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a column of water from the load line to the inner This consists in the use of a small steam-engine 808. D. B. WATE. “An improved indicating bottom would take a large air pump, and consequently working independently of the engine whose speed is gauge-lead, or plummet." Dated March 31, 1859. require great engine power ; to obviate this it occurred to be governed, the same being so applied as to drive This consists in a particular construction of, and to me that the paddle boards might be fixed to an certain mechanism which effects an unvarying resist. adaptation to, a cord or line for sounding, whereby air-tight drum, such as proposed by Captain Selwyn ance to its motion, and is combined with mechanism the depth of the bed or bottom may be ascertained by to pay out the Atlantic cable, and that this would so driven by the engine to be governed, the whole being the formation of an electric signal when the plummet limit the space in the paddle case, that a compara- so arranged as to work a regulating valve which con- reaches the bottom. Patent abandoned. tively small air-pump would be required. If the plan trols the supply of steam to the last-named engine. 809. J. S. Batesox. "Improvements in generat, is feasible, the motive power would be free from all Patent completed.

ing steam, and in apparatus employed therein." Dated danger from fouling, or shot, and the point of pro- 801. W. SMITI and E. SMITI. “Improvements March 31, 1859. pulsion would be near the centre of gravity, and do in means or apparatus for the purpose of regulating

This relates to a former patent, dated 30th Decemaway with much of the unpleasant vibratory motion the

flow or passage of fluids.” Dated March 30, 1859. ber, 1858. The invention comprises various modificafelt in paddle ships. Yours most obediently,

This relates to cocks in which the closing of the tions, and is not fully described apart from the draw. C. P. Banks.

passage is aided by the pressure of the fluid acting ings. Patent completed. Tickets of admission to the public to view the upon a valve. The valve is formed at its inner sur. 810. F. MORTON. " Improvements in the con. Franklin relics at the United Service Institution will face somewhat egg-shaped, and it is recessed on the struction of fences, and the posts or pillars for the be issued this week for Monday, Tuesday, and Satur- opposite surface to receive and form a sort of rim same, parts of which improvements are also applicable day in next week and the weeks following, in limited round the india-rubber packing, which is thereby pre to the construction of gate posts or poles for telegraph numbers, as the accommodation that can be furnished vented from spreading. The stem of the valve passes purposes, or for signal posts.” Dated March 31,

1859. by the institution is inadequate to meet a large through a hole formed for it in the case of tne cock or number of visitors. The tickets are to be obtained tap, where it may have a head to open it, or be con

This relates more particularly to the construction from Stanford, Charing-cross; Graves, Pall-mall; nected to a lever formed and weighted to aid the of strained fences, and the object of this part of the Mitchell, Charing.cross ; Parker, West Strand; Potter, closing of the valve. There are modifications in. invention is to draw the strands, cords, wires, &c., up Poultry; and Byefield, Charing-cross. cluded. Patent completed.

to tension, and to keep them tightly strained, and 802. J. LACY, S. SImpson, and H. SMITH. “Cer. also to allow of their being slackened with facility. Patents for Inventions. tain improvements in machinery for preparing and This the patentee offects by passing the strands, cords,

spinning cotton and other fibrous materials.” Dated wires, &c., through rollers, barrels, or pulleys, proMarch 31, 1859.

vided with any contrivance whereby rotary motion ABRIDGED SPECIFICATIONS OF PATENTS This particularly applies to roving frames and to may be communicated to them. Patent completed. mules and throstles, and consists in unwinding for cleaning rice.” (A communication.) Dated March

811. W. E. NEWTON. “Improvements in mills Thr abridged Specifications of Patents given below are the bobbins by rollers, or other friction surfaces, to classified, according to the subjects to which the respective avoid the strain on the fibrous material, and to effect

31, 1859. nventions refer, in the following table. By the system of classification adopted, the numerical and chronological a uniform delivery of the slubbings or rovings. Pa

This relates to a mill composed principally of order of the specifications is preserved, and combined with tent completed.

a pestle and mortar, and consists in attaching the all the advantages of a division into classes. It should be 803. C. PICKERING.

pestle to a rod which passes through the bottom of

"Improved apparatus for the mortar containing the rice. To this rod a recipunderstood that these abridgements are prepared exelu- brewing.". Dated March 31, 1869. sively for this Magazine from official copies supplied by the

rocating motion is imparted in a vertical direction, Government, and are therefore the property of the proprie: It is proposed, 1, to make the copper case fluted or

This relates to a portable apparatus for brewing, power being applied from a crank to the rod, tors of this Magazine. Other papers are hereby warned not

which extends through the bottom and projects below to produce them without acknowledgement :

corrugated, to hold fire clay or cement. 2. To make the mortar. Patent completed. STEAM ENGINES, &c., 800, 805, 821.

the mashing tun square;
also to form a chamber round

812. A. V. NEWTON. "Improvements in the con. BOILERS AND THEIR FURNACES, &c., 806, 812.

the mashing tun into which hot liquor is to be struction of steam boiler and other furnaces. (A comROADS AND VEHICLES, including railway plant and car- admitted for maintaining the heat of the wort. Also munication.) Dated March 31, 1859. riages, saddlery and harness, &c., None.

to adopt a novel arrangement of gear to the mashing SHIPS AND BOATs, including their fittings, 798, 807, 822. tun. 3. To make the cooler in two parts. 4. To make fire chamber forming one part of the reverberatory

This consists, 1, in constructing the curve next the CULTIVATION OF THE SOIL, including agricultural and hor.

the circulating channels or conduits of corrugated combustion chambers, by continuing it upward and ticultural implements and machines, 797, 804. FOOD AND BEVERAGES, including apparatus for preparing in the mechanical agitators; also the balm sepa in a curve of increased radius, so as to cause the two metal. 6. To fit the working squares or “gyle-tuns

towards the opposite curve which extends towards it - food for men and animals, 803, 811, 814. Fibrous Fabrics, including machinery for treating fibres, rator to separate the yeast from the beer. Patent pulp, paper, &c., 802. abandoned.

curves, enclosing in part the combustion chamber, to BUILDINGS AND BUILDING MATERIALS, including sewers, 804. R. C. Ross. * Improved apparatus for culti-lation to each other as to ensure a more perfect rots

terminate in their overhanging projections in such redrain-pipes, brick and tile machines, &c., 810. LIGHTING, HEATING, AND VENTILATING, 823.

vating soil.” Dated March 31, 1859. FURNITURE AND APPAREL, including household utensils, details are carried upon a simple rectangular frame enable them to mix intimately with the air admitted

Under one modification, the digging or cultivating the fire-chamber in the combustion chamber, and thus

tion or eddying of the gases and other products from time-keepers, jewellery, musical instruments, None.

or carriage mounted upon wheels, and arranged so as METALS, including apparatus for their manufacture, 826. to be drawn by horses or ropes. The digging mechan. will be so presented to the incoming current of dame

to the combustion chamber. The gases thus mixed CHEMISTRY AND PHOTOGRAPHY, 799, 819. anism is of the rotatory kind, a series of digging as to ensure their complete

combustion. 2. In formELECTRICAL APPARATUS. None. WARFARE, 798.

blades or forks being mounted upon a revolving drum LETTER PRESS PRINTING &c. None.

or frame, which is driven by a strap or otherwise from ing the curves of metal protected from the extreme MISCELLANEOUS, 801, 807, 808, 809, 813, 815, 816, 117, 818, one of the axles of the supporting wheels. Patent heat of the fire-chamber by an additional segmental

or curved plate which shall form a heating chamber abandoned.

(having a horizontal orifice above) for heating the air 797. J. CARTWRIGHT. “An improved implement 805. T. IVORY. "Improvements in rotary engines.' before passing into the combustion chamber. Patent

completed. for crushing clods and pulverising the surface soil, Dated March 31, 1859. also convertible into a press wheel roller.” Dated admitted at the circumference, to act directly on an

This consists, 1, in causing the impelling fluid while 813. D. K. CLARK. “ Feed water heating appaMarch 30, 1859.

ratus.” Dated April 1, 1859. The patentee claims the use of the rings or sections

area near the centre of the circle of revolution, and The patentee claims a method of heating the feedwith serrated or saw-formed teeth, and the concentric in so arranging

the parts of an impulse rotary engine water of steam boilers by the introduction of the water rings, whether used separately or in combination

as to produce this effect. 2. In an arrangement for in one or more currents or jets, into one or more con. with each other, as well as the method of converting working expansively the steam, or other elastic fluid. fined channels

, and the injection of one or more jets of the implement into a press wheel roller by reversing which a solid piston is made to travel

within a steam passages in immediate contact with the water, so as

3. In adapting and applying to rotary, engines in steam from the exhaust or otherwise into the same the frame and shafts. Patent completed. 798. C. P. COLES.

channel, the arrangements appertaining to the first forcibly to impinge upon, and to draw, suck, or pro“An apparatus for defending and second heads of the invention. 4. In adapting ject the water through the passages, and to immeguns and gunners in ships of war,, and and applying the same arrangements to the recol diately disperse and intermix with it on the way, land batteries." Dated March 30, 1859.

engines described in a previous patent, dated 30th thereby effecting the immediate condensation of the This consists of a large convex shield covered with July, 1857. 5. In obtaining an increased effect from whole or part of the steam, and consequently the thick metal, and mounted upon a platform which is the motive fluid in engines on the “ Barker's mill” heating of the water within the passages. Patort capable of revolving and which carries the gun or guns. principle by the arrangements above alluded to: 6. completed. Apertures are formed in the shield to allow the In obtaining the expansive rise of elastic Auids in 814. F. P. A. AUBURTIN. “ An improved prepamuzzles of the guns to pass through. Patent com- impulse rotary engines, by means of a hollow arm or ration of food for herbivorous animals." Dated pleted.

chamber opening into a steam channel at the circum- April 1, 1859. 799. W. GOSSAGE. “ Improvements in the manu- ference. Patent completed.

This consists, 1, in the application of mucilage of facture of certain alkaline silicates, and in the pro. 806. T. Ivory. "Improvements in steam boilers, the cactus opuntius in combination with chopped hay, duction therefrom of liquor silicis or liquid flint." | and furnaces for the same.” Dated March 31, 1859.

straw, lucern, bruised oats, barley, or other grain or Dated March 30, 1859.

This invention comprises various features. We seeds usually employed in the preparation of food for This consists, 1, in using carbornate of potash, cannot quote the specification at sufficient length for horses. Patent completed. which has been previously deprived of sulphate of an intelligible abstract. Patent completed.

815. I. SIGISMUND. “ Certain improvements in the potash or sulphate of soda, and thereby obtaining

807. A. MORTON. · Improvements in sestants or manufacture of artificial teeth, and in the apparatus soluble glass of such quality that the solution or " liquid Hint " produced from it is free or nearly free quadrants for nautical purposes, and which are also connected therewith.” (Partly a communication.) from alkaline sulphuret. 2. In purifying liquid fint adapted to the measuring of altitudes or angular Dated April 1, 1859.

The inventor uses the tusk of the morse or walrus made from soluble glass, so as to destroy such alkaline distances.” Dated March 31, 1859.

The object here is simplicity of construction, and in the manufacture of artificial teeth. Patent abansulphuret

as may be present therein. The inventor adaptation of parts of instruments for measuring alti. doned effects such purification by means of oxidising agents. tudes or angular distances. The measuring of

816. R. A. BROOMAN. “Improvements in maPatent abandoned.

angular distances between any two objects may be chinery for solidifying, pressing, and moulding." (A 800. A. V. Newton. “An improved governor for obtained by the use of a single reflector. The rays communication.) Dated April 1, 1859. marine and other steam-engines." (A communica- are only once reflected, though several reflectors may This relates to a previous patent, dated April 14, tion.) Dated March 30, 1859.

at the same time be employed. Patent completed. 1857, and consists in driving plungers forward directly

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by means of an excentric, which subsequently draws
them back again. The plunger rods are formed with

Dated Oct. 10, 1859. protails, orjections, which enter and are guided by

2297. J. S. Parfitt. A registering nautical velocime

Dated Aug. 29, 1869. grooves in a plate round the central shaft. This plate

ter, for measuring the speed of ships, and also of is cut away at intervals to allow of the parts most

1968. R. Besley. Improvements in machinery for currents of water. subjected to friction being lubricated. Patent aban- printing and for numbering and perforating docu- 2299. C. A. Shaw. Improvements in machinery doned. ments. (A communication.)

for shaping or bending tinned sheet iron, and other 817. R. A. BROOMAN. “A new preparation of in.

sheet metal. (A communication.)

Dated Sept. 13, 1859. digo for dyeing." (A communication.) Dated April

2300. T. and J. Knowles and A. Rigg: Improve.

2084. W. B. Adams. Improvements in the per ments in machinery or apparatus for shaping, cutting, 1, 1859.

manent way of railways. This new preparation is obtained by treating indigo

punching, and drilling metals, which improvements with alkaline earths partly saturated with such acids

Dated Sspt. 21, 1859.

are also applicable to presses. as sulphurous, phosphorus, cyanhydrous. Patent 2146. G. K. Geyelin. Improvements in machinery

2301. G. White. Improvements in frames for abandoned.

for making solid, hollow, and perforated bricks,

also spinning and twisting yarn of any description of tex

tile materials. (A communication.) 818. W. E. Newton. "Improvements in cricket tiles, drain and socket pipes. bats." (A communication). Dated April 1, 1859. 2150. G. D. Robinson. Improvements in apparatus for, revivifying oxide of iron and other agents for

2303. S. B. Parker. A method of, and apparatus This consists in constructing the blade of the bat for regulating the pressure of gas and other fluids.


gas containing metallic particles. with a mere shell of wood, and a filling of cork or

Dated Sept. 26, 1859.

2304. W. Martin, jun. An improved method of other elastic material, and in constructing the handle of a hollow tube of wood, with a strip of whalebone, bleaching textils fabrics and materials, and in the

2176. R. Kay. Improvements in preparing and damping linen and other textile fabrics. or other flexible or elastic material running through machinery or apparatus employed therein.

Dated Oct. 11, 1859. the centre and down into the blade. Patent com.

2305. L. J. Jeannin. A new system of pumps. pleted.

Dated Sept. 28, 1859.

2306. C. F. Beyer. Improvements in machinery 819. W. E. Newton. “An improved process of 2196. J. F. Stanford. An improved apparatus for for boring and drilling. manufacturing sulphate of lead, carbonate of lead, giving warmth to the lower extremities and members 2307. J. L. Tenting. Improvements in the con. nitrate of potash, and sulphate of soda.” (A com- of invalids and others when travelling, or in churches, struction of buffers for railway and other carriages, munication) Dated April 1, 1859.,

chapels, theatres, rooms, carriages, and other similar also applicable to other purposes where springs are This consists, 1, in dissolving the lead in acetic or places, and on ship-board, and also for airing car. employed. nitric acids, and in decomposing the soluble nitrate, riages.

2308. J. L. Tenting. Improvements in the con. or acetate thus formed by means of sulphuric acid, by

Dated Sept. 29, 1859.

struction of the axles of railway and other carriages which an insoluble precipitate of sulphate of lead is 2204. T. Allan. Improvements in applying elec- 2309. J. Earl. Improvements in arranging and formed, the nitric or acetic acids being set free to be tricity for telegraphic purposes, and in apparatus em. applying harness to the draft of carriages. used in dissolving another portion of the lead. 2. In ployed therein.

2310. W. D. Hart. Improvements in pressure redecomposing the sulphate of lead, as above obtained,

Dated Sept. 30, 1859.

gulating apparatus for gas burners. by means of carbonate of potash, and nitrate of soda,

2214. E. Sonneborn. whereby are obtained carbonate of lead, nitrate of

An improvement in the 2311. J. Smith. Improvements in breech-loading manufacture of cement.

fire-arms aud ordnance. potash, and sulphate of soda. Patent completed.

Dated Oct. 1, 1859.

2312. P. G. Cunningham. Improvements in the 820. J. J. DAVIS. an improved pad, applicable

construction of artificial teeth and gums. for inking, damping, and other like purposes by hand."

2230. J. Baughan. Improvements in the manu.

2313. A. Whytock. facture of soap. Dated April 1, 1859.

Improvements in coating

sheets of metal with other metals and other sub. This relates to the application of a pad mounted on

Dated Oct. 3, 1859.

stances. an axis so that it can be turned to present different

2236. R. A. Brooman. Improvements in treating 2314. A. V. Newton. An improved mode of clarisurfaces, as may be required for the inking or colour. clay, and in the manufacture of bricks, tiles, and other fying and defecating saccharine solutions and juices. ing of stamping surfaces, and for damping or gum- like articles, and in machinery employed therein. (A communication. ming stamps, envelopes, &c., by hand. Patent aban. (A communication.)

2315. F. A. Lohage. An improved construction of doned.

Dated Oct. 5, 1859.

water-wheel. (A communication.) 821. W. TOD. "Improvements in marine steam 2252. F. J. Dove. Iron clasped bonding plates for

Dated Oct. 12, 1859. engines.” Dated April 1, 1859.

joints and other building purposes. This comprises a variety of detail to which we can. 2256. W. G. S. Mockford.“ Improvements in the facture of mosaic and other ornamental tiles and

2316. J. Skertehly. Improvements in the manu, not here give space. Patent completed.

manufacture of starch. 822. Y. THOMAS. “An improved propeller for 2260. T. H. Dodd. Improvements in portable ap

slabs, and in apparatus connected therewith. ships, vessels, boats, and water wheels.” Dated April paratuses for the use of smiths, carpenters, and other

2317. G. Scott. Improvements in generating elastic

fluids and in the apparatus for that purpose. 1, 1859.

workmen. This invention is not described apart from the

2318. W. Day. A direct-action rotary steam2262. W. E. Newton. Improvements in blankets

engine. drawings. Patent completed. used for printing calicoes and other fabrics, and in the

2319. A. A D. Hely. Certain improvements in 823. J. DESMET - SEAUT. “An improved gas. mode of washing or cleaning the same. (A. com- the manufacture of tobacco for smoking purposes. burning and lighting apparatus." Daied April 2, munication.) 1859.

2264. J. Prichard. Improvements in spurs.

2320. J. Carrick. Improvements in commodes,

water-closets, and other sanitary appliances. This consists in a peculiar arrangement of apparatus 2266. J. Webster. An improved construction of

2321. Z. Nuttall. Improvements in looms for having rotatory burners, suitable for ordinary and or spring for carriages and other purposes.

weaving namental gas-lighting purposes. The apparatus con- 2268. J. Turpie. Improvements in the fore and

2322. J. Thomson. An improved form of hydraulic sists of a closed cup or vessel of glass, or other suitable aft gaff and boom sails of ships. material, within which a recipient is fixed containing

2270. G. Long and J. Archer. Improvements in of gas.

valve and apparatus to be used in the manufacture water for purifying the gas on its passage through the manufacture of manure.

2323. T. Rothwell. Improvements applicable to openings in a supply pipe, to a rotating pipe, which is

Dated Oct. 6, 1569.

warehouses and other buildings in which " well-holes" partly immersed in water; this latter pipe turns on a pivot and is caused to rotate by the pressure of the

2272. J.P. and E. Scott. An improved instrument are constructed for the purposes of light and ventila

tion. gas on its passage through it, and communicates such for

boring and drilling. (A communication.)
2276. E. O. Tindall. Improvements in machinery

2324. E. H. Baron, J. Wheater, and L. Tatley. rotatory motion to the branches or burners in communication with it, and which may be in a spiral or

or apparatus for crushing or reducing grain, seeds, Certain improvements in carding engines for carding and other substances.

cotton, wool, and other fibrous materials. other form. Patent abandoned.

2278. A. M. Ferry. Improvements in the manu- 2325. J. Tangye. A new or improved method of 824. A. Riply and. J. Roberts. "Improvements facture or production of oil, and in lamps for burning actuating certain kinds of motive power engines, and in machinery for striking, or scraping, leather and the same.

in the distribution of motive power. tanned or untanned hides." Dated April 2, 1859.

2280. A. Hind and J. Lowenthal. Improvements 2326. E. H. Taylor. Improvements in apparatus The main object of this invention is the production in the manufacture of pottery and china wares. (A applicable to the permanent-way of railways. of a machine which will approach as near as possible communication.)

2327. C. H. Southall. An improved apparatus for the action of the hand—that is, to give to the knives which act upon the hide a direct backward and for.

2282. R. Warry. Improvements in breech-loading making and finishing boots and shoes.

2328. C. P. Moody. A method of, and apparatus ward horizontal motion over the surface of it, and at ordnance, and in projectiles for the same. the same time a motion of rotation on their edges in

2284. G. and J. Gibson. Improved machinery for for, raising grass and other crops on to stacks, which a plane nearly at right angles to the former, and by raising and removing soil or earth from sewers and apparatus is also applicable to raising and transferring other excavations.

weights. means of these compounded motions to excel the effects produced by the knife when guided by the

Dated Oct. 7, 1859.

2329. T. B. Daft. Improvements in flexible valves. hand. The patentees produce three distinct motions 2286. W. Brookes. Improvements

in securing the apparatus for navigating the air.

2330. H. Bright. Improvements in machinery or within the knife or knives, two of these motions may tyres of railway carriage and engine wheels. (A com.

2331. T. Twells. Improvements in machinery and be said to result from effects transferred to the knives, munication.)

apparatus connected therewith for embroidering or the third, from the action within them, the resultant

Dated Oct. 8, 1859. of the whole three being the twisting or oscillating

ornamenting woven, looped, or laced fabrics.

2290. W. Dawson and T. Singleton. Improve. motion before alluded to. Patent completed.

Dated Oct. 13, 1859. ments in apparatus.applicable to looms for weaving, 825. J. HALL and J. S. SPARKES. “ An improved 2292. J. H. Johnson. Improvements in the treat- 2333. J. Rhone. An indicating meter tap: application of machinery for the purpose of hoisting; ment of fatty matter. (A communication.)

2335. J. Hunter. Improvements in machinery or lowering, pulling, or drawing weights.” Dated April 2294. P. Robertson. Improvements in preparing, apparatus for ploughing or cultivating land. 2, 1859.

boiling, and fermenting worts, and in maturing beer, 2337. L. H. Rousseau. Improvements in steam This consists in the application of what is called in spirits, and cyder.

engines. mechanics' the endless screw in combination with 2296. H. Monument and G. Berry. Improvements

Dated Oct. 14, 1859. the wheel and axle to crabs, cranes, windlasses, and in apparatus for raising and moving earth, and other 2341. F. Levick. An improvement or improvethat class of machines. Patent abandoned, matters and bodies.

ments in the manufacture of iron.





763 0

9 5 7 9


2315. J. Jack. Certain improvements in steam 1492. J. Meikle. Coating ships with asphalte. PATENTS ON WHICH THE SEVENTH YEAR'S engines and boilers for marine and land purposes. 1 199. A. Barclay. Steam hammers.

STAMP DUTY HAS BEEN PAID. 2347. T. Robinson, Improvements in annealing or 1504. W. Russell. Wheels.

519. M. Fitzpatrick. 672. H. Brinsmead. goftening wire.

1514. H Doulton. Jars and bottles.

625. M. and M. Myers 679. A. V. Newton. Dated Oct. 15, 1859. 1517. J. Mills. Keys and gibs.

and W. Hill.

710. J. Noble. 2319. W. E. Newton. An improvement in the 1524. T. Howard. Condensing steam. .

513. J. Norton.

756. F. M. Jennings. 1526. C. W. Williams. Steam boilers. mode of applying india-rubber, gutta percha, or other

552. G. Hattersley. elastic substances to give elasticity between the tires

1531. W. Coppin, Raising weights and bodies. or outer rims and the hubs or naves of railway or other

1531. D. J. Fleetwood. Shaping metals.
1535. B. Burton. Fire-arms.

LIST OF SPECIFICATIONS, &c., wheels and between other metallic bodies. (A communication.) 1550. G. Chapman. Knitting machines.

Published during the week ending Oct. 28, 1859. 1554. A. Gueyton. Enamelling. 2351. F. A. Leigh. Improvements in machinery or apparatus for the manufacture of sorews, bolts, and

1657. R. A. Brooman. Lithographic presses. (A 1

No. Pr. No. Pr. No. Pr.

No. Pr. nuts. (A communication.)


1562. J. A. Wilkinson. Printing presses. 2353. R. Bates. Improvements in engines for carding cotton and other fibrous substances. (A com.

1564. J. Bernard. Boots and shocs.

7000 11 7390 10.750 0 10 761/1 772/1 10 7790 5 munication.) 1574. R. Royds and A. Harcourt. Composition for

9 7100 10 753,0 10

77410 37800 3

727 0 10 7410 3 7512 3 767 0 7750 37813 5 2355. J. Échard. Improvements in machines and protecting structures of iron.

7281 1583. O. H. G. Williams. Dyeing.

74710 9 755 0 3 768,1 7760 apparatus for ploughing and sowing.

3! 759 3 (4 com.

733 0 munication.) 1586. J. Simon. Composition to replace lead, &c.

6 7480 7| 759 0 3 7710 9 1 7770 3787109 2357. J. K. Brown. Improvements in the prepara

1701. H. Parent. Looms. tion of gunpowder for loading ordnance and fire arms.

1712. G. Welch. Frames for mirrors, &o.

NorE.-Specifications will be forwarded by post from the 1733. J. King. Distillation of spirits.

Great Seal Patent Office (publishing department) on reDated Oct. 17, 1859.

1895. Brooman. Locks and keys. (A com- ccipt of the amount of price and postage. Suins exceeding 2361. G. Berry. Improvements in the construc-munication.)

58. must be remitted by Post Office Order, made payable tion of glass and earthenware vessels for containing

2038. E. R. Dann and E. Goldschmidt. Bonnet croft, Great Seal Patent Office.

at the Post Office, High Holborn, to Mr. Bennet Woodfluids, particularly such vessels as are intended to fronts. contain fluids which may exert dynamic force on the 2112. J. Beck. Stereoscopes. stoppers of such vessels.

2166. J. Gedge. Stamp holder and cutter. (A LIST OF MISCELLANEOUS TENDERS IN 2363. L. Vidie. Improvements in transmitting the communication.)

VITED, AND ENGAGEMENTS OPEN. motion of steam engines.

2199. M. L. J. Lavater. Injection bottles. The tenders and vacancies which appear in this weekly list 2365. G. W. Reynolds and E. Dance. A new or 2214. E. Sonneborn. Cement.

are not repeated in succeeding numbers. improved manufacture of baskets and other articles 2276. E. O. Tindall. Crushing grain, &c.

ENGINE, Kingston-upon-Aull.-Construction and erection usually made of wicker work, and new or improved 2278. A. M. Ferry. Oil and lamps.

of an expansive condensing pumping engine, 83-in. machinery to be employed in the said manufacture. 2309. J. Earl. Harness.

cylinder, at their waterworks at Stonelerry, near Hull. 2367. W. E. Newton. Improvements in preserving 2331. T. Twells. Embroidering.

A specification and drawing of Mr. R. A. Marillier, 73 and disinfecting organic substances. (A communica- 2363. L. Vidie. Steam engines.

Sowgate, Hull, to November 15th. Tenders to November tion.)

2371. D. Jones. Railway breaks.

23rd, marked "Tender for Engine," Mr. Wells, town

clerk, Hull. 2369. J. Bernard. Improvements in the manufac. 2377. J. Reynolds. Wrought nails. (A com

RAILWAY BUILDINGS, Great Northern Railway. – At ture or production of boots and shoes, and other munication.)

King's Cross Station, extension of prorender store, coverings for the feet, and in the machinery, apparatus, The full titles of the patents in the above list can be as

trellis bridge, and conversion of straw store into stables. and means connected with such manufacture.

cei tained by referring back to their numbers in the list of Plans of Mr. W. M. Brydone, the company's enginert, 2371. D. Jones. Improvements in self-acting provisional protections previously published.

at King's Cross; and the specification and form of tender breaks to be used on railways. Opposition can be entered to the granting of a patent to

on payment of 5s. Tenders sealed and inarked * Tender

for extension of provender store," must be lodged at 2373. W. Hall and A. Wells. Improvements in any of the parties in the above list who have given notice of their intention to proceed, within twenty-one days from the

Secretary's office, King's Cross station. on Tuesday, the manufacture of ropes and cords. date of the Gazette in which the notice appears, by leaving

November 8th, when parties tendering must be in

Dated Oct. 18, 1859.
at the Commissioners' office particulars in writing of the

Ryde Pier, Isle of Wight. For the eulargement and im2375. G. Canouil. Cartridges paper, chemically objection to the application.

provement of the pier. Drawings, specifications, par. prepared for percussion fire-arms.

ticulars, and forms of tender, Mr. W. c. Rateliffe, 2377. J. Reynolds. Improvements in the manu.

LIST OF SEALED PATENTS. solicitor to the directors of the pier company, to whom facture of wrought nails.

tenders, November 15. (A communication.)

Sealed Oct. 27, 1859.

WAGGOx-WAY, Newcastle-upon Tyne.-Por the excavation 2379. G. T. Bousfield. Improvements in machinery 1053. G. Pearson.

1167. J. Ramsbottom.

and other works required in the construction of a line of for steering vessels. (A communication.)

1058. R. J. Laing.
1174. M. Henry.

waggon-way for the Ayre's Quay Bottle Company. 2381. c. Hill. An improved fastening for stays 1061. T. Lacey.

1176. W.O. Bourne. Plans, &c., 22 Bridge-street. Tenders, November 7th. and other purposes.

1068. N. Libotte. 1185. W. Spence.

Church, Ripley, Derby.- New tower, chancel, and restry, 2383. W. E. Newton. An improved method of 1069, N. J. Holmes. 1188. J. B. Lyall and F. extension of nave, &c., to the parish church of Ripley. making combs or gills employed in the preparation of 1070. E. Lardenois. W. Campin.

Plans, Mr. R. Barber, architect, Eastwood, Nottingham, fibrous substances. (A communication.)

after November 28th. Tenders, December 17th. 1071. T. Clarke.

1193. T. R. Oswald. 2385. A. Scheurer-Rott . The preparation of cer.

CEMETERY, Barnsley.--For forming and stoning the roads 1072. J. Wheat.

1223. J. Brown, jun. and walks, and also laying out and performing the tain substances for fixing colours in dyeing and print- 1076. W. Corbett and 1237. J. H. Johnson. labour in planting, &c., at the cemetery at Barnsley. ing, and for other purposes.

W. Carmont.

1239. J. Childs.

Drawings and specifications to Mr. W. H. Peacock, 1077. J. W. Welch. 1212. R. Wilson. Dated Oct. 19, 1859.

Clerk to the Burial Board, Church-street, Barnsley.

Tenders to November 14th. 1081, T. Smith.

1257. W.H. Perkin and RESIDENCE, Palersham, Surrey.--For J. P. Murrough, Esi. 2387. G. Worssam. An improvement in non-con

1082. W. Winstanley M. Gray, densing steam-engines.

Specifications, &c., Mr. J. H. Fowler, architect, 32 Fleet and J. Kelly.

1305. W. H. Nevill.

street, London. 2389. J. Gordon. Improvements in machinery or

1084. J. Darlington. 1308. J. C. Bent. Houses, Shipley, Leeds.-For the several works to be done apparatus for pulping coffee.

1085. E. Francis.
1320. W. H. Graveley.

in the erection of three houses to be built at Victoria 2391. T. Spencer. Improvements in the manufac

1087. W. Clark.
1327. E. Breffit.

Park, Shipley, Drawings, &c., at the office of Mr. S. ture of carbonate of soda.

1091, J. Souquière. 1419. A. V. Newton.

Jackson, Kirkgate, Bradford. Tenders to November 7. 2393. C. Cowper. Improvements in photographing

1092, T. H. Arrow. 1440. S. Levy.

SURVEY, Wortley, Leeds.-For a new survey, plan, and on uneven surfaces, and in apparatus for that pur-smith.

1510. A. V. Newton.

valuation of the township. The plan to be on a scale of pose. (A communication.)

three chains to the inch. The township contains 1,036 1095. W. Bayliss. 1560. J. Lawson and s. acres, including about 2.000 dwelling houses. The over2396. J. J. Bowen. Improvements in manufac. 1096. R. A. Brooman. Cotton.

seers do not pledge themselves to take the lowest, or any turing the pots for containing liquids used by publi.

1097. J. Basford.

1628. J. FI. Johnson. tender. Tenders and testimonials for the above, or for a cans and others.

1101. W. Gossage. 1661. J. Combs.

valuation without survey, may be sent to Mr. J. Stones, 2397. W. Warne, J. A. Jaques, and J. A. Fanshawe.

assistant overseer. Tenders to November 16.

1103. F. W. Emerson. 1731. W.E. Newton. Improvements in the manufacture of elastic hoops or

SUPERINTENDENT OF PERMANENT WAY.-For the Punjanb 1106. T. W. Miller. 1742. J. Davies.

Railway. Will be required to undergo a medical examibands and other analogous elastic articles, applicable

1107. W. Clark.

1812. W. R. Drake. nation, and to proceed to India immediately. Salary £300 to various parts of ladies' and gentlemen's wearing ap

1114. E. W. Scale.
1836. J. Cannon.

per annum. Apply by letter only, stating age, and parel, and in the machinery employed in such manu

1115. R. Mushet.
18-10. G. T. Bousfield.

enclosing copies of testimonials to T. A. Yarrow, Esq., facture.

1116. W. H. Kingston. 1860. De la Rue and H.

consulting engineer, Gresham House, Old Broad-street, 2399. J. R. Palmer. Improvements in the manu.

London, E.C. 1123, J. F. Allender and Muller.

MINING SECRETARY.--With influence, for a proposed facture of printing ink and paints and varnishes, and also in the manufacture of lacquers, japans, and

D. Rowley.

1919. Hon. W. Talbot. company. Apply to M'Ewen and Glover, c. E., York 1140. S. Wright.

1930. T. Richardson. Chambers, King-street, Manchester. blacking.

1145. G. T. Bousfield. 1965. D. Todd.


1143. A. C. Bamlett. 2001. W. Brown, jun.,

neer engaged on works in the country. Must have a 1149. M. Henry. and s. Bathgate. SPECIFICATION.

good knowledge of accounts, and be able to prepare

scale and working drawings from sketches. One who 1150. R. Mushet.

2032. J.J. Sieber, has been brought up in the workshop preferred. Apply 2113. J. Avery: Improvements in railroad weigh. 1151. R. Mushet.

with all particulars, to T. W. W. Glynneath, Glamor locks and other platform scalos. (A communication.)


MILLWRIGHT.-For a forge and mill. He must be a NOTICES OF INTENTION TO PROCEED

thorough good workman, and one who may be fully DUTY HAS BEEN PAID.

relied upon to keep the works in repair. No one need WITH PATENTS.

2527. W. S. Losh,
2557. J. Lawson.

apply who cannot produce good testimonials. Applica(From the London Gazette, Nov. 1, 1859.)

2530. J. Armstrong,

2569. J. C. Sinclair, tion to Mr. Parke, bookseller, High-street, Wolver1463. C. F. Vasserot. Stereoscopes. (A com- 2639. T. C. Salt.

2678, S. Middleton.



2541. T. S. Henzell. 2650, W. Clark.

IMPLEMENT-PITTER.-- Apply to dir, Mellard, Kent Foun1487. A. P. How. Distilling apparatus, 2547. J. T. Way.

dry, Rugeley, Staffordshire.



The Royal Alfred, a 91-gun screw-ship, is to THE MAIN DRAINAGE OF THE be laid down immediately on the slip vacated


by the Victoria.
The Victoria's keel was laid in the early part a very alarming fact, viz., that the great main

METROPOLITAN people are beginning to awake to LONDON, FRIDAY, NOVEYBER 11, 1859. of February, 1856. She has been, therefore, drainage scheme is a gigantic blunder

. Readers but three years and ten months building. We of this Magazine will not be startled at this THE NEW SCREW LINE-OF-BATTLE recently had the satisfaction of inspecting her, circumstance, because we have all along exSHIP VICTORIA.

and in justice to Mr. Abethell, the MasterThis magnificent ship which will be launched whose superintendence she has been built, we Shipwright of Portsmouth Dockyard, under posed the folly of pouring into our river å vast

quantity of material which in water is mere 02 Saturday from Portsmouth Yard, in the must state that as a specimen of sound and pollution, but which on the land would be inexpresence of Her Majesty and the Royal family, careful shipbuilding the Victoria cannot be be a strong disposition on the part of the pubdeserves particular notice as being larger than surpassed. As Her Majesty the Queen will lic to see eye to eye with ns in this matter. any line-of-battle ship now afloat, and also as attend the launch in person, it is generally ex

In the Nautical Magazine for the present being the first three-decker that has been de services in this respect, and of his eminence as have expected to find a discussion of this sub

pected that her appreciation of Mr. Abethell's month-a journal in which we should scarcely signel expressly as a screw-stemer.

Her one of the foremost naval architects of the Iject-we observe a paper by Captain Heekactual displacement when at her loud-line will country, will be marked by Her Majesty

, con- ford, setting forth a plan which he has subamount to very nearly 7,039 tons, which is ferring the honour of knighthood upon him on

mitted to the Metropolitan Board of Works, greater than that of every other ship of war by the occasion.

as the fruit of twenty years' acquaintance with nearly 1,000 tons !

the rivers of India. Captain Heckford proWe have at present afat five screw three


poses to obtain about twenty-four tons of salt deckers—the Marlborough, Royal Soversign, We have received from Mr. Atherton a lengthy erected on the sea-coast near Brighton, (or any

water per minute by means of steam machinery Duke of Wellington, Royal Albert, and Royal communication respecting our last week's article

more convenient site,) and to lead this water up George. These were originally designed for on the above subject, in which we are requested to the Thames by means of pipes laid along sailing ship3 ; the first three by the late "in full as it appeared in the Society of Arts a line of railway, these pipes branching off into Surveyor of the Navy, Sir William Symonis ; " Journal.” Why the request is made we can

two heads, one in the vicinity of Chelsea the Royal Albert by the late Mr. Oliver Ling. not divine ; nor can we comply with it, for we

Bridge, the other at Blackfriars Bridge. Thus The Royal George was built on the lines of the have no space to devote to matter which would a constant stream of salt water equal to one 6

miles long, 670 feet broad, and 2 feet deep, old Caledonia, and was launched at Chatham convey nothing, novel or interesting to our would be forced into the Thames every month.

readers. Mr. Atherton in the letter on another * I need not point out," says Captain Heckford in 1827. To adapt these vessels for the reception of the screw, they were altered as forced construction upon his statements, but as page implies, it is true, that we have put a

" the properties of pure salt water when follows :--the Marlborough was lengthened in he makes no attempt to prove the implication « river between Chelsea and Deptford, further

“ brought into opposition with that now in the midships and at each end, and was also in- he can have no claim upon us in the matter.

“ than that the salt water thus injected would creased slightly in breadth ; the Duke of Wel- We might also, we think fairly, decline to insert - find its way to the bottom of the river, lington and Royal Sovereign were lengthened in the communication now sent to us, for

it throws thereby raising it, and consequently the sewmidships and by the stern ; the Royal Albert submitted to Mr. Atherton's consideration ; course of the tide is stronger on the surface

age matter, to a higher level ; and as the was lengthened by the stern ; and the Royal but, on the whole, we think it better to give than near the bottom, the putrid water now George only had the screw aperture cut in her it a place in our columns. deadwood, and was not lengthened at all.

“ in the river would constantly, though graduThe following table, showing the comparative admits the truthfulness of our suggestions on

It will be seen that Mr. Atherton entirely “ally, be carried out to sea, and the offensive principal dimensions of these ships and of the the necessity of making the light material of totally destroyed by its saline action.” Cap:

" substance on the bed of the river would be Victoria, will be found interesting to those of which he speaks fireproof. He is, however, less tain Heckford ålso suggests that his system of our readers who regard with satisfaction and pride any addition to the naval resources of tion, viz., what the design of the unsinkable war Closets, &c., and that by means of separate

explicit on the other and more important ques-pipes could be connected with all cesspools, the country :-

ship is to be. We are really afraid he has taken sewers the whole of the fecculent matter of the no pains whatever to give a practicable form to Metropolis might be carried off to any fixed his propositions even in his own mind. At the place, and its properties as a fertilizing agent be first glimpse of the difficulties which we pointed preserved. The plan could also be applied, he out he abandons, in point of fact, an important says, to the cleansing of the docks (which

part of his proposals, for he now tells us that materially help to keep the river in an offensive Royal George

* the property of being unsinkable does not condition, and to supply the place of fresh

“ necessarily imply that such vessels shall have water, where the latter could be dispensed Duke of Wellington

no stowage below the level of the load water with. Royal Sovereign Marlborough 131 800 245 661 21:25 104°100

“ line which may be appropriated to machiVictoria

We advert to these proposals of Capt. Heck"nery.” But the truth is, Mr. Atherton's first ford, not for the purpose of discussing his plans It will be observed that the Victoria, though ship should be,“ up to the line of its lond dis- than he probably supposes--but with the view

suggestion (made in January last) was that the --which have less of novelty attached to them larger than the Marlborough, does not carry so " placement, a solid mass of material," and he of pointing out the expression of opinion which many guns. The armament of the Victoria is, has nowhere until now repudiated this part of they have elicited from the editor of the Nauhowever, the heavier of the two, as she carries his plan. on the middle and lower decks nothing but

tical Magazine, Captain Beecher, R.N. Hav68-pounders, as will be seen by the following

But we need not pursue these considerations ing always, he says, been averse to making the table :

at present. Mr. Atherton's fundamental idea Thames the great receptacle for the sewage of may be a good one ; indeed we have ourselves our Metropolis, and regretted that a more ap

a presentiment that unsinkable war ships, at propriate application of it has not been found Middle Deck... 8 Main Deek....

least for purposes of home defence, will one day than in the measures of the Board of Works Upper Deck ...

be devised. But the difhculty of producing for their great main drainage scheme, he is not them will lie as much in giving form to a light sorry to record Captain Heckford's scheme in material as in procuring such a material, and his pages, since this, at all events in the long

we are sorry to find that Mr. Atherton is un-run, would be productive of purity, while that The engines of the Victoria are by Messrs. I able to add anything to our knowledge on of the Board of Works will be productive of Maudslay, Sons, and Field, and are of the either point. Nevertheless, good may arise impurity, and that to an alarining extent. The nominal power of 1,000 horses.

from the introduction of the subject to public fact of a stream of sewage running into this The Duncan, 91, Prince of Wales, 131, and attention, and on this ground Mr. Atherton river during the half of every ebb tide must Royal Frederick, 91, all screw-ships, and build deserves praise. If the Council of the Society in llibly oceasion, he continues, a state of the ing under roofs contiguous to that of the Vie- of Arts can adopt any meins of hastening the water in it between the middle of Sea Reach toria, are to be launched by the end of the realization of Mr. Atherty's ideas, they too and Barking that is fearful to contemplate. present financial year.

will earn the approbation of the public. “We tremble," he says, "for the effects of


Royal Albert

st. in. ft. in.
102 400 205 751 63 2' 2016
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" poisonous exhalations to which the crews of reiterate Baron Liebig's words :—“In the year | enbalmed and entombed. In his astronomical " those ships will be subject that will have to ride 1855—1856 above ten million cwt. of guano studies, the earth on which he dwells will stand

out the ebb in that part of our river, and for were imported, of which the greater portion forth in space a suspended ball, taking its place " the unhappy inhabitants of its banks. To us it remained in England. In the course of half- as the smallest of the planets, and like them

seems to be bringing down upon them deli- a century above sixty million cwt. of bones pursuing its appointed path—the arbiter of “ berate destruction. The ships, it is true, have been imported into that country, yet all times and seasons. Beyond our planetary sys

can avoid it, by not staying at anchor in “this mass of manure is not worth mentioning tem, now extended by the discovery of Nep“in such a filthy element; but towns are “ when considered in relation to the arable sur tune to 3,000,000,000 miles from the sun, and

towns, and homes are not so easily shifted.” “face of Great Britain, and is but as a drop throughout the vast expanse of the universe, Captain Beecher goes on to say that we must “when compared to the sea of human excre- the telescope will exhibit to him new suns and not be surprised hereafter to find that the port "ments carried by the rivers to the ocean.” systems of worlds, infinite in number and of London will see its shipping diminish in It often happens in English life that, in re-variety, sustaining, doubtless, myriads of living consequence, the owners finding some other ference to some subjects, our only privileges beings, and presenting new spheres for the port where the health of their crews will not be are to pay and protest. This Metropolitan exercise of Divine power and beneficence. injured by the pestilential vapours which they drainage question is an example of this kind of But, it must be remembered, objects like would have to encounter on the Thames. Such thing. The fewer our privileges, however, the these will not be beheld without deranging the are the opinions of an experienced naval man more mindful we must be of them ; hence these thoughts of untutored minds. When first preon this subject.

observations. Hence also the Times' tardy sented to a mind thirsting for knowledge they On the other hand, the present week has action in the matter. “Everybody must feel, are apt to disturb its complacent equilibrium brought us the testimony of an enlightened the leading journal now tells us,“ that it is folly and unsettle its convictions. But, said Sir agriculturist upon the question. Mr. Alderman "to waste a substance which is urgently David to his hearers-Should this be the menMechi, of Tiptree Hall, in a letter to the lead- “ needed, and to pour prodigally into our own tal condition of any of you, be not alarmed for ing journal, says he considers it a public duty "rivers what, at a heavy cost, we go to South its results. This species of scepticism is the to direct attention to a danger of great magni.

America to fetch. . . . . We are burning the infant condition of the uncurbed and generous tude which threatens British agriculture, and “candle at both ends. We are paying heavily intellect. There can be no firm convictions through it the nation at large-meaning the “ to lose what we can very ill spare.". May we where there have been no perplexities and gradual but sure exhaustion of the soil of Great not yet hope to see our river unpolluted and doubts, and that faith which comes in the train Britain by our new sanitary arrangements, our soil enriched with the waste of this Metro- of early scepticism will finally rest upon an “which permit the excrement (really the food) polis ?

immoveable foundation. Credulity, on the conof 15,000,000 people who inhabit our towns

trary, is the disease of feeble intellect and ill"and cities to flow wastefully into our rivers.”


regulated minds. Believing everything and The continuance of this suicidal practice must It is well that we who have to deal daily with investigating nothing, the mind accumulates ultimately result, he says, in great calamities to the rough applications of science to common errors till its overgrown faith overmasters its our nation. Science has shown us that the life may sometimes raise ourselves to that untutored reason. Such a facility of belief land, to the depth at which it is ordinarily cul- higher sphere from which alone the greater may, in some cases, claim the sympathy even tivated, contains but a limited and measureable revelations of science are visible. Frequent of philosophy, but when it spurns the strict quantity of the elements of our food ; that opportunities of doing this are afforded us. demands of inductive truth, and plants imaginathese elements may be readily exhausted, and The inaugural addresses delivered at the annual tion at the door of the temple of science, it that they can only be profitably restored by meetings of our scientific societies—the Royal cannot be too severely reprobated or too sternly the application of human and animal ordure Society, the British Association for the Advance shunned. “In the present day, indeed, when such as we now waste. A century of abstrac- ment of Science, and others-usually are made “religion and philosophy are assuming such tion without replacements has reduced the old the occasions for comprehensive surveys of the novel aspects when the mysterious in reveand once fertile States of the American Union whole physical universe, so far as it is at pre- "lation is subjected to the scrutiny of philosoto comparative barrenness, and although by sent known to us; and we, for our part, are phy, and philosophy herself straying into the extensive purchases of guano, bones, and feed- always inspirited and rejoiced by the contem-“Îabyrinths of mysticism, and claiming kindred ing stuffs, we are trying to mitigate the evil, plations thus occasioned. In the address with with the supernatural ; when the apostolic we are warned by that great man Baron Liebig which Sir David Brewster opened the winter simplicity of Christian worship is marred by that these attempts are but as a drop compared session of Edinburgh University a few days the glitter and the mummery of exploded with what we waste. By a false delicacy and since, we are furnished with so splendid a re- superstitions, it is necessary to warn you a want of knowledge we have been accustomed presentation of the spectacle which the natural "against speculations morally and intellectually to deprecate as indelicate the very mention of world presents to the mind of the man of “degrading. In the blue heavens above, in the our excreta, but the stern requirements of a science that we cannot fail to win the attention “smiling earth beneath, and in the social rapidly increasing population imperatively de- of our readers to it.

“world around, you will find full scope for the mand of us the only profitable and available What are the subjects which the student of “exercise of your noblest faculties, and a field means of providing food for the people. In the natural sciences has to explore ? Sir David ample enough for the widest range of invencrease of population would, but for our sewer eloquently answers,-Creations of boundless “tion and discovery. Science has never desystem, bring with it increased means of pro-extent, displaying unlimited power, matchless

“rived any truth, nor art any invention, nor duction. Such has been the case in China, wisdom, and overflowing beneficence, will at religion any bulwark, nor humanity any boon, where the commercial value of human excre

every step surround him. The infinitely great" from those presumptuous mystics who grovel ment has ever been most wisely appreciated and the infinitely little will compete for his “ amidst nature's subverted laws, burrowing in and availed of. Of course our Boards of admiration. And in contemplating the great

“the caverns of the invisible world, and atHealth very properly consider their only duty scheme of creation which these inquiries pre- "tempting to storm the awful and impregnable is to cleanse our towns and cities. It is for our sent to his mind, he will not overlook the "sanctuary of the future." This is true wisdom landlords and agriculturists to associate their almost superhuman power by which it has been as well as true eloquence, whatever Dr. Cumwill and means to convey to the land those developed. Fixed upon the pedestal of his ming may think to the contrary: precious streams which now exhaust our soil, native earth, and with no other instrument but A great inventor and disco verer himself, it contaminate our rivers, and impoverish our the eye and the hand, the genius of man has was not to be supposed that Sir David Brewster agriculturists, and those dependent upon them. It may be said we are producing more food / penetrated the dark and distant recesses of would miss from his ken, in an address like this,


The finite has comprehended the triumphs of the mechanical and useful arts. than we used to do; no doubt we are, by en- the infinite. The being of a day has pierced The advances which have recently been made closing wastes, removing trees and fences, backwards into primæval time, deciphering its in these arts, he tells us, have already begun to cleaner and deeper cultivation, &c., but by subterranean monuments, and inditing its influence our social condition, and must affectthese very means and by the application of chronicle of countless ages. In the rugged still more deeply our systems of education. stimulating, substances we are more rapidly court and shattered pavement of our globe he The knowledge which used to constitute a hastening the exhaustion of our country. A has detected those gigantic forces by which our scholar and fit him for social and intellectual very large proportion of our population would seas and continents have changed" places—by intercourse will not avail him under the present be starved but for the enormous importations which our mountain ranges have emerged from ascendancy of practical science. New and of foreign food.

the bed of the ocean-by which the gold and gigantic inventions mark almost every passing This is the testimony of Mr. Mechi, and al- the silver, the coal, and the iron, and the lime year—the colossal tubular bridge, conveying though it contains nothing more than we have have been thrown into the hands of man, as the the monster train over an arm of the sea ; the many times said, it is desirable to repeat it materials of civilisation, and by which mighty submarine cable, carrying the pulse of speech here once more. Once more, also, we would cycles of animal and vegetable life have been | beneath 2,000 miles of ocean; the monster

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