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a perforated box or case plunged into the melted metal flax, tow, hemp, jute, and other fibrous substances.” | ture of paper, suitable for bank-notos, cheques, bills, for decarburising, and purifying it. 4. The above Dated Jan. 18, 1859.

and similar articles." Dated Jan. 19, 1859. processes in combination. 6. The granulator. Patent This invention is not intelligibly described apart This consists in applying to the paper in the course completed. from the drawings. Patent completed.

of manufacture a material capable of producing 120. S. T. COOPER..." Improvements in the use 149. G. Hamilton. " Improvements in treating therein an opaque body either white or in one or more and application of artificial light.” Dated Jan. 17, resin and resinous substances to obtain products colours, and of any required pattern or design, which 1859.

therefrom, and in treating the products obtained opaque body will not interfere with the clearness of The essential condition of this invention is to place from resin and resinous substances.” Dated Jan. 18, the printing on the surface of the paper, but will bea burner supplying a small jet of gas in such a 1859.

come visible so as to appear mixed up with the subposition under or near to other burners that, the jet The object here is to obtain fron common resin ject of such printing when the note, cheque, bill, &c., from the former being ignited, its flame shall ignite direct by one distillation a variety of clear and pale is held up to the light. The opaque body consists of the gas from the latter when turned on. The means oils. Patent completed.

a body not soluble in water, such as Prussian blue, proposed for effecting this object is to lay down two 150. H. GALLON, J. U. Bear, and S. LUMP. "Im- red lead, white lead, &c. Patent completed. pipes for the conveyance of the gas to be used, one of provements in machinery for slotting, morticeing, 161. T. CLARKE.“ Improvements in the manufroa small diameter to supply the gas to the burner with tennoning, and cutting wood, iron, and other sub- ture of core barrels for pipes or columns used either the single jet, the other of a diameter sufficiently stances. °Dated Jan. 18, 1859.

for railway pipes or columns, or for water pipes or for large to supply the gas to the burners which are to This consists in the application of a crank or sewerage pipes.” Dated Jan. 19, 1859. be used for illuminating purposes; or the small pipe eccentric to such machines, in order to actuate the Here the patentee constructs a core barrel with two may be a branch from the larger one. Patent aban- cutting tool, such crank or eccentric acting with a rows of hinges, and without a slide or key, but with doned.

slide arranged to move in a slot formed in the spindle three stay bars, which stay bars, when loosened, as 141. W. E. NEWTOX. “An improvement in which carries the cutting tool. Patent completed. can be easily done, allow the core bar to leave the sewing machines.” (A communication.) Dated Jan. 151. C. D. ARCHIBALD. “ Generating force.” (A casting without impediment. Patent completed. 17, 1859. communication.). Dated January 18, 1859.

162. E. T. HUGHES. “ Improvements in machinery This invention is not deseribed apart from the The nature of this invention consists in so con. or apparatus for measuring and sorting silk and other drawings. Patent completed

structing a piston or its equivalent that when acting textile materials.” (A communication.) Dated Jan. 142. E. Brooks. " Improvements in loeks.” Dated under the pressure of fluid bodies the resistance it 19, 1859. Jan. 17, 1859.

meets or generates shall be made to assist the process Here the silk, &c., is wound on bobbins or spools to According to this invention the locks are formed of displacing, condensing, or exhausting without wasto a certain length, and measured with exactness by a with a curtain, consisting of a plate which moves on of the elements employed. The invention is not meter or measuring machine, which stops the movea pin or otherwise in front of the keyhole, so as to described apart from the drawings. Patent completed. ment of the bobbins or spools at the time required. close it, with the exception of the central opening, by 152. R. A. BROOMAN. “An improved silk thread, To sort or assay the silk, &c., the external diameter of the motion of the lock. The bolt shoots twice by one and a new fabric

made entirely or partially from the cach bobbin or spool is measured or gauged and turn of the key, whereby great security is obtained. same.” (A communication.) 'Dated Jan. 18, 1859. weighted.” Patent completed. A atent completed,

The patentee claims the manufacture of an im

183. J. WHITEHEAD. " Improvements in the 143. R. G. SALTER.“ Improvements in apparatus proved silk thread by combining silk waste ( soie

means or machinery for the manufacture of 'purled' for collecting or picking up letters, papers, and other fantaisio”) with raw or other silk by any suitable wire.” Dated Jan. 19, 1859. articles requiring to be stamped or printed.” Dated Jan. 17, 1859.

This consists in causing the wire to wind around a means. Also, the manufacture of a new fabric by Here the patentee places the letters edgewise upon either in whole or in part as a warp, or as a weft, or as

forming a fabric having the said improved silk

thread taper pin at the end of a spindle having a rotary mo

tion. A strap presses on the outside of the coil, and an inclined feeding tray or trough, and between or both, by any suitable means. Patent completed.

has a rotary motion in the same direction as the taper upon endless belts, which conduct them against the side

pin. Patent completed. of a revolving cylinder, containing on the inside one or

153. “R. GARRETT, jun., and J. KERRIDGE.

164. E. STEVENS. “ An improved cooking utensil.” several apparatuses for exhausting air, and perfora. improved arrangement of combined thresling and Dated Jan. 19, 1850. tions at intervals in the side. The face of the dressing machines.” Dated Jan. 18, 1869.

This consists in combining in one a meat stand, a cylinder carries stamps or dies, which are inked upon draws into its case a large volume of air, and by rea: pan. Patent completed,

This consists chiefly in providing a single fan which vegetable dish, a pudding and pie dish, and a stew the revolution of the cylinder by contact with an inking roller. Over another part of the cylinder is a son of its connection with a system of air trunks and 165. T. A. Evass and W. J. H. Rodo. "A new pressure roller. The operation is as follows:-As possages cause the discharge of the air at any given method of advertising." Dated Jan. 19, 1859. soon as an aperture or series of holes comes opposite number of vents in broad streams suitably directed

This consists in making use of the bowls and stems the feeding trough, one letter is drawn by the ex. for impinging upon the falling grain and chaff. of tobacco pipes as a medium for advertising. Patent haustion of the air inside the cylinder, and held Patent completed.

abandoned. against the side of the cylinder and over the stamp or 154. J. FAWCETT. “ An improved preparation of 166. W. POU PARD. “An improved wheel-skid or die which has been inked; the cylinder continues to food for cattle and horses.” Dated Jan. 18, 1859. shoe.” Dated Jan. 19, 1869. revolve with the letter adhering thereto, and carries The patentee claims particularly “the use of the This consists in constructing a skid or shoe for the it under the pressure roller. Patent completed. locust pod and bean, in combination with other suit. skidding of wheels in descending inclines with a tail

144. G. and J. COLLIER. ' Improvements in able farinaceous substances, and the preparation of piece projecting from the back part and top of the means or apparatus for washing and drying wool and the combined ingredients in the form of cake.” Patent skid chamber. This tail piece may be carried entirely other fibres, part of which improvements are also ap- abandoned.

through to the front of the shoe, and the patentee plicable for other purposes, where steam, hot water, 155. R. BRADLEY and W. CRAVEN. “Improve prefers to form it of wrought iron or steel, while the or other fluids are required to be conveyed under ments in machinery or apparatus for manufacturing body of the shoe may be made of cast or wrought pressure through moveable connections.” Dated bricks, tiles, and other similar articles.” Dated Jan, iron. Patent completed. Jan. 17, 1859. 18, 1859.

167. J. H. Joussox. “Certain improvements in Here the fibre, &c., is fed on to an endless apron, This relates to apparatus for manufacturing bricks, the manufacture or production of lasts, boot-trees, by which it is conveyed to another apron, and it by tiles, &c., from pulverized clay by compression, the and clogs, and in the machinery and apparatus emthese aprons conducted forward and into the water or main object being to obviate the difficulties usually ployed in the production of such articles." (A comother wash liquid, and whilst the fibre is so conducted attendant upon the pressure of air in the material munication.) Dated Jan. 19, 1859. the wash liquid has motion given to it by revolving under pressure. The details are voluminous. Patent The specification of this invention is arranged heaters to cause it to pass fully through the fibre. The completed.

under eleven heads, and the invention is not fully fibre is afterwards conveyed to expressing rollers and 156. W. TROTTER.“ Improvements in reaping ma- described apart from the drawings. Patent completed. dried by steam. Patent completed. chines.” Dated January 18, 1839.

168. J. II. JOINSON. “ Improvements in appa145. R. MUSHET. “Improvements in the manu. This consists in arranging the parts of reaping ma- ratus for making cigarettes." (A communication.) facture of cast-steel.” Dated Jan. 17, 1839.

chines so that the parts may readily accommodate Dated Jan. 19, 1859. This consists in manufacturing cast-steel by melting themselves to the inequalities of the ground. Patent This consists, 1, in making cigarettes less tapered and combining scrap-steel, bar-steel, or blister-steel, or completed.

than heretofore; 2, in the use of paper tubes cut any mixtures of these, with wholly deoxydised iron ore 157. J. H. Joinson. " Improvements in air pistols down to a certain distance; 3, in making the lower and a triple compound of iron carbon

and manganese. and guns.” (A communication.) Dated Jan. 18, 1859. portion of the head of the rammer conical; 4, in adAlso in mixing with the above charcoal or other car- This relates to children's air guns and pistols. The dition to the upper portion of the rammer head of a bonaceous matter. Patent completed.

breech-piece is moveable, and the butt is made hollow cylindrical part slightly hollowed for closing the 146. J. LUIS. “A new machine for putting on, for containing a reserve of charges. Patent aban- thick end of the cigarette ; 5, in the use of a paper equallising, and drying the colours on paper for hang- doned.

mouthpiece fitted internally with a perforated diaings, bookbinding, boarding and fancy paper of every

158. J. Thornton. “ Improvements in carding phragm; 6, in marking divisions on the rammer ; 7, description.” (communication.) Dated Jan. 18, engines.” Dated Jan. 19, 1859.

in making the mould of metal, and the funnel of 1859.

l'his relates to applying an endway traverse motion caoutchouc. Patent completed. The principle on which this invention rests is the in addition to the ordinary rotary motion to the first 169. W. CLARK. "Certain improvements in boots triple rotation of brushes imitating the work per toothed cylinder or roller receiving fibre from the feed and shoes, and in the machinery, apparatus, and formed by the workman. The triple rotation of means, or that which delivers to the main cylinder of means employed in such manufacture.” (A combrushes is obtained by a disc having a continued cir. a carding engine in order thereby more intimately to munication.) Dated Jan. 19, 1859. cular movement communicated to it by bevil wheels mix or even distribute the fibres to be earded. Patent This embraces various features which to be renor pulleys, placed on a longitudinal shaft, which re- abandoned.

dered intelligible must be given in detail, and that ceives its movement directly from the driving shaft. 159. W. A. F. POWELL. “Improvements in stop- our space will not admit of. Patent abandoned. Patent abandoned.

ping or closing jars and bottles.” Dated Jan. 19, 170. J. C. REID and W. MILNER. “ Certain im. 147. W. NEWMAN. "New or improved furniture 1859.

provements in the construction of ships and vessels." for window and other blinds.” Dated Jan. 18, 1859. Here the stopper is formed of glass or stoneware, Dated Jan. 20, 1859.

This invention is not described apart from the with a shoulder on its under side, which fits on to a This consists in so constructing the bulkheads that drawings. Patent completed.

plain or grooved seat within or upon the neck of the the separate compartments into which a ship may be 148. J. FOSTER. "Certain improvements in jar or bottle, and an interposed washer of india-rubber. divided may be secured against the extension of fire. machinery or apparatus called spinning frames' and 'Patent completed.

The bulkheads are to be formed of two walls or plates 'roving frames' employed for spinning and roving 160. P. A. SPARRE. " Improvements in the manu. I of iron, and placed across the ship in parallel posi


tions, and so as to form a hollow wall or chamber. I and indicate upon the graduated scale the quantity of This consists in absorbing the acid by some organic This chamber is to be filled with a fire-resisting com water which has acted upon it. Patent completed. material, such as sawdust or others, then miring the position. Patent completed.

178. T. GREENWOOD, J. BATLEY, and J. Dockray. phosphatic substance with this acid mixture, and 171. H. HILLIARD and T. CHAPMAN. “Improve: "Improved machinery for converting hemp and flax allowing the whole to remain until the ordinary de. ments in table-knives, and in table-knife sharpeners." fibres into yarn, twiné, ropes, and cordage.” Dated composition is completed. Patent completed. Dated Jan. 20, 1859. Jan. 20, 1859.

184. S. Osler and J. B. BALCOMBE. “Improre. In making the “lock'd-fast" handle lateral holding This relates, 1, to machinery for drawing hemp and ments in apparatus for treating fish, so as to adapt projections are formed upon the tang at a short dis- fax fibre, and consists in conveying the fibres from the it for manure, and in using the same alone or in com. tance from the blade of the knife. The lateral holding retaining rollers to the drawing off rollers by an end. bination with super-phosphate of lime or other phosprojection may be formed with an acute longitudinal less band of gills or comb teeth constructed according phates.” Dated Jan. 21, 1859. edge by which the holding recess may be formed in to a method patented 9th April, 1858. It relates, 2, This consists, 1, in treating fish by applying the handle; or the projections may be shaped like to the wet spinning frame used for spinning flax, and thereto the heat of steam or heated vapour in the segments of screws, which may top themselves into consists in mounting the retaining rollers and the manner and by means of certain apparatus. 2. In the the sides of the handle bore, and by their screw action back drawing-off rollers on separate beams, and ren- admixture of about from 30 to 50 per cent. of the draw the tang well into the bore. In making an dering the beam which carries the retaining rollers aforesaid prepared fish with either manufactured " acuminator" under one modification, the wheels or adjustable by means of a rack and pinion and worm super-phosphate of lime, or with ground or calcined steel discs may be arranged as in common sharpeners and worm wheel. It relates, 3, to machinery for coprolites. Patent abandoned. of the same class, it being preferred to use two dressing yarn and twisted fibres, and consists in com. 185. 'L. LE PRINCE.. "The improvement of ladies' wheels on one side with one projecting slightly between bining with a series of friction or polishing cylinders boots and shoes, called the caméleon boot and the them on the other, but the mounting is formed in geared carrying rollers for passing the fibres forward caméleon shoe."' Dated Jan. 21, 1859. such a way as to guide the knife obliquely or diagon- from one polishing surface to the next. It relates, 4, The patentee constructs ladies' boots and shoes ally in being drawn across the wheels.

to a mode of delivery to the apparatus for laying twine with ornamental perforations or pierced work in the completed.

cordage, &c., a regulated quantity of yarn or strands, upper leather or outer material, and makes a cavity 172. A. LINDO. “Improvements in manufactur into which, while being delivered from their bobbins, between this portion of the upper leather or material ing soap.” Dated Jan. 20, 1859.

a uniform twist is thrown. Patent completed. and the lining, and inserts into this cavity a moveable This consists, 1, in a new process for the manufac. 179. J. Bext.“ Certain improvements in clasps or piece of cord, or leather, or cloth, or other material of ture of soluble and insoluble soap; 2, in an improve. fastenings,'applicable for belts, garters, and other pur any required colour, or covered with silk or cloth. ment in the preparation of lyes for the manufacture poses.” Dated Jan. 20, 1859.

Patent completed. of soap; 3, in the addition of certain substances or This invention is not described apart from the 186. G. B. HARKES. “An improved machine for chemical matters which being added to soap made by drawings. Patent completed.

washing, wringing, and mangling.” Dated Jan. 21, ordinary means renders it more durable. The details 180. J. SHANKS.“ Improvements in mowing ma 1859. of the invention are two voluminous to be quoted chines.” Dated Jan. 20, 1859.

This machine consists of a trough which contains here. Patent completed.

This relates to “lawn mowing machines.” The the water, and on which trough are placed two 173. W. Woope. “Improvements in implements two driving rollers are loose on the shaft, and on the horizontal bars of wood, each bar having a hori. for ploughing, tilling, and paring land.” Dated Jan.

centre or nave of each roller is cast or fixed a clutch, zontal slot for admitting the articles to be washed. 20, 1859.

or engager, which works into a clutch on the shaft on Near the slotted bars two rollers are placed which This consists in forming that part of the beam to

which the two rollers revolve. These rollers are turn upon their axes, the distance of the rollers from which the shares or parers or other tools for acting on

loose, and are prevented from turning round by a each other being adjustable. An endless band of the soil are affixed in the shape of a frame, so that sunk key in each. Between each clutch and in the canvas, &c., passes over the lower roller through the two or more sets of shares, parers, or tools, may be

centre is placed a spiral spring, composed of iron or slotted bars, and over a small roller placed within the fitted to the same beam. The inventor hinges this steel wire, which keeps the clutches always in gear, trough or reservoir. The slotted bars receive a reframe at front, and on an independent frame he and at the same time allows the machine to turn ciprocating vertical motion from a fly. wheel and mounts an axis for carrying a front or guide wheel. easily. The gear for shifting the machine to the crank or otherwise. Patent abandoned. At the back of the frame carrying the shares, &c., he required cut consists of a bracket fitted to each side 187. G. ELLIS. “The improvement of muffs, to places two large wheels, and causes them to travel of the machine a little in front of the cutter. A be called the patent reticule muff.” Dated Jan. 21,

1859. within the path of the shares, &c. The beam frame, socket is cast on the bracket in each case, into which front wheel frame, and handles are so combined and

a spindle is fitted having a forked end to contain a The “reticule muff" is a muff nade with one or united that upon depressing the handles, the shares, small pulley: It is on these pulleys that the fore part more bags inside, the opening of the bag or bags &c., are released from the soil, and the implement of the machine rests. A toothed rack is fixed or cast being at top or upper side of the muff, and the same may then be moved or turned upon its wheels.

on the bracket, into which a pinion works. There is closing up with snaps, &c._Patent abandoned. Another part of the invention consists in forming a a pinion on each end of a shaft working across the 188. J. Hick and W. HARGREAVES. “Improve.

ments in the construction of steam boilers." Dated skeleton or open work mould-board for parers when machine, on one end of which is placed å handle, so used for paring stubble, and instead of fitting the that by turning the shaft by the handle the bracket is Jan. 21, 1859. shank of paring knives in parers closely in the eye or

made to move upwards or downwards to get the re. This consists in the use of T iron for forming the loop, he makes the loop sufficiently large to enable quired length of cut. The apparatus for emptying joints between the plates or hoops of which the in. wedges or screws to be used to effect the fastening the grass box consists of a rod or lever, which is made ternal flues of boilers or the shells of boilers are conBy employing wedges and screws the knives may be to turn backwarks or forwards on a pivot or other structed. Patent abandoned. readily removed; they also admit of adjustment ac.

joint fixed on the back rail or other part of the ina 189. R. Howell and R. J. WILLDER. « An im. cording to their wear. Patent abandoned.

chine. One end of the rod is fixed by two or more provement or improvements in taps or stop cocks." 174. E.T. HUGHES. Improvements for prevent; lengthened till it reaches the stilts or shafts, and this joints to a false end in the grass box ; the other end is Dated Jan. 21, 1859.

This consists in the use of a packing or lining in. ing incrustation in steam-boilers or other vessels.” (A communication.) Dated Jan. 20, 1859.

end' is made into a handle, and by a simple throw of serted and fixed in slots or depressions in the barrel Here the inventor employs shells, or receptacles, thrown out of the box by the travelling end. "Patent the plug of the stop cock works, and the said stop

the handle from one side to the other, the grass is of the tap or stop cock, against which said packing made of plates of metal, placed a short distance from

abanloned. the bottom and sides of the boiler, and also near the

cock is thereby made water, gas, or steam tight. flues or tubes, the shells haring openings so placed as

181. J. L. CLARK and J. MUIRIEAD. Improve. Patent completed. to cause the fluid to circulate at a greater velocity, or

ments in electric telegraphs, and in the apparatus 190. C. O'HARA. "Improvements in propellers,

used for working the same." Dated Jan. 20, 1859. be more agitated at those parts, when the boiler is in

for propelling steam-boats, ships, and vessels." Dated contact with the heat, which prevents the sediment portion of the support or bracket used for supporting

This consists, 1, in constructing the horizontal Jan. 21, 1859.

This invention is not described apart from the from settling upon the heated parts. Patent abandoned.

the line wire insulators hollow, using malleable cast drawings. Patent completed. 176. T. GREENWOOD and J. BATLEY.

191. W. Wells.“ Improvements in machinery or iron, and subsequently annealing the same. 2. In

An im. provement in the process of gassing textile fabrics."

serving the gutta-percha or india-rubber coating of apparatus employed in spinning and twisting cotton, (A communication.) Dated Jan. 20, 1859.

telegraph wires with a coating of fine fibre of grass and other fibrous substances.” Dated Jan. 21, 1859.

spun into a yarn or cord, and saturated with pitch, This relates to self-acting mules and jennies, and This consists in directing the flame towards the shellac, &c. The invention also comprises a method consists in the use of a screw or screw-shaft for fabric as it is travelling forward over rollers, which of constructing lightning conductors for telegraph putting up and drawing out the carriage instead of holds it at tension on a vertical plane on approaching wires, “detectors” for electrical purposes, and im. bands and pulleys. Patent abandoned. the flame, by which means the fabric is brought into provements in the magnets for magnetising, the

192. A. DAVENPORT. “An improved regulating contact with the oxygenated portion only of the needles of telegraph instruments. The details of burner for gas." (A communication.) Dated Jan. tlame. Patent completed.

these last-mentioned features are voluminous. Pa- | 21, 1859. 176. S. PHILLIPS. "Improvements in sliding tent completed.

This invention is not described apart from the sashes, shutters, or doors.” Dated Jan. 20, 1859.

182. H. SAGAR and A. SCHULTZ. “Improvements drawings. Patent abandoned. This invention is not described apart from the in producing pink shades on cotton fabrics or yarns."

193. J. Childs. “An improvement in applying drawings. It consists in dispensing with pulleys, Dated Jan. 20, 1859.

heat in the manufacture of artificial gums and teeth, sash lines, and weights. Patent completed.

The patentees first boil the cotton pieces or yarns and other articles composed of india-rubber, or gutta. 177. W. E. NEwrox. “ Improved apparatus for (previously bleached) in a solution male by dissolv. percha, combined with sulphur.” Dated Jan. 21, 1859. measuring water and other liquids.” (A coininuni. ing murexide in a solution of nitrate of lead, to which This consists in applying superheated steam for cation.) Dated Jan. 20, 1859.

they add a solution of bichloride of mercury. The the purpose. Patent completed. Here the pipe through which the liquid flows is picces when treated in this manner became a brownish 194. J. H. HUME. Improvements in warming provided with a socket for the reception of an upright red colour, and the object of the invention is to change apparatus for the feet.” Dated Jan. 21, 1859. tube of glass, open at bottom; in this vertical glass this tint, which has neretofore been produced when This consists of a metal case or shallow chamber tube, which is furnished with a graduated scale, is dyeing with murexide into a pink colour. This they to be attached beneath the sole of the boot or shoe. inserted a rod of alabaster, or other substance which is do by the use of alkalies, alkaline salts, acids and and having one of its sides capable of being opened but slowly dissolved hy water. This soluble rod rests salts, and acetate of soda mixed with wheaten starch, and closed. This metal chamber has fitted within it at its lower extremity in the water-pipe. As, there. tlour, farina, gums, &c. Patent completed.

a sole piece of brick, fire-clay, &c., which is inserted fore, the lower end of the rod of soluble material is 183. T. RICHARDSON. “ Improvements in the in its place for use in a heated state. Patent completst. dissolved away by the water, it will gradually descend, I manufacture of manure.' Dated Jan. 21, 1859. 195. A. J. A. GANTIRR, J. G. Domay, and J. T.

PERSIN. “An improved manure.” Dated Jan. 21, 207. C. SHARPS. “Improvements in breech-load machine with a reservoir on wheels it may be made 1859.

ng repeating fire-arms.” Dated Jan. 22, 1859. fit for use as a fire engine, and by connecting it with This consists in mixing guano with peat. Patent This relates to breech-loading repeating fire-arms other suitable appliances it may be rendered applicable abandoned.

in which a cartridge is used consisting of a case con. as a ship pump, or as any other ordinary kind of 196. W. H. MORRISON and H. KINDSEY." Improve- taining the powder with a bullet attached to one end pump. Patent completed. ments in means or apparatus employed in the inanu. of the case, and an enlargement or projection at the facture of bonnet fronts, ruches, ribbon trimmings, opposite end for containing the detonating material. and other goffered or plated articles." Dated Jan. It consists, 1, in discharging a number of the above

PROVISIONAL PROTECTIONS. 21, 1859. described cartridges by a projection formed on the

Dated July 30, 1859. This consists in means for pressing the edges of striking portion of the hammer, and caused to rotate 1768. A. B. Seithen. Improvements in cases or one or more rows of plated or goffered lace, &c., so by the movement of the hammer, the cartridges boxes, and in casings, hampers, baskets, and wrappers as to form a flat edge on which a barrel may be being so arranged in respect to the projection that for holding bottles, jars, and other articles. applied. Patent abandoned.

it will strike the edge only of each cartridge in suc. 197. J. Newman.

Dated Aug. 1, 1859. “ Improvements in the manu. cession. 2. In the use of a sliding barrel-block with facture of chains.” Dated Jan. 21, 1859. two or more bores, in combination with spring

1778. E. Merrell. Improvements in apparatus for The patentee claims giving increased strength to catches attached to the stock, by which the spent washing and cleansing. draw, bench, suspension bridge, pit, and other such cartridges may be withdrawn simultaneously from

Dated Aug. 4, 1859. chains, by forming the axes of the links with recesses their respective bores, on sliding the barrel from the 1800. E. J. Cordner. Improvements in the apand bosses or curved projections. Patent completed. fixed breech-piece. 3. In the use of a dog or catch, plication of kites to the saving of life and property

198. B. LAUTI. “An improved inode of, and im. hung loosely to the hammer, and adapted so as to fit from shipwreck, and to other purposes. proved machinery for, rolling plates, bars, rods, and into a notch or recess in the stationary breech, so as

Dated Aug. 5, 1859. shafts." Dated Jan. 21, 1859. to form a check for the hammer, and prevent prema

1808. R. T. Pattison. Improvements in dyeing Here the patentee uses pressing rollers, and causes

ture discharge of the cartridges by maintaining it the articles to be drawn to and fro between them by ducing a hard steel centre-piece into the end of the

in contact with their detonating ends. 4. In intro certain woven fabrics. clamps or other attachments, to which a travelling barrel-block at such a point that it will form a species

Dated Aug. 8, 1859. motion is imparted. Patent completed.

1822. J. Cunningham. Improvements in and con199. J. EDWARDS. “Improvements in the manu.

of anvil or base to receive the blow of the projection nected with Jacquard apparatus for weaving. facture of buckles.” Dated Jan. 21, 1859.

on the hammer, as the latter strikes each cartridge in 1824. R. A. Brooman. Improved means of pre. This consists in making a link to square or whole succession. Patent completed.

venting incrustations in steam-boilers. A communi. frame buckles, so that the strap can be attached to

208. R. BARTER. “Improvements in heating and tion. the buckle without having a hole cut in it. Patent ventilating, buildings, and in apparatus connected 1826. L. B. Ollivier. Improvements in closing or abandoned. therewith.” Dated Jan. 22, 1859.

stoppering bottles, jars, and other receptacles.

Here the inventor admits the air to the heating. 1827. B. Baugh. Certain improvements in the 200. L. A. DROUIN. "Improvements in covering furnace by a number of small apertures made under. mode and apparatus for partially, forming, and joinery work with metals or metallic alloys, and

neath the fire-bars on each side of the ash-pit, the air finishing the edges of certain description of vessels apparatus for the purpose.” Dated Jan. 22, 1859. The inventor makes use of a stretching or drawing being brought by flues or passages from near the formed or raised from sheet iron or other metal.

1828. J. H. Johnson. An improved signal light, bench or of a, each furnished with suitable plied by fresh air admitted near the floors. There and in the apparatus employed in the production dies, matrixes, or blocks for the purpose named in the

are other features included. Patent completed. thereof. A communication. title. Patent abandoned.

209. W. C. HOMERSHAM. Improvements in 1830. G. T. Bousfield. Improvements in revivifying 201. D. MOSELEY: "Improvements in the manu floating gridirons or stages for repairing ships or other the scarlet colour of woollen cloth, lace, and embroidery facture of india-rubber thread.” Dated Jan. 22, vessels. Dated Jan. 24, 1859.

in use for military and other garments and furniture. 1859.

Here the patentee combines two series of hollow A communication. This consists in forming solid cylindrical blocks of air-tight caissons placed transversely to each other, 1832. J. B. Babcock. Improvements in umbrellas india-rubber, and then cutting these blocks into so as to form or constitute a rigid structure on which and parasols. A communication. sheets; these sheets when lapped on to a roller with the platform for carrying the ship is fixed. Patent a layer of cement are then cut into thread by the ordi- completed.

Dated Aug. 9, 1859. nary cutting apparatus. Patent completed.

210. R. MUSIET. “Improvements in the manu.

1834. N. Kenward. Improvements in constructing

tubular steam boilers. 202. B. TEMPLAR. “Improvements in umbrellas facture of cast-steel and iron.” Dated Jan. 24, 1859. and parasols.” Dated Jan. 22, 1859.

This consists in adding to cast-iron during the time

1836. J. Cannon. Improvements in washing maThis consists in placing a collar of metal on the rib, that it is being decarbonised by the action of air chines. A communication. and fixing it without perforating the rib, and in forced or passed through it whilst in a molten state be used principally in the fabrication of coins.

1838. C. L. J. Dierickx. A new system of scales, to forming a bearing on the under part of the collar to successive quantities of a triple compound consisting

1844. W. Williamson. An improved machine or which the outer end of the stretcher is fastened by a of iron, carbon, and manganese. Patent completed. pin, stud, screw, or otherwise. To connect the rib to 211. R. MUSHET. “An improvement in the manu. tool for drilling holes. the fixed ferrule at the crown of the umbrella or facture of cast steel.” Dated Jan. 24, 1859.

1846. J. H. Johnson. Improvements in destroy. parasol, the patentee forms on or connects to the inner This consists in adding together, melting, and com.

ing noxious exhalations. A communication. end of the rib a hook which he hooks over a ring, and bining in melting-pots or crucibles the following sub

Dated Aug. 10, 1859. confines that ring in the ferrule. In like manner to stances :-1. Crude steel, which the patentee terms 1850. T. A. Temperton. Improvements in pipes connect the stretcher to the sliding ferrule, he forms “iron-ore steel,” obtained from iron ores or oxydes for smoking tobacco. a hook in the inner end, and passes that orer a ring of iron, first deoxydised or deprived of their oxygen 1852. G. Capper. Improvements in the permanent fixed in the ferrule. Patent completed.

by cementation with carbonaceous matter, and then way of railways. 203. E. DORSETT and J. B. BLYTIB. “Improve converted into a steel by a further cementation in 1854. J. J. Speed, jun. Improvements in the ments in the distillation of oil from coal-tar, and in contact with carbonaceous matter. 2. A triple com. manufacture of pipes, tubes, and hollow cylinders. apparatus for preserving timber therewith.” Dated pound consisting of iron, carbon, and manganese, such

Dated Aug. 11, 1859. Jan. 22, 1859. as the “Spiegel Eisen " of Rhenish Prussia. Patent

1855. R. and G. Heaton. Improvements in coinThe patentees claim, 1, the distillation of gas tar completed. by a continuous process from the ordinary distilling 212. R. A. BROOMAN. “Improvements in pumps."

ing machinery: vessel or vessels into other retorts, ovens, or stills. 2. (A communication.) Dated Jan. 24, 1859.

1857. J. T. Pitman. A composition applicable to The use and application of machinery for preserving This consists in constructing and arranging the the lubrication of machinery and to various other uses.

A communication. railway sleepers and other timber with sulphate of parts of pumps as follows : -The barrel or cylinder of

1858. W. Bouch. Improvements in breaks, in copper and other preservatives. Patent completed. the pump is placed with its axis horizontal, and is

204. M. Henry. "Improvements in machinery furnished with four valves, two of which are in the buffers, and in couplings to be used on railways. or apparatus for manufacturing corks and bungs.” upper side and near the ends, and two in the in apparatus for the manufacture and distribution of

1869. D. Hulett and G. Prudden. Improvements (A communication.) Dated Jan. 22, 1859. This specification describes an elaborate arrange open into two suction pipes, which meet and lead by gas and in apparatus applicable for internal or exter

nal illumination. ment of details which can be thoroughly comprehended a single pipe into any suitable reservoir. The two only by aid of reference to the drawings.

1860. W. De la Rue and Dr. H. Müller. Improve. Patent upper valves open into a closed chamber which acts abandoned.

as an air chamber, and into which the delivery pipe ments in treating Japan and other vegetable wax. 205. W. E. NEWTON. “Improved machinery for dips. The piston which moves to and fro in the

Dated Aug. 12, 1859. cutting files. (A communication.) Dated Jan. 22, barrel or cylinder is formed of two discs, say of iron,

1862. W. Clark. Certain improvements in oscillat. 1859.

between which are placed two larger discs of leather, ing engines. A communication. This consists, 1, in the use of a circular chisel, which or other like material, the edges of which turn over

1863. A. Evaux. Artificial marbles. is rolled over the blank; the chisel being so adjusted the edges of the iron discs and lie against the

1864. W. H. Tooth. Improvements in the mode of to the surface of the blank that it shall sink a given cylinder. The inner end of the piston rod passes cleaning or laying the dust of pavements, roads, or distance into it. 3. In holding that face of the blank through all the discs and has screwed upon the ex

other surfaces. which is being cut up against å face plate or rest by tremity of it a nut which keeps the whole together. 1865. J. Philp. An improved hobby-horse or child's

exerciser. pressure against its opposite side. 3. In clamping The piston-rod is furnished at its outer end with a the blank rigidly while a cut is being made and re. cross-head, the ends of which carry other rods passing

Dated Aug. 13, 1869. leasing it preparatory to its being fed. 4. In a de. back along the outside of the cylinder through guides 1867. D. Campbell. Improvements in the preparavice for holding the blank while a cut is being made on its sides. Above or below these rods are other rods tion of oils for medicinal and other purposes. Patent completed.

oscillating on centres, and carrying handles like those of 1868. J. Brown. Improving false shirt fronts. 206. T. W. RAMMELL. “Improvements in atmo- ordinarypumps. From the middle of these rods depend 1870. W. Green and W. and F. Fawcett. Im. spheric propulsion, and the structures, tubes, machi. or stand up (as the case may be) grooved side pieces, in provements in the manufacture of rugs. nery, and apparatus applicable thereto." Dated the grooves of which rollers attached to the side rods 1871. R. Clegg and R. Fell. Apparatus for obtain. Jan 22, 1859.

of the piston are confined, so that as the handles are ing aërated fresh water from salt water. This invention is not described apart from the worked up and down the piston rod and piston may 1872. J. and W. Stuart. Improvements in nets for drawings. Patent completed.

thereby be caused to reciprocate. By mounting the fishing, and for other purposes.


2280 3 229 0






1873. K. Bühring. An improvement in obtaining 1443. J. Luis. Gas burners. A communication. Rock Ferry, in Bebington, &c. Specifications, Mr. Cunspring power, and in its application to various pur- 1414. L. Barroux. Railroad.

ningham, Engineer, 5 Cook-street, Liverpool. No date poses.

1500. G. T. Bousfield. Winding. A communica

given. 1874. R. I. Watts, J. Offord, and J. R. Thomas. A tion.

BEWERING, PAVING, &c., Manchester.-For sewering,

levelling, paving, flagging, channeling, and completing method of condensing and consuming smoke and other 1572. E. A. Wood. Raising and lowering boats. the parts of 4 streets within the Newton district. Parproducts of coals, ores, and similar substances, and re- 1601. J. Luis. Washing wool. A communication. ticulars, Messrs. Corbett and Raby, Surveyors to the ducing them to useful materials.

1749. C. W. Smith. Electric telegraphs.

Newton Heath Local Board of Health, Queen's Cham1875. H. T. Lambert. Improved apparatus to be 1774. W. Campbell and G. Worstonholm. Nails. Srong Bridge, Blackburn.-For the erection of a stone

ber, Market-street, Manchester, Soptember 15. adapted to ships' tackle or boats, for the purpose of Partly a communication.

bridge across the river Ribble, in the jurisdiction of the facilitating the disengaging of ships' boats when 1840. G.T. Bousfield. Vulcanizable gums. A com- Blackburn and Preston Turnpike Road and Bridge lowered into the water. A communication. munication,

Trustees. Plans, &c., with printed forms, Clerk of the 1876. E. Sloman. An improved feed water and 1843. J. D. Bryant. Lime.

Trustees, Sharrock Fold, Blackburn ; to whom tenders, heating apparatus. A communication.

1872. J. Stuart. Nets.

September 14. 1877. J. R. Rostron. Improvements in locomotive 1903. W, Wilson. Earthenware.

NEW SEWERS, Derby.--Also the construction of flushing

cisterns, side entrances, &c., in several roads and streets. furnaces.

The full titles of the patents in the above list can be as- Plans and drawings, Offices of the Local Board of 1878. C. MATHER. Improvements in machinery certained by referring back to their numbers in the list

of Health, Full-street, Derby. Tenders to September 6th. for stretching, drying, and finishing fabrics. provisional protections previously published.

CEMETEN WORK, Bacup.-For the draining, excıvating, Opposition can be entered to the granting of a patent to and boundary-walling at the new cemetery, Fairwell. Dated Aug. 15, 1869.

any of the parties in the above list who have given notice of Plans, &e., Office of Mr. S. Hall, Clerk to the Burial 1879. S. Harrison. Broiling of chops or any other their intention to proceed, within twenty-one days from the Board, Irwell Terrace, Bacup, on September 12. Tendens, kind of meat.

date of the Gazette in which the notice appears, by leaving Four COTTAGES, Staffordshire.--For the erection of four 1880. J. Jeyes. An improvement in the manufac-objection to the application. at the Commissioners' office particulars in writing of the cottages at Gnosal, belonging to the trastees of charities.

Plans, &c., at the school-house. Tenders, Rev. J. Fill, ture of boots and shoes.

Gnosal Parsonage, September 8. 1881. C. Kisky and W. Jones. Improvements in PATENTS ON WHICH THE THIRD YEAR'S STAMP BUILDINGS, Spaldington, near Howden, East Yorkshirethe construction of sideboards.


For various buildings upon the estate of Sir H. Mervyn 1882. C. Glassbrow. Improvements in pianos. 2006. B. A. Graautoff 2023. J. Gregory.

Vavasour, Bart. Plans, &c., after Monday next at the 1883. J. Chanter and D. Ånnan. Improvements in and C. H. W. Albrecht. 2058. G. Anderson. residence of Mr. Carmichael, Spaldington; and a duapparatus for supplying air to furnaces.

plicate copy at 22 Sackville-street, London, up to Sept. 2007. T. Watson. 2102. C. Brook, jun.

B; afterward at 17 Tenant-etreet, Derby ; at which two 1884. E. Stone. "Improvements in machinery for

last-named places bills and forms, the architects being cutting veneers. A communication.

LIST OF SPECIFICATIONS, &c., Messrs. Stevens and Robinson, of Derby and London. 1885. J. Poupard. A certain elastic combination Published during the roeok ending Aug. 27, 1859. Tenders by noon, Sept. 12, to Sir Henry M. Varasour. to be used for blackleading stoves and other ironwork.

SCHOOL AND MASTER'S RESIDENCE, Llanairk, near AborDatod Aug. 16, 1859.

ayton.—Plans, &c., Rev. D. J. Jones, Vicar of Llanaith, No. Pr. No. Pr. No. Pr. No. Pr. No. Pr.

No. Pr.

or at Mr. Withers, Architect, 51 Doughty-street, London. 1887. H. Batchelor. Improvements in steam and

Tenders to Sept. 10th.

s d other motive power engines.

PEWTER WARE, Nary.-The contract for a period of 4 137 6 7 1600 4 175,0 S 1900 9 2050 11 221 0 7 1889. W. Gossage. Improvements in the treat

years certain, commencing January 1, 1860. Forms and 1380 3 161.0 101 1760 8 1910 3 2000 11 2220 3 information, Steward's Office, Greenwich. Tenders, ment of certain offensive liquids and of noxious gases 1400 3 1620 10 1770 6 1920 5 2080 722310 10 Sept. 8, at Greenwich Hospital. liberated from such liquids.

149 0 7 1630 3 1781 1930 10 2090 10 2210 3 MARKS OF DISTINCTIOX, Nary.--For supplying and de1890. J. C. Haddan. Improvements in wads for 1430 7 1610 3 1790 | 1910 62100 4 225,0 3 livering into Her Majesty's Victualling Stores at Dept. projectiles, and in projectiles to be used therewith.

149 0 7 165 0 31 1800 3 195 0 3 2110 5 2260 3 ford, Gosport, and Plymouth, all such marks of distinc

150 0 10 1660 61 18110 8: 1960 3 2120 6 22710 10 1891. J. C. Haddan. Improvements in machinery

tion' for petty officers and leading seamen of Her 15210 3 1670 101 1820 3 197/0 10 2131 1

Majesty's Navy as shall from time to time be demanded or apparatus for rifling cannon. 153 2 9 1680 100 1830 81 1980 10 2140

under a contract for i 2 months certain, and further imtil Dated Aug. 17, 1859.

1510 4 1690 31 1840 3| 1990 3 2150 3 2300 6 the expiration of 12 months' warning. Patterns at the

1530 101 1700 10 1850 10|| 1900 216 2 8 2310 3 office of Comptroller for Victualling, and at the Victual. 1893. H. Medlock. Improvements in Portland 156 0 10 1710 1860 3 201'0 31 2171 1 2320 3 ling Yards at Gosport and Plymouth, where may be seen and Roman cement, lime, and other similar kilns or 157 0 3 1720 4 187 0 31 2020 6 21811 6 2330 the recent modification of the conditions of the contract, furnaces.

158 0 3 1730 3188031 2030 10 2190 3 2340 6 to which particular attention is drawn. Tenders, Sept. 8. 1895. R. A. Brooman. Improvements in locks and 15910 6| 17410 3 1890 7| 2040 31 2200 3

ROAD SURVEYOR -The trustees of the Yoker and Great keys. A communication.

Western Roads will elect a Surveyor co filla vacancy that Note.-Specifications will be forwarded by post from the has just occurred, on the 14th inst., at two o'clock, at 1897. A. Yockney. Improvements in refining and Great Seal Patent Office (publishing department) on re. the George Hotel, George Square, Glasgow. Applications compounding oils or fatty inatters with other sub-ceipt of the amount of price and postage. Sums exceeding to the Clerk of the Roads, Glasgow, Sept. 14. stancos for lubricating and other purposes. 5s. must be remitted by Post Office Order, made pavable

MAXAGER FOR TAR AND AMMOXIA WORKs. For the at the Post Office, High Holborn, to Mr. Bennet Wood

country. One with a practical knowledge of artificial Dated Aug. 18, 1859. croft, Great Seal Patent Office.

manure making will be liberally treated with. Address, 1899. J. Drabble. An improvement in sewing ma

Walmsley and Co., Advertising Agents, 4 Old Millgate, chines.

LIST OF MISCELLANEOUS TENDERS IN Manchester. 1901. H. J. Hyams. Improvements in the con


SETTER OF CARDING ENGINES.--Composed of rollers,

clearers, and fats. A man with a knowledge of roving struction of wet gas-meters. The tenders and vacancies rohich appear in this weekly list

frames preferred. Victoria Mills, Pacricroft, Manchester. 1903. W. Wilson. Improvements in the manufac

are not repeated in succeeding numbers.

FOREMAN ENGINEER. - Competent to take charge of ture or production of bricks, tiles, and other articles Harbour Work, Scotland.–For the Elgin and Lossie- erecters and fitters, and assist in the general management of earthenware, and in the machinery or apparatus

mouth Harbour Company. Contractors are wanted for of an engine works of about 40 hands. Address, in conemployed therein.

the excavation and completion of a new bason, and for

fidence, stating qualifications and terms expected, c. building a sea-wall, according to plans, sections, and speci. 30 Office of the Manchester Eraminer.

fications prepared by J. Abernethy, Esq., C.E., London ; NOTICES OF INTENTION TO PROCEED to be seen at the Town Clerk's Office, Elgin; or at the

ENGINE FITTER.-Accustomed to locomotive work. Con-
Harbour Office, Lossiemouth. Tenders with Mr. Duff,

stant employment. No club-man need apply. Address,

F. 55, Office Manchester Examiner. (From the London Gazette, Aug. 30, 1859.)

Town Clerk, Elgin, noon, September 10.

RAILWAY, Ireland.--The plans, sections, working draw949, G. Ashcroft. Hydraulic machines. ings, and specifications of the extension from Newton

PRICES CURRENT OF METALS. 954. J. Glasgow and S. Hand. Circular motion. ards to Donaghadee, with branch to Bangor, of the

London, 2nd Sep., 1859. Belfast and County Down Railway, are now for inspec967. J. Luis. Raising water. A communication. tion at the office of the Company, Queen's Quay, Belfast.

£s. 2. p. et 992. Q. Beck. Stoves. A communication.

** The day for receiving and opening tenders will be IRON Rails in Wales and N. 1008. E. Clark. Sewing machinery. A com. stated in the specification," the advertisement says.

of England
...... pr. ton

nett munication.

5 17 6
WROUGHT-IRON BRIDGE, Victoria Railway :- Tenders are

Welsh Bars, in Wales ..
Staf. Bars at the Works

7 Jo 8 1020. P. L. M. Debain. Motive power. invited for the girders of a wrought-iron bridge for the

Hoops 1024. R. A. Brooman. Manufacture of cloth. A above railway. Specifications, 4 Abchurch-lane, and

Sheets, Singles further information J. K. Brunel, Esq., 18 Duke-street,

Nail Rods ..

700 .. 7 10 0 communication, Westminster. Tenders to De Pass and Sons, 4 Abchurch

Boiler Plates

9 00 1025. J. Marshall, jun. Filtering fluids. lane, September 6, before 3 o'clock.

Scotch Pix, M.-Nos. War. 1036. A. W. Gadesden. Sugar. ROLLING STOCK, Victoria Railway.--For 4 first-class

rants, at Glasgow....

Do. No. 1, Good Brands 2 12 0 1037. E. Humphrys. Steering carriages, 4 second-class and 1 break van. Specifications,

Scotch Bars 1039. H. C. Hurry. Motive power. 4 Abchurch-lane, Tenders before 4 o'clock September

Swedish Bars, in London 12 0 0 15 00 1045. W. E. Newton. Nitric acid. A communi. Rauls, London, Brighton, and South Coast.-

For the supply 12, to Messrs. De Pass and Sons.

COPPER, Sheet and Sheathing per lb. 0

Tough Cake and Tile , top107 10 0 cation, of 1,000 tons of double-headed rails, 75 lbs. per yard.

Best Selected........ 110 10 0 1048. R. A. Brooman. Paints and colours. A Specifications and forms of the Storekeeper, Mr. W.


110 20 0

South American communication.

Walker, Railway Terminus, Brighton. Tenders to Mr.

Yellow Metal Sbeathing...... 1049. R. A. Brooman. Frederick Slight. Secretary, London-bridge Terminus, by STEEL, Swedish Keg...

per lb. 0 0 10 Steam boilers. A com.

pr. ton 19 0 0 munication. 10 a.m., September 8.


91 00 WATER Works, Skipton.-For the construction of a Reser1050. J. H. Johnson. Fibrous substances. A com

TIN, English, Block voir, Filter Beds, Grating Tank, Regulating Tank, Pine


6 17 0 munication. Water Tank, Bye Wash, and other works connected. Foreign, Banca

7 3 0 1061. T. Lacey. Gas regulators.

Plans, &c., of Mr. T. Curley, C.E., Local Board of 1062. Sir T. T. Grant. Cooking apparatus. Health Engineer's office, Skipton. Tenders, Mr. Calvert, TINPLAČes, Charcoal, i.C.

Coke, I.C.

16 6 1067. R. Harrington. Umbrellas and parasols.

Skipton, Clerk to Skipton Water Works Company.

LEAD, Pig, English

pr. ton 22 15 0 1072. J. Wheat. Drilling machines. Cast-IRON SCRUBBERS, Burnley.--For the erection of 4

Spanish cast-iron scrubbers, with 15 inch slides, valves, force

Sheet 1076. W. Corbett and W. Carmont. Furnaces. pump, and connections complete, for the Burnley Im- SPELTER, on the spot

pr. ton 2100 1079, E. A. Porteus and W. H. Burke. Presses. provement Commissioners. Plans and specifications at

for arrival...

21 10 0 1107. W. Clark. Alkalies. A communication, the Gas Works, Burnley. Tenders to W. M. Coultate, ZINC, English, Sheet

27 00

QUICKSILVER Esq., Burnley, Chairman, September 5. 1129. W. Clark. Drills. A communication.

per btl. 7 0 0 1259. E. Pasquier. Drying wool.

WATER-PIPES, Cheshire.-The directors of the Wirral REMARKS.-A very moderate amount of business doing, 1318. T. Wilson. Fire-arms and ordnance.

Water Works Company are prepared to receive tenders with scarce any fluctuations in price.
for the delivery of water-pipes, according to specifica-

LAWRIE AND HAGGER, Metal Brokers. 1440. S. Levy. Coverings for the head.

tions for the townships of Oxton, Tranmere, Prenton, 83 Lombard-strest, E.C.

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the writer goes on to say, “The impression held by a class whose sympathies are not ex

"left in our mind by the experiments on board tended to the worker, whether he be right or MECHANICS' MAGAZINE.

"the screw frigates is, that there is a consider- wrong in his struggle against capital ; but they

" able excess of power developed, which is, in must lower the press in the eyes of many men LONDON, FRIDAY, SEPTEMBER 9, 1859. fact, wasted, and that the waste retards rather who perforce have had this theme before them

" than accelerates the speed.” “We see no during long weeks of anxiety-perhaps of priOUR SCREW SHIPS.

reason to doubt that the Orlando would attain vation. In poverty and hunger these men have "There is," says the old proverb, " no royal

a higher rate of speed with 500 or 600 horse stronger appeals to urge the present expediency “ road to learning," nor is there, we are per How a sensible man could write such nonsense the Times or from the Globe. We believe they

“power, moderately used, than with 1,000." of submission than any they can receive from suaded, to excellence or worth of any kind. We nearly always estimate the value of any

as this, we are at a loss to conceive. Is it ne- are ready to learn their own interests from those production of hand or brain by the amount of cessary to tell any of our readers that the power who are capable of teaching, and who they have manual or mental labour which has been be- of an engine can be reduced at a moment's reason to think will advocate the same. But stowed upon it

. The capacity to toil and to notice, as much as ever we please? Why, the they must see, in presence of past experience, endure is our human capital, and is the source

ordinary steaming of the Orlando, and of every the absurdity of condemning without qualificaof nearly all human success. Perhaps none are

ship in the Royal Navy, is performed with only tion the course they have followed, or of acmore sensible of this than literary men. They it is only on extraordinary occasions that their that of ultimate failure. Nor can this premise

one-half the real power of the engines, and cusing them of folly upon other premises than know it to be possible to spin out a few new ideas or facts into lines and columns, and even

full power is called out. The officers of the be assumed without contradiction. Strikes to reproduce old ones with some show of fresh- ship may always discover what effect a reduc- have not always been unsuccessful, and rumours ness ; but they know also that, even commer- tion of engine power would have upon her, even of strikes have not always been without benefit

. cially, the value of what they write is dependent taking into account the reduction in weight; So long as the present relations between capital upon the amount of useful material embodied for the difference in the draught of water caused and labour remain unaltered, the strike of the in it. A new fact is the virgin ore of the jour- by taking out the coals will generally be much workman on the one hand, and the discharge of nalist, which is made to assume a thousand greater than by any reduction which could be the labourer when no longer required on the forms, and serve a thousand purposes, as it made in the weight of engines ; so that by re- other, must be converse and necessary phenopasses on from hand to hand. But all is not gulating the quantity of coals in the bunkers mena in the history of supply and demand. " gold that glitters ;" much base metal is turned While we possess such a simple means of ex- of the question, it is evident that the ultimate

they can assume what conditions they please. Leaving all other questions of expediency out men, and may long escape detection. We have perimenting, and while, moreover, we have such result of success or non-success can alone decide instances of this constantly before our eyes in a mass of experiments already made, it is idle the policy of this particular movement. To tell our periodical literature, especially with regard to discuss such cases as that of the Vectis, which, the working men that they are wrong in their to scientific matters; and we think it our duty with 400 horse power,” but “ goes 141 with it can be fairly asserted one way or the other

we are informed, “would only steam 14 knots policy before this result is proved-before even to notice a recent case, not only because it ap- 250." For anything we know to the con- is a presumption and a fallacy. We believe pears in a journal which has some pretensions to authority in the matters of which it treats, the small engines

, and therefore the quantity of selves, are necessary only in rare and exceptional

the effective horses' power developed by ourselves that “strikes," so detrimental in thembut because the article in question has been transferred to the columns of the Times, and fuel consumed, may have been greater than by cases. In the present instance, if unsuccessful,

the large ones. may work mischief. We refer to a leading

it will be evident that the strike was not called article which appeared in the United Service | assertion that we find “ no perceptible gain” in But, on the other hand, the principle which has

There is really no ground whatever for the for by the conditions of the labour market. It is asserted that "we go on building and our ships of war. The speed of the Mersey and led to this manifestation is probably more con"altering” our ships of war without

Orlando is, reasoning from the Agamemnon, as ducive to the ultimate interests of the employed " ble improvement. Ships and engines are con

high as could be expected when the difference in than would be a tame submission to the dictates “structed at an enormous cost, and when the immersion of the screw is taken into ac- of capital. The value of labour, like that of " completed we find no perceptible gain.” To is known to be defective, the indicated horse agreement between the buyer and the seller ;

count. According to the ordinary theory, which any other commodity, must be fixed by mutual support this statement they say.; “ The Agar power in the same ship, or in similar ships, and this agreement cannot always be arrived at " memnon, a two-decker, one of the first ships varies as the cube of the speed. We should without dispute. When the true value cannot " built for the screw, steamed 13 knots with therefore conclude that if 1,839 horses' power be recognized, and a misunderstanding arises, "650 horse power; the Mersey, a single-decked "ship, nearly 100 feet longer, and with 1,000 gave 11 knots in the Agamemnon, as they did, the difference of opinion may be prejudicial to " horse

power, goes very little faster, while the 4,000 horses' power would give a little over 14 both buyer and seller ; but less so to the latter "Orlando, another single-decked ship, 50 feet knots. No one at all acquainted with the sub- than if the question had been left in the hands longer than the Mersey, with

ject would have expected to realise this in the of the former alone. Nor are there any grounds

power working "up to 4,000 horses, has only been propelled Mersey and Orlando, and we believe the Ad- to make this difference of opinion the subject " about a half knot more than the Agamennon. miralty are very well satisfied with the results of a quarrel, or the occasion of vindictive feelOn the other hand, we have the Himalaya they have obtained in those ships.

ing. It is to be observed, in opposition to the "doing 16 knots with 700-horse power, only

argument of a distinguished contemporary,* that “partially exerted.”

THE BUILDERS' STRIKE AND what in this case occurs individually may also Now, this is an entire tissue of mis-state


occur collectively; for competition alone can ments. The Mersey is 70 feet longer than the It must be with some degree of diffidence and by no means always determine the actual value Agamemnon, instead of 100 feet; and the Or- caution that an impartial writer will treat such of a commodity, and, indeed, often tends to lando is exactly the same length as the Mersey, a question as the strike in the building trades lower the price in undue measure. instead of being 50 feet longer; so that while which for some time has engaged public atten

Among those who would insist upon the subthe Orlando is made out to be nearly 150 feet tion. In the first instance, it is a question servieney of labour to the dictum of capital, longer than the Agamemnon, she is really but which mainly regards the masters and the men, there may be many who consider it as a neces70 feet longer. The Agamemnon of 600, not and can be decided by them alone. Hitherto sary principle, and conducive to the interests of 650, nominal horse power has, we believe, never the law has pronounced neither to be aggrieved. the employed. A portion of those who hold obtained a greater speed than that recorded in Both parties may be presumed in practice to be this view may be capable of sympathy with the Admiralty Tables, recently puviished by us, the best judges of their own position and in- labour, and willing to recognize its claims. But viz., 11 knots, while both the Kersey and the terests. And consequently there is no occasion these cannot go so far as to ascribe moral wrong Orlando have reached 13] knots or 15} miles for any violent intermeddling on the part of the to the artizan who would raise the commercial per hour. Again, the nominal horse power of public or of the press. Newspaper articles such value of his labour by carrying out in practice the Himalaya is 700, but when the engines as we have lately seen-flippant and somewhat the opposite opinion. Those who would meet were worked up to 2,014 horses power the arrogant in their tone, upholding capital on the assertion of a natural right with the opprospeed was 12-922 knots instead of “16 knots principle, and blaming the workmen on the in-brium bestowed upon the disturbers of “ order," " with 700-horse power, partially exerted !” | adequate grounds that he disturbs the conve

or the disciples of democratic notions, must be With the piece of gossip that the “General nience of his late employers in adopting what influenced by the selfish and illiberal prejudice “ Admiral is said to go 15 knots," we have no he considers the most effectual means of ad- of class, which is equally incompetent to form thing to do; we can only say we do not bevancing his own interests---can only serve to

an unbiassed judgment and unworthy to take lieve it.

irritate and strengthen the mutual opposition. part in a discussion involving the interests of After making these remarkable statements, They may harmonize with the ideas of "order"

* The Saturday Revier,

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