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for roasting coffee and other substances.” Dated De- the tools used when operating in a similar manner on to hold the same fast at or near the headland towards cember 8, 1858. metals. Patent completed.

which the tilling or cultivating implement is being Here the inventor forms the cylinder of wire gauzeor 2822. J. EccLEs. "Improvements in arrangements moved. A suitable carriage, by preference on four metal net-work, or perforated plate, and through one and machinery for preparing for the manufacture and wheels, is constructed so as to carry a chain wheel. of the axles or arms in which the cylinder rotates a for manufacturing clay and other plastic earths into drum or palley, which receives motion from a steam. sampling or testing tubo is fitted, through which a bricks, tiles, pipes, and other articles formed of such engine, which, with its boiler, is carried by the sample of the berries may be taken during the roast- materials.” Dated Dec. 9, 1858.

carriage. The ploughs or other implements are at. ing without stopping the cylinder for that purpose. The object of the first part of this invention is to tached to and dragged by the carriage, and to prevent Patent abandoned.

prepare clay and other plastic earths direct from the turning the carriage and implements at the end of 2817. C. M. Westmacot. “Improvements in the bed ready to be moulded by machines acting on the each bout, two sets of ploughs or implements are em, permanent way of railways.” Dated December 8, 1858. principle of those known as “ dry-clay machines,” in ployed, so that one set may be in and the other out

For fixing fish-plates to railway rails, rails to chairs which system the process of tempering or pugging of action at each bout. The chain used is conducted and sleepers, chains to sleepers, and the separate the materials is unnecessary. The invention consists partly around the chain-wheel by guide-wheels, so parts of chairs or sleepers (in such as are made in in drying the clay-earths by currents of hot or cold that as the chain-wheel is caused to rotate, it will, on more than one piece) the one

to the other, the inven. air, produced by mechanical means as follows: The the carriage passing from one headland to the other, tor employs screw bolts having heads at one end, and clay-earth is passed through one or more pairs of pick up and again deposit the chain ; and the end of right and left handed screwscut on the other. The screw rollers, which deliver it on to a travelling endless the chain from which the carriage is for the time thread which is furthest from the head is formed in a belt, apron, or lattice (upon which it may be broken being moving, will have its anchor or holding appapart of the belt which is smaller in diameter than the up into small particles); this arrangement conveys ratus moved, so that in the next bout the carriage part on which the other thread is cut. These screw

the clay-earth to any suitable distance, and while in and implements will act on a fresh portion of the threads receive nuts which are screwed on in opposite progress it is subjected to heat and to a current of land. Patent completed.

2829. H. WILSON. directions, and of which one screws to lock the other; hot or cold air, so that by the time the travelling ar.

“Improvements in the conor the screw nearest the head is arranged to screw rangement has conveyed the material to its point of struction of pumps." Dated Dec. 9, 1868. into a hole tapped in the fish-plate or iail, or other delivery it has been dried sufficiently to be ready for This consists in the introduction into pumps of a plate part to be securod. In the construction of perma- moulding into bricks, &c. It relates, 2, to appa- of brass or other metal to which are attached two or nent ways in which transverse sleepers and chairs

ratus for moulding articles by expressing plastic more suction pipes leading into different directions. are employed he places cushions of wood exterior of earths through moulding orifices, and consists in a On the other side of this plate another plate is ground the chair, and on each side of it, so that the under: method of securing the moulding cores so as to keep air-tight, and is made to work either with a circular, side of the rail may rest on these cushions. In them more correctly in their places. This is accom; semi-circular, or lateral motion; the sliding plate is arranging the chairs for supporting the rails he plished by a stay or stays in addition to the usual perforated with one or more holes, so that when the makes the end of one of the jaws a detached piece, means. Patent completed.

holes in the sliding plate are opposite the holes in the which drops in between the rail and the other part

2823. H. BELL. “ Improvements in musical in- stationary plate, the water or other fluid may be of the jaw, and is secured by a bolt passing through struments.” Dated Dec. 9, 1858.

drawn by the action of the pump from one or more it and through the bottom of the chair, and it is of

This relates to the improvements of the tone of different sources as may be required. There are such a form as when in place to hold the rail without violins and other musical instruments by the in- modifications included. Patent completed. the use of a key. There are various modifications in troduction or addition of a “bell harmonica." As 2830. E. L. PENSU ETE. “ Improvements in appacluded. Patent abandoned.

applied to a violin, this consists of a flattened tube or ratus for driving or for drawing up piles. by steam.” 2818. H. MEIDINGER. “Improvements in electric elliptical chamber of glass placed in the interior of Dated Dec. 9, 1858. batteries." Dated December, 8, 1858.

the body of the violin, the two ends of this glass piece Here a framework of timber say 45 feet high, is This consists in arranging batteries on the principle blocks are supported by a light pole or bar of wood piston and hammer. This said cylinder has connected

being carried by two end blocks of wood. These furnished with a steam cylinder fitted up with a of " Daniell's Constant Battery," as hereafter de fastened to the ends of the instrument, and passing to its lid at opposite points two strong metal rods, scribed, avoiding the use of a diaphragm, and protect along the interior of the glass sheet. A bow-shaped and to the lower extremities of the said rods a casting ing the zinc from being too rapidly touched

by the bar of lancewood is placed transversely across the is fixed, the same being provided with two right and sulphate of copper. For this purpose a large vessel body of the instrument above the glass shell to sup left handed screws on which are placed two moveable of glass is fitted partly, say two-thirds, with a diluted port a sound-post, the top of which carries the breast jaws, by which it is proposed to embrace firmly the solution of zinc, and another glass of half the height of the instrument. Patent abandoned. and diameter of the larger vessel is placed within it,

head of the pile. As the pile is drawn by elastic force

2824. J. LITTLE. standing in the solution. The second glass is covered and heating apparatus.” Dated Dec. 9, 1858.

“Improvements in fire-grates of the steam, the steam cylinder follows the pile, and on the inside with a copper plate to serve as the

when driven sufficiently far, the jaws are released

This relates, 1, to open fire-places such as are used from the pile, and the cylinder raised by connecting negative pole of the

battery, and a copper wire is for domestic purposes in the warming of apartments, a chain to the top thereof. This chain passes on to a fixed to the plate. This wire is covered by a small and it consists under such modification of the attach barrel or drum placed on the platform of the machine glass tube, so as to protect it from the liquid through ment to the front of such fire-places or grates of ver and is worked by a small steam engine, so that for which it passes. The mouth of the exterior vessel is tical or horizontal radial plates of metal, as a means drawing piles out of the ground it is only necessary closed by a cock in which are two holes, one for of obtaining a superior amount of effective and avail. to fasten the before-mentioned jaws round the head holding a large and high glass tube, the other for able heat, and for improving the draught. Patent of the pile, and then to wind the chain around the holding a strip of amalgamated zinc. The former,

abandoned. elosed at the lower end with a permeable fabric,

barrel, at the same time gently tapping the head of is plunged into the small glass, and kept full of wheels.” Dated Dec. 9, 1858.

2825. J. ELDER. “Improvements in paddle the pile with the hammer. Patent completed.

2831. B. LAUTI. “ An improved mode of manusulphate of copper. This forms a solution within the interior vessel, and the negative pole is thus con

The patentee employs plates of steel or iron of a facturing rods and shafts.” Dated Dec. 9, 1858.

thickness proportioned to the unsupported surface of Here the patentee takes the ordinary rolled rod of stantly kept in contact with a solution of this salt. The zine is immersed as far as possible from the small

the float, and to the maximum pressure to which it commerce of whatever size required (which is proglass into the zinc solution. The battery thus con

may be subjected. He bevils the edges of these metal duced by passing the metal while red hot between structed serves for a long time, the sulphate of copper applied as floats they will, on entering and on leaving the scale therefrom. This immersion is not, however,

plates, giving them a suitable angle, so that when grooved rolls)and immerses it in dilute acid to remove never getting at the zinc. Patent completed.

the water, present the minimum of the resistance due required except when the article to be produced is 2819. R. L. BURROWS and J. KNOWLES, jun. to the thickness of such floats. Patent completed. intended to have a bright surface. When washed in "Certain improvements in the construction of piano- 2326. J. STEWART. “ Improvements in the con. water and dried he passes the cold rod between a pair fortes and organs.” Dated Dec. 8, 1858.

struction of the action of piano-fortes.” Dated Dec. of steel rolls formed with a series of grooves, which The object here is to elicit the sound of two 9, 1858.

have the edges of the grooves rounded off to prevent notes simultaneously by the touch of one key. This consists in mounting the escapement button ridges or lines being formed on the rod. The cold It consists in connecting each key (and its indivi. on the fly or hopper, and at such an inclination that rolling is repeated as frequently as may be necessary, dual mechanism, to its corresponding unison key, or just as it comes against the surface of the projection the rod being turned round as the rolling proceeds. octave above or below, by means of a series of rectan- it is moving in a direction perpendicular to that sur. Patent completed. gular bell cranked levers, the ends of which act upon face. Patent completed.

2832. J. BETIELL. “Improvements in machinery or strike a projection upon the ordinary," sticker," 2827. T. ALLEN. "Improvements in folding bed and apparatus for the preservation and colouring of which is raised by each key, so that the action of each steads." Dated Dec. 9, 1858.

wood." Dated Dec. 10, 1868. key struck is transferred to its octave above or below,

The two side-rails are here by preference made of This consists in protecting the iron cylinders used and the two notes are struck and the octave sound metal tubes. Each side-rail is made to fold by having for preparing wood with chemical solutions from the produced simultaneously. Patent completed. one or more rule-joints formed thereto. The sacking action of acids by first lining the inside of the cy.

2920. J. BAEBOW, jun. “Improvements in the is folded at its edges and sewn over the side-rails. linders with sheet" lead, caoutchouc, or gutta-percha ; treatment of coal-gas tar, and of the oils obtained by Towards the ends of the side-rails and on the under after the interior of a cylinder is so protected the the distillation of the same, and for the application of sides thereof are projections to enter the sockets of inventor constructs another lining of wood. Patent substances obtained thereby.” Dated Dec. 9, 1858. the legs or supports. It is preferred to cast such abandoned.

The patentee submits to the process of distillation projections of malleable cast-iron, in the form of T. 2833. J. LIGHTPOOT. “Improvements in printing in any envenient apparatus a mixture in suitable pieces, so that two of the parts of the tube forming a or staining yarns, fabrics, or fibrous substances, and proportions of cogl tar and any one or more of side-rail may in each case fit on and be fixed to such in the manufacture of certain compounds for that ihe bodies know the oxyde of amyl, the chloride T-piece. The two pairs of legs used for each bedstead purpose. Dated Dec. 10, 1858. of amyl, the hyd ed oxyde of amyl, the acetate of are crossed, and have sockets at their upper ends to This consists in making an alkaline solution of amyl, or the carbonate of amyl, with or without the receive the projections on the under sides of the side, colouring matters and metallic oxides, with which, addition of the hydrated oxides of ethyl or methyl or rails. The head frame is formed of metal and covered when thickened, the patentee prints fabrics or yarns, of bodies derived therefrom. There are various modi. with canvas or other fabric, and it has a projection at putting the said fabrics afterwards through a subfications included. Patent completed.

each end which enters a hole in the side-rail. Patent sequent process for developing and fixing the colour. 2821. H. MAUDSLAY. " Improved glass and other completed.

Patent completed. vitreous vessels.” Dated Dec. 9, 1858.

2828. J. Wilson. “Improvements in machinery 2834. J. FLOCKTON. “ Improvements in stop or This consists in applying sulphuric acid to the tools for tilling and cultivating land.” Dated Dec. 9, 1858. reversing taps.” Dated Dec. 10, 1858. used when operating upon vitreous substances in the Here à chain or rope is employed which has an For preventing the loss of time in working a series same manner as oil is usually employed in lubricating anchor or suitable fixing apparatus at each end so as of hydraulic presses, the inventor employs a stop or


reversing tap, having a chamber with three apertures, the colour and quality of the cement. Patent com- zinc. At one side of the chamber there are holes one of which is connected to the supply pipe from pleted.

through which the zinc ore is introduced into the the pumps, another to one hydraulic press, and the 2811. W. F. HALL and T. DUTson. “Certain im- chamber. These holes are closed air tight when the third aperture either with a stop or reversing tap, or provements in fancy buttons for ladies' and gentle. furnace is in operation. From the chamber or muffle with a waste pipe. One or the other of the two men's wear." Dated Dec. 10, 1858.

pipes descend to a condenser in which the zinc is latter apertures are opened or closed by two valves This consists in perforating the front or face shell, deposited in a liquid state, and can be run off when placed upon one spindle, the top of which has a screw the edge of the perforation being of a Vandyke or desired through a small tap-hole. From this conworking in a nut, which screw with the spindle and serrated form, the points of which being bent or denser pipes pass to another condenser which arrests valves are turned by a handle, the position of the pointed outward will puncture the fabric with which the metal which passes away with the gases in the valves being so arranged that when one aperture the front of the button is intended to be covered, and state of dust. From the second condenser a pipe in is open the other is closed; by simply turning these sharp points so far project through the fabric, which there is a valve passes to the chimney, so that the handle the aperture from the pumps can be and are made to clip and hold a centro ornament. by opening or closing this valve the gases may be opened to the press until the desired amount of pres- | Patent abandoned,

drawn more or less quickly from the chamber. sure is obtained, after which the handle is turned so 2842. J. B. GUTHRIE. “Improvements in the Registers are applied for closing the pipes at certain as to close the first aperture and open the other, manufacture of india-rubber overshoes.” Dated periods of the operation. Patent completed. which communicates with the aforesaid similar stop, Dec. 10, 1858.

2848. W. E. WILEY. “Improvements in everor reversing tap or waste pipe, and so on for the This consists in the application at certain parts of pointed pencils.” Dated Dec. 11, 1858. entire series of presses, one of the apertures of the gores, gussets, or pieces of elastic india-rubber, or The holder is attached to the forcer by a swivel so last tap being connected with the waste-water pipe. india-rubber webbing or fabric, into semi-elastic over- that the holder and marking material may remain Patent abandoned. shoes. Patent completed.

without turning in the case, whilst the forcer is 2836. A. BARCLAY. “ Improvements in electric, 2843. S. Dudgeon. “An improved gas-regulator.” rotated to propel the outer end of the marking magnetic, and electro-magnetic telegraph ropes or Dated Dec. 11, 1858.

material up to and through the nozzle of the pencil conductors.” Dated Dec. 10, 1858.

Here the gas is introduced by a supply pipe into case. The forcer is caused to rotate within the case Here the component wires of such ropes or cables one chamber

of the regulator, and from this chamber by a split tube which is attached to the end of the are twisted after the fashion of a common rope. The it passes into a second chamber, but the amount of The teeth or projections of the forcer pass wires may be separated from each other by mechani. gas passing from one chamber to the other is regu. through the split tube and enter the threads of the cally separative matter only, or by an insulating lated by a valve which is caused to open or close a female screw formed on the interior of the case. It medium, or by both. Patent abandoned.

passage between the compartments more or less as is preferred that the nozzle should be fixed to the 2836. A. BARCLAY. "Improvements in obtaining required. The valve for regulating the passage of the case, and that the split tube should be fixed to the motive power by means of electricity, magnetism, and gas between the inlet and the outlet chamber is carried other or moveable end of the case. A length of electro-magnetism." Dated Dec. 10, 1858.

by a disc or cover, having turned-down edges which marking material is supplied to the holder when the This relates to the obtainment of motive power enter a trap containing quicksilver or other fluid. holder and the split tube has been drawn out of the upon the galvanometrical principle. Any form of One arrangement for operating the disc or cover with case. Patent completed. galvanometer may be used, and one or more bars or the valve a tached is to suspend it upon centres or 2849. A. ROLLason. Improvements in the magnets may be used to work on the same centre of axes placed near one of its ends. The points of these manufacture of waterproof tissues, and in applying motion. The needle bar or apparatus of this galva- centres or axes rest against bosses or pads in which such waterproof material to woven fabrics, and nometer is surrounded by one or a series of stationary the points of the centres or axes work, thereby pre manufactured fibrous goods." Dated Dec. 11, 1858. galvanometrical coils, between which and the galva- venting undue pressure on the cover, which, if This consists, 1, in the preparation of a waterproof nometer needle or bar there are disposed suitable screwed too air-tight, breaks the joints and causes an tissue, which is capable of application as a remedial make and break contact apparatus to put the poles of escape of gas. There are modifications included. agent in surgical cases. 2. In the application of this the galvanometer into and out of electrical or magne. Patent completed.

tissue to the

coating of woven fabrics and fibrous or tical contact with the source of electrical or magnetical 2844. J. Hinks. “Improvements in ships' and textile goods. To make the tissue the patentee power passing through the galvanometrical coils. other lamps.” Dated Dec. 11, 1858.

mixes collodion vegetable oil (by preference castor With this apparatus a continuous and effective rotary The inventor makes the chimney of a slightly oil) and sometimes Canada balsam, mineral naphtha, action may be secured. The machinery is preferred tapering tubular form, and at its summit places a and spirits may also sometimes be added. The to be all secured in a suitable chamber from which chamber the figure of which somewhat resembles two mixture is poured upon glass plates, and the spirit is the air may or not be exhausted. It is also intended very obtuse cones placed base to base. The

chimney evaporated from it, after which the tissue may be to place rotatory electrical or magnetical apparatus opens into the chamber, the upper end of the stripped off the plates and stored away for use. Pas in the interior of an enclosed chamber for the pur- chimney being

expanded so as to have the figure of a tent completed. pose described, the air being exhausted or not. trumpet-mouth, and nearly corresponding in shape 2850. J. A. CARRUTIERS and T. BLACKBURN. Patent completed.

to the lower half of the chamber into which it

opens. “Improvements in apparatus for guiding and regulat2887. C. Hodgson. “Improvements in the manu. In the upper part of the chamber a horizontal diaph. ing the warp threads in the operations of warping, facture of fuel from peat, and in apparatus employed gram perforated with holes is placed. The lower side tape sizeing, looming, and weaving.” Dated Dec. therein, part of which is also applicable to the mould of the chamber into which the chimney opens is also 13, 1853. ing of bricks, tiles, and other plastic materials." perforated to permit the escape of heated air from This consists in substituting for the ordinary comb Dated Dec. 10, 1858.

the lamp. By this construction the burning of the or wraith used in warping and sizeing machines a This consists in means of cutting peat from bogs, lamp is unaffected by strong winds blowing upon it, compound spiral spring

in connection with a longituin converting it into pulp by tearing machines, drying

or water dashed upon it. It also consists in making dinal shaft or rod, at the extremities of which are it on steam-heated tables, and finally forming it into the reflectors of ships' lamps and lamps enclosed in placed right and left hand screws with the necessary solid lumps by means of a ram working tightly in a

cases, of a series of planes arranged round the flame, nuts or apparatus for working the same, so that by tube into which the peat is fed. The moulding part so as to be perpendicular, or nearly so, to radii drawn turning handles, levers, or wheels, the inventors are of the invention is applicable to bricks and other like from the lamp. Patent abandoned.

enabled to expand or contract the threads or divisions articles. Patent completed.

2845. P. ROBERTSON. "Improvements in shuttles.” of the springs equally to any desired pitch, by which 2838. W. BEARDMORE.

(A communication.) Dated Dec. 11, 1858. "Improvements in steam

a greater or less number of ends or threads of the

This consists in manufacturing shuttles by comboilers." Dated Dec. 10, 1858.

warp may be placed upon any given width. They Here the steam passing from the steam chests of bining with wood, bone, ivory, or metal the hard also place between the divisions of the compound

material formed from india-rubber; and also in manu spiral springs peculiar forms of straight springs, situated in the uptake or flue leading to the chimney abandoned. boilers is passed by the patentee through tubes facturing shuttles entirely of such material. Patent either in separate parts or in one entire or funnel, and thereby becomes superheated before

stituting the desired length of the comb. Patent being supplied to the engines. Patent completed.

2846. C. J. RICHARDSON. “Improvements in completed. 2839. G. F. Wilson. .“ Improvements in the buildings, for economising heat and reducing the nery or apparatus for tracing designs from an

apparatus to be applied to chimneys or flues of 2851. R. WUTTAN. "Improvements in machimanufacture of lubricating oils.” Dated Dec. 10,1858. quantity of smoke passing into the atmosphere.” engraved roller or from an engraver's sketch upon This consists, 1, in combining rosin oil with oil | Dated Dec. 11, 1858.

steel or other metallic surfaces, used as dies by enproduced from bituminous or schistose bodies, such Here branch iron tubes are so arranged in the gravers to calico printers.” Dated Dec. 13, 1858. as petroleum, bog-head, or other coal or shale, and by upper rooms of a building that the heated products This invention is not described apart from the preference the rosin oil used is prepared by distilling of combustion from fires at lower parts of the build. drawings. Patent completed. rosin by surcharged steam, then producing the rosining may be made to heat the air of such upper rooms, 2852. L. C. V. Yos. oil in the ordinary manner, and then distilling such and also, if desired, to heat water in cisterns placed Dated Dec. 13, 1858.

"Improved elastic beds." oil by the use of surcharged steam, and by such means in such upper rooms. Patent abandoned.

The object here is to facilitate the package of body is given to the oils distilled from bituminous or schistose bodies. : 2. In the use of rosin oil with zinc ores, and in furnaces employed for this purpose.'

2847. M. SCHAFFNER. " Improvements in smelting spring mattrasses by a mode of construction which percocoa-nut oil or the oleine of cocoa oil, or the oil or Dated Dec. 11, 1858.

mits of their being folded either in length or in breadth.

The mattrasses are divided into different parts, which oleine obtained from Calhoun palm, or from the oil or Here the calumine or other zinc ore is placed in a oleine obtained from the kernel of the nut from which chamber or muffle around which

a flue from
a furnace tied together with gutta-percha bands. To give the

assume a square, oblong, or other shape, and which are palm oil is obtained, by which means oils of suitable passes. The top of this chamber is formed with intended shape, the inventor makes use of things body for lubrications are obtained. 3. In combining hollow bricks, and the bottom with fire-blocks or springs, and maintains the opening in breadth by with the compound oil first described one or more of tiles which rest on masonry at the two sides, and are rattans. Patent abandoned. the oils or oleine's secondly mentioned. Patent com. also supported between the sides with perforated 2853. J. M. ROUSSEL. "A new system and new pleted.

supports. The blocks or tiles at the bottom of the apparatus, using air as a motive power.” Dated Dec. 2810. G. W. B. KIALLMARK and W.T. TIMEWELL. chamber form the top of a flue from a furnace, and 13, 1858. "Improvements in the manufacture of cements.” the products of combustion from the furnace enter This essentially consists in the use of compressed Dated Dec. 10, 1858.

this flue at one end of the chamber, and pass on air. The invention is not described in detail apart This consists in placing in the kiln, together with beneath the chamber to its other end where the flue from the drawings. Patent abandoned. the fuel and cement stone, or other materials from rises up, and the products of combustion then pass 2854. J. E. Boyd.

" Improvements in candlewhich the cement is made, animal matter, such as back above the chamber through the hollows in the sticks, lamps, and lanthorns.” Dated Dec. 13, 1858. horse's hoofs, horn, or other similar substances, which bricks forming its top to a chimney, by which means This invention is not described apart from the being burnt with the cement, stones, &c., improves the chamber is sufficiently heated to yolatilize the drawings. Patent completed,

A com

JULY 29, 1859.]
2855. R. A. BROOman. “Improvements in twist- and it is moved by a handle fixed to it and projecting

Dated July 6, 1859. ing and otherwise operating upon threads, twine, or in front. There are other arrangements included.

1600. W. H. Ward. Ocean marine signal telecords, and in apparatus for performing the same." ( APatent abandoned.

graphing for day and night, whereby messages and communication) Dated Dec. 13, 1858.

2862. J. Wade. “Improvements in means or communications on all occasions and subjects may be The object here is to perform by machinery certain apparatus employed in weaving.” Dated Dec. 14, given with clearness and despatch, within seeing disoperations which have hitherto been performed by 1858.

tance, day or night. hand. The invention is not fully described apart The object here is the obtaining facility in changing 1608. B. Seed and T. Steel. Improvements in apfrom the drawings. Patent completed.

from plain weaving to twill, &c., and then to plain paratus employed in the treatment of soap suds or 2856. R. A. BROOMAN. “Improvements in the again. Instead of employing only a pair of treddle other saponaceous or oily matters. manufacture of cranked axles and shafts.” (A com

levers operated by a pair of tappets to give motion to munication.) Dated Dec. 13, 1853. the heddles, there are four or more treddle levers

Dated July 7, 1859.

1610. D. T. Jones. Improvements in ploughs. This relates to a previous patent, and consists in connected to the heddles, according to the extent of

1611. C. F. Vasserot. An improved form of regumeans of forming the cranks with or without the change which it may be desired to produce with a welding on of additional metal to the bar which is separate lappet or like-acting surface to each

treddle lator, chiefly applicable to water-wheels. to form the cranked axle or shaft. Patent completed. lever adapted to produce the required variation in the munication.

shedding. And these treddle levers are capable of 1612. F. A. Le Mat. Improvements applicable to 2857. E. Loomes. “An improvement in the being connected together so as to form one pair, and ordnance. construction of steam-engines.” Dated Dec. 13, 1858. then ordinary plain weaving will be produced. 1614. R. C. Rapier. Improvements in working Here the object is to get the benefit of the reac

Catches operate to connect the two or more levers rolls for rolling plates of unequal thicknesses. tionary power of high pressure steam supplied to

1618. J. H. Johnson. Improvements in knitting reciprocating steam-engines by causing the steam to together, and these connecting means are separated enter the cylinders through a moving instead of surface. Patent completed.

at the times desired by Jacquard or other pattern frames. A communication. through a fixed body. To this end the inventor uses

Dated July 8, 1859. a hollow piston rod, which he brings into communi. 2863. G. BAKER. "An improved construction of 1619. G. Ellis. The improvement of muffs, to be cation (either through a telescopic arrangement of manger fastening.” Dated Dec. 14, 1858.

called “the patent reticule travelling muff.” tubes or otherwise) with the steam supply pipe, and The object here is to secure horses and cattle to 1620. W. H. Dawes. An improvement or improvehe also makes the piston hollow, and furnishes it their mangers, so that on an alarm of fire being given ments in the manufacture of iron. with steam ways opening out to opposite sides of the all the animals occupying a long shed or range of 1622. F. A. Le Mat. Improvements in the conpiston. Within the piston he mounts the cut-off stables may be quickly released without the necessity struction of revolving or repeating fire-arms. valve, the rod of which passes through the centre of of entering the several stalls to disengage the animals. 1624. G. Cartwright. Improvements in corks for the hollow piston rod, and out of the end thereof, To this end the patentee provides a peculiar construc- bottles and jars. which is closed by a stuffing box. By connecting this tion of bolt fastening. Patent completed.

1625. G. A. Boggis. Improvements in rendering rod with a crank excentric or its equivalent worked by the engine, the valve may be readily made to cut

2861. R. A. BROOMAX. “ An improvement in boots and shoes waterproof. off the supply of steam alternately from one end of nication.) Dated Dec. 14, 1858. transmitting electric telegraph signals.” (A commu.

1626. E. Livermore. Improvements in the manu.

facture of burning fluids for illuminating and heat. the cylinder, and open a communication between the supply pipe and the other end of the cylinder. Patent signals by means of clockwork, and consists in setting for refrigerating and heating liquids.

This relates to transmitting electric telegraph

ing purposes. A communication.

1627. D. Mathews. Improvements in apparatus abandoned. 2358. J. FERRABEE. “Improvements in the con.

free the clockwork and bringing it into action, and 1628. J. H. Johnson. Improvements in moulding struction of steam-engines, and in the mode of stopping it by the current itself. Patent completed.

or shaping metals by pressure, and in the machinery working the same.” Dated Dec. 13, 1858.

2865. J. T. SMETS. A method of making or apparatus employed therein. A communication. This relates, 1, to a mode of working the cut-off vinegar from a refuse product obtained in the manu- 1629. W. H. Harfield. Improvements in ships' valves of steam-engines, and consists in the use of an facture of starch." Dated Dec. 14, 1858.

capstans, and riding bits. arrangement of parts whereby the supply of steam This consists in a process, which we cannot give in

1630. H. Brimsmead and J. Lawrence. Improveto the cylinder is cut off at any portion of the stroke detail, of making vinegar from the residuum which ments in rotatory screens. of the piston by a continuous motion of a cut-off remains in the manufacture of starch, and which is

1631. J. Taylor. Improvements in the construcvalve, the time of the cut-off being altered by the generally used for feeding cattle. Patent abandoned. tion of walls to prevent damp from rising, and also in rising or falling of the governor balls, and the supply

tiles to be used for this purpose in building walls. of steam to the cylinder regulated without the inter.

2866. F. Jossa. "Improvements in furnaces for 1632. T. D. Duppa. Improvements in carpenters' vention of a throttle valve. It relates, 2, to the generating steam and other purposes.” Dated Dec. benches. construction and setting-up of the cylinders of steam 14, 1858.

1633. W. Woofe. Improvements in ploughs. engines with the view of maintaining or increasing

This consists in so constructing furnaces that the 1635. W. N. Nicholson. Improvements in clod the elasticity of the steam supplied thereto when fire burns downwards, and thus consumes the smoke.” crushers and land and garden rollers. discharged from the boiler. Patent completed. Patent completed.

Dated July 9, 1859. 2859. J. WEBSTER. “A new or improved method 2867. J. PENDLEBURY. “ Certain improvements of recovering copper and zinc from liquids, which in machinery or apparatus for bleaching or cleansing ture of over-shoes and other articles worn on the feet,

1636. M. Henry. Improvements in tho manufachave been employed to dip or pickle articles made of textile fabrics or materials.” Dated Dec. 15, 1858.

and in the apparatus employed therein. A combrass or other alloys containing copper and zinc." This consists in an arrangement of vessels formunication. Dated Dec. 14, 1868.

bleaching or cleansing manufactured or piece goods 1637. B. Samuelson and J. Shaw. Improvements This consists in a method of recovering copper and or yarns of cotton, linen, or other fibrous material by in reaping and mowing machines. zinc from liquids which have been employed to dip or the application of high pressure steam for first boiling 1638. F. Ayckbourn. Constructing certain articles pickle articles made of brass or other alloys contain: the bleaching liquid above 212° in a separate closed of dress

, so as to prevent drowning. ing copper and zinc by treating the liquids with vessel, and then forcing such liquid so heated through 1639. C. Iliffe. Improvements in the manufacture metallic zinc, and thereby precipitating the copper

the goods or fabrics to be bleached, the goods being of buttons. and zinc contained in the liquids, the same being contained in a closed vessel or "kier" conveniently 1641. E. Livermore. Improvements in generating recovered by evaporation and crystallization. Patent situated near to the heating or boiling vessel. The liquid gas for the purpose of lighting and beating. completed.

after being thus forced in a heated or boiling state 1642. J. Smith. Improvements in apparatus for 2860. E. Bow. “ Improvements in pumps.” Dated through the goods,

is returned to the boiling vessel

, heating and cooling water. Dec. 14, 1858.

where it is again heated to the required temperature, The essential feature here is the use of a kind of and again forced through the goods, such process

Dated July 11, 1869. * cup packing,” which in the piston acts against the being repeated until the goods are sufficiently

1643. E. F. Hutchins. Constructing the jaw or barrel surface in such a way as to dispense with a bleached. Patent completed.

jaws of vices and holding tools in general with a ball separate piston packing. Patent completed.

and socket joint."

1644. R. Clegg. Improvements in machines for 2861. D. ANDERSON. “Improvements in taps or valves." Dated Dec. 14, 1858.

PROVISIONAL PROTECTIONS. cutting wood and metal, and in the means of fixing Here in a modification of a tap or nose-cock the

Dated May 27, 1859.

saws thereto. A communication. shell of the tap is made in two parts for the intro

1645. H. Davis. Improvements in the manufacturo duction of the closing valve, which is a slightly cutting wood.

1310. L. D. Jackson. An improved machine for conical plug of metal, or metal covered with caout

1646. J. C. Pickard. Improvements in weft forks Dated June 22, 1859.

for looms. chouc, &c. The plug or valve is fixed on a spindle the inner end of which works in a bridge-piece on

1498. W. Buckwell. Manufacturing materials for 1647. W. E. Newton. Improvements in magnetothe back part of the shell, the outer end passing out building and other structural purposes, and of the electric machines. A communication. at the front of the top to a button or handle by machinery applied thereto, which last invention is ap

1648. J. Dible and W. H. Graveley. Improve. which it is operated. The front part of the shell is plicable to other purposes.

ments in apparatuses for ventilating and lighting made conical internally, the narrow end being out

Dated June 23, 1859.

ships. Ward, and the plug closes this space by the pressure 1510. A. J. Dessales. An improvement in the

1619. F. Burden. Improvements in the permanent of the fluid, or by the pressure of a spring introduced working and securing of sliding tubos, applicable to way of railways. in cases where the pressure in the pipe is insufficient. gas chandeliers, lamps, and other purposes.

1650. J. Å. Hartmann, Improvements in the The tap is opened by pressing in the spindle, and

manufacture of colours for printing cotton and other with it the plug which allows the fluid to escapo

Dated June 30, 1859,

vegetablo fibres and silk. round the plug. In a modification of valve for dis- 1554. A. Gueyton. Improvements in enamelling charging Auids, &c., the duct or passage is closed articles of jewellery, applicable also to other similar

PATENT APPLIED FOR WITH COMPLETE by means of a valve working across its mouth, which purposes. is faced or ground up, as is also the back of the valve

Dated July 5, 1859.

SPECIFICATION, to make a close fit. The valve is made to slide (by 1598. J. H, Naldor and T. Nalder. Improvements 1690. W. M. Cranston. Improved delivory ap. preference vertically) in grooves or guides which in winnowing and dressing grain and seeds, and in the paratus for harrest machsnes. ' A congmunication. retain it against the mouth of the duet or passage, machinery or apparatus employed therein.

Dated July 18, 1839

of soap

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s d
27831 52879 0 3 28920 10 29050 72918|0 3 29310 3
28360 112880 0 3 28931 8129000 3 29190 3 293210 3
2848 0 7 28810 328910 3 29070 529200 6 29330 9
285510 728820 728950 329080 6 2921 0 4 29340 3
28670 6 2883 0 4 28960 729090 3 29220) 3 2938 0 3
2870 5 8 2884 0 10 28970 8 29100 72923/0 3 29410 3
28710 7288510 5 28980 6 2911 0 3 2924 0 11 29430 8
28720 728860 6.2899 0 10 29120 3 29250 829440 5
28730 10 28870 3 29000 529130 5 29260 3 294610 10
2874'0 9 28880 729010 6. 29140 8 29270 3 29 170 3
28750 9,2889 0 3 2902 1 1 29150 3129280 3 2948 0 3
28760 6 28900 32903 0 3 2916 0 71292910 3 29490 3
2877 0 3 28910 5 290410 10 2917 4 2293010 3 2951 0 3
287810 4

Note.--Specifications will be forwarded by post from the Great Seal Patent Office (publishing department) on receipt of the amount of price and postage. Sums exceeding 58. must be remitted by Post Office Order, made payable at the Post Office, High Holborn, to Mr. Bennet Woodcroft, Great Seal Patent Office.


WITH PATENTS. (From the London Gazette, July 26, 1859.) 637. J. Court. Nibs for gas burners. 638. R. Allison. Boring and sinking. 657. W. Robertson and J. G. Orchar. Weaving. 660, I. Ash. Locks and latches. 668. J. Clark. India-rubber fabrics, 669. G. Hamilton and W. H. Nash. Looks and keys. 671. T. W. Miller. Blocking ships. 672. C. Defries. Lamps. 678. A. G. Hutchinson. Counteracting damp. 679, P. Larochette. Brewing. 690. R. Mushet. Metallic alloy. 691. R. Mushet. Cast steel. 692. A. L. Thirion. Mills. 696. W. B. Gingell. Window sashes, &c. 703. R. Mushet Cast steel. 708. A. Baucq. Graters. 712. J. Roberts. Packings for pistons. 717. W. Rhodes. Fire-proof safes. 719. J. Davies, Musical instruments. 721. W. A. Gilbee. Silk thread. A communication. 722. W. Weild. Coating slips, bars, laths, &c. 727. D. L. Banks. Suspension ways. 730. T. Manlove and W. Hodgkinson. Textile fabrics. 732. J. Tyssen. Indicating the speed of ships. 741, J. V. Hielakker. Pressing or moulding. 752. C. Sanderson. Steel. 778. T. Carr. Disintegrating substances. 790. W. Brown. Clog-soles. 800. A. V. Newton. Governor. A communication. 818. W. E. Newton. Cricket bats. A communication. 993. J. Wotton. Shaping metals. 1222. L. D. Owen. Truss. A communication. 1268. C. P. Moody. Matting:

12:0. F. J. Bramwell, Raising ships. Partly a communication.

1410. F. Puls. Hydro-carbons.
1542. J. Nash. Disengaging block.
1514. A. McDougall. Disinfecting substances.
1552. G, Baker. Trellis work. A communication.

1590. R. A. Brooman. Hemmer for sewing machines. A communication.

1598. J. H. Nalder and T. Nalder. Dressing grain. 1599. J. Watkins and J. Pugh. Lubricating wheels. 1613. J. Knowelden and D. Edwards. Hydraulic engines. 1627. D. Mathews. Refrigerating and heating. 1637. B. Samuelson and J. Shaw. Reaping and mowing. 1639. C. Iliffe. Buttons.

The full titles of the patents in the above list can be ascertained by referring back to their numbers in the list of provisional protections previously published.

Opposition can be entered to the granting of a patent to any of the parties in the above list who have given notice of their intention to proceed, within twenty-one days from the date of the Garette in which the notice appears, by leaving at the Commissioners' office particulars in writing of the objection to the application.

whole, or portion; but the amount of each trade mus'
be stated separately. Tenders Mr. Walker's offices

August 3.

On the Okle Clifford estate. Plans, &c., Mr. Washbourn, Solicitor, 12 Palace Yard, Gloucester, to August 5; where seoled tenders addressed to the Clerk and Solicitor of the Trustees of St. Kynlburgh, otherwise St. Kimbrose Hospital, Gloucester. Further particulars, Mr, J. C. Jackman, Surveyor, Gloucester. Tenders to the Chief Clerk of

the Vice-Chancellor of the Court of Chancery,
QUAY WORK, Scotland.-To form a new margin for the
river Clyde to stop further encroachment by water, and
to form a new embankment to prevent the Holm Lands
from being flooded. All on the farm of Mid Holm of
Grange, in the parish of Pellihain. Plans, &c., Mr. R.
Denholm, Factor, Carmichael, by Lanark ; and Mr.
Stodart, Hill Head, Covingtoo. Estimates with Mr.

Denholm, August 2.
SEWER, Lambeth.--For laying down, constructing, &e.,

2,850 feet or thereabouts of brick sewer, in Paradise-
road, Binfield-road, and Charlotte-street; and for the
maintenance thereof in complete repair for 12 calendar
months. Plans, &c., Mr. Hugh Macintosh, Surveyor
of Sewers, Office of the Vestry, Kennington Green ; to
which place tenders before 4 o'clock on the afternoon of

August 1.
SEWERS WORK, St. Leonards, Shoreditch.-For the supply

of materials, and the execution of the day, job-
bing, and measured works, for the sewers, drains,
gullies, &c., in the parish, under the control of the
Vestry from the 2nd day of August next, for a period to
be determined. Forms and specifications 5s. ench, with
information, Mr. W. Y. Freebody, Chief Surveyor to the
Vestry, 37 Hoxton-square, where tenders before 5,

August 2.
South WALES COAL, Navy.--For Trincomalee, 2,500 tons,

Bermuda 2,000, Jamaica 5,000, Barbadoes 600, and
Halifax 500 tons. Tenders at Somerset Place by two
o'clock, August 2, containing the names of two sureties
in £1,600 for Trincomalee, £700 for Bermuda, £1,500 for
Jamaica, and the name of one surety each in $200 for
Barbadocs and Halifax. The attendance of a principal
or agent indispensable. Particulars and form at

Somerset Place.
TWISTED IRON SPIKES, East India Railway. For 400 tons

as per specification at the offices of the Company.
Tenders, August 2, D. 1. Noad, Secretary East India

Railway House, Alderman's Walk.

near Ely.-The school to be in the form of the letter Li
and to comprise two rooms of equal dimensions, 40 feet
long by 20 feet broad. Also a master's house attached.
The whole, with the internal fittings of the school-
rooms, to be in strict conformity with the paper of in-
structions to architects and builders furnished by the
Committee of Council on Education. Application to see
the site and paper of instructions, to Mr. Tubbs, Sutton ;
to whom plans and estimates, for the Committee, up to
August 6.* Any further information from the Secretary,

Everard Calthorp, Esq., Sutton.
RAILWAY SERVANTS. --Station-masters, engine-drivers,

stokers and guards, for the Cork and Youghal Railway.
Applications in writing from experienced and qualified
persons to be sent, accompanied by testimonials, by
August 1, to 0. C. Edwards, Esq., Engineer to the Com-
pany, St. Patrick's Hill, Cork. No personal application
attended to. Offices of the Company, 176 Gresham
House, Old Broad-street, London.


Dates of Nos, in
Registra- Re- Names and Addresses. Subjects of Design.
tion. gister.

June 24, 4184

Cornes, Barbridge Cheese making

Works, Nantwich į apparatus. , 27, 4185 H. Naylor, Sheffield

Engravers' as


(Stud - button , 29, 4186 J. W. Scott, Worcester...


Draw - spring
July 1, 4187 C. II. Thew, Whitehaven for

ships' cables.
4, 4188

J. W. Mott, Lead Bridge India - rubber

tobacco pouch.
7, 4189

J. Adams, King William Tool for filling

cartridges &c.
18, 4190 J. Chesterton, Leicester... Appendage to



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June 30, 1083 W. Press, Walburgh St.

Quick action

July 1, 1084 (G. Kings, Tyburn, near

Self- acting

9, 1085 SJ. Chandler, Creek Foun- Glass water-
12, 1086 dry, Deptford

14, 1087

T. E. Ladd, Walcot Place Watch protec-
1 East, Walworth

J. Major, New Street Hill, Economic gas-
16, 1018
1 Shoe Lane, E.C.

18, 1089 C. Price, Mill Street, Wol-


Brown & Clark, Richard
25, 1090
Street, Birmingham


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Sealed July 22, 1859. 202. B. Templar.

238. D. Graham. 203. E. Dorsett and J. B. 240. F. C. C. Paulsen and Blvthe.

A. Alsing. 212. R. A. Brooman.

370. W. E. Newton. 213. J. Laubereau.

395, T.Willis and G. Chell, 214. J. Smith and W. H. 617. A. V. Newton. Smith.

833. T. Richardson and G. 215. J. Savory and W. R. W. Jaffrey. Barker.

851, L. Brierley and H. 217. A. Warner and w. Geering. Tooth.

1263. W. Crum. 227. J. White.

Sealed July 26, 1859. 246. E. Dixon and H. 313. J. Lee. Whittaker.

359. T. S. Cressey. 253. W. Crowther.

373. H. P. Burt. 254. J. Gathercole.

398. R. Cogan. 255. I. Zacheroni.

390. C. Jackson. 259. F. Prince.

412. J. L. Clark. 266. J. MacKenzie.

451. C. Garton. 270. J.J. A. de Bronac and 529. J.H. Johnson. A. J. M. Deherrypon.

662. H. Ambler. 272. T. P. Smith.

875. J. Bindley and J. L. 274. J. Raywood.

Hinks. 289. R. A. Brooman.

948. J. Chapman. 297. E. Wilkins.

1158. J. Luis. 307. T. Storer.

1228. C. Law. 330. W. Clark.

1319. W. Crum. 342. M. Curtis & J. Miller.

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The tenders and vacancies which appear in this weekly list

PRICES CURRENT OF METALS. are not repeated in succeeding numbers.

London, 29th July, 1859.

£ s. d P. et
WIDENING River, Beckingham, Fenton, &c.-For building
new bridges and sluices, and repairing existing bridges,

IRON, Rails in Wales and N.
of England

6 0 0 to
forming flood-banks, &c. Plans, &c., office of Mr. C.

Welsh Bars, in Wales ..

5 15 0 J. Neale, Mansfield. Tenders to August 11.

Staf. Bars at the Works

7 0 0 »

0 Hoops

8 00 8 10 0 CHURCH, East Markham, near Tuxford, Notts.--Restoring

Sheets, Singles

8 10 0 and refitting. Drawings, &c., Rev. G. W. Bramelet,

Nail Rods..

7 0 0

7 19 0 Vicarage, East Markham. Tenders to August 1st.

Boiler Plates

9 00 CORN MILL, Leeds.--For the engineers, millwrights,

Bcotch Pig, M.-Nos. War-
rants, at Glasgow..

2 12 6

Dett builders, joiners, and other workmen of a corn mill to

Do. No. 1, Good Brands

2 19 3 be erected in Tenter-lane, Leeds. Apply to Messrs.

Scotch Bars ....

7 15 Bevers and Wightman, Leeds.

Swedish Bars, in London 13 10 0 15 0 COPPER, Sheet and Sheathing per lb.

3 Poor-LAW OFFICES, Leeds. For the excavators', masons'

Tough Cake and Tile ,, ton 107 10 0 work, bricklayers' work, carpenters and joiners' work,

Best Selected. .......

110 100 slaters' work, plumbers and glaziers' work, plasterers'


11 JO 0 work, iron-founders' work, and painters' work, requisite

South American

103 0 0 104 0 for building the new Poor Law Offices in East and South

Yellow Metal Sheathing.


STEEL, Swedish Keg
Parade. Plans, &c., and form of tender, on application

. pr. top Is j0 @ 18 15 0 Faggot

20 JO 0 2013 0 to the Architeet, 71 Albion-street, Leeds. Tenders to 12 o'clock, August 3.

TIN, English, Block

pr. cwt. 6 18 0 Bxr...

6 19 0 POLICE STATION, Crediton.--For the erection of a Police

Foreign, Banca ........

7 6 0 Station and Petty Sessions room at Crediton, Plans, &c., | TINPLares, Charcoal, 1.c. box 1 13 1 14

0 at the office of Mr. Henry Ford, Clerk of the Peace,

Coke, I.C.

17 0

9 Castle of Exeter. Tenders to August 3.

LEAD, Pig, English ....... pr. ton 23 13 0 # 23

2 Spanish

22 10 0 SEWERING, PAVINO, &c., Manchester.--For the sewering


23 15 0 21 10 paving, &c., of Carter-street, from Julia-Street to Car

SPELTER, on the spot

pr. ton 20 15 0

21 00 narvon-street, New-street, from Julia.street to Frances

for arrival..

21 0 0 street, Melbourne-street (Julia-street). Plans and speci- ZINC, English, Sheet

25 10 0
fications, and blank forms of tender, on application to QUICKSILVER

per btl. 7 00
Mr. William Frances, the Surveyor, at the Town Hall.
Tenders to August 26.

REMARKS.--Our Metal Market has been quiet during the
WORKHOUSE, Scotland. For the erection of Galashiels week. Prices nearly unaltered.

Union Poor-House, at Galashiels. Plans, &c., Mr.
Stalker, Writer, Galashiels ; or of Mr. Walker, Archi-

LAWRIE AND HAGGER, Metal Brokers. tect, 53 Frederick-street, Edinburgh. Estimates for the 33 Lombard-street, E.C.

per lb.


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DUTY HAS BEEN PAID, 1707. W. A. Jump.

1766. E., T., A., and W. 1708, W. A. Jump.

Lord. 1711. W. Papineau.

1768. T. Byford. 1715. E. Leak.

1770. T. Wrigley. 1719. J. Clark.

1776. J. Denis. 1725. J. E. Hodges.

1781. S. Yeadon and G. 1729. C. Amet.

Chapman. 1741. F. Potty.

1793. J. Knowles and W. 1742. J. Onions.

Buxton. 1748. H. Doubleday.

1810. W. E. Newton. 1749. J. Derbyshire.

1834. N. Cadiat. 1759. G. A. Copeland.

1981. W. H. Perkin. 1760. C. A. Judkins.

2021. II. Conant.


No. of

in lb.

of one of one

Ib. ton.




24 48 96 192 210 288 381



224 224 221 224 224


represent the well-known allegorical Britannia, | THE GOVERNMENT DOCKYARD COMwith such ornamental and appropriate acces

MITTEE. MECHANICS' MAGAZINE. sories as the Mint artists might devise, whilst A MEMBER of the House of Commons--a gentlethe present inscription could not perhaps be

man utterly unversed, we presume, in public LONDON, FRIDAY, AUGUST 5, 1859. much improved.

affairs--lately expressed his

anxiety to see the It is particularly fortunate in respect to the Report of the Committee on Dockyard Economy

forthcoming coinage of bronze, that Mr. Glad- appointed a year ago by the late Admiralty. THE NEW COINAGE.

stone is in office. That gentleman has shown That there should here and there exist an indiNow that an improvement of the inferior coin- himself particularly clear-headed as regards the vidual simple enough to attach importance to age of the realm is determined upon by the

decimal system of weights, measures, and value, the conclusions of such a Committee is not surGovernment, and an especial act of Par- for or against that system. Moreover, Mr. always to be found. But, for our part, we have

and is, as we believe, completely free from bias prising, because people capable of any folly are liament legalises an issue of coins of mixed Gladstone has been Master of the Mint in his always looked upon this Dockyard Economy metal or bronze, we give in tabular form the day-sixteen years ago—and although the office Committee, constituted as it was, as a piece of weights and other particulars of the existing was then a political one, and did not call for elaborate and costly absurdity. Now that the copper coins circulating in Great Britain and practical interference from him, he most likely Report issued by its members has fallen premaher dependencies, with a view to showing that gained some knowledge of the duties of the turely into our hands-no matter how our

post. As Chancellor of the Exchequer he opinion of its authors is most completely estain other points beside the artistic there is room exercises by right much control over the great blished.* for reform :

money factory, and his taste and judgment Let us look first at the nature of the subjects Denomination pieces Wt. of each Value Value

brought to bear upon the new issue of mixed investigated by this Committee. They comprise of Coin. piece in

metal coins may influence their character very (to state them roughly as they stand in the offigrains.

materially. It is proper that the important cial “Recapitulation ” given on another page) Pence

first step now to be taken should be carefully the cost of the work done in the Dockyards, 145.83

taken, and that no opportunity be afforded the appointment of officers for supervising it, Farthings

hereafter for reflections or unfavourable criticism the entry of men for performing it, the superHalf-farthings

upon the new coinage. It will in all probability annuation system, the modes of paying for work Obolis

be fully a half century before so fair an oppor- of all kinds, the training of shipwright officers Farthings. -Farthings..

tunity again offers itself for remodelling the of all grades, the education of apprentices and

inferior metallic currency. How vitally im- naval architects, the behaviour and promotion The first three denominations of coins, as is portant is it therefore that what is to be done of clerks, the purchase of materials, the issuing known to all, circulate at home, but the others now should be done well!

of contracts, the management of the factories, are current in the Colonies, and more especially For ourselves, we are not quite certain that and many other kindred topics. Now, the apin Malta, the Ionian Islands, and Ceylon. the public would not be gainers by inviting pointment by the Lords of the Admiralty of a Now it does seem clear that there would be open competition among engraverso generally Committee to investigate large and weighty room in a new home coinage for a considerable for designs for the new pieces of money, and subjects of this kind is a very serious matter";

offering a price for the best. The engraving and such a Committee should comprise numerous decrease in the weight of the penny, half-penny, talent of the kingdom would thus be exhibited, experienced mechanical officers and accountants, and farthing tokens. There can be no good and art and taste receive a yet further impetus. in order to guard effectually against the prereason for compelling Her Majesty's lieges to If, too, there is any chance in the future and ponderance of everything like personal bias, or carry about with them so many pounds weight we think there is considerable-of an introduc- the whims of individuals. This must, we think, of metal when coins of one-half the thickness tion of the decimal system of monies, the new be apparent to every one. If the whole of the might be made to represent precisely the same weight as to be readily made applicable to that with the Navy are to be examined, and sen

bronze coins might be struck of such size and manufacturing establishments in connection value. In gold and silver coinages we admit that system. It would not require any juggling to tenced either to dissolution or change, the there should be a relationship or identity of quan effect this, and Lord Overstone, with all his judges ought undoubtedly to comprise a goodly tity and value in each piece, but in the case of strong feelings on the subject, need not be number of men distinguished for their ability copper or bronze there exists no such necessity. chagrined to find that those in authority yet and independence. Already the pound weight of copper, which consider the decimalisation of the coinage of Bearing these considerations in mind we turn costs on the average one shilling, is coined into England a possibility. The Chancellor of the to the Committee before us ; and what do we twenty-four pieces representing two shillings; Exchequer need not be told how to have the find? This: that it consists of five persons and why not make the new penny one-third new coinage managed, as regards weight, &c., only, viz., an Admiral, a Master Shipwright, a lighter, and regulate the other coins by it? so as to make it available for the existing Chief Engineer, a Storekeeper, and an indiWhy not thus economise metal, and cover to a duodecimal or the possibly-coming decimal vidual who does not exactly know what he is, great extent the cost of the new coinage ? plan.

and, therefore, calls himself sometimes “ConThese coins, as has been said, are mere tokens With regard to our suggestion of competition sulting Engineer,” sometimes "Civil Engineer," of value, and having the Mint engraving im- in designs for the new coins, let it not be sup- and sometimes “Shipbuilder” — being about pressed upon them they would be quite as posed that any slur is thereby intended to be as much one of these as the other, we presume. acceptable to the people as the massive discs of thrown on the Mint engraver, whose name- Admiral Smart is the admiral, Mr. Chatfield metal which now wear their pockets and their Wyon-is known and respected the world over. is the master shipwright, Mr. Murray the engipatience out. By such means, too, the miser- Far is that from our intent. It is purely and neer, Mr. Laws the storekeeper, and Mr. Bowman able specimens of the circulating medium of only with a view to obtaining for our own the gentleman who is doubtful of his vocation. which we complain could be got rid of entirely. native land a coinage superior in all respects to This is the general aspect of the Committee. They might be exchanged for the newly-Minted that of any other country, and which shall come If we approach it more closely, and keep the coins and then recoined at a profit! Having as near to perfection as possible. On this Report before us, we find that the nominal moved the powers that be to commence a desir- ground we again urge the proposition upon the number of five has been reduced to four by the able change, it is our wish to see that change Government. The number of copper pieces voluntary withdrawal of the only member who effected in a complete and inexpensive manner; supposed to be in circulation now in England is favourably known to the public, and who by and hence our suggestion for reduction of and the Colonies amounts to five hundred weight. millions, and as these must be supplanted by a

• As Mr. William Schaw Lindsay (once the Liberal With respect to the artistic character of the larger number of better coins of bronze-how derland) will be very likely to ask the Secretary of the new issue of money, that should be especially essential, we repeat, is it that there be no mis- Admiralty in the House of Commons to state how we

became possessed of the Report in question, we may as regarded. Of course the head of Her Majesty take in the first step to improvement ?

well say that we have had opportunities of seeing the said must form the obverse in each case, but we It must be forgiven us if we appear pertina- Report afforded us in several quarters, and by gentlemen submit that it would not be wrong to take as a cious in our remarks upon coinage reform, but Roport having been sent, as Mr. Murray knows very well, model a portrait of the Queen as Her Majesty since the agitation for it began in our columns, to the Dockyards. We are not indebted to any one at the now appears rather than to copy that which and through our columns has been pursued to Admiralty

, where are the stocare inde concerminking the icom. was taken at the commencement of her reign. success, we think that we have earned the right to state this, because as Mr. Lindsay is generally so ready It cannot be considered offensive to say that to have a voice in the conduct of that reform to

to put in the House of Commons any question which the Victoria I. is older now than then, and a new a beneficial issue. Few are there, it may be it is very likely he may now wish to put one on his own

Government of the day may think it convenient to answer, coinage should at least tell the truth. More on trusted, who will be disposed to deny us this account, particularly as his friend, Mr. Bowman, has made this head we need not say. The reverse may | privilege.

yard Committee.

member for Tynemouth, now the Tory member for Sun

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