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WEIGHT OF A CUBIC FOOT OF

cattle and implements. The corporation of the City of London would doubtless like the shows to

CAPTAIN TOOVEY'S AZIMUTH DIAL. be held in Smithfield itself; others, again, would locate them at Islington; some at the Crystal Palace, and some at Kensington. The general impression seems to be in favour of a movement westward, but we fear" many objections will be made to the desecration of Kensington. How far ample space, good air and light, and, moreover, aristocratic “surroundings” might tend to improve the cattle show, we do not know, but unless about nine-tenths of the dirt and confusion at present experienced could be prevented, Kensington will be up in arms at the thought of bringing the Christmas shows there. There can be little doubt, however, that room exists for a suitable building which might answer for all sorts of flower, fruit, and poultry shows, as well as for a winter garden and the cattle shows, and no place seems better than Kensington for most, if not for all, of these purposes.

With care and good management we think a cattle show would be endurable at Kensington, but care and good management would be absolutely necessary in order to make it so, and it will be well worth the committee's while, should they think of this site, to lay down their plans somewhat in detail in order to avoid needless opposition. The same building might also serve the purpose of the proposed exhibition of 1862, and any that may succeed it. It might also form an admirable place for rifle practice, and the annual gatherings contemplated by the Association for Promoting Rifle Corps, at CAPTAIN SMALLMAN Toover, of the mercantile the compass in the binnacle differs from the read. which the promoters appear to hope as much as

marine-a gentleman who has had considerable ing on the outer disc, the difference is the devja. £10,000 a-year will be distributed in prizes.

experience in charge of iron ships, and well under- tion of the coinpass on that point. In the same stands the necessity of testing the compasses of manner the error of the compass may be deter.

such vessels with all possible frequency and care mined for any number of points. It can also be ON THE WEIGHT AND STRENGTH OF has introduced a valuable instrument for facilitat- used to determine the error of the compass from AMERICAN SHIP-TIMBER.

ing this operation. The accompanying engraving the bearing of any distant object the correct By Doxald McKay, Ship-builder, of Boston, U.S. represents the improved instrument, which has position of which is known.

already been employed on several voyages with
the greatest satisfaction, and is now supplied to

POOLE'S PARALLEL-MOTION SAFETY
Virginia White Oak. Virginia Yell. Pine. the navy by Messrs. Imray, Son, & Co. of the
Minories. It is manufactured in cheap as well as

VALVE.
Round. Square. Round. Square.

high-priced' forms, in order that no captain may AFTER the meeting of the Institution of Civil

have difficulty in obtaining it. The origin and Engineers, Nov., 22, Mr. John Poole exhibited After felling...

nature of the instrument are as follows:-It and explained a “Parallel-Motion Safety Valve." occurred to Captain Toovey that it would be more It was pointed out that the ordinary valve

convenient, when determining the error of the simply rested on its face or seat; its vertical or Each of the above numbers are the mean of experi- compass by the use of the dumb.card, if both the upward motion being guided by a spindle on the ments on twelve different pieces of timber cut from amount of error and its direction, i. e. the course lower side passing through a box or feathers in different trees, and the experiments were made by by ship’s head and the true course, were shown the steam pipe. The area of the discharge pipe Mr. Farris, Timber Inspector of Gosport Navy-yard. on the same card: he was thus led to adopt a

was thus reduced one-third, and in some cases as modification of the dumb-card, which he calls the much as one-half. This valve was pressed upon WEIGHT OF A CUBIO POOT OF LIVE OAK, ACCORDING

Azimuth Dial. The instrument consists of a by a weighted lever, moving on a hinge or centre Green........... 78-69 lbs. | Seasoned......... 66.75 lbs.

double disc of metal (sometimes silvered), swing on one side. When in a state of rest, the lever This timber is exclusively used for the frames of the to be always horizontal, whatever may be the list angles to each other ; but as soon as the valve

ing freely on a tripod, and is of sufficient weight and the centre of the spindle were at right United States' men-of-war ships, and is considered by of the ship. The outer rim of the disc is graduated rose the angle became more acute. This

brought all nayal men to be almost imperishable.

to the points (or degrees) of the compass, and an unequal load upon the valve, and caused fricTENSILE STRENGTH OF AMERICAN WHITE OAK AND turning on the same centre is a second disc tion, inducing a tendency in the spindle to twist

similarly graduated. There is a small pointer for and on the valve to jam or stick. The guide (From "Appleton's Dictionary of Mechanics.")

indicating the direction of the ship's head : and it spindle, being below the valve face, was also

lbs. English Oak

8820 to 10,224

is also fitted with a style for obtaining the sun's liable to be corroded by foul or dirty water, and 11,501 shadow, but this can be removed, and the ordinary to unequal contraction and expansion. It was

telescope and sight-vane applied in the usual mode likewise found that these valves, when out of

of taking an azimuth of an object. The instru- order, invariably leaked on the side nearest the (PER ONE SQUARE INCH) OF ENGLISH OAK AND

ment is used thus :-By the use of Godfray's time hinge of the lever. (According to Various Observers.)

azimuth chart, the true bearing of a celestial In the “ Parallel-Motion Safety Valve” the Extracted from a Table published in Vol. V. of the object can be determined at any moment, when its spindle was on the upper side, the seat or face Professional Papers of the Royal Engineers.

meridian distance is more than two hours and less was flat, and the discharge pipe was free of intethan six hours. Thus, within those intervals, the rior incumbrances, so that less leverage and

points of the true horizon are known for any given weight were necessary. The spindle passed English Oak.

instant. Having placed the azimuth dial in a through a guide above, and to the centre of the Sp.gr. strgh. Sp.gr./Strgh. sp.gr. Strgh. convenient part of the ship for making an obser- spindle, on which the valve was hinged, the paral

vation, fix the instrument so that the pointer may lel motion was attached. It was shown, by a seclb. Licut Nelson ......

be on the line of the keel and towards the ship's tional model, that the radial action of the lever Mr. Moore

head ; set the inner and outer graduated disc so did not control the vertical action of the valve, Mr. Barlow.

that their difference may show the amount of which therefore could not stick or jam in its seat. Lieut. Dennison ..

variation as known at the place, such that the Mean results ... 829 inner disc may indicate the true and the

LIST OF NEW BOOKS. outer disc the magnetic horizon, then turn Bohn's Scientific Library, Morphy's Games of Chess, át, lightness, combined with strength, is entirely on the the style on the inner disc coincides with the Dougall's The Rifle Simplified, 1s. According

1 Year after.. 4 Years after

lbs. 64.74 53.60 45.97

lbs. 67.20 53.51 49.89

lbs. 47.81 39.83 34.28

lbs. 39.21 34.16 33.49

TO GRIPFITI.

ENGLISH OAK PER ONE SQUARE INCH.

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to these experiments, the advantage of the dial on its axis until the shadow from Comstock's Manual of Natural Philosopby, edited by Hobside of American White Oak.

sun's true bearing at the time as given by God Hunt's Yachting Magazine, Vol. 8, 14s. • The Virginia Pitch Pine is called in America “ Yellow fray's chart; the pointer will then

also show the Lund's Geometrical Exercises, with Solutions, 38. fed. Pine.” The Florida Yellow Pine is called the "Long-leaf magnetic position of the ship’s head on the outer Lunn's, of Motion : an Elementary Treatise, 78. 6d. Yellow Pine," and weighs about 41 lbs. per cubic foot. graduated disc and the true on the inner disc. If | Progressive Drawing Book, 2 Parts, is.

1694

1160

1862

SOCIETY OF ARTS.

mous price of provisions, there would be abundant could navigate all the rivers, thus affording access Proceedings of Societies.

work for those who were quitting the country to the anriferous regions. He was glad to see Dry diggings have yet to be found, which would young officers of the Navy employed in examining

be done when men possessed energy enough to those distant regions of the British Empire. December 7th, 1839. — The fourth ordinary prospect the country. But while provisions held meeting of this session was held, J. Bennet Lawes, such an enormous price, there could be no hope MEETINGS FOR THE ENSUING WEER. Esq, F.R S., in the chair. Several candidates were

that any active exertions could be made. The balloted for and duly elected members. The paper Chief Justice Begbie, in his communication, ob

Mox.-London Inst., “ On the Radiation and Absorption

of Hcat,” by Prof. John 'Tyndall, F.R.S., at 7 pm. read was “On the Forces used in Agriculture,” by serves that two chiefs, said to be of extensive Wed.-Society of Arts, "On Starches; the Purpo-es for J. C. Morton, a lengthy notice of which appears authority, paid him a visit while at Cayoosh, and which they are Employed, and the Improvements on another page.

in their Manufacture," by Mr. F. Crace Caivert, complained of the conduct of the citizens of the

F.R.S., at 8 p.m.
United States in preventing them from mining, in
ROYAL GEOGRAPHICAL SOCIETY.

London Inst., Soiree. destroying and carrying away their root crops Tw.- Royal Society, at 8 p.m. A nmnerously attended meeting of this society without compensation, and in laying wholly upon Fri.- London Inst., “On Certain Principles of Vegetable was held on Monday evening, at Burlington-house, the Indians many depredations on cattle and and Animal Chemistry,” by F. A. Malone, Esq., Sir Roderick I. Murchison, Vice-President, in the horses, which, these Indians informed him were,

F.C.S., at 7 p.m. Chair. Captain II. Godfrey-Austen, the Hon. and in part at least, committed by Boston men.

On Rev. F. s. Grimston, F. W. Davis, M.D., R.N., the other hand, there were many cases of cattle GRAVELEY'S PATENT IMPROVED DISH. Harwood Harwood; W. H. Purdon, and Francis stealing alleged by the whites of all nations Tagart, Esqs., were presented upon their election, against the Indians, and stealing of anything that

TILLING AND COOKING APPARATUSES. Captain G. Augustus Bedford. R.N., Rear-Admiral could by possibility be eaten. "The cattle which DISTILLING and cooking apparatuses for use on Sir H. Byam Martin, K.C.B., Henry Ancell

the Indians stole they did not attempt to sell or board ship'are now so universally in request that Exlward Butler, Edmund Calvert, William C. Hood, make use of otherwise than as food; and it was their manufacture has become a matter of much M.D., Henry Raikes, M.A., Edward Smith, W. admitted on all hands that puany hundreds of importance to shipowners. We are anxious, thereCastle Smith, Richard Todd, and James Watson, Indians had died of absolute starvation during fore, to place before our readers a set of apparaEsquires, were elected Fellows. Sir Andrew the winter. The Indians said that the salmon had tuses recently devised by Mr. Graveley, of the Agnew, Bart., M.P., Captain Claude Clerk, the failed thein now for three years together. The well known firm of Winchester and Co., Upper llon. W. H. Forester Denison, Captain J. Hamilton whites alleged what was obvious to everybody-East Sinithfield, manufacturers of ship fire-hearths, Ward, R.N., Edward Enfield, H. Hamilton that the Indians were extremely averse to work, &c., for the marine of this and other countries. Lindsay, Charles Otter, and J. Petherick, Vice except under the pressure of immediate hunger, Mr. Graveley and the firm mentioned have had the Consul at Khartum, Esquires. were proposed as and that they were so improvident as rarely to advantage of very great experience in connection candidates for election. The MS, trigonometrical look beyond the wants of the day, or to provide with this subject, and have introduced apparatuses survey of Kashmir, by Captain T. G. Montgomerie, for the winter. The Chief Justice expresses an for distilling and cooking which certainly are not FR.G.S., under the direction of Lieutenant. opinion that this was more true of the savages surpassed, to say the least, by any others. Those Colonel A. Scott Waugh, F.R G.S., Surveyor- who had never been brought into contact with supplied by them for the Great Eastern, the General of India; sketches illustrative of Hima

civilisation than of those who had had even such | General Admiral (Russian frigate), and other im. layan scenery, by Captain Austen and Mr. Purdon ;

a little acquaintance with the whites. He found portant vessels, many of thein men-of war, are Numerous sketches of scenery in British Columbia, almost everywhere Indians willing to labour hard among the best examples of this class of articles including San Juan Island, &c., by Mr. Bedwell, for hire, and bargaining acutely for wages, and to be found on shipboard. R.N. ; a map of the Fraser River, by Captain G. H. perfectly acquainted with gold dust and the Their latest improvements, which we now proRichard, R.N., F.R.G.S., Her Majesty's Ship Plum-minute weighis for measuring one and two dollars pose to illustrate and describe, have done a very per; a plan of the Tien-tsin-lo, showing the Chinese

with. These circumstances were inconsistent great deal towards perfecting apparatuses for defences, by Major Fisher, R.E.; and a model of with an utter heedlessness for next day's provi- distilling and cooking on board ship, leaving little the largest gold nugget hitherto found, from sions; for in all cases it was necessary to find to be desired in respect of either efficiency, Ballarat, by Professor Tennant, F.R.G.S., were

these Indians in provisions as well as wages. The economy, or compactness. The first apparatus exhibited to the meeting.

amount of wages for carrying burdens was 89. per which we shall describe consists of a furnace with The papers read were:

day, and provisions everywhere showed a high the ordinary appliances for cooking, roasting, and 1. On the trigonometrical survey and physical rate of profit as the wages of labour in British baking, and of one or two steam boilers arranged configuration of the valley of Kashmir, by Mr. Columbia. If this was the average remuneration and acting as hereafter described. The same fuel William Purdon, F.R.G.S., executive engineer, of the most unskilled labour, what would not and furnace perform all the operations. One boiler Punjab ; communicated by Sir Charles Wood, skilled labour supported by capital earn ? It was is similar to an ordinary tubular boiler; the patenF.R.G.S., India Office.

the uniform practice of those keepers to entrust tee divides the steam chest or dome into two comPrior to commencing the above paper, the these Indians with their goods, generally 100 lbs. partments by a partially perforated plate to preChairman. read a letter from Lord Canning, en of flour, beans, or pork, and provisions for their vent any undue pressure of steam coming too sudpressing his approbation of the map of Kasbinir, own subsistence. Thefts were said to be unknown, denly in contact with the steam-pipe leading from and alluding to the peculiar difficulties against and great care taken of their burdens. The in- the dome. Inside the lower compartment he which the officers of the survey had to contend, dividuals who worked were found extremely places a small dome perforated to a given height not only from the nature of the country itself but fleshy and healthy. His impression of the Indian up the sides. Inside this small dome is a globular froin the disposition of the inhabitants who were population was, that they had far more natural valve provided with a proper seating, into which at that time strongly opposed to the British rule, intelligence, honesty, and good manners than the seating a pipe opens. This pipe is intended to: and the men employed under the engineer officers lowest classes, such as the agricultural and min-carry off any salt water that may arise with the were sepoys belonging to one of the regiments that ing population, of any European country he had steam; the globular valve is enclosed to ensure its had been first to revolt. Owing, however, to the ever visited, England included. At Cayoosh he not being held down on its seat by the pressure of skilful management and courageous conduct of tried to cause a grand jury to be summoned to the steain in the chest. Captain Montgomerie, the men had been retained present all these matters formally to bim. But He encases the above-named steam-boiler in in obedience and confirmed in their loyalty. The there were not twelve British subjects there. The an air tube to prevent loss of heat by radiation, map which was the result of the survey was Chief Justice says the chief points which struck and outside of the air tube is fixed another boiler exhibited, and appeared to illustrate the descrip- him were, first, the ready submission of a foreign containing a quantity of tubes in connection with tion of the valley of Kashmir given Mr. Purdon's population to the declaration of the will of the steam-pipes from the chest of the internal boiler paper. The paper gave rise to a discussion, in executive, when expressed clearly and discreetly, for the purpose of boiling sea water. Atmos. which Colonel Everest, the former Surveyor. however contrary to their wishes; secondly, the pheric air is admitted to a rate and mix with the General of India, Captain Austen, of the staff of great preponderance of the California, or Califor steam from the first steam-chest after the same the Great Trigonometrical Survey, and others, nicised element of the population, and the paucity has entered the tubes in the second boiler, and took part.

of British subjects ; thirdly, the great riches, both force or drive in the air by a jet of steam. On the 2. British Columbia. Journeys in the Districts auriferous and agricultural, of the country ; second boiler is another steam chest or dome bordering on the Fraser, Thompson, and Harrison fourthly, the great want of some fixity of tenure divided into two compartinents and fitted with a Rivers. By Lieutenants Mayne, P.N., and Palmer, for agricultural purposes; and, fifthly, the absence globular valve as in the dome tirst mentioned. A R.E., and Chief Justice M. Begbie. Communi- of all means of communication, except by foaming steam-pipe leads from the top of this dome, and au cated by the Duke of Newcastle, Colonial Office. torrents in canoes, or over goat tracks on foot, orifice is made in the side of the dome for the ad.

- Lieutenant Mayne's report contains much in which rendered all the productions of the country, mission of atmospheric air, and introduces a jet of teresting topographical information. It describes except such as, like gold, could be carried with steam from the first-named steam-chest to draw the character of the soil, the vegetation, and great care in small weight and compass, practically the air in. The steam.pipe from the last-named productions of the districts traversed, and points valueless.

dome leads to a small cistern or box containing out the courses of the rivers and the general geo. The Chairman, in proposing the thanks of the fresh water, in which the steam from both the graphical features of the country. Lieutenant Society to Ilis Grace the Duke of Newcastle for boilers is first received and becomes condensed. Palmer, in his paper, remarks that every miner sending the papers, and also to those gentlemen The water from this box then passes through a admitted the existence of gold in the Upper who had prepared them, saià that he was much condenser and filter in connection with it, and is Fraser River ; and but for the scarcity and enor struck with the fact that vessels of large tonnage I discharged from the filter in the state of pure

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aërated fresh water. On the outer case a pump- | tubular boiler, which is surrounded by an air tube / in communication with a refrigerator g, which is ing engine is fixed for the purpose of keeping a or by a thick packing or felt I as shown ; K' is surrounded by cold water. The condensed steau constant supply of cold sea water to the condenser, another boiler which surrounds or encases the felt circulates through the pipes of the refrigerator and for feeding warm salt water from the conden- and tubular boiler K. M is a dome or steam-chest, and finally enters a filter, from which it is drawn ser to the boilers. The pumping engine is worked which is fitted to the boiler K and receives the off pure water by a pipe furnished with a tap. by steam from the steam-chest first described. steam generated therein through a pipe L. I is Atmospheric air is drawn into the dome M" for A pipe is connected to the outer boiler, rising to a perforated plate placed near the upper part of the pui pose of aërating the water through another the water line to allow of a constant discharge of the dome; J is a steam-pipe for the passage of pipe, but which enters the side of the said dome. brine to prevent incrustation. The flues after steam to drive the engine Ñ, which is fixed on the Ajet of steam is admitted into this pipe in a leaving the boiler tubes pass round or against upper part of the whole apparatus and is intended downward direction through a pipe leading from an oven, in order to utilise the heat which would to keep up a constant supply of sea water to the the dome M, for the purpose of creating a draught otherwise be lost.

boilers K and K' and to the condenser. Mis of the air. The products of combustion after Fig. 1 of the accompanying engravings is an another and smaller dome placed in the interior passing through the flues of the tubular boiler isometrical perspective view, partly in section, of and at the lower part of the larger one. It is per- pass off to the chimney; i is a brine cock for an apparatus for cooking, roasting, and baking, forated at its lower part at a à, through which discharging water from the boiler. and for purifying and aërating sea water, con- perforations steam and any salt water that may A modification of the apparatus last described structed according to this invention. This appa- rise with it enter the small dome M'; 6 is a glo- ) is illustrated in the isometrical perspective enratus is a very convenient one for transport to bular valve, into the seating of which a pipe c graving Fig. 2, in which a single boiler only is foreign parts as a land apparatus, occasioning no enters which curries off the salt water just men- used, and the arrangement of the parts is altered ; trouble when at its destination, because it is tioned to the boiler K". M" is another dome or the method of action, however, in order to obtain packed for transport without being taken to steam chest similar to that just described, it also pure aërated fresh water from sea water, is in both pieces or interfered with in any way. It may contains a perforated plate Ï', an internal dome P cases the same. Fig. 3 is a longitudinal section even be mounted on wheels and drawn, if which is perforated as before, and globular valve of the same, and Fig. 4 is an end view; E is the required, from place to place. E is the fire. b; e is a pipe fitted to the upper part of the fireplace; É' E' are the furnaces ; F is the furnace place, E are the furnace bars, F is the fur- dome M', through which steam passes to be con door ; G is a hot-plate for stewing; 11 Hare nace door, G is the ashpit. K is an ordinary densed. This pipe e leads into a water cistern f | guard-rails fitted round the hot plate. Bars or

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TO THE EDITORS OF THE

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and passes

matter.

rails are fitted to the guard which are intended to annual trade transactions between that island and

THE CORT TESTIMONIAL FUND. support saucepans or other cooking utensils, the mainland are stated by the Launceston papers

MECHANICS' WAGAZUSE," and to prevent them from rolling off to be now represented by a sum amounting to

Manchester, 14th December, 1873. JJ are steamers of the ordinary more than £1,000,000 sterling, and, as the mar. construction fitted or placed at the top of the kets of the one colony are entirely regulated by article in your Magazine complaining in litter

GENTLEMEN, I have read with surprise an apparatus; K is a boiler the water in which is those of the others, it cannot be otherwise than a heated by the products of combustion passing matter of deep importance that a close intercoin

terms of the conduct of the Cort Testimonial through flues I L. M is a dome at the upper part munication should exist between them. One

Fund Committee. The aspect of the case as preof which a safety valve is fitted, and which has a chief source of risk and expense said to be con

sented by you is calculated seriously to prejudice tube placed inside the dome andextending to nearly nected with tbis line is, that it has been laid in the interests of the Cort family, inasipuch as it re. the top thereof. The steam which is generated in four separate sections—first from the north side flects discredit upon a nuinber of gentlemen who the boiler passes up this tube and decends between of the King's Island to Cape Otway on the Aus

met only five weeks since, and, actnated by the the tube and the dome M, surrounding the cooking tralian coast, then in the opposite direction from

utmost sympathy for the family, resolved upon a boilers 0 0 (as indicated by the arrows). The King's Island to Hummock's Island, thence to

course which, to the best of their judgment and fiues L L are in communication with a smoke box Circular Head on the north coast of Tasmania, and knowledge of the case, was most likely to seenre P, through which the products of combustion pass from that point along the coast to the entrance

the end they wished to attain. They proved their to the vertical tubes Q Q which surround the of the Tamar, where it joins the land line to liberality by subscribing £260, of which £30 waz baking ovens shown in Fig. 4. C is a division Launceston and Hobart Town. From this arrange given to Mr. Cort; and to a man in needy ciroom

stances this could not be, nor ought to have been, plate and damper, and I' is a chimney. V is a ment the shore-ends of the cable are numerous, hot closet heated by the products of combustion as and all of them are said to be considerably exposed

a sum received with ingratitude. The committe they pass from the flues L to the tubes Q Q. V" is to injury from the nature of the places at which the passed the resolution quoted by you, which it is a gauge to indicate the height of the water in the landings have been made. Under those circum- my duty to see carried out, and beyond that reso. boiler. W is a hand pump shown in Fig. 2 by stances it is being urged upon the Governments of lution it is impossible to go without another meetwhich salt water is forced into the boiler; or instead Victoria and Tasmania that they should at once ing being held to rescind it. So far, about 1530 of a hand pump a donkey engine may be employed. incur the additional expense of procuring from have been subscribed, and it was hoped that £200 Steam is led through a pipe from the boiler Kk to England sufficient surplus cable to make good would soon have been obtained; which sum ina refrigerator or condenser pluced at or near the any injury which either of the four sections may vested in annuities, (after placing the family in lower part of the apparatus. A cock is fitted to the sustain ; and this, we think, is a very reasonable circumstances free from debt,) would have been a upper part of the steam pipe, which regulates the suggestion, seeing how many chances of accident comfortable yearly income to the recipients. No pressure or quantity of steam allowed to circulate the line is exposed to.-- Australian Mail.

public movement, as you are aware, can be carried round the cooking boilers. The condensed steam

through without affording reasonable time fut after entering the refrigerator traverses the pipes

working it, and that is all the committee require HADLOW'S LINEN MARKER.

in this case. Y Y, enters a compartment Y', from

A few weeks more, and the committhence to other pipes Y" Y", after traversing The marking of linen is an operation which is tee hope to conclude their honorary labours, if which it enters a filter 2 which is provided with often performed badly, and often neglected alto. their appeal be but promptly responded to. Allow partitions Z Z', so arranged that the water may gether for want of a convenient mode of execnting me to beg you will not again by injudicious statepass through an extended surface of the filtering it neatly and easily. Observing this, Mr. F. V. ments damp the generous ardour of those who inedium. A pipe is provided by which pure fresh Hadlow, of Prince Albert-street, Brighton, has have taken up this case, much less attempt to water is drawn off. The space round the refrigerat- contrived and obtained a patent for a simple question the justice or benevolence of such men as ing tubes is filled with cold salt water, and the little arrangement of apparatns hy aid of which those who at once and so nobly responded to the partition that divides the water in the boiler from we may henceforth get rid of all difficulty in the claims of genius, or age and infirmity. I am, &c.

DAVID MOBRIS. that round the refrigerator is composed of felt encased in iron, which prevents any heat passing

It is a neat combination of a relief engraved [We must take the liberty of telling Nr. from one compartirent to the other. A pipe is box-wood stamp, bearing the name, &c., to be Morris that we esteem the above both a very provided for the admission of atmospheric air to placed upon the linen with a supply of Bond's foolish and a very impertinent letter-espethe condenser. A small pipe le

from the marking ink, the whole being contained in a small cially the last part of it. What have we paid boiler K enters the air pipe, down which it extends This case (of birch-wood) is turned in three to “ damp the generous ardour of those who have a short distance in order to create a dranght for pieces, screwing together for opening and closing taken up this case," or to “ question the justice ve the air down the pipe W. a is a feed cock to the The central portion contains a very small bottle of benevolence of such men.” &c. ? Did we not es. boiler and a waste water cock from the condenser, Huid marking ink and the engraved marker, just pressly say, that the whole thing to which we v is a discharge air pipe, c is a tap by which hot large enough to hold firmly between the thumb and objected was "doubtless an oversight," and that distilled water is drawn off. d d are mud holes, f is fingers. The top division, in the form of a deep we gave Mr. Fairbairn“ ample credit for meaning a brine cock by which the brine can be constantly down upon this, whilst the base screws on to the Morris-who is but a novice in reference to the

with an ornamental moulding, screws and purposing well ?” We would intorm Ir. withdrawn, and incrustation of the boiler thereby bottom of the central piece, and serves as the reto a great extent prevented.

Cort case—that by several years of well-considered We have taken pains to inquire into the work. ceptacle for an india-rubber disc, with a black advocacy of this case we have earned the right to ing of these apparat uses as designed by Mr. cloth discover it. On the base or lower face of offer a suggestion, and even to administer 1 Graveley and manufactured by Messrs. Winchester the central piece there is attached a code of direc- rebuke, when other friends of the cause are conand Co., and we find they have given great satis. tions for use, so as to be ever at hand, and most conve mitting great and palpable errors. We wouli faction to owners. They are cheaply inade, easy niently accessible. All that is necessary is to spread tinrther tell him, and our readers also (altica zł to work, and will run for several voyages without india-rubber base, press the face of the marker old and tried friends of the Cort family, and «**

a drop of ink upon the cloth disc resting upon its the latter will have foreseen it) that some of the requiring any repairs worth mentioning. While, therefore, costly and uncertain apparatuses are

upon it, and then apply it to the linen to be members of the committee even, are as much constantly being forced upon the notice of ship- marked. When warmed subsequently by an iron astonished as ourselves at the strange resolutions owners, we cannot fail to bring the merits of the impression comes out clear, blnck, and inde passed at the late Manchester meeting of the these more economical and efficient ones to their lible. The same apparatus answers for paper and comunittee, and are wondering why the family are attention.

other surfaces. If little ink is used, the markings not instantly relieved from their liabilities. We

are very sharp—quite different to the blurred have nothing to add to, and nothing to take from, THE TASMANIAN SUBMARINE CABLE.

hieroglyphics usually met with.

The arrange

our last week's reinarlts on the management of the ment is so convenient and effective, that all who committee. We will only, therefore, add that the The first submarine electric cable of any conside. have frequent necessity for marking numes, num. past history of the Cort case bas demonstrated the rable length in this part of the world has now bers, or addresses, must find it extremely useful. been successfully laid and opened for public use.

strong necessity there is for looking after the

money contributed for the benefit of the family; The 120 miles of Bass's Straits is thus annihilated, so far as the communication of intelligence is con

The Duncan, 101 guns, has been launched at Ports. and no anger of Mr. Morris's will prevent as cerned, and the islnnd of Tasmania is for many to be immediately laid down under the shed vaated perly administered, or that those (if any) who may

mouth. A 51.gun frigate, to be named the Dryol, is from seeing either that the present fund is proimportant purposes as closely united to the main by the Duncan.

attempt to misapply it sball have their proland of Australia as though no sea rolled between them. This, it will be admitted, is a work of has ordered the systematie gathering of seaweed from to us again on this question, he must amend bis

Paris papers state that the French Government ceedlings brought to light. If Mr. Morris mites some magnitude for these colonies, and is credit the rocks of Normandy and Brittany, to serve as tone, or we shall feel bound to enter with greater able to the enterprise of Victoria and Tasmania, wadding for artillery, for wluch purpose it serves admi. minuteness than before into the proceedings that who have themselves found the whole of the funds, rably.

have taken and are taking place in connection for the undertaking. In this case the object to be Among new inventions attracting notice is one

with the Manchester Fund. All we ask is, that gained is worth even some annual expenditnre in called the Patent Adamas: a silicious composition, the money subscribed shall be applied to its excess of returns, if the line cannot be maintained alleged to be free from liability to corrosion or oxydawithout it; for their can be no question that to said to be in a course of trial by some of the gis eom. tion or destruction from heat or acids, and which is legitimate object without delay, and we do no:

believe the committee desire to keep it locked up Tasmania the advantage of'instant communication panies as a material for burners

, which will save them from the poor and extremely aged people. with these colonies must be very great. The the expense of constant renewals.

Eds. M.M.].

case.

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