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6. When the Verb is, or are, lie pretty far from the Subftantive, and in a long Sentence, they will either of them read very well; and a tolerable Scholar would be puzzled to find the Difference, and may easily make a falfe Concord For In
stance, suppose I had a great Number of Bottles, Fowls, or any fuch Thing, and fomebody fays, where are all your Bottles Part of them are gone to France; Part of them are sent to Germany, and Part are at Home Here the Verb are
paffes very well, becaufe Bottles are of the plural Number; but the Word Part governs the Verb, and being but one Part (tho' many Bottles) should have the Verb is; thus Part of them is fent to Germany, &c.—————Again,
I have a Dwelling-house, Landry, Dairy, Brewhoufe, Coach-house and Stables; the Dwellinghoufe is brick built and tyled; but Part of the Landry, Dairy and Brew-houfe are Timber, and Part of the Coach-house and Stables are thatch'd.Here because the Buildings are plural the Verb are runs very smooth, and reads well; but it is not true English for all that; for the Word Part is the nominative Word to the Verb, which is fingular, therefore fhould have the Verb is, viz. Part is tyled, Part is thatch'd.
7. Some Perfons make a great Buftle, and you that 'tis impoffible to spell or write good English without being well acquainted with La- tin; nor can you, fay they, know the nominative Word to the Verb without it: But we are now quite convinced of the contrary, having a perfect Grammar of our own; and it would be well for the Latin Schools, if the Youth first knew the Rudiments of their own Tongue. For daily Experience
Experience fhews, that 'tis not any one particular Language, but Obfervation and Practice, that makes a Perfon write and spell well. Witnefs Mr. Lane, Mr. Greenwood, Dr. Turner, Dr Watts, and many others. See the Preface.
8. As for the nominativeWord to the Verb, there is one infallible Rule to know it by; and that is, after you have read any Sentence, ask a Question who did fuch a Thing? Or what is fuch aThing? and the Anfwer lets you know the nominative Word or Sentence; thus: God punishes the Wicked: Who punishes the Wicked? God; therefore God is the nominative Word to the Verb punish.
Again, a true and faithful Servant will perform or do his Master's Business behind hisBack, as well, or better than he would before his Face Who would do his Master's Business better behind his Back than before his Face? A true and faithful Servant.-Here, true and faithful Servant is the nominative Word, or Sentence, to the Verb perform or do.
9. Remember in the comparative and fuperlative Degree of Adjectives, that you never ufe the Words more, and most; that is, never fay more wifer, more stronger; nor never most wifeft, or most Strongest, &c.
10. The Word fome is both fingular and plural according to the Sentence; as, Give me fome Apples, means give me as many as you please, but more than one. But when we fay give me some one or other of thofe Apples, it means any one, and leaves the Choice to the Will or Fancy of the Giver.
II. There are fome Sentences expreffed according to Cultom, which because they feem a little
inconfiftent with fome critical Wifeacres, they often laugh at, and contradict you, for the Sake of cavilling only. Thus we fay, My Pipe is out.-Light your Pipe.He brought my Horse. I carried John three Miles, &c. &c. All which are very proper, tho' we know at the fame Time, that the Tobacco is the real Thing spoken of, and not the Pipe. Nor did he bring the Horfe; but rather the Horfe brought him, or elfe he drove or led it. And I carried John three Miles, naturally fhews, or fuppofes, that he rode three Miles with me, either on Horseback, or in fome Carriage or other. But they will still fhew their Folly further, by saying, perhaps he rode upon a Mare; not confidering that a Mare is a Horse, and a Woman a Man: For a Houfe or a Nation, is the People of that House or Nation: Thus, when we fay, that's a wicked Houfe, it is always understood the People of the House; and the Reason of thefe Expreffions is, because the Lefs is always comprehended in the Greater; and the Feminine gives place to the Masculine Gender.
12. There are many other Things neceffary to be known; but having already extended this Work far beyond the Bounds that I defign'd, I must at present omit them; but may perhaps treat more largely upon them hereafter; if Health and the more neceffary Business of Life will allow of it.
Containing a felect Collection of Words of two, three, and four Syllables, accented, explained, and divided into three diftinct Claffes, for the more ready and eafy understanding the three principal Parts of Speech, viz. Subftantives, Adjectives, and Verbs: Being an ufeful Pocket Companion, for fuch as would understand what they read and write.'
Noun Subftantives of two Syllables, accented and explained.
N. B. If you cannot find the Word of two Syllables in this Table, look in the next two Tables, among the Adjectives or Verbs.
Subftantives fhould be wrote with a Capital Letter.
Anchor, an Infirument to faften Bridegroom, a new married Man
Angel, a Spirit
Angle, a Corner
Annals, yearly Chronicles
Babboón, a Kind of Monkey B'adger, a Carrier, alfo a Beaft fo called
Banker, a Trader in Money
Bedlam, an Houfe for mad Peo-
Beryl, a precious Stone
Bodkin, an Inftrument for
Borough, a Town corporate
Bridewell, an Houfe of Correc-.
Brimstone, a Mineral apt to take Fire
Bróker, one that takes Pawns
Cabál, a Gang of Perfons
Cadence, Fall of the Voice
Canon, a Rule or Church-Law
Capers, a Pickle
Carbine, a fhort Gun
Brevet, a Pope's Bull
Cárcafs, a dead Body