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men who possess an intimate subjects to rule, and would know knowledge of their languages, better the real state of those who show examples in their own subjects. persons, of religion, virtue, con- "The intercourse in general tempt of riches, (such and such held by us with the body of the only ought the Missionaries to natives is slight: interest and be) patience, and conciliatory business is the only spur tomanners. Would the establish- wards this intercourse, and we ment of many such men have no draw our information not from beneficial effect on the morality the fountain-head, but through of the natives? Surely it would. the interpreters and commenta.

“Such was the respect of the na- tors, that interest and business tives for the late Mr. Swartz, that introduce. There is nothing of I am sure any set of natives in the familiarity or sociсty, or tendenTanjore country would gladly cy to social habits between us, have submitted their cause to except with a few principal monhis decisions; I mean, provided ied men. And how should there the cause were reputable.

I be? Without an intimate acmention this to shew how greatly quaintance with the language, character sways the opinion of such society must be irksome. the natives.

“What are we to think of the “If superstitions, inimical to debates at the India House, relathe well-being of mankind, fade tive to Missionaries, as published in proportion as true knowledge by Mr. Woodfall in the year and science advance, of which 1793? In them we perceive one of none can doubt; is it of no bene. the idle wandering stories of Infit to distribute in these coun- dia taken up as a matter of fact, tries, men who can, or even who and argued upon by a Proprietor may advance them to the best as such, in a serious ques. effect? Will the Bramin have, tion in the court. I saw the same degree of power over

a letter from that Proprietor the minds of the people when he to Mr. Swartz, written soon after is met upon his own ground by he saw Mr. Swartz's letter to any European possessing as com- your secretary, above alluded to; plete a knowledge of the Shans. and he apologizes to him; excrit, &c. as he himself does, and cusing himself by asserting, accomplished in scientific knowls that his specch had been eredge? Have the studies of the poneously reported in the news. late Sir William Jones had no papers.

What then are we beneficial effect in a moral view, to think? Can we trust to what on the minds of those natives we see given as the speeches in with whom he held an inter- the India house on the clause course in Bengal?

relative to Missionaries? If we “Government,I am sure, ought can, I fear that upon examina. to promote, instead of opposing, tion we should find some of the the establishment of Missiopa- speakers had been at as little ries such as I have described; pains to obtain correct intellifor through then ultimately, gence of the situation of the government will have better Protestant converts, as one Pro

prietor was regarding the story ticular part near the vertebræ of of the stock-buckle.

the neck, and offered it to the “I perfectly agree with most idol. The affair was fully exof the speakers in that debate, amined and proved, and the punthat Missionaries should not be įshment decreed was banishment sent out at the expense of the beyond the Coleroons; the exiles Company. It seems to me clear, accordingly went beyond that ly that the speakers were ex- river, and returned again in two tremely afraid of Mr. Wilber- or three days! force's clauses of the bill charg- “Turn from the enlightened ing them with a great and per. and polished Bramin to the wild manent expense; and that under Collery, particularly to the Colthe impression of this fear they leries of the Mellore, near Mahad brought forward hastily are dura. I have been much among guments that are frivolous, and them, and know their disposiprinciples that could not bear tions well: the civilization of the test of fair reasoning and ex- these appears hopeless; but I perience. And not one Propri. know that they would gladly reetor was found, who could offer ceive among them native schoolany thing in favor of the princi- masters to teach their children ple of establishing Missiona- to read and write. This surely ries, derived from his own ex- should be put in practice. To perience and personal knowl- this probably it may be objected, edge.

the country belongs to the Na“No Proprietor of that court, bob, and we must not interfere. who has been in India, will be a However, the Nabob would, I'll very strenuous advocate, I pre- answer for it, gladly adopt so sume, for upholding a religion beneficial a system. which annually causes excessiye "It will hardly be believed, tumult,and much blood-shed and but it is not the less true, that murder. Let any one of them within these two years there was recollect what annually passes a disturbance in the Nabob's between the immense multi- district of Worriapalam; some tudes of the right-hand and left- hundreds of his highness's rabhand casts, as they are called. ble, under the name of troops, Such outrages are exhibited ev. having assembled separately ery year in Madras itself, in from a party of the Company's spite of the inilitary drawn out troops, who were to assist in reto oppose it. What state of so- ducing the district, marched into ciety, let me ask, is this? Can it the different villages, which were be called civilization; or does it all abandoned, except by a few partake of the private war of the miserable weavers who remainbarbarous and feudal ages? ed in their houses. The enemy

“What are we to think of hus against whom these military opman sacrifices? A few years erations pointed, were poligars; since, the Bramins of a certain but they had neither plundered pagoda in the Tanjore country, nor set fire to the Nabob's vilmurdered for sacrifice a boy lages; the Nabob's commander, of eleven years of age. Having however, did both; and I have killed him, they took out a par- scen part of that commander's journal, in which he enumerates the Hindoos as needing no the persons hanged by him daily; change. and the men so hanged were not belonging to the enemy, but Extract from the Report for the peaceable merchants and weave Year 1800. ers left here and there in the The following affecting acvillages. The journal sums up count of the funeral of the venthe daily items of death in one erable Missionary Swartz, forcolumn, like so many shillings, cibly displays the influence of and at the bottom exhibits a total such men on the minds of the of thirty-two persons hanged in natives. about fourteen days!

“His funeral was a most awful and “Independent of the comman- very affecting siglit. It was delayed a der's own testimony, I know the little longer above the limited lime, truth of the matter from respect to have a look at him. The afliction

as Serfogee Rajaht wished once more able British officers, who were

which he suffered at the loss of the on the detachment, and whom I best of his friends, was very affecting: saw immediately after the ser- He shed a flood of tears over the vice ended.

body, and covered it with a gold “The state of the country, and cloth. We intended to sing a funeral of the minds of the people in hymn, whilst the body was conveyed which these scenes were acted, from it by the bitter cries and lamen

to the chapel; but we were prevented is truly deplorable. Shall we

tations of the multitudes of poor who excuse ourselves, and say, this had crowded into the garden, and is the Nabob's country? We which pierced through our souls. We ought to hope for some end to were of course obliged to defer it till

our arrival at the chapel. such a state of the human mind in these countries. Let us ask, by the Rev. Mr. Gericke, in the

“The burial-service was performed what exertions have been made

presence of the Rajah, the Resident, during the last thirty years to and most of the gentlemen who repromote civilization; and let sided in the place, and a great numthose who can, give the answer.

ber of native Christians, full of regret "I am afraid we have never

for the loss of so excellent a minister,

the best of men, and a most worthy said to ourselves, Let us shew

member of society. O may a merci. what these people will be twenty, ful God grant, that all those who are or ten years hence. Such a ques. appointed to preach the Gospel to tion ought to be asked at this the beathen world, may follow the moment, for aduitional millions example of this venerable servant of

Christ: And may he send many such of subjects have, by the late

faithful laborers, to answer the pious conquest, fallen under our do.

intention and endeavors of the honor. minion or control."

able Society, for the enlargement of Though the name of the wri. the kingdom of Christ! May be mere ter of this letter is not given by cifully grant it, for the sake of our the Society, yet it contains iti- Lord Jesus Christ, Amen." trinsic proof of its having been written by no mean man. “But if Extract from the Report for the

Year 1801. his representations, and those of Mr. Swarız, be true, what must

"I beg leave," says the missionary

Gericke, '910 send a letter from Serfo: we think of those statements which hold up the character of

The king of Tanjore.



gee Maha, Rajah of Tanjore, and to testimony to the high character recommend its contents to the Soci• . of the late worthy and invaluaety. No son can have a greater re: gard for his father, than this good it will be proper to comply with

ble Missionary Mr. Swartz: that Hindoo had for Mr. Swartz, and still bas for his memory.

the request of his Highness; and This letter is as follows:

that steps be taken by the Com

mittee to have a suitable monu“To the Honorable Society

ment constructed, as FOR PROMOTING CHRISTIAN

may be, and that the same be KNOWLEDGE.

sent out to Tanjore, to be placed “Honorable Sirs,

in the Mission church there." “I have requested of your The monument was accordMissionaries to write to you, ingly prepared by Mr. Bacon, their superiors and friends, and and is now erected in the church to apply to you in my name, for a at Tanjorema lasting evidence monument of marble to be erect- of the duty and policy of bringed in their church, that is in my ing into action, on the native capital and residency, to perpel. mind, the powerful influence of uate the memory of the late Rev. the Gospel of Christ, when adFather Swartz, and to manifest ministered by holy men. the great esteem I have for the character of that great and good Extracts from the Report for the man, and the gratitude I owe

Year 1803. him, my father, my friend, the “The Rev. Mr. Gericke, in a protector and guardian of my a letter dated at Vepery, 14 Feb. youth; and now I beg leave to 1803, informs the Society that he apply to you myself, and to beg had recently been through the that, 'upon my account, you will Mysore country, and thence to order such a monument for the Palamcotta, visiting all their late Reverend Missionary Father congregations, and that it had Swartz to be made, and to be pleased God to awakea a sense sent out to me, that it may be of religion in the inhabitants of fixed to the pillar, that is next to whole villages, insomuch that of the pulpit from which he preach- their own accord they had sought ed. The pillars or the church instruction from the neighborare about two cubits broad. ing Christians, and their cate“May you, Honorable Sirs, ev- chists, and from Sattianaden, and

, er be enabled to send to this had wished anxiously for his country such Missionaries, as coming, to be farther instructed, are like

the late Rev. Mr. and baptised. The first of these Swartz.

villages, to which he had been “I am, Honorable Sirs, yours called, was newly built by cate. faithfully and truly,

chumens, who had before lived SERFOGEE RAJAH." in neighboring places, and their Tanjore, May 28, 1801.

church was finished, when he “The Society concurred in 0- arrived to preach, and baptise in pinion with the East-India Mis. it. In four other villages, tho sion Committee, that the con- inhabitants being unanimous in tents of this letter from the Ra- their resolution of embracing jah of Tanjore do bear strong thc Christian faith, put away

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their idols, ard converted their teachers were good men; and temples into Christian churches, Missionaries, without the spirit and were instructed and baptised and mind of Christ, and as full in them. For another new vil of the world as the natives aie, lage, and church for catechu- would soon make the Mission mens, that lived dispersed, he the most graceless thing imaghad bought a piece of ground, inable." and instructed and baprised in “They express an anxiety for it, under a temporary shade. On the receipt of printing paper, as his departure from the Tinna- their press was constantly envelly country, where this had gaged in working off book's, for happened, messages were the use of the Malabar Chris. ceived from many villages, re- tians, and lately for the new con. questing him to stay a few gregations, which in great nummonths longer, and to do in bers had recently been baptised their villages, what had been by Mr. Gericke, many of whom, done in others. Not conceiving not having yet been able to get himself at liberty to do so, he books enough for their instrucbad recommended them to Sat- tion, had written the catechism tianaden, to the old catechists, and prayers on palmyra leaves, and to the new assistants. By which they had rehearsed to Mr. these means, there had been in- Gericke, in a manner beyond his structed, and baptised, about expectation. twice the number that he had (Their hearts had been filled baptised, which were above 1300.” with praise to God, for the pro

“It seems," Mr. G. observes, gress which the Gospel of Christ Sthat if we had faithful and dis- had lately made amongst the creet laborers, for the vineyard Heathens; and they considered it of the Protestant Mission on this as an extraordinary Providence, coast, to send, wherever a door tending to the furtherance of is opened unto us, rapid would Christian Knowledge, that the be the progress of the Gospel. country was under a Christian Our native teachers, though government, which they trusted some of them may not be inferior would lend its benevolent and to us, in the knowledge of the protecting hand to lessen the great truths of the Gospel, and perils, that had attended the re-, in the manner of communicat- ception of Christianity, and to ing them, still their discourses encourage its introduction. carry not that weight with them, Hence, the natives would learn that is felt when we speak to the how to fear God, to honor the natives. They never gain that king, to obey the laws, and to confidence that is placed in an become industrious and faithful European, when they are once subjects, as well as to reject convinced that he is actually their foolish and often most cruel what he exhorts them to be superstitions. Of the latter, they Without good Missionaries, true had had, within the last year, a disciples of Jesus Christ, from striking instance, when two wohome, the work of the Mission, men were suffered to be burnt it seems, would lose its respecé alive, with the corpse of the late tability, even though the native Rajah Amersing, a circumstance

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