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Catharina, though possessed of so many accomplishments; experienced all the miseries of hopeless indigence. Pro visions becoming every day more scarce, and her private stock being entirely exhausted, she resolved at last, to travel to Marienburgh, a city of greater plenty.

8. With her scanty wardrobe, packed up in a wallet, she set out on her journey, on foot. She was to walk through a region miserable by nature, but rendered still more hideous by the Swedes and Russians, who, as each happened to become masters, plundered it at discretion : but hunger had taught her to despise the dangers and fatigues of the way.

9. One evening upon her journey, as she had entered a cottage by the way-side, to take up her lodging for the night, she was insulted by two Swedish soldiers. They might probably have carried their insults into violence, had not a subaltern officer, accidentally passing by, come in to her assistance.

10. Upon his appearing, the soldiers immediately desisted; but the thankfulness was hardly greater than her surprise, when she instantly recollected, in her deliverer, the son of the Lutheran minister, her former instructer, benefactor, and friend. This was a happy interview for Catharina.

11. The little stock of money she had brought from home, was by this time quite exhausted; her clothes were gone, piece by piece, in order to satisfy those who had entertained her in their houses : her generous countryman, therefore, parted with what he could spare, to buy her clothes; furnished her with a horse ; and gave her letters of recommendation, to a faithful friend of his father's, the superintendent of Marienburgh. ·

SECTION XVII.

The same subject contiuued. 1. The beautiful stranger was well received at Marienburgh. She was immediately admitted into the superintendent's family, as governess to his two daughters; and, though but seventeen, showed herself capable of instructing her sex, not only in virtue, but in politeness. 2. Such were her good sense and beauty, that her mashimself, in a short time, offered her his hand; which

to his great surprise, she thought proper to refuse. Actuated by a principle of gratitude, she was resolved to marry her deliverer only, though he had lost an arm, and was otherwise disfigured by wounds received in the service.

3. In order, therefore, to prevent further solicitations from others, as soon as the officer came to town upon duty, she offered him her hand, which he accepted with joy ; and their nuptials were accordingly solemnized.

4. But all the lines of her fortune were to be striking. The very day on which they were married, the Russians laid siege to Marienburgh. The unhappy soldier was immediately ordered to an attack, from which he never returned.

5. In the mean time, the siege went on with fury, aggravated on one side by obstinacy, on the other by revenge.

The war between the two northern powers at that time was truly barbarous ; the innocent peasant and the harmless virgin, often shared the fate of the soldier in

arms.

6. Marienburgh was taken by assault ; and such was the fury of the assailants, that not only the garrison, but almost all the inhabitants, men, women, and children, were put to the sword.

7. At length, when the carnage was pretty well over, Catharina was found hid in an oven. She had hitherto been poor, but free. She was now to conform to her hard fate, and learn what it was to be a slave. In this situation, however, she behaved with piety and humility; and though misfortunes had abated her vivacity, yet she was cheerful.

8. The fame of her merit and resignation reached even prince Menzikoff, the Russian general. He desired to see her ; was pleased with her appearance; bought her from the soldier, her master; and placed her under the direction of his own sister. Here she was treated with all the respect which her 'merit deserved, while her beauty every day improved with her good fortune.

9. She had not been long in this situation, when Peter the Great, paying the prince a visit, Catharina happened to come in with some dried fruits, which she served round with peculiar modesty. The mighty monarch saw ber, and was struck with her beauty.

10. He returned the next day; called for the beautiful slave; asked her several questions; and found the charms of her mind superior even to those of her person. He had been forced when young, to marry from motives of interest; he was now resolved to marry pursuant to his own inclinations. He immediately inquired into the history of the fair Livonian, who was not yet eighteen.

11. He traced her through the vale of obscurity ; through the vicissitudes of her fortune ; and found her truly great in them all. The meanness of her birth was no obstruction to his design. The nuptials were solemnized in private; the prince declaring to his courtiers, that virtue was the properest ladder to a throne.

12. We now see Catharina, raised from the low, mudwalled cottage,

to be empress of the greatest kingdom

The poor solitary wanderer is now surrounded by thousands, who find happiness in her smile. She, who formerly wanted a meal, is now capable of diffusing plenty upon whole nations. To her good fortune she owed a part of this pre-eminence, but to her virtues

upon earth.

more.

13. She ever after retained those great qualities which first placed her on the throne ; and while the extraordinary prince, her husband, labored for the reformation of his male subjects, she studied, in her turn, the improvement of her own sex. She altered their dresses; introduced mixed assemblies; instituted an order of female knighthood; promoted piety and virtue; and, at length, when she had greatly filled all the stations of empress, friend, wife, and mother, bravely died without regret,---regretted

by all.

GOLDSMITH.

SECTION XVIII. Virtue and Happiness equally attainable by the rich and

the poor.

1. The man to whom God has given riches, and blessed with a mind to employ them aright, is peculiarly favored, and highly distinguished. He looks on his wealth with pleasure because it affords him the means to do good. He protects the poor that are injured; he suffers not the mighty to oppress the eak. Z. He seeks out objects of compassion; he inquires into their wants ; he relieves them with judgment, and without ostentation. He assists and rewards merit; he encourages ingenuity, and liberally promotes every useful design. He carries on great works ; his country is enriched, and the laborer is employed; he forms new schemes, and the arts receive improvement.

3. He considers the superfluities of his table, as belonging to the poor of his neighborhood ; and he defrauds them not. The benevolence of his mind is not checked by his fortune; he rejoices therefore in riches and his joy is blameless.

4. The virtuous poor man also may rejoice ; for he has many reasons. He sits down to his morsel in peace; his table is not crowded with flatterers and devourers. He is not embarrassed with a train of dependants, nor teased with the clamors of solicitation. Debarred from the dainties of the rich, he escapes also their diseases.

5. The bread that he eats, is it not sweet to his taste ? The water he drinks, is not pleasant to his thirst. Yea, far more delicious than the richest draughts of the luxurious. His labor preserves his health, and procures him a repose, to which the downy bed of sloth is a stranger.

6. He limits his desires with humility; and the calm of contentment is sweeter to his soul, than all the acquisitions of wealth and grandeur.-Let not the rich, therefore, presume on his riches; nor the poor in his poverty, yield to despondence: for the providence of God dispenses happiness to them both.

ECONOMY OF HUMAN LIFE,

SECTION XIX.

The Character of Christ. 1. WAOEVER considers, with attention, the character of our blessed Lord, as it may be collected from the various incidents and actions of his life, (for there are no labored descriptions of it, no encomiums upon it, by his own disciples,) will soon discover that it was, in every respect, the most perfect that ever was made known to mankind.

2. If we only say of him, what even Pilate said of him, and what his bitterest enemies cannot and do not deny, that we can find no fault in him, and that the whole tenor

of his life was blameless, this is more than can be said of any other person that ever came into the world.

3. But this is going a very little way indeed, in the excellence of his character. He was not only free from every failing, but he possessed and practised every ima. ginable virtue. Towards his heavenly Father he expressed the most ardent love, the most fervent, yet rational devotion ; and displayed in his whole conduct, the most absolute resignation to his will, and obedience to his commands.

4. His manners were gentle, mild, condescending, and gracious: his heart overflowing with kindness, compassion, and tenderness to the whole human race. The great employment of his life, was to do good to the bodies and souls of men. In this, all his thoughts, and all his time were constantly and almost incessantly occupied.

5. He went about, dispensing his blessings to all around him, in a thousand different ways; healing diseases, relieving infirmities, correcting errors, removing prejudices, promoting piety, justice, charity, peace, and harmony; and crowding into the narrow compass of his ministry, more acts of mercy and compassion, than the longest life of the most benevolent man upon earth ever yet produced.

6. Over his own passions he had the most complete command; and though his patience was continually put to the severest trials, yet he was never overcome, never betrayed into any intemperance or excess, in word or deed ;

never once spake unadvisedly with his lips." 7. He endured the crueleşt insults from his enemies, with the utmost composure, meekness, patience, and resignation; displayed astonishing fortitude under a most painful and ignominious death ; and to crown all, in the very midst of his torments on the cross, implored forgiveness for his murderers, in that divinely charitable prayer, “ Father, forgive them for they know not what they do."

8. Nor was his wisdom inferior to his virtues. The doctrines he taught were the most sublime, and the most important, that were ever before delivered to mankind; and every way worthy of that God, from whom he professed derive them, and whose Son he declared himself to be.

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