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THE COMMITTEE ON DOCKYARD ECONOMY | his, which did not form a part of the patent of salutary effect, both in the industrial as well as in tho AND EFFICIENCY.

Louis, filed the present bill to restrain the alleged political world. Personally, I will do everything in H.M. Dockyard, Portsmouth, 8th Aug., 1859. infringement of his patent. It appeared that the my power to promote so noble and excellent a cause.” SIRS,—Courtesy always permits a reply to a per- plaintiff's invention had been extensively used at A drinking fountain or two, for the splendid and sonal attack. The undue prominence you have given Balaklava, and by Miss Nightingale during her extensive pleasure grounds for the people at Kew, is tomy name with reference to the Report of the Com- attendance on the sick.

now, from the very great numbers flocking to them, mittee on Dockyard Economy and Efficiency, re. Mr. Glasse and Mr. Bristowe appeared in supplied, a delicious glass of pure spring water may be

very much required : till such a needful want is supquires that I should address you to disclaim that port of the motion. Mr. Baily and Mr. Cadman had (gratis), we are requested to state, by all visitors, prominence, and to say that you have formed a very Jones, for the defendant, were not called upon, of the official attendant in livery in charge of tho false estimate of the part taken by the other The Vice-Chancellor observing that, as

it lower room of the new museum, opposite the palm members of the Committee.

might turn out and must be assumed that the house in the botanic gardens. The Report may with much more justice be said plaintiff's patent might be invalid, unless there

Mr. Hearder, the well-known electrician and engito be based on the experience of Admiral Smart as Superintendent of Pembroke Yard-on the great ought not to grant an injunction. The motion Mr. Chick, I have pleasure in explaining to him the was a user and enjoyment for a long time, he neer, favours us with the following :-“Gentlemen,

In compliance with the wish of your correspondent, and varied knowledge possessed by Mr. Laws re- must stand over, with liberty to the plaintiff to specting all branches of the Dockyards, obtained bring such action as he might be advised, an

cause of the result described by him in connection

with his induction coil in your issue of July 29th, while serving as clerk in the Master Shipwright's account being meantime kept.

which to him appears so novel and curious. It Office, as Superintendent's Secretary, Store Re

simply indicates that his battery had not surface or ceiver and Storekeeper-and on Mr. Bowman's

rather quantity enough to fill, if I may use the exknowledge and experience of the mode of conduct.

Our Weekly Gossip. pression, his thick No. 10$ primary coil. He will ing work in private shipbuilding and other esta

obtain still more exalted effects by making the blishments, in addition to the information obtained The Atlantic Telegraph Company have issued the number of plares in his second series equal to those of while serving on the Committee.

following invitation :—"All persons having any speci- the first, which is equivalent to doubling the surface To your insinuations against my own character,

mens or plans of submarine cables calculated for lay. of each plate. Your correspondent does not say I conld easily reply, but knowing that your Editoring across the Atlantic are hereby invited to send the whether his graphite battery is a nitric acid one,

or Mr. Reed, wło writes the ship-building articles any description they may desire to append to them,

whether it is simply excited by sulphuric acid without same to the Secretary of this Company, together with

a diaphgram, after the manner of Smee's. If the in connexion with your journal, was a dockyard as soon as possible, in order to their being immediately former, he will find that if he employs his series of 12 apprentice, and was educated within the

last few submitted to the officers of the Company, and by them in a double set of six, or perhaps even better, in a years at the late Central Mathematical School under to the consulting committee, for the purpose of triple set of four, he will get still finer effects. Twelve the system disapproved of in the Report, and his examination, testing, and experiment.”

in series give him more intensity than his coil wants. schoolfellows being employed in the Surveyor's office Arrangements for the meeting of the British Asso-Hoping that this will meet the wishes of your corand in the Dockyards, I do not consider it neces- ciation for the Advancement of Science at Aberdeen respondent, I am, &c., J. N. HEARDER. Plymouth, sary to do so, more especially as I feel that while Wednesday the 14th of September for the delivery of are proceeding. The Prince Consort has fixed on Aug. 6, 1859.”

Some Sheffield correspondents send us the follow. your attempt to filch from us such good names as we may have will do your journal no good, it is Luis inaugural address. The following Vice-Presidents ing :-“ It is a allowed by all parties that the defences have been chosen :-The Duke of Richmond, the

of this country against foreign aggression are in a not likely to do us or our Report much harm. Earl of Aberdeen, the Lord Provost of Aberdeen, Sir

very unsatisfactory and undesirable state. But we I am, Sirs, yours obediently, John F. W. Herschel, Sir David Brewster, Sir R. I.

think they may be put in a more safe one at a comANDREW MURRAY. Murchison, the Rev. W. V. Harcourt, the Rev. Dr. paratively small cost. We have to propose that a To Messrs. Brooman & Reed, Joint Editors.

Robinson, and A. Thomas Esq.; Major-Gen. Sabine sufficient number of iron vessels made shot and firewill act as General Secretary, and Prof. Phillips as

proof rams, built to strike the enemy's vessel under Assistant General Secretary; the General Treasurer

the water line, and to be built as low as possible above Law Case. will be John Taylor, Esq., and the Secretaries for

the water line, so as to be lower than the enemy's fire, the meeting at Aberdeen, Profs. James Nicol and

to be of the greatest speed. These vessels to be (Before Vice-Chancellor Sir R. T. Kindersley.)

Frederick Fuller, and Mr. John F. White. Messrs. armed with powerful fire-engines to throw liquid

John Argus and Newell Burnett will act as Local inflammables (such as coal, naptha, turpentine, mixed

with coal, tar, and phosphorus, &c.) into and upon Sir William G. Armstrong has been good enough through small port-holes. By this means, in less time

the enemy, which may be done in hundreds of jets

our last number This was a motion for an injunction to restrain to confirm the doubt expressed the infringement of a patent for solidifying and respecting the canard, or as he calls it, the “ wila might be enveloped in one entire sheet of fame. preserving milk, under these circumstances : It ihe wonderful shot that brought down a wild goose rivers and harbours. We think they would deter an

goose story" of a contemporary. Hesays,“Whomade These fire-ships to be stationed at the entrance of appeared that the plaintiff, Thomas Shipp Grim. at six miles and seven furlongs? This is a question enemy from attempting to enter, as we think they wade, took out a patent in 1855 for preserving that meets me everywhere, and disagreeable though could not escape destruction either from the ram or and solidifying milk, which was effected by the it be to spoil a marvellous story, I am obliged to answer

the inflammables. If these fire-ships were generally following process :- The milk, being mixed with -Nobody. A wild goose certainly was shot by a

made use of, it would be more than useless to build certain proportions of alkali and sugar, was then shell from one of my guns at a distance somewhat any more wooden ships of war; it would be a complete evaporated by being placed in a square tin tank short of half a mile ; and, although half a mile is not

waste of money, time, labour, and materials." with a chamber beneath, containing hot water,

to be regarded as the limit of safe distance for a goose
to stand at, yet I am bound to say that six miles and

The most recent improvements in arms have been and constantly agitated by means of a crank and quadrant beneath, until the mass became of the reached with the long-bow.” Honours and emoluments is furnished is known in England

as the rival of tho seven furlongs is a range which as yet has only been adopted, says the Times correspondent, by the Prussian

Government. The needle gun with which the army consistence of dough. This dough was then dried have made Sir William jocular-on the principle, we into hard cakes, which were again crushed between presume, that he may laugh who wins.

Enfield, and many consider that it is less liable to get powerful granite rollers and bottled, the bottles In consequence of the continued favourable reports yet had a sufficient trial to enable a final judgment to

out of order. The merits of the two systems have not being closely stopped. It was then fit for use. from the Captains and Commanders of ships whose be formed. The artillery already possesses 72 rifled The defendant, Valentine Bernard Fadeuilhe, was boats are fitted with Captain Kynaston's life-hooks, the assignee of a patent taken out in 1848 by the Admiralty have given directions to the several 12-pounders of remarkable lightness. They are of Felix Hiacynthe Folliett Louis, whose process was Dockyards, says the United Service Gazette, that they which have been made the guns were found uninjured of this kind :-Sugar and alkali being mixed with making application for them, without reference to the

are, for the furture, to be supplied to any Captain after firing 2,000 rounds. Their manufacture is being milk or with curd turned in the ordinary mode by Admiralty. Captain Hillyar, of the Cadmus, has pushed on with vigour, and they are turned out at runnet, it was placed in circular pans with false reported that during the voyage to Malta the boats had there shall be in each field battery a proportion of

is bottoms, communicating with three upright been lowered under every variety of wind and weather unrifled 12-pounders, as the new guns have not been hollow standards, and a reservoir at the bottom, with perfect success. There is one very important found a lapted for firing grape. "They have no such into which, by means of a valve, steam was intro- feature in connection with this invention, which is the destructive missile as the Armstrong shell is described duced, and the liquid in each pan while evaporat. facility for applying the hooks to boats fitted on the old to be. This is the practical way in which Prussia is ing was kept in agitation by means of a spindle plan, in the course of a few minutes. They require no imitating the example of disarmament. passing through the centre of each with Auid-tight cumbrous machinery or windlass, and can be trans.

ferred from one boat toanother without interfering with collars, to which spindle in each pan a rake was tackles or slings, while the cost of them is a mere

NOTICES. attached, the spindle being turned by a handle trifle. acting laterally upon a toothed wheel at the top

Mons. Barbedienne, of Paris, so well known for his The MECHANICS' MAgazine will be sent free by post to of the spindle. The milk thus evaporated was bronzes d'art, and who received the highest medals

all subscribers of £1 Is. Sd., annually, payable in advance. formed into cakes, and the defendant, after a time, for his works, both in 1851 and 1855, says, in writing Post office Orders to be made payable to R. A. Brooman, at

the Post Office, Fleet Street, London, E.C. grated these cakes into powder and bottled it. to his correspondent in London, under the date of This was in 1853, but subsequently to the date July 31st:- Now that peace appears to become more

TO ADVERTISERS, of the plaintiff's patent he admitted that he had | firm every day, will it not be possible to return to

All Advertisements occupying less than half-a-column dried the mass, but in ignorance of the fact that your project for the exhibition of 1861? It appears this method formed a part of the plaintiff's inven-rely with confidence on the interests of nations, and

are charged at the rate of 5d. per line for any number of to us that it is the duty of commerce and industry to

insertions less than 13; for 13 'insertions, 4d. per line ; and lion. The plaintiff, having discovered that the

or 52 insertions, 3d. per line. to discard all foolish and transient causes of antadefendant was manufacturing and selling the gonism and strife. In the actual state of things, a two. Wood-cuts are charged at the same rate as type for

Each line consists of 10 words, the first le counting as article in bottles, drying it by a process similar to | Great Exhibition in London would have a double the space occupied.





and on which are mounted a number of gill teeth, the 2919. W. MAINWARING. “ Improvements in Patents for Inventions.

upper and lower teeth of which intersect each other. brakes for common road vehicles.” Dated Dec. 21, These endless chains are stretched between two pairs | 1858.

This relates to brakes for two-wheeled vehicles to ABRIDGED SPECIFICATIONS OF PATENTS. of drawing rolls and work upon pullies at each end.

The machine is so arranged that the gill teeth travel relieve the horses attached thereto when going down Tue abridged Specifications of Patents given below are

a little faster than the periphery of the first pair of hill. On the axletree is attached a rigid pendant arm classified, according to the subjects to which the respective drawing rolls, and the second pair of drawing rolls or arms the lower part of which supports the fulcrum inventions refer, in the following table. By the system of are driven a little faster than the gill teeth, so that of a long lever the fore-end of which carries a skid or classification adopted, the numerical and chronological there may always be a drawing action on the fibres brake surface which when lowered rubs against the order of the specifications is preserved, and combined with during their passage through the machine. Patent ground; this end of the lever projects forward in front all the advantages of a division into classes. It should be completed.

of the wheels while the back and free end by which understood that these abridgements are prepared exclusively for this Magazine from official copies supplied by the

2011. A. V. Newton. “An improvement in lan- the brake is actuated projects behind the cart, &c, 80 Government, and are therefore the property of the proprie- terns.” (A communication.) Dated Dec. 20, 1858. that the driver may readily apply it. This end of the tors of this Magazine. Other papers are hereby warned not The object here is to obtain by simple means a lever is furnished with an arc and stop pin by which to to produce them without acknowledgement :

combination of reflecting surfaces with or without a fix the lever in the different positions desired. Patent STEAM ENGINES, &c., 2952, 2962.

lens that will project the rays of light from a lamp into abandoned. BOILERS AND THEIR FURNACES, 2922, 2955, 2962.

space in a concentrated form, and in parallel lines. The 2920. R. CLEGG, F. ANGERSTEIN, and G. FERRs, ROADS AND VEHICLES, including railway plant and car

invention consists mainly in the employment of a "Improved mechanism for imparting reciprocating ringes, saddlery and harness, &c., 2919, 2945, 2950, 2963, peculiar arrangement of conical and convex reflector, motion to machinery, and more especially pumps." 2970.

which form a chamber for the reception of the lamp, Dated Dec. 22, 1858. SHIPS AND Boats, including their fittings, 2908, 2914, 2928. and also effects the object above alluded to. Patent The inventors propose to so construct a cam, as CULTIVATION OF THE Soil, including agricultural and hor- abandoned.

that about three-fourths of its entire revolution shall ticultural implements and machines, 2925, 2964, 2977. 2912. F. WINTER.“ Improvements in the pre- be effectively employed for lifting, and the other FOOD AND BEVERAGES, including apparatus for preparing paration and application of varnishes for waterproof fourth for the descent of the bucket; or instead of Fibrous Fabrics, including machinery for treating fibres, ing paper, linen, and textile fabrics, and coating the lifting and descending only once during each revolupulp, paper, &c., 2910, 2012, 2910, 2017, 2923, 2932, 2933,

same with metallic foils.” Dated Dec. 21, 1858. tion of the said cam, the same may be made to lift 2934, 2941, 2942, 2945, 2946, 2969, 2972, 2974, 2976.

This varnish may be composed of shell-lac, benzoin, end descend twice in each entire revolution thereof, BUILDINGS AND BUILDING MATERIALS, including sewers, and Venice turpentine dissolved in spirits of wine and or more times if desired according to the size of the drain-pipes, brick and tile machines, &c., 2924.

wood naphtha. Other combinations are included. Patent completed. LIGHTING, HEATING, AND VENTILATING, 2911, 2949, 2935, Patent abandoned.

2921. R. MUSIET. “An improvement or improve. 2960, 2975. FURNITURE AND APPAREL, including household utensils,

2013. R. M. LIVINGSTON. “An improved self-ments in the manufacture of cast steel.” Dated Dec. time-keepers, jewellery, musical instruments, &c., 2927, detaching safety hook or coupling.” Dated Dec. 21, 22, 1838. 2931, 2954, 2965, 2971. 1858.

This consists in manufacturing cast-steel by melting METALs, including apparatus for their manufacture, 2921, Instantly on the suspended boat or other weight together, or combining when melted, the following

coming into contact with water or otherwise, and the materials, that is to say, broken or crusted or granu. CHEMISTRY AND PHOTOGRAPHY, 2961.

small chain being disengaged from one of the lever lated cast-iron, whether cast-iron, whether pig.iron, ELECTRICAL APPARATUS, 2937.

ends, their weighted ends will cause the lower or or refined metal, deoxydized iron ore or oxide of iron, WARFARE, 2938. hooked ends to open. Patent abandoned.

and a metallic compound consisting of or containing LETTER PRESS PRINTING &c. None.

2914. W. E. DANDO. “Improvements in appa- iron carbon and manganese. The said materials are MISCELLANEOUS, 2907, 2909, 2912, 2913, 2916, 2018, 2920, ratus for lowering boats from ships or vessels, and melted in melting pots or crucibles heated in furnaces

2926, 2929, 2930, 2936, 2937, 2939, 2943, 2944, 2947, 2951, also for raising the same as required.” Dated Dec. of the kind ordinarily employed for melting steel. 2952, 2953, 2956, 2957, 2958, 2959, 2966, 2967, 296, 2973. 21, 1858.

Patent completed.

This invention is not described apart from the 2922. G. SHARP and W. ELDER. “Improvements 2907. T. S. WOODCOCK. “An improved index or drawings. Patent completed.

in furnaces and steam-boilers.” Dated Dec. 22, 1858. book and paper marker." (A communication.) 2915. J.H. Bouton and C. GARFORTH. “ Certain

The inventors supply fuel to the furnace at the Dated Dec. 20, 1858.

improvements in drying yarns or fabrics, and in the speed and time required by a screw placed outside Here the clasp is of any convenient size, and made apparatus connected therewith.” Dated Dec. 21, a hollow barrel or cylinder through the interior of of one piece of metal with the angle between its 1858.

which the necessary air passes to the furnace. The points for receiving the leaf while the clasp is applied The sizeing vat or vessel is furnished with a series of air enters through a nozzle or other suitable arrangein a vertical position or nearly so, and opening to rollers, so arranged that the yarn or fabric may pass ment, and the fuel through a hole or other contri, receive the leaf as it is pressed against its edge, and over a sufficient number of them, and remain in the vance. Upon the exterior of the barrel are placed firmly grasping the leaf. Patent completed.

size until saturated. It then passes out of the vat feathers or arms for spreading the coal and forcing 2908. S. HUNTER. "Improvements in the con- between a pair of squeezing or pressing rollers, and the air into the interior of the furnace. Patent struction of anchors." Dated Dec. 20, 1858.

becomes partially dried; it is then again passed abandoned. This relates to the arms and palms of anchors, and through the size, and finally between pressing and 2923. J. NICHOLSON and D. CROSSLEY. “ Improveconsists in enclosing the palm at the end of the 'arm, delivery rollers into a chamber containing near its ments in jacquard machinery or apparatus employed and making the arm open up to the point of junction base a number of vertical arched or bont plates in weaving.” Dated Dec. 22, 1858. with the shank, for which purpose the arm is divided arranged in pairs and forming chambers, and having into two parts, whereby the earth in front of the palm a series of rollers, so arranged that the yarn or fabric double

, triple, and two-faced or reversible cloths

The object here is the weaving of all kinds of or fluke is not crushed or divided by the arm during may first pass under or between

or in the interior of plain or twilled, by hand or power without the use of the dragging of the anchor, but passes through the these arched plates or chambers to be partially dried, heddles, gear, moreable harness boards, or having to arm and over the upper edge of the palm in a com- and thence along the outside of the plates and over stamp the ground on the pattern cards, by jacquard paratively compact and solid state, thereby greatly rollers at the top of the outer vertical chamber or machinery or apparatus so constructed and arranged increasing the hold of the anchor by creating a more room in which all are enclosed where the drying is that it can be operated by a single treadle on the perfect downward pressure. Patent completed. completed; the yarn passes out of this chamber treading tappet of the loom. The inventors employ

2909. R. MacLEHOUSE. “Improvements in stereo- in a dry and finished state, such chamber plates being lifting bars which receive reciprocating motion from scopes.” Dated Dec. 20, 1858. heated by steam. Patent abandoned.

the treadle or treading tappet by a lever and cona This apparatus is in the form of a deep rectangular 2916. A. S. BELIARD. An improved machine for necting rod, also a series of grifos or lifting boards box fitted at one end near the top with the usual pumicing felts, tissues, and skins." Dated Dec. 21, with knotted tabby bands for working both the figure stereoscopic glasses. In the line of sight and between 1858.

and the ground, which are raised by hooked rods the glasses and the extreme back of the box or case, Here the felt is submitted to what may be called a hinged so as to be capable of connecting the boards there is placed an open drum or roller having four

or grinding operation by a small mill or grindstone of with the lifting bars at the proper time required, and other convenient number of sides. This open drum pumice stone, which is caused to revolve by mechani- which is indicated

by cams suitably arranged on a is arranged to work upon a horizontal spindle to cal means, and is pressed

by hand upon other felt. shaft or shafts which receive intermittent motion which is attached a projecting handle for turning it Patent completed.

from the motion of the lifting bars. The pattern by. Behind this drum and in the end of the case 2917. W. S. YATES. “Machinery or apparatus for cylinders receive intermittent motion from the there is a hinged door folding downwards, and fitted dragging bristles and drawing hair and vegetable lifting apparatus at the first, second, with a mirror for throwing light into the interior of fibre." Dated Dec. 21, 1858.

the machine, according to the kind of cloths required the case. The pictures are disposed in the chain form The inventor employs gill combs and presses over the drum, and so arranged that one end of the between which the bristles, hair, or fibre is placed turned without moving the loom. Patent abandoned


to be made, and it is so arranged that it may be chain can fall down into the bottom of the case at the and held to be operated on; and nippers or jaws 2924. M. Renner." Improvements in bridges." front, and the other at the back portion of the case. capable of closing and opening by the action of Dated Dec. 22, 1858. pictures are successively drawn up from the back vancing or reciprocating motion given thereto, so as rolling bridges, which are substituted for swing or

This relates to bridges usually designated sliding or section of the bottom of the case, passed over the faces of the drum on the vertical side of which for the bristles, hair, or fibre and draw them out from the rolling bridge that it shall be perfectly balanced and time being they are successively displaced, and then rest, and which by the opening of the said nippers require but little power to open and close it, and that passed down in a zig-zag or regularly folded pile in when out, are deposited in a receptacle. Patent com- whilst it is closed, and in use, it is perfectly secure, the bottom of the front portion of the case. The pleted. open form of picture drums with the door behind 2918. N. Dawson. "Improvements in order tinuous and unbroken,

and when opened or with: admit of transparencies being viewed in this appa- books.” Dated Dec. 21, 1858.

drawn the tail or balance end is drawn over the 2910. J. Ronald. An improved machine for the alternate one of which is perforated so that it may be drawing side,

and without injury thereto. The This consists in binding up a number of leaves, every ground line or approach on the balance or with: direct spinning of hemp, flax, and other like fibrous readily torn out of the book while the others remain travelling of the bridge in and out may be effected by materials.” Dated Dec. 20, 1858.

in the book. While

taking orders on these perforated a rack or racks or otherwise. Patent completed. a paper is it 2925. W. SPENCE. “Improvements in granaries endless bands or chains placed one above another, order will be obtained. Patent abandoned.

tion) Dated Dec. 22, 1858.

or third lift of

This consists of a strong chest composed of wood ornamental ends or tips to the ends of neckties, | pipes to the top of the house. In this way so long or other material adapted to give it strength sup. scarfs, or crarats, and such ornamental ends may be as much rain water is discharged into the trap ported on pillars or standards and strengthened by so attached by the aid of the sewing machine or by chamber the gases are carried directly off down tho cross tie pieces bound together by clamps, being also hand work. Patent abandoned.

drains, but when the water pipes are empty the kept from yielding to the pressure in an outward di. 2932. D. LICHTENSTADT. Converting a certain deodorized gases are passed off high into the air rection by longitudinal and lateral stretchers. The vegetable substance into fibrous material for the without doing injury. Patent completed. bottom of the said chest terminates in a funnel or manufacture of textile and other fabrics." Dated

2937. A. Barclay. “Improvements in obtaining hopper, and at its extremity is fitted a pipe or conduit, Dec. 23, 1858. furnished with a valve or regulator, which is closed by This consists in utilizing the sugar cane deprived netism, and obtaining motive power therefrom."

and distributing or applying electricity and mag: & padlock when the apparatus is at rest. This pipe of its sugar by reducing that vegetable substance to Dated Dec. 23, 1858. or conduit, which serves equally for putting grain tibrous material which may be spun, woven, and into sacks, leads to a sieve of ordinary form and fur otherwise treated so as to produce textile and other from the earth in great quantity, and in distributing

This consists in a means of obtaining electricity nislied with a handle or means of turning it on each fabrics. Patent abandoned.

it and applying it either in quantity or intensity to side. To the sjeve is connected an inclined board or 2933. J. RONALD. “Improvements in, and machannel receiving a jerking kind of movement from chinery for, the manufacture of hard-topped and soft receiving end of a conducting wire or series of wires

practical use. According to one modification the the sieve, and which conducts the grain from the laid twine, mill banding, strands for ropes and other is connected to a vertical or other line of parallel latter to a receptacle either under or above ground, purposes, and cordage generally from hemp, flax, cot. wires laid together, and which line forms the centre which receptacle is closed by a door. Into this re- ton, and other like fibrous material.” Dated Dec. 23, of a series of transverse or radial aries. These wires ceptacle an endless bucket chain dips, being passed 1858.

are so attached to the main contral line that the over a pulley at the lower part of the receptacle, and This consists of a number of revolving spindles or arrangement resembles a “ bottle brush," presenting over another mounted at the upper part of the appa- frames, each of which carries one or more bobbins on

a vast number of radial points for the collection and ratus. On the axle of the former pulley is another which the yarn is wound. The inventor gives an in. reception of electricity. This collector is sunk in of larger diameter, which by means of an endless strap dependent rotary motion to each of these spindles or or band communicates the motion of the chain to the frames by which any required amount of twist can be of electricity and the points as a whole convey the

the earth, so that each wire point takes up a portion sievo when the apparatus is driven by mechanical put into each yarn as it is drawn off the bobbin or electricity to the main central line of wire, and thence power, but when manual labour is employed motion bobbins, which is offected by a series of drawing rollers. to the line wire or conductor, which may be a telela coinmunicated from the sieve to tho chain. The The yarns required to form the twine or cord are graph cable or a conductor to an electric power chain receives its motion from the prime mover conducted to sets of drawing rollers through draw. machine. Or the apparatus may be immersed in a through a driving pulley. At the upper part of the plates or other guides, and after the yarns have passed well containing a solution of sulphate of copper. apparatus is a receptacle for the grain as it is carried through several sets of these drawing rollers the hard Instead of radial wires metal discs may be used. In up and deposited by the working of the chain, such yarns are then carried vertically down to a flyer by the case of a telegraph cable one of these arrangereceptacle communicating with the apparatus through which they are laid, and as the cord is formed it is

ments is fitted up at each end, one being the collector a grating to prevent mice, &c., from passing into the taken up by the bobbins on the flyer spindles. To and the other the distributer of the electricity. The sarap, Access is afforded to the upper part of the spin twine, &c., direct from fibres of "hemp, fax, invention also relates to an apparatus operating apparatus by a staircase or otherwise, and there is manilla, &c., the inventor gives a rotary motion to the generally upon the galvanometrical principle, and a railing to prevent accidents. There is also an indi. cams containing the slivers by mounting them on or cator consisting of a ball suspended by a cord or chain, in suitably formed revolving frames fitted with drawing obtaining motive power. The details of this part of

capable of use for telegraphic purposes and for to which is also connected a kind of parachute

with heads. The twist being put into the sliver, and the the invention are voluminous. Patent completed. moreable wings. As the grain has become ventilated yarn formed by the revolving drawing head, is carried

2938. J. MAUDSLAY. " Improvements in the conor winnowed the ball descends to obstruct the passage forward by a series of the drawing rollers as before of it to the sieve, and when the contents of the described, when the yarns are laid by flyers, and the struction of ordnance and projectiles to be used therc. granary or apparatus have been operated upon, the strands as formed are taken up on bobbins on the with.” Dated Dec. 23, 1858.

This consists in the construction of ordnance and outlet is closed, and the ball is drawn up again, flyer spindles. To form laid rope or cordage all that the wings of the parachute collapsing as it passes is required is to supply the bobbins with strands in projectiles in such manner as to combine means of load. through the mass of grain. There is also a graduated place of yarn. Patent completed.

ing at the breech with a rifled bore and corresponding index intended to show the quantity of grain which 2934. S. BIRD. “ Improvements in spinning, and projectile. The breech chamber which is to contain the granary or apparatus contains.

Patent com

in the manufacture of cop bottoms or cop tubes." the charge of powder is to be formed by preference of pleted. Dated Dec. 23, 1858.

wrought-iron or steel, while the remainder of the 2926. E. T. Dunn. "Improved fabrics suitable for Here, to prevent waste after the cops are taken off gun is to be formed of cast metal. The shot, shell, the covering

of floors, walls, and other like purposes." the spindles the inventor applies gum, starch, paste, &c., is to have formed on it a key or keys, feather or Dated Dec. 22, 1858.

or varnish, or mixture of chalk, whiting, or flour, feathers for the greater part of its length, and the This invention was described at page 62, No. 4, of either to the spindles or to the threads by a brush or

gun has formed in it a corresponding groove into the Mechanics’ MAGAZINE (New Series). Patent sponge so that when the spinning commences the which the key or feather on the projectile takes, and completed. threads shall be lapped to any desired thickness on

along which it moves. The thickness of the gun is 2027. E. Green. "Improvements in tables.” to the sticking or thickening substance, which latter increased about the groove in order to provide for the Dated Dec. 22, 1858.

becomes hard before the cop is completed, so that weakening effect which the formation of the groove This consists in forming tables with a central re

the cop can be taken off without injuring the bottom, have a lateral motion imparted to it bodily, and volving disc, which is fixed within or placed upon the and which also prevents any unravelling or waste centre of a table. Or in constructing tables with two from picking. There are modifications included. sufficient in extent to permit of the projectile being

placed in its proper position in the gun. The breech or more discs, each having a separate motion to enable Patent abandoned. them to move in the same or in a reverse direction. 2935. J. Broom. “Improvements in the manu.

is then brought back to its place by any convenient It also consists in fitting suitable gear to the tables, facture of steel.” Dated Dec. 23, 1858.

means, and there secured by a screw or otherwise. 80 that the discs on one or more of them may be Here pig iron is deposited in its ray unheated Patent abandoned. rotated by turning a handle or treadle. Patent aban- state in the furnace, and it is worked and puddled in

2939. J. T. P. NEWBOX, T. SMITH, and J. Brown. doned.

the usual way except that the furnace is kept as full “ Improvements in machinery or apparatus for raising 2928. M. SHULDIAN. " Improvements in ships as possible of pure white flame, the atmospheric air and lowering; or otherwise moving heavy weights.

Dated Dec. 21, 1858. and vessels, and in working parts of their gear and being excluded from it as much as possible. The mass rigging." Dated Dec. 22, 1858. of iron is also kept surrounded with cinder as a pro

This relates, 1, to the combination of grooved This consists in methods of running in or hoisting tective covering to keep off the contact of air with drums, pulleys, or barrels as described with worm and up a ship's bowsprit, with its jib-boom and flying-jib. the metal. Sal ammoniac or salt may be added to wheel gearing: 2. To a novel contrivance for com. boom, so as to enable a ship, constructed as a steam improve the protective covering of cinders. The iron pressing the

links of chains after they have been ramu, to carry sufficient head-sails

, and notwithstand so puddled when tilted, hammered, or rolled becomes hauled in. The invention is not described apart from ing to be in a fit state to perform the duty of a steam good steel. Patent abandoned.

the drawings. Patent completed. Patent abandoned. 2936. J. WHITELAW.“ Improvements in sewerage dissolved sugar and other liquids.” Dated Dec. 21,

2940. W. ELERS and L. Fixk. “The filtration of 2929. F. RANSOME. "Improvements in the manu. and drainage apparatus. Dated Dec. 23, 1858. facture of grinding and rubbing surfaces.” Dated In arranging receiving and descharging apparatus 1858. Dec. 22, 1858. according to this invention the trap or sewer and

This consists of a vessel with two bottoms, the This consists in combining ground glass or emery drain chamber is so contrived that the fluid matters upper one perforated with holes to which is with soluble or easily fusible silicates with or without discharged from the road or street are caused to flow attached the bag or filter. The two bottoins are other matters. Patent completed.

into the receiver through a hinged grating into the placed apart from each other, thereby forming a 2930. A. Prince. “Improvements in ornamenting body of the trap-chamber. From this part the chamber into which the liquor is introduced by a pipe and illuminating surfaces of glass.” Dated Dec. 22, matters flow off beneath a hanging diaphragm, from a higher level, which liquor rises through the 1858. thence passing off at the other side over the top of a

holes into the bag or filter, and when filtered escapes This consists in the application of lace or flower second diaphragm or division, and thence down to the by a pipe above the chamber between the two pattern glass having clear plain centres or spaces, main sewer or descharge duct. This diaphragm por. bottoms while the refuse remains in the chamber, or such centres or spaces being encircled or delineated tion of the chamber is covered by a perforated plate may fall into another chamber placed below it, from by ornamental plain or coloured bordering, so as to of metal on which is disposed å layer of charcoal, whence through an aperture the refuse can be reform an interval frame pattern, and in and upon such lime, or gypsum, which layer is again covered in by moved and the chamber cleansed without disturbing colour centres or spaces chromolithograph or other an adjustable top plate level with the surface of the the bag or filter. Patent abandoned. impressions prints or paintings are transferred, roal. The roof-water from the houses is conducted 2911. J. W. CHILD. “Improvements in the manuattached, or painted, and then coated and covered into the chamber at the part between the two dia- facture of fabrics a lapted to be used for curtains, with suitable crystal cements and varnishes as a pro. phragms so as to discharge the water in the same coverings of furniture, tables, covers, and such like tection against damage from atmospheric influence or way as the street-surface water. Another branch

Dated Dec. 21, 1858. moisture. Patent completed.

also from the water pipe leads into the space contain- The object here is to produce fabrics of a character 2931. J. J. WELCH. " Improvements in the manu. ing the deodorizing matter. This branch serves

to now generally called “rep,” or ribbed, and adapted to facture of neckties, scarfs, or cravats.” Dated Dec. 22, allow of the free escape of the gases from the be used for curtains, coverings for furniture, &c., 1858.

chamber after passing through the deodorizing with pattern in various forms alike on each surface, This consists in letting in, inserting, or attaching | matter so as to pass right up the water-conducting combined with a ground work composed of ribs of




equal or unequal thickness, and such pattern or figure front part of the vehicle. The lever is connected portion of about 1 oz. (avoirdupois) of the powder may be obtained on each side of the fabric from either with a plain or other wheel having two circumferences per hour for each horse power. Patent completed. the warp or the weft. When the pattern is to be inserted in the nave of one of the wheels of the 2954. J. RADLEY. “An improved cooking appaobtained from the warp, such warp will be operated vehicle, and the draught regulated thereupon by ratus.” Dated Dec. 27, 1858. by the Jacquard, or otherwise, to obtain a like floating the action of a self-acting and self-regulating lever This apparatus is adapted to the operations of or satin pattern of the figures therefrom; and at the moving either backwards or forwards, according to the roasting, boiling, baking, stewing, frying, and steam. same time on each surface of the fabric, and to pro- weight affecting the same. Motion being given to a ing, and all these operations can be carried on at the duce the different sizes of ribs, weft-threads of different pair of wheels connected with a self-acting and self. same time with one moderate-sized fire, and with thicknesses or quantities are employed. When the regulating screw attached to the body of any such little attendance. A modification of the apparatus pattern is to be obtained from the weft, the operations vehicle, the draught on such vehicle resting upon may be readily adapted to travel on wheels, in order will be conducted so as to obtain like floating of weft three wheels on either side, inserted in the frame work to cook for an army on the march; it carries its own threads in place of warp on each surface of the fabric. of the vehicle, will be regulated and adjusted, and the fuel and water, and in this case the rotary motion for Patent completed.

body or framework may be drawn by the screw either the roasting cage may be derived from the wheels. 2942. J. W. Child. "Improvements in dyeing backward or forward. "Patent abandoned.

Patent completed. wool and other fibres.” Dated Dec. 24, 1858.

2949. J. LITTLE. “Improvements in lamps.” Dated 2955. T. STEVEX and T. Scott. "Improvements This consists in dyeing wool, &c., when formed into Dec. 24, 1858.

in heating apparatus for culinary and warning pura connected sliver by drawing such fibre in a con.

This consists of a central oil reservoir suspended poses, and in part applicable to steam boiler and other tinuous line in a distended state through the dye from a rod attached to the ceiling or carried by a furnaces.” Dated Dec. 27, 1858. liquid, and thence to suitable washing and drying pedestal. From this central reservoir branches ex. In a cooking range embodying some of these im. means, from which it is formed into balls or other tend laterally for carrying the burners. Each branch provements the air is admitted through oblique forms. Patent completed.

2943. L. D. OWEN. “Improvements in manufac-chamber for containing the wick as well as to receive formed by using Venetian or oblique bars, fixed or turing horse-shoe nails.” (A communication.) Dated the central reservoir. On the top of this branch to cause the air to enter so as to thoroughly mix with

the oil in quantity sufficient to saturate the wick from adjustable as regards their positions. The object is Dec. 24, 1858.

This consists of apparatus having suitable frame. chamber, there is screwed a wick-holder of any for the fuel gases, and lessen the formation of smoke. In work, with a shaft of proper strength and material with a pinion or other elevator. Upon this wick: making a boiler for a cooking range, or for causing hung thereon. On this shaft is an excentric, which holder there is fitted the actual burner, consisting of the circulation of hot water in pipes for heating may be made self-adjusting, and to such excentric the

a top cap-piece perforated at the sides to admit air to apartments, it is preferred to form the bottom with inventor attaches a chilled roller ; on each revolution pass in to aid combustion. Patent abandoned. corrugations. The boiler is formed with flanges, of the shaft the roller is made to strike the nail, rod,

2950. J. H. Johnson. Improvements in the either solid or hollow, so as to constitute water or iron a drawing or sliding blow from the head permanent way of railways.” (A communication.) spaces. If the cooking range is of the close fire towards the point. The nail-rod having been Dated Dec. 24, 1858.

class an independent flue or pipe is carried from passed in a red hot state between the two dies, and

This consists in cutting notches or slots in the websit a sufficient distance up the chimney of the before the roller has made another revolution to give into such notches or slots wrought or cast iron joint closing up the throat of the chimney or applying

or shanks of the rails at their ends, and in inserting kitchen to obtain the requisite draught, without another such blow. One of the dies which is move. ablo is, by an excentric or cam, caused to strike such pieces of such a section as to enable them to fit ac. valves to it. The flue pipe has a valve to regulats the nail sideways or horizontally, the other die which is curately into the slots, and at the same time to fit draught. When cooking is suspended, the apparatus fixed acting as a block or anvil. The shaft may be against the sides or under the head of the rails at the is converted into an open fire-range by opening the

The invention also comprises arranged to move forwards and backwards or to be ends thereof. To afford facility for taking up the fire-door and cover. stationary. The nail-rod is made to pass through a

rails certain of the rails, say every tenth rail, should various improvements in stoves of the Register or holder which has a kind of jigger motion to prevent have the slot made of extra length, so as to admit of Leamington class. Patent completed. scales forming on the nail-rod, and the inventor the joint piece being slid along such slot, and conse- 2956. J. SMETIIU RST. “Certain improvements in gauges the required length of nail-rod by a spring quently unlocked from the adjoining rail end, when metallic pistons.” Dated Dec. 27, 1858. connected with such holder; the holder and nail-rod the unlocked rail may be taken up. At these parts The object here is to render metallic pistons more are then drawn back by cams, and when the nail is the joint-pieces may be retained in their places when elastic and easier of adjustment than heretofore. formed it is cut off and finished at each end if neces. locked by wooden wedge piccos driven behind them The inventor makes use of two packing rings, the Patent abandoned.

into the slot, and secured therein by a pin. Patent inner circumferences of which are bevilled to fit a 2944. E. FELLOWS, “An improved vent peg.” completed.

wedge ring, which is cut through in one place, or Dated Dec. 24, 1858.

2051. R. L. GIANDONATI. “ Improvements in made in two or more parts, and is acted upon by an This consists of a metal peg or stopper made of a

ornamenting leather cloth.” Dated Dec. 24, 1858. eccentric spring ring. The spring ring is made of taper form with a screw upon it. Patent completed.

This consists in ornamenting leather cloth by print. cast-iron, and is cut through at one part. The spring 2945. D. EDLESTON.

ing ornamental designs thereon, either in colours, or ring must first be turned rather more in diameter Improvements in preparing in metallic powders, or foil, without any further than the internal diameter of the wedge ring or seg. and finishing textile fabrics, and in the ineans or apparatus employed therein.” Dated Dec. 24,

manipulation or treatment. Patent abandoned. ments to give the requisite elasticity. These pistons 1858.

2952. W. B. Johnsox. * Improvements in the can be used either with or without adjusting screws This consists, 1, in folding the fabrics in the wet employment of gas for generating steam, and in to act on the wedge ring or segments." Patent comstate, whereby a better “rigg in the finish is obtained. engines connected therewith.” Dated Dec. 21, pleted.

2957. J. SHAW. 1858. 2, in crabbing byaseries of cylinders arranged and con

“A new mechanical combination, structed so as to have an increase of surface speed

This consists in certain methods of regulating the called an indefinite fæd movement.” Dated Dec. 27, cither by increase of diameters respectively, or in the combustion of gas accordingly as more or less heat is

This invention is not described apart from the relative times of rotation, such cylinders being im- required to be imparted to the boiler. For this purmersed in hot water. 3 in the adaptation of such pose the inventor employs the governor of the engine, drawings. Patent completed. cylinders to the drying of textile fabrics by having and causes it to act upon cocks or other such appa. 2958. W. A. GILBEE.“ Improvements in treating them made hollow, drawing away the hot water and ratus, so as to regulate the flow of gas. Also for the fatty bodies and in the apparatus employed therein. introducing steam to the interior thereof. 4 in com. like purpose he causes the pressure or the tempera- (A communication.) Dated Dec. 27, 1858. bining the folding or rigging with the drying in one

ture of the steam or water to act similarly to the This consists, 1, in distilling neutral fat and fat process by passing the fabrie at its middle over the governor. The invention also relates to the preven- acids at a regular temperature between 660° to 6700 edge of a pulley or curved plate in a suitable position, tion of accidents arising from the water becoming Fahrenheit in superheated steam. 2. In the employ. by which the folding is effected and the fabric is then deficient. In such cases he causes the supply of gas ment in the distillation of neutral fats and fatty acids passed to the drying cylinder in the folded state. to be shut off or diminished by the water falling be of an air-pump working with an intermittent motion Patent completed.

low a certain level. The invention further consists in connection with the ordinary still and refrigerator 2946. J. Railton and S. Lang. “ Improvements

in the application of a “ master light,” for regulating for extracting the gases of distillation from the still in looms. Dated Dec. 21, 1858.

the burners after the supply has been shut off and as soon as formed, and by which a regular tempera. This relates to looms in which a double “ dobby” is reopened. There is also an arrangement of engines ture between 660° and 670° Fahrenheit is maintained, used for working the healds, and the invention con

and boilers to be used in conjunction with boilers the loss of the material by the ordinary process in sists in the application of a single slide to work the heated by gas.. The boiler is formed as a vertical great part avoided, and a good product obtained. double “ dobby," which slide is moved to and fro cylinder of cast iron, with a concave bottom of copper. Patent completed. horizontally by a toothed wheel or pinion gearing into To the side of this the cylinder is bolted, and the 2959. J. MACPHERSON. " Improvements in solia rack fixed to or forming part of the slide. The main shaft passes transversely over the boiler, carry: difying the raspings and other waste of horns and pattern cylinders are turned round by catehes jointed ing the fly-wheel upon the opposite side of the hoofs, and in applying the process to the cementing to a lever put in motion by the slide. The pegs on cylinder. Patent completed.

of prepared horns, hoofs, and tortoiseshell.” Dated the pattern cylinders, or on the lattices passing over 2953. M. A. F. MENNONS. “An improved compo. Dec. 27, 1858. them, act on wires or tumblers connected to the slide, sition for the protection of certain metallic surfaces.” This consists in subjecting the dust, shavings, and these wires or tumblers are hooked to catch hold (A communication.) Dated Dec. 27, 1838.

raspings, &c., of animal horns and hoofs first to the of knives or hooked rods to which the healds are con- This consists in a combination of certain organic action of moisture and heat, and afterwards to connected by cranks or cords passing over pulleys. and unorganic substances which, introduced into siderable mechanical pressure, whether to solidify Patent completed.

boilers, &c., prevents the deposit or incrustation. The the softened waste material, or to cement prepared 2947. E. HUMPARYS. “ Improvements in brazing following ingredients are employed in the preparation pieces of horn to each other or to tortoiseshell. Palent metal tubes in tube-plates and other metal surfaces to of 100 lbs. weight of this compound :-Oak bark, completed. each other.” Dated Dec. 24, 1858.

21. lb.; salts of soda, 31 lb.; wood ash, 15 lb. ; soda 2960. J. Davis. “An improved portable self gas. This consists in employing fluid metal in order to crystals, 24} lb.; ground linseed, 4 lb.; graphite, 1 lb. generating lamp. (A communication.) Dated Dec. apply the requisite heat to melt the solder. Patent These substances being reduced to powder, and 27, 1858. abandoned.

thoroughly incorporated, are laid asido in a dry This relates to hydro-carbon vapour-burners, and 2948. A. SMITH. "Improvements in gigs, dog-carts, place. When required for use, a given quantity is consists in the use of a heating or vaporising tube and other vehicles.” Dated Dec. 24, 1858.

reduced to a semi-liquid consistence by hot water, to ; and retort charged with asbestos or any analogous This consists in the application of a spring resting which is added about 2 lb. per cent. of tallow. The material and carbonaceous fluid; ormond oil or other upon a lever, affixed in or to the frame work of the mixture is then passed into the generator in the pro hydro-carbons, passing over the flame of a burner


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supplied with vapour generated within the tube or draw the upper well on to the inner sole. 3. In a each side of the shuttle for slightly confining the retort into which thè fluid ormond oil or other mode of connecting metal tips to boots and shoes. shuttle in its race. 2. In the use of a spring or hydro-carbons are charged by pressure. It also Patent completed.

springs within the shuttle carriage or arm to keep consists in providing the tube and retort so charged 2966. J. SINCLAIR. “Improvements in pistons.” the shuttle in contact with the race or guide, and with a cover or cup to retain the heat around Dated Dec. 28, 1858.

also in the use of two or more springs on the its upper surface. It also consists in such an This comprehends improvements in various parts under surface of the covers or plates covering the arrangement of the several parts that the fluid of the piston, and modifications thereof. The in- race to press upon the top of the shuttle for preventormond oil or other hydro-carbons from the reservoir vention is not described apart from the drawings. ing the vibrations of, and steadying the shuttle in its is supplied to the heating parts of the vaporising tube Patent completed.

race. 3. In the use of a circular curved race or guide by pressure, and the entire vaporization and burning 2967. T. WARREN. “Improvements in the manu. of the shuttle for causing the shuttle to move in a of its material effected without a residuum. Patent facture of glass bottles.” Date: Dec. 28, 1858. circular direction. Patent abandoned. completed.

Here the bottle having been blown and saucered 2975. W. TAYLOR and W. D. GRIMSHAW. “Re2061. C. M. A. MARIOX. “ An improved box or in the ordinary way is wetted off upon a pontil, gulating the admission of natural atmospheric air and case for containing and preserving sensitive photo which is fitted into a case or socket and is made to eduction of rarefied air or gases from hothouses or any graphic paper." Dated Dec. 27, 1858.

revolve by a simple arrangement of gearing whilst other place or premises, and for supporting a required This consists of a box with a double bottom her. the mouth is being formed. The mouth of the bottle temperature." Dated Dec. 29, 1858. metically sealed, and containing in the one part is shaped by a pair of sheers carried by a stand and The patentee describes a self-acting ventilator or chloride of calcium, and in the other the paper to be placed in a suitable position near the apparatus damper regulator for regulating the admission of preserved. Patent completed.

carrying the pontil, the sheers being closed upon the natural atmospheric air and eduction of rarefied air 2962. F. W. TURNER. “ Improvements in steam- hot glass whilst the bottle is revolving, and thereby or gases from hothouses, &c., and for supporting a engines, condensers, and steam-boilers, and in pro. imparting the proper shape and finish to the mouth. required temperature, the said apparatus is actuated moting combustion in the furnaces of the same." The added metal for forming the thickened lip or by pressure of steam, water, gas, or any other fluid, Dated Dec. 27, 1938.

ring of the mouth may be applied in the ordinary or by the temperature of the atmosphere; it is also This consists 1, in increasing the condensing power way, but it is preferred to have a small supplemental applicable to other purposes. Patent completed. of ordinary jet condensers, and in keeping a portion | furnace at the side to contain the metal for lips or 2976. R. D. Kay. "An improved chemical means of the water which is condensed separate and distinct rings, and to take therefrom the requisite quantity by of applying or fixing on woven or felted fabrics certain from the water which condenses, by inserting a dipping in the bottle. For "wetting off” the water colouring matters produced from tar.” Dated Dec. cluster of brass or other metal tubes fixed vertically is made to issue upwards under a slight pressure from 29, 1858. into a plate at their lower ends, and at their upper a simi-circular mouth, and the bottle is laid so as to This consists of means of applying on printing. ends into the bottom of a shallow vessel

, which vessel expose its neck to the issuing water. Patent aban- fabrics colouring matter produced from tar. Some of is supported by the tubes and is free to move verti. doned.

the matters used have been called harmuline, indisine, cally to the extent the tubes will expand on the appli. 2968. A. Lyons. “Improvements in travelling and tuchsine. The method of fixing the said colouring cation of heat. 2. In the employment and a mode of bags.” Dated Dec. 28, 1858.

matters consists in the use of them in solution in com. employing compressed air for condensing steam in This consists in uniting two bags or similar re. bination with albumen, caseine, protein, lachtarine, steam engines; also in the mode of compressing and ceptacles side by side through the medium of a &c., and as these matters are not all soluble in water superheating air to be used in a minutely divided double-framed mouth or opening, the said frame the inventor dissolves them in oils, or oils and alkalies, shape in the fire-boxes of steam boilers above and being formed of three parallel bars secured at the or tartaric or other vegetable acids, or a mixture of below the fuel, or in combustion chambers, or ends by link or spring movements which admit of two or more of these substances. He applies the chambers in connection with fire-boxes or flue-tubes. the bag, when attached thereto by sewing or other. matter by blocks, rollers, &c., and subjects the fabrics 3. In a peculiar construction of combined steam wise, being opened or closed, as also one of the bags so printed (after drying) to the action of steam. cylinders to facilitate the working of high-pressure to be turned up and placed at right angles with the Patent completed. steam expansively, and to prevent the condensation other by which a cushion to the seat and back of the 2977. S. PICKFORD. “Improvements in the preor diminution of temperature of such steam while conveyance is formed. Patent abandoned.

paration and manufacture of manure.' Dated Dec. working or expanding in the cylinders by enveloping 2969. J. LECK. “ Improvements in drying textile 29, 1858. the cylinders and superheated steam in steam-tight fabrics and materials.” Dated Dec. 28, 1858.

This consists, first, in treating Sombrero Island cases; which steam in its passage to the cylinder Here the fabric to be dried is first placed over a phosphate guano, bone, caroh, or mineral phosphate cases passes through certain heating apparatus, and steam-can or heated cylinder; it is then directed with sulphuric, hydrochloric, or nitric acid, in a certhus conveys a greater quantity of heat than is due clear of the cylinder or can and passed up and over tain manner, by which means he obtains soluble salts, to its pressure to the cylinders. 4. In the application a roller of triangular section. In this way the piece with the whole of the phosphoric acid present, or of steam-tight cases on certain portions of the ex. is conveyed through the air and agitated in it prior nearly so. Second, in combining the said phosphoric ternal surface of stearn-boilers for distilling pure to descending and passing over a second steam-can or salts with nitrogenized substances, alkaline salts and from impure water. 5. In certain improvements in cylinder. Patent completed.

earthy bases in such proportions as varied circum. packing for pistons. Patent completed.

2970. C. Fay. "Improvements in railway carriages stances may require. Patent completed. 2963. I. Lowe, W. TRUEMAN, and J. L. Pitts. and brakes.” Dated Dec. 28, 1858. “A new or improved axle for carriages.” Dated This relates to a former patent, and consists, 1, in a PROVISIONAL PROTECTIONS. Dec. 27, 1858.

peculiar self-acting stop motion for regulating the On an axle in which a saddle picce engaging with distance by which the brake blocks are removed clear

Dated June 28, 1859. or sliding upon a neck near the end of the axle arm, off the wheels by the guard in unbraking the train. 1538. G. Dawes and C. J. Carr. Certain improveconstitutes the bearing against which the small end of 2. In a self-acting and self-adjusting reversing ments in atmospheric and vacuum hammers and the axle-box works. Patent completed.

apparatus, whereby the brakes may be used from stamps, part of which improvements is also applicable 2961. R. HORNSBY, jun. "Improvements in either end of the train without the use of any extra to steam and other engines. ploughing and tilling land by steam power, and in hangers or blocks. 3. In a worm and straight rack

Dated June 30, 1859. apparatus employed therein.” Dated Dec. 27, 1858. motion applied to a carriage or waggon brakes for

1560. J. Lawsun. Certain improvements in maIn adapting agricultural steam-engines to give acting the same. Patent abandoned. motion to ploughs, &c., the inventor mounts the 2971, J. H. Johnson.

chinery for roving, twisting, and spinning flax, cotton,

“ Improvements in the winding drum or drums in such a position that they manufacture of boots and shoes or other coverings for wool, and other tibrous substances. can be driven from the crank shaft of the engine by the feet.” (A communication.) Dated Dec. 28, 1858.

Dated July 6, 1859. straight spur wheels or straight gearing without the This relates, 1, to a mode of cutting or punching

1602. J. Luis. An improved mode of manufacture intervention of bevilled wheels, chains, or straps, and out the soles, so as to produce bevilled edges at a of wheel tires for railway carriages and engines, by for this purpose he in some cases mounts such drums single operation. 2. To inodes and means of bevilo means of the therein described apparatus. A comso as to run on tubular axes, through which the axles ling, reducing, skiving, shaping, buffing, and splitting munication. of the bearing wheels of the engine pass excentrically the various parts of boots and shoes. The invention

Dated July 8, 1859. to the tubular axes. Or the drums may be mounted is not described apart from the drawings. Patent 1623. J. Gibbs. Improvements in the manufacture ou studs, or axes fixed to the sides of the engine, and completed,

of brushes, brooms, coverings for floors, mats, scrapers, in either cases he arranges clutch boxes or similar 2072. W. HAWORTII and W. BARKER.“ Improve: and other scraping and rubbing surfaces. contrivances, through which the power of the engine ments in the top clearers of machines for spinning.” is communicated to the drums, immediately on the

Dated July 12, 1859. Dated Dec. 29, 1858. drums, or else on parts running at the same low This consists in making the top clearers conical, so

1652. J. Luis. Improvements in railway car seats speed as the drums, in place of to parts running at that when they are turned round by the friction of and arm chairs. A communication. the high speed of the engine. Patent completed. the top rollers, there will be a rubbing action between

1653. C. J. Proal, The application of photogra2965. B. BROWNE. “Certain improvements in the the surfaces, which causes the flyings to accumulate phic impressions or pictures upon fabrics or tissues, manufacture of boots and shoes, or other coverings evenly over the surface of the top clearers, whereas for rendering such fabrics or tissues applicable to for the feet, and in the mode or method of uniting the when the clearers are cylindrical the flyings sometimes various useful purposes. A communication. same or parts thereof.” (A communication.) Dated collect in lumps, which falling in the yarn causes it

Dated July 19, 1859. Dec. 28, 1858.

to break. Patent completed. This relates chiefly to “ Blucher" boots, and con. 2973. T. WELTON.“ Improvements in giving or adapted to axletrees. A communication.

1698. J. Luis. A new system of eccentric socket sists, 1, in making the lower and outer portion of the obtaining publicity, and of advertising either by day

1702. J. C. Riddel. Improvements in stalls, loose. quarter of the upper longer than the top or middle or by night.”. Dated Dec. 29, 1858. part at the point or place of junction, so that it is Here the inventor allows artificial light either to boxes, and enclosures for horses, cows, pigs, or other made to overlap the piece in which the string is pass through certain openings in an opaque or semi

Dated July 20, 1859. passed and secured to the front. 2. In uniting to the opaque ground, such openings forming the desired front or upper a strip of leather, canvas, &c., and letters, designs, or devices; or he uses opaque letters

1704. T. Curtis and J. Haigh. Improvements in which in some cases is made to form a side lining, and upon a transparent or semi-transparent ground. Pas the finishing of cloths. which is proposed to be continued so long and around tent aban-loned.

Dated July 21, 1859. the upper and waterproofed. The chief advantage of 2971. E. W. CARTER and J. D, ABRAMS.

1711, J. Todd, jun. Improvements in machinery this strip is, that the prime part of which the front or tain improvements in sewing inachines.” Dated Dec. or apparatus for dressing or oloansing and separating upper is composed can be made smaller in size, as the 29, 1858.

grains and Beods, piece serves as a portion to be taken hold of so as to This consists, 1, in the use of two springs, one at 1712. G. Welch. An improvement or improve.


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