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TRA V ELS

IN

EGYPT, ARABIA PETRÆA,

AND THE

HOLY LAND.

BY THE REV. STEPHEN OLIN, D.D.,

PRESIDENT OF THE WESLEYAN UNIVERSITY.

WITH TWELVE ILLUSTRATIONS ON STEEL.

IN TWO VOLUMES.

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VOL. II.

THIRD EDITION.

NEW-YORK:

HARPER & BROTHERS, 82 CLIFF-STREET.

18 4 3.

Entered, according to Act of Congress, in the year 1843, by

HARPER & BROTHERS, In the Clerk's Office of the Southern District of New-York.

CONTENTS

OF

THE SECOND VOLUME.

CHAPTER I.

Petra. — Preliminary Examination.— Mountains about Petra. — The Ar

proach to the City.—Geological Appearances.—Terraces on Mount Hor

-Wady Mousa.—The Valley.—The surrounding Cliffs.-River.-Ru

ins.— The House of Pharaoh.— Triumphal Arch. - Ruined Temple.-

Fallen Columns.-Other Ruins.- Private Residences.-Completeness of

the Desolation-Causes.-Extent of the Site.—Tombs and Temples ex-

cavated in the Mountains.--Their Situation and immense Number.--Ap-

proaches to them.—Their various Dimensions and Forms.-Architectural

Ornaments.—Exquisite and various Colours of the Mountain exhibited

in the Excavations and Ornaments.-A Tomb in Wady Syke.—Difficulty

of Description.-Mr. Roberts, an English Artist.- Delicate Texture of

the Petra Sandstone.—Our Camp in the Ancient Forum.-Bridge.-Col.

onnade.-Paved Way.-Ruins West of the Forum.-Reservoir.--Excava-

tions in the Eastern Cliff.-Brief Notices of several Tombs.-Sarcopha-

gi.—Great Elevation of the Tombs.-Ruined Staircases.-Aqueducts.-

Magnificent Trees.-An Ancient Reservoir.—Unique Excavation.-De-

scent into an interesting Ravine.-Doric Tomb.-Stairs and Terrace.-

Beautiful Decorations of the Interior of a Tomb or Temple.-Fluted Col:

umns, Cornice, &c.- Desecration.-- Another large Tomb with broken

Statues.- Massive Wall across the Ravine.-A Rostrum.-Conduit.-

Excavations in the Northern Barrier.-Canal in the Eastern Mountain.

-Tomb with a Latin Inscription.-Corinthian Tomb.—Splendid Front.

- Interior.-Peculiar Style of the adjoining Façade.-Fine Situation.-

Tomb or Temple in Wady Syke.—Ruined Arches.-Splendid Colouring.

-Ancient Theatre.- Dimensions.—Good Preservation. - Strange Situ.

ation.-Wady Syke.-Its Dimensions and General Features.-Height of

the Cliffs.—Luxuriant Vegetation.—The Treasury of Pharaoh.-Splendid

Façade.— The Interior.-Steps in the Cliff.- Various Aspects of this Edi-

fice as seen from the Syke.-Bedouin Tradition.-Fresh Appearance and

delicate Carving of Pharaoh's Treasury.-Farther Notices of the Syke.

— Pavement. — Canal. — Earthen Pipes. — The Triumphal Arch. — Its

Height and Object. — Ascent of the Cliff.—Excavations on the Summit.

-Gardens. — Tombs East of the Syke. — Truncated Obelisks. - Three

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CHAPTER III.

The Environs of Hebron.- Lodgings. - Our Alouin Guides.— Their Indo-

lence and Meanness.-Sheik Salim.-His Inefficiency and Disappoint-

ment.—Parting with the Bedouins.— Travelling on Damels.-My Drome-

dary.—Camel's Furniture.-Oriental Style.- Description of the Camel.-

Its Habits.—Waywardness and Powers of Endurance.-Camel and Drom-

edary.—Adaptation to the Desert.—Tolerance of Hunger and Thirst.-De-

scription of Hebron. — Bazar.— Mosques. — Tombs of the Patriarchs.-

Ancient Church. - Interview with a Mohammedan Priest at the great

Mosque.-Bigotry of Schoolboys.—Probable Identity of the great Mosque

with the Tombs of the Patriarchs.-Sepulchre of Abner.-Christians in

Hebron.—The Jews.- Visit to the Rabbi.-Condition of these People in

Hebron. - Visit to the Synagogues. Public Worship.—Manuscript Pen-

tateuch.-Antiquities of Hebron.—The great Mosque.-Cisterns.-Inter-

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