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apparatus, I believe I shall listen to such opinions textile material in the manner described in the finished, will be the more interesting to the public as may be passed upon it, and such objections first process, and then applies the alternations of who pay the cost. (if any) as may be brought against it, without insulating and fibrous materials in the manner I remain, Gentlemen, your obedient servant, prejudice or partiality. My sole objects are to described in the second process,” We give Mr.

J. NOBTON. draw the careful attention of railway officials to Hearder credit for this part of his invention, at

NOTE.-Mr. Lancaster has shown me a new what I deem to be a life-saving invention, and to the same time we believe, as practical men, the have it adopted if it be found all that I believe it insulation would not remain perfect for any con- compound metal of the bronze nature, which is to be. I would only say, in conclusion, that I siderable length of time for deep sea cables; very tensile, not corrodible, and is therefore well consider I have now discharged my duty in con- added to which he would find some serious diffi- adapted for rifle cannon. nexion with this invention, and feel that I must culties to contend against in the manufacture of Rosherville, 30th July, 1859. henceforth leave those who are able to investigate cables so constructed. it, and to adopt it, if it be really an efficient system, We cannot follow Mr. Heardér through such a to do theirs.

Law Case. multiplicity of ideas as to the construction of a This apparatus consists of a square sliding bar,* cable under his patent, as it would be simply a suspended under each carriage, the connexion waste of time. We find in page 221 the follow- COURT OF CHANCERY, Lincoln's-Inn, June 29.being made by a universal joint coupling,+ so as ing ambiguous statement of carrying out his in. (Before Vice-Chancellor Sir J. Stuart.) to render the break continuous throughout the vention : -"In all cases I recommend the employtrain, thus making it possible to apply three or ment of a soft, adhesive, insulating medium,

CLARK'S PATENT BOAT - LOWERING BLOCKS. four brakes simultaneously. In making up a which shall adhere to the fibrous material as well

CLARK V. FERGUSON. train, the brake-blocks of the brake-vans are as to the surface of the more solid insulating sub- This was a motion for an injunction to restrain screwed up close to the rims of the wheels, and stance used for the several coatings, in order to the defendants from manufacturing or selling any then the coupling is effected so as to avoid the prevent the layers from sliding over each other.” blocks made according to or in imitation of the possibility of slack. The brake-blocks are We must confess that we are somewhat puzzled mode described in the plaintiff's specification, and arranged on the carriages that two operate in each to understand how this part of his invention is to from infringing the plaintiff's letters patent, and direction, so that the carriages may be moved be accomplished, as Mr. Hearder does not explain. from using the invention of the defendant, James either backwards or forwards indiscriminately; | Does he mean wax of any sort ? as we should very Nash, without the leave and license of the plaintiff

, but this is not the case with those attached to the much like to know what he really intends to use, and from proceeding with an application for the tenders and the break-van. There is a worm- for we are quite sure he cannot carry out his in- grant of letters patent to the defendant James wheel on the spindle of the handle from the van, vention if he is not in a position to state what the Nash. The plaintiff's case was that in April last working into a cog-wheel loose on the longitudinal soft insulating medium” is, so as to adhere to he had obtained letters patent for an improved shaft. On this shaft there is a screw working in the "surface of the more solid insulating sub- safety block, to be used in lowering ships' boats a loose collar, to which are attached the ends of stance.” Perhaps it would be better to state for and other analogous purposes, and that before one pair of levers, working the arm of a lever, on Mr. Hearder's information, that gutta-percha will filing his specification he had employed the defena fixed shaft, also carrying the lever to which the not adhere to india-rubber or cotton to the ex- dants, Messrs. Ferguson, who were blockmakers blocks are attached.-(See Minutes of the institu- tent required for submarine cables; the reasons at Millwall, to construct blocks for him according tion of Civil Engineers, 23rd November, 1858; are obvious to those “practically acquainted” to his invention. In the progress of such manuMechanics' Magazine, 24th April, 1858; The with the use of these gums. “I am aware,” says facture the defendant, James Nash, who was the Engineer, 10th Dec., 1858.)

Mr. Hearder, “ that wire has been coated with foreman of Messrs. Ferguson, invented an improveI am, gentlemen, yours obediently,

fibrous or textile substances to effect the adhesion ment on the plaintiff's invention, and the defenWALTER HALL.

of the insulating materials, which would not ad. dants thereupon proposed that such improvement Erith, 20th July, 1859.

here sufficiently to the wire without them.” How should be introduced into the specification which could Mr. Hearder, upon making this admis- was about to be filed, and that in consideration of

sion, lay claim to it as his invention ? We there such improvement they should be allowed a share ELECTRIC TELEGRAPH CABLES.

fore repudiate such a monstrous claim, as to of the profits to be derived from the plaintiff's TO THE EDITORS OF THE " MECHANICS' MAGAZINE.” whether it would assist the insulation or other patent. The plaintiff' not having acceded to the GENTLEMEN,—Having received several letters wise.

defendants' proposal, he alleged that they therefrom Mr. J. Hearder, of Plymouth, in reference We beg, therefore, to state on public grounds, upon threatened to manufacture blocks according to his patent for constructing telegraph cables, that “no partof Mr. Hearder's invention is es- to the alleged improved mode discovered by the he therein attempts to lay claim to that which the sential in constructing cables under our patent; defendant Nash, and thereupon he filed this bill

, public has a right, viz., the covering of copper wire in fact, we see not the least advantage to be de-on the ground that Nash's block was only a with cotton or other fibre, previously to covering rived from it. We believe, as Mr. Hearder states, colourable variation from his. The plaintiff's init with india-rubber or gutta-percha. We find that gutta-percha is not the best insulator for sub- vention consists of a certain combination of in your journal of September the 4th, 1858, page marine cables; we are also of opinion, if he had mechanism, whereby, by means of an eccentric 220, Mr. Hearder's specification of his patent. been in possession of the properties of “pure hook attached to the bottom of the lower blocks "First, he covers the conductor with cotton, silk, india-rubber” as an insulator, and had known the of a boat's tackle, the boat can be freed from the wool, hair, flax, or other porous substance or practical method of applying it for insulation, he tackle by, which it has been lowered immediately substances, in any of their forms, in one or more would not have attempted to construct such a.

on touching the water. layers, previously to coating it with the insulating cable as his on " theory" apart from all the "me- Mr. Bacon and Mr. Freeling appeared in support material, which may be india-rubber, gutta- chanical difficulties" he would have to contend of the motion. percha, or any of their compounds, or any other against. We are, Gentlemen,

Mr. Malins and Mr. Druce, for the defendants, insulating composition; or, secondly, he coats the

Yours most obediently,

said that they were willing to give an underwire with the insulating material.” We are pre

HALL AND WELLS. taking not to use the plaintiff's patent, or that the pared to show that this has been done at least ten

Steam Mills, Mansfield-st., Borough-road,

motion should stand over with liberty to the years ago for telegraphic purposes, and as a proof

18th July, 1859.

plaintiff to bring such action as he might be we have sent him a specimen. Mr. Hearder's speci

advised. fication further states that he “then applies any

The Vice-Chancellor said this was not the ordiof the before-mentioned porous or fibrous sub.

THE GREAT RAM. stances over the insulating material; or, thirdly, TO THE EDITORS OF THE "

nary case of the infringement of a patent, but the

MECHANICS' MAGAZINE." coats the conductor with the fibrous, porous, or

litigation arose in consequence of the plaintiff

GENTLEMEN,—I take the liberty of leaving for not having acceded to the defendants' proposal to • This longitudinal bar enters the square sockets of the your inspection a model of an elongated steel bolt

, embody in his specification Nash's improvement. universal joints, fand is of such a length that when the having two longitudinal wooden wings and a It was in the discretion of the Court as to whether train is extended to its greatest length, it will not be with latitudinal wooden bolt passing through its it would impose on a patentee the necessity of drawn from its sockets. Upon this bar is placed a shoulder, diameter near the base, forming two well-defined bringing an action to establish the validity of his shoulder is placed a helical spring, which bears against the “tetons” on either side. The bolt is poised on patent, and he did not think that that was a case plates that support the longitudinal bar, and offers a certain these four wooden supporters, so that the body of in which he should make any such terms; for it amount of resistance to the motion of the bar in either direction. In the event of a concussion taking place upon the

the bolt cannot abrade on the interior of the rifle, was only as an after thought, and after the train or between the parts of the train, these springs will whether rifled cannon or small arm. I should plaintiff had declined to accede to the defendants' receive the shock gradually, and prevent, or aid in prevent like to try an experiment with a well-tempered proposal, that the defendants called in question ing injury to the train. By placing pins through the several bars or shafts within the universal joints, the said

steel bolt, formed on this principle, against the the plaintiff's invention. The plaintiff was entitled carriages connected in the event of the ordinary connexions finished at a cost of £300,000; the experiment manufacturing or selling any blocks made accordshafts and joints would act as couplings, and keep the iron sides of the great steam ram, when quite to an injunction restraining the defendants from giving way. With this arrangement be dispensed with.

chains might to be made from a long 68-pounder brass cannon, ing to, or in imitation of, the mode described in + This coupling has two centre pins, which pass through be two and a half diameters of the base of the the plaintiff's letters patent ; but there

would be rifled with four grooves, the length of the bolt to the plaintiff's specification, and from infringing moved the joint becomes detached. This hollow centre

gun; the front face of the bolt to be slightly no order to prevent the defendants from using kxed to any part 5f the train, provided the uni versal joints cupped, after the manner of a steel punch-this Nash's invention, or from applying

to the Attorneyare all of the same principle in the construction. experiment being made when the ram is quite | General for a patent for Nash's improvement.

Parliamentary Proceedings.

TELEGRAPHIC CABLES.

RIFLING OF CANNOX.

GAS IN BARRACKS,

Our Weekly Gossip.

upon the owner, is the key to the lock-a key which can neither be stolen from him nor imitated.

Lieut. Col. G. W. H. Ross, of the Rifle Militia, HOUSE OF COMMONS.

A series of experiments is about to be conducted by writing from Jersey to the Times says :-“Having
JULY 28, 1859.

Captain Galton on the part of the Board of Trade, observed that the Duke of Somerset has stated in
Mr. R. Stephenson, M.P., and Professor Wheatstone, answer to Lord Lyndhurst that no authentic infor-

to determine the best description of cable for the pro- mation has reached him of the employment of rifled Sir W.P. GALLWEY asked the Secretary to the Ad-posed line of telegraph from Falmouth to Gibraltar.

cannon in the French navy, I beg to say that when I posed to be made as to laying telegraphic

cables in deep the Atlantic Telegraph Company, and will comprise miralty, whether any and what experiments were pro. The experiments are to be carried on with the aid of visted Cherbourg, in the month of March last, I saw

a number of new rifled cannon (ships' guns) lying on water, before risking the sum voted for a cable to an investigation into the comparative value of gutta the quay, close to the Arsenal. They were of the two Gibraltar.

percha and india-rubber, the best mode of insulation, grooved pattern, recently introduced by the Emperor Lord C. PAGET replied that experiments were now and other questions connected with the manufacture into the French army." in progress, under the superintendence of the Board of deep submarine lines. uf Trade, and under the control of those eminent engineers, Mr. Stephenson and Sir C. Bright, with the prepared and brought in by Mr. Laing and Mr. The following are the main provisions of a Bill,

Patents for Inventions. view of testing the composition of the outer coverings Chancellor of the Exchequer, and now in progress of telegraphic cables.

through Parliament, "to extend the enactments ABRIDGED SPECIFICATIONS OF PATENTS.

relating to the copper coin to coin of mixed metal.” Sir H. VERNEY asked the Secretary of State for When any coin of bronze or mixed metal shall be

The abridged Specifications of Patents given below are War whether any steps were being taken, and what, current by virtue of any Proclamation that may be classified, according to the subjects to which the respective for the rifling of the smooth-bored iron cannon in issued by Her Majesty, all the penalties and provisions inventions refer, in the following tab By the system of store for the supply of the army, nary, and forts in of the Act of the Session holden in the second and third

classification adopted, the numerical and chronological the interval that must elapse before a sufficient num

order of the specifications is preserved, and combined with years of King William the IV." for consolidating and

all the advantages of a division into classes. It should be ber of Armstrong guns can be manufactured. amending the laws relating to the coin," which are understood that these abridgements are prepared exclu

Mr. S. HERBERT said the Government had au- applicable to the current copper coin, or offences or sively for this Magazine from official copies supplied by the thorized experiments to be made in rifling the ordinary acts relating thereto, shall be applicable to such cur. Government, and are therefore the property of the proprieiron guns, and one gun would be tried next week. rent coin of bronze or mixed metal or the like offences tors of this Magazine. Other papers are hereby warned not Similar orders would be given at the factory at Wool- or acts relating thereto; and sections twelve and

to produce them without acknowledgement: wich, and he hoped soon to see from 15 to 16 iron fourteen of the said Act, and all other provisions of STEAM ENGINES, &c., 2868, 2894, 2897. rifled guns produced per week.

such Act, and all enactments whatever where cur- BOILERS AND THEIR FURNACES. None. COINAGE. rent copper coin is mentioned, shall be construed ROADS AND VEHICLES, including railway plant and car

riages, saddlery and harness, &c., 2869, 2893. Leave was given to Mr. Laing to bring in a Bill to and take effect as if in addition to copper coin, cur

SHIPS AND Boats, including their fittings, 2874, 2892. extend the ennctments rolating to the copper coin to rent coin of bronze, or mixed metal, had also been in

CULTIVATION OF THE SOIL, including agricultural and horcoin of mixed metals. any such case mentioned or referred to.

tieultural implements and machines, 2875. The Bill was read a first time. It has since been At the last meeting of the Institution of Mechanical

FOOD AND BEVERAGES, including apparatus for preparing carried forward through various stages. Engineers at Birmingham, Mr. Whitworth exhibited

food for men and animals. None.

Fibrous Fabrics, including machinery for treating fibres, his fine measuring machine, used for making standards

pulp, paper, &c., 2873, 2887, 2899, 2004. JULY 29, 1859.

of length, in which the bar to be measured is placed BUILDINGS AND BUILDING MATERIALS, including sewers,

horizontally between the two end surfaces of the drain-pipes, brick and tile machines, &c. None. Mr. BRADY asked the Secretary of State for War piece being introduced between the bar and the end machine, a thin flat piece of iron called the gravity LIGHTING, HEATING, AND VENTILATING, 2900.

FURNITURE AND APPAREL, including household utensils, whether it was the intention of the Government to

time-keepers, jewellery, musical instruments, &c., 2890, screw of the machine; the screw is advanced and adopt gas in lieu of the present mode of lighting the brought into contact with the gravity piece until the Metals, including apparatus for their manufacture, 2879,

2898, 2905. military camp at Aldershott; and, if so, would the latter is only just able when raised to fall again ; and 2881, 2883, 2895. Government construct their own works.

by then advancing the serew only one-millionth of an CHEMISTRY AND PHOTOGRAPIY. None. Mr. S. HERBERT said it was the intention of the inch further, the gravity-piece remains suspended ELECTRICAL APPARATUS: 2884, 2888, 2891. Government next year to introduce gas into barracks, between the two surfaces : thus one-millionth of an and to construct works for that purpose, but they did inch is rendered distinctly apparent, and standards of MISCELLANEOUS, 2870, 2872, 2876, 2877, 288, 2880, 2882,

LETTER PRESS PRINTINO &c. None. not intend to introduce gas into the camp.

length are obtained by the machine with perfect cor- 2896, 2889, 2901, 2902, 2903, 2906.

rectness to the millionth of an inch by repeating the Proceedings of Societies. same process with corresponding bars. Mr. Whitworth also showed a set of standard plugs for the decimal

2868. D. Rowan. “Improvements in steam-enINSTITUTION OF MECHANICAL ENGINEERS. wire gauges, and specimens of the gauges manu.

gines.” Dated Dec. 15, 1868. factured from these standards by Mr. Peter Stubs, of which may be called the "inverted duplex cylinder

In one arrangement provided by this invention, The general meeting of the members of this Institu. Warrington. Some of the decimal rules, twenty and tion was held on Wednesday, the 27th ult., at the thirty inches long, now in use in the workshop, were

design," and which is suitable for driving a screw. house of the Institution, Newhall Street, Birmingham; also exhibited, made by Mr. Sampson Aston, of Bir: propeller, an inverted cylinder is placed on a suitable Joseph Whitworth, Esq., Vice-President, in the chair. mingham, from Mr. Whitworth's standard.

framing directly over the shaft, and this cylinder has The Secretary (Mr. W. P. Marshall) read the minutes

a similar one placed (by preference concentrically)

The editor of the Atheneum, in his last number, within it, together constituting what is herein termed of the previous meeting, and several new members were elected. An abstract was read of a paper says :-“ A few days ago we saw the range and accu

a duplex cylínder, which comprises a central cylindric a CONSTRUCTION OF Hor.BLAST OVENS FOR IRON racy of the new Armstrong gun tested in a way which space surrounded by an annular space; pistons FURNACES,” by Mr. Henry Marten, of Wolver" demands a note. Cooling ourselves on the Essex working in these two spaces are connected by their hampton, the discussion of which was adjourned from coast, near the artillery practising ground, we were

rods, which pass out through the bottom covers to the previous meeting.–Mr. Neilson gave an interesting asked to see the firing, and while this goes slowly and

one cross head, a connecting rod or rods passing account of the circumstances under which the idea of solemnly on one of them spies a flight of geese far out

thence to a crank on the shaft. The fresh steam hot-blast first occurred to him, and his early esperi- go a dozen glasses. Yes; there they flicker in the

to sea. There, they light on yon sandbank. Up from the boiler first enters the central cylinder, next ments in the practical application of the plan to iron

passes thence to the opposite end of the annular cyfurnaces. If made from equally good materials the

sun, gray and white, mere specks in the blue sea air. linder, and finally passes from the annular cylinder to hot-blast iron was found to be as good, he said, as cold. bang! Boat off there to the sands!" A signal tells

Load the gun—load at the breach-poise-touch- the condenser. A complete set of engines comprises blast, and some of the strongest castings had been the tale. The shot has struck the swarm-a life is cranks in the usual way. There are several modifica

two or more duplex cylinders connected to different obtained from judicious mixtures of hot-blast irons. - taken from the flight-and this at six miles seven

tions given in the specification of this invention, mented upon a recent report by Government Com furlongs

from the mouth of the gun!.. A shot as well including an arrangement for operating the valves. which it was proposed to exclude the use of hot-blast Park, should

bring down a rider in Rotten-row. Here of working brakes on carriages on railways.” Dated missioners upon the marine engines of the navy, in aimed from Primrose-hill should hit the ball on

Patent completed.
Greenwich Observatory, or, if fired from Richmond

2869. H. BRIDGES. “Improvements in the means iron in their construction; and considered such a

is a fact worth the attention of those Austrian engi. proposal was not based upon sufficient investigation

neers who have just come to London to study our new of the subject, and was directly opposed to the results artillery and learn how to defend Verona against the

Dec. 15, 1858.

Here the inventor places under cach carriage in a of general experience. The next paper was “ON THE APPLICATION OF THE DECIMAL SYSTEM OF MEASURE; disbelieve this curious statement as it stands. Isn't of such carriage, a screw shaft having on the screw

Frank." We confess we are “cynical” enough to horizontal position, and extending the whole length MEST TO MECHANICAL ENGINEERING WORK, &c.," by Mr. John Fernie, of Derby.

there a mistake as to the animal? Have we not here part thereof a wormed nut, connecting rods being the hit of a canard rather than the hitting of a

attached at one end to the nut, and at the other to a

lever or wheel. On the same shaft a toothed bevil The following letter may deserve a line or two of The impossibility of rendering a strong box alto-wheel works into another toothed wheel on a vertical space :-" Gentlemen, -I observe that my directors gether safe against theft by means of skeleton keys shaft, therefore when this vertical shaft is moved are inviting the inventive world to send in to them all has led a locksmith in Frankfort-on-the- Main to hit round, it will by the toothed bevil wheels cause the the plans and designs ingenuity can suggest for laying upon the ingenious idea of constructing a strong box from revolving with the screw shaft, will traverse or me successfully in my ocean home. To this 1 have without any keyhole at all, and which even the owner no objection, but I cannot help suggesting that it is himself cannot open. Why, what's the use of such a

more longitudinally along the screw shaft, and carry only due to myself that, as in all other great competi- bor ? you will ask. But, observe, inside is a clockwork, with it the connecting rods, and thereby actuate the tionis, some respectable premium should

accompany the the hand of which the owner places at the hour and brake against the rails, Patent completed. invitation, and be offered by my managers and direc- minute when he again wants to have access to the 2870. F. C. N. J. MIGEON. “Improvements in tors whose right to speculate on the inventive inge-bos. The clockwork begins to move as soon as the manufacturing screws, rivets, nails, spikes, and all nuity of the public I for one repudiate most sincerely, lid is shut, and opens the lock from the

inside at the similar articles made of metallic wire, and in the maATLANTIC CABLE."

moment which the hand indicates. Time, dependent chines connected therewith," Dated Dec. 15, 1858.

« ON THE

goose ?

This includes a whole set of new machines for per ground without mixing the earth of the subsoil with of the dies or cutters by which the worming and forming the operations, which are four in number, the upper layer of arable ground. A hopper placed turning of the screw is effected, and also throws the and consist, 1, in heading or upsetting ; 2, in turning in front of the implement permits of a certain quan. lathe out of gear with the driving power without the the head ; 3, in nicking the head; 4, in cutting the tity of lime being dropped into the furrow of the intervention of an attendant. Patent completed. threads. Each of the above-mentioned is performed plough to be mixed with the subsoil. Patent com. 2883. R. MUSHET. “A new or improved manufac. by a different machine, and there is also a feeding ploted.

ture of cast steel.” Dated Dec. 16, 1858. apparatus. Patent completed.

2876. J. WARDILL. “An improved stopper or con- This consists in manufacturing cast steel from 2871. A. V. NEWTON. "Improved machinery for troller, to stop and control the running out of chains cast iron which has been wholly or nearly decar. manufacturing bullets." (A communication.) Dated and ropes.” Dated Dec. 15, 1838.

bonized by passing air through it while it is in a Dec. 15, 1858.

This consists in constructing a stopper or controller molten state, the conversion of the iron into cast This relates to an arrangement of machinery in with hinged jaws, one being hinged to each side of a steel being effected by melting the same and treating which a punch and set of dies for pressing blanks or bed along which the chain or rope runs, and which it whilst melting or when melted with a triple compieces of lead into a form approximating to that jaws, by means of a screw lever or other suitable pound or mixture consisting of or containing iron desired for the bullets, are combined within a revolv: power applied at or near the upper part thereof are carbon and manganese. Patent completed. ing, core, which serves, firstly, to produce a central made to press down upon, grip, and entirely or 2884. J. H. SELWYN. “A novel apparatus for cavity when that is required in the bullets, and partially stop the passage of the chain or rope. paying out or laying down submarine telegraph secondly, as a mandril to revolve the bullet, for Patent completed.

cables or wires, and for raising the same after they finishing their exteriors by the operation of turning. 2877. G. BELL. “An improvement in matches and have been laid down." Dated Dec. 16, 1858. The invention also consists in the use of an automati. fusees.” Dated Dec. 15, 1858.

This invention is described at pages 123 and 155 of cally operating cutter in combination with the re- This consists in the use of a metal shaft which is the MECHANICS' MAGAZINE (new series). Patent volving core for turning the bullets. It also consists dipped in any igniting composition suitable to the completed. in the use in combination with the revolving core of a purpose for which the match or fusee is intended. 2885. J. W. EDGE. “A certain improvement in centre piece having an automatic operation for con- The composition will be found to burn upon and balls, bullets, or other projectiles to be employed in fining the bullets upon the revolving core during the adhere while burning to the metal shaft. Patent fire-arms or ordnance." Dated Dec. 18, 1858. turning operation, and afterwards releasing them and abandoned.

Here the projectile is of that description which is moving out of the way to permit the succeeding 2878. T. Moss. "Improvements in printing bank partially hollow, and the invention consists in filling operations of the dies. Patent completed.

notes, bills of exchange, and other documents, re- such cavity with a composition of wax and tallow, 2872. A. V. Newton. An improved arrangement quiring like security against being copied.” Dated and in so perforating the sides of the projectile that of condensing apparatus.” (A communication.) Dated Dec. 15, 1858.

upon the explosion of the powder such lubricating Dec. 15, 1858.

Here the paper on which a bank note, &c., is to material may be forced through the apertures and This relates to a novel construction of condenser, be printed is coated with colouring matter. The effect the lubrication of the barrel. Patent completed. in which a series of parallel vertical cells or flat tubes colours preferred are yellow, red, brown, or green, 2886. J. W. FRIEND. “Improved apparatus for are used to receive the steam to be condensed. These and the colours are so prepared that they cannot be ascertaining and registering the depth and flow of cells or steam chambers are enclosed within a steam removed by any chemical agency unless the paper be liquids and the distances run by ships at sea.” Dated tight metallic cylinder casing, leaving between and destroyed. Burnt clay or carbon is used in com. Dec. 16, 1858. around them a space for the circulation of water. At pounding the colours, and they are mixed with drying This consists in enclosing within an outer case their upper part the chambers are connected by oils or varnishes and are applied by blocks or other tangent tooth and pinion gear in connection with a pipes with the exhaust steam supply pipe, and in like wise. Patent completed

fan or paddle wheel by which the resistance caused manner at their lower end with a pipe leading to an 2879. W. MORGAN. "Improvements in the manu- by the water impinging upon the floats or paddles exhaust pump. The water of condensation is drawn facture of iron.” Dated Dec. 15, 1858.

may be correctly ascertained, and corresponding refrom these chambers by this pump, and forced into This relates to the smelting iron ores in which the sults registered by graduated wheel plates or dials the case surrounding the condensing chambers. This quantity of alumina present is equal to or exceeds presenting the numeral or scale corresponding to the case or cylinder is connected at its upper part by one-half the quantity of silica, and the invention con said resistance. For ascertaining the depth of water pipes with the steam boilers. As, therefore, the sists in employing as a flux in the blast furnace when at sea, the speed or distance run by vessels, or the condensed water thrown into the cylinder circulates smelting such ores sandstone, sand, or other matter amount of Auid otherwise passed through the round the condensing cells or chambers, it becomes containing silica in a comparatively pure form, that apparatus, the said apparatus when employed for heated by extracting the heat therefrom, and thence is to say, at least 75 per cent of that substance. Pa ascertaining the distance run by vessels being pro. passes upwards to the boiler. Patent completed. tent completed.

vided with metallic wings or blades presented 2873. J. BULLOUGH. “Improvements in looms." 2880. R. and R. WILSON. “Certain improvements obliquely to the water, by which the instrument is Dated Dec. 16, 1858.

in the preparation of leather in combination with kept constantly submerged, and when used for The required motion is here given by any suitable india-rubber and other materials, for the manufac- registering the ow of liquids furnished with connumber of healds for forming the shed according to turing of hose-pipes, and other purposes where centric slot openings formed eccentrically in the the desired patterns by attaching them to cords leather is required to be impervious to water, steam, channel in which the fan or paddle wheel revolves, passing over guide pulleys, which cords are connected or frost.” Dated December 16, 1858.

through the medium of which the water, &c., is to other cords, wires, or rods in a horizontal position Here the inventors take leather of suitable thick directed against the floats or paddles. Patent comhaving collars, knobs, or hooks upon them. At the ness and strength for hose pipes and for other pur- pleted. top or other convenient part of the loom one or more poses where the article is required to be impervious

2887. A. MACKENZIE. “Improvements in sewing rocking or oscillating shafts are worked for giving an to or to resist action of steam, hot-water, or frost, machines.” Dated Dec. 16, 1858. oscillating motion or sliding movement to one or and first thoroughly cleanse the same by scouring in Here, according to one portion of the invention, more bars, plates, or knives, so that when the hori. cold water; the inner surface is then shaved evenly the circular needle machine is referred to, the sewing zontal cards, wires, or hooks are pressed on their to the thickness required and a layer of dubbing or stitching action being effected by the combined tops by pegs on a pattern cylinder or lattice, the knobs composed of oil and tallow is applied to it, and it is action of a straight needle of vertical action, and a or hooks shall either be put on or taken off the bar hung up until the dubbing is well absorbed. The curved needle of horizontal action. The framing of or bars, and thereby raise the healds or leave them outer grain of the leather is then taken off with a the machine is generally similar to that already in free according to end of the hooks. Patent com- currier's knife, and the leather is punctured by a use, consisting of a rectangular table frame, open pleted.

roller the surface of which is set with small spikes or beneath, and formed with a platform top for the 2874. C. F. VASSEROT. “An improved pendulum teeth. A solution of india - rubber combined working operation. Patent abandoned. governor for regulating the supply of steam to the with shellac is then applied to the surface of the

.J. MARCAIS.“ Improvements in galvanic cylinders of marine engines.” A communication.) | leather, which enters into and is retained by the batteries.” Dated Dec. 16, 1858. Dated Dec. 15, 1858.

small punctures and grain of the leather. A' thin This invention is not described apart from the This consists of a pendulum, which, by means of a layer of india-rubber solution is then applied, which drawings. Patent completed. guide and rollers, vibrates only in a plane, parallel serves as a foundation to receive a covering of vul. 2889. W. White and J. PARLBY. “Improveand coincident with that of the axis of the ship. By canized india-rubber cloth. The combined sheets of ments in the preparation or treatment of carton means of one or more arms, the pendulum is connected leather and india-rubber are then stretched upon a pierre,' and such like composition, and in the appli: with a vertical spindle, which has a screw tapped on its drum so as to cause the india-rubber to adhere firmly cation thereof to the coating or covering of walls and upper end. Upon the screw is placed a muff

, having to the leather, and when this is accomplished the other surfaces.” Dated Dec. 16, 1858. a small fly-wheel attached to it, and which is kept outer surface of the leather (previously punctured) This relates in mixing with “carton pierre," &c., from moving upwards by a ring placed above it, and has a coating of the india-rubber solution applied material adapted to resist moisture, such as pitch, held by a set screw. Attached to the muff, by a strap thereto. Patent completed.

tar, rosin, gutta-percha, india-rubber, or resinous or and pins, and stretching in a direction at right angles 2881. W. H. CARMONT and W. CORBETT. “An bituminous substances of a like nature, or of cement to the last-mentioned screw spindle, is another spindle improved mode of constructing furnaces for the pro. in powder used with the “ carton pierre," either alone or arm having its extremities made of a forked or duction of wrought-iron and steel, and manufacturing or in combination with the above-named materials. gimbal form, and having cut on its centre a right and such metals into ingots and other forms.” Dated It also relates to the application of such matters as left handed thread over which a union or junction Dec. 16, 1858.

a covering for surfaces and partitions of buildings, having similar threads cut upon it works, so that by Here the flues are so constructed as to rise per. &c. Patent abandoned. turning the union to the right or left this spindle is pendicularly from the grate, thereby carrying off all 2890. R. A. BROOMAN. “ An improvement in lengthened or shortened. The other extremity of the deleterious gases generated, and preventing such plating and gilding forks, spoons, and other metal this forked spindle is attached to a muff similar in gases coming in contact or becoming incorporated articles.” (A communication.) Dated Dec. 16, 1858. every respect to the first described one, and mounted with the metals so manufactured. The heat is also This consists in plating those portions of the forks, upon another spindle or rod, having its one extremity caused powerfully to reflect and reverberate upon the spoons, &c., which are subjected to more wear than formed as a screw, the other attached to and vibrating metals, at the same time preventing all flame or others, such as the prongs of forks and the bowls of with the axle of the throttle valve of the steam pipe. smoke passing over or coming in contact with the spoons, with a thicker coating than the other portions. Patent completed.

metals whilst in a heated or smelting state. Patent The patentee takes any article which has been uni. 2875. W. CLARK. Improved agricultural im- abandoned.

formly coated by the aid of the galvanic bath, and plements.” (A communication.) Dated Dec. 15, 1858. 2882. A. and J. STOKES. “New or improved heats it, and by affinity of metal for metal solders on

This relates to farming implements, having for machinery for the manufacture of screws.” Dated to those parts requiring a thickcr coating as many their object to open up and stir and break up the Dec. 16, 1858.

layers of leaf silver or gold as may be necessary to sub-soil after the passage of a plough through the Here the machinery effects the opening and closing produce the desired thickness. Patent completed,

2888.

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2891. W. CLARK. " Improvements in submarine from behind, or from the front, and is adjusted or / vented, and all parts of the ceiling will be equally electric telegraph cables or conductors.” (A commu. tightened up when necessary by an adjusting tube lighted. Patent completed. nication.) Dated Dec. 16, 1858.

or nut, tapped into the base of the cylinder. The 2901. A. MITCHELL. " Improved apparatus for Round a cord of elastic material, which may be lever rod has no working fulcrum of its own, but it registering the speed of engines and other machinery." either à conductor or non-conductor, the inventor is curved at the heel, and such curved portion works Dated Dec. 18, 1858. winds a copper wire, for example, in contiguous between two fixed stud pins so that a moving axis is The object proposed to be effected here, in the case spirals, as in covered springs for musical instruments, obtained, which axis is the point of junction with the of an engine, for example, is the noting with a style or &c.; over this he again winds another wire of about plunger; by this arrangement no pins or slots are re. other marking instrument, upon suitably prepared the same diameter, so that this second helix falls in quired in the lever. Patont completed.

paper, the number of strokes which it has made in a the furrows of the first. He obtains thus a conductor

2897. J. CLEGG. “Improvements in lubricating given time, using for this purpose the motive power composed of an elastic cord placed in the centre of two the valves and pistons of steam-engines." Datod derived from a clock or time-keeper, in combination spiral superposed coils in which the spirals are wound December 17, 1858.

with motive power derived from the engine whose so as to insure contact whatever may be the extension Here the lubricating apparatus is so formed that performance it is desired to record.

The way in they suffer; for in proportion as the elastic core the oil, &c., is placed in a cup or vessel fixed above which this combination of motive agency is to be ap; stretches, the exterior, pressure causes the external the steam-pipe leading from the steam boiler to the plied may be varied—that is to say, the prepared spirals to bear on the spirals of the inner helix and cylinder

of the engine. Below the cup or vessel into paper may be carried under the style or marker by forces them in the intervals of the spirals of the inner which the oil, &c., is placed there is a cock, when power derived from the engine, and the style or helix. Patent completed.

the plug of which is turned the oil, &c., will pass marker operated by the time-keeper, or vice versa. 2892. J. J. Aston. “Improvements in machinery downwards towards a vessel of a spherical or other Patent completed. or propellers applicable for the propulsion of ships, form, at the upper part of which vessel a valve is

2902. J. TAYLOR. Improvements in the con. boats and other vessels on and through the water; applied which closes the passage into the vessel when struction of pumps or engines for lifting and disand in the propelling of all such vessels on and pressed upwards by steam in the vessel. At the lower charging water.". Dated Dec. 18, 1858. through the water by means of such propellers." part of the vessel a valve is applied which opens up

This consists in the suction and discharge valves Dated Dec. 17, 1858.

wards when pressed on by the steam below. The being combined within the same valve chest by two These propellers consist of solid circular discs or spherical or other

formed vessel is connected to the intersecting divisions or partitions through which the rollers mounted on a central axis, and made of wood, steam-pipe by a tube on which there is a cock, so that openings or passages are made between the suction metal, of wood and metal combined. They are flat when the plug thereof is turned the oil, &c., will and the discharge; these openings are covered by at the sides, and have no floats, paddles, or projections flow out of the spherical vessel into the steam-pipe, preference with flap valves which lie at a suitable on their plane peripheries. Patent completed.

and be carried onward by the steam to the valve or angle, or are held against the respective faces of the 2893. W. J. Johnsos. “Improvements in machinery or apparatus for preparing for joining the the steam-cylinder. Patent completed. valves of the engine, and to the piston working on partitional or divisional plates within the valve chest.

The pumps may be single or double-acting barrels, rails of railways.” Dated Dec. 17, 1858. This relates, 1, to a method of cutting the rails so

2898. J. KETCHUM. " Improvements in the

and it two are used one should be placed on each side as to obtain correct lengths. For this purpose the the same, and in the method of manufacturing the and the top and bottom parts of each barrel, in a

method of roasting meat, poultry,

game, by basting openings or ways are common to both sets of valves ;

of the valve chest, and the suction and discharge with a cutting tool to which a reciprocating motion is necessary apparatus for so doing.” Dated December double-action pump, would be connected with the imparted. This tool is caused to reciprocate by an

same side of the suction chamber in the valve chest,

This consists of a perforated vessel which is to be and the air vessel should be placed above the valve eccentric, and the traverse for the cut is gained by suspended

below the bottle-jack, or other roasting chest, and may be so cast as to form the standard of caused to swing. It relates, 2, to apparatus for contrivance by hook, eye, or spindle, which book, eye; the pump, or it may be attached to the valve chest. making fish joints, and consists in combining the

Patent completed. above described cutting apparatus with a drill or may hang steady, and the vessel being supplied with

2903. A. P. How. “Improvements in cocks or drills, so that the two operations may proceed simul: grease it will pass through the perforations and fall on taneously. It also consists in using a combination of the joint, &c., being roasted. The invention also in stop valves.", Dated Dec. 18, 1858.

This consists in substituting for the ordinary plug. two or more drills without the cutting tool, so that cludes an arrangement for raising the fat, &c., from a the like number of holes may be drilled at the same

cock and the single station valve, a double bottom lower level into the aforesaid baster. Patent com.

spindle valve (somewhat similar to the double beat time. Patent completed. pleted.

valve) and in so constructing the shell of the cock or 2894. J. and J. INSAAW. "An improvement or

2899. J. AITKEN and J. BROOKS. " Improve valve case as to form the two valve seats therein, and improvements in locomotive engines." Dated Dec. ments in looms.” Dated December 18, 1858.

the inlet and outlet passages by covering the shell 17, 1855.

Here the inventors employ a moving "back casting. Patent abandoned. Here the inventors place a friction wheel between bearing rail” and give it motion by attaching to it 2904. E. WEBER. Improvements in dyeing or the driving and leading wheels, and another friction

one or more arms, each furnished with a block of colouring textile fabrics and materials, and in the ma, wheel between the driving and trailing wheels, the wood, which blocks are in a line with one or both of chinery or apparatus connected therewith.” Dated said friction wheels being so situated that by a slight the connecting links from the cranks to the sword. Dec. 18, 1858. motion of their bearings they may be brought upon the arms, so that as the links move up and down in their

This relates to a former patent, and consists in con. peripheries of the driving and leading wheels and the to and fro movement either one or both come in constructing the vessel into which the materials to be driving and trailing wheels respectively of the loco. tact at certain intervals with the block or blocks, thus dyed are contained of a larger diameter as compared motive. The leading wheels or trailing wheels or

causing the rail to vibrate so as to maintain an equal to its depth than that described in the specification of both are thus geared to the driving wheel, and re- tension of the yarn beam and consequent strain upon the former patent, by which means the height of the ceiving motion therefrom,

facilitate the advance of the yarn. Or they produce the same effect by plac layer or column of material contained between the the locomotive by their adhesion to the rails. The ing on the crank shaft an irregularly-shaped cam or disc and false bottom through which the dye liquid is friction wheels may be brought into contact with the tappet which comes in contact with an arm or arms

to be forced is greatly reduced, and consequently a driving and leading wheels and trailing wheels, either fixed to the " back bearing rail,” thereby causing the more uniform tint is obtained, whilst a considerable by the action of a piston rod_that is worked by a

latter to vibrate at the exact time required. In con. steam cylinder or otherwise. Patent abandoned. nection with the aforesaid movements they employ a

reduction in the power required to work the force pumps

is effected. Patent completed. 2895. A. HINDE. “Improvements in treating or stationary rod fixed across the loom for holding the 2905. J. SOUTTER. “Improvements in apparatus preparing the cinder or slag from puddling furnaces yarn in the same relative position with respect to for drying or airing linen, or other articles of wearing for the purpose of facilitating the manufacture of the moving" back bearing

rail” and yarn beam. apparel.” Dated Dec. 18, 1858. iron therefrom." Dated December 17, 1858. They employ at the back of each shuttle box a Here the linen airer consists, under one modification,

This consists, 1, in calcining puddling furnace coiled spring to which is attached a strap, so placed as of two plain or turned bars of wood disposed horizoncinder, or slag, when used for the smelting of pig or to receive the picker gently when throwing the shuttle. tally and connected by two horizontal bars, cut to the cast-iron by performing the process in kilns built Each strap may be readily adjusted as required, and length the linen airer is desired. The two end bars with flues, or external fire-places, similar in construc. in connection with the spring forms a yielding check are raised from the floor

by knobs or feet. In ench tion to those now used for the production of what is of great efficiency. They employ an elastic break of the end bars two uprights are arranged parallel to technically known in iron forges as “bull-dog," and by attaching leather, &c., to an arm or lever of each other; these uprights are connected longitudiin using the puddling furnace cinder or slag when so sufficient strength, but capable of slightly yielding nally by cross rails made either plain or ornamentalcalcined in the blast furnace for the production of so as to temper the shock when the break acts, and these longitudinal rails serve as supports by placing pig, or cast-iron. It consists, 2, in mixing with also its mode of adaptation. For working the linen thereon. Other supporting rails are obtained by puddling furnace cinder or slag previously to calcina. stop rod they employ an elastic swell, consisting of a securing to each pair of uprights a horizontal bar tion, lime or limestone, and calcining the same in spring of the same form as the present swell

, thus which extends outwards. Beyond the upper longi. admixture with the cinder for purifying the said lessening the difficulty of communicating motion to tudinal rails short vertical pieces are connected to the cinder, or assisting the subsequent process of smelting the top rod, and preventing the excessive strain upon extremities of the horizontal bars. These vertical in the blast furnace. Patent abandoned.

the fingers and chisel in the event of trapping the pieces have fitted to them cross rails which form sup2896. J. KERR. “Improvements in the construc- shuttle and also diminishing the wear of the shuttles. porting bars, parallel with, but lower than, the upper tion of revolving fire-arins.” Dated December 17, Patent completed.

longitudinal rails before described. Patent completed. 1858.

2900. J. MACKENZIE. “Improvements in those gas 2906. J, H. Johnson. * Improvements in appaHere the inventor is enabled to apply the ordinary burners known as ventilating sun burners.” Dated ratus for re-working the waste steam of steamgun-lock and cock with the usual safety bolt to re- Dec. 18, 1858.

engines." (A communication.) Dated Dec. 18, 1858. volving fire-arms. The lock is pulled off by the This relates to an improvement in ventilating gas The steam having operated in the cylinders is trigger blade in the usual manner, but by having an burners, known as “sun” burners. These burners conducted by a pipe to a close vessel, in which it is extra“ bent" in the tumbler the lock can be snapped onsist of a number of jets placed horizontally under allowed to expand and lose a great portion of its and cocked by simply pulling the trigger, for which funnels, or inverted cones, or chimneys of sheet iron, original pressure. From this vessel it passes to a purpose the inventor uses in conjunction with the &c., and this invention consists in perforating or surface condenser, which may be composed of a extra bent above referred to a short lever in the forming apertures in part of the inner funnel, pipe, or number of tubes surrounded with cold water tubes, trigger, which is kept in the proper position by a chimney, and also in part of the outer one, in order to and within which tubes the steam passes and is con. hook formed on its edge, and a stud on the top of the allow the light to pass, and in filling up the openings densed, when it is removed by a lift and force pump, tumbler. Tho chamber is rotated in the ordinary way. with talc, mica, or other suitable transparent ma. and supplied through a coil of pipos in one of the fur It revoltes on a rod or opindle inserted into its plače terial. Thö shadow on the walls will thereby be pre niaco lads to the boiler. By this means the steam is

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regenerated and its temperature is raised considerably 1672. W. Clark and W. Williams. Improvements 785. R. Searle. Telegraphs. before entering the boiler. The condenser is contained in finishing woven fabrics.

786. I. Spight. Horse hoes. in a water tank, which receives the injection water, 1673. F. Brown. The preparation and manufac. 787. T. Taylor. Paper. such water being heated by the steam, and used par- ture of a new fibrous pulp for making paper, and for 788. H. P. Burt. Preparing timber. tially for supplying the trilling feed required to the other useful purposes.

795. T. D. Shipman. Stamping. Partly a com. boiler. To prevent the heating of the pump packing 1674. R. Mushet. New or improved methods of munication. it is proposed to keep such packing moistened by a jet manufacturing a certain metallic compound or alloy. 798. C. P. Coles. Defending guns and gunners. of water supplied from a small tank on the upper part 1675. H. G. de Chateauneuf. An improved coverlet, 805. T. Ivory. Rotary engines. of the pump. Patent abandoned. called zephyr-eider-down coverlet.

806. T. Ivory. Boilers and furnaces. 1676. J. P. Farrar. Improvements in the treat- 807. A. Morton, Sextants or quadrants. PROVISIONAL PROTECTIONS. ment of iron.

813. D. K. Clark. Heating apparatus. 1677. W. McAndrew and C. W. Boyd. Improve- 814. F. P. A. Aubertin. Food for animals. Dated June 21, 1859.

ments in treating poppies, to obtain a product re- 824. A. Ripley and J. Roberts. Scraping leather. 1495. W.C. Fuller. Improvements in india-rubber sembling opium therefrom.

861. J. A. H. Ballande. Paper and ink. shackles, and in springs for carriages, and the metal 1678. W. o. Carter. Improvements in machinery 883. W. Henderson. Treating ores. fittings connected therewith. for sawing slate.

942. W. Sinnock. Telegraph cables. Dated June 23, 1859.

1679. F. Prince. An improvement in breech-load. 956. W. Clark. Separating metals from their ores. 1512. G. C. Grimes. Improvements in cigar or ing fire-arms.

A communication.
Dated July 16, 1859.

1099. W. Gossage. Alkaline silicates. such like lights, and in the means of producing them.

1080. J. Musgrave, jun. Improvements in the

1101. W. Gossage. Caustic soda.
Dated June 29, 1859.
construction of steam-boilers.

1329. W. Gossage. Iron and steel. 1546. T, Wight. Improvements in the apparatus 1681. J. Bernard. Improvements in the construc

1512. G. C. Grimes. Cigar lights. used in the manufacture of cast metal pipes and cast- tion and arrangement of hydraulic and other pumps, pictures. A communication.

1527. W. E. Newton. Exhibiting stereoscopio ings, termed core bars or spindles and chaplets. for forcing liquids and for obtaining pressure. Dated July 5, 1859. 1683. C. Pottinger. Improvements in machinery

1592. A. V. Newton. Separating metals from their

ores. A communication. 1595. C. Barlow. Improvements in capstans. A driving piles. or apparatus for dredging or excavating, and for

1597. W. E. Newton. Moving metals. A comcommunication.

1684. H. Cunnew. Improvements in elastic bands.

munication. 1596. A. Beaulien. Improvements in crinolines, 1685. P. A. A. Trouttet. A new moveable stopper

1640, W. MacKean. Starch and food. and in machinery for manufacturing springs for such for gaseous liquids.

1617. W. E. Newton. Magneto-electric machines. and other purposes. A communication.

1687. W. M. Smith. The construction of fare.

A communication.
Dated July 6, 1859.
boxes for the prevention of fraud on the part of

1687. W. M. Smith. Fare-boxes. A communica.

tion. 1604. C. Hagan. Improvements in apparatus for drivers, conductors, &c. A communication. curing smoky chimneys, and preventing down draught.

1688. M. H. Chapin. Improvements in the manu- The full titles of the patents in the above list can be as. 1606. 8. Lloyd. Improvements in the manufacture facture of galloons, tapes, or ribbons for supporting certained by referring back to their numbers in the list of of cast steel tyres.

steel or other hoops used for distending ladies' dresses provisional protections previously published.
1689. T. Carliell. Improvements in vent pegs.

Opposition can be entered to the granting of a patent to
Dated July 7, 1869.

any of the parties in the above list who have given notice of 1616. J. Smith. Improvements in propelling ships

Dated July 18, 1859.

their intention to proceed, within twenty-one days from the and other vessels.

1691. J. Bernard. Improvements in the manufac- date of the Gazette in which the notice appears, by leaving Dated July 8, 1859.

ture of boots and shoes, and the means employed at the Commissioners' office particulars in writing of the therein.

objection to the application.
1634. W. N. Nicholson. Improvements in ma-
chines for making and collecting hay, and for

cutting steads.
1692. H. C. M. Cramer. Improvements in bed-

LIST OF SEALED PATENTS. thistles and weeds, which improvements in whole or in part are applicable to other agricultural imple of artificial fuel. · 1893. J. Shaw. Improvements in the manufacture

Sealed July 29, 1859. ments where teeth or tines are used.

283. S. B. Eveleigh. 357. A. Clark. 1694. A. Phillips. Improvements in weaving car

284. R. Needham.

427. R. Cookson and C. Dated July 9, 1859. pets and in the machinery or apparatus to be used

290. G. A. Waller. W. Homer. 1640. W. MacKean. Improvements in the manu- therein, parts of which machinery or apparatus are

296. E. E. Allen.

489. A. W. Smethurst. facture or treatment of farinaceous matters for the applicable to the weaving of other fabrics. 1695. W. H. Harfield. Improvements in apparatus J. Hollingworth.

301. J. Hirst, jun, and obtainment of starch and food.

745. P. P. Boll and H.

Reger.
employed in getting ships' anchors and in shackling
Dated July 12, 1859.

305. G. Leach.

1317. B. Samuelson. chains. 1651. J. Luis. Imitation leather. A communica1696. W.E. Newton. Improvements in the method

Sealed August 2, 1859. tion.

of constructing and operating batteries for generating 1655. G. White. Improvements in apparatus for

393. G. Hadwen and J. or exciting, by chemical action, electricity for telegra- Goodfellow.

309. W. Clayton and J.

Wadsworth. counteracting the effects of collisions in railway trains.phic purposes. A communication.

311. J. Petrie, jun., and 398. 8. H. Huntly. Dated July 13, 1859. 1697. A. V. Newton. Improvements in the manu- T. Wrigley

418. R. Mushet.

A 1657. C. S. Walker and R. Hoyle. Improvements facture of india-rubber and other like fabrics.

317. A. Allan,

443. H. Y. D. Scott. in machinery or apparatus for promoting the consump communication.

320. R. A. Brooman. 445. P. E. Fraissinet. tion of smoke in steam-boiler and other furnaces, and

Dated July 19, 1959.

322. G. H. Baylis and 449. J. H. Johnson. for preventing the explosion of steam-boilers. 1699. F.C. Bakewell. Improvements in extracting F. Robinson.

458. P. A. J. Dujardin, 1658. A. Cooper. Improvements in the manufac oils from coal and other minerals. A communication. 323. F. H. Maberly. 596. P. E. Aimont. ture of the grips of swords, and sword boyonets. 1700. J. Shanks. Improvements in mowing ma- 332. N. Greenhalgh, W. 1143. W. S. Booth. 1659. J. S. Thomson. Improvements in steam- chines.

Shaw, & J. Mallison, jun. 1431, W. Brown, jun. engines. A communication.

1701. H. Parent. Improvements in, or applicable 335. T. and B. C. Sykes. and s. Bathgate. 1660. W. Cotton. Improvements in means or ap- to, looms for weaving.

347. J. Wilson. paratus for connecting together or uniting looped

Dated July 20, 1859. fabrics. 1661. J. Combe. Improvements in machinery for 1703. J. Erskine. Improvements in breech-loading PATENTS ON WHICH THE THIRD YEAR'S STAMP

fire-arms. hackling flax and other fibrous substances.

DUTY HAS BEEN PAID. 1662. J. Taylor. Improvements in stoves and fire

1705. W. E. Gedge. Improved apparatus for the 1809. W. E. Newton, places, and in the arrangement of fiues connected prevention of accidents in mines, to be called a mining 1820. W. Wood and M. 1823. E. P. Chevalier. therewith. parachute. A communication.

Smith.

2060. W. Moberly. Dated July 14, 1859. 1707. Earl of Caithness. Improvements in the 1821. W. Wood and M. 2121. J. B. Robinson,

Smith. 1663. W. Walker. Improvements in the manufac- permanent way of railways. ture of metallic packages, and in machinery for manu

1709. W. E. Newton. Improvements in selffacturing the same. À communication.

acting lithographic printing machines. A communi-
ation.

LIST OF SPECIFICATIONS, &c., 1664. R. Mushet. Improvements in the manufacture of shot and shell and other projectiles.

Published during the roeek ending July 30, 1859. NOTICES OF INTENTION TO PROCEED 1665. R. Mushet. A new or improved manufac.

WITH PATENTS. ture of certain metallic compounds or alloys.

No.

No. Pr. 1666. J. Atkinson. Improvements in fire-arms.

(From the London Gazette, Aug. 2, 1859.) 1667. J. H. Johnson. Improvements in the manu

684. W. B. Taylor. Looms.

2935 0 3 2953 0 3 29610 829690 4 29770 4298510 0 facture of artificial fuel. A communication.

714. J. Bickerton. Window sashes.

29370 829540 10 29621

3, 2978 0 6 2986 0 3 1668. J. Morgan. Improvements in apparatus for

726. S. Newington. Distributing seeds.

29391 5 29551 029630 6297110 11 29790 3.298710 3 making candles.

728. W. P. Wilkins. Valves.

294010 3 29560 5 2964 3 10 29720 6 2980 0 10 29880 3 735. S. Oram. Superheating steam.

29420 6 2957 0 9 2965 0 1669. J. Bailey. Improvements in machinery or

2973 0 3 2981 0 3 29890 10

29450 32958 0 10 29660 729740 3 2982 3 129900 6

736. W. Adamson. Propelling vessels. apparatus for stretching woven fabrics.

29500 62959 0 4 29670 3297510 8 29830 329930 1670. R. Longstaff and A. Pullan. Improvements 738. W. Middleship. Propelling vessels.

29520 10 29601 0 29680 3 2976|0 3298417 in traction or locomotive engines.

2952°
746. F. Tillett. Cutting splints.

748. W. E. Wiley. Cases for needles, &c.
Dated July 15, 1869.
750. F. E. Sharp. Corking bottles.

NOTE.--Specifications will be forwarded by post from the 1671. C. Kingsford. Improvements in the prepara- 762. W. Redgrave. Travelling cap.

Great Seal Patent Office (publishing department) on retion of peat and charcoal for fuel, in the manufacture 763. E. Steane. Preventing candles dropping.

ceipt of the amount of price and postage. Sums exceeding of coke therefrom, and in the machinery and apparatus

5s. must be remitted by Post Office Order, made payable 772. C. J. Richardson. Chimneys and flucs.

at the Post Office, High Holborn, to Mr. Bennet Woodemployed for effecting the same.

774, J. Buckingham. Drawing fibres.

croft, Great Seal Patent Office.

No. Pr.

No.

Pr.

No. Pr.

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5129700

3

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