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NOVEMBER

sinkers in a grooved bar or comb; also in a method of wheels, which are mounted on sus fixed to a plato patents for Inventions.

retaining cah sinker in position by a spring; adeo in carried round by the carrying wheels, which thus

securin such springs to a bar bý cement or soller. communicates a quick inotion to the rakes. fatent ABRIDGED SPECIFICATIONS OF PATENTS 2. In using a presser bar with garts or grooves for the abandonod,

sinkers to slide through. 3. In a method of producing 80. J. H. BURTON. “ Improvements in the manuTax abridged Specifications of Patents given below are a selvage on any needle in the frame by a thread- facture of barrels for small firc-arms." Dated April 4, classified, according to the subjects in which the respective | layer. 4. In a method of making a knocking-over. 1879. llventions refer, in the following table. By the system of

bar with the knocking-over picces of steel plate, and Here the patentee takes a short solid cylindrical classification adopted, the numerical and chronological order of the specifications is preserved, and combined with

of securing them in garts or grooves in a bar of bar of steel which he slightly anneals. Through the all the advantages of a division into classes. It should be brass. We cannot give space to the details of the centre of its entire length a hole of sufficient size to understood that these abridgements are prepared exclu- invention. Patent completed.

allow for the proper contraction when the cylinder is sively for this Magazine from official copies supplied by the 831. M. Scott. "Improvements in diving appa- elongated is drilled, and the piece heated to the degree Government, and are therefore the property of the proprie.

ratus.” tors of this Magazine. Other papers are hereby warned not

Dated April 2, 1859.

required in rolling steel. It is next subjected to the to produce them without acknowledgenent :

This mainly consists of the addition to the air action of corresponding taper grooves on the peri. STEAM ENGINES, &c., 875.

pumps of an indicating cylinder containing a piston, pheries of a pair of rollers. The cylinder is presented BOILERS AND THEIR FURNACES, &c., 832, 866.

the cylinder being open to the atmosphere at the top, to these rollers upon fixed mandrils, and by them the ROADS AND VEHICLES, including railway plant and carand connected with the pump at the bottom by means

size of the hole reduced in the elongation is determined. riages, saddlery and harness, &c., 812, 862, 867. of a pipe and stop-cock; the piston is loaded with The barrel is then bored, turned, and finished in the

Patent completed. Sairs and Boars, including their fittings, 813, 814, 815, weights which counterbalance the pressure of the usual way. 854, 860. air. Patent abandoned.

841. W. E. Newton. “An improvement in ladies' CULTIVATION OF THE SOIL, including agricultural and hor- 832. M. COUPLAND. “Improvements in furnaces.” hooped skirts.” (A communication). Datod April 4, tieultural implements and machines, 868, 869, 870. Dated April 2, 1859.

1859. FOOD AND BEVERAGES, including apparatus for preparing In furnaces wherein a part of the foil bars are This consists in constructing one or more of the food for men and animals, 839, 859,

made to rise, as the fuel is consumed, in place of the hoops or springs of a skirt so as to preserve as far as Fibrous FABRICS, including machinery for treating fibres, hand mechanism for raising or lowering such part or

necessary its inflexibility in an upward and downpulp, paper, &c., 830, 835, 838, 847, 847, 819, 850, 853, parts of the toil bars, the patentee applies hydraulic ward direction in all parts except at a point or part 856, 865, 876.

mechanism, or the pressure of steam. The moveable on such side, where they are made flexible, in order BUILDINGS AND BUILDING MATERIALS, including sewers, bars are actuated by levers which receive motion from that they may bend and allow the front portion to drain-pipes, brick and tile machines, &c., 833, 836. the piston of a hydraulic cylinder. Patent com

hang down over the front of the seat when the wearer LIONTING, HEATINO, AND VENTILATIRG, 828, 852. pleted.

is sitting down. Patent abandoned. FURNITURR AND APPAREL, including hourehold utensils, 833. T. RICHARDSON and G. W. JAFFREY.

812. W. E. NEWTON. “An improved construction times seepers, jewellery, musical instruments, &c., 841, provements in the arrangement and construction of of retarding apparatus or break for railway carriages.” 851, 858. Metals, including apparatus for their manufacture, 826, and other like structures.” Dated April 2, 1839. Inarbours of refuge, breakwaters, sen walls, or barriers, (A communication.) Dated April 4, 1859.

The retarding apparatus which operates on the 816, 818, CHEMISTRY AND PHOTOGRAPHY, None.

This mainly consists of a line or series of tapered wheels is actuated by means of suitable gearing, con

towers; cylindrical in transrerse section, made of cast nected with one of the axles of the running wheels, ELECTRICAL APPARATUS, 837, 863.

or wrought iron, having a clear space between each and this gearing is brought into action by ineans of a WARPARE, 810, 861. 874.

equal to its diameter. The spaces are to be filled in with clutch box under the control of the guard, and is put LETTER PRESS PRINTING &c, None.

balks of timber, iron pipes, or tubes, so as to form a in or out of gear by a screw shaft and lever. Patent MISCELLANEOUS, 827, 829, 831, 834, 853, 857, 861, 871, 872, species of vertical lattice, or screen, to break the abandoned. 873, 875, 877.

oscillation of the waves, but at the same time allowing 813. C. Russell. “An improvement in the work. 826. A. BESSEMER.

* Improvements in furnaces the tides to flow freely through them. Patent coming of marine engines.” Dated April 4, 1859. to be employed in the manufacture of iron and steel.” pletci.,

The patentee claims applying the vibrating motion Dated April 2, 1859.

831. T. WILLIAMS and J. II. FULLER. “Improve of a pendulum (derived from the pitching of a steain This consists in constructing furnaces for the manu.

ments in screw-stocks and dies." Dated April 2, vessel) for cutting off the steam during the descend. facture of iron and steel with a portion of the bed 1859,

ing pitch, through the intervention of a tappet shaft thereof raised above ihe level of ibo remaining part

This consists in the adoption of two square dies, connected with the cut-off valve, which will ensure a of the bed, and in so mounting such furnaces that, by with a cutting surface on each edge, and a wedge sudden cut off. And in conjunction with this com. suitable machinery, the beds shall rock or perform an at the back thereof, pressed down, drawn up, or pro

bination he claims the use of a race which will allow up and down, motion, thereby causing the metal to pelled by certain arrangements. Patent completci. of the pendulum vibrating to a given extent, without be roused about and turned over. Patent abandoned.

835. F. Potts and R. BROUGH. "Certain im. operating upon the cut-off valve, and will ensure the 827. S. DESBOROUGH. “Improvements in making provements in the manufacture of calico printing ollicient action of the pendulum when the pitching of up needles, steel pens, and other small articles for rollers or cylinders, also in the machinery and appa: the vessel exceeds the given limit. Patent completed. sale." Dated April 2, 1859.

ratus for performing certain parts of the same, and 841. M. A. CROOKER. “Improvements in paddleThe inventor takes a piece of paper, tin, &c., of which sail apparatus are also applicable, separately or wheels for steamers.” Dated April 4, 1859. suitable form, and by means of dies or tools he forms conjointly, to the manufacture of parallel and other This consists in graduating either the distance from or impresses on the surface of such material a number metallie tubes, and the rolling of the metal for the the centre at which floats or buckets of equal size aro of grooves, channels, or corrugations according to the same, or other purposes.” Dated April 4, 1859.

set upon the wheel, or of proportioning the size, and nuinber of needles the package is intended to contain,

This invention comprises a variety of detail (as may of course the resistance of cach individual float or and he afterwards folds over those parts which are

be judged from the above lengthy title) which we bucket to the amount of effective power impressed not impressed, and secures them, leaving one end of

cannot here quote at sufficient length for an intelli- upon the wheel at the time the float or bucket is such series of grooves open to introduce the needles, giblo abstract. Patent abandoned.

passing through the water. Patent completed. that end being afterwards covered by a loose flap

836. J. ECCLES. “ Improvements in machinery 815. D. B. WHITE. • Improvements in arranging folding over.

IIe introduces into each case, when for making bricks, tiles, and other articles formed of ships' and other pumps." Dated April 4, 1859. being made, a thin strip of magnetized iron or steel, plastic materials.” Dated April 1, 1859.

According to this invention, when it is desired to which will attract needles and prereent them falling The object here is to prerent breakage or stoppage raise water or other fluids from a lower to a higher out of the grooves. Patent aban-loncil.

of the apparatus when by accident an obstruction level, over an intervening obstacle of greater elevation 828. J. SKENTCALY. “Improvements in apparatus gets into the pusher chamber by providing a plate so than the higher level of the water or other fluid, the for regulating the pressure uf gas.” Dated April 2, contrived as to slide or give way, and in combining patentee prefers to employ an ordinary lift pump 1859.

rollers with machinery that shall crush and deliver which has combined with it a syphon-förmed outlet This consists, 1, in the construction of oscillating the clay to the mill, and, moreover, force the mate pipe, which is carried up from the upper or other Falves for regulating the supply of gas to the rial through the pag-mill to be expressed through suitable part of the barrel of the pump over the burner. These valves work in mercury, and are so the moulding orifices. Patent completel.

obstacle above which the water or other fluid has to arranged as to release on one side of their centres a

837. C. F. KIRKMAN. Protecting telegraph pass, and down again so as to dip below the water or corresponding amount of mercury to the displacement wires, and in using them for subterranean and sub-other fluid at the higher level. Patent completed. of the other. 2. In constructing a vertical section marine purposes.” Dated April 4, 1859.

816. E. MOREWOon. “Improvements in coating valve by means of a small inverted cup, with slots or This relates to a mode of constructing and applying metals.” Dated April 4, 1859. openings at its edges. 3. In reducing the pressure of telegraph wires, and consists in placing the wires The patentee claims the sheeting of iron or copper gas by causing it to percolate through any suitable covered with gutta-perela within a network, plaiting, by causing them to pass a certain number of inches depth or thickness of granulated material. Patent or braiding of cocoa-nut fabric. Patent abandoned. below the surface of the coating metal. Also, the uso abandoned.

838. C. F. KIRKMAN. · Improvements in the of a box or arrangement for dividing the surface of the 829. W. MATHER. “An improved apparatus for manufacture of cocoa-nut fibre yarn and matting." coating metal so as to have one kind of flux in one catching and destroying flies and other insects.” Dated April 1, 1859.

side of the sheets, &c., to be coated, and another or no Dated April 2, 1859.

This consists in spinning cocoa-nut fibre into yarn lux at all on the other side. He also claims other This consists of shallow dishes or vegsele of tin, by means of well-known spinning machinery, and in features more or less connected with the above. zinc, or other metal, with holes or projections in the afterwards manufacturing such tibro into matting by Patent completed. sides to allow of their being suspended from the means of machinery. Patent abandoned.

817. D. SOWDEX. "Improvements in Jacquard maceiling, in which any of the well-known poisonous or 839. W. Brown and C. N. MAY " Improvements chines employed for weaving tigured goods or fabrics.” adhesive substances used for such purposes is placed. in hay-making machines." Dated April 4, 1859. Dated April 4, 1859. Patent abandoned.

The inventor mounts the rakes or prongs for tossing This consists in imparting motion to the bottom 830. A. Pager. “Improvements in machinery or the grass or hay on the same axis as the carrying bard and groove of jacquard machines by means of apparatus for the manufacture of looped fabrics, and wheels of the machine. On the frame in connection two rods or slides, and one lever and one treading rod, in the manner of constructing the same.” Dated with the shafts they fix a ring with internal teeth which simplifies the working and gains increasedí April 2, 1859.

concentric with, and in the plane of, a small pinion thereof. Patent abanıloned. This consists, 1, in using a sinker to each needle, on the barrel or centre of the rake heads or prongs; 848. A. SULANKS. “Certain improvements in ma. and actuating each sinker consecutively by an incline they gear this pinion with the ring of tecth by means chinery for forging and stamping metals.” Datod or otherwise; also in a method of supporting the of three or other number of intermediate or idle | April 6, 1850.

66

66

a

“A new or

The patentce claims, 1, the constructing of steam. treating, or manufacturing fibrous materials, and in which are to form a nave (by stamping in dies or hammers of forging machinos operated by a rotary apparatus employed therein." Dated April 5, 1859. otherwise) with sloping or inclined projections to removement to work the valve or valves in lieu of cams This relates principally to the treatment of China ceive corresponding ends of spokos, and in some cases or levers. 2. The use of two extra valves, to regulate grass,” or “rhea fibre." The material is primarily he also recesses the nave, and forms the spokes with independently the pressure of steam on either side of deposited in a chamber containing a cold or heated projections to fit in the recesses. The object is to the hammer piston. 3. The forming of the piston rod alkaline solution, composed of alkali and soap, or provide either for heating all the parts at once, or for part of the hammer into an elliptical shape, to prevent oleaginous matter and common soda, or soda and heating any two or more of them separately, and then its turning round in the cylinder; also, the placing of potash. After treatment in this solution the fibrous bringing them together in a heated state to be acted an elastic buffer inside the cylinder for the piston to material is removed, and it is then laid in a heap for upon by the hammer dies. There are various other strike against. Patent completed.

the gummy matter to become separated from the ac. featuves comprised in this invention, but to which we 819. G. HaseltINE. “Improvements in sewing tual fibre. The fibre is then beetled, washed, and cannot specially alludle for want of space. Patent machines.” Dated April 5, 1859.

fivished for hackling in the ordinary way. There are completed. This consists in making a fast or knot-stitch, in ad. modifications included. Patent abandoned.

863. J. Rogers and E. J. Tweed. "Improro. dition to the ordinary shuttle stitch, by a simple con. 857. N. LIBOTTE. “ An improved safety ap: ments in coating conducting wires used for electric struction and peculiar arrangement and combination paratus to be applied to cages in the drawing of coals." | telegraphic purposes.” Dated April 6, 1839. of parts. The invention is not described apart from Dated April 5, 1859.

Here the conducting wire or wires are first coated the drawings. Patent completed.

This consists of a safety apparatus in which claws, with gutta percha or india-rubber, and longitudinal 850. E. FAIRBURN. “ Improvements in machinery grips, or jaws are mounted upon shafts which are bands of braided or plaited hemp are applied so as to for carding wool and other fibrous substances.” Dated capable of being turned to the required extent by surround the insulated wire or wires, and these longi. April 5, 1869.

means of vertical or horizontal springs on such springs tudinal bands may be bound round with yarn or not to This relates to a former patent, dated March 11; being released by the breaking of the rope or chain by retain them, and then a coating of wires which have 1852, and consists in placing plates of thin metal be. which the chair is suspended. The springs being been previously bound with heap or tlax are brailed twixt the swift or carding cylinder and the doffer, thereby set free to act upon the shafts and their jaws or plaited over the outer surfaces of the parts presuch plates being fitted and fixed in position with one or grips, the latter are caused to grip or catch into viously combined. Patent completed. edge in close proximity to the surface of the swift, the the pit or shaft guides with a firm hold. Patent 861. J. Scoppern. “Improvements in lubricating other edge entering into narrow grooves formed or completed.

projectiles and cartridges.” Datel April 6, 1853. cut into the surface of the doffer at suitable distances, 858. F. M. CRICATON. “Improvements in clocks This consists in employing for this purpose a com. 80 that the cards on the doffer are thus formed into or time-keepers.” Dated April , 1859.

position prepared by mixing together paraffine and rings, which being separated by the plates at the point This consists in a new arrangement of what is naphthaline. Patent completed. of contact with the swift of the wool, &c., is effectually usually termed a "going barrel,” or toothed spring 865. D. Moseley. “ Iimprovements in the manu. divided into strips as it is transferred from the swift box, applying the power of one only to work both facture of cards for carding cotton and other fibrous to the doffer, from which it is stripped and passes over trains. Patent completed.

materials.” Dated April 7, 1859. grooved rollers to the rubbers. Patent completed. 859. T. P. LUFF. * Improvements in cheese-vats." This consists in manufacturing the haeks of cards 851. L. BRIERLEY and H. GEERING. Dated April 6, 1859.

of cloth composed of woollen weft and cotton or linen mproved method of ornamenting inetallic bedsteads This consists in making those vessels in which warp covered with a sheet of india rubber in its native and other articles of metallic furniture.” Dated cheeses are pressed ot' metal instead of wood. The state cut from a cylindrical block. The sheet of April 5, 1859.

inventor makes them of the usual form, with loose native india-rubber is attached to the fabric by cement. The patentees claim ornamenting such articles by shifting bottoms, and with discs or followers to be laid Patent completed. applying thereto designs upon paper, the said designs on the top of the cheese, and more or less perforated 886. A. CIAPLIN. " Improvements in steambeing either drawn, engraved, lithographed, printed, as required. Patent abandoned.

boilers.” Dated April 7, 1859. or otherwise produced, and either plain, coloured, gilt, 860. J. ADAMS. “An improved tubular chain This consists, 1, in constructing boilers with tubes or bronzed and applied to the article by a mixture of cable guide for vessel's bulwarks.” Dated April 6, crossing the water surface line, such tubes being coaglue and paste, and afterwards varnished, stoved, and 1859.

tracted below such line, and re-expanded. 2. In polished. Patent completed.

This consists in an improved manufacture of cable combining in boilers tubes of different effective cali. 852. F. C. BAKEWELL.. " Improvements in open gui-le as made with its body or pipe curred in longi. bres, so as to obtain inore equal currents throughout fire places." (A communication.) Dated April 6, tudinal section, the external surface of the flange the series. 3. In constructing vertical tubular boilers 1859.

being made in continuation of the curve of the body, with increasing horizontal area internally, at and inn. The patentee claims the use of a recess or fire and so that the chain whether running out or being mediately abure the water surface line. The inven. chamber placed at the back of the fire-basket of the drawn in shall pass over and on a curved surface, such tion is not fully described apart from the drawings. grate, in combination with a covering, either arched or as will prevent any link from being stopped so as to Patent completed. Hat, placed over the recess and fire basket, extending be broken. Such curve of the flange and the inner 867. R. PostleTUWAITE. “ An improvement in below the throat of the chimney for better consuming surface of the pipe will also operate to diminish the harness pads for horses.” Dated April 7, 1859. the smoke and gas emitted from the fuel. Patent danger of breakage of a chain cable while the vessel This consists in fitting such pads with hinges made completed.

held by it may be riding at anchor_in stormy of one piece with, or firmly fixed to, the metal frame 853. G. F. CHANTRELL and E. DUTCH.“ Improve weather or while pitching on the waves. Patent com on which the said pads are made in order to render ments in the apparatus for regulating the quantity of pleted.

them flexible, and thus allow of their expansion of water to be used for the flushing of water-closets and 861. J. A. H. BALLANDE, “An improvement in contraction when required for a different sized animal. other purposes.", Dated April 5, 1859.

the preparation of writing-paper, and ink to be used Patent completed. This consists in the use of a water supply cistern thereon.” Dated April 6, 1859.

868. R. WARDELL and H. KEARSLEY. * Improro. having a double bottom forming a measuring chamber This consists in introducing into paper oxides or ments in reaping machines." Dated April 7, 1059. for containing the quantity of water required at each metallic salts, the proportions of which may vary ac This relates to a former patent, dated April 1, 1857, operation of the apparatus. Within the measuring cording to the intensity of effect to be produced. The and comprises soveral improvements which are not chamber is placed a double-acting valve, which upon agent preferred is proto-chloride of mercury, but any described apart from the drawings. Patent abanbeing elevated or depressed cuts off the supply open salt of iron, of copper, or any other metallic salt will doned. ing between the cistern and the measuring chamber, answer. Patent abandoned.

869. G. CIAMPNEY. "Improvements in reaping and opens the discharge orifice formed in the bottom of 862. W. Owen. “ Improvements in the manufac machines.” Dated April 7, 1859. the measuring box, and upon the action being reversed ture of railway wheels and tyres, and in the apparatus Here the corn is cut by a series of circular saws the supply valve is opened, and the discharge orifice employed therein.” (Partly a communication.) driven by straps and pulleys from a suitable driving closed. This double valve is acted upon by a system Dated April 6, 1859.

spindle in the body of the machine. The cut coru of levers, which levers receive their motion by a per This relates, 1, to a method of combining the felloes falls on to an endless inclined travelling sheet which son entering the closet or otherwise. Patent com and the tyres, or any other parts of railway wheels, conveys it from the cutters towards the hind portion pleted.

and consists in forming a dovetailed or other liko of the machine where a receiving box or "type" is 854. B. Browne. “Improvements in propelling hole groove or recess in the tyre or other of the two placed into which the corn collects. Patent abanships or other vessels through water.” (A communi parts to be combined, and in forcing into this hole doned. eation.) Dated April 5, 1859.

groove or recess the heated end of a rivet or bolt, or 870. J. Lakin, jun. “A new or improved agri. This relates to screw propellers, and consists prin. the heated edge or end of a bar or plate, so that the cultural drill.", Dated April 7, 1859. cipally in placing them very much before the stern. metal shall be expanded in the said hole, groove, or The essential feature of this invention is a vibrating post of the ship, and well under the bilge thereof, so recess, and thereby be caused to hold the parts firmly spout which delivers the manure by a side-lons that the power will be greater, and acting more together. It relates, 2, to improvod methods of, and delivery. Patent abandoned, directly upon that part of the vessel will assist in apparatus for, forming and combining the several parts 871. J. GARRETT. " Improvements in the con. giving her more speed and less vibration.

of railway wheels and their tyros. According to one struction of goblets, jugs, and other like articles." posed to employ double screws, or two screws or seg, method the patentee forms the felloes of the wheels Dated April 7, 1859. ments on shafts at eoch side of the stern-post, the said with parts of two different diameters, or with alter This consists in mounting the bowl in a setting of shafts being worked by any motive power. Patent nate portions of the periphery of two different radii, metal which will thus be protected from liability to abandoned.

and also by preference of a dovetailed form. The tyre injury, and may be readily removed to facilitate the 855. J. HETHERINGTON, T. WEBB, and J. CRAIG. of the wheel is formed with a corresponding dove cleaning of the bowl. This metallic portion consti “ Improvements in machinery or apparatus for tailed groove all round its interior, and with parts of tutes the foot and handle, and the bowl is secured by spinning and doubling cotton, and other librous ma its internal edge cut away so as to allow of the large making it fit at bottom on to a projection or into a terials.” Dated April 6, 1869.

alternate portions of the felloe being dropped into the holder in the metallic foot, and causing the upper The patentee claims, 1, driving the spindles by recesses in the tyre, and then to be turned round in part of the handle (which is connected to the foot, tu conical friction surfaces. 2. The use of apparatus for the tyre so as to lock themselves in the dovetailed clip the edge of the bowl. Patent completed. causing the cords to lap around, and to retire from the groove. This brings the alternate small portions of 872. J. RAWLINGS. “An improved constructiun drag pulleys. 3. The use of slits formed in the flyers the felloe opposite to the recessed portions of the tyre, of boot tree.” Dated April 7, 1839. or tops of spindles, in conjunction with top bearings, and the vacant spaces thus left are filled up by plates The patentee construcis a boot-tree capable of one also with slits; also the use of spiral top ends to of a suitable shape which may be rivetted to the tracting to receive the boot, and of being expanded flyers or spindles. 4. The use of two or more loose felloe. Again, in order to facilitate and improve the and retained in that position while the boot is being and fast wharves on one spindle. Patent completed. manufacture of railway wheels by means of dies under cleaned. This boot-tree is fastened to any fisod

856. T. Scort. " Improvements in preparing, I a powerful hammer, the patentee forms the parts point. Patent abandoned,

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873. J. T. PITMAN. “Improvements in the con.

Dated Oct. 14, 1859.

paper, woven fabrics, paper-hangings, and all kinds of struction and use of fireworks for signals.” (A 2339. C. Collins. Improvements in the manufacture flexible materials during and after the process of dry. communication.) Dated April 8, 1859.

of grease for lubricating the axles of railway and other ing and also for giving a continuous positive motion This invention is not described apart from the carriages, the journals of machinery, and for other

to the suspending rods or spindles.
drawings. Patent completed.
like purposes. (A communication.)

2415. G. B. Mill. Improvements in pressure-
874. W, H. SMITH. “ Improvements in the con- 2312. J. P. Henderson. Improvements in stop regulating apparatus for gas burners.
struction of cartridges, and in fire-arms for using the cocks or valves.

2416. W. Fox and J. Willis. Improvements in the same." Dated April 8, 1859.

2313. G. Price. Improvements in locks.

manufacture of umbrellas and parasols, part of which This consists in making a cartridge with several 2344. J. Varley and J. Crowther. Improvements improvements is applicable to other purposes.

2417. R. A. Brooman. A method of preparing compartments in which the powder is deposited; these in steam-engines and boilers. are separated from each other by interposing discs of 2346. G. Goldsmith. Improvements in gas meters. inoxidizable oils and fats to be employed as lubricating metal so that the powder shall ignite and explode in

2318. H. W. C. Wise. An improved domestic ap

substances. (A communication.) each compartment in succession, and give successive paratus for making tea, coffee, and other such like

2418. W. Brookes. Improvements in machinery impulses to the missile. It also consists in construct. beverages.

or apparatus for preparing wool and other fibrous ing the interior of the barrel with cutting or sunken

Dated Oct. 15, 1859.

materials. (A communication.) grooves of different depths, but in the same continu- 2350. H. Chapman. An improved self-acting

2419. S. Beardmore. Improvements in electric

telegraphs. ous line, the deepest being at the breeeh. At a pro- safety railway break.

2420. W. Thorold. Improvements in apparatus per distance the depth diminishes, and so on succes. 2352. J. Fernihough. Improvements in the con. sively as many times as there are chambers in the struction of steam-boilers and apparatus connected applied to locomotive engines for condensing steam.

2421. J. Dahlke. Improvements in the prepara..
cartridge for the purpose of receiving the ends of therewith.
these projections, and allowing them to proceed their
intended distance without obstruction. The depth

of or apparatus for breaking stones. (A communication.) in apparatus connected therewith.
2354. J. H. Johnson. Improvements in machinery tion of charcoal and its application to the purification

of water and the preservation of organic matters, and
the groove being lessened at a given point raises a 2358. N. Montanari. An improved apparatus for
barrier against which the wings strike, and the per- aiding children in learning to walk.

2422. F. Wrightson. Improvements in purifying cussion powder is exploded, igniting the powder in the

coal gas, and in utilizing compounds obtained in

2360. J. Elder. Improvements in steam and other next chamber. Patent abandoned.

purifying coal gas. engines.

2423. F. N. Člerk and C. Thomas. Improvements 875. J. BINDLEY and J. L. HInks. “ Improve

Dated Oct. 17, 1859.

in clevers and choppers.
ments in rotatory steam-engines and pumps, a por.

2362. W. K. Hall. Improvements in apparatus
tion of which improvements may also be applied to
for manufacturing cotton wadding. (A communica-

Dated Oct. 24, 1859.
the bearings of shafts or axles, and other rotating tions!

2424. A. L. Dowie. Improvements in gas burners, bodies.” Dated April 8, 1859. 2361. 8. Newberry and H. Moore. Certain im. and in pressure-regulating apparatus for the same.

2425. G. Holden. Improvements in machinery for The patentee claims, 1, a rotatory steam-engine or provements in looms for weaving. pump consisting of two concentric drums, the annular

2366. W. E. Newton. Improvements in rotary spinning cotton and other fibrous substances. space between the said drums being closed on one side steam-engines. (A communication.)

2427. A. C. Bertrand. Improvements in the manu. by a rotating vane carried by the smaller of the two

2368, W. Norton. Improvements in kilns for facture of herbal cigarrettes. drums, the steam or water being admitted and cut off drying grain.

2428. R. A. Brooman. Improvements in daylight by the descent and ascent of a slide valve, the ascend

2376. J. Thom and A. Kennedy. Improvements and other refleetors, and in the method of supporting ing motion of which slide-valve is affected by the in looms for weaving.

lamp reflectors. (A communication.) same, and the descending motion by its own weight.

2372. R. A. Brooman. Improvements in electro- 2129. M. Fitzpatrick. Apparatus to be applied to

the 2. Making the bearings of rotatory steam-engines and magnetic engines, and in apparatus connected there. prevention of accidents on railways, called pumps in four pieces, the said pieces being made to with. (A communication.)

"parachoc.”

2374. W. Tillie. contract upon the neck of the shaft by the action of

Improvements in sewing ma- 2430. R. Seager. Improvements in compounds of wedges and screws. Patent completed. chines.

india-rubber and gutta-percha. 876. W. CAMPIOX. “Improvements in machinery

Dated Oct. 18, 1859.

2431. W. E. Newton. Improvements in the con. for the manufacture of looped fabrics.” Dated April taining extraets from poppies. 2378. A. W. Williamson. Improvements in ob- struction of ships or vessels. (A communication.)

2432. W. E. Newton. Improvements in paddle-
8, 1859.
This consists in the arrangement and combination of
2380. J. Higgins and T. s. Whitworth. Improve. wheels. (A communication.)

Dated Oct. 25, 1859.
a moveable needle bar and needle presser and looped ments in machinery or apparatus for preparing and
hooks and sinkers and thread carriers, which are
spinning cotton and other fibrous materials.

2433. H. S. Rosser. Improvements in electric moved by cams and by which greater speed is obtained

2392. W. E. Newton. Improvements in machinery telegraph cables, and in the mode of obtaining than heretofore. Patent completed. used for spinning silk, wool, or other fibrous sub

signals. stances, (A communication.)

2137. W. A. Matthews. Improvements in springs. 877. W. WHEELDON. “An improvement in 2384. H. Hirsch. A new propeller for ships. looking-glasses and mirrors.” Dated April 8, 1859.

2139. E. Ellis. Improvements in the manufacture The object here is the ornamenting and increasing

Dated Oct. 19, 1859.

of lace, and in apparatus employed therein.
the reflective powers of looking glasses and mirrors,
2386. J. H. Banks. Improvements in machinery

2141. E. S. Tebbutt. An improved manufacture of
and consists in frosting, roughing, or obscuring, and for boring, cutting, moulding, and carving wood elastic fabrics.
cutting or carving an ornamental border on one or
stone, and other materials.

Dated Oct. 26, 1859. both sides of the plate, and afterwards silvering the

2392. C. Seton. Improvements applicable to the 24-13. W. Clark. Improvements in the preparation same on the side on which the design is produced. wheels of carriages generally for the purpose of re- and application of baths or bathing media, and in apPatent completed. ducing the draught thereof.

paratus employed therein. (A communication.) 2391. G. Hart. Improvements in the manufac- 24-15. J. Z. Kay. Improvements in gas meters ture of hats.

and in apparatus for maintaining or preserving the PROVISIONAL PROTECTIONS.

2396. J. and H. Bruckshaw and W. S. Underhill. levels of liquids. Dated Aug. 31, 1859.

Improvements in machinery for elevating grain or 2417. J. H. Paterson. Improvements in shirting
other similar substances.

cloths and in shirts.
1982. G. S. Flerning. Improvements in candles
for the purpose of indicating time, and the facility of

Dated Oct. 20, 1859.

2451. C. E. Wilson and H. G. Hacker. Improve. lighting the same.

2400. E.T. Hughes. Improvements in machinery ments in machinery for the manufacture of chenille. Dated Sept. 26, 1859. or apparatus for compressing and making caps for

2453. T. Whitby and W. Dempsey. Improvements cartridges. (A communication.)

in ordnance and fire-arms. 2178. G. Addenbrooke. Improvements in raising 2401. R. A. Brooman. A cryptographic machine

Dated Oct. 27, 1859. and lowering boats and other vessels from one water or apparatus for carrying on secret correspondence. 2155. C. Stevens. A machine for scouring and level to another, applicable in inland navigation. (A communication.)

polishing floors and decks of ships. (A communicaDated Sept, 28, 1859.

2402. P. A. Godefroy. Improvements in the con. tion.)
2198. E. T. Simpson. Improvements in apparatus
struction of submarine cables,

2457. E. H. Rascol. A new implement for cleansing for condensing distilled fatty matters.

2403. F. Nivelle. Improvements in sewing ma- of the plates, dishes, and other table or kitchen chines.

utensils. (A communication.) Dated Oct. 6, 1959.

2404. J. Hodgson. Improvements in building 2459. R. M. Ordish. Improvements in railway 2274. E. O'Connell. Improvements in apparatus ships and vessels.

fastenings. for supplying liquid nourishment to infants, invalids, 2405. C. Hanson. Improvements in fire-arms and 2461. R. A. Brooman. Improvements in the preand others, and for warming or heating the same. ordnance.

paration of red colouring matters or dyes. (A com. Dated Oct. 21, 1859.

munication.) Dated Oct. 7, 1859.

2406. J. Musgrave. Certain improvements in 2288. J. Dixon. Improvements in apparatus for

2463. F. Cowan. An improvement in waistcoats steam-boilers.

and certain other articles of wearing apparel. supplying water to water-closets.

2107. J. H. Green. A composition for coating Dated Oct. 10, 1859.

metals and other substances for various purposes. NOTICES OF INTENTION TO PROCEED 2302. G. Davies. Improvements in the manufac2408. J. T. Pitman. An improved mode of con

WITII PATENTS. ture of paper, pasteboard, and cardboard. (A com. verting cast iron into soft malleable iron . without

(From the London Gazette, Nov. 8, 1859.) change of form. _(A communication.)

1528. J. Roberts. Filters.
Dated Oct. 13, 1859.
2410. G. T. Bousfield. Improvements in ap-

1533. G. and T. H. Wrigley. Self-acting mules. 2332. A. and J. Holden. Improvements in ma

paratus for steering vessels. (A communication.)
chinery used in washing, dyeing, sizeing, and drying
2411. T. S. Prideaux. Improvements in the con-

1543. G. Hall, jun. Reaping machines.

1545. W. and J. Wray. Reaping machines.
yarn and thread.
struction of ships and rafts.

1546. T. Wight. Cast metal pipes.
2334. W. Prosser. Improvements in apparatus
2412. W. Maltby. Improvements in refining oil.

1553. E. Francis. Packing grocery.
employed in the production of light.

Dated Oct. 22, 1859.

1558. L. Boigeol. Twisting fibres. 2338. W. Burgoss. Improvements in reaping and 2414. P. Jones. Improvements in machinery or 1579. R. W. Morville. Window sashes. (A commowing machines.

apparatus for suspending, carrying, and laying down munication.)

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munication.)

1589. H. C. and J. C. Howells. Registering the number of passengers.

1593. J. McIntosh. Driving belts.

1596. A. Beaulieu. Crinolines. (A communication.)

1607. L. Schwartzkopff and F. C. Philippson. Steam hammers.

1612. F. A. Le Mat. Ordnance. 1614. R. C. Rapier. Rolling plates.

1618. J. H. Johnson. Knitting franes. (A communication.)

1620. W. H. Dawes. Iron.
1622. F. A. Le Mat. Fire-arms.
1636. M. Henry. Overshoes. (il communication.)
1660. W. Cotton. Looped fabrics.
166 4. R. Mushet. Projectiles.
1605. R. Mushet. Metallic alloys.

1671. R. Mushet. Metallic alloy.
1 1707. Earl of Caithness. Perinancnt way.
1747. E. Hunt and I. D. Pochin. Resin.
2069. E. J. Mallett. Axles.
2152. R. Davidson. Holders for liquid or air.
2176. R. Kay. Textile fabrics.

2181. W. Airey and J. Clayton. Preparing for spinning.

2251. J. Thompson and J. Thompson, jun. Salt.

2263. W. E. Nowion. Fire-arms. (il coramunication.)

2314. A. V. Newton. Clarifying saccharine solutions. (A communication.)

2318. W. Day. Rotary steam-engine.
2323. T. Rothwell. Well-holes.
2313. G. Price. Locks.
2302. W. K. Hall. Wadiling. (A communication.)
2111. T. S. Prideaux. Ships and rafts.
2119. S. Beardınore. Eleetrie telegraphs.
2 Hl. E. S. Tobbutt. Elastic fabrics.
2015. J. Z. Kay. Gas meters.

The full titles of the patents in the above list can be ascertained by referring back to their numbers in the list of provisional protections previously published.

Opposition can be entered to the granting of a patent to any of the parties in the above list who have given notice of their intention to proceed, within twenty-one days from the date of the Gazette in which the notica appears, by leavin at the Commissioners' office particulars in writing of the objection to the application.

LIST OF SEALED PATENTS.

Sealed Not. 4, 1859. 1039. II. C. Hurry. 1190. J. Saxby. 1122. H. Turner.

1191. R. A. Brooman. 1131. H. Reynolds. 1205. J. T. Beale and 1132. R. A. Brooman. T. N. Kirkham. 1137. W. Kellingley. 1213. J. Chatterton,

1138. F. Angerstein, R. 1229. R. Romaine. Clegg,and G. Thorrington. 12 17. J. H. Johnson. 11.12. T. Jones.

1259. E. Pasquier. 1154. W. E. Gedge. 1289. D. S. Price. 1156. W. Jeffery. 1331. 0. Macys. 1163, A. Morton.

1358. W. H. Parkes and 116 b. E. T. Hughes. W. Bagnall. 1165. T. Green, jun. 1301. J. Wilson,

1100, W.Wilkinson and 13:30. R. Barclay. C. Whitley.

1107. M. J. Haines. 1170. M. Defries.

1501. C. Clarini. 1171. J. Norman.

1743. A. Siclebottom. 1172. R. Thomson. 1759. J. Wright. 1173. G. Bell,

1972. G. Collier. 1182. II. Clarke.

1990). E. Ellis, 1187. J. Leadbetter and 2031. JIGCollins. J. Rhodes.

2131. P. Fairbaira.

Sealed Nov. 8, 185). 1196. T. Scott.

1610. W. MacKean. 1200. R. Gourlay.

1615. II. Davies. 1207. J. M. Munro. 1915. W. A. Várel. 1208. M. Lenhv.

2080), J. Maeon. 1296. J. IIoward.

209. W. E. Newton. 1306. J. Draper.

2109. W. E. Newton. 1371. R. Chrimes.

2111. II. Jackson. 1569. N. Ardaseer.

(NOVEMBER 11, 1859. LIST OF SPECIFICATIONS, &C.,

ROAD3, Torcester.-For making the intended Dex mads

orer about seven acres of land at the top of Barbame. Published during the rook onling Vov. 4, 135). terrace, and laying down the culierts connected there.

with. Plans, &c., and conditions at the ofice of Mr.

Henry Dar,
No. Pr. No. Pr.

surveyor, Foregate-strect, Worcester. No. Pr. No. Pr. No. Pr. No. Pr.

Tenders to Nov. 12.

Roads, Waterhead to Festmoreland, Ambleside. - For d 3 d 8 d s d S d

the widening, improving, and diverting the road leading 7620 3 791 0 3 8010 10 9110 7 8211 832 0 10 from Waterhead to the south entrance of the town of 7660 3 7920 8020 6 8120 8220 6 8330 7 Ambleside. Plans, &c., the office of Mr. Webster, land 7730

793 0 3 8030 3 813 0 7 8:23 0 3 8340 surveyor, Rindal, who will meet intending contractors on 7920 3 7910 3 8010 3 8110 3 8241 0

8330 3 the ground at 10 a.m., on Wednesdar, Nov, 16, to point 7830 3 79507 803 1 O $150) 3 823 0 3 896 10 out the works and receive tenders, which must be la 734,0 3 796 0 3 8061

e 810.0 3 8260 3 S110 3 writing and under seal. The plan may be seen on appli-
787,0 3 797,0 9 807 1 1 8170 S 827 0 3 813 3 10 cation to Mr. Thomas Balderston, Ambleside.
785 0 10 795.0 C 8080

3
8150 5 8.250 3 815 7

SURVEY, Barnsley Union.--The guardians are desirous of 7890 10 799 0 3 8191 1 890 4 8210 3 8510 3

contracting with two gentlemen, not being partners, for a 730 0 10 800 0 7 810 1 5 8200 3 831 0 3

112w valuation (to be made in conformity with the

Parochial Assessment Act) of the whole of the hou NOTE.-Specitications will be forwarded by post from the

property, mills, manufactories, collieries, gas-Forks, Great Seal Patent Office (publishing department) on re.

water-works, railways, and canals, in the township of

Barnsley. And the guardians wish to contract with one ceipt of the amount of price and postage. Suns exceeding

valuer for a new valuation of the land in the raid to 55. must be remitted by Post Office Order, made payable at the Post Office, High Ilolborn, to Mr. Bennet Wood

ship. A recent survey has been made of the township, croft, Great Seal Patent Office.

and the map may be used so far as the same inar be upplicable and correct. Contractors may tender either br

commission, or for a fixed sum The township contains LIST OF MISCELLANEOUS TENDERS IN

abobt 2,200 acres of land, and 3,775 houses, warehoues, VITED, AND ENGAGEMENTS OPEN.

and other buildings. Tenders and testimonials to Mr.

John Tyas, Clerk to the Guardians, to Nov, 21. The tenders and vacancies which appear in this weekly list RAILWAY DRAUGIITSMEN.-For the Cape Town Ruilway are not repeated in succeeding numbers.

and Dock Company. One experienced in station work, BALLAST Ligurens and BARGES, Trinity House.-For the

and the other in wrought and cast-iron work, are rebuilding and repairing of the ballast lighters and barges

quired by this company to sail for the Cape by the mail belonging to the Trinity IIonse. The necessary printed

of the 6th December next. Applications, with copies of forms, and every particular, at the Ballast Office, Trinity

testimonials, and stating terms, to Mr. G. Latham House, where tenders, November 14.

Browne, managing director, 261 Gresham House, Old

Broad-street.
DREDGING MACHINE AND SCREW TIOPPER BARGES, Vere-
castle.-For the construction of a drzinginachine and

TRAVELLER TO WIRE DRAWER.-One acquainted with the three lopper barges for the Tyne Improvement Cominis

tradle, and of good address, will be liberally dealt with. sioners. Plans and specifications at the engineer's

When not engaged in travelling, his serviers will be re. offices, Tow! Lall-buildings, Newcastle-upon-Tyne.

quired in the counting-house. Applications personally Tenders addressed to the chairman of the commissioners,

or in writing, to Mr. John Caw, aceountint, Halilas; or on or before Dec. 13.

Messrs. Shackles and Sons, solicitors, Leeds. CORPORATION WATERWORKS, Bradforil.---The Waterworks

TRAVELLER FOR A PLATE GLASS MAX FACTORY. - State Committee of the Bracilord Corporation will meet at

where last emploved, and the terms required. Addres“, their offices in Bradford, on Tuesday, the 29th of Novem Box L., 20 Post-office, Manchester. bor, at 11 o'clock, a.m., for the purpose of receiving TIN-PLATE WORKERS.-Eight or ten first-class mcn. Contenders or proposals for the following works :-The stant employment and good wages to steally men. Apply excavating for building and completing of a portion of to Mr. T. Wright, Victoria Tin Worke, Sackville-street, the main aqueduct or conduit for conveying water to Manchester. the town of Bradford, commencing at Sandbed Beck, in Gas Works MANAGER.--A person to take the entire charge the township of Burnsall, and terminating at the south of the Morecarube Gas Works, near Lancaster. llis end of a certain tunnel now in course of construction duties will be to undertake the manufacture of gas, lay called Baden tunnel, in the township of Baden, with a down main and service pipes, and fixiny meters, and certain branch conduit in the township of Draughton, other matters appertaining to works of this description. such conduits being of the aggregate length (including He will have a house on the premises rent free, and the laying of certain iron pipes for supplying the village firing and gas. Applications with testimonials, and of Burnsall and about 675 yards of 21-inch pipes for stating terms, to Mr. William Whiteside, secretary to crossing the valley of the Baden Beck) of abont 7{ iniles. the above company. Plans and specifications, &c., of Mr. John W. Leather, EXPERIENCED HANDS.- To fix galvanized corrugated iron, civil engineer, Leeds.

sell-supporting, and other kinds of iron roofs. Address, R:FORMATORY, Dalby, near Doncaster.-For the works

with full particulars to previous engagements and nC25sary in the erection of the West Ridling Reformatory for Girls. Drawings, &c., to Mr. Jaughton, II yde Park,

references, M., 47 General Post-office, Liverpool. Doncaster. A large quantity of building materials on

Force MANAGER.--Application by letter, with full particu. the site will have to be taken by the contractor, and used

lars of qualifications, age, and expectations, to Mr. as far as applicable in the proposed buildings. Tenders

Roberts, care of_Messrs. llorn and Story, Grey-strect, to Nov. 29.

Newcastle-upon-Tyne.
SCUTCHING Rooy, Bolton.--For the crection of a scutching
room, a mixing place, and a warehouse at Belmont Mills.

PRICES CURRENT OF METALS.
Plans, &c., Mr James Lomax, surveyor, 8 Fold-street,
Bolton. No date given.

London, Nor. 11th, 1839.
IRON:

Dis
COALS, Nary. For 2,000 tons of South Wales coals

Rails in Wales and North

€ 3. d. £ . d. p.ct. monthly, to be delivered into store at Ier Majes y's of England

pr.top 600 to

6 5 0 tett Naval Yaril at Malta for six months from Ist December. Welsh Bars, in Wales

5 17 6

6 0 0 3 The commisssoners having the power to increase the Staf. Bers, at the Works

7 0 0

7 10 0 monthly proportion to be shipped after 1st January next

Iloops

8 0

$ 10 to any quantity not exceeding 1,000 tons in each month,

Sheets, Singles

8 10 0

900 Nail Rods

70 if required, on one montu's notice to the contractor.

7 106 Boiler Plates

8 10 0

9 Conditions of contract and form of tender may be seen at

0 0

Scotch lig. M.Nos. War. the office department of the Storekeeper General of the rants, at Glasgow

9 11 9 sett Navy, Somerset-place. Tenders must be addressed to Do. No 1, Good Brands

2 12 0 the Secretary of the Admiralty, and delivered at Somer

Spotch Bars..

800 3 set-plac, iccompanied by a letter signed by two respon

Swedish Bars, in London ..

11 10 0

11 15 0 sible persons, eagared to become bound with the person

COPER:
Sheet and Sheathing

0
tendering in the sum of £5,000. Tenders and attend-

0 12

0 0 0 3

Tough Cake and Tile...... pr. ton 107 10 0 @ 00 ance 15th inst. at 2 o'clock.

Best Selected

110 10 0 COAL, East India Company.-For the supply of 3,000 tons Australian

109 0 0 110 ) of coal for steam navigation, to be delivered into store South American

0 0 1010) Bom at Madras. Tenders, to 22nd November, or forms to be

Yellow Metal Sheathing

0 O 10
had at the Marine and Transport Department in the

STEEL:
Swedish Keg.....

pr. tou 19 0 0
India ofice, they must be left at the Secretariat office.

19 100 2) Faggot

0 0 21 10 Coal, India Baard.--To supply 3,000 tons of coal for TIN: steam navigation to be delivered at Bombay, or any of English, Block..

Pewt. 6 12 0

0 0 0 the under-mentioned sorts, viz. :- West Hartley, Long

Bar.....

6 13 0

0 0 0 ridge's West Hartley, Byat's Bedside West Hartley,

Foreign, Banca

0

6 17 0 sett

Straits
Ravensworth West Hartley, Joanassonn's Ilartley, Hast.

6 lo 0

6 13 0

TINPLATES:
ings' Hartley, Stewart's Wallsend Steam, Hartlepool

Charcoal, I.C.
pr.box 1 10 6

6 3 West Hartley, or Samucison's real old Gamber (Oak's Coke, IC.

0

1 6 0 colliery) Iard Steam Coal. Forms of tender to be had LEAD: at the Marine and Travsport Department in the India Pig, English

pr. ton 21 10 0 office, with conditions annexed. Tenders, before 11 Spanisha

0

Sheet forenoon, Nov. 15, at the Secretariat office.

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PATENTS ON WHICH THE THIRD YEAR'S STAMP

DUTY HAS BEEN PUID. 2576. S. Tearne and G. 2005. W. Seed and W. W. Richmond.

Ruiler. 2577. J. Nasmyth and 2017. R. A. Brooman. R. Wilson.

2025, L. J. V. Vuitton. 2585. II. Bessemer. 2:21. C. W. Siemens. 2593. W. Weild.

22 10 0

SPELTER:
Dust CONTRACTors, St. Giles, Camhermell.--For the pur On the spot...

20 17 6

2100 nett chase, collection, and removal, of all the ashes, cinders. For arcival

20 17 6 91 00 rubbishi, dust, breeze, refuse, tilth, soil, &c., in the

ZINC: several roads of tue above parisii, between Dec. 1, 1850,

English Sheet

97 0 0 and November 30, 1860. Separate tenders for each of

QUICKSILVER..

pr.bel.

7 0 0 the sis wards. The necessary druft, contract, and bond,

REMARKS.-Business in metals continues to be on a ver to be seen at the Vestry ('lerk's office, Vestry Hall, Cam

limited scale, and as a consequence the pried of all kinds burwell. Tenders at the ball, Nor.ll. Personal atten downward, yet without any important change to note. dince necesary; and the buccessful icnderer must de

LAWRIE AND HAGGER, Motal Broken pusit £5.

33 Loinbard-street, E.C.

2331. J. L. Clark. 2596. C. Titterton.

P.ITENTS ON WHICH THE SEVENTH YEAR'S

STANIP DUTY HAS BEEN PAID. 500. W. Petrie,

650, J. Wotherapoon. 631. E. Lord.

050. Earl of Dundonald. 010, A. L. Kuox.

083. J. J. Ziegler.

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cashiers, and ticket-sellers at railway stations. customers to these very Swiss for watches for MECHANICS MAGAZINE.

It is also contemplated to establish workshops our own use at home. Thousands of women in connexion with the school, where the girls are at this moment finding profitable employ

might be taught other trades—trades well ment at the most delicate portions of watchwork LONDON, FRIDAY, NOVEMBER 18, 1859.

suited to women, but now almost exclusively in throughout the district round Neufchatel.

the hands of men, such as printing and hair- The subdivision of labour is there wisely EDUCATED FEMALE LABOUR. dressing, for instance. As the means of the made so minute as to adjust itself precisely to It is far easier to sneer at the rights of society increased so would the number of work- the special capabilities of every woman's indiil woman ” than to show why the wrongs of shops and the variety of trades taught. No vidual dexterity. It is impossible to believe woman should not be redressed. We English- girl would be admitterl to either school or work- that the women of London will do badly what men, to whom “home” is the sweetest and shop who did not bear a good character ; nor, the Swiss women are now doing so well. Thoumost precious possession, are too much in the

on leaving, would she be recommended for sands of the women of London, now in dire dishabit of seeing in woman only the raw material employment till she had passed such examina- tress, have the power to equal and perhaps to for conversion into wives and mothers. We tions as proved her to be competent for it. outstrip their Swiss sisters in a rival race for an think of women as the attendants and helpers This is all most gratifying; and in pursuance of honourable and abundant means of subsistof men, and nothing more. Or if more, then the good work we would urge upon the pro

"I know the realization of my suggesonly when

moters of these movements the immense im- “tions to be within their reach, and I be“Man is the hunter; woman is his game;

portance of multiplying lady mechanics ! We lieve,” says Mr. Bennett, “there are few mon “The sleek and shining crcatures of the chase,

want all our men for our heavier trades, such "of any worth who will refuse to join me in “We hunt them for the beauty of their skins." as engineers, builders, shipwrights, blacksmiths, the wish that Heaven may grant that this But in all this we men are wrong-stupidly, and so forth-trades to which we can never put “desirable means of rescuing so many from blindly, heartlessly wrong. Doubtless the woman; and we may very well hand over our “their present misery may be speedily regreat and primary office of woman is that of lighter mechanical crafts to our poorer females.

“moved from the necessity of newspaper disbeing man's “heip-meet." But as doubtless it is, of course, simply disgraceful to see the “cussion.” this is not, cannot be, her only calling. To young women of our land forced by thousands We agree with Mr. Bennett; and if Viscount many a woman the hope of marriage never into vicious courses for mere want of employ- Raynham and his colleagues would do their conges; to many more the dream of wedded ment, while equal numbers of our young men work effectually, they should inquire closely life dissolves before its realisation is attained ; are draining away their manly qualities behind into this watchmaking question, which lies to others, scarcely have the bridal bells ceased drapers' counters, in hairdressers' rooms, and in ready to their hand. In their whole movement clashing ere the husband is tolled to his tomb ; scores of other occupations for which women we wish them the most perfect success. others put on with the weeds of widowhood the would display equal, if not greater, aptitude ; burden of providing for a numerous family; and although light mechanical trades are less THE MEASUREMENT OF WAVES. and so forth. On all sides we are surrounded obnoxious to man's manliness than such occu- The name of the late Dr. Scoresby has been by women whom God and Nature have cut off pations as those just mentioned, they may associated more prominently than that of any from man's immediate aid, and who by brain doubtless be entrusted to women with advan- other man with the subject of wave-breasureor hand must win, for themselves at least, their tage to both sexes.

ment. His estimates of the heights and daily bread,

There is one trade in particular for which breadths of Atlantic waves have entered into It would be rather late for us now to attempt woman is eminently adapted, which should not many important discussions of late years, and to show how few are the means by which be lost sight of in this discussion, viz., that of have formed the basis of serious arguments women thus circumstanced can at present the watchmaker. Mr. John Bennett, of Cheap- respecting the dimensions of large ships and obtain livelihoods. It is well known the one side, has very nobly advocated the introduction other great questions. The interest attached chief calling which is open to them--that of a of female labour into the watch-manufacture, to his observations on this subject does not governess-has gradually been so brought down at the expense of much personal odium ; and appear to have arisen from any extraordinary that we have come to consider it but little, if so effectually has he stated his case, that some aptitude on his part, or from the possession by any, superior to that of the humblest menial of those watchmakers who denounced his la- him of any special apparatuses for the purpose. service; and it is equally well known that bours in this matter, are prudently bringing up Any other intelligent person accustomed to scarcely any other outlet for female activity their own daughters to the business. Mr. estimating heights and distances by the eye, or has hitherto been deemed respectable. These Bennett tells us, not only that women are in by the aid of simple mechanical expedients, facts have lately been much considered by the all respects competent to make watches, but could have done all that Dr. Scoresby ever did, public, and many measures have been taken for that we British people are absolutely importing or ever pretended to do, in the way of obtainbringing about a better state of things. The large numbers of women-made watches every ing data respecting the dimensions of waves. latest movements are, first, the establishment year.

But, strange to say, of all the thousands of of “ registers of woman's work,” to be managed The Paris Exhibition must, he says, have clever mechanical men who sail the seas in purby committees of ladies, and in which may be opened the eyes of all but the wilfully blind to suance of their various avocations, only here registered the names of any ladies who wish to the startling fact, that quality, strength, and ele- and there one is found to bestow a little attenbecome candidates for remunerative employ- gance considered, the Swiss are nearly 40 per tion to this very interesting topic. With this ment in charitable institutions, as nurses in cent. under our prices. “ So striking was their fact before us we cannot but be grateful for the hospitals, matrons in workhouses, teachers or “superiority, except in our first-class watch," pains which Dr. Scoresby repeatedly took to superintendents in industrial schools-likewise he remarks," that I took my own eyes for a enlighten us, and especially for the ample infor those who desire to obtain situations as secre- "month through their principal manufacturing formation which he has afforded us in his taries, clerks, or bookkeepers, while other kinds “ districts. There I found causes in active journal of his voyage round the world in the of employment will in all probability gradually operation that explain the whole matter. Royal Charter, to which we drew attention in suggest themselves in accordance with the “From three leading manufacturers I learnt our last number. needs of society; and, secondly, the establish- “that 1,500,000 were made last year in the It may be of some interest to describe the ment of a society for promoting the employ- “Neufchatel district, and this over and above methods adopted by him on that occasion for ment of women. The committee includes “the produce of the Geneva district. They obtaining scales of measurement for the height, several ladies of title ; Viscount Raynham, declare, too, that their powers of production | distance of the undulations, and velocity of the M.P., is the treasurer. A statement has been “have doubled in the last seven years. The waves. They were, in the main, similar to published in which various objections to the " marvellous ingenuity of their tools and their | those which he adopted in his inquiries on the employment of women are answered. It "skilful economy of labour fully confirm this waves of the Atlantic, the results of which appears also from this statement that it is the statement." So prosperous has been the were communicated to the British Association intention of the society to establish a large | handicraft of these intelligent mountaineers, at its meeting in Edinburgh, in 1850. In writing school for girls and young women, where they that thousands of men and women engaged in of the great gale which overtook the ship on her may be specially trained to wait in shops, hy | the trade people all the hills and valleys far voyage to Australia in April, 1856, he says: As þeing thoroughly well instructed in accounts, and wide, from the Val de St. Imier, in Berne, in “the ship was scudding directly before the gale, bookkeeping, &c. ; be taught to fold and tie up the North, down below St.Croix, looking overthe and was astonishingly steady and upright for parcels, and perform many other little acts Lake of Geneva. Compare the thousands there, “considerable intervals of time; and as, notwhich a retired shopwoman could teach them. from north to south, with our manufacturers. " withstanding her great length, she found an The necessity of politeness towards customers, Within the London district, including every "ample extent for being evenly cradled, as to and a constant self-command, will also be duly dealer who professes and calls himself a watch-her general bearings of flotation betwixt wave impressed upon them. Girls educated in this maker, we had in 1851 but 4,800 in the trade." and wave, it was easy to find a scale, as I did, school would be capable of becoming clerks, / And what is the result? That we have become " by ascending the mizen rigging, by which the

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