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M. Give me an Example.

S. A soft Answer turneth away Wrath ; but grievous Words ftir up Anger. Proverbs xv. 1. Or thus, I desired you to get your Lesson by Heart ; but instead of this you have been at Play,

M. What is the Use of a Period ?

S. A Period (.) is a full Stop, and shews the perfect End and Conclusion of a Sentence.

M. Pray give me an Example ?

S. Love your Learning. Obey your Parents. Fear God. Honour the King.

N. B. Always remember in your Writing, that after a Period you must begin the next Word with a great, or capital Letter, as in the last Example you see every Sentence begins with a great Letter.

M. Very well: Nowe pray tell me the Use of a Note of Interrogation and Admiration ?

S. A Note of Interrogation (?) is always set at the End of any Question that is asked; as thus: Who made you? How old are you? &c.

M. How, and when, do you use a Note of Admiration ?

S. A Note of Admiration (!) is placed after such Words or Expressions as are surprizing, wonderful, or transporting ; thus: Oh! Alas! Surprising ! Or thus: 0 the Depth, both of the Wisdom, and Knowledge of God! Rom. xi. 33.

M. How long am I to pause or stop in Reading, when I meet with these several Points ?

S. You are to stop till you can tell one, at a Comma; at a Semicolon till you can tell one, two; at a Colon till you can tell three ; and at a Period,

a Note

a Note of Interrogation, and a Note of Admirations till you can tell Six.

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Of the Names of other Marks, and their Use.

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M. W bat other Marks are there?

S. There are Twelve, as follows.
An Apostrophe or Comma' An Index
An Asterisk

An Obelisku tv A Caret.

A Paragraph

TT Crotchets []

A Parenthesis ( ) An Ellipfis

A Quotation

6 A Hyphen

A Section
M. Wbat is the Use of an Apostrophe ?

S. It is used when a Letter is omitted, and the Word also becomes one Syllable less, when an Apostrophe is placed between the Syllables. Thus, fav'd, judg’d, is saved, judged, only pronounced with one Syllable. An Apostrophe also placed before ans, at the End of a Word, serves to express a Sentence much shorter and better, as you will see by and bye more plainly. Thus, Solomon's Wifdom, is the same as the Wisdom of Solomon : so that you see it supplies the Place of the and of. Thus, St. Mary's Parib, signifies the Parish of St. Mary.

M.Wbat do you mean by an Asterisk, and what is its Use?

? S. An Asterisk, or Star, (*) is used to refer to some Note in the Margin of a Book : When there are, several of them together thus, (****)) they denote that Something is left out, that the Author does not choose to insert at full Length.

M. What





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M. What is the Use of a Caret?

S. A Caret (") is placed underneath a Line when a Word is left out, and points to the place where it ought to be placed. Thus, God will the Wicked, should be, God will punish the Wicked.

M. Wbat are the Use of Crotchets ?

S. Crotchets [ ] like Parenthesis, serve only to explain a Word or Thing more fully.

M. What is the Use of an Ellipsis ?
8. An Ellipfis (a) is used, when Part of a

Verse or Sentence is quoted; thus :

Tbat I may recover my Strength. Pfalm xxxix. 13. M. When is a Hyphen used?

S. A Hyphen (-) is used in compound Words, in Order to couple them together: Or when two Names or Things have a Hypben between them, they then become but oneWord. Thus, Coachmaker, Schoolmaster, &c. are often wrote Coach-Maker, School-Master, &c.

M. Wbat is the Use of an Index

S. An Index or Hand thus () points to some semarkable Thing or Passage in an Author. Ser Page 32d of this Book.

M. What is the Use of an Obelisk ?

S. An Obelisk (+) is often used in large Books, and in many Quotations, and refers you to the Margin of the Book for further Instruction.

M. Wbat do you mean by a Paragraph ?

S. A Paragraph () is fet at the Beginning of .every new Subječt, and no other Paragraph is made till the Sense of the first is fully treated of.

will find this Mark in almost every Chapter of the:
Old and New Testament.
M. What is the Utje nf a Parenthesis?'

S. A

S. A Parenthesis ( ) serves to explain, or give a fuller Sense and Meaning to any Thing; and yet fo, that the Sentence itself will always read full as well, and oftentimes better without it; and therefore the Words included in it, should be read with a lower Tone of the Voice: As thus, I know, that in me (that is in my Flesh) dwells no good Thing. Or it serves to affirm more positively ; thus : Tbe Word of God says, (and I know it is trae) that the Wicked shall perish for ever. Or it is used in Exceptions; as thus : I give all I bave (except my Watch) to William.

M. What is a Quotation ?

S. It is a Thing, or Subject, borrowed from another Author, and quoted Word for Word and then the Author that borrows it puts, or should put two Commas made backwards ; thus : to let the Reader know 'tis not his own Words, or Opinion only

M. What is the Use of a Section ?

S. A Sestion ($) is often set at the Head, or Be. ginning of fome other Subject, or new Discourse: It is alfo used in long Writings, where the Author gives many Instances of a Thing, and refers to the Proof of it in the Margin ; the same as the Afterisk or Obelisk.

M. Are bere all the Marks?

S. There is another, callid by some a Brall, and is made thus. }

M. Pray what is its Use ?

S. It serves to bind, link, or circumflex several Things together. It is often used in Poetry to tie, or link three Lines together, that rhyme, or jingle in the Ear. Thus,

I ben


Tlou great Creator of Mankind,
Let finful Souls Compassion find.
Proftrate my contrite Heart I bend;
My God, my Father, and


Do not forsake me in the End.


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Or it is often used to bind or circumflex two or three Lines of Figures together, and sometimes the Total is set right against the Middle of it. Thus, Suppose your Share of Pounds, or any Thing else be 4, 5, and 7, and my Share be 5, 2,

2 and 6, it is often set thus, 4

5 5

16 Yours 7 Here your Share is 16, and Mine 13, &c. &c.

M. Very well : But pray what is the Meaning of, &c. &c.

S. They are often placed after an Example, to shew you that the Thing may be proved by a Vas riety of Instances.

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