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Bible Society. The Old Testa- General Repository for Bibles in ment probably in a course of all languages, connected with a translation.

Translation-Library, and have In Ceylon, the translation of entered upon a plan to support the Old Testament was begun. Public Readers of the Scriptures A large edition, (5000 copies,) in the different countries of the of an old version of the New East. Testament was printing or about An Auxiliary Bible Society to be printed at Serampore ty has been established at Calcutta, the Calcutta Society,

whose primary object is to supAt Canton and Macao, Mr. ply the native Christians of India Morrison was completing and and Ceylon with the Word of correcting a defective Chinese God in their own tongues. With version of the New Testament funds amounting to thirty three carried out from England, and thousand dollars, collected in the had already printed the Acts. first eight months after their He had begun a new version of formation, they have already unGenesis and Psalms. Two Chi- dertaken new and large editions nese translations were print of the Tamul Bible, and the ing in Asia. At Bellary, Mr. Cingalese and Malayalim New Hands had translated Luke into Testament, for the benefit of the Comarre or Canara language. seven or eight or nine hundred

At Madras, Mr. Jarrett, for thousand professing Christians. aught that appears, was still pur- This stupendous account presuing the version into the West sents you with ten stations where ern Malay.

versions of the Scriptures are Mr. Sabastiani had finished a preparing, and with thirty-one Persian translation of the New translations, in twenty-five disTestament, which was in the tinct languages. But Dr. Leyden press. This was the third ver. had engaged for two more version into that language, besides sions, and one more language, the one which had been discon- one of the languages having tinued at Serampore.

since been undertaken at Se. Ey a clause in Dr. Buchanan's rampore. Allowing these to be «Star in the East,” it appears going forward, you have thirtythat some attempts had been three translations in lwenty-siz made to prepare the Scriptures languages. If you add to these for the islands in the Pacific the Tainul and Malay versions Ocean, as distinguished from the formerly made, you have thirtyMalayan islands.

five translations in twenty-eight The British and Foreign Bible languages. But this is not all; Society had appointed a Corres- there are in a state of progreso ponding Committee in Bengal, sion to be their organ while their aid TRANSLATIONS NEAR THE is needed in any region of Eastern Asia. That Committee be- In Circassia, towards the northsides all the encouragement ern extremity of the country be. which they have given to differ. tween the Caspian and Euxine ent editions of the Scriptures, Sca, at an equal distance from have established at Calcutta a both, stands the Tartar village of


Karass, at the northern foot of and thence proceeded over land Mount Caucasus, near the source to Karass. In May, 1805, the of the river Cuban, the Hypanis Society sent out four new Misof the ancients, which rises in sionaries, Messrs. Mitchell, Pinthe mountains, and separates the kerton, Macalpine, and Galloway. Russian from the Turkish Em. The two first had been taught pire. Karass, which is under the art of printing, and carried the Russian dominion, contains with them a press, and a fount a little more than 500 souls, who of Arabic types, which is the are called Mahometans. Some character used at Karass. Before of the Tartars profess indeed the their report in 1807, the British Mahometan faith, but the Cir- and Foreign Bible Society had cassians in general, though they sent them a fresh supply of Arapractise circumcision, have nei. bic types and paper, to_print ther priest, alcoran, nor mosque 5000 copies of the New Testalike other Mahometans, and are ment in the Turkish language; in fact mere pagans.

Their and by the month of August, language they have in common 1810, the printing had advanced with other neighboring Tartars, to the end of Acts.* and it is said to have an affinity At a large distance to the with the dialects of the aborigi- north east of Karass, in Russian nes of America. The country Asia, twenty-four miles below between the two seas, especially Czarizin, on a stream called Sar. the extensive regions which lie pa which falls into the river on Mount Caucasus, are inhabite Wolga, the Moravians, in the ed by different nations distin- year 1765 established a settleguished by different tongues. ment which they named Sarepta. In Karass, where there are na- Their chief object was to carry tives from all the surrounding the Gospel to the Calmuck Tar. countries, no less than six or tars, and other heathen tribes in seven distinct dialects are un- those vast regions. Some of the derstood. Around it are the brethren resided awhile among Circassians, Kabardinians, and the Calmucks, conforming to Abassinians. On one side is a their manners, living in tents, horde of Nagay Tartars subject and accompanying their moving to Russia; a little more than a camp through those immense day's journey on the other side plains covered with long grass. are the Cuban Tartars now, or But all their labors were withat least lately, subject to Turkey. out success. At length the great

In the spring of 1802, the est part of the Calmucks quitted Missionary Society of Edin. that neighborhood and removed burgh established in 1796, sent out of their reach. The brethout two Missionaries to the countries bordering on the Caspian • Theol. Mag. vol. ii, p. 220. N. Sea." Messrs. Brunton and Pat Y.M.M. vol. iii, p. 279, 280; vol. iv, erson, with an African youth, p 144-151. M. B. M. M. vol. iii, p. whom Mr. Brunton had brought

100. Pan. vol. i, p 319; vol. iii, p. from the neighborhood of Sierra 232, vol. v, p. 91; vol. vii, p. 330.

Star in E. p. 29. M.'s Geog. vol. ii, Leone, sailed from Leith, on the p. 342,407,412. R.'s Cyc. underCalla 17th of April, for Petersburgh, casus, Circassia, and Cuban,


ren, however, have been useful west, and the translators in India to the German colonies on the on the east, and are unsheathing Wolga, by forming societies a- the sword of the Spirit for the conmong them, and supplying them quest of all the countries which with ministers.

lie between them. May they Some of the brethren translated continue their march till they a small portion of the Scriptures 'meet in Jerusalem, and sing their into the Calmuck language, but triumphs on Mount Zion! were too poor to print it. Understanding that a fount of types could be obtained at Petersburgh ON SUPERSTITIOUS OBSERVAN. for 600 rubles, (about 270 dolJars, they applied to the Committee of the British and Foreign

For the Panoplist. Bible Society for aid. The Com- Habits and practices of immormittee not only sent them that al tendency often exist in Chrissum, but advised them to under- tian communities, of such a natake the translation of entire ture as to render it difficult to books of the New Testament, state them with clearness, or to promising further assistance in censure them with dignity. The proportion as they proceeded. divine and the moralist generally All this was done before the lay hold on the more prominent month of May, 1808. In the vices and foibles; and too often spring of 1809 the committee permit those, which have a less received information that the obvious, and more undefined, money had arrived, and that the character, to escape without anbrethren, encouraged by that imadversion. But conceiving supply, and the promise of more, that every fault deserves reprehad complied with the recom- hension, and that nothing moralmendation by commencing in ly wrong can be innoxious, I proearnest the translation of Mat- pose to make some remarks on thew.

It was confidently ex- certain opinions and practices, pected that they would proceed which seem to have an extentill they had completed and pub- sive prevalence through our lished the whole New Testa- country. ment.*

Enjoying the oracles of Divine The addition of the Turkish truth and the blessings of an en and Calmuck swells the number lightened education, as the peoof stations to TWELVE, the num- ple of this country do, one could ber of languages to THIRTY, and have hoped that we might, “clean the number of translations to escape" from those errors of paTHIRTY-SEVEN.

ganism and superstition in which Thus it appears that the Mis our heathen ancestors were once, sionaries at Karass and Sarepta and the heathen world are still, have attacked the Mahonetan involved. But the fact appears and Pagan world of Asia on the otherwise. Relics of pagan su

perstition still adhere to us in N.Y.M.M. vol. i, p. 396; vol. iv,

spite of all our advantages; and p. 86. Pan. vol. iv, p. 156; vol. 1, p. men, who call themselves Chris$9,110.

tians, do and believe many of the


same things which their pagan stand their obligation to avoid forefathers did, and believed; and every appearance of an idolaprobably for no better reason trous attachment to the vanities than that such were the faith and of the heathen. Even the dicpractice of their ancestors. Men, tates of reason rightly informed, whose minds were elevated would teach them to avoid such much above the ordinary level, errors; and the fear of ridicule, have been tinctured with the one might think, would deter same superstition, and have aid. most persons from the stupid ed its perpetuation, while the observation of planets, signs, and more ignorant have clung to it visions. Still the fact is not so. with a pertinacity peculiarly How many persons the writer their own. Some who are ready has known, whom no considerato laugh at the superstition, as tions short of necessity, could they call it, of Christians, are induce to set up the frame of a themselves arrant slaves to su- building, begin a journey, or perstitions of a most ridiculous commence any new enterprise, character. But the great mis- on a Friday. The reason for fortune is, that Christians, and this, they tell you is, that Friday sober people, should become is an unlucky day, and that dupes to the same error. Chris. whatever is commenced then tians should be cautious that they will prove disastrous in the issue. bring no reproach on their pro- But let me ask the observers of fession, and should remember Friday, whence came you by that they ought to serve God such an opinion? Did you

learn and not idols. While bound to it from your Bibles? Has God any avoid even the appearance of where informed you that when evil, they ought to stand aloof in the course of the six days of from things remotely tending to creation, that day first appeared, idolatry; they should cease to and when he pronounced his consult stars, to look after productions of that day “very omens, to observe days and re- good" he notwithstanding degard visions, while they have signed the day itse}f to be very the Bible in their hands, and pro. bad?_Surely you will not charge fess to have Him, who guideth God foolishly. But will you say, into all the truth, in their hearts. that some evil agent always When men, who had been pre

busies himself in mischief on viously idolaters, and wrapped that day? Then by relinquishing in the mists of pagan supersti- your lawful pursuits through tion, embrace the Christian re- fear of this wicked agent, that is, ligion, it is no wonder that they the devil, you do homage to him. should retain, for while, I fear it may be said of you “ye some portion of their former worship ye know not whai." habits of thinking, without per.

Traces of that idolatrous venceiving their conduct to be rep- eration which our heathen ancesrehensible. But, persons who tors used to offer to the moon, are bave enjoyed from their infancy distinctly visible among us at this the light of revelation, and lived day. People now do not erect all their days in a Christian com- temples, nor altars, to that lumunity ought surely to under- minary; nor will they be forward


to acknowledge themselves its influence which the people here worshippers; but many, by their intended ascribe to the moon; conduct, pay to it, an indirect that influence is independent of homage, nor can they well ac- any known principles, or comquit themselves of the imputa- binations of matter; being magi. tion. They ascribe to it, in cer- cal, or mysterious, and exciting tain cases, some unknown, un- in the observers of such things, defined, and secret, though sensations bordering on awe, and real, agency, not belonging to superstitious veneration. Tako matter, nor dependent on any from them these sensations, and of its known properties; and ex. you remove every thing which erted in such a way as must lead they care for retaining. It is the you to conclude, if you make love of something half mysteri. any conclusion at all, that some ous, vague, and capricious, that sort of intelligence is concerned renders many so much attached in the agency. From the different to these whimsical idolatries, appearances of this body in the blended, at the same time, with a performance of its stated revo- sort of safety which mankind lutions, they will prognosticate naturally feel in being idolatrous, to you the state of the weather, while they can be so in disguise, and determine when is the proper and without profession. time to sow and to plant, and to The sun, too, is not without gather in many of the fruits of its formal observers at this day. the earth. If it is eclipsed, then Its influence is conceived to vatoo we are to expect changes in ry, as it arrives at certain points the weather, and other things in its apparent progress through which, they will tell you, its the heavens; or, in better lancclipses denote, not consider- guage as the earth is in certain ing that such eclipses are as parts of its annual revolution much a thing of course, as the about that orb. When in such alternation of day and night. a sign of the zodiac, it will exert There are indeed two ways in a certain mysterious influence which the moon has a real influ- upon particular parts of animal ence upon the earth and its pro- bodies; when in another sign, ductions; in one, by its attraciion, then another influence upon a well known property of matter; some other part of such bodies. in the other, by the rays of light Oue person will not attempt to which proceed from it, and are angle, unless the sign happens well ascertained to have an influ. that day to be right; and to ascer ence in giving color, solidity, tain this point, will examine his and some other properties, to almanac with as much gravity vegetables. The effect in the a Hindoo will peruse his first, is

mechanical, existing Shaster. Another would consent mutually between the moon and to let blood, upon no considerathe earth, and is common to all tiori, unless the sign should be miattcr; the effect in the second favorable. A third would conis chemical, as appears from the sider flesh to be inferior in qualaforesaid changes vnich are pro- ity, if the animal were pot duced by it on the vegetable butchered under the proper sign, structure, But such is not the

or at a proper period of the


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