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viz. the Tamul, Bengalee, Hin- Orissa. New Testament dostanee, Mahratta, Orissa, Shan- printed; the Old Testament, exscrit, Telinga, Guzerattce, Seek, cept the Pentateuch and from Malayalim, Carnata, Afghan, Judges to 2 Kings inclusive, Cashinirian, and Comarre; in- printed; Ruth also printed; the cluding almost all the dialects of whole Bible translated except that country
the Pentateuch. Three are spoken in India be. Shanscrit. New Testament, yond the Ganges; viz. the Bur: and the Old to the end of Joshua, man, Siamese, and Assam, (un- printed; the translation advanced less Assam be considered as be- to 1 King's, viii. longing to Hindostan,) besides Mahratta. New Testament the Eastern Malay used in the and Genesis, with a second edi. peninsula of Malacca.
tion of the Gospels, printed; Old Six are spoken in the islands; Testament translated, except viz. the Eastern Malay, Cinga- from Joshua to 2 Kings inclusive lese, Western Malay, Maldivian, and the Prophetical Books; and Bugis, and Macassar; besides of this portion, Ruth, Lamentathe Tamui used in one district of tions,and Daniel were translated. Ceylon
Hindostanee. New TestaSeven are spoken in other ment, with a second edition of the parts of the continent of Asia; Gospels, printed, and Genesis in viz. the Persian, Chinese, Ara. the press; the Old Testament bic, Jaghatai, Nepala, (unless translated to Job. Neipal be considered as belong- Many languages still remain ing to Hindostan,) Turkish, and in Eastern Asia into which no Calmuc.
part of the Scriptures is trans. Except the Chinese and Bur. Jated. These are, the language man, all the languages under the of Cabul, (and indeed in that care of the Baptist Missionaries province no less than eleven dif. belong to Hindostan, if the As. ferent tongues are said to pre• sam and Nepala may be consid- vail,) the languages spoken by ered as belonging to that coun- different small nations of mountry.
taineers to the north and east of Next to the Tamul, Eastern India; the language of Bootan; Malay and Bengalee, which are those of Tartary; several in India finished, and exclusive of the beyond the Ganges; and many Cingalese, which is an old ver- in the Islands. The exact nuni. sion of the whole New Testa- ber has not been ascertained, ment and three books of the apd it is difficult even to form a Old, the most forward of these conjecture on the subject, as Translations are the Orissa, there are probably many tongues Shanscrit, Mahratta, and Hindos- in the numerous islands, and tanee, which on the 4th of Octo- some beyond the Ganges, which ber, 1811, were in the following have never been noticed by Eustate.
topeans. VOL. V. New Series.
For the Panoplist. lation. In all Christian coun
tries, the man who looks with ON THE WORD BRETHREN AS indifference upon his brother's
APPLIED IN THE HOLY SCRIP- concerns, who does not sympaTURES TO CHRISTIANS.
thize with his brother in afflic.
tion, and rejoice with him in The Bible is written in a man- prosperity, is accounted unnat. ner wisely suited to take strong ural and unfeeling. hold of the hearts and under- I now proceed to observe, that standings of men. In that quali: the scriptural application of the ty of good writing which is de- word Brethren to Christians scribed by the epithet interesting, teaches us, the word of God infinitely sur- 1. That all Christians have a passes all other hooks. One common father. This is so obgreat reason of this distinction vious that it needs hardly to be is, that the Bible inakes great mentioned;, and yet it is full of use of those incidents in human the most serious instruction, and affairs, and those relations in life, gives rise to many affecting conwhich are equally intelligible, siderations in the mind of every and deeply felt, in all countries, contemplative man. God is the in all stages of society, and at Father of all men as their Creaevery period of the world. The tor; but he is, in a more endearrelations of parents and children, ing sense, the Father of those brethren and sisters, husband who are born again. Persons of and wife, are employed through- this character he describes as out the Scriptures to convey the begotten again to a lively hope, most important instruction, in a and, in another place, as begotten manner which cannot fail to im. with the word of truth. In this press the heart of every atten- high and spiritual sense, Christive reader. It is my design 10 tians are called the sons of God, make a few remarks on the word are entitled to the privileges of Brethren as applied to Chris- children, and are made heirs to tians, and to shew that this sin- an inheritance incorruptible, une gle word teaches professed defiled, and reserved for them in Christians their duty to each heaven. Surely the idea that other, in the most forcible and Christians have a common faaffecting nianner
ther, and that the everliving God The relation which subsists stands in the relation of a spiritbetween the children of the ual Father to each one of them, same parents, has been regarded may well endear them to each by the whole human race as nat- other, and unite them in the closurally prompting to the most est bonds. tendor and unshaken friendship. 2. The word Brethren appliMany of the heathens. have felted to Christians should remind and exquisitely described the them that they have a common power and tenderness of this re- interest. The children of earth
ly parents, living under the same tion, increase, and purification of roof, receiving the same educa- churches, in the settlement of tion, looking forward to similar faithful ministers, in the promoemployments and to the same tion of brotherly love, and in the
standing in society, and heirs ap- present hopes and prospects of - parent to the same inheritance, a better day for the church of
feel a comıron interest. Wható God. Nor should they rejoice ever affects one, reaches to evc.
only; they should labor and pray ry member of the family. They and strive carnestly for the con. not only feel this interest in fact, tinuance of favorable prospects, but manifest to all around them, and for the special interposition that they feel it. So Christians of God to save ruined men. How ought to feel with respect to the should they mourn over the pro. great things in wbich they are gress of infidelity, the increase equally interested. They should of vice, the neglect and profanabe wide awake to every event
tion of divine ordinances, the which promises good, or threat- multiplication of sects and hereens evil, to the Church. They sies, the increase of false teache should zealously take hold of ers and blind guides, the delu.' every thing which favors the sion of immortal souls to their great cause of truth and godli- final perdition, and the devices ness; and should cheerfully co
and partial triumphs of Satan. operate in every attempt to pro
Nor should they mourn only mote the common good, espec. they should exert themselves to ially the salvation of their own
counteract evil by all lawful souls and that of the souls of means, and, without interinission mankind generally. As the
or weariness. great interests of Christians are If these observations are true, more important and more ląsting how do they reprove the actual than imaginațion can conceive; conduct of professed Christians, as they reach to heaven, extend
and the actual state of their through the universe, and look hearts and feelings. How en. forward to eternity, how strong gaged and earnest are they, at is the obligation, how imperative least many of them, about the the duty, to keep those interests perishing things of this world, continually in view. How strong the news of the day, the ordina. is the obligation, likewise, to as
ry politics, gain or loss, and fu. sist each other in the attainment ture temporal prospects. Tell of the common object, to advise, them of the conversion of a sinstrengthen, and support each ner, or a revival of religion, and other in the way to the realms some of them are struck dunb; of light. How should they re- others make a few languid ine joice in the conversion of a sin- quiries, and change the subject; gle sinner, in a revival of reli- while few burn with a celestial gion, in the promulgation of the ardor, and appear inflamed with Gospel among the heathen, in love to God, and animated by the translation and circulation of zeal to promote the salvation of the Scriptures, in the formation
I am often amazed when and success of Bible and Mis. I look within myself, and then sionary Societies, in the forma- Cast my eyes upon professed
Christians, around me. Are we and clogged with many infirmiChristians, I exclaim, we, who ties, yet having in them some are so little alive to God, so bur, good thing towards the Lord God dened, oppressed, and sunk into of Israel.* the earth by worldly things? 4. From a similar reference
Let those who are devoted to to the word brethren we are littie sects, to the promotion of taught that Christians should party views, and who appear to unite in defcoding their great take pleasure in division, seri- and common. interests, wherber ously consider and inquire, assailed by open enemies, prewhether they regard all Chris- tended friends, or even those tians as their brethren, whether who stand in the nearest outthey keep the common interest ward relation to them. Memin view, or lose sight of this ele- bers of the same family, unless vated object in a miserable scuf- given over to folly and madness, file for some trifling personal or always unite to preserve the party triumph.
property, the rights, and the rep3. A suitable consideration utation belonging to them in that all true Christians are breth- common. Even if one of the ren should teach them not to family should so far forget him. contend violently about little self as to disobey the reasonable things, nor to make great differ- and lawful commands of his faences out of those which are in ther, and pursue a course which their own nature small. Such a would ruin himself and tend to course would appear extremely ruin the whole family, doubtless unbecoming in members of the all the other members of the same family, with respect to the family would take care of their management of their temporal common interests by protesting concerns. If the heirs to a great against his misconduct, and do estate, standing in the near rela- ing all in their power to secure tion of brethren to each other themselves from the ill effects an estate so limited as to be al- of it. So Christians should not ways held by them in common, fail to bear public and decided so that the interest of one would testimony, even against those always be the interest of both, who prosess to be of their numif such heirs should begin a
ber, if, notwithstanding their fierce contention about some tri professions, they are in fact hogfling appendage of the estate, all tile to our common Christianity. mankind would pronounce them
It will be said, perhaps, that foolish in the extreme. Much Christians are not authorized to more foolish are Christians,when doubt the sincerity of any wbọ they forget the great interests profess the same holy religion; in the pursuit of which they are not because there are not Talse agreed, and spend all their time professors, but because it is imand vigor in magnifying and per. possible for man to distinguish petuating differences which res- them. Is it then to be suppospect doubtful and unimportanted, that men cannot distinguish points. Such Christians there between the friends and the ene. have been in the world; such there are still; misted, indeed,
• 1 Kings xiv, 13.
mies of Christianity, if the latter of kind offices. If, through the only wrap themselves up in a uncertainty of human affairs, one profession? With the Scriptures should become poor and the oth in their hands, and the spirit of er rich, the miseries of poverty Christianity in their hearts, it is will be alleviated by assistance as easy for Christians to distin. afforded by a brother's hand, and guish the enemies of their reli. with a brother's tenderness. The gion, as for members of a family man who should pass by his to distinguish the enemies of brother in poverty, as if he were their common prosperity from a perfect stranger, and should their most approved friends, not even inquire into his brothThe very idea that a religion er's sufferings, would be justly communicated to men for their pronounced hard-hearted and salvation is of so undefined a destitute of natural affection. character, as that its friends can. So Christians should feel tonot be distinguished from its wards each other. They should enemies, is absurd. Let Chris. supply the wants of their fellow tians, then, earnestly seek to un- Christians, both of a temporal derstand the great truths on and spiritual nature. Shall it be which their hopes are built, on
concealed that they too generally which all their great interests fail in this duty? Can it be denidepend, and in which the glory ed, that there are rich professors of the blessed Gospel consists of Christianity, who pass by their to these truths let them adhere, suffering brethren with closed as to the anchor of their safety. hands, careless eyes, and hard These great truths have the hearts? Is it not also true, that most intimate and vital relation many others, who are not utterly to the success and progress of destitute of feeling, are yet much Christianity in the world, not less alive to the wants of their less than to the comfort and sup- fellow Christians than they port of the individual believer. ought to be? Let all professors Let brothers, who are joint heirs of religioh examine themselves to an estate, burn their title in this matter. Let them condeeds, undermine the buildings, sider that all true Christians are pull down the fences, and lay their brethren; and let them ask waste the crops; but let not whether they discharge all the Christians forget, or undervalue duties of which they are remindthe interests which they have ined by this endearing relation. common, and let them beware 6. By the scriptural use of the of all, who, with whatever pre- word brethren Christians are tensions, would deprive them of taught that they should feel a all that is truly valuable. peculiar tenderness towards
5. Children of the same pare each other's reputation. Though ents are usually friendly to each this consideration has been al. other through life. They take luded to already, it is of suffia lively interest in each other's cient inportance to be made a welfare; they befriend each oth- distinct head of inquiry. Chiler in a thousand ways; they as- dren of the same parents, unless sist each other, in short, by ad- monstrously unnatural and de.. vice, and a perpetual interchange praved, never go about defaming