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bolt and cause it to close the end of the barrel, when This consists in a method of forming boiler stays of crossing at or near the centre or other convenient the arm may be discharged. Patent abandoned. cylinders or tubes passed through enlargod rivet or part of the hank. Patent completed.

565. A. W. HALE. " A new and improved machine bolt holes, and afterwards expanded at the ends adja- 587. F. Morton. “An improvement in the confor cutting or mincing meat, vegetables, &c." Dated cent to such holes. Patent completed.

struction of strained fences.” Dated March 5, 1859. March 3, 1859.

577. C. R. MEAD. “Improvements in water gas The inventor proposes to draw the strands, cords, This consists in the use and arrangement of one or meters.” Dated March 4, 1859.

wires, wire rods, hoops or bands of strained fences up more grooved cylinders or rollers revolving, in a This invention is not described apart from the to tension by passing them through rollers, barrels, groored or ribbed case, and acting against a stationary drawings. Patent completed.

or pulleys provided with any convenient contrivanco knife, such grooved cylinders having also tapering or 578. W. and J. BAILES. “An improved ship's whereby rotary motion may be communicated to diminishing grooves, so as to prevent the passing of berth for the prevention of sea-sickness, composed of them. Patent abandoned. the article until cut finely enough, and also to keep wood and metal.” Dated March 5, 1859.

588. R. LEAKE and M. SYKES. " Improvements the article continually against the cutting surfaces or This invention is not described apart from the in furnaces for consuming smoke and generating knives. Patent abandoned. drawings. Patent completed.

heat, parts of which improvements are applicable to 566. J. D. DOUGALL. “Improvements in fire. 579. J. M. DUNLOP. " Improvements in machinery furnaces generally.” Dated March 5, 1859. arms." Dated March 3, 1859. or apparatus for cleaning fibrous materials." Dated

This relates to a former patent dated 1st May This chiefly consists in forming the breech with a March 5, 1859.

1857, and is based on the fact that 4-5ths (by weight) of solid conical igniting conductor, to ensure the igni. The object here is to make the “Mc Arthy Gin" water is oxygen, and, bulk for bulk, water is 825 times tion of the charge at the front of the cartridge instead sựitable for working by manual labour. The pa. henvier than common air, so that when 4-5ths are taken of the back. Patent completed.

tenteo applies a first motion shaft carried in bearings from the gross weight of water it gives 660 times 567. W. JACKSON. Improvements in shuttles fixed to the gin sides on each end of which he fixes a

more oxygen in one inch of water than is contained for looms.” Dated March 3, 1859.

handle; on one end of the said shaft, and imme: in atmospheric air of the same bulk, and when water This consists in a method of constructing the diately behind the handle, he fixes a spur wheel which (in proper quantity) is introduced to the fires in shuttle so as to prevent the cop from flying off; for drives or gears into a spur pinion fixed in the roller furnaces of steam boilers through the spaces between this purpose the inventor constructs the tongue of covered with leather usually used in the above the fire bars, instead of having a cooling affect it will tempered steel, and adapts it so as to be fast at both named gins. These wheels are of the necessary re. give off a large quantity of gases, and produce a more ends upon the shuttle peg. Patent abandoned. spective diameters to obtain sufficient speed for the intense heat than can be produced in any other way

668. W. SCORE. "Improvements in the manufac. efficient working of the gin when driven by hand. except where means similar to those employed in ture of soap.” Dated March 3, 1859. Patent completed.

blast furnaces are adopted. Patent completed. This consists in rendering the fatty, and oily 530. J. Leigu. " Improvements in the purification 589. H. W. PATRICK. "An improvement or im. matters obtained from wash waters suitable for use of coal gas.” Dated March 5, 1859.

provements in an apparatus for chemical and dental in the manufacture of soap by blowing free steam This consists in the application of causticized gas laboratories, or other manufacturing or experimental into them to melt them, and washing them repeatedly water or ammonia water to the purification of coal uses,, which he proposes calling a'paragon laboratory with weak alkaline solutions or spent leys, the pro- gas or camel gas. The patentee effects this by passing forge.Dated March 7, 1853. cess being conducted in a pan heated by steam. The gas through the gas water in suitable vessels, to This consists in the construction and arrangement Patent completed.

remove from the gas not only the salts of ammonia in an apparatus of a smelting furnaco, an annealing 569. H. LEONARD. “ An improvement in the existing therein, but also the carbonic acid, sul furnace or oven, a digester with a dry hot bath for manufacture of paraffine candles.” * Dated March 3, phuretted hydrogen, sulphocyanic acid, &c., which dry heats, a sand bath, and a steam bath, a brazcing 1859.

inay exist also in the impure gas. Patent completed. lamp, to be used separately or detached, and portable; Here the inventor employs a candle mould in which 581. J. FRASER. “ Improvements in ploughs." and the whole so constructed as to be heated by coal. the body and tip matrices are separate from each other, Dated March 5, 1859.

gas or any other gases or fuel, and by means of a and the tip matrice is applied to the tubular body This consists in manufacturing the mould boards portable funnel to connect the same with the flue of matrice so as to be capable of being mored therein so of ploughs so as to have one portion harder than the

a chimney; or it can be used without such connexion. as to enable a person by such movement to expel the rest. The part exposed to severe wear is chilled in Patent abandoned. candle from the mould. Patent completed.

the casting, whilst the other part is left soft. Patent 590. D. PROUDFOOT. “Improvements in Turkey. 570. W. TUCKER. “ An improvement in bit stocks completed.

red dyeing." Dated March 7, 1859. or auger handles.” Dated March 3, 1859.

582. F. W. PARKER. " Improvements in sewing This relates to the application and use of the fruit This invention is not described apart from the draw. machines.” Dated March 5, 1859.

of the velam tree or Turkish oak in the preparing ings. Patent completed.

Hero the patentee employs a needle with an eye and dyeing of cotton cloth and yarns according to the 571. T. Cook. " An apparatus for raising and near the point, and attached to a piece of metal Turkey-red process." Patent abandoned. lowering, coffins and bodies, either for burial or disin- sliding up and down in a guide, and driven by a

691. A. CABANY. “A new system of quoins terment." Dated March 3, 1859.

crank. The needle moves up and down through the This consists of a framework with supports which work which is laid upon a table with a hole for the (wedges) for railways.” Dated March 7, 1859.

The inventor substitutes for the ordinary quoin or bridge across the grave, together with a winch and passage of the needle. Below the table is a hook or

wedge used to maintain railway chairs and rails in straps suitably arranged for lowering and raising the looper capable of turning on a horizontal axis or collins. Patent abandoned.

spindle, which has also an end motion. When the position, one which he terms a double or twin wedge, 572. W. MITCALFE. “: Improvements in discharg; needle has passed through the work, and commences

so arranged that the parts shall, as it were, dovetail, ing cargoes, and in raising and lowering bodies." to rise again, the thread bends or bows out at its the traction and lateral jerks of the rolling stock at Dated March 3, 1859. side, and the hook is then passed through the loop of rail-wedge and chair together. Patent aban

speed serving more securely to fix the combination This consists in taking advantage of the flow of the thus formed. The spindle of the hook or looper re.

doned. current (by means of a water-wheel) to accumulate ceives an end motion as soon as the looper has passed

592. W. PALMER. " An improved railway carriage power, by which baskets of coal, &c., may be readily the side of the needle, and the looper is caused to hoisted out of a ship's hold. Patent abandoned. hold or present the loop in a line with the seam so

break, and coupling apparatus connected therewith.

Dated March 7, 1859. 573. C. F. DENNET. “Improvements in bayonets.” that the needle is sure to pass through it in its next Dated March 4, 1859. descent. When the needle has thus entered the loop, each wheel is locked by means of a friction wheel or

Here cach carriage carries its own apparatus and This consists in forming bayonets of a lozenge, the looper slides endways, and partially turns on its pulley, so that a long train may be stopped in as rhomboidal, elliptic, or other suitable section. The own axis so as to bring it back to its original position. short a time as a short train. Patent completed. sides of such bagonets may be grooved out so as to The motions are then repeated, and the looper now reduce the thickness of material in the section, two enters the new loop and holds it as before. Patent cloths with paper sheets.” Dated March 7, 1859.

593. F. AYCKBOURN... " Laminating india-rubber sharp edges being left throughout the length of the completed. bayonet, the section gradually decreasing from the 583. E. VIGERS. “Improvements in the construc

This consists in coating the surfaces of suitable shoulder to a sharp point. Patent completed. tion of ships and other vessels.” Dated March 5,

fbrics, and also the surfaces of sheets of paper, with 574. M. RIDER." " Improvements in, or applicable 1859.

india-rubber solution, bringing the solutioned sur. to, machines for preparing, spinning, and doubling This consists in a novel combination of wood with faces together, and passing the whole between rollers. cotton, and other fibrous materials." Dated March iron in constructing the frames of ships, by wnich Patent abandoned. 4, 1859.

greater strength combined with other advantages is 594. W. Gossage. “Improvements in the treat. This consists in certain combinations of machinery secured. Patent abandoned.

ment of certain ores of copper for the extraction of particularly applicable to the machines for spinning 584. W. P. SAYAGE. “An improved machine for metals therefrom.", Dated March 7, 1859. called throstles,' the object being to facilitate tho excavating, raising, and depositing soil. Dated March The patentee claims, 1, a combination of processes operations of doffing the full bobbins, and replacing 5, 1859.

by which he extracts copper and oxide of iron (suit. empty bobbins on the spindles. Patent abandoned. Here the earth is raised by two sets of iron cups or able for the production of malleable iron) from burned

575. J. Cowban and E. ANDREWS. “ Improve. | buckets revolving upon axes. The two sets of cups sulphurous coppery pyrites, by the use of per-salt of ments in machinery or apparatus for spinning fibrous descend into the land at different depths ; one set is iron in solution, which per-salt of iron is by such ex: materials.” Dated March 4, 1859.

arranged to cut into and remove the upper surface, traction of copper reduced to the state of proto-salt This relates particularly to that description of mules and the other set to cut into and raise the earth from of iron, and which combination of processes or operain which the manglo motion is used commonly below. Patent completed.

tions includes the conversion of proto-salt of iron so known as “Smith's” plan. The patentees employ a 585. F. Verdeil and E. MICHEL. "Improve produced into per-salt of iron, by exposing it when in shaft throngh the headstock for connecting the spindle ments in treating madder.” Dated March 5, 1859. å dry state to the action of heat and atmospheric air ; "gearing in each carriage, which shaft is driven by one This consists in treating madder with an alkaline also the application of such combination of processes band for putting the twist in the yarn equally in each liquid, then in exposing it when in contact with the and use of per-salt of iron together with common salt carriage. They also use a quadrant similar to that alkaline liquid to the action of air to oxidise it, and to the extraction of silver from such burned sulphurous employed in “Sharp and Robert's” mules for pro- in afterwards boiling the madder thus prepared in coppery pyrites as contain silver. 2. The use of percuring a positive winding.on motion; thus instead of acil. Patent completed.

salt of iron contained in the "mure waters" used for two run bands they employ but one, which in connection 586. G. LEACH. Improved machinery for reel. extracting copper from the burned sulphurous coppery with the quadrant enables them to have both

a posi- ing and leashing yarn or thread.” Dated March 5, pyrites. 3. The use of metallic iron, and of proto, tive twisting and winding.on motion. Patent com- 1859.

sulphuret of iron, both obtained from the burned pleted.

This relates to machinery whereby yarn or thread sulphurous coppery pyrites for the precipitation of 576. R. A. BROOMAN. “An improvement in boiler may be reeled into hanks, and in doing which the copper from solutions containing such metal. Patent. stays.” (A communication.) Dated March 4, 1859. threads are made to cross each other so as to form a completed..

695. J.ASPINALL. " Improvements in evaporating igniter, so that a person may be enabled to carry with papers and cloths, and other similar articles used for in vacuo." Dated March 7, 1859.

him a large number of fusees in small compass, and like purposes." Dated March 9, 1859. The patentee claims evaporating in vacuo by means readily obtain a light without breaking the fusee or In these improved abrading papers and cloths, the of steam or hot-air pipes whether free to rise and fall burning the fingers. Patent completed.

patentee raises or depresses certain portions of their or stationary, maintained at the upper part of the 604. C. Mills. " Improvements in the action of surfaces by embossing or otherwise, producing lines, vacuum pan, or at or about the surface of the liquor pianofortes.” Dated March 8, 1859.

patterns, indentations or other forms upon them in or substance to be evaporated. Patent completed. Here the fly, as heretofore, is hinged at its lower order to destroy their level character. The object is

596. P. E. AIMONT. "Improvements in the construc. end to a block fixed in a key of an instrument, as is that in their use the portions highest in relief are tion of waggons and other carriages for railways and also, as heretofore, pressed back by a suitable wire brought in contact with the substance to be abraded ordinary roads, and of apparatuses connected there. spring. At the front of the block is formed a stump first, and as these portions are gradually worn away, with." Dated March 7, 1859.

which rises above the block, and the fly has a screw fresh and unworn parts of the papers or cloths are The patentee claims, i, a method of constructing fixed into it at a point above the hinge. The screw successively brought into action until the lowest part waggons or carriages so that the wheels of the same passes through a hole formed in the stump in the are finally worn out. Patent completed. shall be able to pass over any inequalities in the block, and has mounted on it a button or stop which 614. G.C. PEARCE. “An improvement in cornets, ground or round a curve without the body of the comes against the stump so as to stop the fly at the trumpets, trombones, and other like wind instru. waggon, &c., departing from its vertical position. point required. Patent completed.

ments.” Dated March 9, 1859. 2. The employment of rails with an upright tongue, 605. J. N. Ryder. “Improvements in preserving The object here is to reduce the number of bends and with a bottom having sloping sides, such rails fruits, and in apparatus used for such purposes. in brass and other metal instruments, and to cause the being for waggons or other carriages to travel on, Dated March 8, 1859.

air to travel through the same number of bends together with a method of attaching or linking the Here the fruit is placed in a suitable vessel, to whether the keys are up or down. This the inventor same together and fixing them to the ground., 3. which heat can be applied by a steam jacket, and effects by one bent or semicircular passage, and two The employment of an instrument provided with a from which the air and vapour can be removed by an straight passages in a moveable valve placed in a box plumb-weight to indicate the gauge of the way and air pump. Around the upper edge of the vessel a or cylinder. By turning the valve in one direction the the position of the rails. 4. The employment of a hollow groove is formed to receive the lower edge of wind enters and returns by and through the bent single line of rail in the middle of the rail or tramway a dome-shaped cover. At the bottom of the hollow passage, while on turning it in the other direction, as described. Patent completed.

groove is a ring of vulcanised india-rubber, so that the straight passages through the valve are opened 597. J. ORR. “ Improvements in weaving orna- when the cover is pressed down by the external atmo. to the passage of the wind. Patent abandoned. mental fabrics.” Dated March 7, 1859.

sphere the joint will be sufficiently air-tight. Patent 615. J. S. RUSSELL. “Improvements in building This relates to a previous invention patented 23rd abandoned.

ships and other vessels." Dated March 9, 1859. April, 1855. One part of the present invention con. 606. E. Drane. “Improvements in apparatus for This invention was described at page 199, No. 39, sists in laying two shoots in place of one into each the transmission of gas and other fluids.” Dated Vol. 2, of the MECHANICS' MAGAZINE (New Series). shed of the inner warp. Another part consists in pro- March 8, 1859.

Patent completed. ducing fabrics of a similar description, but having one This consists in placing a screw, or threaded rod, 616. J. COOKE. " Improvements in apparatus for face only. Patent abandoned.

or wormed plug within the bore of the pipe used for giving signals on railways and vessels, and other such 598. J. P. CLARKE. “Improvements in the manu. transmitting gas, &c., from the reservoir to the point like uses. Dated March 9, 1859. facture of reels for the winding on cotton, linen, of use. Patent abandoned.

Here an air tight vessel is filled with air by means threads, silk, or other fibrous materials." Dated 607. W. CLARK., “Improvements in submarine of an air pump, and a whistle is blown by the action March 7, 1869.

telegraph cables.” (A communication.) Dated March of the air therein. Patent abandoned. This consists, 1, in inlaying discs or rings of bone, 8, 1859.

617. A. V. NEWrox. “ Improved machinery for or ivory into the ends of reels. 2. In covering the This consists in winding a copper wire spirally rolling korse-shoe iron.” (A coinmunication) Dated ends of reels with a flanged disc of bone or ivory. 3. round the cable, and of placing one of the extremities March 9, 1859. In forming holes in the cylinders of reels, which holes of this wire in communication with one pole of the Here the inventor combines in a pair of rolls å will show the extent of cotton, &c., the reel contains. pile and the other extremity with the ground, whereby groove and creasers, which, by their joint operation, 4. In making reels with two or more compartments, tho inventor believes several advantages to be ob- exert pressure in a lateral as well as in a longitudinal so as to wind cotton, &c., of different sizes or colours tained. Patent abandoned.

direction, and thus produce, by a continuous operaupon the same reel. Patent completed.

608. B. M. BELLING. "Improved apparatus for tion, horse-shoe iron, which is concave on its upper 599. J. L. JULLIon and G. PIRIE. “The manu. hardening india-rubber for the bases of teeth.” Dated side, thin on its inner edge, thick on its outer edge, facture of gelatine.” Dated March 7, 1859. March 8, 1859.

creased on its under side, and gradually diminishing This refers to the treatment of bones so as to obtain This consists of a wrought iron chamber of rectan. in width from heel to toe. Patent completed. therefrom gelatine in a solid form, and consists in gular form, furnished with perforated shelves. The 618. W. E. NEWTON. “ Improvements in billiard chemically separating the constituent parts thereof by bases are subjected in this chamber to certain degrees tables." (A communication.) Dated March 9, 1859. causing them to be first cut or broken, and subse of heat. Patent abandoned.

This consists, 1, in supporting the rail by rhomb. quently submitted in vacuo to the action of such 609. J. PILBROW. "Certain improvements in, or a shaped studs which leave room enough in their Acids as are suitable for forming soluble compounds of new method or methods of, obtaining and applying centre for bolts to pass through, while they are phosphate of lime. Patent completed.

motive power, a modification of which is also appli- bevilled down towards both ends, so that an open 600. J. King and A. WILCOCK. “Improvements cable for pumping or forcing liquids, gases, and fluids, space is left between the bed of the rail nearly all in certain parts of machines used in preparing, spin. As also for measuring liquids, gases, and fluids.” Dated the way round, so that a ball can be reached ning, and doubling cotton and other fibrous materials” March 9, 1859.

with a cue just as easily when it lies close up to the Dated March 8, 1859.

Here a flexible and elastic tube is placed between cushion as it can when it lies further from the rail. This consists in a mode of weighting and cleaning two rollers, the rollers being pressed together with a 2. In forming the pocket bows of the same pieces the drawing rollers. The top rollers are made so force (by the agency of springs) sufficient to close the which form the rail, joining the same in the middle of beavy that the hooks and weights may be dispensed tube at the point where such rollers are placed. One the bows, and giving them a bevel underneath, so as with, and they are covered with flannel that the clears end of the tube is left open to the atmosphere, and to throw the balls down when played at the pockets, may be dispensed with. Patent abandoned.

the other end is in connection with an air-pump: and yet keeping the pocket bow on a line with the 601. A. Booth and A. Booth, jun. “Improve. Upon the air being exhausted from the tube it will top of the rail. 3. In a particular construction of the ments in machinery or apparatus for making or collapse ; thus will the rollers be placed out of equi. cushion, the object being to give a perfectly true manufacturing tags for laces." Dated March 8, 1859. librium as respects the pressure or elastic force of the angle. Patent completed.

The patentee employs a series of circular shears tube on either side of them, and hence they will move 819. H. FISHER. “ Improvements in machinery or cutters placed the length of the tag apart, so that over the collapsed part of the tube. Patent aban- or apparatus for cutting thin sheets of metal into the metal may be cut into several strips at once, which doned.

strips, and for tempering sheets or strips of metal.” are coiled upon spools as the cutting proceeds. Any 610. J. A. WILLIAMS. "Improvements in machi. Dated March 9, 1859. suitable number of the said coils are then placed in a nery or apparatus for cultivating land by steam This consists in preventing thin strips of metal creel, and the strips brought to a machine adapted power.”. Dated March 9, 1859.

from twisting or curling during the process of cutting for cutting, punching, and finishing several tags at This invention comprises various features in con. them from the sheets by rotary cutters, by causing a one revolution of the driving shaft. 'The said machine nection with agricultural implements. The specifica. bar to press the material upon the said cutters, which is furnished with a number of circular or other formed tion is too elaborate for us to quote it at sufficient material also passes between rollers. Also in the use feeders for guiding and feeding the strips at a speed length for an intelligible abstract. Patent completed. of rollers for keeping strips or sheets of metal at according to the desired size of the tag, the various 6ii. Sir W. G. ARMSTRONG.“ Improvements in tension during the process of tempering. Patent sizes being regulated by change wheels.

The mea.

rifle ordnance and its projectiles.” Dated March 9, abandoned. sured lengths of the strip are cut, shaped, punched, 1859.

620. J. C. MARTIN. “An improvement in the and afterwards released by means of sliding move- This invention was described at page 199, No. 39, manufacture of cannon and small fire-arms, and of ments effected by the compound action of cranks, ex. Vol. 2, of the MECHANICS' MAGAZINE (New Series). projectiles to be used with the same." Dated March centrics, or cams, a vibrating or sliding gauge being Patent abandoned.

10, 1859. employed to regulate the shape of the tag. Patent 612. J. R. NICHOLSON. “New or improved ma- This consist in forming a smooth chamber at the completed.

chinery to be used in the manufacture of needles, a breech of the gun by increasing the diameter of the 672. W. HALLIDAY. "Improvements in apparatus part or parts of which said machinery may also be bore of a rifle to the depth of the grooves, or rather for preventing smoke and economising fuel." Dated used for pointing pins, and other like articles.” Dated more so, and in length slightly greater than the pro- . March 8, 1850. March 9, 1859.

jectile to be used; a chamber for the powder someThis consists in placing inside the boiler or other This consists of machinery in which the wires to what less than the bore may be formed at the breech flues, a short distance behind the bridge, an apparatus be operated upon are pointed by the action of grinders, of the previously-described chamber. The object of composed of a suitable number of fire-clay tubes of the said wires being previously cut or ground of increasing the diameter of the bore at the breech is from two to three feet in length, fitted into and uniform length where necessary, and when the said to admit at the mouth of the gun a projectile that between two end pieces of fire-clay. Patent abandoned. wires are to be converted into needles, operated upon shall on reaching the chamber expand and fill it, and

603. G. TWIGG. “An improved fusee-igniter for after the grinding processes by means of dies which be forced by the action of the powder into the grooves, the use of smokers." Dated March 8, 1859.

produce the gutter and the impress of the eye of the closely and perfectly filling them as the gun is dis This consists in the construction of a small appa- needle. Patont completed.

charged. The projectile on reaching the chamber ratus for the pocket, which apparatus shall form a 613. J. ERWOOD and J. SKERTCILY. "Improve. consists of two parts, viz., a conical plug of iron safe receptacle for fusees, and also a self-acting ments in the manufacture of glass, sand, and emery somewhat in the form of a sugar-loaf, and an outer


moveable casing of lead or other suitable soft material. and leaving the other parts uncut. Patent com

Dated Sept. 14, 1859. Patent abandoned. pleted.

2091. C. G. Gumpel. Improvements in the ap621. J. YUILL. “Improvements in saddle-trees.” 632. W. E. NEWTOX. “An improvement in plication of motive power to the propelling of vessels. Dated March 10, 1859.

endless chain propellers for boats and other vessels.” 2093. J. P. Kennedy. Improvements in steamEach saddle-tree or curb, according to this inven. (A communication.) Dated March 12, 1859.

boilers. tion, is cast wholly in a solid piece, as near as can be This consists in attaching the chains to the buckets 2095. C. Beslay. Improvements in preparing and to the ultimate bend required, and it is afterwards of endless chain propellers at points in, or nearly in obtaining printing surfaces with designs sunk as also bent to the exact form necessary.

Patent com lines passing longitudinally or horizontally through in relief. pleted.

the centres of the faces of the buckets, and in bracing 2097. J. S. Slocum. Improvements in projectiles, 622. R. F. Woodward. “An improvement or the so attached buckots to the links of the chains by suitable for ordnance. (A communication.) improvements in the manufacture of certain kinds of diagonal braces attached to opposite sides of the

Dated Sept. 15, 1859. scale beams and fittings used therewith.” Dated buckets, and on opposite sides of such central lines. 2099. J. Robinson. An improved agricultural im. March 10, 1859. Patent abandoned.

plement. This relates to scale beams made of iron or steel,

2101. J. Brière. Improvements in railway breaks. and consists in making them by the process of stamp- PROVISIONAL PROTECTIONS. 2103. H. Winter. Å machine or apparatus for ing instead of by forging. Patent abandoned.

Dated June 20, 1859.

lifting and weighing loaded sacks, and also ner623. H. LODGE. * Improved means of protecting

chandize. ships, batteries, and other constructions or buildings 1478. L. D. Dewey; Improvements in spring seats

Dated Sept. 16, 1859. from the effects of projectiles of various kinds." for chairs, sofas, couches, carriages, and other similar Dated March 10, 1859. articles. (A communication.)

2105. J. W. Hadwen. An improvement or im. This consists in the use of corrugated sheets of

Dated July 4, 1859.

provements in apparatus or machinery used for draw.

ing fibrous substances or material in any of the pro. metal. Patent completed.

1589. H. C. Howells and J.C. Howells. Improve- cesses or machines for preparing to be spun, or for 624. J. H. Burtos. “An improvement in breech- ments in the mode of registering the number of per. spinning the same. loading fire-arms." Dated March 11, 1859.

sons entering or leaving public conveyances or places 2107. N. Heckford. A method of purifying the This consists in constructing the steel or iron of public resort, and of determining the value of the Thames and other rivers, and of treating night soil. breech-plug, so that the part coming in contact with entry or faro.

2109. W. E. Newton. Improvements in machinery the explosive force of the powder is separated from

Dated Aug. 27, 1859.

for forming hat bodies. (A communication.) the main portion by interposing a cylinder or ring of 1957. J. Philp. Improvements in the manufac. 2111, H. Jackson. Improvements in fire-bars. copper or other suitable metal, and all are secured ture of soap. (Å communication.)

Dated Sept. 17, 1859. together by a screw or other device. Patent abandoned.

Dated Aug. 29, 1859.

2113. J. Luis. A new brick and tile-making ma625. J. C. HADDAN. “Improvements in casting

1959. J. Whitworth. Improvements in ordnance, chine. (A communication.). mortars and cannon." Dated March 11, 1869.

2115. J. Luis. Further improvements in breaks fire-arms, and ammunition. This consists in causing the mould to revolve either 1961. Í. Edwards. Improvements in the manufac. for railway carriages. (A communication.)

2117. J. Luis. A slip bridle for stopping runaway during the time that the metal is being poured into ture of buttons. it, or afterwards, until it has become partly or entirely

Dated Aug. 31, 1859.

horses. (A communication.)

2119. J. Luis. | 1989. R. A. Brooman. Improvements in treating solidified. Patent abandoned.

An improved dise and lantern 626. B. HELLARD. Improvements in reaping auriferous and argentiferous ores and substances. (signal with double repeaters. (A communication.) and mowing machines.” Dated March 11, 1859. communication.)

2121. S. N. Rodier. Improvements in the regula. The object here is to effect a better raising than

Datod Sept. 3, 1859.

tion of gas to burners, which he calls “ Rodier's reguheretofore of laid or beaten-down corn, and bringing

lating gas valve." 2014. W. Suffield. Improvements in the manufac

2123. A. J. Norman. Paving roads and surfaces. it up into or towards the knives or cutting apparatus facture of artificial teeth, and in machinery to be emof the machine, and thus placing it in a more favour. ployed in the said manufacture.

Dated Sept. 19, 1859. able position to its being cut, and further correctly 2016. G. Davies. Improvements in printing, and

2125. F. N. Gisborne. Paying out submarine disposed of, and this object is effected by the use of in apparatus connected therewith. (A communica- telegraph cables. creepers made of iron or other suitable material. Pa- tion.).

2127. W. Robertson and J. Tweeddale. Improvetent completed

Dated Sept. 7, 1859.

ments in hydrostatio jacks, or lifting apparatus. (A 627. S. WHEATCROFT. “Improvements in the

2038. E. R. Dann and E. Goldschmidt. Improve.

communication.). construction of goffering and rouching machines, in ments in the manufacture of bonnet fronts or lappets

. tion of carriages, coaches, omnibuses, and other such

2129. J. Wright. Improvements in the construc. order to render them self-registering and self-indicat. 2040. H. Jones. Improvements in breech-loading like conveyances. (A communication.) ing.” Dated March 11, 1859.

fire-arms. This consists in appending apparatus to the goffer. 2012. J. L. Jullion and G. Pirie. The manufacture

2131. P. Fairbairn. Improved machinery for ing, or rouching machine, so that it shall itself of gelatine, and apparatus to be employed therein.

finishing the teeth of spur and other gearing. indicate when the determined quantity has passed 2044. A. v. Newton. An improved manufacture

2133. R. A. Brooman. Improvements in elerators through the machine, aud also that it will, if neces. of metallic strips or bands applicable to ladies' skirts.

or lifts for hotels, warehouses, and other structures. sary, cut off this goffered portion, which will then (A communication.)

(A communication.) contain the predetermined length, and also that when 2018. W. Rothwell and T. Watson. Improvements

2135. L. Engler and E. F. Krauss. A new or imnecessary by additional indicating apparatus, it will in screw gill-boxes.

proved system of insulators for electric wires. show the amount of plain material that has passed

Dated Sept. 8, 1859.

Dated Sept. 20, 1859. through the machine in a given time. Patent com. pleted.

2139. W. Weild. Improvements in fluted rollers 2050. T. 0. Small. Improvements in the stereo. 628, N. WASHBUEN: "A new and useful or ima tion of the pulley and lever, or spring, in changing the doubling cotton, wool, flax, silk, and other fibrous

scope, by means of tinted media, and by the applica- used in machines for preparing, spinning, and proved machine for rolling tyres for wheels.” Dated March 11, 1869.

, lights. This invention consists in a combination of a set of

2141. J. Beads. Improvements in machinery or 2052. J. H. Johnson. Improvements in cocks and valves. (A communication.)

apparatus for spinning cotton, wool, and other fibrous reducing rollers, a series of adjustable carrying rollers, and a frame or holder of the carrying rollers, other steam-boilers.

2054. J. Tandy. Improvements in locomotive and substances, part of which improvements is applicable

to other purposes. supported so as to be capable of rising upward within

2056. G. Gowland. Improvements in nautical and

2143. W. E. Newton. Improvements in projecthe wheel-tyre in proportion as the diameter of the

tiles. (A communication.) inner periphery of the tyre increases during the surveying instruments for measuring angles.

2145. E. Collier. Improvements in ear dilators. rolling of the tyre. Patent completed.

Dated Sept. 9, 1859.

Dated Sept. 21, 1851. 629. F. CLARK. “An improved mode of, and appa2060. S. Worssam. Improvements in sawing ma

2147. H. Corless. Improvements in apparatus for ratus for, cutting, drying, and preparing peat to be chinery.

washing, wringing, and mangling. used as fuel, or for other purposes for which it may

2062. W. E. Gedge. Improvements in the manu.

2151. W. E. Newton. An improved mode of, and be usefully employed.” Dated March 11, 1859. facture of nails. (A communication.) Here the patentee cuts large slices of peat of about 2064. A. V. Newton. Improvements in the pro- engines. (A communication.)

apparatus for, condensing the vaste steam of marine 3 feet wide, from 12 to 18 inches thick, and from 15 cess of, and machinery for, manufacturing hat bodies. to 20 feet long by means of an apparaus which con. (A communication.)

PATENT APPLIED FOR WITH COMPLETE sists of a cutting tool of suitable form, and provided

Dated Sept. 10, 1859.

SPECIFICATION. with a long handle or shaft. This cutting tool is 2066. A. Smith. Improvements in strengthening 2164. E. B. Dimock and J. H. Baker. A new and worked by toothed or other suitable gearing. The umbrella and walking stick handles, and other arti. useful improvement in mechanism or apparatus for slabs of peat having been pressed and solidified are cles or details wherein the cross or transverse grain of drying woollen or other cloths. (A cominunioation.) put upon a travelling web made of metal, and passed wood or other material is subject to strains. into or slowly through long narrow drying chambers 2068. W. Ross. Improved apparatus connected NOTICES OF INTENTION TO PROCEED constructed of brick, stone, iron, &c. Patent com. with the discharge of liquids.

WITH PATENTS. pleted. 2069. E. J. Mallett. Improvements in axles.

(From the London Gazette, Oct. 4, 1859.) 630. A. V. NEWTON. “An improved construction 2070. T. J. Perry. An improved construction of 1240. J. Valda. Stud-fastenings. of steam-engine, applicable also to the raising of water. hot air oven.

1244. G. J. Parfitt. Gas burners. (A communication.) Dated March 11, 1859.

Dated Sept. 12, 1869.

1253. J. R. Scartliff. Lubricating cans. This invention is not described apart from the 2076. J. Eason. Improvements in the manufac. 1261. J. Knowles. Power looms. drawings. Patent completed. ture of buff or losh and other oiled leathers.

1280. J. Gibbs. Treating coal, &c. 631. J. CUNLIFFE, F. Piggott, and G. MALLIN. 2078. W. H. Morrison. Improvements in the 1282. G. Hadfield. Henting and evaporating. sox. “Improvements in the manufacture of orna- manufacture of bonnet and cap fronts, and in the 1290. E. Maw. Metallic bedsteads. mental woven fabrics.” Dated March 12, 1859. means or apparatus employed therein.

1298. J. Webster. Gauges. Here fabrics are woven by any suitable mechanism 2080, J. Mason. An improvement in boxes or 1304. G. F. Chantrell. Charcoal kilns. with the weft floating over the warp, so as to leave cases and cards to contain or hold pens.

1306. J. Draper. Indices. races, and the ornamental velvet effects or patterns 2082. W. Elliott. Improvements in the manufac- 1311. W. Weild. Pile fabrics. required are produced by cutting parts of the races ture of African or Guinea rods.

1314. L. Farrence and B. Subra. Gas lighting.

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1315. H. N. Nissen. Indexes.

MAGISTRATE's Room AND POLICE STATIOy, Daventry' 1316. G. Hadfield. Casks.


Northamptonshire. For the erection of a magistrates 1328, J. Bruce. Drills.

6. M. Poole.
103. C. Lungley.

room and police station at Daventry. Plans, &c., at

the office of Mr. James Milne, county surveyor, Nor1331. O. Maggs. Harrows.

9. G. Green,
123. R. Whytock.

thampton. The tenders must be made in two parts, one 1332. W. Green. Treating sugar.

16. M. Poole.

142. H. B. Barlow. stating the amount for the police station, and the other 1344. G. H. Smith. Sewing machines.

19. M. Poole.
156. J. Brown.

the amount for the magistrates' room. Tenders to 1315. P. Gambardella. Obtaining motive power. 21. M. Poole.

160. J. Burch.

Oct. 17. 1318. F. and A. Roberts. Cultivating land.

28. M. Poole,

163. M. Poole.

Gas Fittings, Stone, Staffordshire.—The churchwardens 1351. F. W. Saltonstall and A. Bush. Dredging. 30. M. Poole,

172. J. Jobson.

of Stone parish church are desirous to receive specifica1363. R. W. Sievier. Smelting.

33. M. Poole.
181. J. Needham.

tions and tenders to contract to supply and set np the 1365. R. Mushet. Iron and steel.

necessary fittings for lighting the church with gas in the 37. M. Poole. 187. A. Miller:

most approved manner. The area of the church is 70 1379. C. James. Railway chairs.

41. J. Barrans.
214. T. Kennedy.

feet by 51 feet; height, 34 feet; roof flat. No pillars or 1395. C. de Bergue. Shearing metal. (Partly a 43. M. Poole.

237. H. Jäger.

columns, saving the iron ones, which support the gallecommunication.)

56. J. Finlay.

216. G. H. Cottam. ries on three sides. Address, the church wardens, 1402. W. Burness. Steain-culture machinery. 57. J.J. Macdonnell. 251. A. E. L. Bellford. WORK AND MATERIALS, St. Luke, Chelsea.- For the cre1436. E. J. Maumené and V. Rogelet. Potash. 77. S. Soulby.

272. J. Hill.

cution of works and the supply of materials connected 1509. C. F. and C. J. Varley. Electric conductors. 96. H. Bridson.

275. A. R. de Normandy.

with the trades of paviors, masons, stone merchants, and 1622. P. Faure and J. Pernod. Madder.

others, in the parish of St. Luke, Chelsea, as may be re

quired and directed. Further particulars and forms of 1737. J. Hinks and G. Wells. Dress fastening. LIST OF SPECIFICATIONS, &c.,

tender of Mr. Charles Lahee, vestry clerk, offices, Manor1757. T. Culpin. Water-closets, &c.

house, 111 King's-road, Chelsea; where tenders, Oct. 10. 1799. R. A. Brooman. Mills. (A communication.)

Published during the week ending Sept. 30, 1859.

IRON BOREINGS AND TURNINGS, War Office.-Tenders will 1820. E. T. Hughes. Chenille. (A communication.)

be received at this office, on or before the 10th October, 1886. W. Leatham. Screw throttle valve. No.Pr. No. Pr. No. Pr. No. Pr. No. Pr. No. Pr.

for the purchase of iron boreings and turnings from the

Royal gun factories, Woolwich. Tenders must be made 1916. R. A. Brooman. Spinning. (A communi

upon the proper printed form, which may be obtained at cation.)

d S d

this office, or to the superintendent of the Royal gun 1985. A. Smith. Cocoa nut fibre. 4990 3 5190 3 532 0 3 513 0 7 5510 4 565 0 3

factories, from whom all information respecting the iron 50311 3 5200 6 5330 3 5410 1 555 0 3

5600 7 1998. P. Wright. Anvils.

may be obtained. All tenders to be addressed to the 5052 9 5210 8 5310 3 5450 3 556 0 567 0 3 2059. J. G. N. Alleyne. Wrought iron beams.

Under Secretary of State for War. 5070 7 5230 5350 3 546 0 3 557 0 9 568 0 3 2064. A. V. Newton. Hat bodies. (A communica 5090 35210 5 5360 S 5170 5550 10 569 0 3

Oils, Narý.-For supplying Her Majesty's several docktion.)

7 525 0 7 5370 6 5190 3.559 1 10 5700 6

yards with Gallipoli oil, linseed oil, and English or 2071. T. G. Gutch. Copying books. 5100 3

Distributions of articles and 5270

Russian white tallow.

C 538 0 3 5490 35600 65710 3 2080, J. Mason. Cases and cards for pens.

5122 8 528 0 11 539 0 10
5500 5610 3 5720 3

forms of tender, Somerset-place. Tenders with presence 5131 4 5290 7 5400 3 5510 56210 C 573 0 7 2081. H. G. Collins. Printing blocks and inks.

of principal or agent; and bond-letter to the extent of 51107 530.0 54110 6 3520 3,563 0 3 5750 9

£25 per cent. of the tender, two o'clock, Oct. 11. 2089. W. E. Newton. Drying fabrics. (A com. 5150 3 531 0 10 5420 3 5530 31 5610 3 579 1 0

Oil, Navy.- For supplying Her Majesty's several dock. munication.)

yards with train or pilchard oil, and pale seal oil. Dis2109. W. E. Newton. Hat bodies. (A communi.

tributions of the oils and forms of the tenders at the tion.)

Note.-Specifications will be forwarded by post from the office of the Storekeeper-General of the Navy, Somerset

Great Seal Patent Office (publishing department) on re. place. Tenders, Oct. 18, 2 p.m., per principal or agent. 2111. H. Jackson. Fire bars.

ceipt of the amount of price and postage. Sums exceeding One bond for £100 for the due performance of the con2131. P. Fairbairn. Teeth of gearing.

5s. must be remitted by Post Office Order, made payable tract for train or pilchard oil, and £150 for pale seal oil. 2154. E. B. Dimock and J. H. Baker. Drying at the Post Office, High Holborn, to Mr. Bennet Wood

CAST-IRON PIPES, Somerset.-Some cast-iron pipes wanted cloths. (A communication.) croft, Great Seal Patent Office.

for hot water, gas, and steam. Also rain, gutter, and The full titles of the patents in the above list can be as.

wall pipe. Apply to Mr. W. Bishop, iron and beam certained by referring back to their numbers in the list of LIST OF MISCELLANEOUS TENDERS IN foundry, Wellington, Somerset. provisional protections previously published.


PLANS FOR Church, Stroud.-For designs, specifications, Opposition can be entered to the granting of a patent to

and estimates for rebuilding the parish church, Stroucl. any of the parties in the above list who have given notice of

The tenders and racancies which appear in this weekly list The church to contain 1,500 sittings, 500 of which are to their intention to proceed, within twenty-one days from the

are not repeated in succeeding numbers.

be free, and the cost not to exceed with the old materials date of the Gazette in which the notice appears, by leaving Railway, Manchester, Sheffield, and Lincolnshire.-The £4,000. The old tower and spire to remain; the south, at the Commissioners' office particulars in writing of the directors will receive tenders for construccion of a branch

north, and west walls to be built on their present four objection to the application.

railway commencing near the town of Hyde, and termi dations, and if necessary, south, north, and west galleries nating near Murple, Chester. Plans and specifications,

to be constructed. The chancel to be enlarged, and the LIST OF SEALED PATENTS. • Oct. 13, at the office of Mr. John G. Blackburne, C.E.,

floor of the church and chancel to be raised. An organ Oldham, from whom all necessary particulars. Tenders

chapel and vestry to be constructed at the side or sides vi Sealed Sept. 29, 1859. to Mr. Edward Ross, Secretary.

the chancel. A premium of £20 will be giren for the ap797. J. Cartwright. 885. E. R, Handcock. RAILWAY Pier, Sittingbourne and Sheerness.-For con

proved design. Plans to be forwarded to Messrs. Sidney, 798. C. P. Coles. 886. T. Spencer struction of a pier at Queenborough, Isle of Sheppy.

Biddle, and George Edwards, Hon. Secs., Stroud, b;

Nov. 1. Drawings, &c., and form of tender, at office of the en801. W. and E. Smith, 891. J. Hl. Johnson.

gineer, Mr. J. C. Birkinshaw, 22 Abingdon-street, West

BOILERS INSPECTOR, Huddersfield.-An inspector for the 807. A. Morton. 895. W. E. Newton. minster. Tenders to Oct. 10.

Huddersfield Steam Boiler Association who thoroughly 813. D. K. Clark. 934. J. Gillett.

SEWER WORK, St. Luke, Chelsea.-For the execution of understands steam engines and boilers. Salary £120 per 814. F. P. A. Auburtin. 957. W. E. Newton. general works connected with the sewers and drains, ac

annum. Application, with testimonials, to Mr. Daniel 822. Y. Thomas.

Cocking, Secretary, 13 Albert-buildings, New-street, 960. H. Harrison. cording to a schedule of prices at the office of the restry,

Huddersfield. Manor House, 111 King's-road, Chelsea. Contract for 824. A. Ripley and J. 982. W. Parsons.

twelve months. Copies of the schedule, and of the

ROLLER.- For rolling merchant iron, guide iron, and hoona. Roberts. 987. I. Dutton, R. Mar. contract, and form of tender, at the vestry offices, upon

Apply to Mr. Hunt, Prince of Wales Iron Works, Mill832. M. Coupland. tin, and T. Phillips.

payment of 10s., to be returned to parties tendering. wall, Poplar, London.
834. T. Williams and J. 991. A. V. Newton. The vestry reserve the right of making special contracts.
H. Fuller.

1016. R. Main,
Tenders at the offices, Oct. 10.


1051. J. H. Jolinson.
WIDENING BRIDGE, Droylsden.-The Board of Surveyors

London, Oct. 7th, 1859.
for the township of Droylsden are now ready to receive IRON:
810. J. H. Burton.

Dia 1090, C. H. G.Williams. tenders for the widening of Fairfield Bridge, in the said Rails in Wales and North

€ 8, d.

2. a. pet. 813. C. Russell. 1109. W. Sellers. township. Plan and specification, Mr. James Hadfield, of England ............ pr. ton

0 Dett 844. M. A. Crooker. 1134. W. E. Newton. assistant surveyor, Ashton-lane, Droylsden, to whom

Welsh Bars, in Wales ....

5 17 6 846. E. Morewood. 1135. W. E. Newton. tenders, 15th Oct.

Staf. Bars, at the Works

7 00

Hoops.. CONGREGATIONAL CHAPEL AND SCHOOL.s, Cheadle.-Con818. A, Shanks.

8 10 0 1295. A. V. Newton.

Sheets, Singles

8 10 0 ditions, plans, and specifications, Oct. 11, Mr. Isaac 850. E. Fairburn. 1418. H. J. Nicoll.

Nail Rods

7 0 0 7 10 0 Neild, 21 Brown-street, Nanchester. Tenders to the

Boiler Plates

8 10 0

9 00 852. F. C. Bakewell. 1529. J. Boden and W.

Building Committee at Mr. Nicld's office, Oct. 19, 4 Scotch Pig, M.-N08. War853. G. F. Chantrell Clark. p.m. Information and bills of quantities, Messrs. raats, at Glasgow

2 11 6

? 11 9 nett and E. Dutch. 1538. G. Dawes and C. Poulton and Woodman, architects, Reading ; London

Do. No 1, Good Brands road station, Manchester; 12 a.m., Oct. 27.

Scotch Bars,

7 10 0 855. J. Hetherington, T. J. Carr.

800 Swedish Bars, in London..

11 10 0 11 15 CEMETERY CHLAPELS, Great Malvern.-For the crection of Webb, a nd J. Craig. 1580. T. J. Hart.

COPPER: the proposed chapels and buildings for the cemetery of

0 0 12 861. J. A. H. Ballande. 1587. J. ICollingworth.

Sheet and Sheathing.

0 0 0 Great Malvern. Plans, &c., vestry room of the Priory Tough Cake and Tile...... pr. ton 107 10 0 0 0 0 862. W. Owen. 1627. D. Mathews. Church, by applying to the Church wardens Further in Be Selected

110 10 0 861. J. Scoffern. 1639. C. Iliffe. forination of the architect, Mr. W. H. Knight, Chelten


10900 110 0

South American ham. Tenders to the Church wardens, Oct. 12.

101 00 865. D. Moseley.

0 1658. A. Cooper.

Yellow Metal Sheathing
CEMETERY CHAPELS, South IVcald, Esser.- For the erection

0 0 10 871, J. Garrett.

0 0 0 1720. S. A. Bell and J.


of a chapel, lodge, and fences, and the laying out the in873. J. T. Pitman. Black.

Swedish Keg. tended burial ground, situate in the parish of South

pr. ton 1900

19 50

2100 878. M. A. F. Mennons.


91 10 0 1738. J. Gillott and J. Weald, near the road leading from Brentwood to TIN: 880. N. A. Grumel. Morrison. Warley. Plans, &c., at the office of Mr. T. E. Knightley, English, Block.

6 16 0

0 0 0 883. W. Henderson. 25 Cannon-street, London. Tenders to Oct. 18.


6 170 0 0 0 SCHOOLS, Pelston, in Nottingham.--For the crection of

Foreigo, Banca

7 3 0 sett boys' and girls schools with offices. Drawings, &c., TinPiAtes:


619 0 PATENTS ON WHICH THE THIRD YEAR'S STAMP also bills of quantities on application at the ofiice of the

Charcoal, I.C. 1 1 0 DUTY HAS BEEN PAID.

1 13 architect, Charles H. Edwards, 4 St. James's-terrace, Coke, I.C..

1 5 6 2267. F. Ransome. 2335. A. Dunlop.

Camden Town, N.W., or at the rectory, Pelston, Tenders LEAD:

to October 14. 2279. R. Morrison. 2318. G. F. Wilson.

Pig, English

29 10

pr. ton 925 0 WAREHOUSE, Great Malvern.-For pulling down certain Spanish

21 15 0 2293. J. Dauglish.

22 50 2349. W. Marriott and premises at No. 5 Copenhagen-street, and erecting a


23 00 2305. E. Hardon and J.

warehouse on the site thereof. Plans, &c., at the vestry On the spot



0 nett Henry.

2378. F. A, Gatty.
room of the Priory Church, on application to the church For arrival


0 0 0 2319. G. F. Wilson and 2413. G. Hazeldine. wardens. Further information from the architect, Mr. ZINC: A. I. Austen.

W. H. Knight, of Cheltenham. Tenders to Oct. 12.

English Sheet 2113. L. J. Pomme de

27 00 CONTRACTORS' RAILS, London.-Must be 35 lbs. to 40 lbs. QUICKSILVER..

0 2320. D. 0. Boyd.

0 0 0 Mirimonde.

Apply J. B. Brown and Co., 18 Cannon-street, City, 2334. H. Mackworth.

LAWRIE AND HAGGER, Metal Broken London, E.C.

33 Lombard-street, E.C.





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growth in England, partly because we English But notwithstanding the altered condition of MECHANICS' MAGAZINE.

are so wedded to what is immediately useful, things to which we have before alluded, it must what immediately shows a return in pounds, not be understood that the state of the ship

shillings, and pence; and partly from our ex was unsusceptible of further improvement. On LONDON, FRIDAY, OCTOBER 14, 1859. cessive devotion to antiquity, that “till of late the contrary, we think the services of some of

“has almost systematically excluded from our the sub-contractors—all of whom were notably

“school and university education” the at ready to lend their aid at any sacrifice to themSCIENCE AND THE PRINCE CONSORT. subjects and the results of modern inquiry, selves-might have been somewhat further conThere are two features very strongly imprinted

while it has given to antique things that liveli-tinued with advantage. Had Mr. Hall had an on the age in which we live. For one thing subjects we studied in early years.

ness of interest we feel all through life in the opportunity of finally adjusting his sails to his our time is marked by a very high development

own satisfaction their set would doubtless have of humanity. We were greatly impressed by

The illustrious speaker lays great stress on been improved ; and Mr. Westhorp's great exthis in a recent visit to one of our public luna- the absence of all professionalism and officialism perience in equipping vessels might have been tic asylums. We entered a spacious, airy, aristocracy or priesthood. Its genuine students as we have on former occasions urged Captain

from science. Knowledge in his eyes has no further applied to equally good purpose ; but, gion, looking out on wood, meadow, and river. are not a secret confraternity of men jealously Harrison to take the ship in his own hands, The physician in charge of the whole institu-guarding the mysteries of their profession"; and as Mr. Scott Russell had strenuously tion, a keen, cultivated, humane gentleman, their activity is the republican activity of the pressed the Company to keep their engageand of an activity bright and incessant as a

“Roman Forum.” But if boldness and freedom, ments with the public by proceeding on the bird's, led us through all the wards, where we

the Prince reminds us, are the characteristics trial trip on the 8th inst., it would probably be saw some six hundred insane persons. Numbers of the philosopher, equally so is reverence. The unfair to charge the Captain with any remissof them were peacefully employed, at washing, " the boundlessness of the universe, whose con- refrain

from noticing some other matters which, more he explores the more he becomes aware of ness on these points. For this cause we also or cooking, or baking. None of them had any restraint on them beyond the eye of the atten

fines appear ever to retreat before our finite to a certain extent, challenged criticism when

« minds." dant, and the walls of the building. All was

True thinkers are “not conceited we entered the ship on Saturday. cleanly and handsome that met their eye;

their pedants, wrapped up in their own mysterious One of the most important and satisfactory bed and board were of the wholesomest and

importance, but humble inquirers after truth; consequences of the late explosion was yisible best. The very lady of the house, the physi

not God-defying Titans, but reverent, pious in the absence of all water-heating cases around cian's wife, was just as devoted to these poor

pilgrims towards a Holy Land-God's Truth the funnels, these haye been altogether done insane persons as he himself, - constantly

-God's laws, as manifested in His works, in away with the air now flowing freely through

“ His creation.” amongst them, and expressing intimate affec

the space contained between the funnels and tion for several of them; entertaining them Servility to mere rank as such we have the casings. Thus, all accidents like the late with music on the Sunday, and in winter even- supreme contempt for; but we confess to an one are rendered impossible in the ship for the ings getting up concerts and dramatic exhibi- unusual joy when a man in a high place has 4 future, although security has, of course, been tions for them. Altogether, the scene was a higher light in him than those in low, and eyen gained at the expense of a certain amount of living symbol to us of our time, and made us in high place around him; and such we con- economy. The slight injury, which the boiler feel afresh that the world has never before seen ceive to be in this Prince's mind.

sustained has also been repaired. This is so so high a development of humanity as that

small a matter that it would not need another which meets the eyes of the present generation.

word but for the exaggerated importance which

THE GREAT EASTERN. The other characteristic of our time to which

some writers for the newspapers have attached we refer is its boldness, comprehensiveness, and The trial trip of the Great Eastern has at last to it. These gentlemen tell us that the concertainty of mental inquiry, which expresses been made without accident, misadventure, or

tractor is at issue with the Board of Trade itself in its favourite term-science. We had a failure of any kind. By the untiring activity Surveyor and the Directors of the Company on notable example of this in the speech of the and exertion of the contractor, the injuries this point, the latter contending that, the inPrince Consort at Aberdeen, which we re caused by the late explosion were so far re jured plate should be replaced by a new one, printed in our journal a fortnight ago. It was paired as to admit of the trip being entered and the former that the repair has been proa fine specimen of the best mind amongst us. upon on Saturday last

. On reaching the ship perly made already by riveting a piece of plate What choice, pure English the language was, on the morning of that day we were happy to over the injured part. We think the conand of such delicate precision and beauty observe that her condition was much improved tractor is quite right. The word "patch” is What graceful personal modesty the speaker in many ways. Sails were bent upon the yards all that alarms those who think otherwise showed. How full the discourse was of the and gatss; the steering wheel was furnished if a riveted boiler itself is not a mere agglor old Gerinan solidity and seriousness of purpose, with chains rove, so as to increase the control of meration of patches ! No sensible man would that marks all the German people, whether in the steersmen; the water-tight bulkheads were as think of unriveting a plate from a boiler, and the old Fatherland or in Angleland. The term sound and complete as was necessary; the staffs causing all that weakness and liability to leak science in this address is made to embrace the of the two engine-rooms and boiler departments which may result from doing so, simply to rewhole range of the human mind. There are were made up and well organized; the captain pair a slight crack which does not even extend three objects of man's contemplation and in- had a crew in whom he appeared to possess wholly through the metal, and which can be as quiry-Nature, Man, God. The human mind confidence ; and altogether the ship presented effectually repaired by riveting a piece of plate has two methods of working - analysis and a far more satisfactory aspect than on the occa

over it. As to the remainder of the repairs synthesis. It dissects into parts, observes, sion of the trip from the Thames to Portland. which the explosion rendered necessary, it is examines, reasons about each part, or intui- And this is a proper place for remarking that sufficient to say they are fast approaching contively it grasps the law that binds and controls the materials and workmanship which have pletion. the parts and knits them into a whole. All been supplied by Mr. Scott Russell throughout We come now to the trial trip; and at the follow this method, says the Prince—the child; the equipment of the ship are of the very best outset would warn our readers against expectthe man of mere practical instinct, or the phi- kind--a circumstance which is not always ob- ing too much, in the shape of data, from it, as losopher. The child, as soon as his first sur servable in contract work. The firms to whom regards either the speed of the ship or the prise and ecstasy at the new universe subside he committed the masting, rigging, and sail- economy of her boilers and engines. An ordia little, begins to ask the how and why of things. fitting, for example, under sub-contracts, are nary ship must be subjected to many, trials He practises his analysis by pulling his toy to among the most eminent in England—the under various circumstances before final conpieces to discover how it works ; or he performs Messrs. Ferguson and Co., Messrs. Westhorp clusions on these subjects can be arrived at ; à splendid generalisation; as, for example, and Co., Messrs. J. T. Hall and Co., and Messrs. and in the case of the Great Eastern, which is when the fire burns him he affirms to himself J. and É. Wright-and we are enabled to state, an extraordinary ship in many respects, it will that fire burns in every instance, at all places on the authority of most of the heads of these doubtless, take a considerable time-perhaps a and times, though he has only experienced one firms, that Mr. Russell has rigidly enforced but voyage or two across the seas--before her capainstance of its burning power. The practical one condition upon them, viz., that everything bilities are properly understood. A deeper man is instinctively impelled to philosophise, in supplied should be of the very best kind manu- immersion, a different trim, an improvement in his rough, home-spun method, on the facts he factured by them. The masts and spars, stand the form of the screw, an increase or decrease is brought into contact with. But the philo- ing rigging, running gear, and sails of the ship in the reefing of the paddle floats, greater exsopher, by stronger instinct and by conscious all attest the faithfulness of the sub-contractors perience on the part of the firemen and stokers s-li-determination, directs his eye to every part to this condition, and reflect the highest credit -all these and some other things may tend to of the great all.

upon Mr. Russell, the general contractor for modify her speed hereafter. But whether a Science, the Prince hints, has been of slow the whole.

greater speed is ever to be attained or not, the


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