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hear, as in the times when the ballad mediate a lost its full force. The of " Lillibullero" was written, the let- mediæval Latin melts into į in Diter d occasionally used where the vernia. The modern French form, tongue intended t or th. Nor is this Desvres, brings it half-way back tovagary of speech confined to the Irish. ward its place at the head of the alWhy do the Welsh say Tafyd for phabet. It does not run the whole David ? It is the most frequently re- gamut of the vowels, as from Ibernia curring of that systematic permutation to Juvernia. of consonants which is one of the This Divernia Bononiensis, then, I chief difficulties of the Cymbric tongue. claim to identify with the Tabernie The Welsh d and t turn about and Bononienses, Tournehem with Nemwheel about in their mysterious al- tur or Emtor, Enna with Enon. If it phabet without the slightest scruple were necessary even to push the In German, the convertibility of the proof a step further, there is the dissame letters is also very marked. trict called Le Wicquet, which M. The German says das for that, Dank Jean Scoti, who was lieutenant parfor thanks, Durst for thirst; and again ticulier de la Sennechaussée de BouTeufel for devil, Tanz for dance, logne, tells us is undoubtedly derived Theil for dial. As to the same abuse from the Latin Vicus, and which in France, the dictionary of the might naturally be the vico Bonaven Academy and that of Bescherelle* Taberniæ of which the “ Confession” lay down the principle very plainly: speaks; but the historian of Desvres, "Le t est une lettre à la fois linguale Baron d'Ordre, whom I have already et dentale, comme le d son correlatif, citad, disputes this derivation, and plus faible, plus doux, avec lequel il says the word is Celtic, and comes est fréquemment confondu, nonseule- fom Wic, Celtic for wood, like our ment dans les langues germaniques, word wicket. Both may be right, for mais dans la plupart des langues. Vicus may be a Latin form of the En latin, cette lettre se permute fré- same word.* But the point is not quemment avec le d: attulit pour ad- material. tulit. On écrivit primitiveinent set, Let me now add to the etymolog. aput, quot, haut, au lieu de sed, apud, ical evidence a few historical illustraquod, haud.”

tions. So far as to the permutation of T St. Patrick is stated in almost all and D. I will not waste the time of his biographies to have been a nephew the reader in order to show that the of St. Martin of Tours. St. Martin, conversion of v into b is even more though 'said to be a Celt of Pannonia, common. We find a familiar illustra- was during his military and early tion of it in the old Latin name of ecclesiastical career stationed in this Treland, which, as every one knows, is identical district. The well known variously written Ibernia, Ivernia, legend of his division of his cloak Hibernia, Juvernia, and Iernia. But with the beggar, who proved to be our the English word tavern, which is ex- Lord himself, is alleged to have taken actly derived from the Latin Ta- place at Amiens. It is recorded that berniæ, is a still more apposite illustra- he was baptized at Therouanne. The tion in the present case. In this first church raised to his honor was word, finally, the intermediate vowel built there. The principal missionaswayed in sound with the consonants ries of the district are said to have which inclosed it. As the primary been his disciples, and evidently enLatin T changed into the softer and tertained a deep devotion to him, of feebler D, and the b into v, the inter

"Dictionnaire de l'Académie Francaise." bescherelle, “ Dictionnaire National." 'Paris,

* Among the names of villages in this district of whose history I could find no trace, is one called Erin, the place where Blessed Benedict Joseph Labre was born,


which there are still abundant evi- the end of the fourth century; but be dences.*

had been preceded in that capacity by St. Patrick, while in captivity at St. Victoricius, who suffered marit Slemish in Ireland, lived within sight dom with Sts. Fuscien and Firmin, a of Scotland. A few miles only sep- Amiens, in A.D. 286. Again, the name arate the coasts at Antrim. But when Victor is that of a favorite disciple of he escaped, he did not attempt to pass St. Martin, whom Sulpicius Sever: into Scotland. He made his way sent to St. Paulinus of Nola,* and of south, and passed through England to whom they both write in terms of elFrance. He says he was received traordinary encomium. But the peramong the Britons as if (quasi) son referred to in the " Confession" is among his own clan and kin. Doubt- far more probably St. Victricius,t who less there was close relationship of was an exact contemporary of St. race and language between the Brit Patrick, who was engaged on the mis. ons of the island and of the continent. sion of Boulogne at the time of his There were Britons and there were escape, and who is said to hare been Atrebates on both sides of the sea.t a French Briton himself. MalBut Britain was not the saint's native brancq's “ Annals of the Sec of Bouplace nor his resting-place. He went logno" aver that in the year 390 the on, and abode with those whom he “Morini a Domino Victricio exculti calls his brethren of Gaul, “seeing sunt,” and that in the year 400 he again the familiar faces of the saints dedicated their principal church to St. of the Lord,” until he was summoned Martin. I to undertake his mission to Ireland. When St. Patrick was on his way

In his own account of the vision to Ireland, with full powers from which induced him to undertake the Pope Celestine, it is recorded that he apostolate of Ireland, he says he was was detained at Boulogne by the recalled to do so by a man, whose name quest of Sts. Germanus and Lapus, is variously written Victor, Victori- who were proceeding into Britain in cius, and Victricius. The real name order to preach against the Pelagian is in all probability Victricius ; but heresy; and that during their absence if it were Victor or Victoricius, it he temporarily exercised episcopal would be equally easy (were it not for functions at Boulogne, and so came to the fear of failing by essaying to be included in the list of its bishops. prove too much) to identify the source If St. Patrick were a native of the of the saint's inspiration with the island, is it not probable that Germansame district. Saint Victricius was us and Lupus would rather have inthe great missionary of the Morini at

* S. Paulini Nolani "Opera." Epistola axill, in . Of thc 420 churches comprised in the

the * Patrologice Cursus Completus of J. F. diocese of Boulogne, 82 had St. Martin for pa

Migne, vol, lxi. Paris, 1817. See al-o the two epistron. I also find several dedicated to the Irish

tles to St. Victricius,who with St. Martin persund St. Maclou and St. Kilian : but, strange to say,

ed Paulinus to withdraw from the world. I have not one to St. Victricius.- V. Histoire des

a suspicion that the disciple of St. Victricius, Evêques de Boulogne," par M. l'Abbé E. Van

named in these epistles now as Paschasins Drival, Boulogne, 1852.

now as Tytichns or Tytius (the name being eri+ M. Piers, in the paper already cited, quotes

dently misprinted, but there being no doubt, as M. Amédée Thierry as saying: " Les Brittani

the Bollandists say, that the two mamos refer to furent les premiers qui s'y lixèrent ; ils habitai

one and the same person), may have been in ne ent une partie de la Morinie ; peut-être par un

ality St. Patrick. In his 17th Epistle, St. Patult pieux souvenir ont-ils appelé leur nouvelle pa

nus refers to the accounts ho had beard from trie la Grande Bretagne. Les Atrebates anglais, this young priest of the anxiety of St. Victricies originaires de Belgium, résidaient à Caleva ou

for the evangelization of tbe most remote part Galena Atrebatum, à 22 milles de Venta Belgar.

of the globe, and speaks of him as a disciple um dans le canton où est aujourd'hui Windsor."

every way worthy of his master: * In cujus 87 M. Piers adds that there is a tradition that a

tia et humanitate, quasi quaedam virtutun gr colony of the Morini had given their name to a

tiarumque tuarum lineas velut spoculo reddeute distant country of islands which they discovered : collegimus." but that he has found it impossible to diecover † Franciscus Pommeræus, O. S. B., in die the name in any ancient atlas. Perhaps the

“ History of the Bishops of Rouen." says St. Vic district of Mourne, on the north-east coast of

tricius was also sometimes called Victoricus and Ircland, is that indicated. The Irish derivation

Victoricius, of the name is at all events identical with the

See also “ Acta Sanctorum Augusti," tom. French.

ii. , p. 193. Antverpiæ, 1736.

vited him to join their mission? But acter of a French Briton, which made their object in asking him to inter- him easily akin to the Irish, he comrupt his own special enterprise for a bined the Roman culture and civilizatime in order to remain among the tion, which added to his mission a peBoulonnais was, it is said, to guard culiar literary and political energy, against the spread of this heresy on that long remained. We see in him the continent. And it is very natural the friend and comrade of the great that they should have asked him to saints of a great but anxious age. stay for such an object, and that he We see how he connects the young should have consented, if this were Church of Ireland, not with Rome indeed his native district, in which his alone, but with the great militant intimacies were calculated to give Christian communities of Gaula him a special degree of influence; but connection which his disciples were not otherwise, hastening as he was destined so to develope and extend in under the sense of a divine call to the the three following centuries ; and we conversion of a whole nation plunged cease to wonder that both Ireland and in paganism.

France have clung so fondly to a traAnd, as I began by saying, all this dition which linked together in their proof is important mainly because it earliest days two churches whose tends in some degree to elucidate the mutual services and sympathies spirit and the work of the saint. We have ever since been of the closest begin to see how with the Celtic char- kind.

From The Lamp.


“Sweet sister Lucille, I watch thee working,

From morning till nightfall, on cloth of gold,
On silks of purple, and finest linen,

And gems lie before you of worth untold.
Makest thou vestments for holy preacher,

And cloths to adorn the altar rare?”
“ Ha, ha!” quoth Lucille,“ thou simple creature !

The garments I make I intend to wear.

Dost thou not see I am nobly fashioned,

Regal indeed is my bearing and mien;
Are not my features as finely chiselled

As e'en were the features of Egypt's queen?
I'll work, and work, and I'll never weary,

Until rich garments be duly wrought,
Suited to clothe my unrivalled form,

For which tissues fitting cannot be bought.

But, my gentle Mary, I watch thee praying,

And wasting many a precious day, Sauntering out amid lanes and alleys,

And talking to beggars upon the highway.
You bring them in to sit at your table,

You feed them on savory meat and wine ;
Are they above you, that you should clothe them,

And so humbly serve while they feast and dine ?"

Then answered Mary : “ God's poor, my sister,

Are more than our equals, I should say ; One day they'll feast in the kingdom of heaven,

For Christ will call them from hedge and highway. I too am working a costly garment

With tears and penance, fasting and prayer; 'Tis to clothe my soul, and with God's needy

The raiment I weave I hope to wear.”

Each walked her way through this rain world;

Lucille lived with courtiers who gave her praise, Solicitous still to adorn her person,

She frittered time to the end of her days; She work'd, and work’d, and never felt weary,

Changing her costume as changed her will ; When death came, unfinished still were her garments,

But withered and sinful he found Lucille.

Each walked her way through this vain world;
'Mary sought neither courtiers nor praise,
But in the lazar-house, firm and steadfast,

Good she worked to the end of her days.
She smooth'd the couch of the sick and dying,

She taught the sinner the ways of the Lord, She gave to the “ little ones” drink refreshing;

Verily she shall not lose her reward.

From The Month.






he with a slouching hat hiding his face.

Leading them both into the parlor, On the night before the 10th of De- which looketh on the street, I had a cember neither Muriel nor I retired fire hastily kindled; and for a space to rest. We sat together by the rush- her ladyship and myself could only sit light, at one time saying prayers, at holding each other's hands, our hearts another speaking together in a low being too full to speak. After a while voice. Ever and anon she went to I asked her when she had come to listen at her father's door, for to make London. She said she had done so sure he slept, and then returned to me. very secretly, not to increase the The hours seemed to pass slowly; and queen's displeasure against her husyet we should have wished to stay band; her majesty's misliking of hertheir course, so much we dreaded the self continuing as great as ever. first rays of light presaging the trage. “When she visited my lord last dy of the coming day. Before the first year, before his arrest,” quoth she, "on token of it did show, at about five in a pane of glass in the dining-room her the morning, the door-bell rung in a grace perceived a distich, writ by me gentle manner.

. in bygone days with a diamond, and “Who can be ringing ?” I said to which expressed hopes of better forMuricl.

tunes." “I will go and see,” she answered. “I mind it well,” I replied. “ Did

But I restrained her, and went to it not run thus ? call one of the servants, who were be

Not seldom doth the sun sink down in brightginning to bestir themselves. The

Which rose at early dawn disfigured quite outman went down, and returned, bringing me a paper, on which these words So shall my fortuncs, wrapt so long in darkest

night, were written :

Revive, and show ere long an aspect clear and “ MY DEAR CONSTANCE_My lord bright.'”! and myself have secretly come to join “ Yea,” she answered. “And now our prayers with yours, and, if it should listen to what her majesty, calling for be possible, to receive the blessing of a like instrument, wrote beneath : the holy priest who is about to die, as he passeth by your house, toward

'Not seldom do vain hopes deceive a silly

heart; which, I doubt not, his cyes will of a Let all such witless dreams now vanish and

depart; surety turn. I pray you, therefore,

For fortune shall ne'er shine, I promise thee, admit us."

Whose folly hath for aye all hopes thereof unI hurried down the stairs, and found Lord and Lady Arundel standing in the hall; she in a cloak and hood, and We do live," she added, with a sword


on one


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