner never before the ruling principles of the state attempted or approached. The rela- men of the country. The glove tions of the United States to the states fairly thrown to the champions of the in the Union, and their relations to her various specious and popular forms of as a unit, are for the first time made error, falsehood, and fanaticism, both clear and intelligible, and secession, civil and religious, and they will be while dealt with charitably as respects compelled to take it up and defend individuals and the erroneous premises themselves successfully or be con honestly entertained by multitudes demned by default in the final reboth South and North, is logically dict of mankind. The typography, proved to be the highest of political binding, and general execution are ! crimes— state suicide.The consti- equal to the best London books. tutional and Christian method of restoration is pointed out, and the glorious destiny of the country painted on the JOURNAL OF EUGENIE DE GUÉRIX. sky of the future with artistic beauty Edited by G. S. Trebutien. 12mo, and prophetic grandeur.

pp. 460. Alexander Strahan, London The style is remarkable for its and New York, strength, density, clearness, and purity. It supports and carries forward the im This very remarkable and most atmense weight and volume of thought, tractive book has already received a argument, and historical and philoso- lengthened notice in THE CATHOLIC phical illustration without apparent ef- WORLD, and we have only to add that fort, and transmits the author's mean never was there penned a book so full ing directly to the intellect, like a ray of the highest and most refined sentiof light passing through a Brazilian ment, touching pathos, combined with pebble to the retina. If Dr. Brownson so much deep philosophic and poctic had done nothing else, his philological thought. What a pure and innocent labors would entitle him to the lasting soul is here revealed | Not to the world. admiration of every lover of pure Eng- She did not write for it, but for her own lish.

soul, and the soul of her idolized MsuWe do not expect the work to be rice. He has found renown through popular in the common sense of the these tear-bedewed pages of a devoted term, or that it will escape the vitu- sister. We read it, yet can hardly be peration of narrow-minded men and lieve it to be, as it is, a real journal. those who have used all their feeble Her descriptions are full of the intens power in vain to pull down the struc- est interest and charming nasvete. ture of constitutional unity. But we Here is one on a first communion : do believe that it will be read and ap “29th. What a sweet, simple, pious, preciated by a very large class of right and touching ceremony! I have only minded, thinking men South and time to say this, and to declare that of North, and exert an immense influ all the festivals the one I delight in ence in the direction of complete re- most is a first communion in a country conciliation and reconstruction by de- district: God bestowing himself simply monstrating the absolutely illogical on children! Miou, the little Francharacter of secession, while it does couil de Gaillard, and Augustine were justice to the honesty, manhood, cour- exquisite, both in innocence and beauty, age, military skill, and fortitude dis- How pretty they looked under their played by the Southern people. It is little white veils, when they returned the logical defeat of the rebellion, weeping from the holy table! Divine It places Dr. Brownson in the first tears! Children united to God; who rank as a Catholic statesman, doctor of can tell what was passing that moment laws, and fervent, consistent pa- in their souls? M. le Curé was admirtriot. He is the citizen who never de- able in his unction and gentleness; it spaired of the republic. Every man was the Saviour saying to children, who wishes to understand the history Come unto me.' Oh! how lovingly and politics of the country must study he addressed them, and then how he this book, and if we are to realize the charged them to have á care of that destiny distinctly indicated by the white robe, that innocence with which finger of Providence, the principles they were clothed ! Poor children,

what risks before them! I kept saying THE CHRISTIAN EXAMINER, January, to myself, Which of you will tarnish 1866. it first? They are not going to Paris, indeed; but earth is everywhere soiled, This is the first number of the new, everywhere evil is found, seduces, and or New York, series of this publication, leads away."

which is to be issued every two months. That closing sentence was not It explains the reason and object of the thoughtlessly penned. It was for the change which has been made in the eye of that brother whom Paris had se- editorship and place of publication. duced and led away into error, but who The Convention of Unitarians held in never read that gentle admonition, this city a few months ago initiated a Maurice de Guérin died soon after, re- new and important movement in that conciled to the Church, in his last denomination. The radical and deagony embracing the crucifix; but structive element was put down, and Eugénie continues her journal to Mau- that party which is in favor of taking a rice in heaven. Here is a passage which positive Christian position achieved a' will, if we mistake not, induce our victory. The Examiner has been made readers to procure and read the whole their organ, and is to be used in proof this delightful volume. They will moting the end they have in view. find it, as we have found it, like a rare The convention solemnly and publicly and beautiful picture, which, with a recognized our Lord Jesus Christ, under strange selfishness, we desire to be uni- that title which is indicative of his versally admired, yet wish it were all character as Supreme Head of the our own :

human race, in spite of the violent op“This woman, this nurse who watch- position of a few, which was vented in ed thee, and held thee in illness for a à very unseemly and vulgar manner, year on her lap, has given me a greater shocking to the Christian sentiment of shock than a winding sheet would have the community. The declaration of done. Heart-rending apparition of the belief is significant of the animus of the past-cradle and tomb! I could spend movement, and shows it to be a return the night with thee here in this paper, to the principle of positive and conbut the soul needs prayer; the soul will structive Christianity. The impress of do thee more good than the heart this idea is visible in the new phase of Each time that my pen rests here, a the Examiner, and has given it at once sword pierces my heart. I do not know a position far above that which it forwhether I shall continue to write or not. merly occupied. In its scholarly and Of what use is this Journal? For whom literary tone it is superior to the old Alas! and yet I love it as one loves a series; but the superiority is more funereal urn, a reliquary in which is marked and evident in the exhibition kept a dead heart, all embalmed with of a more fixed and earnest purpose sanctity and love. Such seems this to aim at a definite resnlt, and to paper, where I still preserve thee, my make more positive affirmation of so beloved one: where I keep up a speak- religious and philosophical ideas. The ing memory of thee, where I shall meet writers recognize the wide-spread scep. with thee again in my old age-if I live ticism in intelligent minds as a to be old. Oh! yes, the days will come lamentable fact, and have turned their when I shall have no life but in the face away from the road of scepticism past; that past shared with thee; spent and disintegration as one that conducts beside thee, young, intelligent, lovable, only to intellectual, moral, and social raising and refining whatever approach- death. They do not profess to have ed thee; such as I recall thee, such as thou surveyed the road which leads away Wert on leaving us. At present I do from this “valley of the shadow of not know what my life is, if, indeed, I death ;" but they seem to be convinced do live. Everything is changed within that there is one, and to be resolved to and without. Oh! my God, how heart- look for it and to try to guide others Fending these letters are! They contain in a search for it. It is difficult to say, 80 many tears for my tears! This inti- in regard to men who allow themselves mate friend of thine touches me as so much latitude in belief, and so great would a sight of thyself. My dear a liberty of independent theorizing,

aurice, all thou hast loved are dear to what are the fixed doctrines in which me-seem a portion of thee."

they agree as the fundamental basis of

Ma

an anti-sceptical philosophy, and what ing and exhibiting the doctrine of the are merely tentative hypotheses thrown Catholic Church in its relation to end out for discussion. It appears to us, rationalism. The controversy with however, that there are several sound thodox Protestantism is finished, sed principles of Christian philosophy and Protestant orthodoxy has gone when doctrine dominating in the articles of Nium formerly went. The real coatt the number before us, and which we versy of the day relates to the may suppose will hereafter give a cer- foundation of revelation itself. tain unity of character and tendency to the work. One of these is the affirma. SPARE HOURS : A Monthly Miscellany tion of the pure theistic doctrine, in for the Young. Boston: P. Donaboe contradiction to pantheism, in connec- January, 1866. tion with a manifest tendency to repudiate the sensist philosophy of Hamil We have received the first number ton, Mansel, and that class of writers, a new magazine with the above title and to look for a better one. Another It is published by Mr. Donahoe, Bes. is a recognition that there is something ton, is well printed on fine paper, in the idea of the supernatural which and illustrated with much taste. The is real, and above the sphere of mere matter, of which there are 64 pages, 19 natural science. A third is a principle both original and selected, and displaya of reverence for the Scriptures, and the discrimination and tact on the part of religious traditions of the human race, the editor. It would be well to give connected with a disposition to reject credit to the source from which the se the scepticism of the pseudo-critical lected matter is taken. This magazine school of Germany. A fourth is an fills a want long felt by the Catholic assertion of the obligatory force of the community in this country. Since the Divine Law, and the necessity of cul- discontinuance of the Youth's Catholic tivating a personal relation to God as Magazine" we have had no periodical the principle of solid virtue and that gave us any reading for our chilmorality. There is also a sort of in- dren. We cordially welcome the adstinctive apprehension that a more vent of " Spare Hours" amongst us, and thorough investigation of the difficulties trust its subscription list may show which science appears to throw in the that Catholics do appreciate good readway of revealed religion will eventually ing. produce a more triumphant vindication of the latter than it has ever had. The to- NichoLAS OP TILE FLUE, the Saviour d pics to be discussed in the Review are the the Swiss Republic. A dramatic most real and living questions of the poem in five acts. By John Chrisage in philosophy and theology. They tian Schaad. 12mo., pp. 144. will be discussed by men of no mean Washington, D. C.: McGill & Withepretensions to learning and intellectual row. 1866. ability, and of superior literary cultivation. We are glad that they have un This book purposes to give, in a dertaken the work, and we hope for dramatic form, an account of the rise good results from it. We have no fear of a dangerous civil dissension which that they will weaken the religious took place among the brave and relig belief of those who have a positive, ious Swiss during the invasion of their dogmatic faith in regard to any essen- country by Charles the Bold, and the tial doctrine of Christianity. The pub happy reunion of sentiment by the lic which will be reached by their writ- wise interposition and holy prayers of ings and sermons, are already familiar a hermit. How religion, or the counwith all the questions and difficulties sels of its ministers, can ever supplant they will discuss. They are full of the arbitrament of the sword or the doubt, and drifting into infidelity. All stratagems of the politician in the sue the influence which these gentlemen cessful adjustment of national difficul will gain over them will tend to check ties, will not, we think, be so readily this downward progress, and initiate a comprehended in our present society, salutary retrogression toward Christian and chiefly so because with us there is truth.

no unity of religion, and consequently Moreover, all discussions of this kind a multiplicity of counsels, the prolific will stimulate the work of investigat- seed itself of discord. But that it is possible, as it is enviable, may be seen on “Fenianism and Secret Societies." by any one who will peruse this poem. There are two stories, one just comPeace which nations enjoy is a blessing menced and one concluded. The forof God. “Unless the Lord keep the mer, “The Huron Chief," is a tale of city, he watcheth in vain who keepeth the Catholic missions in the northwest, it." It is not to be wondered at then and the latter, “From June to Octothat a people thoroughly imbued with ber," is by an author not unknown to the spirit of faith should look to God for the literary world. The articles in this help in the day of trial, when the demon magazine are original, and are well writof discord sows the seeds of strife and ten, We find in its literary notices the disunion amongst them. The thought following hit at a class which we are which evidently moved the writer to sorry to say is but too numerous : compose this work is the same which “The mission of a Catholic editor is has often crossed our own mind during something different from that of the menthe late deplorable civil war: that if dicant who stands at a church gate with our beloved country had been one in a 'Help-the-poor-blind-man' label upon religion it never would have fallen a his breast. And yet there are those-not prey to such a fearful and almost fatal a few—who look upon a pitiful subscripdivision, or at least would have re tion of three or four dollars a year to & joiced in a more speedy reconciliation.

paper or a magazine in the light of an

alms, and actually imagine that they are MERRY CHRISTMAS. A cantata for

performing one of the seven corporal

works of mercy if they can be induced to Christmas eve. Affectionately inscrib- subscribe, while, in justice, they are not ed to the children of the parish of

paying a thousandth part of the interest St. Paul the Apostle, New York on their lawful debts. Not long ago we city. P. O'Shea.

happened to meet with a Catholic gentle

man from New York, and among the difThis little brochure contains direc ferent topics of conversation the subject of tions with appropriate recitatives literature was brought in. This gave us and hymns. for a religious celebra- the occasion to ask his opinion about tion of Christmas by children who de The Monthly,' to which he replied that scribe, in a sort of infantine opera, the

he was unaware of its publication, bescenes of our Lord's nativity as related

cause he had never seen it noticed by a

certain romantic sheet of the Quixotic in the gospel. It contains, among other

stamp in that city. He is the type of a hymns, some of the most beautiful

class for whose conduct there is not the Christmas carols in the English lan

shadow of an excuse. From this we guage; and when sung by the voices might draw a general conclusion, and apof merry-hearted children must have a ply the same course of reasoning to the most edifying and pleasing effect. We case of every Catholic publication in the are sure it will be welcomed in all our country, for it is not rare to find Catholic schools, and at the fireside of many a families without a Catholic paper or magaChristian family. It was perforined zine on their tables. Under these circumwith great success before an immense stances, then, it is not surprising that not and delighted audience last Christmas a few of them should be strangers to the night in the church of the Paulists, to

existence of the works which they ought the children of whose parish it is dedi

to possess, while they may be conversant

with a class of literature whose spirit is cated.

productive either of no good at all or posi

tively injurious, and hence without either THE MONTHLY, Edited at the Univer- intellectual or moral benefit.” sity of St. Mary of the Lake, Chica

We wish “ The Monthly" a happy go, Ill. Published by J. P. Byrne, and prosperous year. Chicago.

Hans BRINKER, ETC. By M. E. Dodge. The. December number of “The

12mo., pp. 347. New York: James Monthly” did not reach us until the

O'Kane. 1866. first of January. This is rather late, and we presume is a mistake, as it has We could cordially recommend this been heretofore promptly on hand. well-written story were it not for one The number before us completes the passage relating to autos da fe and second volume, and is quite interesting. The Inquisition. Those who have It contains nine articles, the first being charge of Catholic youth are bound to

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