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14. Commerce, since the fifteenth century, has rapidly spread these luxuries over the world, and the rulers of the nations have contrived to collect an immense revenue from them. They were chiefly brought to America from England, and the attempt of the mother country to impose a duty on tea imported into her colonies, without their consent, involved a principle, which produced that spirited resistance to her usurpations called the war of independence.
THE HOTTENTOT AND THE LION.
AN elderly Hottentot in the service of a Christian, near the upper part of Sunday river on the Cambdedo side, perceived a lion following him at a great distance for two hours together. Thence he naturally concluded, that the lion only waited for the approach of darkness, in order to make him a prey; and, in the mean time, could not expect any other than ` to serve for this fierce animal's supper; inasmuch as he had no other weapon* of defence than a stick, and he knew that he could not get home before it was dark.
2. But, as he was well acquainted with the nature of the lion, and the manner of its seizing upon its prey, and, at the same time, had leisure to ruminate on the ways and means in which it was most likely that his existence would be terminated, he at length hit on a method of saving his life.
3. For this purpose, instead of making the best of his way home, he looked out for a precipice; and, setting himself down on the edge of it, found, to his great joy, that the lion likewise made a halt, and kept at the same distance as before.
4. As soon as it grew dark, the Hottentot, sliding a little forwards, let himself down below the upper edge of the precipice upon some projecting part or cleft of the rock, where he could just keep himself from falling. But, in order to cheat the lion still more, he set his hat and cloak on the stick, making with it a gentle motion just over his head, a little way from the edge of the precipice.
5. This crafty expedient had the desired success. He did not stay long in that situation, before the lion came creeping softly towards him like a cat, and, mistaking the skin coat for the Hottentot himself, took his leap with such exactness and precision, as to fall headlong down the precipice, and was dashed in pieces.
SCENE BETWEEN GUSTAVUS VASA AND CRISTIERN.
Crist. TELL me, Gustavus, tell me why is this,
Of smooth obedience, thou hast drawn those men
To turn their inundation? Are the lives
Of my misguided people held so light,
Th' impervious rights, the sanctitude of kings,
Gust. Justice, sanctitude,
And rights! O, patience! Rights! what rights, thou tyrant?
If wrongs give right, O then, supreme in mischief,
Of frank election,
Not even the high, anointing hand of Heaven,
Can authorize oppression, give a law
Crist. Licentious traitor! thou canst talk it largely.
Of our firm continent, to fume, and chafe,
Gust. Mistaken man!
I come empowered and strengthened in thy weakness;
Crist. Profane, and alien to the love of Heaven!
Gust. Yes, I know,
When such as thou, with sacrilegious hand,
To shut out virtue, and unfold those gates
Assumes the robe pontifical, the eye
Of saintly elevation, blesseth sin,
And makes the seal of sweet, offended Heaven
Crist. No more of this.
Gustavus, would'st thou yet return to grace,
Gust. Imperial spoiler !
Give me my father, give me back my kindred,
And spare yon little trembler.
Crist. Yes, on terms
Of compact and submission.
Gust. Ha! with thee!
Compact with thee! and mean'st thou for my country? For Sweden? No, so hold my heart but firm,
Although it wring for't, though blood drop for tears,
And at the sight my straining eyes start forth
They both shall perish first.
NARRATIVE OF THE EXTRAORDINARY ADVENTURES OF FOUR SAILORS, WHO WERE CAST AWAY ON THE DESERT ISLAND OF SPITSBERGEN.
THESE northern seas, owing to the excessive cold of the climate, are frequently so full of ice, as to render it exceedingly hazardous to ships, which are thereby exposed to the danger of being crushed between two immense bodies of ice, or of being so completely surrounded, as to deprive them of every power of moving from the spot.
2. In this latter alarming situation were the crew of a Russian ship. A council was immediately held, when the mate mentioned what he recollected to have heard, that a ship's crew from Mesen, some time before, had formed a resolution of passing the winter upon this island, and for that purpose had carried timber proper for building a hut at a little distance from the shore.
3. This information led the whole company to form the resolution of wintering there, should the hut be fortunately remaining. They were induced to adopt this measure from the certainty of perishing should they remain in the ship. They, therefore, deputized four of their crew to go in search of the hut, and make what further discoveries they could.
4. As no human creature inhabited the shore on which they were to land, it was absolutely necessary for them to carry some provisions with them for their support. They had to make their way, for nearly two miles, over loose heaps of ice, which the water had raised, and the wind had driven against each other; and this made it equally difficult and dangerous.
5. From this consideration, they avoided loading themselves too much with provisions, lest their weight might sink them between the pieces of ice, where they must inevitably perish.
6. Having previously considered all these matters, they provided themselves only with a musket, and powder horn, containing twelve charges of powder and ball, an axe, a small kettle, a bag with about twenty pounds of flour, a knife, a tinder-box and tinder, a bladder filled with tobacco, and every man his wooden pipe.