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BOER AND UITLANDER

CHAPTER I

WHO ARE THE BOERS ?

Tue Cape of Good Hope was discovered by Bartholomew Diaz in 1486, during his command of one of the many expeditions sent out by the Kings of Portugal with a view of discovering an ocean route to India. Diaz only doubled the Cape and then returned home. In 1497, Vasco Da Gama likewise doubled the Cape, and landed in that portion of Southern Africa which is now the Colony of Natal. From that time onwards a few Portuguese adventurers were settled at Table Bay and Saldanha Bay, until the Dutch seized and colonised what was the original Cape Colony in the year 1500. During the Anglo-Dutch wars of 1770, curiously enough, this Dutch settlement was never captured by the British, and only came into our possession in 1795, in the early part of the French Revolutionary War. It was restored to the Dutch in 1802, according to the provisions of the Treaty of Amiens, but was re-taken by Great Britain in 1806 and retained. It was not, however, until some time after the peace of 1815, that any effective steps were taken to colonise this new British possession, and for

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