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founded greater. I have cherished arts, commerce, and philosophy.
Robber. I, too, have freely given to the poor, what I took from the rich. I have established order and discipline among the most ferocious of mankind; and have stretched out my protecting arın over the oppressed. I know, indeed, little of the philosophy you talk of; but I believe neither you nor I shall ever atone to the world, for the mischief we have done it.
Alexander. Leave mę-Take off his chains, and use him well. Are we then so much alike?-Alexander to a robber --Let me reflect.
A FAMILY CONVERSATION.
On the Slavery of Negroes. Augusta. My dear papa, you once informed me, that in the West-Indies, all laborious operations were perform ed by negro slaves. Are those islands inhabited by negroes ? I thought these people were natives of Africa.
Father. You are right, my dear ; they are, indeed, natives of Africa; but they have been snatched by the hand of violence, from their country, friends, and connexions. I am ashamed to confess, that many ships are annually sent from different parts of England, to the coast of Guinea, to procure slaves from that unhappy country, for the use of our West-India islands, where they are sold to the planters of sugar-plantations; and afterwards employed in the hardest and most servile occupations; and pass the rest of their lives in slavery and wretchedness.
Sophia. How much my heart feels for them! How agonizing it must be, to be separated from one's near relations : parents perhaps divided from their children for ever ; husbands from their wives; brothers and sisters obliged to bid each other a final farewell :-But why do the kings of the African states suffer their subjects to be 80 cruelly treated ?
Mother. Many causes have operated to induce the African princes to become assistants in this infamous traffic; and instead of being the defenders of their harmless people, they have frequently betrayed them to their most cruel enemies. The Europeans have corrupted
these ignorant rulers, by presents of rum, and other spirituous liquors, of which they are immoderately fond. They have fomented jealousies, and excited wars amongst them, merely for the sake of obtaining the prisoners of war for slaves. Frequently they use no ceremony, but go on shore in the night, set fire to a neighboring village, and seize upon all the unhappy victims who run out to escape the flames.
Cecilia. What hardened hearts do the captains of those ships possess! They must have become extremely cruel, before they would undertake such an employment.
Mother. There is reason to believe that most of them, by the habits of such a life, are become deaf to the voice of pity; we must, however, compassionate the situation of those, whose parents have early bred them to this profession, before they were of an age to choose a different employment. But to resume the subject of the negroes. What I have related is only the beginning of their sor
When they are put on board the ships, they are crowded together in the hold, where many of them die for want of air and room. There have been frequent instances of their throwing themselves into the sea, when they could find an opportunity, and seeking in death, a refuge from their calamity. As soon as they arrive in the WestIndies, they are carried to a public market, where they are sold to the best bidder, like horses at our fairs. Their future lot depends much upon the disposition of the master, into whose hands they happen to fall; for among the overseers of sugar-plantations, there are some men of feeling and humanity ; but too generally the treatment of the poor negroes is very severe. Accustomed to an easy, indolent life, in the luxurious and plentiful country of Africa, they find great hardship from the transition to a life of severe labor, without any mixture of indulgence to soften it. Deprived of the hope of amending their condition by any course of conduct they can pursue, they frequently abandon themselves to despair; and die, in what is called the seasoning ; which is, becoming inured by length of time to their situation. They who have less sensibility and stronger constitutions, survive their complicated misery but a few years; for it is generally agknowledged, that they seldom attain the full period of human life.
Augusta. Humanity shudders at your account ! but I have heard a gentleman, who had lived many years abroad, say, that negroes were not much superior to the brutes; and that they were so stupid and stubborn, that nothing but stripes and severity could have any influence over them.
Father. That gentleman was most probably interested in misleading those with whom he conversed. People, who reason in that manner, do not consider the disada vantages which the poor negroes suffer, for want of cultivation. Leading an ignorant, savage life in their own country, they can have acquired no previous information ; and when they fall into the hands of their cruel oppressors, a life of laborious servitude, which scarcely affords them sufficient time for sleep, deprives them of every op portunity of improving their minds. There is no reason to suppose that they differ from us in any thing but color ; which distinction arises from the intense heat of their climate. There have been instances of a few whose situation has been favorable to improvement, who have shown strong powers of mind. Those masters, who neglect the religious and moral instruction of their slaves, add a heavy load of guilt to that already incurred, by their share in this unjust and inhuman traffic.
Charles. My indignation rises at this recital. Why does not the British Parliament exert its powers to avenge
of these oppressed Africans ? What can prevent an Act being passed, to forbid Englishmen from buying and selling slaves ?
Father. Many persons of great talents and virtue, have made several fruitless attempts - to obtain an Act for the abolition of this trade. Men interested in its continuance have hitherto frustrated these generous designs; but we may rely upon the goodness of that Divine Providence, who cares for all creatures, that the day will come when their rights will be considered : And there is great reason to hope, from the light already cast upon the subject, that the rising generation will prefer justice and mercy, to interest and policy; and will free themselves from the odium we at present suffer, of treating our fellow creatures in a manner unworthy of them, and of ourselves.
Mother. ry, repeat that beautiful apostrophe to a negro woman, which you learned the other day out of Barbauld's hymns.
Henry. “Negrò woman, who sittest pining in captivity, and weepest over thy sick child; though no one sees thee, God sees thee; though no one pities thee, God pitics thee. Raise thy voice, forlorn and abandoned one; call upon him from amidst thy bonds, for assuredly he will lear thee."
Cecilia. I think no riches could tempt me to have any share in the slave trade. I could never enjoy peace of mind, whilst I thought I contributed to the woes of mỹ fellow creatures.
Mother. But, Cecilia, to put your compassion to the proof; are you willing to debar yourself of the numerous indulgencies you enjoy, from the fruit of their labor ?
Cecilia. I would forego any indulgence to alleviate their gufferings.
The rest of the children together. We are all of the same mind.
Mother. I admire the sensibility of your uncorrupted hearts, my dear children.' It is the voice of nature and virtue. Listen to it on all occasions, and bring it home to your bosoms, and your daily practice. The same principle of benevolence, which excites your just indignation at the oppression of the negroes, will lead you to be gentle towards your inferiors, kind and obliging to your equals, and in a particular manner condescending and considerate towards your domestics; requiring no more of them, than you would be willing to perform in their situation; instructing them when you have opportunity ; sympathizing in their afflictions, and promoting their best interests 10 the utmost of your power.*
P. WAKEFIELD. SECTION IV. The Father redeemed from slavery by his Son. A young man, named Robert, was sitting alone in his boat, in the harbor of Marseilles. A stranger stepped in, and took his seat near him, but quickly rose again, ok serving, that since the master was not present, he would take another boat. “ This, sir, is mine,” said Robert, “ would you sail without the harbor ?” “I meant only.
It will, doubtless, be gratifying to the young reader, to be informed, that since this Dialogue was written, the Slave Trade has been happily abolished by the British Parliament. This nemorable, though late triumph of justice and humanity, was effected in the year
to move about in the basin, and enjoy the coolness of this fine evening. But I cannot believe you are a sailor." "Nor am I, yet on Sundays and holidays, I act the bargeman, with a view to make up a sum.” What! covetous at your age! your looks had almost prepossessed me in
“Alas! sir, did you know my situation, you would not blame me. Well, perhaps I am mistaken. Let us take our little cruise of pleasure, and acquaint me with your history."
The stranger having resumed his seat, the dialogue, after a short pause, proceeded thus. “I perceive, young man, you are sad. Whät grieves you thus ?” ther, sir, groans in fetters, and I cannot ransom him. He earned a livelinood by petty brokerage; but in an evil hour, embarked for Smyrna, to superintend in person the delivery of a cargo, in which he had a concern. The vessel was captured by a Barbary corsair ; and my father was conducted to Tetuan, where he is now a slave. They refused to release him for less than two thousand crowns, a sum which far exceeds our scanty means. , Ilowever, we do our best. My mother and sisters work day and night. I ply hard at my stated occupation of a journeyman jeweller; and, as you perceive, make the most I can of Sundays and holidays. I had resolved to put myself in my father's stead'; but my mother, apprized of my design, and dreading the double privation of a husband and an only son, requested the Levant captains to refuse me a passage. Pray, do you ever hear from your father ? Under what name does he pass ? or what is his master's address ?" “ His master is overseer of the royal gardens at Fez; and my father's name is Robert, at Tetúan, as at Marseilles."
“Robert, overseer of the royal gardens ?" sir." “I am touched with your misfortunes; but venture to predict their ternination."
Night drew on apace. The stranger, upon landing, thrust into young Robert's hand, a purse containing eight double louis d'ors, with ten crowns in silver, and instantly disappeared.
Six weeks passed after this adventure ; and each returning sun bore witness to the unremitting exertions of the good family. As they sat one day at their unsavory meal of bread and dried almonds, old Robert entered the