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S. They are as follows.

Plural. 1, is the iit, Person

We, the ift Person
Thou,' thee

or ' you,

Ye, or you, the 2d.
2d, Perfon

He, fe, or it, the 3d. I hey, the 3d. Per.

fon M. What is the Difference between I, and me, he, and him, she, and her, we, and us, they, and them?

S. I, he, me, we, and they, begin a Sentence, but seldom end it : And me, him, her, them, and us, seldom or never begin a Sentence, but often end it. Thus, I went for him : He came to me : She followed him : They both din’d with me : 1 ask'd them to drink Tea : We took a Walk, my Brother followed Us.

M. What Difference is there between my or mine, thy or thine, his, her or hers, your or yours, their or theirs ?

S. My, tby, bis, ker, your, and their, are used as Adjectives ; as, my Book, bis Gloves, ber Fan, your Hat, their Goods. But mine, thine, his, hers, ours, yours, or theirs, are call'd posesive Pronouns; because they denote Possession, and are used without the Subftantive, or else follow it. As, whose Book is this? Mine (q. d.) it is my Book. Whose Gloves are these ? His, bers; ours, yours, theirs, &c.

M.What is the Difference, between who, which and what?

S. Who is used when we speak of Persons only; which is used when we speak both of Persons and Things; and what is mostly used in asking a Ques

tion. Thus, the Man who commits Murder shall I die. This is the Book which I bought, or this is

the Child which I saw. What must I give for this | Thing, Gc. &c.


M. Are

M. Are not fome Pronouns contrasted ?

S. Yes, for several Pronouns or Words are shorten-
ed by the Use of other Words which signify the
fame : Thus,

By this

By that

By which, or what

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M. What is a Verb ?

S. A Verb is a Part of Speech that denotes Being, Doing, or Suffering. As, I live, I love, I am loved.

M. How are Verbs known in general from other los Parts of Speech?

s. They

S. They may be known by the Word To going before them; as, to fing, to dance, to fight, to cry, to abbor, to punish, to abominate, as also, to be bote to be cold, to be burned, to be punished, &c.

M. How many sorts of Verbs are there?
S. Three, Aktive, Palive, and Neuter.
M. Wbat do you mean by an active Verb.

S. An aEtive Verb is a Word that denotes ar AEtion, and in such a Manner, that the Person, or Thing it acts upon, follows the Verb. Thus, I love ber, She loves me. We love them,

M. What is a passive Verb?

S. A pasive Verb denotes Suffering, or the Impressions that Perfons or Things receive, whether they act or are acted upon; as, John burns, John is burned, &c.

M. Has the English Tongue any passive Verbs?

S. The English Tongue has no paljive Verbs; for it has not a Word that denotes Suffering.

M. How then is that Want supplied ?

S. By the Help of these two small Words, am, and be, which are called auxiliary, or helping Verbs, as you will see by and by.

M. What is a neuter Verb?

S. A neuter Verb is sometimes active, and sometimes pasive; As, I run, I a112 fick.

M. Is there no other Sort of Verbs ?

S. There is another, callid an imperfonal Verb, because it is used without any Distinction of Sex, or any of the personal Pronouns, and is govern'd or known by the Word it; as, it rains, it bails, it snows, it is cold, &c. And when we speak of a Child, without considering whether it be a Boy or Girl, we then say, it cries, it sleeps, &c.

M. Hovi many sorts of impersonal Verbs are there?

S. Two; viz. 18live, as, it snows, and Pasive, as, it is cold.

M. How many Things belong to Verbs ?
S. Three, viz. Person, Muod, Time, or Tense.

Of the Persons of Verbs.



M. How many Persons belong to a Verb ?
S. Three Singular, and three Plural;

1, thou, or you, he or sve, or it, are Singular,

We, ye or jou, and they, are Plural,
M. How do you name the different Persons ?
S. I is called the first Person fingular;

Thou, or you the second Perfon fingular ;
He, fe, or it, are of the third Person singular.
We, is the firf Person plural;
re, or you, the second Person plural;

They, is the third Person plural.
M. Does the Verb always remain the same in every

S. No; it differs from itself in the second Person singular, and in the third Person singular ; but it is the same in all the Rest.

M. Give me an Example of the Verb to love, throughout all the Persons.

S. The Verb to love runs thus.' First Perfu

I love, or do love. Second Perfon

Thou loveit, or doit love. Third Perfon

He, or She loveth (loves) or doth love First Perf 12

We love, or do love. Second Person

Ye, or you love, or do love, Third Perfon

They love, or do love.

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Or suppose the Verb to burn.
I burn; thou burneft ; be, or she burns.

We burn; ye, or you burn, they burn. Here you see the Verbs love and burn remain the fame in all the Persons, except the second and third Person singular, and then it is lovest, burnes ; loveth or loves; burnetb or burns.

of It is more modern to say or write loves and burns, rather than lo vềth or barneth, as it is shorter, and more agreeable to Speech in Conversation.

N. B. It is always of the third Person singular; as, it raineth, rains, or doth rain ; it burns, or does burnt, &c.

M. How is a Verb known from all the other Parts of Speech?

S. Those Words are Verbs, before which you may (with good Sense) place any personal Pronoun, or the Word To; as, I walk, he runs, we fing, they rejoice, &c. Or otherwise, to walk, to run, tu fing, to rejoice, are Verbs.


M. What do you mean by a Mood ?

S. Moods in Grammar signify the various Ways of expressing a Verb, or Aetion of a Verb.

M. How many Moods are there in Grammar ?

S. The English, strictly speaking, have no Mood; but the Latin, and several other Languages, have six different Moods, which they Use in the Formation or Conjugation of Verbs; in which the Verb itself has a different Termination or Ending in every person, and almost in every Tense belonging thereto. M, Wbat do they call these Moods?

S. They

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