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the core or interior die in a bent or zig-zag form, and (holus) well ground together in water, aad dried. water acidulated with sulphuric acid, and the excess so that the clay or plastic brick earth in place of When the colour is dry, a solution of tragacanth gum of acids subsequently saturated by an alkali. Some being cut radially is divided in an inclined direction, is added to it, and the whole kneaded to a paste, of dark matters will be precipitated, and after filtration by which a lap joint is formed in the clay. Patent which the pencils are formed by means of a cylinder a crystallized block of sulphate of quinine will be obcompleted.

or press. The pencils are then again well dried or tained by cooling, which block may be purified as 1098. J. CHILDS. “ Improvements in the manu. hardened, and dipped in a hot solution of stearine usual. Patent completed. facture of night-light cases." Dated May 2, 1859. spermaceti and cocoa-nut oil; after about an hour the 1108. W. SELLERS. “ Improvements in couplings

This consists in wrapping or forming the cylinders pendls are takea out, and washed in oil of turpentine. for shafting.” (Partly a communication.) Dated of paper or wood on to the bottoms of plaster, cement, Patent abandoned.

May 3, 1859. or other material, thus forming the upper parts on the 1105. W. Johnson. "Improvements in the manu. This coupling consists of an external sleeve into the bottoms. Patent completed.

facture or production of mineral oil and grease." opposite ends of which are fitted two other sleeves in 1099. W. Gossage." Improvements in the manu. (A communication.) Dated May 3, 1859.

the forms of frustrums of cones, the apex of the cones facture and useful application of certain alkaline This relates to the production of oil, oleaginous being towards each other. These conical sleeves are silicates, and in the production of liquor silicis, or matters, and grease from mineral shales of various bored to fit the shafts intended to be coupled, and are liquid fluid. Dated May 2, 1859.

Joinds, and from all or any bituminous materials not divided by one or two longitudinal cuts to enable them This consists, 1, in using in the manufacture of being commercially and generally known as coal. The to be closed on the shafts. The sleeves are prevented solable glass carbonate of potash or carbonate of raw shale, &c., is primarily distilled in an ordinary from turning on the shafts by keys which lock them soda, which has been previously deprived of sulphate retort, and the product is afterwards re-distilled as to the outer sleeve, and they are drawn together by of potash or sulphate of soda, the liquid flint thus often as may be necessary. Patent abandoned. square bolts which pass through part of the ex. produced being free from alkaline sulphuret. 2. In 1106. T. W. MILLER.' “ Improvements in appara- ternal sleeve, and when the nuts on the bolts are the application of such solutions to rendering stones, tus for, and mode of, generating steam and economis. screwed up, the bolts will prevent the two internal bricks, wood, paper, woven fabrics, and other materials ing fuel.” Dated May 3, 1859.

conical sleeves from turning in the external sleeve. impermeable to water. 3. In the manufacture of The patentee claims, i, the construction and ar. Patent completed. silicate of lime by decomposing solutions of silicate of rangement as described of tubes, flues, or sheet 1109. W. SELLERS. “ Improved machinery for potash or silicate of soda by caustic lime or carbonate spaces for the passage of the heat and products of making screw bolts and nuts." Dated May 3, 1859. of lime, or by boiling such native silica as is readily combustion in a marine or other boiler having several The object here is to prevent the necessity of re. dissolved by caustic alkali with a mixture of caustic furnaces, laterally and transversely to the lengths of versing the motion of the cutting dies, or of stopping lime and caustic potash or soda dissolved in water, by the furnaces, and above or over the bars of each fur- the maehines to change the bolts, and to so arrange which means a silicate of lime is obtained in such nace, so that the products of combustion from the the die and top holder as to admit of greater facility state as renders it usefully applicable for promoting first furnace shall pass over the several furnaces be in changing from one size thread to another. Patent the growth of plants. Patent abandoned.

tween it and the uptake or chimney or outlet, and in completed. 1100. D. MOORE. “Improvements in machinery like manner the products of combustion from the in. 1110. J. MORSE. “An improved power-printing for rubbing or dressing types.” Dated May 2, 1859. termediate furnaces between the first furnace and the press.”. Dated May 3, 1859.

This relates to the manner of feeding the types one uptake or chimney or outlet shall pass over the sev, This invention comprises various features which are by one or in a regular manner to the automatic device eral furnaces and the fuel therein contained. 2. The not fully described apart from the drawings. Patent which takes the said types and carries them letter arrangement of tubes, flues, or sheet spaces for the completed. end first through or between cutters that rub or cut passage of the heat or products of combustion in a lill. L. R. BLAKE. "A new and useful or im. and remove the projections which remain on the sides marine or other boiler having more than one furnace, proved machine for sewing a sole on a boot or shoe.” of the types and base of the letters after casting. The whether the same be arranged laterally and trans- Dated May 3, 1859. invention also relates to a device for removing the versely to the length of the furnaces, or longitudinally, This consists, 1, in arranging the shoe rest on the types from the parts that have carried the said types or lengthwise with the length of the furnaces, but end of an arm extending from the supporting frame through the cutters, and receiving the types on an above or over the bars of the furnaces, so that instead of the machine, and capable of entering the shoe, the apparatus that reverses their movement or position, of passing the products of combustion the first over said rest entering the interior of the shoe that an and delivers them with their base or lower end first the second, and second over the third, and so on, they outer sole may be stitched upon the innner sole and on to an apparatus for setting the types up into line may be alternated and the total length of the furnace upper of the shoe or boot. 2. In arranging the thread ready for the usual finishing operations. Patent be divided into two or more parts, so that the pro. passage, or looper, or both, within, or so as to operate completed.

ducts of combustion from one furnace to another may with, the shoe-supporting arm. 3. In the application 1101. W. GOSSAGE. “Improvements in the manu. be led or divided laterally from the front, from the of the feeding mechanism to the needle or its carrier, facture of caustic soda and carbonate of soila, from back, and from the centre part of such furnace to the so as to enable the feeding mechanism to be revolved certain alkaline liquids.” Dated May 2, 1859. next or to the next but one, or to any other furnace around, or with the said needles and its carrier,

The patentee claims, 1, the manufacture of carbo. 1 in the series further therefrom. 3. The use and em. in order to change the direction in which the shoe is nate of soda from caustie soda contained in salts ployment of a series of tubes, pipes, or sheet spaces to be fed along Patent completed. obtained by the concentration of black ash liquors, by with a suitable entrance pipe and conducting chamber, 1112. H. CHAPMAN. “An improved military campexposing such salts mixed with caustic soda to car- for the passage through them of the moist steam cooking apparatus.” Dated May 3, 1859. bonic acid gas. 2. The manufacture of caustic soda generated in a boiler, by which the steam in its pro- The object here is the obtaining of a large amount (obtained as before stated) by boiling such salts with gress to the main steam pipe of a steam engine be of heating surface with a small quantity of fuel. The water and caustic lime.' 3. The manufacture of comes dried, or the water held in suspension becomes apparatus is composed of three principal parts, which caustic soda by boiling a solution of soluble glass with vapourised, whether tubes, pipes, or sheet spaces be are intended to contain water at the lower part thereof, caustic lime, so as to produce silicate of lime and arranged longitudinally or transversely, or in other except the bottom of the third or middle compartment, caustic soda. Patent completed.

direction in the upper or in any other part above the which may be used for roasting coffee. At or near the 1102. C. NUTTALL. " Iu provements in machinery level of the water line of a marine or other description division of each of the aforesaid compartments a dome or apparatus for grinding wire cards.” Dated May of boiler, or in a steain chest open to or separate from or other shaped opening is to be formed, from whence 2, 1859.

a boiler, by which the series of pipes, tubes, or sheet proceed tiles or pipes passing respectively through the This consists in a method of traversing the strickets spaces may be surrounded by steam from the boiler several compartments in a horizontal direction. The or other apparatus used for grinding wire cards. The and be kept or maintained at the highest temperature ends of those tubes which come through the outer inventor employs a shaft upon which are cut two due to their position. 4. The novel construction and casing have valves or dampers for opening and closing threads of screws in opposite directions so as to arrangement of the interior structural parts, as well the ends of the tubes for regulating the intensity of cross each other, whereby the strickle is caused to as the mode of applying surface condensers or refrig. the heat in the apparatus. The before-mentioned travel first in one direction and then in the other. Pa-erators as described, when such condensers or compartments are intended to be fitted with shelves, tent abandoned.

refrigerators are attached to steam engines or boilers trays, hocks, strainers, and such-like apparatus for 1103. F. W. Emerson. " Improvements in treat for the purpose of obtaining fresh water from the ex- performing the operations of boiling or steaming meat, ing ores to obtain a new metallic substance and its hausted steam, or steam otherwise discharged from vegetables, and other articles of food. To use this salts, and in the application of such matters, and also boilers containing salt or sea water, or water impreg- apparatus it is only necessary to place it over two certain products of tungsten in dyeing, printing, and nated with impurities, rendering its use destructive to braziers containing fire, the heat from which traverspainting.” Dated May 2, 1859.

boilers, or from boilers fed with pure and fresh water.” ing the several tubes of the apparatus, will be given This consists, 1, in the separation of a metallic sub. Patent completed.

off, and speedily raise the temperature of the water stance, which the inventor designates "chrolithineum,” 1107. W.CLARK. “Improvements in obtaining or therein. Patent abandoned. from wolfram tungstate of lime, tungstic oxide, and extracting quinine and the principal organic alkalies.” 1113. H. CHAPMAN. “Improvements in the conother ores of tungsten, and in the manufacture and (A communication.) Dated May 3, 1859.

struction of kettles.” Dated May 3, 1859. application of its various salts to dyeing textile Here a decoction is obtained from the bark by This consists in forming the bottom of the kettle fabries, painting on porcelain, and the production of hydrochloric or sulphuric acids ; an alkali or alkaline partly flat and partly of a dome shape ; from the top of paints and pigments. 2. In the manufaeture and ap- carburet is then added until precipitation ceases. such said dome a tube or pipe extends in a horizontal plication of the blue oxide of tungsten as a dyeing The liquor holding the precipitate in suspension is direction through the body of the kettle and back part substance for textile fabrics, and as a paint or pig. then boiled, and a certain quantity of solid fatty acids thereof, the outer end of the said tube being furnished ment. 3. In the production of paratungstate of added ; these acids then melt and form a layer on the with a damper or valve for regulating the intensity of alkali , metatungstate of alkali, isotungstate of alkali

, surface with which all parts of the liquid 'under the the heat. The inside of the kettle at the bottom of and polytungstate of alkali, which may be used in the influence of ebullition come in contact successively, the spout thereof may also be fitted with a valve. By preparation of paints and pigments, and for dyeing and the quinine being dissolved in the water combines thus constructing kettles the fire is not deadened or textile fabrics, and for other purposes, and in the with the fatty acids and forms with it a perfectly in prevented from burning, but by opening the outer combination of paratungstic, metatungstic, isotung soluble soap. After a certain time the precipitate valve aforesaid a draught will be established through atic, and polytungstic acids with any suitable metallic becomes of a blackish colour, and the alkaline liquor the kettle, and thereby cause the fire to burn brightly oxide or mixtures of metallic oxides as a base, such as is transformed into quinine acid. The liquor is then that if a fire should be nearly out, it will draw it the oxides of lead, zinc, barytes, lime and others, to allowed to cool, when the fatty acids become solidified up, at the same time the heat from the fire, being form paints and pigments. Patent completed. on the surface, and are removed in the form of a cake directed to and through the kettle, will speedily boil

1104. A. G. FRANKLIN. " Improvements in the and then boiled with distilled water for removing any the water contained in the kettle. Patent abandoned. manufacture of crayons.” (A communication.) Dated impurities with which it may be mechanically com- 1114. E. W. SCALE. " Improvements in railway May 3, 1869.

bined. This is continued until the fatty matter yields signals.” Dated May 3, 1859. The required primary colour is mixed with clay, nothing more to the pure water ; it is then boiled in Here the flanges of the wheels of the engines como in contact with and thereby depress the end of a vibrat. Here the objects are the economic employment of the tractive force not being made use of in distributing lever, at the same time raising the opposite end high pressure steam which has been generated by any ing the seed. For this purpose a special apparatus of the lever and pushing a fan signal out of its box ; suitable means, by using it in the highest degree having a separate motion is adapted to the implethe fan expanding to a semicircular shape simultane expansively

in low pressure engines, and also in the ments consisting of a spring and train which imparts a ously with this raising of the signal a pneumatic col- economical treatment of the steam after it has per rotary movement to a distributor depositing a certain lapsible bag or bellows will be distended and admit air formed its work in the cylinder or cylinders of a quantity of seed in the ground supplied from a hopthereinto, and after the flanges of the several wheels steam engine by the employment of surface conden. per. Patent completed. in the train of carriages have ceased to act upon the sation, effected by a novel arrangement of surfage con. 1130. A. Krox. Improvements in gas regulaend of the lever, the weight of the rod to which the denser and centrifugal water-circulating apparatus ; tors.” Dated May 5, 1859. fan is affixed will cause the pneumatic bag or bellows also economizing fuel, and securing the continuous This relates to such gas regulators as have a to collapse and force out gradually the air contained supply exclusively of fresh feed water to the boilers weighted flexible diaphragm upon which the gas adtherein, the stop-cocks or valves being so arranged as of marine and other engines by making up the waste mitted to a small chamber acts, and by such action to cause the signal to be a certain time in descending, arising from, leakages and other causes." It relates increases or lessons the passage of gas to the burners, thus indicating to a following train the fact of a for more particularly but not exclusively to marine steam The improvements consist, 1, in the arrangement of ward train having recently passed. Patent completed. engines, and consists in constructing and fitting stepm two or more

valves in combination with each other 1115. R. Mushet. “An improvement in the cylinders of larger diameter than ordinarily employed for the admission of the gas to the diaphrago chamber, manufacture of cast steel.”. Dated May 3, 1859. on board ships, and by certain apparatus admitting so that their weight and the pressure of the gas on

This consists in producing a superior quality of and employing and using the steam within the cylin. them counterbalances each other, by reason of which cast steel by melting malleable iron together with der or cylinders from the

steam pipe or expansion box the regulator will work with great uniformity even at carbonaceous matter and ores, or oxides of titanium, at any suitable pressure for only a very small part or the lowest pressures. To effect this the inventor conor titaniferous iron ores, or titanic acid, or deoxidized portion of the travel of the piston within such cylin, nects the valves by a light lever mounted on a suitable titaniferous iron ores. Patent completed.

der, after which it is allowed again to expand, and fulcrum, faces the valves with leather and con1116. W. H. KINGSTON. “ Improved means of being aided by the vacuum on its opposite side the structs the central spindle supported by the communication between the passengers and guards, piston moves or travels to the end of the cylinder and diaphragm of the low pressure chamber hollow. Paand guards and engine drivers of railway trains." thus performs its full stroke; but instead of employ. tent abandoned. Dated May 4, 1859.

ing the ordinary air pump and injection condenser he 1131. H. REYNOLDS. “Improvements in refining This invention is not described apart from the substitutes an apparatus by the introduction of which sugar and other saccharine substances." Dated May drawings. Patent completed.

he is enabled to effect considerable economy in boiler 6, 1859. 1117. O. F. VASSEROT. “An improved form of room and the consumption of fuel necessary for gene- The patentee claims, 1, the dissolution of sugar and tuyere for blast furnaces." (A communication.) rating or producing a given amount of power in other saccharine substances by means of an ascending Dated May 4, 1859.

engines constructed and worked as heretofore. The and descending current of Auid propelled by mechaniThis consists in a box or air reservoir of cast iron details are voluminous. Patent completed.

cal means. 2. The employment of the salts of having two elbow pipes, and an opening to receive a 1123. J. F. ALLENDER and D. ROWLEY. "Im. tungsten, either as the oxide or in combination with cap of cast iron in which is formed the aperture which provements in shears for cutting boiler plates and a base, for example, lime or soda, in the refining of communicates with the furnace. One of the elbow sheets, and for other like purposes.” Dated May 5, sugar and other saccharine substances. Patent conpipes is fixed to the bellows or the fan; the other 1859.

pleted. passes vertically through the arched masonry into the This invention is not described apart from the 1132. R. A. BroomAN. “Improvements in cannon interior of the furnace. Patent abandoned. drawings. Patent completed.

and other fire-arms, and in projectiles, wads, and car: 1118. J. ADOLPHUS. " An improvement in locks, 1124. J. SCHOLFIELD, and W. CUDWORTI. “Cer- tridges to be used therewith. (A communication) bolts, and latches.” Dated May 4, 1859.

tain improvements in machinery or apparatus for Dated May 6, 1859. This improvement as applied to locks and bolts con. spinning cotton and other fibrous materials.” Dated The patentee claims, 1, the covering of projectiles sists of a pin, peg, or screw (which when it is desired May 5, 1859.

with an elastic material or soft wire cloth. 2. The to secure the lock or bolt) is passed through the fixed This relates to that class of spinning machines known employment of an elastic wad or ring attached to the part of the lock or bolt, and into, through, or behind as “mules," " tiviners," &c., and consists in making rear end of the projectile. 3. The forming of carthe sliding bolt in such a manner that the said bolt that part of the mule whích regulates the speed of the tridges of wire cloth or perforated metal plate. Ps. cannot possibly be shot back until such pin, peg, or spindles when winding on self-acting. Patent com- tent completed. screw has been withdrawn by some person on the pleted.

1133. H. FLETCHER. “A machine for scutching inner side of the door, gate, or shutter. Also, as ap- 1125. H. CHAPMAN.. "Improved means or appli- and carding tow, oakuin, or waste cordage." (A complied to latches in the use of a similar pin, peg, or ances for protecting ships against injury from shots, munication.) Dated May 6, 1859. screw, which when it is desired to secure the latch is shells, or other warlike projectiles."' Dated May 5, The inventor constructs a machine with a framepassed into, through, or above the latch and into the 1859.

work of cast-iron, and at one end he has a platforma back plate of the fixad of the latch for the purpose inventor

terims in a napal Shield” to the sides of the is drawn and passed by a feed-roller covered with

This consists in adapting a contrivance which the furnished with spikes, amongst which the tow, &e, 1110. W. E. Newton.. "Improvements in steam. ships, the said shield being capable of being raised or card to a series of four-grooved rollers, which are boilers.” (A communication) Dated May 4, 1859. lowered either into or out of the water by a ship's weighted at the bearings so as to grip the material

This consists in the employment of perforated air. tackle so as to cover any particular part of a ship. firmly; it is then subjected to the action of a beater tubes in the fire-chamber, and above the fuel, which Pateat completed.

or scutcher which has six bars, three plain and three tubes receive atmospheric air from outside the fire. 1126. H. CHAPMAN. “ Improvements in the con- jagged, so as to beat and spread the material, which chamber, and discharge its numerous small jets among struction of fortifications.” Dated May 5, 1859. is then passed to two carding cylinders, and thence to the gaseous products of combustion. The perforated This consists in adapting to fortifications a contri- a doffing cylinder, from which it is combed and passed air tubes are each endorsed within, or are surrounded vance for protecting the same against injury from to a large drum, upon which it is tightly lapped by by, a water-tube connected with the water legs or shots, shells, &c., the object being to present a yield weighted roller. The various speeds of the rollers, other spaces of the boiler. The air-tubes are also ing surface to the action of the projectiles for destroy beater, and cylinders are obtained by wheels and provided with hollow stay bolts, which form passages ing the effect thereof. Patent abandoned.

pulleys, and he makes the beater shift the prime for the discharge of the numerous jets of atmospheric 1127. W. F. Batho and E. M. BAUER. "Im mover, and provides the same with a fly.wheel to give air among the gaseous products of combustion. provements in drills for recessing, cutting slots, key. the machine a uniform motion. Patent abandonei. Patent abandoned. ways, and cotter holes.” Dated May 6, 1859.

1134. W. E. NEWTON. “An improved steain 1120. J. G. WILLANS. "Improvements in utiliz. The inventors employ an improved drill or cutting gauge.” (A communication.) Dated May 6, 1859. ing bog staff or peat, when applied for treating tool having three or more cutting edges, and they This consists in arranging or connecting an adjustmetals and certain mineral and alkaline substances." form the cutting edges by making spiral grooves on able weighted index or lever (which travels over & Dated May 4, 1859.

the exterior of the drill in connection with a closed curved scale) to a piston placed in a tube which The patentee claims, 1, the mixing bog stuff or peat, taper recess in the centre. Patent abandoned. extends from the outside of the boiler down into the in the state above defined as undried, with pig or cast 1128. E. J. HUGHES. Improvements in the water-space thereof. The pressure exerted by the iron in a divided state, also the moulding of the same manufacture of sheet-iron. (A communication.) water in the boiler on the piston will force the latter preparatory to its being exposed to heat in contact | Dated May 5, 1859.

up in the tube, and this pressure will be indicated on with the said bog stuff or peat intermixed therewith. This consists, 1, in procuring, well carburetted the scale. To the tube is connected a branch pipe or 2. The collecting of tar, and other condensable pro. charcoal pig iron cold black, and in purifying it tube provided with a whistle and an escape pipe, so ducts given off from bog stuff or peat whilst being either in the refining or puddling furnace by a flux that when the piston in the tube is forced up beyond used as fuel in lime-kilns. 3. The adding to, and in or compound of reagents. 2. In working the iron a certain point, and if the water begins to get low in termixing with, ores of iron previously broken or pul- thus produced in the puddling oven, and with ham the boiler, the whistle is blown and the surplus steam verized bog stuff or peat in the state above defined mers, and afterwards reducing the same into sheets. finds an escape. The piston rod is adjustable by a as undried ; also the moulding of the said mixture 3. In passing the sheets through etched or mottled screw, so that the point when this blowing-off' or preparatory to its being exposed to heat. 4. The use rollers. 4. In enclosing the said sheets in an air. alarm will take place can be adjusted in accordance of bog stuff or peat in the state above defined as un- tight iron case and heating them up to a bright with the strength of the boiler. Patent completed. dried for mixing with sulphate of baryta or sulphate cherry red, and then subjecting them to the action of 1135. W. E. NEWTON. “Certain improvements of soda, preparatory to such sulphates being reduced a gang of heavy hammers until they are no longer in fish-hooks.” (A communication.) Dated May 5, to sulphurets by the application of heat, all as de red; charcoal is used in this process to maintain the 1859. scribed. Patent abandoned.

heat as long as possible. 5. In submitting the said This consists in arranging between the main hooks, 1121. J. C. Wilson. "Improvements in machi. sheets a second time to the same operation, the and connected to the same by two arms, a bait hook, nery for cleaning cotton." Dated May 4, 1859. amount of heat communicated to them previously so that by forcing the two arms up to a horizontal

Here two rollers are employed in combination with being somewhat less,and the hammers of more powerful position the main hooks are spread open or set, the a blade or bar which constantly vibrates or oscillates operation. 6. In enclosing them a third time in an arms being so arranged that they cannot be forced 80 as to keep or push back the seeds until they are air-tight case for being annealed in a properly con- open up beyond a horizontal position. The top por freed from the cotton and fall down below the rollers. structed furnace. Patent abandoned

tion of the main hooks is made elastic, so that by Patent abandoned.

1129. W. CLARK. “Improvements in seed depo the action of this portion the main hooks when set 1122. H. TURNER. "Improvements in steam- sitors or drills.” (A communication.) Dated May will spring together directly a strain on the bait book engines and apparatus connected therewith.” Dated 6, 1859.

disturbs the horizontal position of the two arms, and May 5, 1859.

The particular feature in this invention consists in thus hold the fish firmly. Patent completed.

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1136. J. H. JOHNSON. “Improvements in piano. 2645. C. G. Hill. An improved goffering machine, f the distance travelled, and the amount of fares. (A fortes." (A communication.) Dated May 6, 1859. together with the apparatus connected therewith. communication.) This relates to a peculiar construction and arrange

Dated Nov. 23, 1859.

2682. W. Mac Naught and J. L. Taylor. An im. ment of the “rest” and “bridge” of pianofortes,

2647. W. H. Ward. A system of signal flags.

proved method of increasing the temperature of whereby the impediments to the direct vibration of

water for feeding steam boilers or vessels for genethe strings are obviated. Patent completed.

2649. E. T. Hughes. Improvements in the manu. rating steam, and in apparatus connected therewith. 1137 W. KELLINGLEY. · Improvements in the facture of a certain substance to supersede blasting

Dated Nov. 28, 1859. mode of lubricating the journals of the axles of powder. (A communication.) locomotive engines, of carriages, and machinery." 2651. E. T. Hughes. An improved chemical com.

2683. J. Eastwood. Improvements in steam ham. Dated May 6, 1859. bination to supersede blasting powder. (A com

mers, and in valves to be used therewith. The patentee uses what he calls a lubricating shield munication.)

2684. J. Eastwood. Improvements in lathes. fixed by preference on the axle at the inner end of 2652. J. T. Smith. An improvement or improve

2685. E. Tomey. Improvements in apparatus for the journal. This shield is so formed that while it ments in heating, puddling, and other reverberatory insulating telegraphic wires or conductors. prevents the escape of the lubricating matter at the furnaces used in the manufacture of iron.

2686. A. W. Williamson and L. Perkins. Improve. axle, it throws up such lubricating matter into a 2653. B. Bagster. Improvements in means or ap. ments in machinery for propelling vessels. receptacle, from which it is conducted to any part of paratus for giving surface finish to paper, which im. 2687. T. Luck. Improvements in apparatus for the bearing intended to receive the lubricating provements are applicable to copper-plate and other removing straw from thrashing machines. matter. The shield is formed of brass, gutta-percha, printing, as also to embossing. or hard india-rubber. We cannot quoto the details.

2688. P. R. Hodge. The treatment and use of a

2654. T. Eastman. Improved means of raising the Patent completed.

new material in making of paper or other compounds 1138. F. ANGERSTEIN, R. CLEGG, and G. THOR- blades of screws. employed to propel ships, and ap of vegetable pulp. RINGTON. "Improvements in apparatus for obtaining other operations under water. paratus for getting at such screws, and for performing 2689. E. E. Bentall. Improvements in machinery

for cutting vegetable substances. motive power." Dated May 6, 1859.

2655. T. Lister. Improvements in the construction 2690. E. H. Bentall. Improvements in apparatus One object here is great speed. This is ob- of sanatory privies and water-closets, part of which for crushing or grinding grain or seeds. tained by the use of diagonal arms working on improvements is applicable as a tap for drawing off centres, which, by their reciprocal action, produce an liquids.

2691. J. Bower. An improved method of preincrease of speed in proportion to the number em.

paring clay for the manufacture of crucibles, pots, and

2656. J. Knowles, jun. An improved apparatus earthenware. ployed, the same diagonal motion being converted into for the prevention of accidents in winding from mines, a revolving by one or more cog-wheels upon a shaft which apparatus is also applicable for other similar

2692. C. Sells. Improvements in steam-engines. revolving motion loose with a rim or rims at the side ; purposes.

2693. R. A. Brooman. An improved poultry on the side of the rim or rims a ratchet star or pawi

Dated Nov. 24, 1859.

wagon. (A communication.) is affixed to a shaft on a square box to fit two or more pawls, which are affixed or allowed to slide on the 2657. F. Preston and H. W. Garrett. Improve paration of red colouring matters or dyos. (A com

2694. R. A. Brooman. Improvements in the preshaft to catch tho top or inner rim of the cog which ments in the construction of cartridges.

munication.) runs loose each way of its axis ; these pawls or ratchets and in combining with instands instruments

for hold2658. J. Langford. Improvements in inkstands,

Dated Nov. 29, 1859.

2695. F. H. Wenham. Certain improvements in contrivance for throwing the pawls ultimately out of ing and damping stamps, labels, and other articles. gear. Patent completed.

2659. W. C. Maniece. Improvements in cop tubes steam-engines. 1139. F. W. HART. * Improvements in photo. used in machinery for spinning fibrous substances. 2696. Ü. Sharpe. Improvements in the mode of graphic apparatus.". Dated May 6, 1859.

2660. F. Prince. Improved apparatus for reducing preparing wool for the purpose of carding or combing

it with a view to its being afterwards wove into This consists, 1, in constructing a photographic the resistance of the atmosphere to the progress of

thread. (A communication). printing frame so as to admit of adjusting thereby the railway trains. negative stencil or mask on the prepared paper or 2661. J. Fyfe. Improvements in apparatus for

2697. J. King and J. Sutcliffe. Certain improve. surface, and securing the same theroon as required. regulating and adjusting the flow and pressure of ments in and applicable to mules for spinning. 2. In constructing the said frame so as to adapt it liquids.

2698. H. O. Robinson. Improvements in mafor holding tablets or surfaces to be printed from of 2662. W. Eassie. An improved joint for boarding chinery and apparatus for the manufacture of sugar. varying sizes. 3. In applying vulcanized india-rubber and planking of all kinds.

2699. J. B. Berger. An improved mode of and apto the bed or back board for the prepared surface to

2663. A. #ubart and V. Cantillon. Improvements paratus for facilitating the calculations required for rest upon, to facilitate the bringing of the printing in the manufacture of casks, barrels

, and other like navigating ships or vessels. and the prepared surfaces into the required close vessels of glass, and in machinery or apparatus em. 2700. L. N. Dejean. Improvements in hydraulic contact. Patent abandoned. ployed therein

motive power: 1140. S. WRIGHT. “An improved gas governor or

2664. W. S. Losh. Improvements in the manufac- 2701. C. Colwell. An improved means of propelling regulator.” Dated May 6, 1859.

ture of paper, and in the preparation of a substance sea-going vessels without the use of either paddleThe patentee governs or regulates the pressure by to be employed therein.

wheel or screw propeller now adopted. passing and diffusing the gas through a woven texture

2665. W. s. Collins, jun., and F. J. Chard. Im. 2702. T. Richardson. Improvements in the manu. of linen, cotton, silk, hair, or it may be a metal fabric provements in apparatus for propelling vessels. facture of certain compounds of soda and potash. into a chamber or chambers to which the burner is

Dated Nov. 25, 1859.

2703. M. L. J. Lavater. Improvements in vul. attached; the pressure of the gas at the jet of the burner thereby governed and regulated as required. in looms for weaving, and in apparatus for cutting the 2867. C., I., and J. Smith. Certain improvements canized india rubber bands.

Dated Nov. 30, 1859. Patent completed. loops to form pile fabrics.

2705. T. Fitton. Improvements in the slide valves 2668. T. Carr. Improvements in arrangements of steam-engines. PROVISIONAL PROTECTIONS. and mechanism for drying glue, moulded clay, sugar, 2707. S. Mortimer and G. Swaine. Improvements Dated Oct. 18, 1359.

white lead, and various other substances and articles in machinery or apparatus for spinning and doubling of manufacture.

wool or other fibrous substances. 2376. J. Darlington. Improvements in glass fur. 2669. J. Sim. Improvements in measuring and 2709. J. M. Wilson. Improvements in finishing

registering the flow or discharge of liquids. Dated Oct. 31, 1859.

woven fabrics called Arabian stripes or scarfs. 3670. I. A. Read and W. Rennie. An improve. 2711. J. B. Teil. Improvements in the construc2486. J. T. Pitman. Improvements in the con. ment or improvements in connecting brooms with tion of umbrellas and parasols. struction of forges. (A communication.) their sticks or handles.

2713. G. J. Firmin. Improvements in the manuDated Nov. 7, 1859.

2671. H. Lindon. Machinery or apparatus for factura of tartaric and citric acids, and certain salts 2534. H. Grafton. Improvements in bell and other raising and forcing fluids, which is also applicable for in connection therewith. signal apparatus to dwelling houses and other places, which improvements are also applicable to knobs or latches. (Partly a communication.) 2672. M. Hildesley. Improvements in locks and

Dated Dec. 1, 1859.

2717. C. A. Fournier. A process and apparatuses handles and fastenings of doors, and the like.

2873. G. E. Donisthorpe. Improvements in ap- intended to find out the escapes of lighting gas from Dated Nov. 12, 1859.

paratus for hackling, dressing, and combing silk waste, the conveying pipes, and to determine the precise 2572. R. Howson. Improvements in bells and and other fibres.

leaking places of the said pipes. gongs, and in their manufacture.

Dated Nov. 26, 1859.

2719. T. Silver. Improvements in apparatus for Dated Nov. 21, 1859. 2674. A. S. Lukin. Improvements in apparatus for governing or regulating the speed of steam and other

engines. 2629. J. Webster. An improvement or improve

drawing window blinds. ments in pressure and vacuum gauges.

2675. F. Scheithauer. An improved machine for the manufacture of horse-nails and other wrought

2721. T. Till. Improvements in machinery for 2631. W. Whittle. Improvements in the manufac printing woollen and other fabrics.

nails. ture of nails, and in machinery to be used in the said

2677. C. Bedells. Improvements in the manufac.

2723. J. Paton. Improvements in valves., manufacture.

ture of shoes and boots, and in fabrics suitable for use 2725. J. H. Johnson. Improvements in apparatus 2633. W. E. Newton. An improved machine for in this manufacture. moulding and pressing bricks. (A communication.)

2678. W. Moseley. Improvements in fountain for preserving and cooking food. (A communication.) 2635. G. W. Lenox. Improvements in the manu.

pens. facture of ships' blocks.

2679. M. Auerbach. Improved apparatus to be PATENTS APPLIED FOR WITH COMPLETE
applied to omnibuses, stage-coaches, and other similar

SPECIFICATIONS.
Dated Nov. 22, 1859.

venicles, to indicate the distance each passenger 2731. G. F. Smith. Improvements in smelting 2639. B. Amsden. Improvements in the manufac. travels

and the amount of his fare. (A communica- and purifying iron and other ores. (A communicature of straw and other descriptions of hats and tion.)

tion.) Dated Dec. 2, 1859. bonnets.

2680. T. Watson and G. Healey. Certain improve. 2740. J. Anderson and J. Bradshaw. Improve2641. G. White. Improvements in gloves. (A ments in the manufacture of silk velvets.

ments in the construction of the furnaces of bakers' communication.)

2681. M. Auerbach. Improved apparatus to be ovens for the purpose of consuming smoke, which im. 2613. T. B. Daft. An improvement in coating applied to cabs, hackney-carriages, and other similar provements are also applicable to the consumption of sheathing metal.

vehicles, to indicate the number of persons carried, smoke in other furnaces. Dated Dec. 3, 1859.

naces.

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NOTICES, OF INTENTION TO PROCEED PATENTS ON WHICH THE SEVENTH YEAR'S

may be obtained on payment of a sum of three guineas

for each copy.
WITH PATENTS.
STAMP DUTY HAS BEEN PAID.

Further particulars Mr. T. Bury, 50

Welbeck-st., Cavendish-sq., London. Tenders, Dee. 21. (From the London Gazette, Dec. 13, 1859.)

1013. G. Collier. | 1853–219. J. S. Russell. Senools, Esser. For the erection of three large schools 1719. J. G. Isham and S. D. Albertson. Corks. (A

and residences at Epping. Plans, &c., Offices of Mr. G. communication.)

LIST OF SPECIFICATIONS, &c., E. Pritchett, 12 Bishopsgate-street Without, and Bishop's 1779. J. Rowland. Mashing and mixing.

Published during the week ending Dec. 2, 1859.

Stortfort; also, at Rev. J. R. Tuck's, Epping. Tenders,

Dec. 23rd. 1783. J.C. Ashwell. Wheels.

Designs AND ESTIMATES FOR SHOP AND House, Hull.1789. W. K. Peace. Canisters. (A communica- No. Pr. No. Pr. No. Pr. No. No, Pr.

No. Pr. Designs for a draper and silk mercer's shop and dwelling tion.)

house on the site of the shop and retail premises, in the 1791. W. H. Tooth. Iron and steel.

d

d

Market-place, Hall. Premium of ten guineas for most 1793. J. Petrie, jun. Washing wool. 10929 61103 0 5 111113 1125 0 3 1136 0 10 10470 3

approved plan, to Messrs. R. Jennison & Son, drapers, 1801. F. Walton. Ornamental fabrics. 109310 311040 311150

Hull, Dec. 19.

4112610 31137 0 9 1148 1 3 1805. N. D. Maillard. Compases. 10940 3 11050 311 11161 211270 31138 0 91114912 2

ENGINEER, Practicnl and Educated, to erect and super10950 7 11061 0 1117 0 3 1128 0 3 1139

intend the working of sugar and other machinery. A

3 11500 4 1808. M. A. F. Mennons. Sentry boxes, &c. ( A2090 11110710 411180 311290 7.11400 5 11510 4

thorough practical knowledge of the steam engine and communication.) 10970 5 iroslo 311190 11300 311410 3115210 3

millwright's work, and having served the regular time 1810. F. W. Beaumont. Hydraulic apparatus.

in the shop, is indispensable. A competent person, 109810 3111090 1011200 11310 411420 10 1155 I 0 1811. W. Thompson. Printing telegraph. 10990 3111010 1011210 311320 3 11430 6 11540 9

producing first-class references as to ability, eharacter,

3 11440

11000 11 11110 10 11221 11111330 1815. A. B. Childs and L. D. Owen,

8 115510 3

&c., will be liberally dealt with. Address, P. S. & Co., Cleaning 11010 4'11120 3:11232 10 11910 5 11450 6 11561 0

163 Strand, stating all particulars. grain. 11020 311130 3112106 1135 0 5 11100 3

Gas ENGINEER.- Must be thoroughly acquainted with 1816. A. T. De Lisle. Clarifying sugar.

engineering in general, but gas engineering on a small 1827. B. Baugh. Forming the edges of certain

scale in particular, in all its detail. Must be s good vessels.

Note.-Specifications will be forwarded by post from the draughtsman and acconntant, and capable of preparing

Great Seal Patent Office (publishing department) on re. specifications of brick and wood work, as well as iroa 1837. P. F. Rolland. Electric telegraph.

ceipt of the amount of price and postage. Sums exceeding work, Salary, £100 a year. References to three last 1838. C. L. J. Dierickx. Scales.

5s, must be remitted by Post Office Order, made payable employers required. Address, V. 36, Examiner office, 1814. W. Williamson. Drilling holes.

at the Post Office, High Holborn, to Mr. Bennet Wood- Manchester. 1819. W. Muir. Foot lathes. croft, Great Seal Patent Office.

Gas ExGINEER.-The Sowerby Bridge Gas Company re1855. R. Heaton, jun. Coining machinery.

quire the assistance of a practical gas engineer to 1861. L. A. Possoz, Sugar.

examine their works, and report to them his opinion as LIST OF MISCELLANEOUS TENDERS IN

to the best mode of enlarging the same. Address, 1874. R. I. Watts, J. Öfford, and J. R. Thomas, VITED, AND ENGAGEMENTS OPEN. stating terms and reference, to the Chairman of the Consuming smoke.

Company, Sowerby Bridge, Yorkshire, Dec. 19th. The tenders and vacancies which appear in this weekly lis 1875. H. T. Lambert. Disengaging ships' boats.

MANAGER OF Gas Works.-To take the management of

are not repeated in succeeding numbers. (A communication.)

the Todmorden Gas Works, and to do the general busiSWORDS AND SCABBARDS, India Ofice.-For swords and 1991. J. Chatterton. Tubes of gutta percha.

ness of a gas-making establishment. Address, Mr. J. scabbards. Conditions of contract at the Secretariat

Barker, engineer, Millwood, Todmorden, giring refer. 2149. J. Blair. Spinning, &c. Ofce. Tenders before 11 o'cloek a.m., Dec. 03.

ences and salary required. 2174. J. Fernihough. Pistons and buckets. CHURCH, Norton Malward. For the rebuilding of Norton MANAGER Fou ENGINEERING Works.-Must be a good 2268. J. Turpie. Sails of ships.

Malward church near Bristol. Drawings, &c., offices, mechanic, thoroughly systematic in conducting and 2302. G. Davies. Paper. (Å communication.) Mr. James Wilson, architect, No. 1 Belmont, Bath. Ten- getting out

work, and a fair draughtsman. Applicants ders, Dec. 24. 2319. A. A. D. Hely. Tobacco.

to give full particulars of previous engagements and TOWER AND SPIRE, Moreton-in-the-Marsh. For a new

references. Salary, £120 a year. Address, X. O., 163 2460. H. Phillips and J. Bannehr. Manure,

tower and spire to the parish church. Plans, &c., after Strand, London. 2532. H. Barker. Pipes.

Dec. 19, to T. Commeline, Esq., Moreton-in-the-Marsh. MECHANICAL AND TOPOGRAPHICAL DRAUGHTSHAN.-One 2604. J. A. Drieu and A. Legeay. Tissue. Tenders to 3 p.m., Jan. 2.

thoroughly competent to go out to Rio de Janeiro. A 2610. J. McKenzie and S. T. Wentworth. Fire

WORKHOUSE, Bristol ---For enlarging the City of Bristol German, Swiss, or Pole, who can speak English, will be

Work house at Stapleton. Printed forms of tender, arins.

preferred; salary liberal. Address, Messrs. Fairbaira & Mr. W. B. Wilmot, clerk to the guardians. Plans, &c., Sons, Canal-street, Manchester, 2617. W. Blinkhorn. Bricks, &c.

at St. Peter's Hospital, Bristol. Tenders, Jan. 11. MECHANICAL DRAUGUTSMAN.-One experienced in making 2615. C. G. Hill. Goffering machine.

ENGINEER'S WORK, Bristol.- For the engineer's work to working and finished drawings, capable of designing 2669. J. Sim. Measuring liquids.

be done in enlarging the City of Bristol Workhouse at and arranging machinery, and possessing a practical 2073. G. E. Donisthorpe. Hackling, &c. Stapleton. Form of tender, Mr. W. B. Wilmott, clerk knowledge of mechanical engineering, millerighting,

&c. to the guardians. Plans, &c., St. Peter's Workhouse, 2685. E. Tomey. Insulating wires.

Address, stating salary, L. 1. G., 163 Straad, Bristol. Tenders, Jan. 11.

London. 2713. G. J. Firmin. Tartaric and citric acids.

PLAN OF DRAINING, &c., Eastbourne.--For the best plan of Brass TUBE MILL MANAGER.– To superintend a brass 2723. J. Paton. Valves.

draining the parish of Eastbourne. Map of parish, plan tube inill Must be experienced in making both solid, 2740. J. Anderson' and J. Bradshaw. Furnaces. of additional buildings, levels, &c., Mr. M. G. H. Cramp- drawn, and brazed brass and copper tubes, and The full titles of the patents in the above list can be aston Coles, clerk to the board, Eastbourne. Plans to be

thoroughly understand the nature of metals. Address by certained by referring back to their numbers in the list of

accompanied with a specification of the work to be dong, letter, H., 3 Journal office, Birmingham. provisional protections previously published.

and estimate of the cost, and sent to the office of the SECRETARY AND GENERAL MANAGER, Halifax.- For the clerk, Jan. 17.

Halifax Mechanics' Institution. An actire intelligent Opposition can be entered to the granting of a patent to

Rails, Dublin and Wicklow Company.-For 4, 400 tons of man, who will be expected to devote his whole time to any of the parties in the above list who have given notice of

bridge rails. 80 lbs. to the yard, for the Gorey Extension the duties of his office. He will be responsible for the their intention to proceed, within twenty-one days from the date of the Gazette in which the notice appears, by leaving

line, with a proportionate quantity of chairs, according efficient working of the several departments of the

to particulars with the company's engineer, W. R. Le Institution, and arrangements will be made for the purat the Commissioners' office particulars in writing of the

Fann, Esq., 59 Fitzwilliam-square, Dublin, to be delivered

pose of giving him a pecuniary interest in its prosperity. objection to the application.

free on shore at Wicklow or Arklow, in three equal The salary will be $100 per annum. Application by

quantities of 6, 12, and 18 months, from date of accept- letter only, not later than 20th inst., to Mr. Corke, LIST OF SEALED PATENTS.

ance of tender. Tenders to Mr. A. Moore, secretary, secretary.

48 Westland-row, Dublin, Dec. 29.
Sealed Dec. 9, 1859.
CHAIRS, North British Railway Company.--For 2,300 tons

PRICES CURRENT OF METALS. 1414. W. Donbavand 1444. L. Barroux.

of chairs. Specifications at the head office of the com aud D. Crichton.

1458. H. Evette.
pany, Edinburgh. Tenders for whole or any part before

London, Dec. 16th, 1$59

IRON:

inst. 1417. T. F. Henley. 1534. D. J. Fleetwood. noon, 23r

Rails in Wales and North RAILWAY MATERIALS, Border Counties Extension Rail1433, J. Cowan. 2015. W. Neilson.

of England

pr. ton way.-For the following materials for permanent way,

Welsh Bars, in Wales 1412. J. Luis. viz. : - 28,000 sleepers, 56,000 chairs, 56,000 kers,

Staf, Bars, at the Works

7 13 Sealed Dec. 13, 1859. 112,000 twisted spikes, 16,000 fishing plates, 32,000 fish

Sheets, Singles

8 10 0 ing bolts. Forms of tenders, offices, Mr. J. F. Tone, 10 1422. B. Baugh. 1509, C. F. and C. J. Market-street, Newcastle. Tenders, 22nd inst,

Nail Rods 1426. C. N. Kottula. Varley.

Doiler Plates

8 10 0
STORES, Blythe and Tyne Railway.-For waggon wood,
1435. A. McDonald. 1513. G. Hall, jun. and other home and foreign tirnber, for iron, copper,

Scotch Pig, M.-Nos. War-
ruots, at Glasgow

2 17
1436. E. J. Mauinené 1548. I. Tirebuck.
brass, nails, spades, shovels, bolts, &c., and for other

Do. No 1, Good Brands and V. Rogelet.

1596. A. Beaulieu.
stores for the ensuing year. Forms of tender, &c., Mr.

8:07c' Bars

7196

Swedish Bars, in London..
Lundie, manager, Percy Main, or at company's offices,

11 10 0 1441. E.T. Hughes.

120 1607. L. Schwartzkopfr Newcastle.

COPPER: 1443. J. Luis. and F. C. Philippson. FREIGHT TO INDIA, Calcutta and South Eastern Railway. Sheet and Sheathing

012) 14-19. T. E. Tallent.. 1618. J. H. Johnson,

Touch Cake aud Tile.
-Freight for two locomotive engines and tenders, in a

pr. ton 11:06

Best Selected 1451. M. A. F.Mennons. 1664. R. Mushet. first-class vessel, from Newcastle-upon-Tyne to Calcutta.

Australian

1110 e 1459. E. T. Hughes. 1665. R. Mushet. They will be ready for shipment in the beginning of

South American 1463. C. F. Vasserot. 1674. R. Mushet. Jannary next. The tenders to specify a lump sum for

Yellow Metal Sheathing

per ib.

STEEL: 1466. J. Combe and R.

the conveyance of each locomotive and tender; the
1707. Earl of Caithness.
weight and dimensions of which to be ascertained at the Swedish Keg

pr.ton

19 10 Smalpage.

2069. E. J. Mallett.
offices of the company, 211 Gresham-house, Old Broad-

Faggot
1467. J. Luis.
2251. J. Thompson and street, or at Messrs R.'Stephenson and Co.'s, Newcastle TIN".

English, Block........ P.cwt.

618 1968. J. Cox. J. Thompson, jun. upon-Tyne. Tenders at the office of the company till

Dar. 1180. R. Laming.. 2111. T. S. Prideaux. noon, Dec. 24.

Foreign, Banca

7 1 0 GASITOLDER TANK, Rawtenstall.-- For the excavating,

Straits

6 16 0 shoriny, purldling, and mason's work required in the mixpłates: PATENTS ON WHICH THE THIRD YEAR'S STAMP

Charcoal, I.C. construction of a gasholder tank, 80 feet diameter by 20

pr.box

1 12 0 DUTY HAS BEEN PAID.

Coke, I C.. feet deep, at the company's works, Bacup. Sealed ten

LEA): 2892. H. Ogden and H. 2936. T. &W.Wheatley. ders to be furnished by the secretary, and sent in to J.

Pig, English.

pr. ton 99 0 Hibbert. 2950. J. T. and E. P. Aitkin, Esq., chairman, 28th Dec. inst.

Spanish

21 15 CHURCH, Newcastle-upon-Tyne.-For the erection of a

Sheet 2902. J. Leslie. Wright.

new church in Bath-lane, Newcastle. Drawings for and SPELTER: 2905. R. Eaton. 2957. H. Pease and T. copies of quantities, Messrs. Oliver and Lamb, archi

On the spot

21 10
2015. T. Vicars, sen., T. Richardson.
tects, 66A Northumberland-stre

For arrival
Newcastle. Tenders,

ZINC:
Vicars, jun., T. Ashmore, 2977. E. Heywood.

Dec. 19.

English Sheet

27 00 and J. Smith.

3004. F. Donny.
C:IUNCII, Dorer.- For Building a new church for the parish

QUICKSILVER
2016. T. Peake.
3039, C. F. Varley.

of St. James the Apostle, Dover. Drawings, &c., office
of Mr. T. Fox, vestry clerk, 3 Castle-terrace, Dover,

LAWRIE AND HAGGER, Metal Brokers 2926. W. and T. Storey.

where copies of bills of quantities and forms of tender 33 Lombard-street, E.C.

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THE

might then be used for civil and commercial be shared by all our professional readers-we

purposes. Such artillery could, moreover, be have observed with satisfaction that Mr. MECHANICS MAGAZINE.

worked with all needful efficiency by volunteer William Hawes, a highly influential member

forces formed along the coast, and, if necessary, and officer of the Society of Arts, has just been LONDON, FRIDAY, DECEMBER 23, 1859.

batteries of guns could be transported from laying before that Society a valuable paper upon

place to place to afford opportunities for all the the Great Eastern. In this paper the writer OUR NATIONAL DEFENCES. corps to exercise themselves with by turn, opportunely recals public attention from the

"petty jealousies of little minds," and from THERE is a wonderfully simple means of defence

THE GREAT EASTERN.

the misrepresentations of ignorant and inaccessible to us English people that has been many times suggested by individuals, but but it often works much mischief

. We do not, work, fraught with great commercial and

"terested opponents, and directs it to the A FREE press is a blessed thing unquestionably,

ship as “ a great mechanical and engineering never, we believe, taken into serious considera

we are happy to say, believe that newspaper political results, the accomplishment of which tion by the authorities. We allude to the writers can repeal or set aside the laws of adoption of locomotive batteries, transportable nature.--fortunately for us; but they can do which will certainly be ultimately realized, from place to place around our coast on lines of marvellous things in the way of casting discredit

"gloomy railway. The Professor of Fortification at Addis- upon human enterprises, even of the highest appear.” For the sake of a magnificent ship, combe, Admiral Sartorious, and Mr. Bridges lately in reference to the Great Easter? The which only its owners take pains to undervalue, Adams, (in Once a Week,) have all and severally design of that ship, in all its essential parts; and will glance at her anew in the light which proposed the employment of such a system of has been before the scientific public for several

he throws upon her. defence; and only last week we learned that years, and we never yet knew of any serious

criticism adverse to it proceeding from any There is much truth in what Mr. Hawes says Mr. John White, the eminent shipbuilder of distinguished inen of science. Men of science, in reference to the present management of the West Cowes, Isle of Wight, no less than two moreover, have lately made two or three trips ship.. No one, as he observes, appears to have or three years ago devised elaborate plans of on board of her, and have discovered nothing sufficient authority to decide what is to be done, carrying this system-which he seems to have seriously defective about her, so far as we have and few of those who are now connected with been one of the very first to devise-into heard. But newspaper writers have done what the administration of the company's affairs effect.

men of science did not do, and their clever appreciate the vastness of the original design, Knowing as we all do, or may easily do, disquisitions, aided by some singular proceed- fewer still being able to carry it out in its every assailable portion of our coast, and ings on the part of the directors of the Great integrity. Judging from the criticisms we have possessing as we possess the power of 'rapid Ship Company, have brought the shares down all read upon the ship of late, we might fancy,

.

he remarks, that neither of the experienced transit which railways afford, it seems the

How far there is room to doubt whether Mr. engineers of the paddle and screw engines height of folly to invest large sums of money Scott Russell's late contract was fully and knew anything of their business ; for one critic in fixed defences. What could be easier than faithfully completed or not we cannot tell

, says the chimneys are too small; another, the the simple process of connecting all or several of our assailable points by trunk lines of rail of the contract, and have not the slightest of the paddles is too great ; another, the air

simply because we never saw the specification boilers are insufficient ; another, the diameter way-placing upon, or in connection with knowledge of its extent or limitations. We pump rods are too weak, and the engines themthem, a sufficient number of guns to meet know, of course-as everybody else knows- selves are in the wrong position ; another finds every possible emergency—and furnishing our

the directors themselves long ago announced fault with the donkey engines, and so on selves with such an amount of locomotive that the contract was. finished entirely to their throughout the ship; " all of which criticisms power as would enable us to concentrate as

satisfaction. But since then the question has seem rather to originate in a desire to spend many of our guns as we please upon any been raised, and has very properly been sub- the money of the company, or to obtain a threatened point in a few hours ? Taken broadly, it is possible that on close inquiry it arbitrators. While these arbitrators have been “which do not exist, than to complete in the

mitted to the decision of duly appointed "false reputation by appearing to remedy evils would be found that no impediment would investigating the subject we have seen and shortest time the work that is unfinished, and prevent us from suddenly concentrating all the heard much on one side of the question, while “ to remedy, in the most economical manner, strength of our coast artillery upon a single

on the other side Mr. Russell has maintained point if desirable ; but even if such obstacles silence. For our part, while we know that an

"any defects in her machinery and apparatus

“which her trials may have rendered apparent." as the mouth of the Thames, the Southampton immense amount of nonsense has been written There is also much truth in his remarks upon Water, Plymouth Sound, and other estuaries, about the condition of the ship, and while we the gorgeous and expensive fittings of the prinwere found to render this impracticable or further know that Mr. Russell spared no ex- cipal saloon. He believes the interests of the undesirable, there could yet be no difficulty in pense in performing his contract, we shall not shareholders

, and good taste, too, would both bringing an overwhelming artillery force to be surprised to find that he gets mulcted to have been better consulted, if the utmost simbear upon every point where an enemy could

some extent by the arbitrators, simply because plicity in ornamentation had been adhered to, land.

we believe no considerable quantity of contract and more attention paid to the introduction of The advantages of such a system of defence work can be expected (in the present state of the comforts we are accustomed to ashore, and inust be very great. In the event of any commercial and manufacturing affairs) to stand which the steadiness of, and the space at comattempt at an invasion being contemplated, we close scrutiny unblemished. But however this mand in, this ship would have enabled the could put all our defensive artillery force into matter ends, it can bear but very slightly upon directors to realize, to the infinitely greater a state of preparation, and on the approach of the actual value of the Great Eastern. Mr. satisfaction of passengers than any pleasure that the enemy, the telegraph would at once put Russell's last contract may have been well done, sitting in a gaudy saloon can afford them. He every division of the force on the alert. No or it may have been ill done, but that is a mere also notices a remark which has been made feints of the enemy could avail him anything, question of a few hundred pounds at most; respecting the absence of means to warm the because our locomotive land force could be the value of the ship as a commercial instru- state room and other saloons in a ship going to shifted from point to point, as he varied his ment or agent cannot be greatly affected by it. America. The ship was never intended to go position, with much greater facility than fleets As to the folly which we hear and read, about to a cold climate ; she was built for the Indian of transports could be moved. On the actual the paddle-engines being placed too low, and trade ; she is not calculated for a voyage to landing being attempted, we should have the other such matters, no scientific man will give America, and it is to be very much regretted invaluable power of taking up whatever position heed to that for a single moment until some that the concession to other interests than those we found best-either directly in the face of thing more than gross absurdities are brought of the shareholders, and perhaps the desire of the landing force, or at any convenient distance forward in support of it. We say this, not exhibiting this great work to our transatlantic from it, raking it more or less as opportunity with the slightest disposition to check any friends, should have been allowed for one hour served. Surely with the fleets of England sensible discussion of the great ship’s construc- to delay her departure on the voyage for which a float, and defences of this kind girdling our tion and qualities ; on the contrary, we will she was designed, for which she is fitted, and coast, we inight lay down our heads at night in gladly open our columns to any scientific letters from which alone commercial results to the any corner of our happy island fearless even of or papers on the subject ; but we say it because company can be realised. “The ship has been Imperial France !

we have not patience to comment upon the looked upon too much as a sight, and far too In times of peace our coast artillery might utterly senseless writings which have recently "little as a great commercial machine by the be maintained at exceedingly little expense - appeared in imposing forms in reference to the "proper use of which alone can profits be at the mere cost of the guns and carriages, in Great Eastern.

“inade.” It is clear, he adds, that one great fact, for the locomotives, and even the railways, Holding these views—which we know must element of commercial success is to be found in

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