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DOULTOX 0. STIFF.

THE GEOLOGICAL SOCIETY OF LONDON.

and the pendants being passed round the sides or various missiles, I never conversed with. In sup- the best Report on the Agriculture of the Islands of cheeks of the blocks, preventing a fair and even port of my preference for the Lancaster rifle as Jersey, Guernsey, Alderney, and Sark, be awarded to This would account for "sundry of the a military arm, I will state that I lately met a

the author of the essay bearing the motto “Prac. crew" being required to overhaul the pendants sergeant of the 96th Regiment, now stationed at tical.” The sealed envelope having been opened by

the President, the author was declared to be C. P. and for ropes being cut. Cases can be substantiated Plymouth, who informed me that he had fired

Le Corme (Honorary Secretary to the Royal Jersey where this has happened. Rope, moreover, has forty rounds in succession from the Lancaster Agricultural Society), Beaumont, Jorsey, been supplied from one yard of a character rifle, using pure suet or tallow for the lubricating e ntrary to my printed instructions, and it is matter, without finding the slightest inconvenience this cause, and not the nip on the rope, that from loading. The sergeant had received honours

Law Case. has led to their breaking. The attention of their and increased pay for his excellence as a marks. lordships will be officially directed to this point, man, and therefore must be a good authority on Court or QUEEN'S Besch, Westminster, June 25. as it is only with the rope in question that any the superior efficiency of the Lancaster rifle. -(Sitting at Nisi Prius, before Mr. Justice Hill fracture has ever occurred. After three years As regards breech-loading rifles, I have a high

and a Special Jury.) (compulsory use) in all Government emigrant and opinion of that invented by Mr. Leetch, of 68 transport ships no single case of rope breaking Margaret-street, Regent-street. As a proof that Mr. Bovill, Q.C., Mr. Lush, Q.C., and Mr. Webster has been reported to the authorities. I think well of it, I have ordered one to be made appeared for the plaintiff'; Mr. Knowles, Q.C., and

Mr. Hindmarch for the defendant. My plan does not pretend to do more than for me, to use when I become a guerilla, in conlower evenly and safely and disengage at the same junction with some hundreds of thousands of the

The plaintiff in this action, Henry Doulton, was one time, by one man, and I cannot help drawing * bone and sinew” of the land. It is a source of of the partners in the firm of Doulion and Co., of the attention to the testimony “Nauticus” bears to pride to me in my advanced stage of life, to be able James Stiff, also a Lambeth

potter, to recover damages

Lambeth Pottery Works, and be sued the defendant, its efficiency, in the facility which he says it truly to say that as far back as the year 1823, I for the infringement of a patent granted to the plain. affords for suddenly leaving a ship—the very had perfected my elongated rifle shot and shell, till on the 11th of May, 1854, for "improvements in purpose for which it was intended—and which and thus evoked" the strength that slumbered kilns used in the manufacture of stoneware, earthen. has been officialy declared a " desideratum wanted in a rifled arm. I am, Sir, yours, &c., ware, and china,” and described in a former volume throughout the naval service.This very admis

J. NORTON. of the MECHANICS' MAGAZINE. The defendant sion is the best contradiction to the objections Rosherville, June 25.

pleaded several pleas, denying the infringement, and that have been previously urged. The occasional

also the novelty of the plaintiff's invention.

The object of the plaintiff's invention, as described abuse, however, of a public good cannot be urged

UTILISING THE MILLIONS.

in his specification, was so to arrange the fireplaces as a reason for its suppression. Besides, in times

TO TIJ BDITORS OF TIE" MECHANICS' MAGAZINE." or furnaces of kilns used in the manufacture of stone. of danger, when the power of lowering is in the

GENTLEMEN,—As it appears there is no use now ware, earthenware, and china, as to prevent as hands of one person, any trustworthy

man ordered made of the fifty millions of iron cups for in- much as possible the evolution of smoke into the at. to the command of such a means by the captain, serting

in the hollow base of the Miniú rifle shot, mosphere. For that purpose, over each fireplace or or officer on watch, in having the entire control which were manufactured by Mr. Greenfield by numerous holes, was placed or fixed, and over that a of everything connected with the lowering and order of the War Department, I make use of chamber was formed to receive air, there being a slide (lisengaging in his own hand, can stop deser. them in forming the head and front of my elontion and prevent the mischief arising from hurry gated rifle shells. I am, yours obediently,

or other means of regulating the flow of air into the

chamber. By that arrangement the perforated tile and confusion, or take advantage of the instanta.

J. NORTON. or plate became highly heated by the fire below, and neous action that such a system would afford to

Rosherville, 28th June.

the draught of the fire being inward to the kiln, the escape at the proper moment.

air would pass down through the perforations and beAs to a stopper being necessary for taking the

come still more highly heated than when in the cham. strain off the pendants when the boat is hanging Proceedings of Societies. ber above; and the heating of the air in the chamber at the davis heads, “ Nauticus" must know some

might be assisted by having perforated or other plates thing of the kind is always used to relieve the

or surfaces in the chamber, so that the air might befalls.

June 15.-Prof. J. Phillips, President, in the chair. I such means of obtaining a supply of heated air to that

come heated by passing in contact therewith. By Written correspondence must always be an un. Special General Meeting. It was resolved that class of flues, it was stated the fuel would be better satisfactory way of solving the mechanical objec. persons proposed after November 2nd, 1859, for elec; burnt and the evolution of smoke into the atmosphere tions urged in favour of rival inventions, and I tion as Non-resident Fellows of the Society should prevented. The plaintiff then described the arrangeknow I have already trespassed on your indul. pay an entrance fee of £6 8s., and an annual sub

ments by which he effected his object, and stated that gence; but if “ Nauticus," or any officer in Her scription of 1 118.6d. Ordinary General Meeting by those arrangements the perforated tiles would Majesty's service, will tell me of any position, Southwell, Notts, was elected a Fellow. The follow. become heated in passing from the chamber down. cither by day or night, from a ship at anchor or ing communications were read:-1. “ Notes on Spitz-wards through the perforated tiles into the upper part under way, from the lee or weather side, in smooth bergen." By J. Lamont, Esq. Communicated by of the furnace or fireplace, and would enter above the water or a heavy rolling sea, when a boat fitted Sir C. Lyell, v.P.G.S. 2. "Ôn the Formation of fuel therein, and thence pass into the kiln through with my plan could not safely be lowered, I will Gypsums and Dolomites.” By T. S. Hunt, Esq., of the opening, where it would meet with the products nyself attend in person, and try it against any

the Geol. Surv. Canada. Communicated by Prof. passing off from the fuel, and become ignited with osher system or invention that can be brought A. C. Ramsay, F.G.S. 3. “ On the Tertiary Deposits, them as they entered the kiln. The parts of the kiln against it for effecting a like end. It is after such

associated with Trap-rocks, in the East Indies.". By and the parts of the fireplaces or furnaces shown by times and occasions that judgment should be by the Rev. S. Hislop; and of the insects by A. and the novelty consisted in the application and ar

the Rev. S. Hislop. With descriptions of the Shells the drawings were similar to those in ordinary use, passed, and it is such practical tests that Murray, Esq. Communicated by the President. * Nauticus” should endeavour to bring about, as

rangement of the parts shown and described for well for the public good as to settle the question

admitting and heating the air. of the competing ideas of himself and

Several witnesses were examined on the part of the
June 22.- At a Special Council, his Grace the
Yours obediently,

Duke of Marlborough, President, in the chair. The plaintiff, to show the novelty of his invention, and its
C. CLIFFORD.
report of the Special Committee appointed to

infringement by the defendant. According to their examine the past accounts of the Society was read, adopted had been, by producing a more perfect com.

testimony the effect of the invention when it had been Temple, June 20, 1859.

received, and confirmed. It was moved by the Hon. bustion, to abolish smoke, and so to do away with the

Col. Hood, and seconded by Lord Berners, “That nuisance which was formerly caused by the Pottery RIFLES FOR VOLUNTEER CORPS. Mr. Hudson be dismissed from the office of Secretary.” Works. MECHANICS' MAGAZINE."

On the motion of Mr. Brandreth, seconded by Col. GENTLEMEN, -At a numerous meeting held by Challaneti ito mwist inesoredbe Presiden

Committee ebe called, who did not deny that by the plaintiff's method the gentry of Sussex at the Hayward-heatis appointedu.consisting of the President, Vice-presi: smoke was prevented; but they said there was no station, on the 22nd inst., Lieutenant Busk, of Council:--the Hon. Col. Hood, Kr. Barnett, Mr. novelty in his invention, and that the samne arrangethe Victoria Rifle Corps, read a most lucid paper Jonas Webb, Mr. Wren Hoskyns, Mr. Torr, Mr. Ferguson's patent of 1853, which had been abandoned. on the properties of the rifle, which was received Fisher Hobbs, Mr. Milward, Mr. Brandreth Gibbs, They also went so far as to say that even with the old with reiterated plaudits, and most deservedly so. I had the happiness to be present, and can safely tion and report to the next general Council what in Staffordshire kiln it entirely depended on the fireman

whether or not there should be any smoke. say that the enthusiasm manifested by the gentle - their opinion should be the general and particular

Mr. Knowles and Mr. Bovill having addressed the men composing the meeting will find an echo duties of the secretary and the mode of his appointthroughont all England. "The choice of the ment.”... Col. Challoner, Chairman of the Implement jury for their respective clients, Committee, presented the report recommending the

The learned Judge summed up, and said there were "proper rifle for volunteers is now a matter for judges of implements for the Warwick Show. Mr. two points for the consideration of the jury--first, grave consideration. I do not hesitate to prefer | Milward, Chairman of the Live Stock Judges Com. whether the defendant had infringed the plaintiff's the Lancaster muzzle-loader to the Enfield. Amittee, presented the report recommending the patent; and secondly, whether the plaintiff's invenmost clear description of the practical results of judges of live stock, cheese, and wool. These reports tion was new, Both those questions would require to both weapons, as evinced from their use in the were received and confirmed. Mr. H. S. Thompson, be answered by the jury. The first question, in fact, late war in India, appeared recently in the Times. Chairman of the Journal Committee, reported the involved the second." The plaintiff's patent

was not It was written, I believe, by Sergeant Sturrock, of recommendation that the Prize of 25 Sovereigns for for one machine, or a single arrangement, but for a

combination. There was no doubt that the defendant the Royal Engineers, than whom a more perfect master on the subject of the rifle, and its now

* Described and illustrated in our last number.- had not used all the combination put forward by tho EDS, M. M.

plaintiff, but it was alleged by the plaintiff that the

ROYAL AGRICULTURAL OF ENGLAXD.

TO THE EDITORS OF THE “

you

defendant had used a portion of the combination, and year 1858 has been published. It shows that of 60. he had to tell them that in point of law, that might vereigns there were coined 803,234, representing, of

Patents for Inventions. be the case if the part of the combination was new course, an equal value ; of half-sovereigns, 856,578, and material. If the defendant had used an im. value, £127,789 58. 9d. ; where the 6s. and 9d. are ABRIDGED SPECIFICATIONS OF PATENTS. material part of the combination, then the defendant here obtained to us, however, does not appear; of had not infringed the patent; if he had used that florins, 2,239,380 — value, £223,938 ; of shillings, Tux abridged Specifications of Patents given below are which was not new, it was no infringement of the 3,108,600—value, £155,430; of sixpence, 1,933,490 classified, according to the subjects to which the respective patent. The jury must be satisfied that the defendant value, £48,312; of groats, nil; of threepences, Classification adopted, the numerical and chronological had used a part of the combination which was in. 1,415,928—value, £18,074 2s.; of Maundy monies, order of the specifications is preserved, and combined with vented by the plaintiff, and which was new and consisting of silver fourpences, threeponces, twopences, all the advantages of a division into classes. It should be material. The learned judge then proceeded to read and pence, and distributed by Her Majesty's almoner understood that these abridgements are prepared exclu, over the whole of the mass of evidence. Mr. Carp- on Maundy Thursday to certain pensioners at the sively for this Magazine from otficial copies supplied by the waael had stated that, in his opinion, it was impossible Almonry, Westminster, 20,988; value, £193 11s. 6d.

Government, and are therefore the property of the proprie

tors of this Magazine. Other papers are hereby warned not for the old Staffordshire kilnoto consume the smoke, of copper monies, there were struck, of penco,

to produce them without acknowledgement: and yet there were three witnesses who had tried the 1,559,010.--value, £6,498 ; of halfpence, 2,472,960 STEAM Engin ES, &c., 2624, 2625, 2654. esperiment, and they positively swore that it did value, £5,152; of farthings neglected farthings, BOILERS AND THEIn Furnaces, 2641. consume the smoke. That was a fact against scientific 1,720,320_value, £1,792. In addition to these items, Roads and VEHICLES, including railway plant and caropinion. The plaintiff appeared to put great stress and which do not figure in the return alluded to, we riages, saddlery and harness, &c., 2597, 2005, 2637. on the perforated tiles, and those the defendant had

are in a position to state that the Mint produced Surs and Boats, including their fittings, 2596, 2627. not used. during the last year 16,000 Persian, Indian, and

CULTIVATION OF THE SOIL, including agricultural and hor

tieultural implements and machines, 2607, 2635. The jury retired for some time, and then said the Kaffir medals, and rather over four millions of 20- Food AND BEVERAGES, including apparatus for preparing defendant had infringed the patent, but that the cent., 10-cent., 5.cent. silver and one cent. bronze food for men and animals. None. combinations used by the defondant were not new. coins for Canada. In another part of our journal will Fibrous Faerice, including machinery for treating fibres, The Judge: Then this is a verdict for the defen- be found a note on the workings of the Mint at pre

pulp, paper, &c., 2599, 2603, 2606, 2611, 2012, 2014, 2618.

BUILDINGS AND BUILDING MATERIALS, including sewers, dant. sent. All tends to prove that that place requires ex.

drain-pipes, brick and tile machines, &c. None. panding if it is to keep pace with the demands made

LIGHTING, HEATING, AND VENTILATING, 2004, 2613, 2632. Our XXeekly Gossip.

upon it. Why not have a second exclusively copper PURNITURE AND APPARXL, including household utensils, mint, like Calcutta is doing?

time-keepers, jewellery, musical instruments, &c., 2593, B.

2608, 2009, 2015, 2623. We have frequently given a word of commendation member some particulars were given in July and METAIS, including apparatus for their manufacture. None. to the Photographic News, and hnd both hoped and August, 1854, relative to my discovery for purifying CHEMISTRY, AND PHOTOGRAPHY, 2000,

2622. heard that its success as an organ of photographic iron. I have not till recently had an opportunity to WARFARE, 2619, 2631, 2633. science and art was assured. We now fear, however, make further trials at the Monkbridge Works, Leeds LETTER Press Prestixo &c. None. that it must be otherwise. We judge so from the (Messrs. Jas. Kitson and Sons); but I now hand MISCELLANEOUS, 2610, 2013, 2017, 2018, 2620, 2621, 2627, fact that its managers are beginning to nibble at sub- the results of some experiments there in the puddle

2628, 2629, 2630, 2636, 2638, 2639. jeets on which it has not the shadow of a claim to furnace. The effect produced on the metal appears speak, and which its title in no way includes—a sure astonishing. Part of the experiment No. 2 was made

2596. H. Douglas. Improvements in screto propellers.

Dated Nov. 17, 1858. sign, we presume, of a want of success in its own

into and fin. rods, and submitted to most severe Here the inventor forms the advance edge of the propelsphere. For example, in its last number the greater tests

, by bending, twisting, and tying into the treble ler blades of a convex curved form so that the curve of part of a page is devoted to gossiping remarks on a knot, all of which it stood without the lenst detection, the edge of the blade at the extreme end or periphery will method of ventilating public buildings

, and especially and it was pronounced fully equal to the wellknown be in the rear (as regards its position in the screw) of the hospitals a pretty topic for elaborate treatment in a " Photographic" journal! With how little sense the struck vibrates liko steel, thereby showing its purity water. The leading edges of the propeller blades are make S. G. The metal made by this process when inner termination of the curve, or that next

the centres the subject is treated may be inferred from the fact that and strength. For rails, electric wire, springs, sharpened or serrated so as to clear the propeller from while the person of the inventor himself is minutely chain cables, and indeed for all work requiring cordage,

&c. Patent abandoned. described, not a word affording any clue to the nature good, sound, and pure metal, I think this make (A communication.) Dated November 17, 1858.

2597. W. CLARK. An improred bit or bridle for horses. of the invention itself is given. We venture to re. will prove invaluable, and be an ultimate saving commend "Photography," rather than “Ventilation" of 16 to 25 per cent., from its superior tenacity spoonbills or blades, which, by suitable reins, will approach

This bit is composed of a system of lovers terminated by to the attention of the editor. This week's Number of All the Year Round contrade, I labour under every disadvantage, in not being tion, and thus compel him to obey: Patent and durability. Not being practically engaged in the and close the nostrils of the horse and suspend his respira

bandoned. tains an article entitled "Change for Nuggets," able fully to carry out the required experiments in the

2598. S. RILEY. Improvements in the manufacture of upon the processes of money-making at the Royal puddle and blast-furnace, and also in the make of hats, bonnets, and caps. Dated November 18, 1858. Mint. The account which it gives of the several pro- steel, but I am willing to treat with any respectable material to any part of the body or brim, either outside cesses is, as might be expected, very meagre, as com- firm for that purpose, and call the attention of the or inside of either hats, caps, or bonnets. Patent compared with the elaborate articles on this interesting trade to the following particulars, being convinced picted. topic now in course of publication by ourselves. This that my invention will prove the most important

2599. C. COWPER. Improvements in assorting and sepawill be seen on comparing the following description discovery of our time, should its further development rating combed fibres, and in machinery for that purpose. of the weighing-room with the account of the same carry out the facts which the specimens indicate." | (4 communication) Dated November 18, 1858.

This invention is similar to those formerly patented by apartment given in our last number. The close re. We do not think it necessary to publish the results of Mr. De Jongh. The present invention, however, is adapted semblance between some of the reflections in this experiments.

for operating on fibres, when in the form of a sliver or week's article of all the Year Round and our last

band, instead of being in separate stricks or bundles. One week's article will also be apparent. The writer

CAPTAIN Kerastor's DISENGAGING HOOK3.- or more slivers of combed fibres are fed into the assorting saya : " From the noise and clatter of the cutting The United Service Gazette says : -" The Cadmus, parchipine bolero

cedince her parest her wampared delive grilleri room I was conducted to the elegant calmness of the 21, screw, Captain IIillyar, made a trial trip outside libres, so that their projecting ends may be lashed into a weighing-room, a department handsomely fitted up, Plymouth Sound on Monday. Her engines, which travelling comb, where the ends of the fibres so lashed and looking like a show-room for elaborate chro

are by Penn, worked admirably, and the speed ob. are held by a suitable apparatus, so that, by the back monometers. Here is performed one of the most inte tained was 11 knots. The first cutter fitted with tion of the feeding apparatus, the fibres so held or nipped resting and delicate operations throughout the whole Kynaston's life-hooks was lowered while the ship was

shall be drawn through the teeth of the feeding apparatus Mint. Upon the counter, on ornamental iron stands, going nine knots, having besides her proper crew, comb. The travelling comb or holding surface will then

and detached from the sliver and left in the travelling is a silent council of thirteen automaton balances, Admiral Kingcome, and Mr. Ward, Assistant to the carry forward such detached fibres, the projecting ends of who pass judgment, individually, upon the work in Chief Engineer at Keyham; and subsequently when which should be supported and held up in their proper the foregoing departments, and decide with unerring going ten knots, the other cutter with two lieutenants position by suitable holders or guiders, until the needles of exactness upon the weight of the golden dumps. and some young ladies, in all sixteen persons. The

one or more travelling combs working parallel to, and at These automaton judges sit under glass cases, to pre process of disengaging was so simple and easy, that jecting ends of the fibres, so as to leave projecting beyond

the same speed as, the first-mentioned one, enter the proserve them from damp and dust, and they have the the party could scarcely believe they were clear of the

the outermost travelling comb a length of the said fibres appearance of being a row of French skeleton clocks. ship until they saw her a hundred yards away from sufficient to be taken hold of by the first drawing-off or The golden dumps that are passed into the weighing. them. The Cadmus sailed on Wednesday for the nipping apparatus, after which, as the travelling combs go room, still looking like the aforesaid Irishman's brass Mediterranean. The Curacon, 31, screw, Captain forward, the outermost travelling comb goes away from button, are distributed amongst the balances, passing Mason, at Plymouth,

has had her quarter-boats fitted and leaves the fibres, and so presents a fresh projecting end down a receiving slide on to a strip of steel. This with Kynaston's lifo-hooks, in lieu of the patent boat teaching to be sa kemp

holda omaand drawn off by a second strip of steel is made to advance and recede at certain lowering gear previously in use."

the first-mentioned travelling holding comb, into which intervals, perhaps of a quarter of a minute, and at

the fibres were lashed, and so on for each travelling comb, each advance it pushes a blank on to a beautifully

NOTICES.

of which there may be one, two, or more, till the shortest poised scale table, sensitive to the slightest variations

fibres are drawn off from the first travelling holding comb. of weight. For a few seconds the machine appears The letters of Mr. Baker (Inland Revenue Department),

Patent completed. to reflect, and then the golden dump is gently pushed and of Mr. J. P. Drake, are unavoidably left over until

2600. E. BRIOLLET. The obtaining of caloric by a new

chemical and mechanical process. (8 communication.) of the scale by the arrival of another piece on the next week, as are the notices of several publications also. Dated Nov. 18, 1858. steel slide for judgment. The first, if "heavy," dis- The MECHANICS' MAGAZINE will be sent free by post to This invention is not described apart from the drawings. appears down the outer one of three flattened tubes; all subscribers of £1 Is. 8d., annually, payable in adrance. Patent completed. it " light," down the inner one; and, if quite correct Post Office Orders to be made payable to R. A. Brooman, at 2601. Sık c. T. BRIGHT. Improvements in insulators, in weight, down the centre compartment." By careful the Post Office, Fleet Street, London, E.C.

and an improved mode of connecting insulators to posts manipulation much of the work is now made to fall

TO ADVERTISERS.

and other supports. Dated Nov. 18, 1858.

This invention was described and illustrated at page 364, in the medium boxes, thereby effecting much saving All Advertisements occupying less than half-a-column No. 23, of the MECHANICS' MAGAZINE (New Sories). Patent in the annual expenses of the Mint-a reform that is are charged at the rate of 5d. per line for any number of completed. attributable to the present working master and his insertions less than 13; for 13 insertions, 42. per line; and 2002. J. and II. SHARP. Improvements in Jacquard superintendents."

machines employed in weaving. Dated Nov. 18, 1858. The Government return of“ gold, silver, and coppor two. Wood-cuts are charged at the same rate as type” for oscillating

motion thereof required in jacquard machinery, Each line consists of 10 words, the first line counting as This relates to working the cylinders or producing the monies of the realm " struck at the Mint during the the space occupied.

and the improvemcuts consist in causing the cylinder to beat up the cards thereon, to act upon the needles at such 2613. G. Howe and J. NORTON. An improved method steam passages or chambers by means of yielding or extime only as they are free to move, or when the "grifes of boiling water or worts for breweries, distilleries, fo., pansible joints. Patent completed. or lifters have not hold of the hooks. Patent abandoned. by steam, or for heating rooms, public buildings, churches, 2621. H. BAILEY. Improvements in heating rasors. 2603. H. STOTT. Improvements in warping mills, or ap- chapels, factories, 8c. Dated November 19, 1858.

Dated Nov. 19, 1858. paratus connected therewith. Dated Nov. 18, 1858.

The patentees fix their apparatus to any ordinary boiler, This consists in inserting the razors in a tube, in which This consists in the use of a heck or apparatus for sepa- by attaching an outlet-pipe to the same, with taps and the heat of a small night-light or flame passes when they rating or taking the lays" at the tail end of the warp. valves, which pipe connects the water or steam with a are to be heated for shaving. Patent completed. It is formed similar to the heck now in use for taking the coil pipe, which coil pipe is introduced into a boiling pan 2622. W. CLARK. Improvements in purifying natural lays at the head end of the warp, but instead of having or vat, thereby causing the liquid in the pan or vat to boil phosphates of lime. (A communication). Dated Nov. 19, eyes or holes for the threads to pass through, forks or slots quickly. The pipe is then carried from the pan or vat into 1858, open at the top, so that the separate lays can be lifted out the boiler, thereby returning any condensed or waste steam. This relates to a former patent, dated 25th Sept., 1858. at the openings thereof, are employed. Patent completed. Patent completed.

For quickening the decomposition of the carbonate of lime, 2604. J. LESLIE. Improvements in the manufacture of

2614. S. C. and J. LEACH. Certain improvements in the instead of utilizing the action only of but one chemical gas. Dated November 18, 1858. This consists in subjecting mineral bituminous matters

construction of " self-acting temples," to be employed in affinity, two chemical affinities are here developed, which to distillation at low temperatures to obtain the products looms for wearing. Dated November 19, 1858.

act in the same manner for producing a similar decomposidistilled over in a condensed liquid form, and then to sub

This consists in the use of wooden rollers revolving upon tion of carbonate of lime. Patent completed.
an axis, each furnished with pins or points, and with guards

2623. A. FELTON. Improvements in fastening buttons ject such : liquids to processes of purification, in order to fix or remove the ammonia, sulphur, &c., and then to sub- temples are mounted at each end of a horizontal bar, which or covers moving upon the same axis. These rollers or and studs to dress and other articles. Dated Nov. 19,

1858. ject the purified liquids to destructive distillation, by which extends across the loom (its upper surface being level with

This consists in securing the buttons, studs, &c., by a a very pure gas is obtained. Patent completed. 2605. J. OAKES. Improvements in the manufacture of middle of its length to be adjustable to the width of the the peripheries of the temples), and is jointed near the hollow stem projected through the substance to which it is

to be fastened, and the edge turned down and spread out spurs. Dated November 18, 1858. This consists in manufacturing spurs by striking or loom, and also at each end for the adjustment of the tem

in the form of a lip or flange, and in the manner of forming stamping them into form in suitable dies. Patent completed. brackets, so that it may vibrate laterally upon such ples. The horizontal bar is riveted or hinge-jointed upon

eyelets. Patent abandoned.'

2624 J. E. F. LUEDEKE. Improvements in motive 2005. J. M. MILLER and J. FEAR. Improvements in mabrackets, which are secured to the framing of the loom.

power-engines. Dated Nov, 19, 1858. chinery for winding fibrous substances or materials when in The fabric is distended between the temples, and bears

Here the inventor employs the power of magnetism to the form of thread or yarn, on to the bobbins or wheels used in lace machinery. Dated November 18, 1858.

upon the upper surface of the bar, which has the effect of sustain a column or columns of Auid in a chamber or The object here is to enable a number of bobbins or reels

distending the fabric in a direct line across the loom, and chambers, and above its natural level in a reservoir below. to be wound at one time independently of each other of preventing the usual curving thereof, as when any un.

Patent abandoned. even strain is exerted upon the fabric, the temples and bar

2625. W. MARSHALL. Improvements in steam engines. under the superintendence of one person, so that each may be equally filled, that the thread or yarn may be kept fabric. Patent abandoned. move laterally, and thereby equalize the tension of the

Dated Nov. 19, 1858.

According to this invention, as applied for marine pursteady while being wound on, and be readily cut, and that the reel may be prevented from overrunning. The

2615. J. Edwards. Improvements in the manufacture and small inverted steam cylinder disposed in line athwart

poses in screw propelling, cach engine consists of a large patentees employ a revolving knife for cutting the thread, of trouser buttons. Dated November 19, 1858. &c., at the proper time. They prevent overrunning by

This relates to the use of prepared paper, &c., to the

ship. The larger cylinder is inverted upon the top of an effecting the stoppage of the reel by pressure on the reel manufacture of trouser buttons, so arranged as to form the

open supporting frame, the connecting rod working down itself wicn the thread, &c., is cut or broken, and they keep front of the buttons, or placed between the back and front

direct to the crank or screw propeller shaft. To the piston the thread, &c., in a constant state of tension, steady after the front has been ornamented by piercing, so as to

rod joint there is also connected the inner end of a horiit and prevent vibration by a peculiar contrivance. We allow the paper to show through the opening, and for

zontal lever working upon a fixed centre, the other end of

such lever being jointed to the top of a connecting rod cannot afford space for the details of the invention. Patent colouring the same in the way that steel pens are coloured.

working the air-pump bucket or piston. The air pump is Patent abandoned. completed.

disposed on the engine sole plate, or foundation to one side 2607. D. STOTEN. Improvements in ploughshares. Dated 2016. W. HANCOCK. Improvements in the manufacture of the keel line of the ship, and directly above it is placed November 18, 1858.

of electric telegraph wires and cables. Dated Nov. 19, 1858. the emall inverted steam cylinder carried on a suitable open This consists in the application of hardened steel to the

This consists in the use, as an insulating material, of a frame or pedestal. The piston rod of this smaller cylinder points of ploughshares. Patent abandoned.

compound composed of gutta-percha, or india-rubber, of a is connected to the air-pump lever beneath, so that the 2608. E. T. ÄRCHER. Improvements in hot ventilators, shellac, resin, Venice turpentine, &c. Also, in the pre- piston moves in concert with the air-pump bucket. The and appliances connected therewith. Dated Nov. 18, 1858. paration of the conducting wire by passing it through a steam at its normal pressure is primarily supplied to the

This consists in a method of making and fixing a brass cement composed of asphalte or bitumen, and Venice smaller or high-pressure steam cylinder, and it is then ex. ventilator in hats, in connection with which is a steel turpentine, either with or without the addition of shellac, ported into the larger one in the usual manner of doublespring for holding railway tickets, cards, &c. Patent resin, &c.' Patent completed.

cylinder expansive engines. There are modifications incompleted.

2617. C. F. Vasserot. An improved apparatus for con- cluded. Patent completed. 2609. B. RIDER. Improvements in ventilating hats and densing and cooling vapours and liquids. (A communica- 2626. J. H. Johnson. Improvements in the construction caps, and in the preparation or manufacture of the ma- tion.) Dated November 19, 1858.

of telegraph cables or conductors. (A communication.) terial of which those articles are made. Dated November This consiste of a cylindrical vessel divided into two por- Dated Nov. 19, 1858. 18, 1858.

tions, an inner and an outer, cach possessing nearly the This consists in covering the conductors with plaited, This consists in ventilating hats, &c., by perforating the same sectional area. A pair of copper sheets is placed braided, or interwoven strands of hemp, flax, &c. Patent bodies before the silk or other covering is applied. The parallel, having a small space between their surfaces; these completed. covering hides the perforations, but permits of the pas- sheets are then wound spirally within the outer portion of 2627. A. J. THORMAX. Improvements in chain cables and sage of air. It also consists in combining with paper, while the cylindrical vessel. At one extremity of Le said vessel chains, Dated November 19, 1858. in a state of pulp, long fibres of any fibrous material, or is a series of tubes, cominunicating at one end with the This invention is not described apart from the drawings. fibres or threads of cork for the production of material for the spaces between each of the convolutions of the copper Patent completed. manufacture of hats, &c. Patent completed.

plates, and with their other ends terminating in a vessel of 2625. J. Èaston, sen., and C. E. Amos. Improved appa2010. P., E., and J. MARCHAND. A new process for re- cold water, which is applied for the condensing purpose. ratus applicable to drains, sewers, and water-courses for fining lamp oil. Dated November 19, 1858.

Another vessel serves to receive the condensed liquid. A the purpose of removing ertraneous solid matters thereThe inventors take ten hectolitres of the oil of sessame, similar arrangement of tubes and vessels is placed at the from. Dated November 19, 1858. or linseed, or any other sort, which, being clarified, is other extremity of the apparatus, the tubes serving to This invention was described at page 363, No. 23 of the poured into a boiler heated by steam or hot water. When carry off the water which has condensed or cooled the MECHANICS' MAGAZINE (New Series). Patent completed. heated to 75°, 5 per cent. of alkali at 28°, mixed with one- liquid, and the vessels to receive the fluid to be condensed 2629. A. V. Newton. Improved apparatus for transthird of salt, is poured in, and a pale oil, without smell or and to distribute it between the surfaces of the coppermitting motive power. (A communication.) Dated Nov. taste, is the result. This oil is next mixed with a certain plates. Patent abandoned.

19, 1858. quantity of waste or cake of native rape seed, turnip seed, 2618. H. H. Henson. Improvements in waterproofing This relates to the use of a peculiar arrangement of or mustard seed of China, the whole put under the fabrics or materials. Dated November 19, 1858.

balance or fly-wheel and cranks for transmitting motion in stompers, and subsequently submitted to the hydraulic This relates to a former patent, and consists in the use machinery, and rendering the momentum of the fly-wheel press. The oil thus produced is boiled with per cent. of in connection with any fabric treated with adhesive mate- more effective in carrying the cranks past their dead points sulphuric acid and 10 per cent. of water; and, after being rials of solutions of chloride of zinc, a mixture of solutions than when a wheel is applied in the ordinary manner in left to stand, is passed through a filter of charcoal or saw- of hydrated protoxide of lead, and sulphate or acetate of combination with cranks, whereby, in connection with the dust. Patent abandoned.

alumina, or both, or any soluble salt of alumina, or a mix- use of a load at one point in the periphery of the wheel, 2611. J. Browx. Certain improvements in index and ture of a solution of silicate of soda, or silicate of potash the centrifugal force generated in the wheel is rendered Jacquard machines. Dated November 19, 1858.

and hydrated oxide of lead, or a mixture of solutions of available as motive power. The invention is not described The object here is to dispense with the weights and nitrate of lead, acetate of lead, and sulphate of alumina, apart from the drawings. Patent completed, springs in index and Jacquard machines to draw down the or soda, alum, manganese, or any of the double sulphates, 2630. T. S. CRESSEY. Improvements in machinery used hcalds or harness. For this purpose the inventors make or the elements or equivalents thereof, for rendering fabrics in the manufacture of casks. Dated Nov. 19, 1858. use of two grifes, one of which raises the hooks up and surface water-proof by immersion, pressure, or exhaustion. To cut the edges of a stave to the proper curve and the other depresses them. These grifes act upon a double Patent compicted.

bevil, a circular saw-bench is used, on which a bar is fixed hook of an improved shape, or upon two hooks of the 2019. W. RamsCar AND J. G. Scort. Improvements in longitudinally, and to this bar is applied a flexible template usual shape : the hooks are connected to top and bottom fire-arms. Dated November 19, 1858.

of steel by screws and nuts, so as to admit of the flexible jacks. It also consists in a mode of turning round the Here the patentees bore the brecch end of the barrel so template being varied in its curvature to sait the size and Jacquard cylinder. To the Jacquard cylinder is fixed a as to admit a metal case for holding the charge, or to admit make of cask desired. The wood for making a stave is bevil-wheel, gearing into another bevil-wheel, loose on a any prepared cartridge having its exterior of the same size fixed on a carriage, which is caused to move past the cirshaft, which is driven by the orank.shaft or tappet-shaft and shape as the metal case, which latter is furnished with cular saw. This carriage has an arm at cach end, to each of the loom. This wheel has catches taking into a catch- a nipple for percussion caps, and the cartridge with a pin of which a roller or truck is applied, which comes against box fixed on the said shaft, and sufficient play is left be- communicating with the explosive compound. Or they the flexible template as the carriage is moved past the circular tween the catches to allow the cylinder to be moved from make the breech of the same diameter as the barrel, with- saw. The upper surface of the carriage is hinged at its inner the needles before it is turned round. There are modifica- out any recess, so that the cartridge may, go with the edge to the bed-plate or frame of the carriage so that it may tions included. Patent abandoned.

charge. The case or cartridge is kept in its place by a drop- be made to assume an inclined position according to the 2012. W. S. HAYWARD. Improvements in the mini- lid turning upon a joint at the side, and held when re- degree of bevil desired to be given to the edge of a stave, facture of a glutinous and viscous substance or dertrine to be quired by a locker. In the lid there is a moveable plug and the degree of inclination of the upper surface of the used in the manufacture of paper, and in dressing textile furnished with a spring,

one end of the plug corresponding carriage is adjusted by a wedge-formed gauge, which is fabrics, by which greater tenaciousness, smoothness of with the nipple, or pin, and the other with the hammer. graduated for different sizes of casks; and according as surface and body are obtained. Dated November 19, 1858. They raise the lid by hand, or cause it to be acted upon by such guage is passed more or less under the upper surface

Here the patentee first subjects the starch to the action one or more springs, so that it may be listed immediately of the carriage in which the wood for a stave is fixed, so of a weak solution of nitric or nitro-sulphuric acid, sprink. after the piece has been fired. When the piece is at full will be the degree of bevil produced on the wood when it ling the latter over it; the strength of this solution will cock, and the drop-lid pulled back, the case or cartridge has been moved past the circular saw. The wood is held vary and depend upon the quality of the starch used; can be placed in or withdrawn from the recess with great in the upper surface of the carriage by its ends in any generally a useful preparation will be one of acid to 25 of facility." When the charged case with its nipple, covered suitable way, and it is correctly placed in the carriage by water, and the quantity of solution used may be about an with a cap, is placed in the recess, and the drop-lid locked, the aid of an adjustable stop or stops on the saw-bench, eighth or tenth of the mass of starch operated upon. Но the piece is ready for firing, the hammer striking the plug, and a spring and adjusting frame on the upper surface of then subjects the whole mass to the action of heat, and which acts on the percussion cap, or upon the pin when the the carriage. Patent completed. this preferably by an arrangement so that an equable prepared cartridge is used instead of the case. Patent 2631. R. Warny. Loading cannon at the breech. Dated tempertaure may be maintained, as by a sand, air, or steam completed.

Nov. 20, 1858. bath. He continues the action of the bath until the liquor 2620. E. A. PONTIFEX. Improvements in external sur. Here the cannon is cast solid and bored from muzzle to is evaporated, and so long as no change takes place in the face condensers. Dated Nov. 19, 1858.

breech through the cascable. Midway between the cascolour of the resulting product. He then removes it, and This consists in fixing the transverse tubes in surface cable and trunnions is a conical cylindrical plug or tumbler grinds it down to a powder. Patent completed.

condensers at one end only, and in uniting the tubes to the which is fastened to the left side of the gun by a steel plate, through which and the whole breech of the gun worked by a winch, &c., actuated by the guard, who, when 1413. M. H. Picciotto, of Finsbury-circus, Merchant. this tumbler revolves, having a quarter turn by means of a wishing to stop the carriage, lowers the brake frame on the Improvements in apparatus for producing or obtaining lover; the shoulder and screw inside prevent it moving rails so that the beams descend on the rails, and travel motive power. to either side. It has an angle protruding through the thereon on rollers, or small wheels fitted thereto, which

Dated June 11, 1859. steel plate to which the lever is affixed; the quarter turn are furnished with flanges, and turn on double axles in the 1414. W. Donbavand, of Manchester, Scale-beam Maker, will either bring up the hollow side of the tumbler, which beams. When the frame thus rests on the rails its move and D. Crichton, of the same place, Machinist. Improvethen forms and has all the resisting power of a breech, or ment of descent brings a number of inclined planes under ments in looms for weaving. leave the gun entirely open. The charge is introduced by the wheels of the carriage on which the wheels mount, and 1415. J. James, of Lambeth, Engineer. Improvements the hand, and then placed beyond the tumbler by a flanged so raise the said carriage. The carriage suspended thus on in obtaining and applying motive power. ramrod ; this completed, the lever in the act of shutting the frame will be rolled on the rail, and stops without 1416. F. Palling, of Lambeth, Clerk. Improvements the breech has also the power of cutting the cartridge end shock. Patent completed.

in the construction of lamps for the purpose of burning by means of the tumbler, and introduces the powder to the 2638. W. LEA. À method of lubricating cocks and taps. tallow, grease, or oils, either singly or in combination. nipple, which is placed above the breech on the right hand Dated November 20, 1858.

1417. T. F. Henley, of Pimlico. Improvements in obtainside. The scrow in the steel plate has the effect of caring This consists in lubricating the plugs both above and ing alcohol or spirit from rice and other grain, and in apthe revolution of the tumbler, as in the opening of the gun below, or either above and below the liquid way through paratus for that purpose. it brings the tumbler slightly out of its bedding from right one or more apertures made in the barrel above and below 1418. H. J. Nicoll, Merchant Tailor, of Regent-st. Imto left, which in shutting the tumbler it wholly recovers, the liquid way, or either above

or below it, which apertures provements

in trowsers. thereby ensuring the tightness of the tumbler' or brecch open into a reservoir formed on the outside of the barrel, 1419. A. V. Newton, of Chancery-lane. An improveduring explosion. An oil bole is introduced at the left which reservoir is to be kept supplied with oil, or other ment in fire-arms. A communication from C. T. Pierson. rear corner of the breech from the surface, for oiling the lubricating material, and is closed at top by a screw, or 1420. F. A. R de Beauregard, of Paris, Civil Engineer. tumbler on the bottom side, and which prevents friction other stopper. Patent completed.

Certain improvements in generating steam, and in apand assists in loading. The whole breech of the gun from 2639. R. A. BROOMAX. Improvements in the manufac paratus for obtaining power and in generating steam for the trunnions is square-shouldered outside. The bore from ture of dolls, statuettes, figures of animals, and others, and other purposes. cascable to the length of the charge in front of the tumbler toys. (A communication) Dated November 20, 1858. 1421. G. C. Ash, of Hampstoad. Improvements in the is a shade larger than the bore of the fore-reach of the gun This consists in forining dolls and other figures in vulcan- manufacture of artificial teeth. to admit the charge easily. Patent abandoned. ized caoutchouc, as follows:-A metal mould of the ob

Dated June 13, 1859. 2632. J. WADSWORTH. Improvements in gas-burners,ject to be formed is suitably prepared, and a hermetically

1422. B. Baugh, of Birmingham, manager. Certain imand in the means or methods of, and in apparatus for, closed ball of caoutchouc is placed in the mould, and tho

provements in apparatus or machinery for raising metals. moderating, or retarding, or gocerning the flow and pres- parts thereof locked. Thus prepared, the mould is plunged gure of ges used for illumination, and in street lamps or into the hot vulcanising composition. During this opera

1423. H. L. Corlett, of Inchicore, Dublin, Enginecr. Imlanterns for shielding flame from the action of wind and tion the air inside the caoutchouc ball is expanded by the

provements in rails, and the permanent way of railways, rain. Dated Nov. 20, 1858. heat, and forces the caoutchouc against and into the sides of parts of such improvements being applicable to comnion

roads. This consists in constructing an apparatus so that the the mould, and makes it assume the interior shape and current of gas before issuing from the burner may have its form thereof, which form it will preserve after being re

1494. O. Maggs, of Bourton, Dorset. Improvements in velocity retarded by passing through a tortuous passage. moved from the mould. It also consists on forming diffe

washing machines. It consists also in the use for retarding the velocity of the rent parts of the figure in separnte moulds, and in inserting

1425. A. Smith, of Brixton. Improvements in bleaching

and purifying bees' wax. gas, of a button or mushroom-shaped stud or deflector, articulated, wooden, or metal limbs, with the joints placed supported only by its stalk or central stem, and not touch- so as to allow the figure to bend at the knees, elbows, &c.

1426. C. N. Kottula, of Liverpool, Soap Manufacturer. A means of

cleansing or purifying the “ Thames." ing the internal surface of the pipe or cavity which contains Patent abandoned. it. It also consists in the use of the said button or mush

1427. J. T. Smets, of Plaçainen, France, Distiller. Ime

provements in the manufacture of vinegar from grain and room-shaped deflector as a substitute for a small disc or PROVISIONAL PROTECTIONS.

other vegetable products containing saccharinę matter, and plate of metal placed transversely across, and dividing an expansion chamber used for rarefying and expanding the

Dated March 18, 1859.

from a refusc product obtained in the manufacture of gas, and for raising the temperature thereof.

starch ; also in apparatuses employed therein. Patent 686. F. Potts, Tube Manufacturer, of Birmingham. A completed. combined metallic support and label for training, support in the fitting of life and other boats. A communication

1428. A. V. Newton, of Chancery-lane. Improvements 2633. C. F. VASSEROT. Improrements in fire-arms and ing, removing, and transplanting flowers or trees, in gar

from M. Ludlum. ordnance, and in the projectiles to be used therewith. (A dens or green or hothouses or for other horticultural pur

1429. W. E. Newton, of Chancery-lane. Improvements communication.) Dated November 20, 1858.

poses. This method of constructing cannon consists in, 1, a base

Dated May 31, 1859.

in the manufacture of piled fabrics, and in the machinery

employed in such manufacture. A communication from of cast iron, steel, or wrought iron. 2. A case of metal 1339. W. Smith, of Salisbury-street, Adelphi. Apparatus

c. Miller. composition composed of 90 parts copper, 9 parts tin, and for raising and docking ships, and other similar purposes.

Dated June 14, 1859. I part lead, cast round the base. 3. Iwo or more layers A communication from J. W. Nystrom. of bands or hoops of wrought iron enclosing the above

1430. G. Smith, of Newington. Improvements in hat. Dated June 1, 1859.

bands. united inetals. The hoops are formed with a male and

1350. G. H. and H. R. Cottam, of Old Saint Pancrasfemale screw, and screw one into the other so as to form a

1431. W. Brown, jun., of Selkirk, Manufacturer, and s. perfect cylinder; they are put on to the gun when exroad. Improvements in stable fittings.

Bathgate, of the same place, Engineer. Improvements in panded by heat. Patent completed.

Dated June 6, 1859.

machinery or apparatus for carding and treating or pre2634, D. Rowan and S. ROBERTSON. Improvements in

1381. T. Hyland, of Manchester, Manufacturing Chemist. paring fibrous materials. steam engines. Dated November 20, 1858.

Improvements in the manufacture of gum or dextrine, and 1432. J. Dixon, of Bishopwearmouth, Durham, Enginoer. An engine, or a set of engines, constructed according to their compounds, from starch.

Improvements in puddling steel. a portion of this invention comprises one or more duplex

1383. J. Ferrabee, of Stroud, Engineer. Improved ma- 1433. J. Cowan, of Barnes, Soap Manufacturer. An imcylinders. Each duplex cylinder consists of an outer chinery, for forming bats of fleece or sheet sliver, and also proved soap. annular cylinder combined with a central cylinder or for folding cloth and other fabrics.

1434. J. Wansbrough, of Bridge-st., Southwark, Manueylindrical space. Pistons working in the central and

Dated June 7, 1859,

facturer, and A. Bain, of Clerkenwell-green, Telegraph Enannular cylinders are connected by their piston rods to a 1383. C. Pooley, of Manchester, Cotton Spinner. Im

gineer. Improvements in effecting communications becross head, or to the crank shaft, in such way as to work provements in machinery for preparing to spin, and for

tween parts of railway trains. together. According to one modification the supply of spinning cotton and other fibrous materials.

1435. A. MacDonald, of Manchester, Engineer. Certain steam to the cylinders is governed by a valve or valves so 1387. P. Salmon, of Glasgow, Merchant. Improvements improvements in machinery or apparatus for punching that the steam from the boiler first enters the central in valves for pumps and other uses.

patterns or devices upon metallic printing rollers or cylinder, next passes thence to the opposite end of the 1389. W. II. Dorman, of Old Broad-st., and C. Cowper, cylinders. annular cylinder, and finally passes from the annular cylin- of Southampton-buildings. Improvements in traction and

Dated June 15, 1859. der into the condenser. Another portion of the invention locomotive engines.

1436. E. J. Maumené, Professor of Chemistry, and V. relates to an arrangement of valvular mechanism specially 1391. J. Greenfield, of Oxford. Improvements in fas. Rogelet, Merchant, of Reims, France. Using the “suint," designed for application to the duplex cylinders, but also tenings for dresses and other like apparel.

or the portion soluble in water of the greasy substance applicable to other double-cylinder expansive engines. 1393. F. Muir, of Paisley, Pattern Printer. Improve- found on the skin and hair of sheep for the purpose of There are several modifications included. Patent aban- ments in ornamental or colour printing.

manufacturing potash and other products. doned.

Dated June 8, 1859.

1437. A. V. Newton, of Chancery-lane. Improvements 2635. H. ELLIS. Improvements in machinery or appa. 1395. C. de Bergue, of Dowgate-hill, Engineer. Im- in the manufacture of polishing wheels, sticks, and tools. ratus for cultivating, cleaning, and pulverizing land. provements in machinery for punching and shearing metal.

A communication from T. J. Mayall. Dated November 20,*1858.

Partly a communication from M. de Bergue. This consists of a wood or iron frame mounted upon a

Dated June 16, 1859. 1397. J. N. Royer, Tailor, of Paris. Improvements in pair of large wheels the tyres of which are provided with the manufacture of wadded or quilted fabrics, and in their

1439. J. Taylor, of Aberdeen, Joiner. Improvements in movable teeth or spikes, which are to be taken out when

planes or cutting tools for working in wood. imitation. the apparatus is travelling along roads, and inserted when 1399. C. W. Eddy, of Kegworth, Leicester, Master of

1440. S. Levy, of Manchester, Cap Manufacturer. Imin use on the land for increasing the bite of the wheels. Arts. An improvement in reaping machines.

provements

in hats, caps, or coverings for the head. A pair of ordinary draught shafts are fitted to the frame,

1401. J. E. Ashby, of Enfield, Bachelor of Arts. Im

1441. E. T. Hughes, of Chancery-lane. An improved and the whole drawn by horses ; or it may be adapted for provements in sights for fire-arms.

night-lamp clock. A communication from L. Montanari. traction by steam power. The actual cultivator consists of

1142. J. Luis, of Welbeck-st. Dated June 9, 1859.

A new syphon meter for one or more cylinders fitted with curved spikes and car

liquids. A communication from A. Grenet. ried in a vibrating frame centred so as to work freely on

1403. G. Bartholomew, of Linlithgow, Edge Tool Maker. 1443. J. Luis, of Welbeck-street. An apparatus for rethe main axle as a fulcrum. Suspending chains are con

Improvements in shoes for horses and other animals. gulating individually the pressure, expenditure, and light nected to the after end of the vibrating frame, and are

1404. J. H. Tuck, of Great George-street, Westminster. in gas burners. A communication from E. Ferguson. passed over an overhead roller fitted with a ratchet wheel Improvements in breakwaters, sea walls, and like struc- 1445. W. Birkmyre, of Port Glasgow, Manufacturer. and detent apparatus and cross arms for elevating the tures.

Improvements in drying, treating, and preparing yarns or cylinders. A rotary motion is imparted to the cylinders

1405, E. Welsford, of Bona, Algeria, Proprietor. Im- thread. from the running wheels by toothed gearing. Patent comprovements in tanning.

1447. C. H. Waring, of Neath Abbey, Glamorgan, pleted.

Dated June 10, 1859.

Mining Engineer. Improvements in safety lamps. 2636. C. TOXLIXsos. Improvements in stop taps or 1406. T. Greenshields, of Little Titchfield-st. Improve: Improvements in doubling or twisting silk, cotton, worsted,

1448. C. Wilkinson, of Slaithwaite, York, Merchant. palves. Dated November 20, 1858. This relates to valves or taps which close by the motion

ments in purifying gas and obtaining ammoniacal and
other salts.

linen, or woollen yarns, or yarns from any other fibrous of a valve or plug which is bedded in or removed from its

substance. seating, and which is arranged so that the valve or plugments in the manufacture of driving straps or bands.

1407. M. J. Haines, of Dursley, Strap Maker. Improve

1449. T. E. Tallent, of Southwark-bridge-road, Engineer. opens against the pressure of the fluid the supply of which

1408. G. J. Farmer, of Biriningham, Machinist, and G.

Improvements in the manufacture of leather, and in mais to be regulated. That this valve or plug may be removed when required without opening the passage for the

B. Hardy,

of Brompton, Chemist. Improvements in stair chinery for that purpose. rods and eyes or sockets, which are also applicable for

1452. H. F. Smith, of Manchester, Agent. Improvefluid the patentee fits another similar valve in combina- other purposes.

monts in the manufacture of driving straps or bands. tion with the first mentioned, so that it stops the passage 1409. A. F. Haas, of Camomile-st., Merchant. Improve

1454. A. V. Newton, of Chancery-lane. Improvements when the primary valve is closed, as also when it is re- ments in lamp and

gas shades or glasses.

in casting cylinders and tubes. A communication from F. moved from its seating. Patent completed.

Adams.

1410. F. Puls, Chemist, of Haverstock-hill. Improve2637. C. Cuir. Improvements in railway brakes. Dated ments in the treatment of hydro-carbons.

1455. J. Harmer, of Brighton, Gentleman, and w. ParNovember 20, 1858. This brake is formed of two lever or hollow beams be

1411. S. W. Tyler, of Greenwich, New York. Improve-sons of the same place. Improvements in fire-arms. ments in harvesters.

1456. T. Cattell, of Euston-sq., Doctor of Medicine. Imtween which the wheels of the vehicle rotate. These beams are united by transverse pieces, forming together with the

1412. W. Sellers, of Philadelphia, Engineer. Improve-provements in the manufacture of varnish and lacker. beams a frame of four sides suspended by rods or chains improvements are also applicable for drying, annealing, ments in ovens for baking bread or other substances, which

Dated June 17, 1859.

1457. T. Orrell, jun., of Bolton - le - Moors, Cotton jointed to the framework of thc carriage. This frame is and other analogous purposes.

Spinner. Certain improvements in mules for spinning.

1458. H. Evette, of Lisieux, France, Manufacturer. A

LIST OF SEALED PATENTS. new system of bedding.

Sealed June 24, 1859. 1459. E. T. Hughes, of Chancery-lane. Improvements 2939. J. T. P. Newbon, T. 77. J. White. in treating and decomposing fatty substances. A commu- Smith, and J. Brown.

91. W. and W. T. G. nication from C. Leroy and J.J. M. Durand.

2945, D. Edleston,

Bray. 1460. W. H. Hammersley, of Leek, Silk Dyer. Im- 2952. W. B. Johnson. 108. H. Critchley and S. provements in stringeing, glossing, or finishing silk, and 2955, T. Steven and T. Elston. apparatus employed therein. A communication from J.

Scott.

129. W. II. E. McKnight. Leigh.

2959, J. Macpherson.

139, P. A. S. S. Sicard. 1461. D. Deas, of Carncil, Fife, Farmer. Improvements

2960. J. Davics.

142. E. Brooks. in reaping machines.

2962. F. W. Turner.

167. J. H. Johnson. 2965. B. Browne.

201. D. Moseley, 1462. R. A. Brooman, of 166 Fleet-st., London, Patent

2971. J. H. Johnson.

367. J. H. Johnson. Agent. Improvements in generating anhydrous steam, and

2999, J. H. Johnson.

518. F. Weeks. in apparatuses employed therein and connected therewith.

3000. H. Robin.

715. G. Gregg. A communication from C. M. C. Duplay.

1. J. T. Pitman.

757. J. H. Johnson, 1463. C. F. Vasserot, of Essex-st., Strand. Improve- 7. J. Oliver.

1003. J. Alison. ments in the construction of stereoscopes. A communica- 23. J. B. Morgan.

1016. J. Armstrong. tion from H. A. Corbin.

24. J. Luis.

1074. A. Boyle. 1461. J.J. L. Guiblet, of Wilmington-sq. Improvements

70. W. E. Newton, in watches.

Sealed June 28, 1859. 1465. A. V. Newton, of Chancery-lane. Improved means 2976, R. D. Kay.

145. R. Mushct. for assorting substances of different specific gravities. A 2989. R. A. Brooman.

175. T. Greenwood and J. communication from D, Marchal.

2990, R. A. Brooman. Batley. 1466. J. Combe, of Leeds, Engineer, and R. Smalpage,

2991. R. A. Brooman.

178. T. Greenwood, J. of the same place, Woollen Draper. Improvements in

2992. R. A. Brooman. Batley, and J. Dockray, winding and spinning machinery, and in arranging and

2994. W. Burgess.

182. H. Sagar and A. securing a uniform delivery from cops, to be used as weft

2996. J. Knowelden and Schultz. or warp or for other purposes.

R. D. Edwards.

183. T. Richardson.
3005. F. W. A. Casper and 193, J. Childs.
G. H. Schmahi.

223. J. H. Johnson. PATENTS APPLIED FOR WITH COMPLETE 3006. L. A. Normandy, 262. II. Watson. SPECIFICATIONS.

jun.

269, H. Grissell. 4. B. J. Gosteau.

295. W. E. Newton. 1444. L. Barroux, of Paris. A new system of rail-road,

5. J. E. Drogot.

509. A. Reid and R. Tonge. supportod on iron soles, with or without wood being used,

9. J. Garforth.

845, D. B. White. Dated June 16, 1859,

14. M. Wigzell.

951. H. A. Silver. 1451. M. A. F. Mennons, of Paris. An improved kiln for 22. A. L. Lévèque.

996. H. Rawson. brick and plaster burning. A communication from A. 81. J. Biers, jun.

1073. W. A. Tompson. Mombrun. “Dated June 16, 1859.

98. W. and W. McNaught. 1119. W. E. Newton. 1453. E. A. Cutler, of Connecticut. A new and useful machine for making horse-shoes. A communication from

PATENTS ON WHICH THE THIRD YEAR'S STAMP C. H. Perkins. Dated June 16, 1859.

DUTY HAS BEEN PAID. 1468. G. Gurney,

1501. G. Durrich. 1471, G. Riley,

1513. A. Shanks. NOTICES OF INTENTION TO PROCEED WITH

1477. E. Hardon and J. 1526. C. A. MessagerPATENTS,

Henry.

Abit. (From the London Gazette, June 28, 1859.)

1495. R. W. Chandler and 1529, T. F. Henley.

T. Oliver. 154. J. Fawcett. Food for cattle. 420. W. Raymond. Life-raft.

LIST OF SPECIFICATIONS, &C.., 421. J. Paterson. Brace buckles, loops, and braces. 428. C. E. Wright. Nursing infants,

Published during the week ending June 24, 1859. 411. S. T. Cooper. Artificial light. 447. F. W. Emerson. Treating orcs of lead.

No. Pr. No. Pr. No. Pr. No. Pr. No. Pr. No. Pr. 449. J. H. Johnson, Propelling and steering. A communicatior,

d S d

s d 465. C. F. Vasserot. Carding machines. A communica

25811 3 26060 112617 0 3 26290 526400 102651 0 10 tion.

25910 6/26070 326180 3|2630 2 7||261114||26520 6 467. F. P.J. Van den Ouwelant. Fire-places.

25921 426080 71126190 101126310 3 26420 31 2653 0 9 471. T. Wilson. Ordnance.

25941 426090 62620 6|26320 726-130 1020510 3 474. P. Spence. Alum.

25970 526100 32621 0 626330

726440 32655 0 5 475. R. Jobson. Lubricating bearings.

25990 10 26110 3 2622 4||26340 326150 326560 9 484. J. Hine. Book-slide.

260010 526120 312623 0 326350 6:26160 6 265710 3 486. R. A. Brooman. Fixing tannin ; dyeing. A com

26010 626130 826240 326360 72647 0 3 26580 3 munication.

26020 3 26140 326260 5 26370 102648 1 026590 3 490. S. Ridge, Joints of pipes. 500. R. Mushet. Metallic coinpound.

26030 9 26150 3 26270 3 2638 0 52619 0 4266010 10

26040 4|26160 3 26280 726390 3||2650 0 627730 7 501. R. Mushet. Cast steel.

26051 504. A. Lançon, jnn. Watches.

512. C. W. Siemens, Telegraphs. Partly a communica- Note.-Specifications will be forwarded by post from the tion.

Great Seal Patent Office (publishing department) on re513. W. McNaught. Steam-engines.

ceipt of the amount of price and postage. Sums exceeding 520. J. Lee. Plonghs.

58. must be remitted by Post Office Order, made payable 523. E. Gatwood. Springs,

at the Post Office, High Holborn, to Mr. Bennet Wood525. A. Martin. Weaving.

croft, Great Seal Patent Office. 536. E. J. Hughes. Preserving food. A communication. 539. H. Monle. Evaporating, &c. 553. J. W. Harker and J. K. Field. Coating vessels. A

LIST OF MISCELLANEOUS TENDERS IN. communication.

VITED, AND ENGAGEMENTS OPEN, 604. C. Mills. Pianofortes. 618. W. E. Newton. Billiard tables. A communication.

The lenders and vacancies thich appear in this weekly list 693. C. Lambert. Seed drills.

are not repeated in succeeding numbers. 704. W. and S. Pickstone. Textile fabrics.

Britisu Iron, East India Company.--Particulars at the 768. M. A. Muir. Moulding metals.

Secretariat office, where the proposals are to be left be1098. J. Childs, Night-light cases.

fore 11 forenoon, July 5. 1143. W. S. Booth, Washing machine.

Gas Pipes, Bilston Gas Company.-Cast iron, spigott, 1156. W. Jeffery. Tent camera.

and socket pipes, as follows :-2,250 yards 8-in. pipes, 1189. D. Foxwell. Sewing machines.

weight per yard, 126 lbs., 750 pipes. ; 780 yards 5-in. 1258. T. S. Cressey. Cutting staves.

pipes, weight per yard, 70 lbs., 260 pipes. Of an equal 1288. D. S. Price. Dyeing and printing.

thickness throughout and sound, under 250 lbs. to the 1291. A. Prince. Ships. A communication.

inch. Further information Mr. John Mudie, Resident 1292. A. Prince. Propellers. A communication,

Engineer, the Works, Moxley, Wednesbury. Tenders 1302. J. Young. Locks, &c.

stating price per ton, July 14. 1333. I. and R. Blackburn. Traction engines.

Caisson, Leith.-For the entrance to the graving dock. 1374. R. Chrimes. Urinals, wash-hand basins, &c.

Drawings, &c., Mr. Robertson, Resident Engineer, 1375. E. Gill. Producing spirit.

Dock Works, Leith. Tenders to John Phin, Clerk to the 1336. J. B. Howell, J. Hick, and W. Hargreaves. Apply SEWERS, Mile End old Toron.-For the construction of

Commission, 13 Herod's Row, Edinburgh, July 16. ing heat; combustion of smoke. 1400, A. V. Newton. Gas meters. A communication.

sewers in certain streets in the east ward of the hamlet, 1413. M. H. Picciotto. Motive power.

Drawings with the Surveyor at the Town House. 1415. J. James. Motive power.

Tenders, with names of two sureties of £300, before 3 1431. W. Brown, jun. Carding fibrous materials.

o'clock July 6, to Thos. Price, Clerk to the Vestry. 1451. M. A. F. Mennons. Kiln. A communication.

SEWERAGE WORKS, Warrington, -- Contracts, 8 and 9. 1453. E. A. Cutler. Horse shoes. A communication.

Drawings, &c., Mr. B. P. Coxon, borough engineer.

Separate tenders, July 13, to chairman of Paving and The full titles of the patents in the above list can be as.

Sewerage Committee. certained by referring back to thcir numbers in the list of

BARRACK Works, Chatham.--1. Stripping, repairing, and provisional protections previously published.

slating 5 roofs at the carriage store, Gun-wharf, ChatOpposition can be entered to the granting of a patent to ham. 2. Erecting tower and water tank at Brompton any of the parties in the above list who have given notice of Barracks, Chatham. Information, Royal Engineers' their intention to proceed, within twenty-one days from the office, Chatham Lines, Kent. Tenders, July 9. date of the Gazetie in which the notice appears, by leaving | WORKHOUSE, Machynlleth.-Whole or portion of new at the Commissioners' office particulars in writing of the workhouse. Drawings, &c., board-room. Bills, Mr. J. objection to the application.

E. Oates, architect, York. Tenders, July 6.

CITADEL, Dorer.-Extensive excavations in and raising

the parapets of the citadel. Information Royal Eng.

necr's Office, Dover, July 5. No date given, GASHOLDER, Gateshead. --- 100 ft. diameter, 20 ft. deep.

Specifications Mr.J. Bourne, engineer, of North Eastern

Railway, Central Station, Newcastle-upon-Tyne, July 6. Roads, Norwood. For the excavations, earth work, drains,

and culvert required in the formation and metalling of
roads to be formed on the White Horse estate, Norwood.
Drawings, &c., Messrs. Burrell, Surveyors, 14 Lincoln's

Inn Fields. July 5.
CEMETERY, Walcot, Salop. For chapels, lodge, entrance

gates and boundary walls. Drawings, &c., Messrs.
Dickes and Isaacs, 13 Northgate-street, Bath, Tenders
July ul.
WORKHOUSE, East Grinstead, Sussex.-Drawings, &c.,

Mr. S. F. Cox, 22 Henrietta-street, Covent Garden ; of
whom and of Mr. W. Lass, further particulars. Tenders

1 o'clock July 7. PARSONAGE House, Nantygw, Newport, Monmouthshire.

Plans, &c., Rev. J. Morgan, Nantygw. Estimates to

Mr. Norton, 24 Old Bond-street, London, July 9.
FARM HOUSE, &c., Horsham-park Estate, Sussoz.- Plans,

&c., Kingshead, Horsham. Tenders, July 5.
Houses, Bishop Canning's Estate, Willshire.-Erection of

cottages, farm premises, and alterations and repairs at

farms. Plans, Crown Inn, Bishop's Canning's. July 4. Farm House, &c.,

Earnshill Estate, Somerset.- Plans, &c., Mr. Hilliers, Donyatt, near Ilmington, July 9. STONE, Leamington.—1,000 tons of the best hand-picked

Hartshill, and 15 tons of Hartshill rough grouse for macadamizing, at the Tachbrook-road wharf, Leamington, in quantities, during the next three months. Ten

ders, the Surveyor, Town Hall, July 4. DESIGNS FOR CEMETERY, Great Malvern.-Lithographed

plan of the ground, and rules, of the Churchwardens,

No date given.
FLINTS AND BROKEN GRANITE, Bethnal Green.-2,000

yards of picked Kent flints, broken to a two-inch guage,
at the vestry's wharf, Old Ford-road, pursuant to speci-
fications of the surveyor, Town Hall. Tenders with a
£10 note at the office of the vestry clerk, Town Hall,
Bethnal Green, July 6. Also 2,000 yards of broken
granite. Conditions and time for tenders same as for

flints. COAL., Pancras Workhouse.-500 tons of Lambton or

Stewart's Wallsend, and 300 tons of good strong furnace.

Tenders, 2 o'clock, July 12.
COAL, Tunbridge Wells Gas Company.—2,000 tons of Har.

vey Main gas, at per ton, in periodical deliveries. Ten

ders, 6 p.m., July 13. COKE, London, Brighton, and South Coast.--For the sup

ply of 3,000 tons of the best locomotive, to be delivered at their option alongside Deptford, Newhaven, or Kingston wharfs, near Shoreham. Delivery to commence at once, in portions of not less than 300 nor more than 500 tons per month. A separate price to be quoted at each place. ' Quantities approved one month to be paid for in the next. Further particulars, Mr. J. C. Craven, Brighton terminus. Tenders by 10 a.m., July 7. WORKING OF COKE OVENs, London, Brighton, and South

Coast Railway.-The contractor to supply the coal and to keep the ovens in repair. The produce to be 212 tons per week. Orens, New Cross. Term, 12 months, commencing August 1. At per ton, delivered into the waggons at the siding adjoining the ovens : to which siding the coal will be conveyed, free of charge to the contractor, from the Company's wharf at Deptford. Particulars, Mr. J. C. Craven, Brighton Terminus. Tenders,

by 10 A.M., July 7. SURVEYOR, &c., Aldershott. – To act as inspector of

nuisances, and collector of rates also, for the parish of Aldershott. Salary, £50 per annum. Candidates to attend at the meeting of the Board of Health, Aldershott, at eleven, July 5.

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PRICES CURRENT OF METALS.
London, 1st July, 1859.

Dis.

£r. d. p. et (RON, Rails in Wales and N.

of England ......pr.ton 600 to 6 50 nett Welsh Bars, in Wales

5 15 0 6 0 0 Staf. Bars at the Works

70

0 7 10 0 8 00 ,

8 10 0 Sheets, Singles

9 0 0 Nail Rods.

7 0 0 7 10 0 Boiler Plates

8 10 0 9 0 0 Scotch Pig, M. Nos. War. rants, at Glasgow.

2 80

pett Do. No. 1, Good Brands

2 10 0 Scotch Bars

7 10 0 Swedish Bars, in London 13 10 0 15 0

23 COPPER, Sheet and Sheathing per lb. 0 1 0

Tough Cake and Tile ,, ton 107 10 0
Best Selected...

110 10 0
Australian

105 10 0
South American
Yellow Metal Sheathing...,,

per lb. 0 0 10
STEEL, Swedish Keg .......

pr. ton 19 100 20 00 Faggot .....

21 10 0 22 00 TIN, English, Block ...........pr.cwl. 69 0 Bar...

6 10 0 Poreign, Banca ..........

6 14 0

6 10 0 611 0 TINPLATES, Charcoal, I.C...pr. box 1 11 0 1 18 Coke, I.C.

150 16 0 LEAD, Pig. English

pr. ton 32 15 0 23 Spanish ..........

22 10 0 Sheet

24 0 0 21 10 0 SPELTER, on the spot

pr, ton 19 00 19 5 0 Rett for arrival, ZINC, English, Sheet

25 00 37 00 QUICKSILVER ......

per btl. 7 0 REMARKS.-Prices of Metals are in general firm, but business continues on a limited scale.

LAWRIE AND HAGGER, Metal Brokers. 33 Lombard-street, E.C.

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