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THE ARMSTRONG GUN.

expanding. Mr: Warny has expressed his readi- road and Cromwell-road the ground falls about 40 TO TIB EDITORS OF THE “MECHANICS' MAGAZINE." ness to take any ordinary metal or cast-iron gun feet, and using this fact in aid of a general effect, the GENTLEMEN,—While the question of rifled can.

now in use, and to convert it into a breech-loader ground has been divided into three principal levels. non is still being mooted, and our ships of war are

which shall be capable of discharging from 10 to The entrances to the gardens will be on the lower likely to be fitted with the Armstrong gun, the 2018.015 per minute a distance of at least three the central pathway upwards of 15 feet wide, ascending idea naturally presents itself as to the comparamiles, the .

through terraces to the third great level, will lead to tive merits and demerits of this form of arm when

the winter garden. The whole garden will be surapplied to naval warfare. Now, while the advan. Our Weekly Gossip.

rounded by Italian arcades, each of the three levels

having arcades of a different character. The upper tages of long range and extreme precision are indispensable, the lasting qualities of the material We have to ask the indulgence of our readers for in form, will be a modification of the arcades of the

or north arcade, where the boundary is semi-circular from which the gun is made is no less a matter several verbal errors which appeared in our last Villa Albani at Rome. The central arcade will be for serious consideration, and I would ask, How far number, and which they have doubtless corrected for almost wholly of Milanese brickwork, interspersed has it yet been proved that a gun with a barrel of themselves-such, for example, as a great deck” for with terra cotta, majolica, &c., whilst the design for steel, and finely grooved, will resist the erosive giant deck” in the article sent from the Great the south arcade has been adapted from the beautiful action of sea-air and moisture ? We all know Eastern, and " Plate 7” for “the engraving" on page cloisters of St. John Lateran at Rome. None of these how soon exposure to sea-air rusts the barrel of a 169. In the sentence which precedes the table giving arcades will be less than 20 feet wide and 25 feet high, common fowling-piece; and if rust acts rapidly on

the theoretical speeds of the Great Eastern's paddle and they will give a promenade, sheltered from all iron, we know it is still more destructive to steel, and screw, on p: 165, an ambiguous statement also weathers, more than three-quarters of a milo in

occurs, probably through the hurry in which the length. The arcades and earthworks will be executed and it is a question whether a finely-grooved steel letter was despatched. The word " practically should by the Commissioners for the Exhibition of 1851, at a barrel would not soon become so pitted with rust, be " proportionally;" the meaning being that the re, cost of £50,000, whilst the laying out of the gardens as to injure the precision of the arm, if not to lations between the revolutions of the paddles and and construction of the conservatory of winter prevent it from being fired at all. Do there not, the serew indicated by the table held when the ship garden, will be executed by the Horticultural Society, I would ask, exist some alloys which, while they was moving freely under her steam. Thus, on looking and will cost about the same sum, the greater part of would present sufficient hardness to form the core at the table, it will be seen that eight revolutions of which has been already raised. of a rifled gun, would be unaffected by rust? I the paddle indicates just over 13° knots of speed,

Mr. Lough has completed, says the Leeds Intelliwill mention a fact or two which imply the possi- which again correspond to 30 revolutions of the gencer, a model of the statue of George Stephenson, bility of such being the case. Every one who has screwthen, it was found in practice that both with its pedestal,

the monument

intended for News used a soldering iron is aware how, after a time, making eight, and the other 30 (or nearly 30) revolu: inches ; but the actual casting model will measure 10

castle-on. Tyne. The height of the figure is 7 feet 8 the copper point which is continually in contact tions. This is all that was meant. To get the speed feet high. The figure is upright, and attired in with the solder becomes so hard that the best file of the ship from the table the slip must, of course, modern costume, with a plaid crossing the chest from will hardly touch it. Another and equally hard be deducted

the left shoulder; the right hand, holding a pair of alloy may be made from zinc and copper mixed in Numerous letters written in illustration of the callipers, rests on the breast, and the left on a lococertain proportions, and another exists into which alleged want of proper management in the New motive engine of very early form. The pedestal in. enters the metal aluminium; and no doubt, with Works Department of the Admiralty have reached tended for the support of this statue presents at its a few experiments, an alloy might be found which into which we

cannot conveniently enter. We print neering works; these

are, accordingly, a navvy, a would answer the purpose.

the following as a specimen. It is written by “A blacksmith, a pitman, and an engineer. Now, if such an alloy could be successfully Mechanic" from Pembroke Dockyard. He says :applied, how great would be the advantage which “Gentlemen,-As another proof of the inefficiency of

NOTICES. would accrue, both in respect of cleanliness and in the New Works Department of the Admiralty alluded the durability of the arm, while from its easy to in your number for August, I would refer to the

The MECHANICS' MAGAZINE will be sent free by post to fusibility it might be run into the wrought-iron new steam saw-mill building at Pembroke recently case, which would give it strength and solidity. completed. The upper room is the joiners' shop, and Post Office Orders to be made

payable to R. A. Brooman, at

all subscribers of £1 ls. 8d., annually, payable in advance. Hoping that this idea may prove useful and has a glass roof. The place became so unbearably the Post Ofice, Fleet Street, London, E.c.

hot during the summer, and there being no means of interesting to some of your readers, ventilation provided, large holes were obliged to be

TO ADVERTISERS. I have the honour to remain, Sir, torn in the new end walls to admit a current of air.

All Advertisements occupying less than half-a-column Your obedient servant,

The merest tyro would not have left such a thing un. are charged at the rate of 5d. per line for any number of F. MAXWELL LYTE, F.C.S. provided for in the construction. The Chairman of insertions less than 13; for 13 insertions, 4d. per line; and Bagkêres de Bigorre, Hautes Pyrénées, Sopt. 6, 1859. the Dockyard Committee should be asked how much for 52 insertions, 3d. per line.

it cost for spoiled paper and clerk's time employed Each line consists of 10 words, the first line counting as CONVERTING CAST IRON GUNS INTO

in re-rewriting letters during his superintendence of two. Wood-cuts are charged at the same rate as type for Pembroke yard. It was not a trifling item.”

the space occupied. BREECH-LOADERS. We have been favoured with a sight of one of the To ensure insertion, Advertisements must reach the Office

Special Arrangements for larger or Serial Advertisements The following cutting from the Times may be medals now in process of striking at the Mint, and by 5 o'clock on Thursday evening each week. None can taken for what it is worth :-"The difficulty intended as rewards for the valvur displayed by our bé received after that time for the ensuing number. hitherto experieneed in converting the ordinary forces in suppressing the Sepoy insurrection in India. east-iron guns into breech-loaders has at length It is a fine work of art. The size of the new Indian been surmounted by Mr. Warny, the inventor of medal is precisely that of the well-known Crimean

Patents for Inventions. the new breech-loading percussion cannon, which Majesty, with the legend Victoria Regina-seems to

decoration, and, in fact, the obverse—the head of Her during some recent trials at Chatham discharged be the product of the identical die used for those too

IBRIDGED SPECIFICATIONS OF PATENTS. 20 shots per minute, who has just succeeded in lavishly dispensed discs of silver.

The reverse, attaching a wrought-iron breech to a cast-iron gun, however, presents a totally different device. The classified, according to the subjects to which the respective

The abridged Specifications of Patents given below are the first attempt of the kind which has, as yet, British lion, or a lion, is shown standing in all his mventions refer, in the following table. By the system of proved successful. The gun experimented upon natural dignity beside an erect figure of Britannia, classification adopted, the numerical and chronological consisted of the ordinary cast-iron barrel, weigh. who, with an oval quartered shield on her left arm, ing about 401b., which having been rifled, År. and a reserve of wreaths in her left hand, is extending all the advantages of a division into classes. It should be Warny attached his breech-loading invention to her right hand as if in the act of bestowing

upon sively for this Magazine from official copios supplied by the it; this gun being

also fired by percussion, as is warrior, one of the leafy chaplets. The word India tors of this Magazine. Other papers are hereby warned not the case with Mr. Warny's ordinary (breech-load-surmounts the head of Britannia, who it is really re- to produce them without acknowledgement: ing cannon. The breech is provided with a lever freshing to see represented on her legs after so long Steam ENGINES, &c., 317, 343. fixed at the end, which by one movement lubri. a sitting on our expiring, coinage of copper, whilst BOILERS AND THEIR Furnaces, &c., 369. cates the chamber, primes the nipple, and closes the dates 1857-1858 placed below the frieze declare ROADS AND VEHICLES, including railway plant and care

riages, saddlery and harness, &c., 317, 324, 351, 356, 373, the breech. By an exceedingly simple con the period when the immortal deeds of arms for

376, 379, 383. trivance the breech can be almost instantaneously which the medals are to be awarded were performed. SHIPS AND Boats, including their fittings, 328, 329, 341,

377, 378, 392, 399. detached from the other portion of the gun, so that The material of which the medals are composed is in the case of a sudden surprise by an enemy, and the number to be produced, as we are informed, fine silver, the weight of each precisely one ounce, CULTIVATION OF THE SOIL, including agricultural and hor

ticultural implements and machines, 327, 353, 381, 389. these guns can have their breeches removed and something like 100,000. May those for whom they FOOD AND BEVERAGES, including apparatus for preparing be rendered entirely unserviceable. During the are intended long survive to wear them, and if need

, , ,

382, 400. trials made at Chatham yesterday to test the be, go forth to carn others in the Celestial Empire, FIBROUS Fabrics, including machinery for treating fibres, newly-finished cannon it was ascertained that where treachery, great as that of Hindostan, seems to pulp, paper, &c., 332, 335, 337, 339, 342, 346, 349, 363, with a small charge of gunpowder the shot could exist, and where British prowess must again be dis- 365, 366, 380, 386, 393, 395, 397, 403, 404, 105.

Mr. L. C. Wyon designed as his name

BUILDINGS AND BUILDING MATERIALS, including sewers, be thrown 4,000 yards, or upwards of two miles, played. while by slightly increasing the charge a range of under the frieze denotes the reverse of the Indian Liontina, HEATING, AND VENTILATINA, 345, 317, 350, 360, 5,000 yards was obtained, the gun throwing a

medal; whilst the late W. Wyon was the artist for

the obverse. shower of balls at the rate of 10 per minute, a

FURNITURE AND APPAREL, including household utensils,

A model showing how the ground will be laid out time-keepers, jewellery, musical instruments, &c., 321, rapidity of firing which the inventor is able to in terraces for the garden of the Horticultural

334, 340, 364, 385, 390, 398. maintain as long as the ammunition lasts, the Society has just been placed in the South Kensington METALS, including apparatus for their manufac:ure. current of air admitted each time the breech is Museum, at the North-end, near the entrance to the CHEMISTRY AND PHOTOGRAPHY, 341. opened preventing the gun becoming heated and / ornamental art-rooms. Between the Kensington. | ELECTRICAL APPARATUS, 32).

368.

WARPARE, 336, 367, 372, 402.

together within the box by toothed wheels, as in clock-soldered to the cylinder. This brass hoop has a brin LEITER PRESS PRINTING &c. None. work. Patent completed.

or flange, and it is by this flange that the lid is bolted MISCELLANEOUS, 315, 316, 319, 322, 323, 325, 326, 331, 338,

323. F. H. MABERLY. “Improvements in obtain thereto. To render the joint air tight, a thickness of 318, 352, 351, 352, 358 359, 361, 362, 371, 375, 381, 387, ing spring power, and in its application to various india-rubber is placed between the lid and cylinder. , 394396. purposes. Dated Feb. 4, 1859.

On the metallic casing is rivetted and soldered a plate

The patentee prefers to use box springs with fusecs. furnished with a stop cock to place the cylinder in 315. II. GREAVES. " Improvements in the pre- One or more of each is to be operated upon by levers communication with an air pump by which a vacuum paration of iron bars, of the various forms or sections and ratchets. The ratchet apparatus is affixed by is produced. Patent completed. used in the construction of sheet-iron structures, and

squares to the spindles of the fusees, so as to be 331. F. H. MABERLY." Improvements in appain nachinery employed for the same.” Dated Feb. moveable at pleasure, and the ratchets are worked by ratus for corking, for drawing corks, in taps, in the 1,189.

levers operated upon by racks and pinions. The racks necks of bottles, in the bung-holes of barrels, and in This consists in punching the rivet-holes required are supported or balanced by weights, and these racks similar articles.” Dated Feb. 5, 1859. in the various parts of iron structures while the iron worked up and down by double cogged or other The inventor proposes to compress the corks by a is hot, and by means of suitable machinery. Patent pinions, the racks carrying the levers of the ratchets screw or screws conjointly with other power, so as to abandoned.

up and down. These double cogged or other pinions render them fit for putting into the bottle without 316. W. THOMPSON. "An improved printing are themselves revolved by ratchets and levers, such any other force than that of the finger and thumb. telegraph." Dated Feb. 4, 1859.

as aforesaid, operated upon by hand or other power. The cork drawer is to be of the needle kind, plain, or The improved manipulator consists of a finger. Patent completed.

screwed, or wormed, easily passing through the cork, board containing a certain number of keys or touches 324. L. Bonneau. " Improvements in apparatus and then throwing out spring barbs, so that the cork which are attached to a corresponding number of for registering the time carriages are employed in drawer cannot be withdrawn without bringing out the straight levers; these are connected with an equal conveying persons from place to place, and also in cork. Patent abandoned. number of small rectangular metallic levers which moving from place to place when unoccupied.” Dated 332. N. GEEENIALGI, W. Shaw, and J. MALLIare placed in a circle round the arbor of the escape- | Feb. 4, 1859.

sox, jun. “ Certain improvements in the treatment ment wheel of a common clock train or movement, Here two markers, or pencils, and a ring of paper and preparation of yarns or threads previously to and directly under a horizontal wheel containing are arranged in connection with the seat of a cab or dyeing.' Dated Feb. 5, 1859. thirty little points which the levers are calculated to other vehicle, so that when the vehicle is in motion Here the "cops” of yarn to be treated are placed push out beyond the circumference of the wheel one of these pencils oscillates and makes a zig-zag in a suitable chamber in connection with an apparatus whenever the keys or touches are acted upon by the mark, and when the seat is depressed by the weight for exhausting the nir therefrom; and when the yarn operator. The same touch that pushes out the pin of a passenger the second pencil is caused to mark. is thus in vacuo, a solution of shumac or catechu is to corresponding with the letter on the type wheel of Patont abandoned.

be introduced and the yarn thoroughly saturated. It the receptor pushes in the pin that is against a fixed 325. J. M. E. Masson. “Improvements in ap- is then submitted to the action of " hydro-extractors" post, and stops the instrument each time that the paratus to facilitate working under water.” Dated to dry out the superfluous moisture, and afterwards last pin pushed out comes against it, and thus pre- Feb. 4, 1859.

placed in vacuo again, and (if to be dyed black) sa vents any further action until another letter is made. This invention is not described apart from the turated with a solution of iron. It is then dried, and This double motion of pushing in the preceding pin drawings. Patent completed.

is in a condition to be woven into cloth with a woollen at the same time you push out another is obtained by 326. P. ADIE. "Improvements in apparatus for or worsted substance or alpaca, hair, &c. Patent an apparatus placed under each of the straight levers. taking levels and measuring angles.” Dated Feb, 4, completed. The escapement and pin wheels are on the same arbor, 1859.

333. R. TINKER. “Improvements in churns." and are put in motion by a common clock train. This relates to arranging the instrument known as Dated Feb. 5, 1859. The receptor is put in motion by two clock trains. the ordinary levelling telescope with parts in connec- This relates, 1, to rotatory churns, and consists in Patent abandoned.

tion therewith, so that the same may be used as a arrangements whereby the barrel can be set steady or 317: A. Allan. "Improvements in locomotive theodolite. We cannot give space to the details of fixed in several different positions as regards its rota. steam engines, in part applicable for retarding and this invention. _Patent completed.

tion. It relates, 2, to the bungs of churns, and constopping railway trains.” Dated Feb. 4, 1859.

327. W. R. J. Packer.“ “ Improvements in the sists in making them of a piece of india-rubber com. This invention is not described apart from the plough or plough-share, for the purpose of more effec-bined with wood. It relates, 3, to an improved air drawings. Patent completed.

tually pulverizing, breaking up, or cutting into small discharge valve, whereby it can be readily taken out 318. J. W. Hart. “ Raising water or other liquids particles the earth or sod separated from the ground and cleaned. The metal portions of the bungs and and compressing and forcing fluids, atmospheric air, by the plough-share.” Dated Feb. 4, 1859.

valves are electro-plated. Patent completed. or other aeriform bodies.” Dated Feb. 4, 1859. This consists principally of a cylinder placed to the 331. II. ANDERSON. “An improved construction

Provisional protection was not granted for this in- plough-share which moves a wheel, and by means of of apparatus for winding window blinds, sun shades, vention.

this wheel a pinion, with or without a square or col. and similar articles on their rollers.” Dated Feb. 5, 319. S. L. TROTMAN. “Improvements for the lette attached, studded with rakes or spikes, revolves, 1869. more effectually securing or fastening envelopes or

and by such revolution the earth is crushed. Patent This consists of a framing through which is passed other like receptacles, and the more securely alfixing abandoned.

two journals, the end of the one being fastened to the postage-stamps or other adhesive labels.” Dated Feb. 328. J. HONEYMAN. “Improvements in the con. blind roller. To this journal is affixed by a stud a 4, 1859.

struction of ships, vessels, and boats, and in propellers steel coiled spring. The other end is fastened to the This consists, 1, in forming envelopes with a tongue for propelling the same." Dated Feb. 4, 1859. framing. On the same journal is also a toothed wheel gummed on both sides, and a pocket in the back of Here the lower part of the hull of a ship is built of gearing with

a small pinion on the other journal; on the envelope into which the tongue is inserted when

a cylindrical figure, the width of which corresponds to this latter journal, alongside the pinion, is a ratchet the envelope is closed. 2, in protecting the gum from the width of beam at the upper part of the hull

. The wheel, and on it the end of the lever, to which is atthe external action of steam, &c., by coating so much enlarged portion extends from the bow nearly to the tached the cord, is made to rest by a knee-shaped spring. of the paper as may be required to cover the gum stern, where it is hollowed in so as to form a recess at Patent abandoned. with a waterproof material, such as varnish, drying the parts adjacent to the stern post. The cylindrical 335. T. Sykes and B. C. SYKES.

"Improvements oil, or oil paint. Patent abandoned.

portion of the hull projects well out at the stern, in obtaining or separating oily, fatty, greasy, tarry, 320. R. A. BROOMAN. “ An improvement in cool where it is enclosed by metal plates or timber, so as to waxy, and resinous substances, from oleaginous seeds ing worts and beer.” (A communication.) Dated propeller is fitted, the driving shaft of which is car. hemp, furs, skin, leather, bones, fish, and other

nuts and fruits, wool, silk, hair, cotton, flax, line, Feb. 4, 1859. This consists in causing a current of cold water to

ried through the end disc of the cylindrical part. The animal matters and refuse, woollen and cotton waste circulate through passages suitably arranged beneath propeller consists of a conically-shaped drum, having and refuse, also textile

fabrics and refuse grease prothe vessel containing the worts or beer, and thereby direction from the apex of the cone to the base. dye, and other dyes.” Dated Feb. 5, 1859.

vanes or blades extending backwards in a curved duced in various branches of industry, indigo, lac, lae gradually and quickly reducing the temperature of the same. Patent completel. Patent completed.

This relates, 1, to the use of bisulphide of carbon as 321. R. A. BROOMAN. “Improvements in shirts.” | magnetic, or electro-magnetic telegraph ropes or con

329. A. BARCLAY. “ Improvements in electric, a solvent; and, 2, to the use of hydrostatic pressure,

with water or other

fluid, to facilitate the percolation (A communication.) Dated Feb. 4, 1859. This consists in so arranging shirts that buttons on

ductors, and in machinery or apparatus to be used on of the solution of the oily, waxy, or resinous subthe neck band and front are dispensed with; in giving Feb. 4, 1859.

board ship for
laying or paying out the same.” Dated stances in the bisulphide of carbon or naphtha

through such an amount of stiffness or support to the front

the bodies treated, and ultimately to displace it. that but little, if any, starch is required; and in making are covered individually with hemp, &c., and each

Here the component wires or strands of the cable Patent completed.

336. T. R. AYERST. the sleeve without any side opening at the wrist, but strand is passed through melted tar, pitch, &c., and loading guns and other fire-arms.” (A communica

* Improvements in brecchsimply an aperture for the hand to pass through. afterwards through sand. Patent abandoned.

The strands are passed tion.) Dated Feb. 5, 1859.

through squeezing rollers. The whole cable is finally This consists in forming a clear opening through 322. G. H. Baylis and F. Robinson. “An im- treated in the same way. In paying out cables, after the breech, and applying a closing piece consisting

of proved indicator for registering the withdrawal of the cable leaves the ship's hold, it passes over a species a cross piece mounted on a joint or hinge pin on one liquids from vessels.” Dated Feb. 4, 1859.

of elasticated guide block tackle, that is, over a series side of the bore. This hinge piece is received in 4 This indicator is composed of a circular box, having of upper and lower pulleys, the spindles or centres of recess when in position, which with suitable shoulders a dial en its front surfaco marked with gills

, pints, which are suspended

from the ship by caoutchouc, abuts and holds it close against the baek end of the quarts, &c., up to gallons. On the lower part of this &c. There are modifications included. Patent bore. The hinged piece is of considerable thickness, dial a second smaller dial is placed marked with gal. abandoned.

and has a screw bolt or plug piece screwed through lons only. A spindle is passed through the centre of 330. W. CLARK. " Improvements in the means or it in the direction of the bore, the nose of which the box, having a hand on its outer end, and the other apparatus for preserving grain, flour, eggs, and other enters therein, effectually closing the barrel at the end passes through a barrel over which

is wound a vegetable and animal substances." (Roommunica- breech, and also fixing the hinged piece securely cord, one end whereof is secured to the barrel, the tion.) Dated Feb. 4, 1859.

its place. The back end of the bore is enlarged, other end having a float attached thereto, which en- This consists in enclosing the substances to be pre. forming a recess into which the nose of the screw ters the top of the cask, and floats upon the surface of served in a cylinder formed of wooden states united enters

, the nose or end being somewhat larger than the liquid, so that as the liquid falls into the vessel the by iron hoops. This cylinder is enclosed in a tinned the bore, and which nose abuts against the shoulder the vessel becomes empty. The two dials are worked | has at top and bottom a hoop of brass rivetted and the hinge piece, and has a soft land lever by whick

it is turned. When it is turned about a quarter of a surface of glass or talc, and he produces the photo. | tural or farm implements or apparatus." (Partly a revolution, and so as to withdraw the nose of the graphic picture upon it either in the wet or dry state communication.) Dated Feb. 8, 1859. screw from the bore, the screw meots with a stop in in the ordinary manner. He then submits the film This comprises various improvements in ploughs, its rotatory motion on its own axis, so that the further to the action of bi-chloride of mercury and ammonio- harrows, reaping machines, horse or hand rakes, and Loremont of the hand lever moves the cross piece on chloride of gold, to cause the lines of the picture to presses for cheese curds, fruit, &c., the details of its hingo or joint pin, thus throwing it over out of swell or rise, and become absorbent. He then covers which are too voluminous for our pages. Patent the line of the barrel, and thereby disclosing the bore, the film with a thin coat of varnish, which speedily abandoned. and affording sufficient freedom for loading from dries on the porous raised lines or parts, leaving the 354. R. R. ROWYTREE. "A portable tea-testing behird. The reverse movement of the cross piece other parts wet. and the hand lever effectually closes the breech, and quantity of powdered resin or gum,

&c., which'adheres apparatus.” Dated Feb. 8, 1859

This consists in enclosing within an outer case 2 to the wet parts. The picture is now in a fit state for vessel for containing water for boiling, a gas.burner, 337. M Booti and J. FARMEE. “Improvements transferring to paper, stone, copper, stoel, or zinc. and a series of cups and pots fitting one within the in sizeing or stiffening woven fabrics." Dated Feb. 5, Patent abandoned.

other, as also a spoon, together with a length of 1859. This consists in so passing the goods through the (A communication.) Dated Feb. 7, 1859.

345. E. T. HUGHES. "Improvements in ovens." elastic tubing coiled and contained within a case for size that one side thereof only becomes coated, and in

communicating from an ordinary gas-burner to the

This consists in arranging two or more fires under apparatus, and containing the several parts in posi. 50 reinoving the superabundant quantity that it the oven, the heat and smoke of the lower fire passing tion when stowed away in the outer case. Patent shall not fall again on to them. Patent aban. through the one above by means of the grate bars, abandoned. doned.

which bars may be made of fire-clay or metal tubing; 338. G. F. COANTRELL. "Improvements in the if of the latter they must be filled with water. There fining of sugar.” Dated Feb. 8, 1859.

355. J. ASPINALL. “An improvement in the retreatment of charcoal after its manufacture or revivi.

are flues with valves suitably arranged for regulating fication." Dated Feb. 7, 1859.

The patentee claims the method of melting sugar the heat. Patent abandoned. The patentee proposes to expose the charcoal to the

in the refining thereof in such manner that the meltaction of the atmosphere by a system of endless apparatus for preparing, and combing wool and other used to melt the same, and before the sugar comes in

316. J. SMITH. "Improvements in machinery, or ing shall take place at or near the surface of the water

contact with the steam, steam-pipes, heated bottom or above another, and stretched upon transverse rollers fibrous substances." Dated Feb. 7, 1859. at each end, through one or both of which motion is suitably arranged in connection with other parts; contents of the pan. Also the employment in pans

This consists in the use of a circular currying comb, sides of the pan, or other medium for heating the is fed to the upper apron of the series from a hopper, also in the use of a series of rectangular double for carrying on the " surface melting," of two or inore having arrangements to regulate the supply of comb surfaces, arranged and actuated in a manner perforated false bottoms or plates. Patent com. charcoal delivered to the endless bands, Patent

which we cannot on account of space describe in de- pleted, completed. tail. Patent completed.

356. J. B. REDMAN. An improvement in the con339. J. TOLROYD, * An improvement in appa:

347. J. Wilson..“ Improvements in ventilating struction of carriage ways." Dated Feb. 8, 1859. ratus used in finishing woollen and other cloths." mines, and in combining apparatus used for such The patentee claims constructing carriage ways Dated Feb. 7, 1859. purpose.” Dated Feb. 7, 1859.

with boxes, troughs, and cases of iron adapted and This applics principally to a machine for turning

This consists in the construction at the mouth of the combined, and having surfaces upon which wheels back the nap, and consists in interposing a sheet of downcast shaft of the mine of a gasholder or receiver are to travel, with a diamond or other like raised brass or other tinsel between the cloth and the card of a capacity and strength proportionate to the quan. pattern. Patont completed. cylinder, so that only a part of the surface of the tity and pressure of the atmospheric air required for

357. A. Clark. "Improvements in revolving cloth is exposed to the action of the cards, thereby the supply of the workings of the

mine, and for main shutters and blinds, and in apparatus connected there. producing a pattern on the cloth. Patent aban. taining the purity of its atmosphere. To this re

with." Dated Feb. 8, 1859. doned.

ceiver is attached a force pump or pumps, and by This consists, 1, in making rolling shutters or blinds 310. A. Lyons. "A pocket protector.” Dated

means of pipes leading to the different parts of the of sheets of corrugated metal. 2. In making shutters Feb. 7, 1859. mine, the object of the invention is effected. Patent

or blinds of fibrous material, combined with strips of This consists in applying a strip of steel to the abandoned.

steel, or of wire interlaced with the fibrous material. mouth of the pocket, so as to be hinged together at

318. T. Moss. “ Improvements in the manufac. 3. In the application of an endless band of steel to ove end, and admit of being opened and closed at the

ture of paper and printing ink, suitable for bank communicate motion to the roller for winding up the other by a hasp, &c. Patent abandoned.

notes, bills of exchange, and other documents requir- shutters and blinds. 4. In the use of strips of tempered 341. W. H. CRI8pin. * An improved atmospheric ing like security against being copied.” Dated Feb. steel to connect revolving shutters or blinds to the and hydraulic engine for sailing and eam vessels." |8, 1859.

rollers on which they are coiled. 5. In making reDated Feb. 7, 1859.

In manufacturing paper the patentee combines volving shutters and" blinds of a series of laths or The elemental power is here obtained by the oscil. with the pulp the colouring matter he may desire ; and strips having a semi-circular curve along ench ation of a pendulum, the vibration whereof is caused he uses in the preparation of his colours burnt china edge, the convex of which

curved edges are placed in by the motion of the ship, suitable arrangements of or other olay, oxide of chromurin, or sulphur. In the contact to form the exterior of the shutter or blind. wheel-work being actuated by the pendulum when in manufacture of printing inks he employs burnt china 6. In making snail or volute grooves, in continuation oscillation. The power thus obtained may be applied or other clay and sulphur, ground up with suitable of the side grooves, whereby shutters and blinds may either in a direct manner, or may be used for the drying oils or varnishes. Patent completed.

be coiled and uncoiled simply by pushing them up condensation or exhaustion of atmospheric air, or for

319. E. T. HUGHES. " Improvements in machi. into, or pulling them down out of, such volute grooves, the working of hydraulic arrangements. Patent nery or apparatus for sorting and numbering the Patent completed. abandoned,

threads or filaments of silk or other fibrous materials." 358. W. CLARK. “Improved protectors_for 312. M. CURTIS and J. MILLER. “ Improvements (A communication.) Dated Feb. 8, 1859.

tubacco plants." (A communication.) Dated Feb. in certain mules for spinning cotton and other fibrous Here certain defined lengths of the thread or fila- | 8, 1859. substances.” Dated Feb. 7, 1859.

ment are wound on bobbins, and then weighted to The inventor encloses the stalk in a small tube or The patentee claims the application of a shaft and determine the numbers. The operation is divided pipe of baked clay. Patent abandoned. gearing to communicate motion from the tin roller in into the process of dividing, cleansing, and doubling, 359. T. S. CRESSEY. “Improvements in machinery one carriage to the tin roller in another carriage, for which a bobbin and a regulating counter may be used in the manufacture of casks.” Dated Feb. 8, where tin rollers are used, and the like means where employed, these two contrivances being subordinate 1859. tin drums are employed to communicate motion from to an arrangement by which the bobbin stops the This consists in a peculiar combination of apparatus the shaft which drives the drums in the one carriage moment that one or more threads break. Patent applied to a lathe to facilitate the cutting of the to the corresponding shaft in the other. Patent com- abandoned.

heads of casks, such apparatus being put in motion pleted.

350. J. HOSKING. "Improvements in the manu. | by the rotation of the wood which is to form the 313. J. LEE. “Improvements in the manufacture facture of lamps." Dated Feb. 8, 1859.

head of a cask. Patent completed. of cranks for steam engines, and other purposes.”

This consists, 1, in causing a greater quantity of 360. J. JUCKES. “Improvements in stoves or fireDated Feb. 7, 1859.

air to be brought into direct contact with the wick or places.” Dated Feb. 8, 1859. The bar to be formed into a crank is heated in a burner than heretofore. 2. In bringing two currents Here an inclined bottom is fitted to each stove, furnace, and somewhat upset or thickened at the of air into contact with the wick, and also in certain under which inclined bottom is a drawer containing place where the crank is to be formed. It is then arrangements in connection with the chimney. Pa- the fresh fuel, and the pushing in of this drawer placed in a machine furnishod with dies, which are tent completed.

causes the fresh fuel to rise up into the fire. Patent forced towards each other so as to bend the bar to the 351. G. TIOMAS. "A double bottomed horse-shoo." abandoned. required form. The upper die is forined with a pro- Dated Feb. 8, 1859.

361. E. WILKINS. " Improvements in flower jection at its centre corresponding to the form of the This consists in shoeing horses with two shoes on vases," Dated Feb. 9, 1859. crank, and has at its two ends friction pulleys to each foot. One shoe, or the shoo proper, is to be The arrangements here adopted are not described allow the bar to run easily over the surface of the die fastened to the hoof by nails. This shoo in the centre apart from the drawings. Patent completed. to furnish the length of Þar requisite for the bend. part is dovetailed so as to admit of the second shoe 302. J. S. JOSEPH. Improvements in coke The projection of this upper die when bending a being placed thereon. In winter the under shoe may ovens, and in cooling and extinguishing coke.” Dated bar to form a crank passes down between two lower be taken off and replaced by a "roughed” one with Feb. 9, 1859. dies, which are ench furnished with a friction pulley the utmost ease and rapidity. Patent abandoned. The patentee constructs an oven with an arched at the upper corner or angle against which the bar is 352. E. BAGNICKE. An improved syringing roof having an aperture or apertures. Over this forced by the projection of the upper die, and these apparatus for curing leucorrhea, and similar sexual roof he places another roof, from which flues are friction pulleys are for allowing the bar to run freely diseases.” Dated Feb. 8, 1859.

carried down the sides and under the bottom of the over the angles of the dies to supply the length taken This consists of an apparatus whereby the curing oven, and away to a chimney, and a regulated quan. down by the projection of the upper die. Patent com. of sexual diseases is effected by injection in combina- tity of air is admitted into the oven and flues to effect pleted.

tion with electricity, which latter acts in connection the combustion of the gases. The coke when finished 311. T. SIMs. "Improvements in the application with the dormant clectricity of the human body, so is pushed out by a plate and a rack and pinion. The of photography to engraving and printing. Dated as to produce the desired electrical effect simulta. floor of the oven is constructed with a shallow recess Feb. 7, 1859.

neously with the injection of the fluid. Patent come into which water is introduced, and the steam arising The inventor employs a film of collodion, either pleted,

from this water cools the coke and carries off the along or covered with albumen or gelatine, ou a 363. W. WALLER, " Improvements in agricul. sulphur. Patent completed,

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363. W. ARCHER. “ Certain improvements in table juices or extracts." (A communication.) Dated of the interior of one cylinder to another, and are Jacquard machines.” Dated Feb. 9, 1859. Feb. 0, 1859.

fitted with pistons and piston-rods, which work This consists, 1; in effecting the ascent of one This consists in the use of some highly oxidised through stuffing boxes in the bottom of the vessel. "griff' and the descent of another simultaneously by substances, such as the peroxides of manganese and The lifting chains are attached to the outer ends of a toothed pinion situated between the two griffs, and iron, either artificial or natural, or the carbonates of the piston-rods by which arrangement the strain will taking into a rack upon each griff, the pinion being these bases. Patent completed.

be equal on each. One or more of these pontoons are caused to partake of the required reciprocating semi- 371. E. HERRING. "Improvements in the mash. placed side by side, and attached together by strong circular motion by the ordinary means, so as to lifting and fermenting of grain for the production of beams, on which a deck can be laid, and a mast or one griff and lower the other by the same semi-circular alcohol.” Dated Feb. 9, 1859.

masts rigged for sailing them from place to place. movement of the pinion. 2. In so connecting a helical This consists in adding to the mashes of unmalted when these pontoons are to be brought into op raor other spring with the "batten,” that upon any or malted grain a carbonated or a caustio alkali (to tion, by allowing the floating valves in the bottom to wrong working of the machine the said spring shall be noutralised or not at pleasure), firstly, for the work, the water will enter the vessel, and cause it to yield to the extra pressure and prevent breakage of solution of the gluten, and, secondly, for the entire sink to the wrock; &c., the lifting chains being made the machine. 3. In mounting the blades in the griffs preservation of the works from the formation of acetic fast to the object required to be lifted, are then atupon pivots or centres at each end, upon which they acid, and for the neutralisation of the existing lactic tached to the ends of the hydraulic piston-rods. The may vibrate, so as to allow them to yield to the wire acid, which latter may be liberated at pleasure by the water is then forced from the interior of the pontoon books. Patent abandoned.

addition of an acid (muriatic being preferable), form through the openings of the floating valves by atmo364. H. JEFFBRIES. “ An improvement in castors." ing the neutral muriate of soda or common salt in spheric air forced therein through a pipe from the surDated Feb. 9, 1859.

small quantity, restoring the lactic acid in its original face by an air pump, which is worked on board an Within a socket or collar of metal, a cup of glass, quantity, and generating carbonic acid, and conse- attendant vessel. Patent completed. earthenware, or steel is fitted in an inverted position; quently virgin fermentation. Patent completed. 378. G. L. STOCKS. “Improvements in steering into this cup a sphere of wood is placed, and is 372. W. E. NEWTON. “ Certain improvements in apparatuses.".. Dated Feb. 10, 1859. secured in its position by a ring screwed or otherw breech-loading fire-arms, and in cartridges to be used This invention is not described apart from the fixed over it, but so as to allow of the sphere turning in such fire-arms." (A communication.) Dated Feb. drawings. Patent completed. freely within its cup. When the castor is in use the 9, 1859.

379. H. INGER. The improvement of blinkers sphere rests on the surface, supporting the piece of This relates to the construction of the breech and used by horses whilst drawing, to be called the furniture of which the castor forms part, and when chamber of fire-arms, and to the mode of opening the Patent Safety Blinker.'(A communication.) Dated the piece of furniture is moved the sphere turns and chamber to receive a cartridge, by which, with the Feb. 10, 1859. allows it to run freely. Patent abandoned.

use of a cartridge case made of some impermeable This invention is not described apart from the - 365. J. CROSSLEY. “Improvements in the means and elastic substance, such case is made to serve as a drawings. Patent abandoned. employed when cleaning printed yarns.” Dated Feb. packing to make the þreech-joint perfectly tight 380. B. BUBROWS. “Improvements in looms for 0, 1859.

when the explosion of the charge takes place. It weaving narrow fabrics.” Dated Feb. 10, 1859. According to a patent granted to the inventor also relates to the means of locking the barrel and This consists, 1, in so arranging the various parts August 21, 1856, zinc or metal plates placed between breech together to keep the breech-point close, and of the loom employed that the same loom may be used the supports to the yarns are employed for catching to the means of unlocking these parts. Patent com- to produce, opposite each rod or slay, or opening in the droppings of the colours of one set of yarns from pleted.

the batten, either a fabric having the wefts of two falling into and mixing with colours of the yarns 373. H. P. BURT. "Improvements in railway shuttles, one on one side and the other on the other below. Now, the first part of the present invention carriages and waggons.” Dated Feb. 10, 1859. side, or two fabrics of lesser width, each having the is to obviate the condensation of steam underneath This consists in applying to the axles or wheels of weft of only one shuttle introduced therein. 2. In the plates. For this purpose these plates are so formed railway carriages a wheel and pinion, or a wheel and arranging such descriptions of looms in sections or as to admit of the introduction into the inside thereof screw, or a chain wheel and pinion, or a friction parts, all capable of being worked together as an of steam or other heating media, which serves to keep wheel and pinion, or other contrivance for multiplying ordinary loom. Patent completed. the plates constantly hut, and so prevent condensed power. There are handles or hand-wheels or ratchet 381. C. L. PERRY. "An agricultural implement steam gathering underneath the plates, and thereby handles to the same, by turning or moving which a for paring and ploughing land.” Dated Feb. 10, dropping the yarns below. The invention consists, carriage may be stopped or started with facility 1859. secondly, when steaming printed yarn, in the use of Patent completed.

This consists of a framing supporting two, three, troughs placed underneath the cradles, such troughs 374. J. YOUNG. "An improvment or improvements or more instruments of the kind commonly employed containing water heated to a great degree, and the in the construction of knobs and the roses used for for paring or skim ploughing

land, the said instrusteam arising from the hot water passes at once connecting knobs with doors, and with the cases of ments being so arranged as to be capable of being through the yarn placed on trays immediately above locks and latches, and other like fastenings." Dated raised and lowered at will. Patent abandoned. it, thus fixing the colours of the yarn, and Feb. 10, 1859.

382. M. BILLING and W. KLOEN. “A method of, then passes away out at the top of the chamber, and This invention is not described apart from the and apparatus for, decolourising tea.”

Dated Feb. carries away with it the impure gases arising from drawings. Patent completed.

11, 1859. the colouring matter. The outer framework of the 375. J. G. TAYLOR. Improvements in writing This consists in exposing the tea to the action of cradle frames is made of cast-iron. Patent com.

materials, and the manufacture thereof.” Dated Feb. steam. Patent abandoned. pleted. 10, 1859.

383. J. Evans. "An improvement in Hansom 366. J. TAYLOR and C. WILD. “ Improvements This comprises various improvements in inkstands, cabs.” Dated Feb. 11, 1859. in self-acting mules for spinning and doubling.” pencils, pens, penholders, and brushes for cleaning Instead of connecting the scroll ends on the front Dated Feb. 9, 1859.

pens, the details of which are too voluminous to be part of the floor of the cab to the shafts by rigid iron Here the spindles, carriages, and fallers, and the quoted here. Patent abandoned.

stays, the patentee connects them thereto by springs drawing rollers, are of ordinary arrangement. The 376. W. A. COVERT. “An improved self-acting of steel or other suitable metal, the tail end of the spindles are driven from a “rim pulley in the first railway switch.” (A communication.) Dated Feb. 10, said springs being attached to scroll loops or other motion shaft; the carriage is drawn out and taken 1859.

connections fixed upon the under side of the shafts, in by bands, drums, and scroll drums, similar to those Here the engine and tender and the last carriage The back stay connecting the floor of the cab to the used in ordinary mules. the completion of each of each train are provided with two small rollers heel of the shaft, instead of being rigid, is furnished stretch, the belt is traversed from the fast to the loose capable of being raised up or lowered by the driver or with a butt hinge joint at or near its centre, having driving pulley; the taking-out motion is put out of guard, and so connected together that the depressing only a very slight amount of movement, but still sufgear, and the backing-off motion is put into gear by of the roller on one side shill cause the raising of that ficient to allow of the play necessary for the full the direct action of the carriage on suitable levers. on the other side. If the engineer desires the train development of the invention. Patent completed. We cannot give space to the details of the invention. to run off on to a siding at the right hand of the main 384. J. PARKINSON. “A certain improvement in Patent abandoned.

line, or otherwise to diverge to the right before coffins.” Dated Feb. 11, 1859. 367. J. H. Johnson. "Improvements in fire reaching the points, he depresses the right hand This consists in manufacturing coffins of glass.

(A communication.). Dated Feb. 9, 1859. roller. °As the engine approaches the points, this Patent abandoned. This relates to self-primers for fire-arms, and apper. roller coming against the inclined plane, will thrust 385. N. Bennett. "Improvements in the con. tains more particularly to that class of self-primers the moveable rail on that side outwards, and by means struction of brooms or brushes for sweeping or where the magazine is contained in the hammer of of the cross bar draw the switches into the required cleansing streets, roads, and thoroughfares, also apthe lock of the fire-arm. It consists in so arranging position. The projection on the cross-bar gears into plicable to domestic purposes." Dated Feb. 11, 1859. the parts that the person using the arm can always a peculiar form of locking cam, consisting of a circu. The inventor lengthens the heads and forms them see at a glance whether his magazine contains primers lar plate provided with a notch and two projecting of one half the width, so as not to increase their or not, without the trouble of taking the whole to fingers or catches, and capable of turning on a pin on weight, but as the handle (if placed in the centre) pieces for that purpose. Patent completed.

the tie connecting the switches, which prevents the would be found awkward in the hands of the operator, 368. G. BOWER. for the manufacture of illuminating gas.” "Improvements in apparatus switches from being moved by any other agency than he proposes forming it Y shaped, either in pieces, or

Dated

the action of the moveable rails. By the use of this by splitting the handle about one third of its length, Feb. 9, 1859.

switch the necessity for employing pointsmen is inserting each of the prongs in the broom-head about The specification of this invention is too elaborate entirely dispensed with. Patent completed.

one-third distance from each end thereof. As in de for us to quote it at sufficient length for an intelligible 377. R. J. ELLIS. “Improvements in apparatus creasing the width of the broom head now in use the abstract. * Patent completed.

for lifting sunken vessels and other submerged bodies.” power of resistance would be lessened, he proposes, 369. J. E. MCCONNELL. “Improvements in steam Dated Feb. 10, 1859.

so as to obtain sufficient resistance, that the bone, boilers, and in the generation and treatment of This consists of one or more cylindrical or other &c., whereof the brush is composed shall be of Dated Feb. 9, 1859.

shaped vessels of large capacity. Each vessel has different strengths and sizes, and that the lesser size This consists, 1, in so arranging and fitting up the two or more floating ball valves which open inwardly, should be placed in that part of the broom-head tubes of steam boilers that the heated current of and a large spring valve or valves which open out- farthest from the operator. Patent abandoned. gaseous matter passing through them may be effec-wardly when the internal pressure is greater than the 386. H. BRUCE. " Improvements in apparatus for tually commingled and applied to the tube surface. external pressure. These pontoons are fitted internally the manufacture of paper." Dated Feb. 11, 1859. 2. In a mode of superheating steam. Patent com- with a number of hydraulic cylinders placed in a This relates to a mode of manufacturing paper 50 pleted.

longitudinal line with the floating and spring valves. that the web as it leaves the paper-making or air370. W. E. NEWTON. “An improved mode of These hydraulic cylinders are connected together by drying machine is coated with a mixture, in which bleaching and purifying or refining sugar and vege-pipes which form passages for water from the bottom way papers of every shade of colour may be made,

steam

arms."

steam.''

and the web may be coated upon one or both sides. cast, and then a founderer's flask is prepared, in the woody parts of the straw already broken by the It is then dried, and subjected to the glazing process which a pattern is moulded, and in so much of the larger rollers to fall out. Patent completed. which produces an enamelled paper. Patent com. space which represents the shank the prepared shank 405. R. BELL.“ Improvements in separating and pleted

before described is placed, and into the hollow in the recovering wool from fabrics composed of wool, or 387. G. HIDE. “A pen for producing a copy or sand or loam left for the head the melted iron is run wool in connection with cotton and other vegetable copies of a letter or other writing simultaneously with in, which, uniting with the burred shank, completes substances.". Dated Feb. 12, 1859. the production of the original.” Dated Feb. 11, 1859. the bolt, &c. Patent abandoned.

The patentee takes muriate of manganese, such as The inventor employs a pen of extreme hardness 397. J. CRABTREE. “Improvements in the manu. is ordinarily obtained as a residuum in the manufacor rigidity, so that when writing upon paper with facture of bobbins and spools.” Dated Feb. 12, 1859. ture of bleaching powder, in which state it is mixed ordinary ink, having beneath the paper carbonic or The object here is to form bobbins and spools of more or less with chloride of iron. The rags, comsimilar transferring medium, and under that medium paper or cardboard, by which economy of cost and posed of rags and vegetable fibre, such as cotton or paper intended for the copy, an exact copy of the room, with considerable reduction of weight, are fax, are steeped in a solution of the abore muriate writing will be produced. Patent abandoned. obtained. The inventor describes special apparatus of manganese, which rots or decomposes the vegetable 388. R. COGAN. "Improved instruments for for the purpose. Patent abandoned.

and leaves uninjured the animal fibre therein. The crushing and mixing solid and liquid substances.” 398. S. H. Huntly. “ Improvements in cooking two are then separated by processos well known. Dated Feb. 11, 1859. apparatus.” Dated Feb. 12, 1859.

Patent completed. This invention is not described apart froin the This consists of a combined cooking, apparatus, by drawings. Patent completed.

which the process of roasting, baking, steaming, 389. H. A. BARTLETT. "Improvements in machi- and boiling may be carried on simultaneously.

PROVISIONAL PROTECTIONS. nery to be used with or without the plough_for Patent completed.

Dated Aug. 5, 1859. clearing and cleaning land from weeds.” Dated Feb. 390. T. WHITE and G. JENKINS. “Improvements 1806. M. A. F. Mennons. A system of columns or 11, 1859.

in apparatus for raising and lowering ships along monuments to be employed as sentry boxes, branch This invention consists, as applied to a plough, of inclined slips.” Dated Feb. 12, 1859.

post and other offices, telegraph and fire-engine staa framework extending lengthwise beyond the ground This relates to a peculiar construction and arrange- tions. (A communication.) iron, and vertically to the shafts or handles. This ment of hydrostatic apparatus, whereby a continuous

Dated Aug. 13, 1859. framework has attached to it a driving wheel, which heaving action is obtained in raising or lowering ships

1869. R. D. Clegg and T. Saunders. Improvegives motion to a shaft or drum from which pegs or from or into the water along an inclined slip. Patent

ments in locks. teeth project, and in their revolution take up the completed. weeds. These teeth come in contact with another 400. J. and J. Bennett. "An improvement in

Dated Aug. 23, 1869. drum or roller provided with rakes, pegs, or teeth, refrigerators for cooling beer and worts.” Dated

1926. W. H. Hill. An improvement in the manu. for freeing the first of weeds. Patent abandoned. Feb. 12, 1859.

facture of boxes or cases, and in fastenings for the 390. C. JACKSON. "Improvements in the action of The object here is to obtain an extensive cooling same. pianofortes." Dated Feb. 11, 1859. surface in a refrigerator of a limited size. It consists

1928. W. Hollins and F. Hyde. Improvements in In order to obtain the escapement of the fly or in fitting two or more tiers of pipes in the refrige. power looms for weaving, part of which improvements hopper the patentee fixes to the front of it at right rator, and in connecting four or more of these pipes is also applicable to other machines driven by power. angles, or nearly so, a straight projecting piece, the with the cold-water main, so arranged that the whole

1930. T. Richardson. Improvements in treating end of which comes underneath a stop carried by a may be cleaned without difficulty. °Patent completed. copper ores. stem fixed in the block on which the dy or hopper is 401. G., G. W., and J. BETJEMANN. “Improve.

Dated Aug. 24, 1859. mounted. This stop is adjustable by a screw, and by ments in book slides.” Dated Feb. 12, 1859.

1931. G. Pearson. Improved machinery for manu. it the fly or hopper can be arranged to escape at the This consists in fitting vulcanized caoutchouc or facturing boots and shoes. proper time from the hammer or other instrument on other springs to the underpart of the bottom of slides, 1933. J. Henry and J. E. H. Andrew. Improve. which it acts. Below the projection from the fly in such manner that the side supports shall always ments in looms for weaving. or hopper he sometimes places another adjustable return to the position from whence they have been 1934. J. Blake. Improvements in steam and stop, also mounted on the block carrying the hopper. drawn upon the extra book or books being taken vacuum gauges, This second stop is employed in substitution of the from the slide. To ensure the action of the springs 1935. D. Russell and J. Russell. Improving the rail ordinarily used to prevent the flys or hoppers the patentees fix rollers at or near the outer end of means of docking and lifting ships out of the water from falling farther from the hammers or instruments the under part of the travelling slabs or of the flaps. for the purpose of examining and cleaning their on which they act than is necessary. Patent com. These rollers prevent the slabs being pressed down bottoms, effecting any necessary repairs, fixing new pleted.

out of the level with the bottom of the grooves in screw propeller, rudder, raising sunken vessels, or any 391. J. GRIMES. " Improvements in beer-engines.” which the slabs travel, by the weight of the books thing else for which it is desirable to get at any por Dated Feb. 11, 1859.

which may be placed upon them. Patent completed. tion of a vessel generally under water. This consists in applying to beer-engines cooling 402. W. G. RAWBONE. "Improvements in fire. 1936. T. Briggs. Improvements in the manufaccylinders, such cylinders being surrounded with ice, arms and ordnance.” Dated Feb. 12, 1859.

ture of tarpauling. and through which cylinders the beer, &c., is caused This consists in the formation of an elongated 1937. J. Murray. Improvements in the preparato pass after it leaves the pump cylinder, and before breech chamber, for the reception of the powder, of tion and bottling or preserving of carbonated cod liver it passes to the cock or spout by which

it is drawn off. less diameter than that of the bore of the barrel, and oil and other aërated liquids. Patent completed.

in forming an annular shoulder in the front of this 1938. C. T. Judkins. Improrements in sewing 392. H. RANSFORD. “An improvement in build chamber for the projectile to rest upon, and thereby machines. ing ships and other vessels.” Dated Feb. 11, 1859. prevent the powder being compressed by the projec

Dated Aug. 25, 1850. This consists in constructing each ship or vessel tile being rammed down thereon. Patent abandoned. 1939. H. Smith and T. W. Ashby. An improved wider at the floor than at the water line, the fore and 403. G. T. BOUSFIELD.“ Improvements in revivi construction of harrow. (A communication.) aft parts below the water-line being modified accord. fying the scarlet colour of woollen cloth, lace, and 1910. L. Perkins. Improvements in mills. (A ingly. Patent abandoned.

embroidery, in use for military and other garments communication.) 303. G. HADWEN and J. WADSWORTH. “Improve. and furniture." (A communication) Dated Feb. 12, 1941. A. P. Chamberlain. Improvements in ma. ments in Jacquard apparatus applicable to power. 1859.

machinery or apparatus for cutting, cork, part of looms." Dated Feb. 12, 1869.

To restore the wool to its original scarlet colour it is which improvements is also applicable to cutting This consists in employing, two card cylinders, necessary only to apply the following composition :- paper, caoutchouc, and other substances. and two sets of hooks and needles, two needle boards, citric acid, 300 grains; carbonate of potash, 150 grains ;

Dated Aug. 26, 1859. and two spring boxes, both sets of hooks and needles water, 7,500 grains. The citric acid is dissolved being united to one harness by double neck-bands. separately in 4,500 grains of water, and the carbonate

1943. J. Furrell. A lock protector, consisting of The patentees cause each cylinder to work half the of potash in 3,000 grains of water, after having first hole

of a lock for the purpose of ensuring that any

an adhesive shield or cover to be placed over the key. number of cards of the pattern. Patent completed. pounded each of these substances separately in a 394. H. LEA. "Improvements in changing or mortar to facilitate the solution. When the solution

access to the interior of the lock shall be readily reversing motion." Dated Feb. 12, 1859.

of each of these substances is complete the whole detected. This invention is not described apart from the is mixed together, there is then obtained 7,500

1945. T. Bird. Improvements in castors. drawings. Patent abandoned. grains of liquid composition suitable for restoring the chinery or apparatus for carding cotton,

wool, and

1946. J. M. Hetherington. Improvements in ma. 395. T. WILLIS and G. CHELL. “ Improvements colour of scarlet wool. Patent abandoned.

other fibrous materials. in machinery for spinning, twisting, doubling, and 404. H. GARDNER. “Improvements in machinery winding yarns and threads.” Dated Feb. 12, 1859. for breaking and preparing flax and other fibres."

1947. H. Grundt. Improvements in life-boats. This relates to a previous patent, and consists in Dated Feb. 12, 1850.

1948. W. MacLellan. Improvements in rolling or employing revolving friction discs for imparting mo- The patentee employs four breaking or crimping shaping iron for railway spikes and other purposes. tion to the bobbins or spindles, which discs serve as rollers arranged together in a frame. One of the

1949. C. T. Boutet. A new mechanical mill proper pressers for building the yarn or thread on to the rollers is placed in the centre, and the other three are for milling every sort of grains, dried or torrofied, bobbins or spindles, or the discs may be used for ranged around and kept up to it by springs. The such as coffee and cocoa. driving the bobbins or spindles, while the building of fax, straw. &c., is fed to the machine between the

Dated Aug. 27, 1859. the yarn or thread on the bobbins or spindles is centre and the top roller; it afterwards passes 1950. C. Hanson. An improvement in the chrono. effected by pressers of the usual construction; also in between the centre roller and the two other rollers, meter escapement of a watch. varying the speed of the bobbins or spindles and yarn and is brought back to and delivered on the same 1951. F. Wrigley. Certain improvements in the guides according to the increasing diameter of the side of the machine as it was fed into it. The fibre as construction of the permanent way of railways. yarn or thread wound on the bobbins. Patent com- it passes from these rollers is caused to pass through 1952. J. R. Rostron. Improvements in furnace pleted.

a series of small grooved or plain rollers arranged in bars. 396. C. R. Moate. "Improvements in the manu. pairs, the upper and lower roller of each pair being 1953. W. H. Balmain. Improvements in the manu. facture of nuts, screw.bolts, spikes, and other headed pressed towards each other by springs. These rollers facture of glass, and other vitrified substances. fastenings." (A communication.) Dated Feb. 12, are mounted in two separate frames, each frame 1954. T. Craven. Improvements in ball cocks or 1859.

carrying every alternate pair. One of the frames has valves. This consists, under one head, in causing the shanks an up and down motion communicated to it by a 1955. G. Bell. Improvements in reaping and of headed fastenings to be burrod or upset so as to crank and connecting rod, or otherwise, and the mowing machines. cause a swell on the part on which the head is to be rollers are thus caused so to rub the fibre as to make 1956. J. Heckethorn. Improvements in candles

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