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it by Hennessey's order," said Andy never left it until he had made Ers Monahan," and more be token he hint- MeMurtough his bride, so that the ed as much himself yesterday after estates still run with the “aald stock," the seventh glass.

and Sir Brian and Father John, who Sir William Jessop went back to is almoner-general to Sir William, the Black Abbey in triumph; and are as happy as kings.


The Source of the Vile.-Mr. S. W. engage at Khartoum were the rilest Baker read a paper before the -- Royal characters. He had applied through Geographical Society, London, give the British consul at Alexandria to the ing an * Account of the Discovery of Egyptian government for a few troops Lake Albert Nyanza." The author to escort him; but the request was recommenced by saying that he began in fused, although an escort was grantert 1861 the preparation of an expedition, to the Dutch ladies upon the request of in the hope of meeting Speke and the French consul. After Speke and Grant at the sources of the Nile. He Grant had left him, his men mutinied employed the first year in exploring and tried to prevent his proceeding the tributaries of the Atbara, and after into the interior. His forty armed men ward proceeded to Khartoum, to organ- threatened to fire upon him, and the ize his party for the great White Xile. Turkish traders whom he intended to In December, 1862, he started from accompany set off without him, and Khartoum with a powerful force, em forbade him to follow in their track. barked on board three vessels, and in- At that time, beside his wife, he had cluding twenty-nine animals of trans- but one faithful follower. But he manport, camels, horses, and asses. Pur- aged to get back the arms from the resuing his course, he entered upon a calcitrants, and induced seventeen of dreary waste of water and reedy banks, the men to go with him to the eastwhere he soon lost his only European ward, although none would undertake attendant, who was killed by fever. to go to the south. It was imperative The remainder of the party safely that he should advance, and he followreached Gondokoro, which is a wretch- ed the trading party who had threatened place, occupied only occasionally by ed to attack him, and to excite the traders seeking for slaves and ivory. Ellyria tribe, through whom he must After fifteen days the firing of guns an. pass, against him. However, the chief nounced some new arrivals, and a party of the trading party was brought over, arrived, among whom were two Eng and on the 17th of March, 1862, they lishmen, who proved to be Captains safely arrived in the Latooka country, Speke and Grant, clothed in humble 110 miles east of Gondokoro. That rags, but with the glory of success upon country was one of the finest he had them. Captain Speke told him the na- ever seen, producing ample supplies of tives declared that a large lake existed grain and supporting large herds. The to the westward, which he believed towns are large and thickly populated, would turn out to be a second source of and the inhabitants are a warlike but the Nile, and that he himself had traced friendly race, who go naked, and whose the river up to 2° 20' N., when it di- chief distinction is their hair, which verged to the west, and he was obliged they train into a kind of natural helmet. to leave it. Mr. Baker undertook to The bodies of those of the tribe who are follow up the stream, and made his ar- killed in fight are not buried, but those rangements to join a trading party go who die naturally are buried in front of ing southward. The trade along the the house in which they had dwelt, White Nile really consisted of cattle and at the expiration of a fortnight stealing, slave-catching, and murder, the bodies are exhumed, the flesh reand the men whom he was obliged to moved, and the bones put in earthen

pots, which are placed at the entrance the lake could be reached in somethiez of the towns. Like all the tribes of like ten days, he induced Kamrasi, by the White Nile, the Latookas seemed the present of his sword, to drink blood entirely devoid of any idea of a Su- with his head man, and to allow there preme Being. Indeed, the only differ- to depart. In crossing the Karan river ence between them and the beasts is on the way to the lake Mrs. Baker was that they can cook and light a fire. struck down by a sunstroke, and reThere are forests abounding with ele- mained almost insensible for seven days, phants, but cattle cannot live there on during which time the rain poured account of the “ tsetse" fly. The chief down in torrents. On the eighteenth was an old man, who was held to pos- day after leaving Kamrasi they came sess the power of producing or restrain- in sight of the looked-for lake, : ing rain by a magic whistle; but one limitless sheet of blue water sunk day Mr. Baker happening to whistle low in a vast depression of the counupon his fingers in a loud key, the na- try. He descended the steep cliffs, tives assumed that he had a power to 1,500 feet in height, leading Mrs. Baker control the elements, and frequently by the hand, and, reaching the clean called upon him to exercise it. From sandy beach, drank of the sweet waters Latooka he proceeded to Kamrasi's The western shore, sixty miles distant, country, across an elevated region, the consisted of ranges of mountains 7.000 water-shed of the Sobat and White feet in height. Upon achieving the obNile rivers. From the ridge he de- ject of their journeys, Mr. Baker named scended into the valley of the Asua, the lake Albert Nyanza. That lake, which river Captain Burton regarded together with that of Victoria Nyanza, as the main stream of the White Nile, may be accepted as the great reservoir but which, when Mr. Baker crossed it of the Nile. Embarking in canoes upon in January, did not contain enough the lake, the party proceeded for thirwater to cover his boots. On arriving teen days to the point where the upper at Shooa, a large number of the porters river from Karuma Falls enters the lake deserted him, but he pushed on for by a scarcely perceptible current, while Enora. He crossed Karuma Falls in the lake itself suddenly turned westthe same boat which had carried ward; but its boundaries in that direcCaptain Speke across, but he was de- tion, as well as those of its southern tertained for some days by the disinclina mination, are unknown. The Nile is tion of the King Kamrasi to allow sued from the lake precisely as the nastrangers to pass over, and it was only tives had reported to Speke and Grant, when Mr. Baker had exhibited himself and from its exit the river is navigable on an elevated spot in full European as far as the narrows near the junction costume that he received the desired of the Asua. The author saw altogether permission. It appeared that a trading from elevations three-fourths of the party, headed by one Debono, a Mal- course of the Nile between its issue tese, who had escorted Speke and from the lake to Miani's Tree, Mr. Grant, had made a foray upon Kam- Baker's progress up the Upper or Karrasi's country, and Mr. Baker was uma river was stopped, at fifteen miles therefore looked upon with suspi- distance, by a grand waterfall, which cion. From Karuma Falls the had been named Murchison Falls, in Nile flows due west, a rapid honor of the distinguished president of stream, bordered with fine trees. King the Geographical Society. Upon their Kamrasi, who was a well-dressed and return to Kamrasi's country the travelcleanly person, although a great cow lers were detained nearly twelve ard, was very suspicious, and sought to months, the king being so impressprevent Mr. Baker continuing his jour- ed with the skill and knowledge of ney by representing that the great his European visitors that he could lake was six months' journey-a state- not be persuaded to let them leave ment which Mr. Baker, himself ill, with him. Ultimately the travellers manhis wife prostrate from fever, and his aged to get free, and, after a variety attendants refractory, received as a of difficulties with their attendants fatal blow to all his hopes. Learning, and the traders, arrived safely at Alex. however, from a native salt-dealer that andria.


LIFE OF SAINT TERESA. Edited by and fears, because we never do any.

the Archbishop of Westminster. thing without mingling with it a thouLondon: Hurst & Blackett. 1865. sand apprehensions and human con

siderations." The Holy Ghost had inSt. Philip Neri, that gentle and wise fused into her energetic soul a holy guide of souls, advised those under his restlessness, and work, ceaseless work, direction to read frequently the “Lives hard work, alone could satisfy its crav. of the Saints." Experience teaches how ings. While the foundations of Valentia very profitable this is as an incitement to and Burgos were in contemplation, so virtue. As we get a better idea of a many difficulties came up, one after person, a place, or an event by an accu- another, and among them ill health and rate representation than by the most the feebleness natural to a life now in graphic description, so the detailed its decline, that it seemed impossible account of the workings of grace in a that they could be effected. In speakfaithful soul oftentimes captivates the ing of this particular time she says: heart for God which frequent and fer- “It seems to me that one of the greatvent exhortation has failed to reach. est troubles and miseries of life is the But the amount of good which even the want of noble courage to bring the most striking example will produce body into subjection ; for though pain upon the mind of the reader, will de- . and sickness be troublesome, yet I acpend very materially upon the way in count this as nothing when the soul can which the incidents in the life are pre- rise above them in the might of her sented. In the work before us we have love, praising God for them, and receivthe varied experience of one of the very ing them as gifts from his hand. But noblest and most courageous souls, on the une hand to be suffering, and on through a long and eventful life, related the other to be able to do nothing, is a in language which charms while it in- terrible thing, especially for a soul that spires. St. Teresa's spirit was peculiarly has an ardent desire to find no rest, one of chivalry and honor. She was a either interior or exterior, on earth, true child of her native Spain, that but to employ herself entirely in the land of romance, the mother of so large service of her great God.” She was in a proportion of the more distinguished this unsettled state, her mind oppressed of the canonized saints of the Church, with doubt, when she begged light of · Avila, her birthplace, was known as the our Lord at communion. He answered * City of Knights," She tells us her- her interiorly: “Of what art thou self, how in youth and early woman- afraid? When have I been wanting hood she had revelled in stories of to thee? I am the same now that I hazardous adventure, of deeds of valor, have ever been. Do not neglect to and acts of self-devotion, to a degree make these two foundations." She then which, on reflection in after years, she adds, “O great God! how different are thought had been very perilous to her thy words from those of men! I befidelity to virtue. But grace led came so resolute and courageous that captive that warm and impassioned all the world would not have been heart, and stimulated her to do for God able to hinder me." Here we have the what many a brave knight is said to key to her whole life. Her stimulus, as have done for the object of his love. well as strength, was personal love for As St. Paul said, “I can do all things our Lord. When circumstances threw in him who strengtheneth me.” So, the her back for a moment upon her own more rough ard jagged the front of the feebleness, she was powerless; but let obstacles she had to oppose, the more her only hear an encouraging word invincible she proved herself to be from him, for which she instinctively “No, my Lord !" she said on one occa- listened, and in a moment she was sion, “it is no fault of thine that those fearless and unconquerable. Spiritual who love thee do not great things for cowardice is the great obstacle which thee; the fault is in our own cowardice lies between numberless well-disposed

souls, nowadays, and perfection. How have less to do with the results of op valuable, then, and how opportune, popular elections than is generally as this life of the great-hearted St. Teresa ! flippantly asserted. The great charte We offer our thanks and gratitude teristics of President Johnson are strong to the devout and active Archbishop of natural ability, invincible determina Westminster, under whose editorship tion, courage, ambition, loralty to the this useful life appears. From private Union, fidelity to his own convictings, authority we learn that its authoress is and contempt for privilege and prescripa religious of a convent of Poor Clares tion. under the direction of the Oblate Fathers Mr. Savage has written the text well of St. Charles, in London. We are and carefully, and interwoven the cotempted to envy this good religious incident history with more than ordinthe satisfaction and pleasure she must ary correctness. There is one little point feel at having been instrumental in to which we would call attention. In giving her Catholic brethren so wel- the contents of Chapter XVII. the pascome and powerful an aid to lead a sage occurs, "Granger and Thomas reliete holy life. Although the name of the Burnside." In the same chapter, Oblate Fathers of St. Charles does not page 281, he says, “Granger and Sherappear in connection with this work, man were sent into East Tennessee to their very recent connection with Dr. relieve Burnside and raise the siege of Manning, and their existing relation to Knoxville.” Granger and Thomas did. the convent from which this work has not relieve Burnside. The opportune issued, compels us before closing this arrival of General Grant, the intelligent notice to thank them for the share and vigorous co-operation of Sherman which we suspect them to have had in and Hooker on the extreme flanks, and its publication. · This suspicion is the almost spontaneous charge of the strengthened by the fact that from center by the troops of the army of the their hands we have received that Cumberland up and over Missionary perfect specimen of a beautful book, Ridge, won the glorious victory of

The Works of St. John of the Cross;" Chattanooga. General Grant immediin unity of labor, as in spirit, the twin- ately dispatched Sherman to the relief brother of St. Teresa.

of Knoxville. Gordon Granger com

manded a corps temporarily under THE LIFE AND PUBLIC SERVICES OF Sherman, and was not distinguished

ANDREW JOHNSON, SEVENTEENTH for alacrity or zeal on that occasion. PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES, Sherman relieved Knoxville as a part including his State Papers and Pub- of Grant's grand plan of the campaign. lic Speeches. By John Savage, author The work is issued in handsome style, of “ Our Living Presidents," etc. and has a correct steel engraving of the Derby & Miller, 8vo, pp. 408. President.

The life of a man like Andrew Johnson must command the profound atten- THE LETTERS OF WOLFGANG AMADETS tion of every one who wishes to under MOZART (1769-1791). Translated stand the age and country. It is deeply from the collection of Ludwig Nobl interesting to ourselves, who have raised by Lady Wallace; with a portrait and him from obscurity to the highest posi fac-simile. 2 vols., 12mo.. New York: tion in the nation, and are prepared Hurd & Houghton. 1866. to give him, without reference to party The many thousands living who or opinion, our cordial and loyal sup- know, and the many thousands who port in his efforts to carry out the or- are yet to know, the works of the great ganic idea of national life.

Mozart, will not fail to welcome this The biography of Andrew Johnson is true picture of his artist life. It forms a history of the epoch. He is a represen- indeed, rather a continuous journal, tative man of his class and age. It illus- very little short of an autobiography, trates the power of will to conquer and than a mere chance collection of letters; bring to its support a vast amount of extending as they do from a date when coeval will, making itself the controlling he was but thirteen years old up to withand representative will. Few men are in a few days of his death. One would elected who are not in intrinsic as well as look in these letters, of course, for! extrinsic harmony with the power elect- great deal about music, and musical ing. Fraud, chicanery, and deception composition, operas, concerts, and the like, but hardly expect to find so much manner in which he prepared for his as there is of Mozart's personal life, his marriage.“ Previous to our marriage," thoughts, plans, detailed descriptions of he writes, “we had for some time past nearly all he saw and heard, revealing to attended mass together, as well as conthe reader, better than any biographer fessed and taken the holy communion : could, the real character of this crowned and I found that I never prayed so fermaster of the heavenly art. Possessing vently, nor confessed so piously, as by an intensely vivid imagination and a her side, and she felt the same." sprightly wit, his letters sparkle with There is throughout these letters a humor. He dearly loves to say odd, certain free, off-hand way of dealing pleasant things to make them laugh with all sorts of subjects and persons at home. Here is one taken at random: which evinces a strong and independent

“ VIENNA, April 11, 1781.- Te Deum spirit, and shows us that Mozart, though Laudamus! at last that coarse, mean often obliged to dawdle at the heels of Brunetti is off, who disgraces his mas- niggardly and exacting patrons, never ter, himself, and all the musicians: lost his own self-respect. He had too so say Cecarelli and I. Not a word keen a sense of his own merits, and of of truth in any of the Vienna news, the too frequent lack of any merit at all except that Cecarelli is to sing at the in his competitors, not to be pardonably opera in Venice during the ensuing vain. He sought praise, it is true, and carnival. Putz Flimmel? and all sorts revelled in it, and loved to repeat what of devils! I hope that is not swearing, had been said of him, yet with so much for if so, I must at once go to confession boyish simplicity as to banish from the again, from which I have just returned, mind of the reader all judgment of afbecause to-morrow Maunday Thurs- fectation. He gives an amusing account day) the archbishop is to administer of an interview with the composer the sacrament to the whole court in his Becke, of whom, it must be confessed, · own gracious person. Cecarelli and I he was not a little jealous. “At his rewent to the Theatine monastery to try to quest I tried his piano, which is very find Pater Froschauer, as he can speak good. He often said Bravo! I exItalian. A pater or a frater, who was temporized, and also played the sonatas at the altar trimming the lights, assured in B and D. In short, he was very pous the Pater, as well as another who per- lite, and I also polite, but grave. We fectly knows Italian, were not at home, conversed on a variety of topics—among and would not return till four o'clock. others, about Vienna, and more particuWhat did please me was, that on my larly that the emperor was no great saying to the clerical candle-snuffer lover of music. He said, 'It is true he that eight years ago I had played a vio- had some knowledge of composition, lin concerto in this very choir, he in- but of nothing else. I car still recall stantly named me. Now, as far as (and here he rubbed his forehead) that swearing goes, this letter is only a pend, when I was to play before him I had no ant to my former one, to which I hope idea what to play, so I began with some to receive an answer by the next post." fugues and trifles of that sort, which in

Mozart lived and died a pious Cath- my own mind I only laughed at.' I olic. Such might be gleaned from his could scarcely resist saying, I can quite compositions, expressive as they are of fancy your laughing, but scarcely so that deep religious reverence, and sense loud as I must have done had I. heard of the sublime majesty of the holy you. He further said (what is the faith, which he possessed in so marked fact) that the music in the emperor's a manner. He felt and fully appreci- private apartments is enough to frighten ated the power of inspiration which the crows. I replied, that whenever I Catholic life possesses to elevate the soul, heard such music, if I did not quickly and realize in art, as in every form of leave the room, it gave me a headache. the beautiful and the true, its noblest 'Oh, no! it has no such effect on me; aspirations. “You know," he writes bad music does not affect my nerves, to his father, "that there is nothing but fine music never fails to give me a I desire more than a good appoint- headache.' I thought to myself again, ment-good in reputation--good in such a shallow head as yours is sure to money—no matter where, provided it suffer when listening to what is beyond be in a Catholic country.” The piety its comprehension." of his ordinary life may be seen in the 'Altogether, it is a delightful book.

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