« EelmineJätka »
Patents for Inventions.
NOVEMBER 11, 1859.]
sinkers in a grooved bar or comb; also in a method of wheels, which are mounted on studs fixed to a plate retaining each sinker in position by a spring; also in carried round by the carrying wheels, wlrich thus
securing such springs to a bar bý cement or solder. communicates a quick motion to tire rakes. Patent ABRIDGED SPECIFICATIONS OF PATENTS 2. In using a presser bar with garts or grooves for the abandoned.
sinkers to slide through. 3. In a method of producing 840. J. H. BURTON. “ Improvements in the manuTus abridged Specifications of Patents given below are a selvage on any needle in the frame by a thread. facture of barrels for small firc-arms." Dated April 4, classified, according to the subjects to which the respective layer. 4. In a method of making a knocking-over. 1839. nventions refer, in the following table. By the system of bar with the knocking-over pieces of steel plate, and Here the patentee takes a short solid cylindrical classification adopted, the numerical and chronological order of the specifications is preserved, and combined with
of securing them in garts or grooves in a bar of bar of steel which he slightly anneals. Through the all the advantages of a division into classes. It should be brass. We cannot give space to the details of the centre of its entire length a hole of sufficient size to understood that these abridgements are prepared exclu- invention. Patent completed.
allow for the proper contraction when the cylinder is sively for this Magazine from official copies supplied by the Government, and are therefore the property of the proprie
831. M. Scott. "Improvements in diving appa- elongated is drilled, and the piece heated to the degree tors of this Magazine. Other papers are hereby warned not ratus.” Dated April 2, 1859.
required in rolling steel. It is next subjected to the to produce them withont acknowledgement:
This mainly consists of the addition to the air action of corresponding taper grooves on the periSTEAM ENGINES, &c., 875.
pumps of an indicating cylinder containing a piston, pheries of a pair of rollers. The cylinder is presented BOILERS AND THEIR FURNACES, &c., 832, 866.
the cylinder being open to the atmosphere at the top, to these rollers upon fixed mandrils, and by them the ROADS AND VEHICLES, including railway plant and car
and connected with the pump at the bottom by means size of the hole reduced in the elongation is determined. riages, saddlery and harness, &c., 842, 862, 867. of a pipe and stop-cock; the piston is loaded with The barrel is then bored, turned, and finished in the
Patent completed. Ships and Boats, including their fittings, 843, 844, 815, weights which counterbalance the pressure of the usual way. 854, 860.
841. W. E. Newton. “An improvement in ladies' air. Patent abandoned. CULTIVATION OF THE SOIL, including agricnltural and hor- 832. M. COUPLAND. “Improvements in furnaces.” hooped skirts.” (A communication). Dated April 4, tieultural implements and machines, 868, 869, 870. Dated April 2, 1859.
1859. FOOD AND BEVERAGES, including apparatus for preparing
In furnaces wherein a part of the foil bars are
This consists in constructing one or more of the food for men and animals, 839, 859.
made to rise, as the fuel is consumed, in place of the hoops or springs of a skirt so as to preserve as far as Fibrous Fabrics, including machinery for treating fibres, hand mechanism for raising or lowering such part or necessary its inflexibility in an upward and down
pulp, paper, &c., 830, 835, 838, 847, 847, 849, 850, 855, parts of the foil bars, the patentee applies hydraulic ward direction in all parts except at a point or part 856, 865, 876.
mechanism, or the pressure of steam. The moveable on such side, where they are made flexible, in order BUILDINGS AND BUILDING MATERIALS, including sewers, bars are actuated by levers which receive
motion from that they may bend and allow the front portion to drain-pipes, brick and tile machines, &c., 833, 836. LIGHTING, HEATINO, AND VENTILATING, 825, 852.
the piston of a hydraulic cylinder. Patent com. hang down over the front of the seat when the wearer pleted.
is sitting down. Patent abandoned. FURNITURB AND APPAREL, including household utensils, 833. T. RICHARDSON and G. W. JAFFREY. "Im. 842. W. E. NEWTON. “An improved construction
time-keepers, jewellery, musical instruments, &c., 841, provements in the arrangement and construction of of retarding apparatus or break for railway carriages."
The retarding apparatus which operates on the 846, 848, CHEMISTRY AND PHOTOGRAPHY, None.
This mainly consists of a line or series of tapered wheels is actuated by means of suitable gearing, con
towers; cylindrical in transverse section, made of cast nected with one of the axles of the running wheels, ELECTRICAL APPARATUS, 837, 863.
or wrought-iron, having a clear space between each and this gearing is brought into action by means of a WARFARE, 810, 864, 874.
equal to its diameter. The spaces are to be filled in with clutch box under the control of the guard, and is put LETTER PRESS PRINTING &c, None.
balks of timber, iron pipes, or tubes, so as to form a in or out of gear by a screw shaft and lever. Patent MISCELLANEOUS, 827, 829, 831, 834, 853, 857, 861, 871, 872, species of vertical lattice, or screen, to break the abandoned. 873, 875, 877. oscillation of the waves, but at the same time allowing
843. C. RUSSELL. “An improvement in the work826. A. BESSEMER. * Improvements in furnaces the tides to flow freely through them. Patent com- ing of marine engines.” Dated April 4, 1859. to be employed in the manufacture of iron and steel.” pleted.
The patentee claims applying the vibrating motion Dated April 2, 1859.
834. T. WILLIAMS and J. H. FULLER. “Improve of a pendulum (derived from the pitching of a stean This consists in constructing furnaces for the manu.
ments in screw-stocks and dios.” Dated April 2, vessel) for catting off the steam during the descend. facture of iron and steel with a portion of the bed 1859.
ing pitch, through the intervention of a tappet shaft thereof raised above the level of the remaining part
This consists in the adoption of two square dies, connected with the cut-off valve, which will ensure a of the bed, and in so mounting such furnaces that, by with a cutting surface on each edge, and a wedge sudden cut off
. And in conjunotion with this comsuitable machinery, the beds shall rock or perform an
at the back thereof, pressed down, drawn up, or pro- bination he claims the use of a race which will allow up and down motion, thereby causing the metal to pelled by certain arrangements. Patent completed. of the pendulum vibrating to a given extent, without be roused about and turned over. Patent abandoned.
835. F. Ports and R. BROUG, “ Certain im. operating upon the cut-off valve, and will ensure the 827. S. DESBOROUGH. “Improvements in making provements in the manufacture of calico printing efficient action of the pendulum when the pitehing of up needles, steel pons, and other small articles for rollers or cylinders, also in the machinery and appa: the vessel exceeds the given limit. Patent completed. sale." Dated April 2, 1859.
ratus for performing certain parts of the same, and 844. M. A. CROOKER. “Improvements in paddleThe inventor takes a piece of paper, tin, &c., of which said apparatus are also applicable, separately or wheels for steamers."Dated April 4, 1859. suitable form, and by means of dies or tools he forms conjointly, to the manufacture of parallel and other This consists in graduating either the distance from or impresses on the surface of such material a number metallic tubes, and the rolling of the metal for the the centre at which foats or buckets of equal size are of grooves, channels, or corrugations according to the same, or other purposes.” Dated April 4, 1859. set upon the wheel, or of proportioning the size, and nuinber of needles the package is intended to contain, be judged from the above lengthy title) which we bucket to the amount of effective power impressed
This invention comprises a variety of detail (as may of course the resistance of each individual float or not impressed, and secures them, leaving one end of cannot here quote at sufficient length for an intelli- upon the wheel at the time the float or bucket is such series of groores open to introduce the needles, gible abstract. Patent abandoned.
passing through the water. Patent completed. that end being afterwards covered by a loose flap 836. J. ECCLES. “Improvements in machinery 845. D. B. WHITE. "Improvements in arranging folding over. He introduces into each case, when for making bricks, tiles, and other articles formed of ships' and other pumps.” Dated April 4, 1859. being made, a thin strip of magnetized iron or steel, plastic materials.” Dated April 4, 1859.
According to this invention, when it is desired to which will attract neeclles and preveent them falling The object here is to prevent breakage or stoppage raise water or other fluids from a lower to a higher out of the grooves. Patent abandoned.
of the apparatus when by accident an obstruction level, over an intervening obstacle of greater elevation 828. J. SKERTCALY. " Improvements in apparatus gets into the pusher chamber by providing a plate so than the higher level of the water or other fluid, the for regulating the pressure of gas.” Dated April 2, contrived, as to slide or give way, and in combining patentee prefers to employ an ordinary lift pump 1859.
rollers with machinery that shall crush and deliver which has combined with it a syphon-formed outlet This consists, 1, in the construction of oscillating the clay to the mill, and, moreover, force the mate pipe, which is carried up from the upper or other valves for regulating the supply of gas to the rial through the pug-mill to be expressed through suitable part of the barrel of the pump over tho burner. These valves work in mercury, and are so the moulding orifices. Patent completed.
obstacle above which the water or other fluid has to arranged as to release on one side of their centres a 837. C. F. KIRKMAY. " Protecting telegraph pass, and down again so as to dip below the water or corresponding amount of mercury to the displacement wires, and in using them for subterranean and sub- other fluid at the higher level. Patent completed. of the other. 2. In constructing a vertical section marine purposes.” Dated April 4, 1859.
846. E. MOREWOOD. “Improvements in coating valve by means of a small inverted cup, with slots or This relates to a mode of constructing and applying metals.” Dated April 4, 1859. openinga at its edges. 3. In reducing the pressure of telegraph wires, and consists in placing the wires The patentee claims the sheeting of iron or copper gas by causing it to percolate through any suitable covered with gutta-percha within a network, plaiting, by causing them to pass a certain number of inches depth or thickness of granulated material. Patent or braiding of cocoa-nut fabric. Patent abandoned. below the surface of the coating metal. Also, the uso abandoned.
838. C. F. KIRKMAN. * Improvements in the of a box or arrangement for dividing the surface of the 829. W. MATHER. “An improved apparatus for manufacture of cocoa-nut fibre yarn and matting." coating metal so as to have one kind of flux in one catching and destroying flies and other insects." Dated April 4, 1859.
side of the sheets, &c., to be coated, and another or no Dated April 2, 1859. This consists of shallow dishes or vessels of tin, by means of well-known spinning machinery, and in features more or less connected with the above.
This consists in spinning cocoa-nut fibre into yarn ilus at all on the other side. He also claims other zine, or other metal, with holes or projections in the afterwards manufacturing such fibro into matting by Patent completed. sides to allow of their being suspended from the means of machinery. Patent abandoned.
847. D. Sowdex. "Improvements in Jacquard maceiling, in which any of the well-known poisonous or 839. W. Brown and C. N. MAY “ Improvements chines employed for weaving figured goods or fabrics." adhesive substances used for such purposes is placed. in hay-making machines.” Dated April 4, 1859. Dated April 4, 1859. Patent abandoned.
The inventor mounts the rakes or prongs for tossing
This consists in imparting motion to the bottom 830. A. PAGET. “Improvements in machinery or the grass or hay on the same axis as the carrying bard and groove of jacquard machines by means of apparatus for the manufacture of looped fabrics, and wheels of the machine. On the frame in connection two rods or slides, and one lever and one treading rod, in the manner of constructing the same.” Dated with the shafts they fix a ring with internal teeth which simplifies the working and gains increased April 2, 1869. This consists, 1, in using a sinker to each needle, on the barrel or centre of the rake heads or prongs ; concentric with, and in the plane of, a small pinion thereof. Patent abandoned.
848. A. SHANKS. “Certain improvements in maand actuating each sinker consecutively by an incline they gear this pinion with the ring of teeth by means chinery for forging and stamping metals.” Datod or otherwise ; also in a method of supporting the of three or other number of intermediate or idle | April 5, 1850.
The patentee claims, 1, the constructing of steam. I treating, or manufacturing fibrous materials, and in which are to form a nave (by stamping in dies or hammers of forging machines operated by a rotary apparatus employed therein." Dated April 5, 1869. otherwise) with sloping or inclined projections to removement to work the valve or valves in lieu of cams This relates principally to the treatment of “ China ceive corresponding ends of spokes, and in some cases or levers. 2. The use of two extra valves, to regulate grass,” or “rhea fibre." The material is primarily he also recesses the nave, and forms the spokes with independently the pressure of steam on either side of deposited in a chamber containing a cold or heated projections to fit in the recesses. The object is to the hammer piston. 3. The forming of the piston rod alkaline solution, composed
of alkali and soap, or provide either
for heating all the parts at once, or for part of the hammer into an elliptical shape, to prevent oleaginous matter and common soda, or soda and heating any two or more of them separately, and then its turning round in the cylinder ; also, the placing of potash. After treatment in this solution the fibrous bringing them together in a heated state to be actel an elastic buffer inside the cylinder for the piston to material is removed, and it is then laid in a heap for upon by the hammer dies. There are various other strike against. Patent completed.
the gummy matter to become separated from the ac- features comprised in this invention, but to which we 849. G. HASELTINE. “Improvements in sewing tual fibre. The fibre is then beetled, washed, and cannot specially allude for want of space. Patent machines.” Dated April 5, 1859.
finished for hackling in the ordinary way. There are completed. This consists in making a fast or knot-stitch, in ad. modifications included. Patent abandoned.
883. J, ROGERS and E. J. TWEED. " Improгodition to the ordinary shuttle stitch, by a simple con- 857. N. LIBOTTE. “ An improved safety ap: ments in coating conducting wires used for electric struction and peculiar arrangement and combination paratus to be applied to cages in the drawing of coals." telegraphic purposes." Dated April 6, 1859. of parts. The invention is not described apart from Dated April 5, 1859.
Here the conducting wire or wires are first coated the drawings. Patent completed.
This consists of a safety apparatus in which claws, with gutta percha or india-rubber, and longitudinal 850. E. FAIRBURN. “ Improvements in machinery grips, or jaws are mounted upon shafts which are bands of braided or plaited hemp are applied so as to for carding wool and other fibrous substances.” Dated capable of being turned to the required extent by surround the insulated wire or wires, and these longiApril 5, 1859. means of vertical or horizontal springs on such springs tudinal bands may be bound round with yarn or not
to This relates to a former patent, dated March 11; being released by the breaking of the rope or chain by retain them, and then a coating of wires which have 1852, and consists in placing plates of thin metal be. which the chair is suspended. The springs being been previously bound with hemp or flax are braided twixt the swift or carding cylinder and the doffer, thereby set free to act upon the shafts and their jaws or plaited over the outer surfaces of the parts presuch plates being fitted and fixed in position with one or grips, the latter are caused to grip or catch into viously combined. Patent completed. edge in close proximity to the surface of the swift, the the pit or shaft guides with a firm hold. Patent 861. J. SCOFFERN. "Improvements in lubricating other edge entering into narrow grooves formed or completed.
projectiles and cartridges.” Dated April 6, 1859. cut into the surface of the doffer at suitable distances, 858. F. M. CRICATON. “Improvements in clocks This consists in employing for this purpose a com: 80 that the cards on the doffer are thus formed into or time-keepers.” Dated April 5, 1859.
position prepared by mixing together paraffine and rings, which being separated by the plates at the point This consists in a new arrangement of what is naphthaline. Patent completed. of contact with the swift of the wool, &c., is effectually usually termed a "going barrel," or toothed spring 865. D. MOSELEY. “Improvements in the manu. divided into strips as it is transferred from the swift box, applying the power of one only to work both facture of cards for carding cotton and other fibrous to the doffer, from which it is stripped and passes over trains. Patent completed.
materials." Dated April 7, 1859. grooved rollers to the rubbers. Patent completed. 859. T. P. LUFF. Improvements in cheese-vats." This consists in manufacturing the backs of cards 851. L. BRIERLEY and H. GEERING. "A new or Dated April 6, 1859.
of cloth composed of woollen weft and cotton or linen mproved method of ornamenting metallic bedsteads This consists in making those vessels in which warp covered with a sheet of india rubber in its native and other articles of metallic furniture.” Dated cheeses are pressed of metal instead of wood. The state cut from a cylindrical block. The sheet of April 5, 1859.
inventor makes them of the usual form, with loose native india-rubber is attached to the fabric by cement. The patentees claim ornamenting such articles by shifting bottoms, and with discs or followers to be laid Patent completed. applying thereto designs upon paper, the said designs on the top of the cheese, and more or less perforated 866. A. CIIAPLIN.
" Improvements in steambeing either drawn, engraved, lithographed, printed, as required. Patent abandoned.
boilers.” Dated April 7, 1850. or otherwise produced, and either plain, coloured, gilt, 860. J. ADAMS. “An improved tubular chain This consists, 1, in constructing boilers with tubes or bronzed and applied to the article by a mixture of cable guide for vessel's bulwarks.” Dated April 6, crossing the water surface line, such tubes being con. glue and paste, and afterwards varnished, stoved, and 1859.
tracted below such line, and re-expanded. 2. In polished." Patent completed.
This consists in an improved manufacture of cable combining in boilers tubes of different effective cali852. F. C. BAKEWELL. Improvements in open guide as made with its body or pipe curved in longi- bres, so as to obtain more equal currents throughout fire-places.” (A communication.) Dated April 6, tudinal section, the external surface of the flange the series. 3. In constructing vertical tubular boilers 1859.
being made in continuation of the curve of the body, with increasing horizontal area internally, at and imThe patentee claims the use of a recess or fire- and so that the chain whether running out or being mediately above the water surface line. The inven. chamber placed at the back of the fire-basket of the drawn in shall pass over and on a curved surface, such tion is not fully described apart from the drawings. grate, in combination with a covering, either arched or as will prevent any link from being stopped so as to Patent completed. Hat, placed over the recess and fire basket, extending be broken. Such curve of the flange and the inner 867. R. POSTLETHWAITE. “ An improvement below the throat of the chimney for better consuming surface of the pipe will also operate to diminish the harness pads for horses.” Dated April 7, 1858. the smoke and gas emitted from the fuel. Patent danger of breakage of a chain cable while the vessel This consists in fitting such pads with hinges made completed.
held by it may be riding at anchor_in stormy of one piece with, or firmly fixed to, the metal frame 853. G. F. CHANTRELL and E. DUTCH.“ Improve weather or while pitching on the waves. Patent com- on which the said pads are made in order to render ments in the apparatus for regulating the quantity of pleted.
them flexible, and thus allow of their expansion or water to be used for the flushing of water-closets and 861. J. A. H. BALLANDE. "An improvement in contraction when required for a different sized animal. other purposes.” Dated April 5, 1859.
the preparation of writing-paper, and ink to be used Patent completed. This consists in the use of a water supply cistern thereon.” Dated April 6, 1859.
868. R. WARDELL and H. KEARSLEY. "Improvehaving a double bottom forming a measuring chamber This consists in introducing into paper oxides or ments in reaping machines.” Dated April 7, 1859. for containing the quantity of water required at each metallic salts, the proportions of which may vary ac- This relates to a former patent, dated April 1, 1857, operation of the apparatus. Within the measuring cording to the intensity of effect to be produced. The and comprises several improvements which are not chamber is placed a double-acting valve, which upon agent preferred is proto-chloride of mercury, but any described apart from the drawings. Patent abanbeing elevated or depressed cuts off the supply open. salt of iron, of copper, or any other metallic salt will doned. ing between the cistern and the measuring chamber, answer. Patent abandoned.
869. G. CHAMPNEY. “Improvements in reaping and opens the discharge orifice formed in the bottom of 862. W.OWEN. “ Improvements in the manufac- machines.” Dated April 7, 1859. the measuring box, and upon the action being reversed ture of railway wheels and tyres, and in the apparatus Here the corn is cut by a series of circular saws the supply valve is opened, and the discharge orifice employed therein.” (Partly a communication.) driven by straps and pulleys from a suitable driving closed." This double valve is acted upon by a system Dated April 6, 1859,
spindle in the body of the machine. The cut corn of levers, which levers receive their motion by a per. This relates, 1, to a method of combining the felloes falls on to an endless inclined travelling sheet which son entering the closet or otherwise. Patent com- and the tyres, or any other parts of railway wheels, conveys it from the cutters towards the hind portion pleted.
and consists in forming a dovetailed or other like of the machine where a receiving box or "type" is 854. B. BROWNE. " Improvements in propelling hole groove or recess in the tyre or other of the two placed into which the corn collects. Patent abanships or other vessels through water.” (A communi. parts to be combined, and in forcing into this hole doned. eation.) Dated April 5, 1859.
groove or recess the heated end of a rivet or bolt, or 870. J. Lakin, jun. “A new or improved agriThis relates to screw propellers, and consists prin- the heated edge or end of a bar or plate, so that the cultural drill.", Dated April 7, 1859. cipally in placing them very much before the stern- metal shall be expanded in the said hole, groove, or
The essential feature of this invention is a vibrating post of the ship, and well under the bilge thereof, so recess, and thereby be caused to hold the parts firmly spout which delivers the manure by a side-long that the power will be greater, and acting more together. It relates, 2, to improved methods of, and delivery, Patent abandoned. directly upon that part of the vessel will assist in apparatus for, forming and combining the several parts 871. J. GARRETT.
“Improvements in the con. giving her more speed and less vibration. It is pro- of railway wheels and their tyres. According to one struction of goblets, jugs, and other like articles.” posed to employ double
screws, or two screws or seg; method the patentee forms the felloes of the wheels Dated April 1, 1859. ments on shafts at each side of the stern-post, the said with parts of two different diameters, or with alter- This consists in mounting the bowl in a setting of shafts being worked by any motive power. Patent nate portions of the periphery of two different radii
, metal which will thus be protected from liability to abandoned.
and also by preference of a dovetailed form. The tyre injury, and may be readily removed to facilitate the 856. J. HETHERINGTON, T. WEBB, and J. Craig. of the wheel is formed with a corresponding dove cleaning of the bowl. This metallic portion consti; Improvements in machinery
or apparatus for tailed groove all round its interior, and with parts of tutes the foot and handle, and the bowl is secured by spinning and doubling cotton, and other fibrous ma- its internal edge cut away so as to allow of the large making it fit at bottom on to a projection or into a terials." Dated April 5, 1859.
alternate portions of the felloe being dropped into the holder in the metallic foot, and causing the upper The patentee claims, 1, driving the spindles by recesses in the tyre, and then to be turned round in part of the handle (which is connected to the foot) to conical friction surfaces. 2. The
use of apparatus for the tyre so as to lock themselves in the dovetailed clip the edge of the bowl. Patent completed. causing the cords to lap around, and to retire from the groove. This brings the alternate small portions of 872. J. RAWLINGS. drag pulleys. 3. The use of slits formed in the flyers the felloe opposite to the recessed portions of the tyre, of boot-tree.” Dated April 7, 1859.
ructs a boot-tree capable of con. also with slits; also the use of spiral top ends to of a suitable shape which may be rivetted to the tracting to receive the boot,
and of being expanded and fast
wharves on one spindle. Patent completed. manufacture of railway wheels by means of dies under cleaned. This boot-tree is fastened to any fisel 866. T. SCOTT. "Improvements in preparing, a powerful hammer, the patentee forms the parts point. Patent abandoned,
An improved construction 873. J. T. PITMAN.“ Improvements in the con.
Dated Oct. 14, 1859.
paper, woven fabrics, paper-hangings, and all kinds of struction and use of fireworks for signals.” (A 2339. C. Collins. Improvements in the manufacture Nexible materials during and after the process of dry. communication.) Dated April 8, 1859.
of grease for lubricating the axles of railway and other ing and also for giving a continuous positive motion This invention is not described apart from the carriages, the journals of machinery, and for other to the suspending
rods or spindles. drawings. Patent completed. like purposes. (A communication.)
2415. G. B. Mill. Improvements in pressure
burners. 874. W. H. SMITH. " Improvements in the con- 2312. I. P. Henderson. Improvements in stop regulating apparatus for gas
2416. W. Fox and J. Willis. Improvements in the struction of cartridges, and in fire-arms for using the cocks or valves. same.” Dated April 8, 1859.
2313. G. Price. Improvements in locks.
manufacture of umbrellas and parasols, part of which This consists in making a cartridge with several 2344. J. Varley and J. Crowther. Improvements improvements is applicable to other purposes.
2417. R. A. Brooman. A method of preparing compartments in which the powder is deposited; these in steam-engines and boilers. are separated from each other by interposing discs of
2346. G. Goldsmith. Improvements in gas meters. inoxidizable oils and fats to be employed as lubricating metal so that the powder shall ignite and explode in
2348. H. W. C. Wise. An improved domestic ap
substances. (A communication.)
2418. W. Brookes. Improvements in machinery each compartment in succession, and give successive paratus for making tea, coffee, and other such like impulses to the missile. It also consists in construct.beverages.
or apparatus for preparing wool and other fibrous ing the interior of the barrel with cutting or sunken
Dated Oct. 15, 1859.
materials. (A communication.) grooves of different depths, but in the same continu- 2350. H. Chapman. An improved self-acting
2419. S. Beardmore. Improvements in electric
telegraphs. ous line, the deepest being at the breeeh. At a pro- safety railway break. per distance the depth diminishes, and so on succes. 2352. J. Fernihough. Improvements in the con.
2420. W. Thorold. Improvements in apparatus sively as many times as there are chambers in the struction of steam-boilers and apparatus connected applied to locomotive engines for condensing steam.
2421. J. Dahlke. Improvements in the prepara. cartridge for the purpose of receiving the ends of therewith. these projections, and allowing them to proceed their
2354. J. H. Johnson. Improvements in machinery of water and the preservation of organic matters, and
tion of charcoal and its application to the purification intended distance without obstruction. The depth of or apparatus for breaking stones. (A communication.) the groove being lessened at a given point raises a 2358. N. Montanari. An improved apparatus for
in apparatus connected therewith.
2422. F. Wrightson. Improvements in purifying barrier against which the wings strike, and the per. aiding children in learning to walk. cussion powder is exploded, igniting the powder in the 2360. J. Elder. Improvements in steam and other coal gas, and in utilizing compounds obtained in
purifying coal gas. next chamber. Patent abandoned. engines.
2423. F. N. Člerk and C. Thomas. Improvements 875. J. BINDLEY and J. L. Hinks. "Improve
Dated Oct. 17, 1859. ments in rotatory steam-engines and pumps, a por.
2362. W. K. Hall. Improvements in apparatus
in clevers and choppers.
Dated Oct. 24, 1859. tion of which improvements may also be applied to for manufacturing cotton wadding. (A communicathe bearings of shafts or axles, and other rotating tion;)
2424. A. L. Dowie. Improvements in gas burners, bodies.” Dated April 8, 1859.
2364. S. Newberry and H, Moore. Certain im- and in pressure-regulating apparatus for the same. The patentee claims, 1, a rotatory steam-engine or provements in looms for weaving.
2425. G. Holden. Improvements in machinery for pump consisting of two concentric drums, the annular 2366. W. E. Newton. Improvements in rotary spinning cotton and other fibrous substances. space between the said drums being closed on one side steam-engines. (A communication.)
2427. A. C. Bertrand. Improvements in the manu. by a rotating vane carried by the smaller of the two
2368. W. Norton. Improvements in kilns for facture of herbal cigarrettes. drums, the steam or water being admitted and cut off drying grain..
2428. R. A. Brooman. Improvements in daylight by the descent and ascent of a slide valve, the ascend.
2376.'J. Thom and A. Kennedy. Improvements and other refleetors, and in the method of supporting ing motion of which slide-valve is affected by the in looms for weaving.
lamp reflectors. (A communication.) same, and the descending motion by its own weight.
2372. R. A. Brooman. Improvements in electro- 2129. M. Fitzpatrick. Apparatus to be applied to 2. Making the bearings of rotatory steam-engines and magnetic engines, and in apparatus connected there the prevention of accidents on railways, called pumps in four pieces, the said pieces being made to with. (A communication.)
"parachoc." contract upon the neck of the shaft by the action of
2374. W. Tillie. Improvements in sewing ma- 2430. R. Seager. Improvements in compounds of wedges and screws. Patent completed. chines.
india-rubber and gutta-percha. 876. W. CAMPION. “Improvements in machinery
Dated Oct. 18, 1859.
2431. W. E. Newton. Improvements in the con. for the manufacture of looped fabrics.” Dated April
2378. A. W. Williamson. Improvements in obstruction of ships or vessels. (A communication.). 8, 1859. taining extracts from poppies.
2132. W. E. Newton. Improvements in paddleThis consists in the arrangement and combination of
2380. J. Higgins and 1. s. Whitworth. Improve. wheels. (A communication.) a moveable needle bar and needle presser and looped ments in machinery or apparatus for preparing and
Dated Oct. 25, 1859. hooks and sinkers and thread carriers, which are spinning cotton and other fibrous materials.
2433. H. S. Rosser. . Improvements in electric
2382. W. Newton. in moved by cams and by which greater speed is obtained used for spinning silk, wool, or other fibrous subs telegraph cables, and in the mode of obtaining . Patent completed.
stances. A communication.) 877. W. WHEELDON. “An improvement in
2437. W. A. Matthews. Improvements in springs.
2384. H. Hirsch. A new propeller for ships. looking-glasses and mirrors.” Dated April 8, 1859.
2439. E. Ellis. Improvements in the manufacture The object here is the ornamenting and increasing
Dated Oct. 19, 1859.
of lace, and in apparatus employed therein. the reflective powers of looking glasses and mirrors,
2386. J. H. Banks. Improvements in machinery
2141. E. S. Tebbutt. An improved manufacture of and consists in frosting, roughing, or obscuring, and for boring, cutting, moulding, and carving wood elastic fabrics. cutting or carving an ornamental border on one or stone, and other materials.
Dated Oct. 26, 1859. both sides of the plate, and afterwards silvering the
2392. C. Seton. Improvements applicable to the 2443. W. Clark. Improvements in the preparation same on the side on which the design is produced. wheels of carriages generally for the purpose of re- and application of baths or bathing media, and in apPatent completed. ducing the draught thereof.
paratus employed therein. (A communication.) 2394. G. Hart. Improvements in the manufac- 2445. J. Z. Kay: Improvements in gas meters
ture of hats. PROVISIONAL PROTECTIONS.
and in apparatus for maintaining or preserving the 2396. J. and H. Bruckshaw and W. S. Underhill. levels of liquids. Dated Aug. 31, 1859.
Improvements in machinery for elevating grain or 2447. J. I. Paterson. Improvements in shirting other similar substances.
cloths and in shirts. 1982. G. S. Fleming. Improvements in candles for the purpose of indicating time, and the facility of
Dated Oct. 20, 1859.
2451. C. E. Wilson and H. G. Hacker. Improvelighting the same.
2400. E.T. Hughes. Improvements in machinery ments in machinery for the manufacture of chenille. Dated Sept. 26, 1859. or apparatus for compressing and making caps for
2453. T. Whitby and W. Dempsey. Improvements 2178. G. Addenbrooke. Improvements in raising cartridges. (A communication.)
in ordnance and fire-arms. 2401. R. A. Brooman. A cryptographic machine
Dated Oct. 27, 1859. and lowering boats and other vessels from one water or apparatus for carrying on secret correspondence. level to another, applicable in inland navigation.
2455. C. Stevens. A machine for scouring and (A communication.)
polishing floors and decks of ships. (A communicaDated Sept. 28, 1859.
2402. P. A. Godefroy. Improvements in the con- tion.) 2198. E. T. Simpson. Improvements in apparatus struction of submarine
2457. E. H. Rascol. A new implement for cleansing for condensing distilled fatty matters.
2403. F. Nivelle. Improvements in sewing ma- of the plates, dishes, and other table or kitchen chines.
utensils. (A communication.) Dated Oct. 6, 1959.
2404. J. Hodgson. Improvements in building 2459. R. M. Ordish. Improvements in railway 2274. E. O'Connell. Improvements in apparatus ships and vessels.
fastenings. for supplying liquid nourishment to infants, invalids, 2405. C. Hanson. Improvements in fire-arms and 2461. R. A. Brooman. Improvements in the preand others, and for warming or heating the same. ordnance.
paration of red colouring matters or dyes. (A comDated Oct. 7, 1858.
Dated Oct. 21, 1859.
munication.) 2288. J. Dixon. Improvements in apparatus for
2406. J. Musgrave. Certain improvements in 2463. F. Cowan. An improvement in waistcoats steam-boilers.
and certain other articles of wearing apparel. supplying water to water-closets.
2107. J. H. Green. A composition for coating Dated Oct. 10, 1859.
metals and other substances for various purposes. NOTICES OF INTENTION TO PROCEED 2302. G. Davies. Improvements in the manufac2408. J. T. Pitman. An improved mode of con
WITH PATENTS. ture of paper, pasteboard, and cardboard. (A com. verting cast iron into soft malleable iron without
(From the London Gazette, Nov. 8, 1859.) munication.) change of form. (A communication.)
1528. J. Roberts. Filters. Dated Oct. 13, 1859.
2410. G. T. Bousfield. Improvements in ap2332. A. and J. Holden. Improvements in maparatus for steering vessels. (A communication.)
1533. G. and T. H. Wrigley. Self-acting mules. chinery used in washing, dyeing, sizeing, and drying. struction of ships and rafts.
2411. T. S. Prideaux. Improvements in the con.
1543. G. Hall, jun. Reaping machines.
1545. W. and J. Wray. Reaping machines. yarn and thread. 2334. W. Prosser.
1546. T. Wight. Cast metal pipes.
1653. E. Francis. Packing grocery. employed in the production of light.
Dated Oct. 22, 1859.
1558. L. Boigeol. Twisting fibres. 2338. W. Burgess. Improvements in reaping and 2414. P. Jones. Improvements in machinery or 1679. R. W. Morville. Window sashes. (A com. mowing machines.
apparatus for suspending, carrying, and laying down munication.)
1589. H. C. and J. C. Howells. Registering the LIST OF SPECIFICATIONS, &c.,
ROAD, Toreester-For making the intended new roads number of passengers.
over about seven acres of land at the top of Barbourne1593. J. MeIntosh. Driving belts.
Published during the cock onling Mor. 1, 135). terrace, and laying down the culverts connected there1596. A. Beaulieu. Crinolines. (A cornmunica
with. Plans, &c., and conditions at the office of Mr. tion.)
TIenry Day, surveyor, Foregate-street, Worcester. No. Pr. No. Pr. No. Pr. No. Pr. No. Pr. No. Pe.
Tenders to Nov. 12. 1807. L. Schwartzkopff and F. C. Philippson.
Roads, Vaterhead to Westmoreland, Ambleside. For Steam hammers.
the widening, improving, and diverting the road leading 1612. F. A. Le Mat. Ordnance.
7620 3 791 0 801 O 10 | 811,0 8211 5 83210 10 from Waterhead to the south entrance of the town of 1614. R. O. Rapier. Rolling plates.
7600 3 7920 4 8020 68120 7 8220 6 8330 7 Ambleside. Plans, &c., the office of Mr. Webster, land
773 0 3 793 0 3 1618. J. H. Johnson. Knitting franes. (A com
803 0 3 81310 7
surveyor, Rindal, who will meet intending contractors on 782'0 3 791 0 3 8010 3 814 0 3 8211 0 munication.)
8350 3 the ground at 10 a.m., on Wednesday, Nov. 16, to point
7830 3 7950 805 1 O! 8150 3! 825 0 3, 836 0 10 out the works and receive tenders, which must be ia 1620. W. H. Dawes. Iron.
31 796 0 3806 1 0 8160 81 826 O 3 8110 3 writing and under seal. The plan may be seen on appli1622. F. A. Le Mat. Fire-arms.
7870 8 797 0 9807 1 1817 0 3 827 0 3 813 10 cation to Mr. Thomas Balderston, Ambleside. 1636. M. Henry. Overshoes. (A communication.)
788 0 10 799 0 6 808 0 8180 8280
3 810) 7
SURVEY, Barnsley Union.—The guardians are desirous of 759 0 10 1660. W. Cotton. Looped fabrics.
799 0 809 1 819 0 4 829,0 3 851 0 3
contracting with two gentlemen, not being partners, for a 7000 10 1661. R. Mushet. Projectiles.
8000 7 8101 8200 3 831 0
new valuation (to be made in conformity with the 1665. R. Mushet. Metallic alloys.
Parochial Assessment Act) of the whole of the household 1674. R. Mushet. Metallic alloy. NOTE --Specifications will be forwarded by post from the
property, mills, manufactories, collieries, gas-works,
water-works, railways, and canals, in the township of 1707. Earl of Caithness. Permanent way, Great Seal Patent Office (publishing department) on re.
Barnsley. And the guardians wish to contract with one 1747. E. Hunt and H. D. Pochin. Resin. ceipt of the amount of price and postage. Sums exceeding
valuer for a new valuation of the land in the said towo2069. E. J. Mallett. Axles.
5s. must be remitted by Post Office Order, made payable
ship. A recent survey has been made of the township, 2152. R. Davidson. Holders for liquid or air.
and the map may be used so far as the same may be ascroft, Great Seal Patent Office. 2170. R. Kay. Textile fabries.
plicable and correct. Contractors inay tender either by 2181. W. Airey and J. Clayton. Preparing for LIST OF MISCELLANEOUS TENDERS IN
commission, or for a fixed sam. The township containe
abobt 2,200 acres of land, and 3,775 houses, warehouses, spinning:
and other buildings. Tenders and testimonials to Mr. 2251. J. Thompson and J. Thompson, jun. Salt.
VITED, AND ENGAGEMENTS OPEN.
John Tyas, Clerk to the Guardians, to Nor. 21. 2263. W.E. Newton. Fire-arms. (communica
The tenders and vacancies rohich appear in this weekly list RAILWAY DRAUGHTSMEN.-For the Cape Town Railway tion.)
are not repeated in succeeding numbers.
and Dock Company. One experienced in station work, 2314. A. V. Newton. Clarifying saccharine solu. BALLAST LIGHTERS AND Banges, Trinity Tlouse. For the
and the other in wrought and cast-iron work, are re tions. (A communication.)
building and repairing of the ballast lighters and barges
quired by this company to sail for the Cape by the nail 2318. W. Day. Rotary steam-engine. belonging to the Trinity IIouse. The necessary printed
of the Gth December next. Applications, with copies of 2323. T. Rothwell. Well-holes. forms, and every particular, at the Ballast Office, Trinity
testimonials, and stating terms, to Mr. G. Latham House, where tenders, November 14.
Browne, managing director, 261 Gresham House, Old 2313. G. Price. Locks.
Broad-street. DREDGING MACHINE AND SCREW TIOPPER BARGES, New2362. W. K. Hall. Wadding. (A communication.) castle.-For the construction of a dredging machine and
TRAVELLER TO WIRE DRAWER.-One acquainted with the 2111. T. S. Prideaux. Ships and rafts. three hopper barges for the Tyne Improvement Commis
trade, and of good address, will be liberally dealt with. 2119. 8. Beardınore. Electrio telegraphs. sioners. Plans and specifications at the engineer's
When not engaged in travelling, his services will be re2441. E. S. Tebbutt. Elastic fabrics. offices, Town Hall-buildings, Newcastle-upon-Tyne.
quired in the counting-house. Applications personally 2415. J. Z. Kay. Gas meters. Tenders addressed to the chairman of the commissioners,
or in writing, to Mr. John Caw, acoountant, II alifax; or on or before Dec. 13.
Messrs. Shackles and Sons, solicitors, Leeds. The full titles of the patents in the above list can be as- CORPORATION WATERWORES, Bradford.—The Waterworks TRAVELLER FOR A PLATE Glass MANUFACTORY. -- State certained by referring back to their numbers in the list of Committee of the Bradford Corporation will meet at where last employed, and the terms required. Address, provisional protections previously published.
their offices in Bradford, on Tuesday, the 29th of Novem. Box L., 20 Post-office, Manchester. Opposition can be entered to the granting of a patent to ber, at 11 o'clock, a.m., for the purpose of receiving TiN-PLATE WORKERS.-Eight or ten first-class men. Conany of the parties in the above list who have given notice of tenders or proposals for the following works :--The stant employment and good wages to steady men. Apply their intention to proceed, within twenty-one days from the
excavating for building and completing of a portion of to Mr. T. Wright, Victoria Tin Works, Sackville-street, date of the Gazette in which the notico appears, by leavini ; the main aqueduct or conduit for conveying water to Manchester. at the Commissioners' omoe partioulars in writing of the the town of Bradford, commencing at Sandbed Beck, in Gas Works MANAGER.-A person to take the entire charge objection to the application.
the township of Burnsall, and terminating at the south of the Morecambe Gas Works, near Lancaster. His end of a certain tunnel now in course of construction duties will be to undertake the manufacture of rus, lay
called Baden tunnel, in the township of Baden, with a LIST OF SEALED PATENTS.
down main and service pipes, and fixing meters, and certain branch conduit in the township of Draughton, other matters appertaining to works of this description. Sealed Nov. 4, 1859.
such conduits being of the aggregate length (including He will have a house on the premises rent free, and 1039. H. C. Hurry. 1190. J. Saxby.
the laying of certain iron pipes for supplying the village firing and gas. Applications with testimonials, and 1122. H. Turner. 1191. R. A. Brooman.
of Burnsall and about 675 yards of 31-inch pipes for stating terms, to Mr. William Whiteside, secretary to
crossing the valley of the Baden Beck) of abont 74 miles. the above company. 1131. H. Reynolds. 1205. J. T. Beale and Plans and specifications, &c., of Mr. John W. Leather, EXPERIENCED HANDS.--To fix galvanized corrugated iron, 1132. R. A. Brooman. T. N. Kirkham. civil engineer, Leeds.
self-supporting, and other kinds of iron roofs. Address, 1137. W. Kellingley. 1213. J. Chatterton. RurormATORY, Dalby, near Doncaster --For the works
with full particulars to previous engagements and 1138. F. Angerstein, R. 1220. R. Romaine.
necessary in the erection of the West Riding Reformatory references, M., 47 General Post-office, Liverpool. Clegg,and G. Thorrington. 12 17. J. H. Johnson.
for Girls. Drawings, &c., to Mr. Haughton, Hyde Park,
FOROE MANAGER.--Application by letter, with full particu1142. T. Jones. 1259. E. Pasquier. the site will have to be taken by the contraetor, and used
lars of qualifications, age, and expectations, to Mr. 1154. W. E. Gedge. 1288. D. S. Price. as far as applicable in the proposed buildings. Tenders
Roberts, care of Messrs. IIorn and Story, Grey-street,
Newcastle-upon-Tyne. 1166. W. Jeffery. 1331. 0. Maggs.
to Nov. 29. 1163. A. Morton.
1358. W. H. Parkes and SCUTCHING Room, Bolton.--For the erection of a scutching 116b. E. T. Hughes. W. Bagnall. room, a mixing place, and a warehouse at Belmont Mills.
PRICES CURRENT OF METALS. Plans, &c., Mr. James Lomax, surveyor, 8 Fold-strect, 1165. T. Green, jun. 1361. J. Wilson. Bolton. No date given.
London, Noo, 11th, 1859. 1109. W.Wilkinson and 1330. R. Barclay.
Rails in Wales and North
£ s. d. £,. d. p.ct. C. Whitley. 1107. M. J. Haines. monthly, to be delivered into store at Her_Majes y's of England
600 to 1170. M. Defries. 1501. C. Clarini. Naval Yard at Malta for six months from Ist December. Welsh Bars, in Wales
5 17 6 1171. J. Norman. 1743. A. Sidebottom. The commisssoners having the power to increase the Staf. Bors, at the Works
7 00 7 10 9
Hoops .. 1172. R. Thomson.
monthly proportion to be shipped after 1st January next 1759. J. Wright.
Sheets, Singles 1173. G. Bell. 1972. G. Collier. to any quantity not exceeding 4,000 tons in each month,
7 10 if required, on one month's notice to the contractor.
Boiler Plates 1182. H. Clarke. 1990. E. Ellis.
Comditions of contract and form of tender may be seen at Scotch Pix, M.Nos. War. 1187. J. Loadbotter and 2081. lI. G. Collins. the office department of the Storekeeper General of the rants, at Glasgow
3 11 9 sett J. Rhodes. 2131. P. Fairbaira. Nary, Somerset-place. Tenders must be addressed to Do. No 1, Good Brands
9 12 0 the Secretary of the Admiralty, and delivered at Somer- Scotch Bars...
7 10 0 8 0 0 3 Sealed Nov. 8, 1859. set-place, accompanied by a letter signed by two respon
Swedish Bars, in London..
11 10 0
11 15 0
COPPER: 1196. T. Scott. 1610. W. MacKean. sible persons, engaged to become bound with the person
Sheet and Sheathing
012 1200. R. Gourlay. 1645. II. Davies. tendering in the sum of £5,000. Tenders and attend
Tough Cake aod Tile. pr. ton 107 10 0 ance 15th inst. at 2 o'clock.
110 10 0 1207. J. M. Munro. 1915. W. A. Vérel. COAL, East India Company.--For the supply of 3,000 tons Australian
110 00 1208. M. Leahy. 2080, J. Mason. of coal for steam navigation, to be delivered into store South American
101 00 Dont 1296. J. Howard. 2089. W. E. Nowton. at Madras. Tenders, to 22nd November, or forms to be
Yellow Metal Sheathing
0 0 10
STEEL: 1306. J. Draper. 2109. W. E. Newton. had at the Marine and Transport Department in the
pr. ton 19
19 100 1874. R. Chrimes. 2111. II. Jackson. India ofiice, they must be left at the Secretariat office.
Faggot 1569. N. Ardaseer.
COAL, India Baard.-To supply 3,000 tons of coal for TIN:
p.cwt. 6 12 0
2) the under-mentioned sorts, viz. :- West Hartley, Long
Bar... PATENTS ON WHICH THE THIRD YEAR'S STAMP
ridge's West Hartley, Byat's Bedside West Tartley,
6 14 0 Straits
6 10 0 DUTY HAS BEEN PAID.
Ravensworth West IIartley, Joanassohn's llartley, Hast. TINPLATES: 2576. S. Tearne and G. 2005, W. Seed and W. ings' Hartley, Stewart's Wallsend Steam, Hartlepool Charcoal, I.C.
colliery) Hard Steam Coal. Forms of tender to be had LEAD: 2577. J. Nasmyth and 2017. R. A. Brooman. at the Marine and Transport Department in the India Pig, English
pr. ton 91 10 0 R. Wilson. 2025. L. J. V. Vuitton. office, with conditions annexel. Tenders, before 11
Sheet 2585, H. Bessemer. 2821. C. W. Siemens. forenoon, Nov. 15, at the Secretariat office.
SPELTER: 2393. W. Weild. 2331. J. L. Clark. Dust CONTRACTORS, St. Giles, Camberwell.–For the pur- On the spot
20 17 6 2596. C. Titterton. chase, collection, and removal, of all the ashes, cinders. For arrival
20 17 6 rubbish, dust, breeze, refuse, alth, soil, &c., in the
ZINC: several roads of the above parish, between Dec. 1, 1850,
97 00 PATENTS ON WHICH THE SEVENTH YEAR'S and November 30, 1860. Separate tenders for each of
REMARKS.-Business in metals continues to be on a very 690. W. Petrio. 650. J. Wotherspoon. to be seen at the Vestry Clerk's office, Vestry IIall, Cam
limited scale, and as a consequence the price of all tends 626. E. Lord.
downward, yet without any important change to note. 650. Iarl of Dundonald.
berwell. Tenders at the Hall, Yor. 14. Personal atten61. A. L. Knox.
LAWRIE AND HAGGER, Metal Brokers posit £5.
dince neces.lry; and the successful tencerer must de683. J. J. Ziegler.
33 Lombard-street, E.C.
6 5 0 nett 6 0 0 3
8 10 6
0 0 0
cashiers, and ticket-sellers at railway stations. customers to these very Swiss for watches for MECHANICS' MAGAZINE.
It is also contemplated to establish workshops our own use at home. Thousands of women in connexion with the school, where the girls are at this moment finding profitable employ
might be taught other trades—trades well ment at the most delicate portions of watchwork LONDON, FRIDAY, NOVEMBER 18, 1859. suited to women, but now almost exclusively in throughout the district round Neufchatel.
the hands of men, such as printing and hair- The subdivision of labour is there wisely EDUCATED FEMALE LABOUR.
dressing, for instance. As the means of the made so minute as to adjust itself precisely to Ir is far easier to sneer at the “rights of society increased so would the number of work- the special capabilities of every woman's indi" woman” than to show why the wrongs of girl would be admitted to either school or work- that the women of London will do badly what
shops and the variety of trades taught. No vidual dexterity. It is impossible to believe woman should not be redressed. We English- shop who did not bear a good character ; nor, the Swiss women are now doing so well. Thoumen, to whom “home” is the sweetest and
on leaving, would she be recommended for sands of the women of London, now in dire dismost precious possession, are too much in the habit of seeing in woman only the raw material employment till she had passed such examina- tress, have the power to equal and perhaps to for conversion into wives and mothers. We tions as proved her to be competent for it. outstrip their Swiss sisters in a rival race for an think of women as the attendants and helpers This is all most gratifying; and in pursuance of honourable and abundant means of subsist
"I know the realization of my suggesof men, and nothing more. Or if more, then the good work we would urge 'upon the pro
moters of these movements the immense im- “tions to be within their reach, and I beonly when “Man is the hunter; woman is his game;
portance of multiplying lady mechanics ! We “lieve,” says Mr. Bennett, "there are few mon “The sleek and shining creatures of the chase,
want all our men for our heavier trades, such of any worth who will refuse to join me in “We hunt them for the beauty of their skins." as engineers, builders, shipwrights, blacksmiths, the wish that Heaven may grant that this But in all this we men are wrong-stupidly, and so forth-trades to which we can never put “ desirable means of rescuing so many from blindly, heartlessly wrong. Doubtless the woman; and we may very well hand over our “their present misery may be speedily regreat and primary office of woman is that of lighter mechanical crafts to our poorer females. “moved from the necessity of newspaper disbeing man's "help-meet.” But as doubtless It is, of course, simply disgraceful to see the “cussion." this is not, cannot be, her only calling. To young women of our land forced by thousands We agree with Mr. Bennett; and if Viscount many a woman the hope of marriage never into vicious courses for mere want of employ- Raynham and his colleagues would do their comes; to many more the dream of wedded ment, while equal numbers of our young men work effectually, they should inquire closely life dissolves before its realisation is attained ; are draining away their manly qualities behind into this watchmaking question, which lies to others, scarcely have the bridal bells ceased drapers' counters, in hairdressers' rooms, and in ready to their hand. In their whole movement clashing ere the husband is tolled to his tomb ; scores of other occupations for which women we wish them the most perfect success. others put on with the weeds of widowhood the would display equal, if not greater, aptitude ; burden of providing for a numerous family; and although light mechanical trades are less THE MEASUREMENT OF WAVES. and so forth. On all sides we are surrounded obnoxious to man's manliness than such occu- The name of the late Dr. Scoresby has been by women whom God and Nature have cut off pations as those just mentioned, they may associated more prominently than that of any from man's immediate aid, and who by brain doubtless be entrusted to women with advan- other man with the subject of wave-measureor hand must win, for themselves at least, their tage to both sexes.
ment. His estimates of the heights and daily bread.
There is one trade in particular for which breadths of Atlantic waves have entered into It would be rather late for us now to attempt woman is eminently adapted, which should not many important discussions of late years, and to show how few are the means by which be lost sight of in this discussion, viz., that of have formed the basis of serious arguments women thus circumstanced can at present the watchmaker. Mr. John Bennett, of Cheap- respecting the dimensions of large ships and obtain livelihoods. It is well known the one side, has very nobly advocated the introduction other great questions. The interest attached chief calling which is open to them--that of a of female labour into the watch-manufacture, to his observations on this subject does not governess-has gradually been so brought down at the expense of much personal odium ; and appear to have arisen from any extraordinary that we have come to consider it but little, if so effectually has he stated his case, that some aptitude on his part, or from the possession by any, superior to that of the humblest menial of those watchmakers who denounced his la- him of any special apparatuses for the purpose. service ; and it is equally well known that bours in this matter, are prudently bringing up Any other intelligent person accustomed to scarcely any other outlet for female activity their own daughters to the business. Mr. estimating heights and distances by the eye, or has hitherto been deemed respectable. These Bennett tells us, not only that women are in by the aid of simple mechanical expedients, facts have lately been much considered by the all respects competent to make watches, but could have done all that Dr. Scoresby ever did, public, and many measures have been taken for what we British people are absolutely importing or ever pretended to do, in the way of obtainbringing about a better state of things. The large numbers of women-made watches every ing data respecting the dimensions of waves. latest movements are, first, the establishment year.
But, strange to say, of all the thousands of of“ registers of woman's work,” to be managed The Paris Exhibition must, he says, have clever mechanical men who sail the seas in purby committees of ladies, and in which may be opened the eyes of all but the wilfully blind to suance of their various avocations, only here registered the names of any ladies who wish to the startling fact, that quality, strength, and ele- and there one is found to bestow a little attenbecome candidates for remunerative employ- gance considered, the Swiss are nearly 40 per tion to this very interesting topic. With this ment in charitable institutions, as nurses in cent. under our prices. “So striking was their fact before us we cannot but be grateful for the hospitals, matrons in workhouses, teachers or "superiority, except in our first-class watch," pains which Dr. Scoresby repeatedly took to superintendents in industrial schools-likewise he remarks, " that I took my own eyes for a enlighten us, and especially for the ample infor those who desire to obtain situations as secre- “month through their principal manufacturing formation which he has afforded us in his taries, clerks, or bookkeepers, while other kinds districts. There I found causes in active journal of his voyage round the world in the of employment will in all probability gradually operation that explain the whole matter. Royal Charter, to which we drew attention in suggest themselves in accordance with the “From three leading manufacturers I learnt our last number. needs of society; and, secondly, the establish- “that 1,500,000 were made last year in the It may be of some interest to describe the ment of a society for promoting the employ-Neufchatel district, and this over and above methods adopted by him on that occasion for ment of women, The committee includes “the produce of the Geneva district. They obtaining scales of measurement for the height, several ladies of title ; Viscount Raynham, “declare, too, that their powers of production distance of the undulations, and velocity of the M.P., is the treasurer. A statement has been “have doubled in the last seven years. The waves. They were, in the main, similar to published in which various objections to the marvellous ingenuity of their tools and their those which he adopted in his inquiries on the employment of women are answered. It "skilful economy of labour fully confirm this waves of the Atlantic, the results of which appears also from this statement that it is the statement." So prosperous has been the were communicated to the British Association intention of the society to establish a large handicraft of these intelligent mountaineers, at its meeting in Edinburgh, in 1850. In writing school for girls and young women, where they that thousands of men and women engaged in of the great gale which overtook the ship on her may be specially trained to wait in shops, by the trade people all the hills and valleys far voyage to Australia in April, 1856, he says: “As being thoroughly well instructed in accounts, and wide, from the Val de St. Imier, in Berne, in “the ship was scudding directly before the gale, bookkeeping, &c.; be taught to fold and tie up the North, down below St. Croix, looking over the and was astonishingly steady and upright for parcels, and perform many other little acts Lake of Geneva. Compare the thousands there, considerable intervals of time; and as, notwhich a retired shopwoman could teach them. from north to south, with our manufacturers. “withstanding her great length, she found an The necessity of politeness towards customers, Within the London district, including every "ample extent for being evenly cradled, as to and a constant self-command, will also be duly dealer who professes and calls himself a watch her general bearings of flotation betwixt wave impressed upon them. Girls educated in this maker, we had in 1851 but 4,800 in the trade. “and wave, it was easy to find a scale, as I did, school would be capable of becoming clerks, | And what is the result? That we have become by ascending the mizen rigging, by which the