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6. When the Verb is, or are, lie pretty far from the Substantive, and in a long Sentence, they will either of them read very well; and a tolerable Scholar would be puzzled to find the Difference, and may easily make a false Concord For Instance, suppose I had a great Number of Bottles, Fowls, or any such Thing, and somebody says, where are all your Bottles Part of them are gore to France; Part of them are sent to Germany, and Part are at Home -Here the Verb are passes very well, because Bottles are of the plural Number; but the Word l'art governs the Verb, and being but one Part (tho' many Bottles) should have the Verb is ; thus Part of them is sent to Germany, &c.----Again,
I have a Dwelling-house, Landry, Dairy, Brewhouse, Coach-house and Stables; the Dwellinghouse is brick built and tyled; but Part of the Landry, Dairy and Brew-house are Timber, and Part of the Coach-house and Stables are thatch’d.Here because the Buildings are plural the Verb are runs very smooth, and reads well ; but it is not true English for all that; for the Word Part is the nominative Word to the Verb, which is singular, therefore should have the Verb is, viz. Part is tyled, Part is thatch'd.
7. Some Persons make a great Bustle, and teli
you that ʼtis impossible to spell or write good English without being well acquainted with Latin ; nor can you, say they, know the nominative Word to the Verb without it : But we are now quite convinced of the contrary, having a perfect Grammar of our own; and it would be well for the Latin Schools, if the Youth first knew the Rudiments of their own Tongue. For daily
Experience shews, that 'tis not any one particular Language, but Observation and Practice, that makes a Person write and spell well. Witness Mr. Lane, Mr. Greenwood, Dr. Turner, Dr Watts, and many others. See the Preface.
8. As for the nominative Word to the Verb, there is one infallible Rule to know it by; and that is, after you have read any Sentence, ask a Question who did such a Thing? Or what is such aThing? and the Answer lets you know the nominative Word or Sentence ; thus: God punishes the Wicked : Who punishes the Wicked ? God; therefore God is the nominative Word to the Verb punish.
Again, a true and faithful Servant will perform or do his Master's Business behind his Back, as well, or better than he would before his Face Who would do his Master's Business better behind his Back than before his Face? A true and faithful Servant.--Here, true and faithful Servant is the nominative Word, or Sentence, to the Verb perform or do.
9. Remember in the comparative and superlative Degree of Adjectives, that you never use the Words more, and most ; that is, never say more wiser, more stronger ; nor never most wisejt, or most Strongest, &c.
10. The Word fome is both fingular and plural according to the Sentence; as, Give me some Apples, means give me as many as you please, but more than one.
But when we say give me some one or other of those Apples, it means any one, and leaves the Choice to the Will or Fancy of the Giver.
II. There are some Sentences expressed according to Cuilom, which because they seem a little
inconsistent with some critical Wiseacres, they often laugh at, and contradict you, for the sake of cavilling only. Thus we say, My Pipe is
Light your Pipe. He brought my Horse
I carried John three Miles, &c. &c. All which are very proper, tho' we know at the same Time, that the Tobacco is the real Thing spoken of, and not the Pipe-Nor did he bring the Horse ; but rather the Horse brought him, or else he drove or led it. And I carried John three Miles, naturally shews, or supposes, that he rode three Miles with me, either on Horseback, or in some Carriage or other. But they will still shew their Folly further, by saying, perhaps he rode upon a Mare ; not considering that a Mare is a Horse, and a Woman a Man: For a House or a Nation, is the People of that House or Nation : Thus, when we say, that's a wicked House, it is always understood the People of the House ; and the Reason of these Expressions is, because the Less is always comprehended in the Greater ; and the Feminine gives place to the Masculine Gender.
12. There are many other Things necessary to be known; but having already extended this Work far beyond the Bounds that I design'd, I must at present omit them; but may perhaps treat more largely upon them hereafter; if Health and the more necesary Business of Life will allow of it.
Containing a seleet ColleЕtion of Words of two, three,
and four Syllables, accented, explained, and divided
would understand what they read and write.
Noun Sulitantives of two Syllables, accented and
N. B. If you cannot find the Word of two Syllables. In this
Substantives Ahould be.wrote with a Capital Letter.
Anchor, an Infirument to fafter Bridegroom,arew married Man a Ship
Bridewell, an House of Correce, Angel, a Spirit
tion Angle, a Corner
Brimstone, a Mineral apt to Annals, yearly Chronicles
take Fire Anthem, a Divine Song
Bróker, one that takes Pawns Anvil, a Smith's Iron
Brothel, a Bawdy House Aspect, Countenance
Brownists, Independents 1 Austin, a Man's Name Brushwood, Small Word B.
Bucket, a Leather Pail Babboón, a Kind of Monkey
Buckler, a piece of Armour B'adger, a Carrier, also a Beaft Buckram, diff Cloth
Budget, a Bag Banker, a Trader in Money
Buffoón, a jster Bankrupt, a broken Person Búlwark, a strong Fort Banner, an Enfign or Standard Burther, a Load Baptist, one who baptizes Burgess, a Member of Parlia. Baron, a Nobleman
ment for a Borough; also an Bastile, a French Prison
Inbabitant thereof Beacon, an high Light to guide Burlesqúe, doing a Thing in e Ships
comical Way Bedlam, an House for mad Peo- Búftard, a large Bird ple
Butler, a Servant Bencher, a Lawyer of the firfit Buttress, a Prop or Pillar Rank
Buzzard, a Bird so called
Cabbin, a small Room in a Billow, a Wave
Cancer, a Sore Bodkin, an Inftrument for Candour, Sincerity making Holes
Cannon, a great Gun Bonnet, a Sort of Cap
Canon, a Rule or Cbureb.Law Border, an Edge
Canóo, an Indian Beat Borough, a Town corporate
Cánvass, coarse Cloth Bottom, the under Side
Capers, a Pickle Bounty, Generosity
Caprice, Humour Bowels, the Guts
Carbíne, a short Gun
Cárcass, a dead Body