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Zelotes, and Judas the brother of James, and Judas Iscariot, which also was the traitor.

And he came down with them, and stood in the plain, and the company of his disciples, and a great multitude of people out of all Judea and Jerusalem, and from the sea coast of Tyre and Sidon, which came to hear him, and to be healed of their diseases; and they that were vexed with unclean spirits : and they were healed. And the whole multitude sought to touch him : for there went virtue out of him, and healed them all.

36. The Sermon on the Mount,


AND seeing the multitudes, he Place.

Mount in went up into a mountain ; and when

Galilee. he was set, his disciples came unto him : and he opened his mouth, and taught them, saying, “ “ Blessed are the poor in spirit : “ for their's is the kingdom of heaven. Blessed “ are they that mourn:o for they shall be com“ forted. Blessed are the meek: for they shall ” inherit the earth. Blessed are they which do

hunger and thirst" after righteousness : for “ they shall be filled. Blessed are the merciful: “ for they shall obtain mercy. Blessed are the “pure in heart: for they shall see God. Bles“ sed are the peacemakers: for they shall be “ called the children of God. Blessed are they


· The primitive christians made their children commit this sermon lo memory.

b The humble minded.
c That mourn for their sins.
* Earnestly desire.


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$. which are persecuted for righteousness' sake:* “ for their’s is the kingdom of heaven. Bless sed are ye, when men shall revile you, and “ persecute you, and shall say all manner of so evil against you falsely, for my

sake. Rejoice ye in that day; and leap for joy : for, behold,

your reward is great in heaven: for in the like “ manner did their fathers unto the prophets. s. But woe unto you that are rich! for ye have s received your consolation.

Woe unto you “ that are full ! for ye shall hunger. Woe unto

you that laugh now! for ye shall mourn and weep, Woe unto you, when all men shall

speak well of you ! for so did their fathers to 5 the false prophets."

Ye are the salt of the earth : ' but if the salt $ have lost his savour, wherewith shall it be “ salted ? it is thenceforth good for nothing, “ but to be cast out, and to be trodden under 66 foot of men. Ye are the light of the world. “ A city that is set on an hill, cannot be hid. “ Neither do men light a candle, and " under a bushel, but on a candlestick; and it

giveth light unto all that are in the house. Let your light so shine before men, that they 6 may see your good works, and glorify your $6 Father which is in heaven.






For the sake of Christ and his religion.
b Because of your base compliance with the world.
• lo preserve it from corrupt principles and practices.

In that country rock salt lies level with the ground, and to such an extent that long roads are made over it; but it is remarkable, that when the surface is broken by digging, the parts exposed to the weather are found to lose their savour, and become unfit for use,


“ Think not that I am come to destroy the “ law, or the prophets: I am not come to deso stroy, but to fulfil. For verily I say unto

you, Till heaven and earth pass, one jot or “ one tittle shall in no wise pass from the law, 66 till all be fulfilled. Whosoever therefore shall " break one of these least commandments, and " shall teach men so, he shall be called the “ least in the kingdom of heaven: but whoso“ ever shall do and teach them, the same shall “ be called great in the kingdom of heaven. “ For I say unto you, that except your righte“ ousness shall exceed the righteousness of the “ Scribes and Pharisees, ye shall in no case.en“ ter into the kingdom of heaven.

“ Ye have heard that it was said by them of “ old time, Thou shalt not kill ; and whosoever « shall kill shall be in danger of the judgment; “ But I say unto you, That whosoever is angry 66 with his brother without a cause, shall be in

danger of the judgment; and whosoever shall

say to his brother, Raca, shall be in danger of “ the council: but whosoever shall say, Thou “ fool, shall be in danger of hell fire, There'" fore if thou bring thy gift to the altar, and “ there rememberest that thy brother hath

ought against thee ; leave there thy gift be“ fore the altar, and go thy way ; first be re“ conciled to thy brother, and then come and

* To fill up, to give a more complete system of morals, • Exod. 20. 13.

Raca is a term of contempt, signifying an empty, sepseless wretch. Fool, in scripture language, signifies a wicked, impious person.

The terms judgment, council, and hell fire, or valley of Hinnom, are images taken from Jewish courts of justice, to represent the different degrees of future punishment.



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« offer thy gift. Agree with thine adversary ss quickly, whiles thou art in the way with him; “ lest at any time the adversary deliver thee to so the judge, and the judge deliver thee to the “ officer, and thou be cast into prison. Verily I

say unto thee, Thou shalt by no means come so out thence, till thou hast paid the uttermost “ farthing

“ Ye have heard that it was said by them of so old time, Thou shalt not commit adultery : “ but I say unto you, That whosoever looketh

on a woman to lust after her, hath committed “ adultery with her already in his heart. And “

if thy right eye offend thee, pluck it out, and $ cast it from thee : for it is profitable for thee şs that one of thy members should perish, and “ not that thy whole body should be cast into “ hell. And if thy right hand offend thee, cut “ it off, and cast it from thee : for it is profitso able for thee that one of thy members should

perish, and not that thy whole body should 6 be cast into hell. It hath been said, "Whosos ever shall put away his wife, let him give her “ a writing of divorcement : but I say unto you,

That whosoever shall put away his wife, “ saving for the cause of fornication, causeth 5 her to commit adultery: and whosoever shall marry her that is divorced, committeth adul.



“ tery.

Again, ye have heard that it hath been so said by them of old time, Thou shalt not for“swear thyself, but shalt perform unto the

a Exod. 20. 14.

b If it cause thee to sin. . By the right hand, and right eye, are meant men's favous Deut. 24. 1.

e Exod. 20. 7.-- Levit. 19. 12.

rite sins.

66 Lord thine oaths ; but I say unto you, Swear “ not at all; neither by heaven ; for it is God's “ throne: nor by the earth ; for it is his foot“ stool: neither by Jerusalem ; for it is the city “ of the great king. Neither shalt thou swear “ by thy head, because thou canst not make " one hair white or black. But let your com“ munication be, Yea, yea ; Nay, nay : for 66 whatsoever is more than these cometh of

66 evil.

“ Ye have heard that it hath been said, An eye for an eye, and a tooth for a tooth : but I

say unto you, That ye resist not evil : but who“ soever shall smite thee on thy right cheek, turn “ to him the other also. And if any man will “ sue thee at the law, and take away thy coat “ let him have thy cloke also. And whosoever “ shall compel thee to go a mile, go with him 6 twain. Give to him that asketh thee, and “ from him that would borrow of thee turn not 6 thou away.

66 Ye have heard that it hath been said, ' Thou u shalt love thy neighbour, and hate thine enemy: but I say unto


Love your enemies, “ bless them that curse you, do good to them " that hate you,


for them which de“spightfully use you, and persecute you ; that ye inay be the children of your Father which is

in heaven: for he maketh his sun to rise on 6 the evil and on the good, and sendeth rain on " the just and on the unjust. For if ye love " them which love you, what thank have ye? a Without oaths and profane swearing. b. Exod. 21. 24.--Levit. 24. 20.-Deut. 19. 21.

c Shew an affable demeanor and humble temper on all occasions

Lev. 19. 18.-Psalm. 41. 10.



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